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Full text of "Sussex archaeological collections relating to the history and antiquities of the county"

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Sussex archaeological 
collections relating to the .. 



Sussex Archaeological Society 



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HARVARD 
COLLEGE 
LIBRARY 




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SUSSEX 
1 

( 



BELATINO TO THE 



HISTORY AND ANTIQUITIES OF THE COUNTY. 



PUBLISHED BY 



Elje Sussex ^rrijaeological ^octets. 



VOL. XIV. 



[vol. U. or 8EOOMD MBIIS.] 



SUSSEX: 
, GEORGE P. BACON, 

• HIGH STREET, LEWES. 



M.DCCC.LXII. 

V 



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Th' 



Harvard CJoUege Library 

Nov. 27, 1911 

Prom the Gift of 

OharleB Jackson 

of Bob ton 



LEWES : 
GEO. P. BACO:r, PBIXTZB. 



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CONTENTS. 



PAQB. 

AzmnalBeport tu 

Financial Statement x 

HawtingB — ^Museum at xi 

Uflt of MembezB xy 

Bales of the Society xxii 

1. Petworth. By Rogeb Turner, M.D 1 

2. Appearance of Spirits in Sussex. By George Sladb Butler, Esq., 

F.S.A. 25 

8. Aahdown Forest, or Lancaster Great Park. By the Ber. Edward 

Turner, M.A 35 

4. Notices of Hastings and its Monioipal Bights. By W. Durrant 

Cooper, F.aA., and Thomas Boas, Esq., Mayor ... 65 

5. Eastbourne. By George F. Chambers, Esq., F.BG.a . . 119 

6. Maresfield. By the Bey. Edward Turner, M.A. .... 138 

7. British Antiquities found at Wilmington. By the Bey. G. M. Cooper, 

M.A 171 

8. Boman Bemains— Hurst-Pierpoint and Danny. By Bobebt Willis 

Blenoowe, Esq., M.A 176 

9. Uarriage Settlement, A.D. 1343, Johanna Poynings and William de 

Cricketot. By W. Durrant Cooper, F.S.A .... 182 

10. Old Sussex Haryest Custom and Peculiarities of Speech at Hastings. 

By James Bock, Jun., Esq., Alderman 186 

11. Hastings Parish Begisters. By W. A. Greenhill, M.D., Oxon . . 191 

12. Chiddingly— Parochial History. By Mark Antony Lower, M.A., 

F.aA 207 

18. Monumental Inscriptions-— Chiddingly Church-yard. By Mr. James 

NOAKES 258 

14. Mffnu"^i»"*^^ Inscriptions— Icklesham. By Gbo. Sladb Butler, 

Esq., F.S.A 259 

15. Notes and Queries 268 

Index 269 



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ILLUSTRATIONS, AND DIRECTIONS 
TO BINDER. 



PAOB. 

I'^^^nvr^^; Old House to fao9 1 ^ 

House at to faoe 19 « 

Mr. Dawtrey*B House 20 

Jloitingt : Nomum Bemahis 66 

Old Town HaU, and Court House Street ... to face 67 

Bemains of Hospital to face 67 ' 

Bemalns of Pier 94 

Merchants* Marks 103 • 

House formerly at Eastern Entrance of Town ... to face 106 

Pelham House to face 107 . 

Mrs. Shovel's House to faee 107 

Salmon'sHouse 108 

Two Old Houses in All Saints Street .... tofaoe 108 
Mrs. BoadIe*8 House 110 * 

JBfdverhUhe : Norman and Early English Bemains 117 

Ground plan of Churoh 118 ' 

Eastbourne: Old Parsonage 127 - 

Church Exterior to face 127 * 

Ditto Interior to face 12d 

WUmin^ltan : British Antiquities to faee 171 - 

Hnrgt Pierpoint : Boman Bemains 179 

CMddingly: Church . to face 207 

View of the Place, and Jefferay*s Monument ... to faee 227 

Views of Friths and Burohetts to face 281 t 

Arms of Chiddingly Families to faee 2!^ 



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REPORT. 



Cub Beport of the piooeedings, oondition, and prospeots of the Siusez AzohsBO- 
logioal Society for the current year is, as heretofore, the history of a prosperous 
and popular institation, which, while advancing in years, exhibits no signs of 
decay— no symptoms ot declining vigour. Our numbers are as full as they have 
ever been, and our last volume was as weU received and as highly appreciated as 
any of its predecessors ; and though the change of its costume — which the com- 
mencement of a second seriesy printed in the county and in a new iype, seemed to 
justify— has been complained of by some, yet the Ck>mmittee have reason to think 
that its chocolate-coloured uniform, a favourite hue with our ancestors, in the 
rich suits of their day, is winning its way into the affections of the great body of 
the members. It may likewise be permitted to add that, in this change, we are 
only following the example of the " mother of us all," the Society of Antiquaries 
of London, whose " Archasologia " has, within the last few years, undergone a 
similar alteration in external adornment. 

Too often has it been our fate to record the serious drawback to the enjoyment 
of our annual meeting of very bad weather ; but on thd last ooossion, when, on 
the 8th of August, we met at Hastings, we were favoured with a lovely day, and 
many an exclamatioa of delight was heard as a goodly company of our friends 
traversed the high ground from the Castle towards the Town — ^which, with its rich 
old red colouring, backed by an unruffled sea, studded with many a bark and 
fishing- vessel, lay beneath us— at the striking beauty of the scene. 

Another happy feature of this meeting was the able guidance which we 
enjoyed of Mr. W. Dorrant (Deeper, a gentleman every way qualified to indicate and 
to explain all that was most striking and interesting in that remarkable old 
Town. From the Gastle wall he gave us a summary of the history of that 
fortress from the times when the Gonqueror drew his rugged line of earthworks, 
on his first landing, preparatory to the great battle of Hastings, down to those of 
its enlightened possessors of modem days; and he kindly pursued the same 
course with regard to the two old churches, and other ancient remains. Such 
lectures as these relieve our annual gatherings from the imputation of being 
simply parties of pleasure, by conveying sound and useful historical and arohseo- 
logical information on the objects visited. 

The financial affairs of the Society are in a more satisfactory state than they 
have been, Oonsiderable arrears of subscriptions have been paid up, and 
measures have been adopted to prevent the recurrence of such arrears to any 
considerable extent for the future. This is owing to the active exertions of the 
Finance Oommittee, aided by those of one of our Honorary Secretaries, the Bev. 
W. PowelL In spite, however, of this improved state of things, the Committee 



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X. 



REPORT. 



woald impnes apon Uie memberB at large the desirablenefifi of their payings 

their arnmal Bubaoriptioiis zegolarly, as they beoome due in the January of eaoih 

year. This is but reasonable, since in return, in addition to other priyileges of 

membenhip, they reoeiTO year by year a handsome and well -illustrated Tolume, 

intxinsioally more valuable than the amount of their contributions. 

In pursuance of a vote of the Committee in the month of September, arrangre- 

ments have been completed with John Blaker, Esq., for the hire of Lewes Priory 

Grounds at a fixed annual rent ; and members and the public will henceforth be 

admitted at a small charge. The offer of this lease was made to the Society in 

the handsomest manner by the proprietor, and was gladly accepted. We are now in 

possession of two of the most interesting and important ruins in the Ck)uuty^the 

Castle and the Priory of Lewes ; a piece of good fortune beyond our fondest hopes, 

and which we have good reason to belieTe will not entail upon us any additional 

expense. 

*' -^ood optoDti diTHm permlttere oemo 
Aoderet, Tolveada dies en attiilit alirol '* 

Two archffiolQgioal discoveries of interest have marked the present year. The 
first, a very valuable "find'* of bronse Oelts at Wilmington, is described in this 
volume l^ the Rev. G. M. Cooper. The other and more recent discovery is that 
of some very curious early mural paintings in Westmeston church, by the Rev, 
0. Heathcote Campion, whose archaaological seal is a guarantee for the best 
elucidation and illustration of them in a future volume of the " Collections.*' ^ 



1 The following notice of this discovery 
is extracted from **The Builder** of 
September 27, 1862. 

" The building evidences a very early 
origin in its architectural forms. Inter- 
nally, it has been much ill used and neg- 
lected in times past During the re- 
moval of the coatings of whitewash, a 
most remarkable and unique system of 
twelfth-centunr mural decoration has 
been displayed. In many parts the work 
is but faintiy shown ; and in others the 
process of release from the plaster coat- 
ings, although effected under the most 
solicitous care of the architect and the 
rector, the Rev. Mr. Campion, has in- 
flicted injury. Still, on the whole, the 
general system of the decoration is very 
apparent ; and in many cases the sub- 
jects illustrative of scripture and sym- 
bolic scenes are well preserved. The 
work is wholly composed of figure sub- 
jects, which comprise a " Descent from 
the Cross,*' a " Scourging,** an " Adora- 
tion of the Magi," a representation of 
our Lord giving the word to St Paul 
and the keys to St. Peter, and a " Cru- 
cifixion.** Over the chancel arch is an 
"Agnus Dei" adored by angels, Over 
the north porch doorway are evidences, 
faintly traced, of a "Judgment" In 
the soffit of the unmoulded chancel arch 



are medallions containing emblems of 
the Seasons ; and on one of the jambs 
of the same arch is a representation of a 
female figure in presence of a demon, 
from which she is recoiling. From what 
remains of these valuable relics of 
early art, it is clear that the church 
was originally covered entirely with pic- 
torial scenes such as are here noted. The 
north wall has in it but one window; 
so that an uninterrupted field was ob- 
tained for the artist of those early days, 
. . . [The designs] on the north waU 
were arranged in two courses, one above 
the other, and separated by a band 
of inscription matter, written in Latin 
hexameters. These inscriptions occur 
again immediately under the wall-plate ; 
so that they refer always to the picture 
beneath. In colour, the work was very 
simply treated ; but few tints have been 
used. In drawing, it is very archaic, 
though careful and full of very early 
character. The tonsured fashion of St 
Peter's hair is given with singular ex- 
pression. It is remarkable, also, that 
this saint is shown in the scene of the 
" Adoration of the Magi." It will be a 
thousand pities if aught be done to im- 
pede the handing down to posterity of 
this relic of early art*' 



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REPORT. 



XI. 



Ripe fmit cannot hang for eyer on the tree : — we ha^e had to regret within the 
last two years the loes by death of two of onr old friends and allies. In the 
person of P. J. Martin, Esq., of Pnlborongh, Sussex has lost an energetic antiquary, 
and oar "Collections** a Talned contributor. His labours in inyestigating the 
Boman roads and other remains In West Sussex, were carried on with intelligent 
seal long before our Society was called into existence. By the death of the 
Very BeT. Oanon Tiemey, the Historian of Arundel, we hare been deprived of an 
eminent arohieological scholar, whose able and zealous services, as well as his 
kind and courteous demeanour at our Arundel meetings, entitle his memory to 
our highest regard. 

In conclusion, the Committee have to express their regret that a superabun- 
dance of matter has compelled them to postpone to Yolume XY. papers by Sir 
Sibbald Scott, Mr. Geo. Slade Butler, and the Rev. T. A. Holland. With the 
last, on the subject of Poynings, the engravings for which are already prepared, 
it is proposed to commence the next volume. 

Lewes Castle, IkcenHwr, 1862. 



ACCOUNTS FOR THE YEAR 1861 

Have been examined and appear as follows : 



begeipts. 

£ 8. d. 

Balance in hand, Jan. 1,1861 79 10 5 

Annual subscriptions d05 6 

Dividend on Consols 8 19 8 

Hireoftent 16 14 

Sale of books 9 8 



PAYURNTS. 



£414 7 7 



& B. d. 

Printing and Binding 225 

Purchase of Books 15 

Engravings, &c. 15 14 

Advertisements and Stamps . 88 6 6 

Stationery, &c 11 4 

Petworth and Eastgrinstead 

Meetings 18 11 6 

Clerk's Salary 12 

Sundries 4 4 2 

Balance 108 15 1 



£414 7 7 



Balance in hand, Jan. 1, 1862 £108 15 1 



LEWES CASTLE ACCOUNT. 



BECEIPTS. 

£ 8. d. 

Balance, Jan. 1, 1861 88 8 

4096VUitor8 81 13 6 

Visit of Odd Fellows as per 

contract 4 



£124 1 6 



P ATMEKT3. 

£ 8. d. 

Sundries, Coals, Taxes, &c.... 20 2 11 

Messrs. Parsons for Repairs 25 12 7 

Wages of Warder 26 

Balance 52 6 



£124 1 6 



Balance Jan. 1, 1862 



£52 6 



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THE TEMPORARY MUSEUM AT HASTINGS. 



A LOCAL moaeam of antiqnifdes had been speoiaUy prepazed for our meeting, under 
the saperintendence of T. Boss, Esq., Mayor, John PhiUipB, Esq., and Mr. Alderman 
Hook, who had kindly undertaken to act as a committee in receiving such objects 
of general interest as should be forwarded for the purpose. Through the kindness 
and courtesy of a number of the principal residents in Hastingfl and its neigh- 
bourhood, a large collection of antiquarian objects was thus brought together and 
placed at the disposal of the committee. These Tarious articles, all properly 
labelled, were arranged in the Market Hall for inspection of the Society. 

Sarah, Coustess of Waldeoraye, exhibited the court dresses of the Barons 
of the Cinque Ports, worn at the Coronations of Geotge II., George III., and 
George IV., also the three silver gilt bells, belonging respectively to the canopies 
borne by the Barons of the Cinque Ports, at the same coronations. The first belonged 
to John Collier, Esq., 1727; the second to Edward Milward, Esq., 1760; and the 
third to his son, Edward Milward, Esq., 1831. These are remarkable as being the 
only instance in which the Barons at three successive coronations were of the same 
family. The Countess also exhibited a lady's full dress, a morning dress, and a gen- 
tleman's full dress worn at a wedding, all of the year 1754 ; and six views of the 
town and neighbourhood, made more than half a century ago ; three were drawings, 
viz., the site of St. Mary in the Castle Church and Pelham Crescent, as it was in 
1810; old house at entrance to Hastings, 1818; and the Merry dame's old farm 
house at Fairlight ; and an oil painting of an old mansion (now stables) at the en- 
trance of Hastings by the old London road. 

The Dowager Lady Webster contributed, from Battle Abbey, an ancient spur, 
a bunch of four keys, a padlock and key, five tiles and part of a stained glass 
window from the ruins of the Abbey Church, three carved oak panels, one being 
the door of a confessional, a wassail bowl, a Prayer Book, temp. Elizabeth ; and 
the Abbot of Battle's flesh-hook. 

W. Phillips Lamb, Esq., of Oakham House, Ewhurst, who was one of the 
Barons, together with Sir John Bodson (the father of John Geo. Dodson, Esq., 
M.P.), from Bye at the coronation of Geo. IV., exhibited the Baron's dress then 
worn ; it was a robe of scarlet cloth, faced with scarlet satin, lace rufi9es at wrist ; 
scarlet satin breeches, slashed with purple satin ; the shoes were white kid with 
scarlet heels, &c., white satin knots at the knees; scarlet satin waistcoat, with 
long flaps, lined with white, and a small open cuff of white satin ; white silk 
hose ; blade velvet shoes, with scarlet thongs and heels, and white satin rosettes ; 
round black velvet Spanish cap. The canopy was of gold brocaded tissue, with, 
bullion fringe seven inches deep, lined with silver tipsue and silver fringe. It was 
supported by silver staves. The bell, silver gilt, of the usual hand-bell size. 

Thomas Frewen, Esq.. of Brick wall, contributed a ** Brute" chronicle, formerly 
belonging to Dunwich Priory down to the year 1382. St. Augustine's works, printed 
at Basle, by John de Amersbach, in 1494, formerly belonging to Richard Kidder- 
minster, Abbot of Winchcombe, Gloucestershire, which, after the dissolution, got into 
the hands of Richard Frewen, and descended to John Frewen, rector of Northiam, in 
1588. Henry the 8th's Primer, wherein there is a remarkable passage in the Litany, 
the intercession of the " Holy Virgin and Mother, angels, archangels, and patriarchs'* 
being prayed for; although in the succeeding page, a prayer is offered for the deliver- 
ance from the Bishop of Rome. " The Lamentation of a Sinner," by Queen Catherine 
Parr, printed in 1548; *' A Preservative against Desperation," probably of the same 
date ; a book of Christian prayers, 1578, with Dance of Death in margin ; a volume 
of sermons by Dr. Accepted Frewen, afterwards Archbishop of York, 1612 ; a volume 
of Jjalin Orations by the same, when Vice-Chancellor of Oxford, Ed- 1743, with two 
other books entitled, " Certain faithful instructions and necessary doctrines" and " Cer- 
tain sermons ;" the sermons of 1612 were again preached in Northiam Church, in 



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THE TEMPORARY MUSEUM AT HASTINGS. XUl. 

August and September last year, by the Rev. J. O. Lord, reotor, a lineal descendant of 
the author. The Psalms of Stemhold and Hopkins, 1629, in very curious binding; a MS 
license to Lord Basset of Sapoote, to alienate lands to endow his chantry there ; with 
great seal of Richard XL, 1377 ; originally it came to the Turners, of Warwickshire 
and Leicestershire, and descended to the Frewens as their heirs. A pardon of alien- 
ation of the lordship and advowson of Atherston*on-Stour, Warwickshire, 1573 ; and 
inquisition pagt mortem on John Turner named in the above deed, 45 Elisabeth, 1602, 
with great seal of Elisabeth ; the Account-book of John Evernden, of Sedlescomb, 
about 1611 ; from which extracts have been printed in our Collections (Vol. IV. p. 22). 
An ancient spur dug up by the late J. Frewen Turner, Esq., at Cold-Qverton, Leices- 
tershire ; a Toledo sword, half the buckhom handle of which had been cut off in ac- 
tion (elaborately ornamented — ^temp. Henry YL^ ; a sword belonging to one of Crom- 
weirs Lx>n8idee, found at his house at Huntingdon ; a court rapier belonging to Sir 
Edw. Frewen, 1685-90 ; the sword used at the Battle of the Boyne by Capt Hay, an- 
cestor of Mr. Frewen. Part of a rosary ; and old key (temp. Hen. Vlll.), belong- 
ing to Brede Place. A pair of Queen Elisabeth's shoes. In August, 1573, her Ma- 
lesty, after visiting the Guldeford family at Hempstead, Benenden, passed through 
Northiam on her way to Bye. She dined under a large oak, where she took off her 
shoes near the church at Northiam. They were be^ed from her and kept in the 
parish as a memorial of her visit* An embroidered silk shoe, supposed temp. James 
I. ; a pair of embroidered vdvet slippers, probably of a much later date ; and a 
pair of jack boots of the time of James II. A silver toasting fork used at coll^ by 
Archbishop Frewen, and his silver fish knife; and a handsome silver cup beautifully 
chased, with the following inscription on it : — " This cup, filled with guineas, was 
presented by Sir Edward Frewen, of Brickwall, to his grandson, Thomas Frewen, at 
his christening, in October, 1716. It will hold 2,250 guineas, and weighs 93 ounces." 
The same gentleman also exhibited an original painting of Archbishop Cranmer by 
Lucas Eranach ; this picture was formerly in the possession of Mr. Moreton Frewen, 
who gave it to Mr. Thomas Frewen's brother. A portion of the figure-head of 
H.M.S. Centurion, in which Lord Anson navigated the world in 1740 and 44. 

Queen Elizabeth's charter to Hastings, 1588, as well as other civic documents, were 
sent by the Mayor, and the Town Clerk, R. Qbowsb, Esq. The silver punch-bowl and 
ladle purchased out of the proceeds of the sale of tiie canopy used at the coronation 
of QeoTge IL, belonging to Hastings Corporation, and the Hastings silver mace made 
from the bells and staves held by the Barons at the coronation of Queen Anne (the 
canopy is in All Saints Church), were also exhibited. 

Thomas Ross, Esq, Mayor, exhibited a British gold coin struck about a.d. 50, found 
near Hastings ; a Roman coin of Commodus, one of 50 or 60 found with five or six bro 
ken vases in digging the foundations of a house on the west side of Warrior Square ; 
a gold coin found under the cliff at Bulverhithe, in July, 1862 ; a gold quarter noble 
of Edward III. (1343), inscription— Jin)20a^i^iir in Olaria, found near the old town wall 
next the East hill ; two medals commemorating the capture of Fort Chagres by Ad- 
miral Vernon, of (Merent designs ; the matrices of the seals or merchants marks en- 
graved poet, p. 102 ; the seal of the Bailiff of Hastings, used by John Grey, Bailiff, 1456, 
the oldest impression known of the seal disused after the charter of 1589, and the grant 
of a Mayor ; the old seal of Rye, found by Mr. Ross in the corporation chest there, 
attached to an agreement for the repairs of the church, circa. 1250 : and two betrothal 
rings with mottoes — Direct <mr vvayBy Lord, aU our days ; and AU I deHre of thee U 
tom/eare God and love mee, Samian ware dug up on the Swanscombe Manor estate 
near Northfleet, Kent : maker's name Ma/roio ; remains found in excavations at the 
East Hill, Hastings (near St. (George's). There were 40 heads, of which the akulls were 
very thick(See 8uii, Arch, CbU., Vol. xi., p. 308); various articles found in executing the 
dndnage of Hastings; a bead found in the grave, in All Saints Church, of Thomas Good- 
enough, M.P. for and Bailiff of Hastings; two massive bronze keys, the wards alike, dug 
up at Hastings Castle; and the Norman sculptured corbel and early English shaft from 
the church of St. Mary the Virgin, Bulverhythe, engraved post p. 118. Slag from the 
foundry on Blacklands Farm, Hastings, supposed to be Roman ; and three castings from 
Sussex foundries of chimney-backs. Medieval pottery from the kilns on the Bohemia 
estate. The rate book of New Romney, 1382-3; the Diaries kept by the Bailiffs of Hast- 
ings to Yarmouth during the forty days fair, dated 1582, 1584, and 1620 (See Lake's 
Diary, £kiS9. Arch, CoU.^ Vol. xil p. 159).; records of the hundred-court of Hastings ; 
Composition of Hastings with Seaford, 1604, the seal of Seaford perfect ; fireedom of 



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XIV. THE TEMPORARY MUSEUM AT HASTINGS. 

Nicholas Waters, of Hastings, enumerating all the rights and privileges, with forty- 
other deeds relating to Hastings and Rye ; Will of a Hastings fisherman, 1661 ; Con- 
▼eyance of property, with autograph of Samuel Jeake, jun. (the editor of the Cinque 
Ports Charters). Two carved panels supposed to have belonged to Guestling church 
ohest, ciro. 1250; and the impression of the foot of the Iguanodon from the East Cliff. 

Mr. AU8TKN, of Udimore, exhibited the bones of the claw of the same reptile ; and 
a coin found at Winohelsea ; also a pitcher found eight feet below the surfiioe of the 
ground at Rye, of pottery similar to that found at the Bohemia kilns. 

Mr. RuBiE of Rye showed a medal of Marshal Bassompierre. 

Mr. J. Rock, Sen., a Bible, 1611 ; and a vol. of Statutes. 

In a case of coins sent by Mr. Albert Emart was the gold coin of Theodosius 
Magnus, elected in 879, and found under the East Cliff, mentioned poet p. 65. 

Mr. Davby of Worthing sent two trays of impressions from ancient seals, corpo- 
rate and monastic, chiefiy relating to the county. 

The Mayor of Rte (Mr. W. H. Chatterton), exhibited a commission for charities 
1657, with the great seal of Cromwell affixed. On the obverse, map of England, Ire- 
land, the Isle of Man, and the Irish Sea, *'The Great Seal of England, 1651 :*' re- 
verse the House of Commons with the Lord Protector, ** In the third year of Free- 
dom by God's blessing restored, 1651;" this seal Is the masterpiece of Simon's 
engraving ; the original Custumal of the town and port of Rye, which was recovered 
from a London bookseller some few years since by the intervention of the Sussex 
Archaeological Society ; idso, a curious hand-bell firom the Court Hall, beautifdlly 
embossed : the handle is formed of three cnpids standing back to back, ihe relieflB on 
the body of the bell represent the story of Orpheus ; the design bearing at the top the 
inscription *'o mater dei memento mei" affords a singular illustration of the 
curiously mingled feelings of the time : at the bottom '* Petrus Chineus me fecit 
1566." 

There were also exhibited the chains and skull of the Rye Butcher, hung for the 
murder of Mr. Allen Gribbell, in 1742, and preserved in the Town Hall, at Rye. 

Mr. George Slade Butler, F.S.A., exhibited a Baron*s dress worn at the coro- 
nation of George III. ; part of the canopy, sword, and bell. A copy of Jeake's 
Charters; " Brusoambille" printed at Cologne, a veiy rare duodecimo, mentioned by 
Lawrence Sterne. Also the Charter of the Cinque Ports, 1675, printed at Cambridge 
for the Mayor and Jurats of Hastings. 

Among the ancient books were a 4to Bible *' Imprinted by Christopher Barker, 
1595," sent, with a copy of *< The London Journal" of 1721, by Mr. Mabok, chemist ; 
and " Certaine Sermons," by Thomas Cowper, *' Byshop of Lincolne," 1580, from 
Mr. Joseph Spencer, draper, for whose arrangement of part of the exhibition the 
Society was much indebted. 

The copy of the Bayeux Tapestry belonging to the Hastings Literary Institution, 
was also shewn ; and Mr. M. A. Lower, F.S.A., exhibited a spear-head found on the 
field of the Battle of Hastings, and presented by him to the Society's MuseunL 

Mr. W. DURRANT Cooper, F.S.A., exhibited the leaves of the illuminated char* 
tulary of Fecamp, relating to privileges of the Abbey in Hastings (mentioned at 
p. 69 post) ; and also a photograph of Wm. Hayley, D.D., Chaplain to William III., 
and fi^t Dean of Chichester of that name (brother of the poet's grandfather), from a 
portrait at Boston, Massachusetts, sent to England by the Hon. Judge 0. H. Warren; 
and engravings of the redoubtable Titus Gates, luxuriating in the pilloiy ; of Admiral 
Sir Cloudesley Shovel ; and of Hastings in 1820. 

Mr. T. Ross, Jun., exhibited the water-colour sketches from which the illustra- 
tions to the Hastings article in the present volume were taken, including a copy of 
Prout*s drawing. 

Mr. Shortee's painting of Hastings in 1805 also occupied a prominent place. In 
close proximity was a view of the same place as it now exists, painted by Mr. J. P. 
Shorter. A portrait of the Countess of Lelnster (1620-42), believed to be a Van- 
dyke, was also lent by Mrs. Shorter. 

Four engravings by Buck (1787) of Pevensey, Heistmonceux, and Amberley 
Castles, and Boxgrove Priory, were sent by Mr. ROBIMSON, of High Street. 

Mr. Glenister exhibited a copy of an engraving of " Garrick bidding fieirewell to 
the Stage." 

On the walls were also various rubbings of ancient brasses, from Bliokling Church, 
Korfolk, sent by Mr. PlC^KELL, jun. 



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1882. 



^sisex ^tci^aeolosical ^otiti^. 



The Right Honoarable the Earl or CHICHESTER, Lord lieatenant and Cnstos Rot. 



The DuKB OP Dbyonshibe 

The Marquis Camden, K.G. 

The Ea&l Dklawarr 

The Bajll of Eomont 

The Barl op Shepfield 

Lord Viscount Gage 

The Lord Bishop qp Chicheshter 

The Lord Bishop op Oxford, F.S.A. 

Lord Talbot de Malahide, F.8.A. 

Lord Colchester 

Lord Harrt Vase, M.P., Battle Ahbey 

W. BL Blaauw, Bnq., MJL, P.S.A. 

Rig^ Him. Thomas Erskine 

Hon. Henrt Brand, M.P. 

Hon. Robert Cubzon, Jun., M.P., 

Sir John P. Boileau, Bart., V.P.S.A. 

Sir John Vilubrs Shelley, Bart., M.P. 

Sir Thomas Maryon Wilson, Bart. 

Sir Henry Elus, K.H., F.R.a., F.SJL 

The Very Rev^. the Dean of Chichester 



Sir Sibbald D. Scott, Bart., F.SJL 

Rot. Hbathcote Campion, MA. 

Robert Chapman, Em^ 

Rev. Geo. M. Cooper, M A. 

W. DuRRANT Cooper, Esq., F.SA. 

Major-General F. Da vies 

WiLLULM FiGG, Esq., F.S.A. 



9ue- Ipresibncts : 

The Venerable Archdeacon Otter 
The Venerable Archdeacon Garbett 
Rev. John Goring, Wiston 
Rev. H. Wellbslet, D.D. 
Sir Percy Burrell, Bart.. M.P. 
John M. Cobbett, Esq., M.P. 
John George Dodson, Esq^ M.P. 
Wm. Tite, Esq., V.P.S.A., F.R.S., M.P. 

B. B. Barttelot, Esq., M.P. 
J. G. Blencowb, Esq., M.P. 
Rt. Hon. W.R. Seymour Fitzgerald, M.P. 
H. W. Frebland, Esq., M.P. 
W. TowNLEY Mitpord, Esq., M.P. 
F. North, Esq., M.P. 
P. F. Robertson, Esq. 
Evelyn Phil. Shirley, Esq., F.S A., M.P. 
A. J. Berespord Hope, Esq., M.A., F.S.A. 

C. Hay Frbwbn, Esq. 
Rev. J. CollingwoodBruce, LL.D., F.S JL 
Albert Wat, Esq., MA., F.S.A1, 

€ammittn : 

W. Harvey, Esq., F.S.A. 

Edward Hussby, Esq. 

Mark Antony Lower, Esq., F.SA. 

John Clay Lucas, Esq., F.S.A. 

Rev. Edward Turner, MA. 

Weston Styleman Walford, Esq., F.S.A. 



Rev. G. H. Woods, MA. 
Crtasarer : Geo. Molineux, Esq., Old Bank, Lewes. 
Sonorsrs Jlecretaries : R. W. Blencowb, Esq., MA., The Hooke, Lewes. The Rev. 
William Powell, M.A., Newick, Uckfield. 



W. H. Mason, Esq., Chichester 
Rev. G. a Clarkson, Amberley 
Rev. R. H addon Greene, Rogate 
Mr. J. P^iLUPS, Worthing 
Rev. T. Medland, Steyning 
W. Borrer, Esq., Jnn^ Cowfold 
Rev. Caret Borrer, Horst-Pierpoint 
W. Harvey, Esq., F.S.A., Lewes 
C. Lrbson Prince, Esq., Uckfield 
Barclay Philups, Esq., Brighton 
Thomas S. Byass, Esq., MJ)., Cackfield 



John A. Blaodbn, Esq., Petworth 

George Sladb Butler, Esq., F.S.A., Rve 

Mr. J. M. Richardson, Tnnbridge Wells 

Henry Simmons, Esq., Siaford 

Mr. H. M. Emary, Eastbonme 

Rev. J. Gould, Bnrwash 

W. Beckwtth, Esq., Hawkhnrst 

T. Ross, Esq., Hastings 

H. Campkin, Esq , F.S.A., 104, Pall Mall, 

London 
Mr. F.Ward, Battle 



CUrk : Mr. Newland Rudwick, 8, CUffe, Lewes, to whom all cmnmunicatioiu respecting 
unpaid Subtcriptums^ and the delivery of Volumes, should be addressed, 

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XVI 



SUSSEX ABCBLEOLOGICAL SOCIETY* 



N.B.—The * prefixed denotes Life Compounders, 



•Sir Robert Shafto Adair, Bajrt. 

Hr. Stephen Ade, Milton Court 

John Aadis, Esq., Bustington 

John Alfree, Esq., Brighton 

Ber. H. Allen, Brighton 

Edwin Aostin, Esq., Udimore 

John Francia Austen, Esq., Elippington 

G. P. Bacon, Esq., Lewes 

*Bev. Thomas Baoon^Wiggonholt 

Henry Bailey. Esq., HeauSield 

J. B. Baker, Esq., Buxted 

Mrs. Baines, Waminfflid 

Mr. Jos. Bannister, Hastings 

E. S. Banks, Esq., Rye 

Mr. Barber, Jan., Willingdon 

Francis BarcharcL Esq^ Place, Horsted 

Donald Barclay, Esq., Mayfield 

Rev. Robert Barton, Hastings 

•Brian Barttelot Barttelot, Esq., M.P., 
Stopham 

W. Battler, Esq., jnn., ."Brighton 

Rev. W. W. Battye, Hever 

W.E. Baxter. Esq., Lewes 

A. Beattie, Esq., St. Leonards-on-Sea 

0. Beard, Sisq^ Bottingdean 

C. H. Beard, Esq., Lewes 

Miss Matilda Beard, Bottingdean 

Rev. Jas. Beck, Parham 

W. Beckwith, Esq., Hawkhurst 

John BeU, Esq^ Hawkhurst 

Mrs. Bellamy, Tunbndg;e Wells 

0. Bellinffhain, Esq., Brighton 

Miss S. ^Uingham, Rye 

Kemp Berry, Esq., Beckley 

Mr. T. Berry, Brighton 

Mrs. Arthur ^igge, Brighton 

Miss Bishop, Herslanonoeux 

•W. H. Blaauw, Esq., F.S.A., Beechland 

•Mrs. Blaanwj^eechland 

•T. St Leser Blaauw, Esq., BeecUand 

John A. Blagden, Esq., Petworth 

W. Madoz BLickwood, Esq., F.B.A., 
Windsor 

Rev. Robt. Blakiston, Aahington Rectory 

Edgar Blaker, Esq., Lewes 

John Blaker, Esq., Lewes 

J. G. Blenoowe, Esq., M.P., Byneham 

R. W. Blencowe, Esq., The Hooke 

R. A. Blencowe, Esq., Chailey 

Robert Blessley, Esq.. A.I.B.A., East- 
bourne, and Fumival's Lin 

The Hon. and Rev. E. Y. Bligh, Rotherfield 

Rev. J. Rouse Bloxam, Beeding Priory 

F. S. Blunt, Esq., Worth 

•Sir John P. BoUeau, Bart., Y.P.S.A. 
Colonel Boldero, St. Leonards Forest 
Edward W. Bonham, Esq., Calais 
Captain Bonham, Chailev 
Rev. Carey H. Borrer, Hurst-Pierpoint 
John Borrer, Esq., Portslade 
Nath. Borrer, Es^., Pakyns Manor 
W. Borrer, Esq., jun., Cowfold 



Charles Bowdler, Es^., Runcton 

Rev. F. A Bowles, Singleton 

H. Boxall, Esq^ Wisborough Green 

W. P. BoxaU, Esq., Brighton 

Jacob Boys, Esq., 60, Grand Parade, 

Brighton 
Jas. Braby, Esq., Rudgwick 
Honble. Hy. Brand, M.P., Glynde 
Rev. G. Braithwaite, Chichester 
Earl of Brecknock. Bayham Abbey 
•Edw. Eynaston Bridger. Esq., Ix)ndon 
Rev. C. H. Bridges, Horsnam 
Wastel Brisco, Esq., Bohemia, Hastings 
Rev. T. Brockman. Beeohborouffh 
Rev. J. Broadwood, Lyne, Horuiam 
J. R. Bromley, Esq., Hastings 
Alex. Brown, Esq., Easebourne Prioiy 
Rev. Felix Brown, Stopham 
Rev. Hy. Brown, Pevensey 
John Bruce, Esq., V.P.S JL., London 
Rev. J. Collingwood Bruce, LL.D., F.S.A.. 

Newcaatle-on-Tyne 
Rev. W. Burnett. Tangmere 
Sir Percy Burrell, Bart., West Grinstead ] 
Walter W. Burrell, "Keq,, Ockenden 
Lady Burrell, West Gnnstead 
Henry Mathews Burt, Esq., London 
Alfred Burton, Em., St Leonard's 
Decimus Burton, Esq., London 
Mr. R. Butcher, Lewes 
G. Shide Butler, Esq., F.S.A., Rye 
Thomas S. Byius, Esq., M.D.,Cuckfield 
The Marquis Camden, E.G., Bayham 
The Earl of Chichester, Stanmer 
The Bishop of Chichester 
The Dean of Chichester 
•Lord Colchester, Kidbrook 
•Lord R. Cavendish, Compton Place 
•Hon. Robert Cunon, jun., Parham Park 
Wm. J. Campion, Eaq.^ Danny 
Rev. Heathcote Campion, Westmeston 
Hy. Campkin. Esq^ F.S.A., London 
Thos. Cane, Esq., Brighton 
Rev. James Carnegie, Seaford 
Mr. H. Carpenter, Hastinffs 
Chas. F. Carr, Esq., Cuckleld 
Samuel Carter, Esq., Rose Green, Battle 
Rev. C. W. Cass 
George Catt, Esq., Bishopston 
Heniy Catt Esq^ Brighton 
•W. Catt, Esq^ Briffhton 
R. Chapman, Esq., Lewes 
Miss Cayley, East Grinstead 
G. F. Chambers, Esq., Eastbourne 
Mr. Alexander Cheale, Uckfield 
•The Hon. Mrs. Chetwynd 
Chichester Library Society 
Chichester Literary Society andMechanics' 

Listitute 
W. Langham Christie, Esq.. Glyndeboum 
E. ChnrohiU, Esq., Tunbndge Wella 
Rev. G. A. Clarluon, Amberley 



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SUSSEX ARCHJEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 



XVU 



George P. Glarkson, Eaq., Tonbridge WellB 

Bobert Glutton, Esq., Beigate 

Henry Glutton, Esq., Beisate 

John Gobbett. Esq., M.P., Temple, London 

Mr. H. S. Golbran, Tunbridge Wells 

Mr. J. Golbran, Tnnbridge WelU 

Garlos Goleman, Esq., Brede 

Horace Goleman, Esq., Brede 

J. H. Gampion Coles, Esq^ Eastbonme 

Boyoe Harrey Combe, Esq., Oaklands, 

Battle 
Bev. J. Constable, Bing^er 
Ber. Thomas Cooke, Brighton 
Mr. H. E. Seott Coombs, Ashford 
W. Durrant Cooper, Esq., F.S. A., London 
Frederick Cooper, Esq.. Brighton 
Mrs. W. H. Cooper, Bnghton 
Bey. G. Miles Cooper, Wilmington 
Joseph Cooper, Esq., F.S.A., Lewes 
Bev. Tullie Comibwaite, Walthamstow 
G. B. Corner, Esq., F.S.A.. Southwark 
G. C. Conrthope, Esq., Whiligh 
W. G. Cripps, Esq., Tnnbridge Wells 
H. H. Cronk, Esq., Tnnbridge Wells 
James Crosby, Esq., F.S Jl., London 
John Crosby, Esq., Hastings 
Bev T. F. Crosse, DC.L., St. Leonards 
Bobert Crosskey, Esc^., Lewes 
Dr. Cunningham, Hailsham 
Mrs. Curling, Eskstboume 
Geo Curling, Esq., Croydon 
E. C. Cnrrey, Esq., Mailing Deanery 
H. Mascall Curteis, Esq., Windmill Hill 
The Duke of DevonsluTe 
Earl Delawarr, Buckhurst 
Hon. Bichard Denman 
Lady Domville 
A. Daintry, Esq., Petworth 
Edward Dakins, Esq., Pembury 
George D'Albiac, Esq., Brighton 
C. E. Dalrymple, Esq., F.S.A., Aberdeen 
Bev. G. F. Dancett, Aldingboum 
George Darby, Esq., inn., Warbleton 
Ber. G. H. Dashwood, Downham Market, 
Bev. W. H. Davey, Oxford 
Mr. Joseph Davey, Lewes 
Mr. Thomas Davey, Sonthover 
Mr. Thomas Davey. Lewes 
H. W. B. Davey, Esq.,. Worthing 
Mr. H. J. David, Tunbridse WeUs 
Warburton Davies, Est}., London 
Major-General F. Davies, Danehurst 
Mrs. F. Davies, Danehurst 
Walter Daws, Esq., Ewhurst 
John Day, Esq., Uckfield 
Miss Dealtry, JBolnore 
Mr. W. Delves, Tnnbridge Wells 
Mr.Wm. Henry Delves, Tnnbridge Wells 
E. S.Dendy, Esq^ Chester Herald, London 
W. H. Dennett, Esq^ Worthing 
Bev. B. N. Dennis, East Blatcbington 
C. Scrase Dickens, Esq., Coolhurst 
Mrs. Dickinson. Hnrst-Pierpoint 
•Sir C. W. Dilke, Bart., Sloaae Street, 

London 
•0. Wentworth Dilke, Esq. 
W. Dilke, Esq., Chichester 
Henry Dizon, Esq., Frankham 
Bev. H. Dixon, Ferring Yicarage 



Mrs. F. Dixon, Worthing 

Mrs. Q. Dixon, Lavant 

Miss Dixon, Wivelsfield 

J. G. Dodson. Esq., M.P., London 

C. Dorrien, Esq.. Sennioots 

Bev. Stair Douglas, Adsden House 

Andrew J. Doyle, Esq., Lewes 

David Drakeford, Esq.^ Dillions, Crawley 

Bobert Dawtrey Drewitt, Esq., Peppering 

Andrew Drnmmond, Esq., London 

Mr. John Dudeney, Lewes 

Mr. James DnmbnU, Ditchling 

B. Duncan, Em., M.D., Tunbndge Wells 

Henry Dunk, Esq.. Hastiuffs 

Mr. W. Dyer, Little Hampton 

Mr. Edward Dyer, Little Hampton 

Fredk. Earp, Esq^ Brighton 

Earl of Egmont, Cowdray 

Bight Hon. Thomas Erskine, Fii Grove, 

Eversley 
Sir Henry Ellis, E.H., F.B.S., F.S.A., 

London 
Bev. Arthur Eden, Tioehurst 
Bichard Edmunds, Esq .^Worthing 
T. Dyer Edwards, Esq^ Worthing 
Bev. E. Eedle, South Berstei 
Bev. J. C. Egerton, Burwash 
Bobert Elliott, Esq., Chichester 
Mr. Bobert Elliott, Tnnbridge Wells 
Joseph ElUs, Esq., Brighton 
W. Smith Ellis, Esq., Hyde Croft, Crawley 
Bev. E. B. Ellman, Berwick Bectory 
Frederick Ellman^ Esq., Battle [ards 

Howard W. Elphmstone, Esq., St. Leon- 
Mrs. Elwood, Clajrton Priory 
Mr. H. Miller Emary^ Eastbourne 
Mr. James Emary. Hastings 
Mr. W. English, Brighton 
•Thomas Evans, Esq., Lyminster 
Mr. W. Everest, Tnnbridge Wells 
Benjamin G. Everett, Esq^ Ditchling 
J. Walter K. Eyton, Esq.,F.S.A., London 
Bt. Hon. W. B. Seymour FitsgeraJd, M.P. 
Bev. Septimus Fairies, Lurgsoshall 
W. Fames, Esq., Lewes 
John Peter Fearon, Esq. 
George Field, Esq., Ashurst Park 
Jn. f^eld, Esq., Domden, Tnnbridge Wells 
W. Figg, Esq^ F.S.A., Lewes 
John Filder. Esq» Eastbourne 
Bichard Fisher, Esq., Midhorst 
Bev. W. A. Fitzhugh, Street 
W. H. Fitshugh, Esq., London 
John P. Fitz-Uerald, Esq., Boulge HaU, 

Woodbridge 
Maurice Purcell Fits Gerald, Esq., ditto 
J. B. Fletcher, Esq., Bognor 
•John Charles Fletcher. Esq., Dale Park 
Bev. James Foley, Wadhurst 
Bev. H. Foster, Selmeston Yicarage 
Bev. Bt. Foster, Burpham 
Bev. H. B. Foster, Hastings 
A.W.Franks, Esq., Dir.S.A., Brit. Mu- 
seum 
•Humphrey W. Freeland, Esq., M.P., 

Chichester 
Bev. P. Freeman, Millport, Greenock 
G. French, Esq., Bisden, Hawkhurst 
Charles Hay Frewen, Esq., MJP., Coghurst 



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ZVUl 



SUSSEX ABCHJBOLOGICAL SOCIETT. 



Thomas Freven, Eaq^ Brickwmll * 

George Farrell, f^q-, Bochester i 

YUooant Gage, Firle 

Hon, Col Gage, Rrie 

The Venerable Archd. Garbett^ Clajton | 

Jno. Gauuford, fiaq-j Brighton 

HisB Gainsford, Bnghton 

Mr. H. Gask, HaatiDgs 

G. Gatty, £hi., Felbridge Fvk 

Ber. G. Gaont, lafield Bectorj 

F. H. Gell, Esq., Lewes 
Inigo Gell, Eaq-i Ijewes 

George Gent, Bsq-, Moynes Park, Essex 

G. Gibbon, Esq., Richmond Herald, Tapton 
Andrew Gibbs, Esq., Holt Down 

Hiss Gillman, Beeehland 

WilL Ginner, Esq^ Hastings 

Borwood Godlee, Esq., Lewes 

Mrs. Gordon, Newtimber 

W. Gorham, Esq., Timbridge 

Ber. John Goring, Wiston Park 

Mrs. H. B. Gorring, Seaford 

Mr. W. Gosling, Heathficld 

Mr. 0. H. Gongh, HoUoway 

Ber. Joseph Gonld, Bnrwsksh 

James Gow, Esq., Fowlers Park 

J. Graham, Esq., Eastboome 

John Graham, Esq., Brighton 

Geo. Gkantham, Esq-, Brighton 

Bev. T. Grantham, Bram^r 

W. G. K. Gratwicke, Esq., Ham Honse 

Bichard Gravely, Esq., Newick 

Thomas Gravely, Esq., Cowfold 

Ber. H. Haddon Greene, Bogate 

Bev. 0. S. Green, Lewes 

Bev. B. 8. Grignon, Lewes 

B. Growse, Esq., Hastings 

Bev. Jno. Griffiths, Brighton College 

B. D. Hale, Esq., M.D.. Hastings 
Bev. B. C- Hales, Wooomancote 
Bev. G. Halls, Long Bennington 

C. T. Halstead, Esq., Chichester 
Edward Haylor, Esq., Belmont 

Bobt. Hanbory, Esq., M P., Eastbonme 

*John Alexander Hankey, Esq., Balcombe 

•Mrs. Hannington, Horst-Pierpoint 

Angostas Hare, Esq., Herstmonceox 

Bev. J. Hanson, Sntton Place, Seaford 

Bev. G. Harman, Theobalds, Herts. 

W. Harris, Esq., Worthing 

W. Harris, Esq., Wadhnrst 

W. H. F " Camberwoll 

H. D. H Cuckfield 

William P.S.A., Lewes 

W. H. E .A., Streatham 

Francis ,, Pimlioo 

H. V. H Tunbridge Wells 

Bev. G. Varbleton 

Bev. A. .u^.xu»^ jLT^rJle Street Green 

•William Hawkes, Esq. 

•Bev. B. Hawkins. Lamberhurst 

•J. Haywood Hawkins, Esq., Bignor Park 

Mr. A. Hawkins, Brighton 

Bev. W. Haydon, Midhurst 

Bev. J. Barrell Hayley, BrightUng 

Bev. Burroll Hayley, Catsfield 

Edw. Hayles, Esa., Belmont, Hastings 

H. Scott Hay waro, Esq. Folkington 

Mr. J. Hea£ Lewei 



A. Heakfl, Esq., F.SJL, Doctors' Com- 



G. G. Gilbert Heard, Esq., F.S.A., 
F.B.G.S., FB.S.L., London 

Mr. John Merrick Head, Eastbonme 

Captain James Henry, Blackdown 

G. Henty, Esq., Chichester 

Bobt. Henty, Esq., Brighton 

Bev. F. Hepbnm, Chailey 

•James Hepbnm, Esq., Tnrvill PLure 

Jesse Stonham Hessell, Esq., Bye 

Bobt, Hesketh, Esq., F.B.S., London 

•Rev. J. W. Hewett, Bloxam 

Mr T. Hide, Hastings Mechanics Institute 

•Chas. Hill, Esq., F.S.A., TheBocfaLWest- 

Edward Hillman, Esq., Lewes [Hothly 

Gordon M. Hills, Esq., London 

Rev. H. Hoare, Framfield 

Rev. H. R. Hoare, Framfield 
Rev. W. Hoare, Oakfield, Crawley 

J. Hodgkin, Esq., Shelleys, Lewes 

John Eliot Hodgkin, Esq., Liverpool 

Mr. H. Hollambv, Tunbridge Wells 

Rev. T. A. HolUnd. Poynings 

Rev. Chas. Holland, Petworth 

HoUand, Jas., Esq., Hyde Park Terrace 

Miss Hollist, Midhurst 

Henry Hobnan, Esq., East Hothly 

•A. J. Beresford Hope, Esq., Bedgebury 

Park 
Mr. C. Hope, Hastings 
Mrs. J. Hoper, Shermanbuiy 
Richard Hoper, Esq., Cowfold 
D. D. Hopkyns, Esq., F.S.A., Guildford 
T. Horton, Esq., Lewes 
James Howell, Esq., Brighton 
Bev. F .Howlett, St. Augustine's, Tioehurst 
W. E. Hubbard, Esq.^^orsham 
Hugh Haghes, Esq., Woodgate 
Mrs. HuuL Brook St., London 
Bernard Husey-Hunt, Esq., Lewes 
Bobert Henry Hurst, Esq., Horsham 
W. H. Tighlam Huskisson, Esq., Earthain 
Edward Hussey, Esq., Scotney Castle 
•Rev. — Hussey, St. Aldates, Oxford 
R. C. Hassey, Esq., F.S.A., London 
Rev. C. E. Hutchinson, Firle 
Rev. Thomas Hutchinson, Ditchling 
Mrs. Ingram, Ashcombe 
Hugh Ingram, Esq., Steyning 
Rev. H. M. Ingram, Steyning 
Miss Jackson, Brighton 
Mr. H. Jeffery, jun., Lewes 
W. Jollands, Esq., Buxhalls, Lindfield 
Rev. J. Jollands, Buxhalls, Lindfield 
Edw. W. Johnson, Esq.. Chichester 
Rev. £. Luttman Jonnson, Binderton 

House 
John Jones, Esq., Fletching [dale 

Rev. Henry Jones, Moltram-in-Longiden> 
Rev. J. Geo. Jones, Herstmonceux 
Mr. Robert Jull, Tunbridge Wells 
Rev. Mortimer Kelson, Folkington 
Mrs. Philip Kemp 
— Kettel, Esq., Camberwell 
W. King, Esq., Brighton 
Mrs. Kin^, London 
Joseph King^sq., Finsbury Circus 
Mrs. Joseph ^ing, Finsbury Ciroua 



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SUSSEX ABCILBOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 



XIX 



Thomas Eing^, Esq., Brighton 
Dr. Kinff, Bnghton 
Rev. H. M. Kirby, Mayfield 
B.ey. Beginald Kirbv, Hadlow Down 
Mm. Kirby, West Hothly 
Joseph Knight, Esq., East Lavant 
Q. Knott, E8(^, Gackfield 
The Ber. Dr. Juiowles, Grantham 
Mr. Bichard Lambe, Lewes 
Senry C. Laoe, Esq., Hiddleton 
J. 6. Langham, Escj., Uckfield 
Key. H. lAtham, Fittleworth 
Wm. John Law, Esq., London 
James Lawrence, Esq., Battle 
Charles Lawrence, Esq^ Battle 
J. Wise Lawson, Esq., Gamberwell 
Miss Leach, Glapham 
H. E. Legge, Era., Lavant 
Rev. H. Legge, Lavant 
Lewes Libnry Society^ 

Lewes Mechanics^ Institntion 

Mrs. Leslie, West Hall, Aberdeen 

Mr. E. Leney, Lewes 

•Thomas Lewin^sa., Ifield 

Rey. John Ley, Waluron Bectory 

Rey. James Liptrott. Findon 

John Lister. E8q|., Waminglid 

Bev. G. A. M. Litle, Lewes 

B. A. C. Loader, Esq., London 

8ir Charles Locock, Tnnbridge Wells 
liieut.-CoL G. E. Carr Lloyd, Lancing 
MissTVlney Long, Bolney 
Miss Emma Tylney Long^ Bolnev 
Mr. John Longley, Tnnbndge Wells 
Mr. E. Fry Loof, Tnnbridffe Wells 
Stephen Lowdell, Esq., Lindfield 
M. A. Lower, Esq., F.S.A., Lewes 
W. Loftns Lowndes, Esq., Eastbonme 
J. O. Laxford, Esq., Higham 
Bev. G. Lnxford, Felpli^m. 
John Clay Lacas, Esq., F.S.A, Lewes 

C. B. F. Lutwidge, Esq., Tnnbridge Wells 
Hon. Francis G. Molynenx, Txmbr. Wells 
liady Miller, Proyle Park 

W. Townley Mitford, Esq., M.P., Pits Hill 
Bev. T. A. Maberly, Ouckfield 
Hajor MacAdam, Cackfield 
Bev. J. Ommaney McCarroffher, Nnthnrst 
•D. Mackinlay, Esq., PoUokshields, Ghu- 
John Macrae, Esq.. Lewes [gow 

Lient.-Colonel McQneen, Chailey 
J. 6. Malcoln^ Esq^ London 
F. Manning, Esq., Leamington 
Mr. Thomas Martin, Cliffe, Lewes 
Philip Martinean, Esq., Hastings 
W. ELayley Mason, Esq., Chichester 
Joseph Mayer, Em., F.S.A., Liverpool 
Henry Maynard, Esq., Oakfield Lodge 
Bev. T. Medland, Steyning 
Miss Melvil, Henfield Lodge 
Bev. W. Michell, Brighton 
B. G. P. Minty, Esq., Petersfield 
Bev. H. Mitchell, Bosham 
George MoUneax, Esq., Lewes 
Mrs. Monk, Lewes 
Thos. Monk, Esq ., Lewes 
Miss Moore, Byae 

Bev. E. Moore, Weston, SpcJding, Linooln- 
ahize 



W. Morgan, Esq., Uckfield 

Frederick Morgan, Esq., Henfield 

— Morsan, Esq., Petworth 

Mr. John Montier, Tnnbridge Wells 

W. Mnnday. Esq., Worthing 

Lady Dorothy Neville, Petersfield 

W. North, Esq., M.P., Westminster 

Frederick North, Esq., M.P.^astings 

Bev. Charles W. A. iNapier. Wiston 

H. F. Napper, Esq., Gnildford 

Mr. William Nash, Tnnbrid^ Wells 

Mrs. F. B. Newman, Cambridge 

John Newton, Escu Tnnbridge Wells 

J. Newton, Esq., Horley 

C. H. Newinffton, Esq., Tioehorst 

John GoaghNicholB,Esq.. F.S A., Brighton 

Bev. W. L. Nichols, Bath 

Mrs. Nicholson, Lewes 

T. J. Noakes, Esq., London 

Charles Noakes, Esa., Framfield 

Mr. J. Noakes, Chiddingly 

William Noakes, Esq., Tioehnrst 

Mr. William Noakes, Tnnbridge Wells 

Capt. Noble, Forest Lodge, Maresfield 

Bev. W. Nonrse, Clapbam 

T. H. Noyes, Esq., Paxhill, Lindfield 

T. Herbert Noyes, Esq., jnn., Paathill, 

Lindfield 
•The Bishop of Oxford, F.S.A. 
Archdeacon W. Brnere Otter, Cowfold 
Bev. James O'Brien, Brighton 
Bev. John Olive, Hellingiy 
Mrs. W.OUiver. Eastbonme 
•E. L. Ormerod, Esq., M.D., Brighton 
•Frederic Onvry, Esq., Tr.8.A., London 
Col. A. J. Beynell Pack, C.B., Avisford 
Mrs. Pack, Avisford 

Sir Woodbine Parish, F.G.S., St. Leonards 
Henry Padwick, Esq., Horsham 
Lt.-Clol. Paine, Patcham 
Cornelius Paine, Esq., jnn., Snrbiton 
W. D. Paine, Esq., Beiffate 
T. PapiUon, Esq., Crowlinrst Park 
G. de Paris, Esq., Brighton 
Bev. Charles Parker, Bodiam 
Bev. M. Parrington, Chichester 
Mr. J. L. Parsons, Lewes 
Mr. C. Parsons, Lewes 
Bev. A Parsons, Lewes 
Henry Paxton, Esq., Westdean 
Apslev PeUatt. Esq., Cnckfield 
•Etngh Penfold, Esq., Bnstington 
Bev. H. Petley, Wilminffton 
Barclay Phillips. Esq., Brighton 
John Phillips, Esq., Hastings 
Mr. John Phillips, Worthing 
Bev. B. W. Pierpoint, Eastbourne 
Bev. Francis Allen Pig^tt, Worthing 
Bev. C. Pilkington, Chichester 
Manaton Pipon, Esq., Deerswood 
•Bev. T. Pitman, Eastbourne 
•John Henry Plowes, Esq., London 
Bev. W. Plucknett, Horsted Keynes 
Mrs. Postlethwaite, Harting 
Bev.T. Baden Powell, Newick 
Bev. William Powell, Newick 
Arthur Powell, Esq., Dorkin^f 
James D. PowelL Esq., Newiok 
Gharlee Powell, Esq., Speldhnist 



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XX 



SUSSEX ABC£L£OLOGICAL SOCIETY. 



Ber. Richmond Powell, South Stoke 

Roy. John Pratt. Sedlescombe 

William Press, Esq., Heathfield 

John E. Price, Esq., London 

C. L. Prince, Esq., Uckfield 

Mr. E. Pnllinger, Lewes 

Eev. P. De Pntron, Rodmill 

Rev. J. Qaintin. Hastings 

James Ramsbotham, Esq.. Growborongh 

C. W. Rawdon, Esq., Bath 

Mrs. Rawdon, Bath 

Patrick F. Robertson, Esq., Hastings 

R. G. Rttper, Esq., Chichester 

Rer. H. Reeks^ Angmerinff 

G. Gibson Riohai^on, Esq., Grarlands, 

Reigate 
Mr. J. M. Richardson, Tanbridge Wells 
Mr. A. H. Richardson, Tnnbridge Wells 
T. S. Richardson, Esq., Littlin^n 
*Samael Richards, Em., Shalimar, Acton 
John Rickman, Esq., Lewes 
Rev. R. Ridsdale, TilUngton 
Rev. Albert James Roberts, Wadhorst 
*Rer. Divie Robertson, Beedin^ 
Dr. Lockhart Robertson, Lunatic Asylum, 

Hayward's Heath 
A. Robinson, Esq., Lavant Hoase 
Rev. Daniel Rock, D.D., London 
James Rock, Esq., Hastings 
J. H. Rogers, Esq., East Grinstead 
John W. Roper, jBsq., Frant 
G. Roots, Esq., London 
Col. Holden Rose, Fanners, Wivelsfield 
T. Ross, Esq., Hastings 
By. Ross, Esq., F.S.^., Swansoombe 
Mr. E. Roswell, Lewes 
Mr. L. Russell, Hastings 
Henry Radyard, Esq.. Echin^ham Lodge 
Rev. Henry John Rnsh, Rustington 
Mr. Albion Russell, Lewes 
Rev. J. G. Russell, Lewes 
The Earl of Sheffield, Sheffield Place 
Dowager Lady Stanley of Alderley 
•Sir John Villiers Shelley, Bart, M.P., 

Maresfield Park 
Sir Sibbald D. Scott, Bt., F.S.A., London 
Evelyn Philip Shirlev, Esq., M.A., F.S.A., 

M.P., Eatmgton House, Warwickshire 
Alderman Salomons, M.P., Tunbr. Wells 
The Rev. J. J. Saint, Tunbridge Wells 
Rev. W. de St. Groix, Glynde 
Rev. G. St. Quint in, St. Leonards-on-Sea 
A. E. Sampson, Esq^ Lewes 
Thomas Sanctuary, £sq., Horsham 
Rev. R. £. Sanderson. Shoreham 
Major Sandham, Wasnington 

F. T. Sanger, Esq., Alfriston 
Rev. H. Rule Sarrel, Baloombe 
Mr. Js. Sanders, Hailsham 

J. H. Sdater, Esq., Newick Park 

G. Scrivens, Esq., Hasting 
Wm. Scrivens, Esq.. Hastings 
Rev. E. J. Selwyn, Blackheath 
Warden Sergison, Esq., Guckfield Park 
Rev. W. Sergison, Slaugham 

Gapt. Settle, R.S.A., Southover 

•W. Drew Lucas Shadwell. Esq., Fairlight 

Charles Shard. Esck. Brighton 

John Sharp, Esq., Tonbndge Wells 



Upper 



Dean 
bon 



•hurst 
Shoreham 



Henry James Sharpe, Esq., Hartley Winfc- 

ney, fiLants 
Thomas Shiftier, Esa., Uckfield 
Rev. G. Groxton Shiffner, Hamsey 
G. J. Shoppee, Esq^ London 
J. T. Simes, Esq., Brighton 
Henry Simmons, Esq., Seaford 
T. Fox Simpson, Esq., Tunbridge Wells 
Rev. H. W. Simpson, Bexhill 
William Slater, £sq., London 
Edward Slee, Esq., London 
H. L. Sr--'- ^ - *-»-— -T 
Wm. Ty 

Grrosv( 
Charles 
Samuel I 
W. Fost 
W. J. Si 
Francis 
Frederic 
Rev. Ha 

Rev. Henry Smith, Densworth 
John Smith, Esq. 
R. Norton Smith, Esq., Worthing 
Mr. J. Russell Smith, London 
Mr. John Smith, Lewes 

E. W. Smyth, Esq., Wadhurst 
Lewis Smythe. Esq., M.D., Lewes 
Matthew Snooke, Esq., Gmchester 
Mr. S. Southerden, Hailsham 
Rev. E. Southwood. Newhaven 
Thomas Spencer ^ Esqk, Wamingcamp 
Rev. J. H. Sperhng, Westboume 

H. G. W. Sperling, Esq., Pembury 
G. SpurreU, Esq., Dartford 
Rev. F. SpurrelL Witham 

F. W. Staines, Es^., St. Leonards-on-Sea 
Rev. A. Stead, Ovin^dean . 

W. Stedman. Esq., jun., Horsham 

J. P. StUlwell, Esq., Battle 

Sir Walter Stirling, Bart., Groombridge 

Miss Stone. Herstmonceux 

F. Stone, Esq., Tunbridge Wells 

W. Stone, Esq., Tunbridge Wells 

Rev. John Streatfeild, Uckfield 

Rev. R. S. Satton, Rype 

Rev. G. A. Swainson, College. Chichester 

Rev. J. T. A. Swan, Guckfield 

•John Swift, Esq., Eastbourne 

Miss Syms, Horsham 

Lord Talbot de Malahide, F.S.A. 

Rev. Sir Henry Thompson, Bart., Frant 

W. Tanner, Esq., Patcham 

Rev. Ralph R. Tatham, Dallington 

W. E. Taylor, Esq., M.D., Pulborough 

Rev. F. Teed, Lewes 

John Terry, Esq., Brighton 

W. Broderick Thomas, Esq., Ratton 

F. F. Thomas, Esq., Ratton 

Rev. Arthur Thomas. Rottingdean 

W. Thomson, Esq., Sydenham 

Archibald Thorpe, Esq., Hasting 

Frederick Ticehurst, Esq., Hastings 

Mr. B. H. Thorpe, Battle 

W. J. TiUey, Esq., The Franchise, Burwash 

Wm. Tite, Esq^ M.P., F.S.A., London 

Mr. F. Tooth, Brighton 

F. R. Tothill, Esq., Seaford 

•J. J. Toorle, Esq., London 



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SUSSEX ARCHJBOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 



XXI 



Mr. Qeotge Towner, Cliffe 

Kichard N. Trew, Esq., Steyning 

W. Foard Tribe, Esq., Worthing 

Bev. T. Trocke, Brighton 

Rev. E. Trollope, F.S.A., Sleaford 

B. Trotter, Esq., Twyford Lodge 

O. F. Trower, Esq., WeBtminrter 

Rev. J. 0. Tuffnell. Edbnrton 

Bey. E. Turner, Maresfield 

J. Singer Tnmer, Esq., Ghjnffton, Seaford 

Bev. J. R. Turner, Maregfield 

Mrs. John Turner, Hurst-Pierpoint 

Boger Turner, Eaq., M.D., Petworth 

Nicholas Tyacke, Esq., M.D., Chichester 

J. B. D. Tyssen, Eaq^ F.S.A., Brighton 

A. D. Tyssen, Esq., Brighton 

Lord H. Vane, M.P., Battle Abbey 

Rey. E. Venables, Boifchurch 

Rey. P. Vincent, Slinfold 

Rey. T. S. Vogan, Walberton 

Sarah, Countess of Waldegraye 

Lady Victoria Lon^ Wellesley, Bolney 

Hon. and Rey. Reginald Saclnrille West, 

Withyham 
Hon. Percy Wyndham, M.P., Petworth 
Hon. Miss Wyndham, Petworth 
Dowager Lady Webster. St. Leonards 
Sir T. Maryon Wilson, Bart., Searles 
G. H. M. Wagner, Em., St. Leonards 
J. H. Wagner, Esq., Hemmingfold 
•W. S. Walford, 'Seq^ F.8.A., London 
R©y. G. A. Walker, Chidham 
•W. H. Wall, Esq., Pembury 
Rev. W. Wallinger, Tunbridge Wells 
Rev. H. Walters, L.M., Hastings 
William Wansey, Esq^ F.S.A., Bognor 
Reginald A Warren, Esq., Preston Place, 

Arundel 
Rey. W. Watkins, Chichester 
Edward Waugh, Esq., Cnckileld 



•Albert Way, Esq., F.S.A. Wonham 

Manor 
•Richard Weekes, Esq» Hurst-Pierpoint 
George Weekes, Esq., Hurst-Pierpoint 
Harrison Weir, Esc^, Peckham 
Rey. H. Wellesley, D.D., Principal of New 

Inn Hall, Oxford, Hurstmonceux 
Lord West, Bnc^hurst 
F. G. West, Esq., Horham Hall, Thazted 
N. Wetherell, Esq., Hurst Green 
Ed. Weston, Esq., Homsey 
Captain Rd. Wetherell, Tunbridge Wells 
Henry Whitley, Esq., Tunbridge Wells 
B. Webster Whistler, Esq., Hailsham 
Richard Whitboum, Esq., Godalmin^ 
Rey. Benjamin Whitelock, Groombndge 
T. Whitfeld, Eaq., Lewes 
George Whitfeld, Esq., Lewes 
P. H. Williamson, Esq., Newick 
Bey. J. S. Whiting, Storrington 
John Stone Wigg, Esq., Tunbridge Wells 
•CoL Wilkinson, Lindfield 
P. Richard Wilkinson, Esq., Brighton 
J. B. Wilmot. Esq., M.D., Tunbridge Wells 
Miss Win^aeid, Oxford 
Rey. D. Winham, Eridge 
HenryWood, Esq., Tunbridge Wells 
John Wood, Esq., Hickstead Place 
W. L. Woods, Esq., Chilgroye 
Rey. G. H. Woods, Shopwyke House 
Joseph Woods, Esq., P.SA., Lewes 
Mrs. Thos. Woodward, Winkinhorst 
R. WoUaston, Esq., Reigate 
Mr. Wm. Wren, Tunbridge Wells 
Rey. John J. P. Wyatt, Hawley, Bagshot 
•Hugh Penfold Wvatt, Esq.. London 
Rey. Henry Wynch, Tnnbndge Wells 
Thomas Young, Esq., Camberwell 
Edmund Young, Esq., Steyning 
William Blaokman Young, Esq., Hastings 



Sonontrj 
R. Breton, Esq., Peyensey 
H. Charma, President des Antiqnaires de I 

Normancde, Caen 
H. TAbb^ Cochet, Dieppe 
M. FAbb^de Corde, Buree, Nenfchatel 
Hugh Welch Diamond, £8q.,M.D., F.S.A, 

Twickenham House, Hon. Photographer 



JpemfrcTS. 

Mr. Thomas Huson, Lewes 
Charles Roach Smith, Esq., F.S.A., Strood, 

Kent 
Rey. F. Spurrell, Witham 
Rey. E. Trollope, F.S.A., Secretary to the 

Lincolnshire Architectural Society 
Mr. Thomas Wells, Hurst-Pierpoint 



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BULES. 

1. That the Society shall avoid all topios of relig^oaa or political controversy, 
and shall remain independent, thoogh wiUing to co-operate with similar Societies 
by friendly communication. 

2. That the Society shall consist of Members and Honorary Members. 

3. That candidates for admission be proposed and seconded by two Members of 
the Society, and elected at any Meeting of the Committee, or at a General Meeting. 
One black ball in five to exclude. 

4. That the Annual subscription of Ten Shillings shall become due on the 1st day 
of January, or £5 be paid in lieu thereof, as a composition for life. Subscriptions 
to be paid at the Lewes Old Bank, or by Post-office order, to Gborob Molineux, 

iJMlfcMMMB^HMliiMiiBfcMiiiiMi I fn ■ t m . ' ■ 



■w«««^U VA 



accurate information as to the objects of local interest, and for the receipt of Sub- 
scriptions, and the distribution of Circulars and Books ; and that such Local Secre- 
taries be ex-officio Members of the Committee. 

16. That Meetings for the purpose of reading papers, and the exhibition of anti« 
quities, be held at such times and places as the Committee may determine. 

17. That the Secretary shall keep a record of the proceedings of the Society, to bo 
communicated to the General Meeting. 



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ERRATA ET CORRIGENDA. 



Page 3, note a—For Kirkletfrington, read Kirkleodngton. 
„ 16, line 27— For age, read ago. 
„ n, last line but one— For Bayley, read Baily. 
„ S8, line 6— For Walker, read Mather. 
„ 86, line 9— For Fktraat^ read TVurant 
„ 117, line 6— For prebendary, read prebend. 
„ 139, line 10— For Laren and Barrand, read lAvers and Barraud. 

ibidf not4 28— For have better, read have been better. 
„ 169, line 9— For p. 67, read p. 47. 
„ 178, Une SO— For Pftt«rtB, read Patos. 
„ 182, head-line— For Isabella, read JohamuL 
„ 188, fM>^«— For paraphonalia, read paraphernalia. 
„ 230, last line— For ErminMs, read Ermine*. 
„ 244, line 12.— For diem, read diemq : ^ 

„ 252, Une 12.— For With, read While : the point after speaks, ahonld be 
a comma. 



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OLD PETWORTH HOUSK. 



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Sn^^tx ^rti^HeoIogtcal Collections. 



p E T w o R T H/ 



By KOGER TUBNEE, M.D, 



The earliest allusion to Petworth is to be found in the 
Domesday Survey, where it is called Peteorde, and described 
as an allodial, or independent manor, held in Saxon times by 
Eddeva, under Edward the Confessor* Robert (that is 
Robert Montgomerie, Earl of Shrewsbury) held it at the 
time (1081 to 1086) under Earl Roger, when it was rated 
at nine hides, or about 1080 acres ; of this land two hides, or 
360 acres, with two villains and one borderer, are stated to 
be held by two foreigners. Even at this early period it pos- 
sessed a church, a mill worth 20s., 1620 eels, the produce 
probably of the river Rother which flows just below Petworth, 
and an article of its commerce, 29 acres of meadow, and a 
wood capable of affording pannage for 80 hogs. It had two 
hagae or shops in the city of Chichester, worth 20s. each. The 
value of the manor in the time of the Confessor was £18, 
which afterwards declined, probably from the disturbing 
effects of the Norman invasion, to 10s; but at the time of the 
Survey it had returned to its full Saxon worth. The manor 
continued in the possession of Earl Robert until the year 
1102, when, in consequence of his rebellion, it was forfeited 

1 [The reading of this paper, pre- August 1861, was omitted for want of 
pared for the meeting at Petworth in time.] 

XIV. B 

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2 PETWOBTH. 

to the Crown, and passed with the great lordship of Arundel. 
King Henry I. settled that lordship in dower upon his Queen 
Adeliza, and she carried it to William de Albini, whom she 
married after the king's death, and to whom she gave the 
Earldom and castle of Arundel. Under this Earl the honour 
and manor of Petworth were held by the queen's brother, 
Joceline of Louvaine (younger son of Godfrey, Duke of Bra- 
bant) by knight's service. He was Castellan of Arundel 
Castle, by the tenure of which office he was bound to defend it 
in the event of a siege for forty days. The charter of Henry 
II., only confirming this grant when he was Duke of Nor- 
mandy, is still in the possession of the Duke of Northumber- 
land. Its date is 1152. 

We next find this honour in the possession of William 
de Perci, the third in descent from the powerful Norman 
nobleman, who accompanied the Conqueror to this country 
as his personal friend, and who took an active part in 
the struggle which ended in the battle of Hastings ; he held 
under the Crown 16i knight's fees of the Honour of Arundel, 
or about 10,200 acres. The name Algernon, which many of 
his descendants have borne, was given to this William from 
the largeness of his whiskers — alsgernon being the same as 
" aux moustaches " in modem French. He died at Jerusalem 
in the first crusade. 

In the scutage 8 Henry III. this honour had 21 knights, 
fees belonging to it. 

William had two daughters, the younger of whom, Agnes, 
married Joceline of Lovaine ; the elder died without issue, 
and the vast Perci estates in and about Petworth, and else- 
where in Sussex, became vested in him ; in consequence of 
which he took, by her earnest desire, and with the full con- 
currence of the Queen, his sister, the name of Perci. From 
him were descended the successive Lords of Petworth of that 
name, " whose fame is too widely blown through all parts of 
the world where English worth hath been known," to render 
any particular notice of them here needful. Scarcely is 
there an event of kny importance recorded in the annals of 
our country in which the Perci of the day did not tak e a 
distinguished part. They were Barons of Petworth until 
the year 1377. 



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PETWORTH. 



Their descent is as follows : 



William, Baron de Peroi, 8?= Adeliza de Tonbridge, 

8rd in descent dr. of William, Earl of Clare. 

Agnes de Perci=p= Joceline de Louvaine, 
who assumed the 
name of Peroi. 



n, Henry de Perci, = 
founder of Salley 
Abbey, in Craven. 



5i=pJ 



Isabel,' only dr. of Adam de Brus,' fourth 
Lord of Skelton, in Cleveland. 



III. 



William de Perci, = 
ob: 1245. 



: Joane, dr. and coheiress 
of William de Brewere, 
by whom he had four drs. 



IV. Henry de Peroi, 



Ellen, dr. of Ingelram 
de Balliol. 



ob: 1272. 



J 



Lady Alianor Plantagenet or Warren, 

dr. of John, Earl of Warren. 

She married again. 



VL 



VIL 



Henry de Perci, =p Lady Alianor Fitz-Alan, 
3rd soD,« I dr. of John, Earl of 
ob: 1315. Arundel, ob: 1328. 

I 

Henry de Perci, =p Idonea, dr. of Roger, Baron Clifford 
ob: 1352. and Vesci, ob: 1365. 

Henry de Perci, =f= Lady Mary Plantagenet, dr. of Henry 
ob: 1368. Earl of Lancaster, grandson of 

I Henry III., ob: 1362. 

Henry de Perci, 
created Earl of Northumberland 
in 1377, ob: 1408.* 

Of Henry the 5th Baron there is a fine seal taken from 
his celebrated letter to Pope Boniface, in which he declares 
the independence of the British Crown, which is printed in 
Dallaway's Western Sussex, vol. ii., p. 303. 



' On this marriage, Adam de Bnis gave 
to Henry de Percy the manor of Kirkle- 
drington, in Cleveland, on the condition 
that **the said Henry and his heirs 
should repair to Skelton Castle every 
Christmas-day, and lead the lady of that 
castle from her chamber to the chapel to 
mass, and from thence to her chamber 
again, and after dining with her to 
depart." — BeckwUh^s BUmnfs ATwient 
Te-nvres, ed, 1815,^. 432. 

3 The Bruces were founders of Guis- 
borough Priory, and had paid in 1185 
the sum of 250 marks for the custody of 
Robert de Peirci. Adam de Brus dying 
circa 1196, was buried in that Priory. — 
See an elaborate Pedigree in Ord'i Clever 
land, p, 245. Skelton Castle subse- 
quently belonged to Steme^s friend, John 



Hall Stevenson (Eugenius) and has de- 
scended to his grandson, John Thomas 
Wharton, who is descended from Bobert 
de Brus, uncle of Adam. The arch of 
the chapel is still standing. 

* William and John, the elder sons, 
died without issue. 

* David de Stratbolgi,=f= 
EarlofAthol. I 



Elizabeth, eldest dr. 

and coh., bom at 

Gainsborough, co. 

Line, 1st week of 
Lent, 35 Edw. 3rd, 
1361. She married 

Thomas de Percy. 



B 2 



Philippa, youngest 

dr. and coh., bom 

at Gainsborough 

afd., and there 

bapt. 21st March, 

36 Edw. 3rd, 1362. 

Married Kalph 

Percy. 



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4 PBTWOBra. 

In one of the windows in the Perci Chancel of Petworth 
church were the arms of Perci quartering Brus. The shield 
has been taken away, but the legend in Grothic characters on 
a label remains, " Perci and Brus." There is a fine monument 
to the memory of Idonea, wife of the 6th Baron in Beverley 
Church. 

At the death of Henry Perci, father of the renowned Hot- 
spur, and first Earl of Northumberland, the family estates 
were forfeited, and granted to John Duke of Bedford ; but 
again restored by Henry V. to Hotspur's son, who was tea 
years old only at the time of his father's death, and who sub- 
sequently became the second Earl. 

The sword used by Hotspur at the battle of Shrewsbury, 
where he was slain, is still preserved at Petworth House. 

Josceline, the 11th Earl, having failed in male issue, 
Elizabeth, the elder of his two daughters became Baroness 
Perci. She is remarkable for having been twice widowed 
and married a third time before she had attained the age 
of sixteen. Her third husband was Charles Seymour the 
sixth, and well-known "proud" Duke of Somerset, on 
whose death the Petworth estates passed under her mother's 
marriage settlement to Algernon the seventh duke. His 
son Algernon, who, in right of his father, became Duke 
of Somerset, having previously succeeded at her death to the 
Barony of Perci, in right of his mother, was created by 
letters patent, dated the 23rd of George II. (1740) Baron 
Warkworth and Earl of Northumberland, which last title 
was in default of heirs male to devolve on Sir Hugh Smyth- 
son, Bart., who had married his only daughter Elizabeth, and 
their heirs male. In the same year he was also made Baron 
Cockermouth and Earl of Egremont, with remainder, under 
the same restriction as to heirs male, to his nephew Charles 
Wyndham, the eldest son of his sister, lady Catherine Sey- 
mour, who had married Sir William Wyndham, Bart., of 
Orchard Wyndham in the county of Somerset, the celebrated 
statesman in the reign of Queen Anne, and whose character 
Pope has so well drawn in the lines : 

" How can I Pult'ney, Chesterfield forget, 
While Roman spirit charms, and Attic wit : 
Or Wyndham, just to freedom and the throne, 
The master of our passions, and his own." 



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PETWORTH. 5 

Srr Hugh Smythson thus became Earl of Northumberland 
in 1750; and was created duke of the same county in 1766, 
and Sir Charles Wyndham became Earl of Egremont, upon 
whose death in 1763, the estates and title passed to George 
O'Brien, his son, then only twelve years old ; and by him, who 
died in 1837, at the advanced age of 85 years, they were be- 
queathed to the present possessor. 

The Jurisdiction of the Honour or Lordship of Petworth 
was at an early period very extensive ; comprehending un- 
der it more than forty manors; and various surveys, one 
as late as 1609, shew, that up to that time there had been 
no diminution of the number. 

That the Barons Perci had a house at Petworth from the 
time of their coming into possession of the estate, does not 
admit of doubt. The earliest evidence, however, which we 
have of the fact is of the date of the 2nd of lEdward II. 
(1309), when a licence was granted to Henry de Perci, the 
first Baron of Alnwick, and the then Lord of Petworth to en- 
able him to embattle his residence.^ 

The exact site of this house is not known ; but Dallaway 
supposes it to have been on the natural mound of earth ad- 
joining the present house, and now included in the park ; and 
in confirmation of this opinion he alludes to some very fine 
chesnut trees standing upon it, now fast going to decay, and 
which are evidently the growth of many centuries. This 
conjecture seems to derive support from the superior elevation 
of this ground to that on which the house and town stand; so 
that when the town is approached on the eastern side, these 
trees appear above the tops of the houses. At what time 
this krenelated residence was suffered to go to decay is 
equally unknown. As the principal residences of the Earls of 
Northumberland were in the north of England, it is not 
very likely that they should have cared to reside much at 
Petworth, and, in consequence, they would not feel sufficient 
interest in the original manor house to induce them to keep 
it up. Its dimensions, too, might have been, and probably 
were, such as to render it inadequate to the accommodation re- 
quired by these potent Earls, with their families and retainers. 

« See Su88 : Arch : Coll : Vol. xiii., p. 109. 



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s. 


d. 


16 


6 











10 


2 


6 



6 PETWORTH. 

A castle at Petworth appears to have been in existence 
even as late as the time of Elizabeth ; for in an account of 
the fees paid during her reign to the different officers of the 
Crown in Sussex, given in vol. ix., p. 107, of this Society's 
Collections, from a MS. in the library of the Taylor Institu- 
tution at Oxford, those stated to be paid under the head Pet- 
worth are as follows : 
To the— 

£ 

Constable of the castle 22 

Keeper of the house 2 

Do. of the park 3 

Master of the game there ... 18 
It was not then till some time during the sixteenth cen- 
tury that the Earls of Northumberland turned their attention 
to the provision of a house here in all respects suited to their 
requirements as a residence. By whom the first house was 
built, after the embattled building had been abandoned, is not 
known. We have it, however, upon record, that Henry 
Perci, the 8th Earl, was the first to enlarge and repair it. 
Dallaway supposes this house to have stood nearer to the 
town than the present. But in this he was mistaken, as is 
clearly shown by a water coloured drawing of it in " the 
Northumberland Household Book,"^ a folio copy of which is in 
the library of Petworth House— which drawing is elaborately 
made from a picture in Sion House, of the existence of 
which Dallaway, possibly, was not aware ; and which shows 
that that house and the present occupied the same^ or very 
nearly the same site ; the difference between them being this 
only — that the old house consisted of two wings placed at 
right angles to each other, one of which, like the present 
house, fronted to the west, and the other to the south. Be- 
tween the years 1576 and 1582, this earl appears to have 
added greatly to it. The stables and riding house which he 
built were remarkable for the largeness of their dimensions. 

7 The " Northumberland Household bleman vras remarkable in his day for 

Book " records, aroonf? other curious the magnificence of his style of living, 

matter, the details of the annual ex pen- and for the costliness and splendour of 

diture of Henry Algernon, fifth Earl of his establishment In this he exceeded 

Northuml>erland, at his castles of Wresil all his contemporaries. See Hall's Ohro- 

and Loconfield, in Yorkshire. This no- nicies, and Leland's Collectanea. 



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PETWOBTH. 7 

Fuller, in speaking of them in his book of worthies, says: — 
" Petworth, the house of the Earls of Northumberland is most 
famous for a stately stable, the best of any subjects in Chris- 
tendom, as it affords stabling in state for threescore horses, 
with all necessary accommodation." The stables are indi- 
cated in the drawing as standing about a quarter of a mile 
from the house on a portion of the ground now occupied by 
the lake. 

A remarkable confirmation of this was brought to light a 
few weeks ago. In digging to lay in a drain for the purpose 
of conveying water from the south end of this lake across the 
park to the dog-kennels, the workmen came down, about six 
feet below the surface, to a large barrel-drain, which must, 
unquestionably, have been the main-drain of these celebrated 
stables. 

They are represented as quadrangular. The ground be- 
tween them and the house was laid out, in accordance with 
the style of the day, in terraces, parterres, clipped shrubs, 
and gravelled walks; the terraces, affording extensive views 
of the surrounding scenery. 

The following memorandum, entered in one of the paro- 
chial registers, records the reparation and enlargement of this 
house:— " Henry Percy Earl of Northumberland began in 
1577 to repair the Honour" — by which is meant the man- 
sion house — " of Petworth, and also to make his new work of 
building of the same honour to his great charge, and brought 
the water into every office of the said house." What that 
" great charge " to himself was we learn from an entry in 
the Burrell MSS. in the British Museum taken from the 
Petworth muniments, which states that the house was begun 
in 1576, and that the sum expended upon it in that year 
was £2,829 16s., and from that time to the year 1582, 
£4,126 9s. 8d. — a large sum in those days. 

It was in the old house that Edward VI. was entertained for 
five days in 1552 — Dallaway and others say by this Earl; 
but this is incorrect, as has been shown by Mr. John Gough 
Nichols in the Collections of our Society, vol. x., p. 201. The 
Percy ownership of the property, he tells us, had ceased about 
fi.fteen years before King Edward's visit, Petworth being 
among the estates vested in the Crown by an Act of the 27 th 



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8 PETWOBTH. 

of Henry VIII., ® in the event of Earl Henry dying with- 
out issue, which happened in 1537. 

The Crown then was in possession of these estates during the 
whole of this youthful sovereign's reign ; and as Henry Earl of 
Arundel was then resident at Shillinglee, and held the Crown 
office of " Master of the Game," at the time of this Royal 
visit, the charge of the King's entertainment must, Mr. 
Nichols thinks, have fallen in a great measure on him. Nor 
was Petworth again restored to the Percies until the 4th 
and 5th of Philip and Mary. The last remaining tower of 
this house was taken down by the father of the late noble 
owner of the estate. 

The present beer and wine cellars were also a part of 
the old house. The length of this vault, Mr. Upton informs 
me, is about 150, and its width 20 feet. It is arched over 
with stone, and ribbed : the height of the walls from the 
flooring to the springing of the arch being ten feet three 
inches, and to the crown of the arch eighteen feet four inches. 
The thickness of the outside wall is eleven feet eight inches. 
In allusion to the beer department of this vast depository 
for liquors, Bramstone, our West Sussex poet, says — 

" When the duke'a grandaon for the County Btood, 
His beef was faXy and his October good.** 

Dodslej^B (Collection, toI, i., p. 270. 

A splendid mansion was designed by Henry the 9th Earl, 
a man fond of philosophical investigations and scientific pur- 
suits, and of great architectural taste and judgment, during 
the sixteen years of his confinement in the tower for a 
conspiracy, he being suspected of favouring the Popish plot. 
But as his release was then only effected at the reduced pay- 
ment of £20,000, the fine imposed upon him by the Star- 
chamber being £30,000, to which he refused to accede, it 
was probably not in his power to find sufficient means for 
carrying out his plans. He, therefore, confined himself to 
making additions to his father's house ; and here he resided 
in princely splendour from 1620 to 1632; as did his son 
Algernon after him from 1648 to 1660. The plan of his 

«In 82 Henry VIII. (1540), an Act manors to the Honor of Petworth. 
was passed (o. 5) for uniting several 



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PETWOBTH. 9 

proposed house on a large roll of vellum, laid down to a 
scale, is still preserved among the muniments of Petworth 
House. 

It was not until the death of Josceline, the last of the 
Percies, Earls of Northumberland, and the passing of the 
estate by the marriage of his sole child Elizabeth with the Duke 
of Somerset to that nobleman, that the erection of a new and 
more commodious house was carried into effect. As soon as 
this duke was in possession of the Petworth estate, he began to 
turn his thoughts towards building the present house. The 
architect employed is supposed by some to have been Mons' 
Pouget, a Frenchman of some celebrity, whom Walpole states 
to have been the builder of Montague house in London, now 
the British Museum. But this is a point much questioned. 
It is far more likely that the designs of the incarcerated Earl 
were in part if not wholly adopted. But whoever might have 
been the architect employed, Petworth house is unquestion- 
ably a most noble structure, and in accordance with the cha- 
racter of the illustrious Duke who built it. As originally 
constructed the roof in the centre was higher than that of 
the two ends of the house, having been carried up in the shape 
of a truncated pyramid, which was surrounded by statues. 

This the father of the late munificent possessor altered, 
reducing the roof to a uniform level. He also removed an 
enclosed court. The length of the present house is 322, and 
its height to the roof-parapet 62 feet. The chapel is the only 
part of the old mansion, which the duke preserved. Of this 
beautiful room, which originally stood free of the house, the walls 
and windows are profusely ornamented with the armorial 
bearings of the Percies, and the families to which they were 
allied by marriage, the work of J. Oliver, an heraldic artist 
of some celebrity in the time of Charles I. 

It had cloisters on the north side, which Charles Earl of 
Egremont fitted up as a statue gallery, and which the late 
Earl removed to make room for the present north gallery. 
Sydney in his "Letters of State," p. 124, alludes to the 
Cloister Chambers of this house. 

These chambers are supposed to have been two or three 
small rooms occupying a part of the space which is now con- 
verted into the apartment called the " Red Room." 

XIV. c 



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10 PETWORTH. 

The beautifally painted entrance hall and staircase is sup- 
posed by Horace Walpole to be the work of Louis Laguerre. 
On the wall to the right as you ascend the stairs is allegori- 
cally represented the life of Elizabeth Duchess of Somerset, 
into which many figures are introduced. It is intended to 
commemorate her being the last of the Percy family, and 
her happy marriage with the Duke of Somerset. Her 
daughters are depicted as in attendance upon her triumphal 
car, which is drawn by white horses. On the ceiling and 
lower walls is the story of Pandora and Prometheus most 
elaborately set forth. 

But the most striking feature of this house is the room, on 
the walls of which are profusely displayed the exquisite wood 
carving of Grinling Gibbons and Jonathan Ritson. This 
room is sixty feet long by twenty-four broad, and twenty 
feet in height. The carving is arranged in festoons of fruits, 
and flowers, shells, birds, and sculptured vases, so as to form 
panels for pictures ; the whole surpassing, in beauty of exe- 
cution and quantity of carving, any other of his justly ad- 
mired works. 

Horace Walpole, in speaking of this wonderful carver in 
wood, says, that " before Gibbons there is no instance of a 
man wh6 could give to wood the loose and airy lightness of 
flowers, and chain together the various productions of the 
elements with a free disorder natural to each species." And 
after having enumerated others of his celebrated works, such 
as those at Windsor, Chatsworth, Burleigh, Southwick in 
Hampshire, and Stanstead, he continues — "But the most 
superb monument of his skill is a large apartment at Pet- 
worth, enriched from the ceiling between the pictures with 
festoons of flowers and dead game, all in the highest state of 
perfection and preservation. One vase surpasses all the 
others in beauty of execution and elegance of design, being 
covered with a bas-relief of the purest taste, worthy indeed 
of the Grecian age of cameos. Selden, one of his disciples — 
for what single hand could have executed such plenty of 
laborious productions — ^lost his life in saving this carving 
when the house was on fire." 

Gibbons died in 1721. To the credit of our country be 
it spoken he was a native artist, having been born in Lon- 



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PETWOBTH. 11 

donv His ancestors, however, a few generations back, were 
of Ihitch extraction. 

For more than a century this carved room remained in- 
complete, and probably would have continued so, had not that 
great patron of men of genius, and more particularly of such 
men as had not the means of bringing their performances into 
the notice they deserved, Greorge Obrien Earl of Egremont, of 
whom it has been asserted with great truth — 

" To pining genius he raised up a way, 
And merit ushered to the blaze of day." 

— found accidentally among the workmen employed in carv- 
ing the mahogany ornaments of the library at Arundel Castle 
a father and son named Ritson, natives of Cumberland. 
Struck by the talent displayed by the son, then only aboy twelve 
years of age, the Earl did not lose sight of him, and some 
years after took him into his service at Petworth. -His first 
employment here was for little more than twelve months, 
after which he remained absent in London ten years ; but 
finally returned to Petworth in 1827, and continued in the 
service of his lordship and the present owner of the house 
until his death in 1846. 

During the period of nineteen years he worked at the 
carving of this room, and finished it only a week before he 
died. Comparing the two performances many may consider 
his part of the work but slightly, if at all, inferior to that 
of Gibbons. The writer of this paper knew Ritson well, and 
had often been led to regret his intemperate habits, and most 
obstinate temper. Ritson indeed would only work when he 
himself was disposed to do so, and remonstrance had not 
the slightest effect upon him. Had it been otherwise, he 
might have attained to great eminence, but as it was he died 
in a back street of this town, worn out both in mind and body, 
and supported entirely by the liberality of the present pos- 
sessor of the estate. The writer attended him throughout his 
illness, and was with him when he expired. There are por- 
traits of him and Gibbons by Clint in the room, to the beauty 
of which they so largely contributed. An obituary memo- 
rial of him by the present incumbent of Tillington (to 
whom I will take this opportunity of stating I am much 

c 2 



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12 PETWORTH. 

indebted for assistance kindly rendered to me in the prepara- 
tion of this paper) will he found in the Gent. Mag., No. 25, 
new series, January to June, 1846. 

My best thanks are also due to Lady Leoonfield for the 
loan of the Northumberland Household book, and for other 
favours vouchsafed to me, in the prosecution of my de- 
sign. The view of old Petworth House is from this book. 

The present house consists of a suite of nine rooms, eight of 
which look into the park to the west, and the remaining one 
to the east. Commencing at the south end there is first " the 
old library," next to which is "the new library;" then comes 
"the white and gold room," and then "the beauty room," 
so called from the portraits in panels which it contains of 
several ladies remarkable for their beauty in the court of 
Queen Anne, and then " the marble hall," to the north of 
which are " the ante-room to the carved room," " the carved 
room," " the red room," and the "north gallery." Besides 
this suite of stately rooms in the front of the house, there is 
one to the back, called " the square dining room." These 
rooms differ in their dimensions, but are all large and well- 
proportioned. 

The tennis court and chapel are at the north end of 
the house, and the audit room at the east. This was built 
by George Obrien, Earl of Egremont, and contains some fine 
statues, the walls being hung with paintings of cattle by some 
of the best masters. 

Of the extensive collection of paintings by many of the 
best masters which the house contains, it would be impossible 
to speak here. Nor is it needful to do so, Waagen having 
very fully described them in his " Art Treasures of Great 
Britain." Equally impossible is it too particularly to notice 
the fine specimens of sculpture both ancient and modem, which 
the north gallery contains ; and which, regardless of expense, 
the late noble Earl and his father collected at home and 
abroad. 

One, however of the many treasures which are to be found 
in the library of Petworth House must not be omitted. I 
allude to the beautifully illuminated manuscript copy on 
vellum of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales, which was kindly 
submitted to the inspection of the members of our society on 



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PETWORTH. 1 3 

the day of the Petworth meeting. Its history is told on the 
last leaf, where it is written partly in Saxon characters — 
" Here endeth the Booke of the Talys of Canterbury, com- 
piled by Greofrey Chaucer, on whose soul Jesu Crist have 
mercy," beneath which are emblazoned the Arms of Perci, 
with other bearings in the shield not needful to be mentioned 
here. The shield is encircled by the garter, and has on one 
side of it the letter H, and on the other the letter P. From this 
we are enabled to infer that the manuscript was executed for 
Henry Perci, the third Earl of Northumberland, about the 
middle of the fifteenth century. Todd, in his illustrations 
of Gower and Chaucer, speaks in terms of high commendation 
of this splendid and costly book. 

Nor must I omit to notice the beautiful piece of embroidery 
work also liberally exhibited to us on the same occasion, 
which was evidently designed to commemorate the union of 
the two houses of Grey and Dudley, by the marriage of Lady 
Jane Grey with Lord Guilford Dudley. In the centre is re- 
presented the Dudley crest, and around it are shields setting 
forth the armorial bearings of the two noble families down to 
the time of this union. It is of considerable historical 
interest, and very artistically and beautifully wrought. 

The home park and pleasure grounds about the house are 
very highly extolled by Lord Orford, in his "Essay on 
Modern Gardening," being laid out, he says, in the very best 
style of landscape gardening. The park consists of about 
2,042 acres, which are enclosed by a stone waU nine miles in 
length. 

But I pass from this captivating house, to the ancient part of 
this far less captivating town. 

I have already spoken of its antiquity. That its pros- 
perity would mainly depend on its Manor House being occu- 
pied by the different Lords, and their families, must be very 
manifest; and as for some centuries this was not much the 
case, Petworth probably was not at an early period a very 
thriving place. 

Leland, who visited it, states indeed in his Itinerary such 
to be the result of his observation. Speaking of it in his 
time he says, " The market town of Petteworth yn the wald 
of Southsax ys right well encreasid syns the Yerles of North- 



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14 PETWORTH. 

umberland usid little to ly there. For now the men there 
make good clothe. The parson of the towne hath much pri- 
velege there, and concerning certen tenauntes that he hath. 
there, kepythe his courte and leete. One Parson Aeon 
builded the spire of the faire steple there in the towne, and 
also made the fayre bridge of stone, cauUid Rotherbridge, 
scant a mile from Petteworth, upon the water that commith. 
downe from Cowdray." 

Such was the town in the time of the Vlllth Henry, whose 
chaplain and antiquary-royal Leland was. History, how- 
ever, hints at another cause why the town of Petworth was 
not so thriving as it might otherwise have been. The roads 
leading to it were almost impassable ; so that it happened to 
a Perci, who had the misfortune during the great rebellion to 
fall under the suspicion of high treason, and his brother, the 
then Earl of Northumberland, fearing for his safety, was de- 
sirous to send him off to France, that while he was devising 
the means of doing so, he sent him down, Clarendon tells us, 
to Petworth as a place of perfiectly secure retreat. And it 
is a singular circumstance, that so late as 1703, access to the 
town, even by its principal road, was attended with more than 
ordinary difficulty and danger. For among tiie five royal 
visits made to Petworth, upon record, was one by Charles, 
King of Spain, then about eighteen years old. He was on 
his way from Portsmouth to Windsor, where he stayed three 
days, returning to Portsmouth by Petworth; and as the 
Dukes of Somerset and Marlborough were appointed to at- 
tend upon him, Petworth House was arranged to be his first 
halting place after his landing. Here the Prince George of 
Denmark was to join the party, and it is in a letter from an 
attendant of his, called " an ingenious gentleman belonging 
to the court," to a friend, that we discover what the state of 
the roads was at that time. He says : — 

" Honoured Sir, — Seeing that I can't entertain you better 
by reason of our barrenness in foreign news, I'll venture 
to trouble you with a short account of my last week's ramble 

to Petworth His Highness gave 

directions for his coaches to be ready at six o'clock in 
the morning on Monday to go for Petworth. Accord- 
ingly we set out at that time by torchlight — " it was about 



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PETWOBTH. 15 

Christmas — " and did not get out of our coaches again, save 
only when we were overturned or stuck fast in the mud, 'til we 
arrived at our journey's end. 'Twas hard service for the 
prince to sit fourteen hours in the coach that day, without 
eating anything, and passing through the worst ways that I 
ever saw in my life. We were thrown but once indeed in 
going " — ^in returning they were overturned twice — " but 
both our coach, which was the leading one, and his high- 
nesses body coach, would have suffered very often if the nimble 
boors of Sussex had not frequently poised it up, or supported 
it with their shoulders from Godalming almost to Petworth ; 
and the nearer we approached the duke's house, the more un- 
accessible it seemed to be. The last nine miles of the way 
cost us six hours time to conquer them ; and indeed we had 
never done it, if our good master had not several times lent 
lis a pair of horses out of his own coach, whereby we were 
able to trace out the way for him. They made us believe 
that the several grounds we crost, and his grace's park 
would alleviate the fatigue; but I protest I could hardly 
perceive any difierence between them and the common 
roads." 

The roads about Petworth are now some of the best in the 
county. At Petworth house his highness and the King of Spain 
were entertained most sumptuously. Some peculiarities ob- 
served by the king at his meals are worthy of a passing notice. 
"The supper," tiie writer says, "was served up with so 
much splendour and profusion, yet with so much decency 
and order, that I must needs say I never saw the like. The 
table where they supped was an oval, and very large. The 
king sat about the middle of it, and the prince almost at the 
end. He, the king, eat and drank very heartily, but tasted 
no liquors but his own, which were the small drink — ^water 
discoloured by the infusion of cinnamon, and the strong red 
and white Tyrol wine. When he called for either of them, 
his taster, who is always one of the lords of his bed chamber, 
brings the liquor in a little bottle, and covers it, or rather 
hides it with a salver, upon which he pours out what he 
tastes, near as much as what we call a supernaculum. Then 
the king pours out what he pleases, which is commonly a 
glass tumbler full, and drinks it off. The disposition of his 
bread is as singular as anything else ; for it is broke into 

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16 PETWORTH. 

very small mammocks, laid upon a plate covered with a 
napkin, and placed on his lett Hand, from whence he takes 
it bit by bit, but keeps it constantly covered. I could not 
learn whether this was custom or superstition; and here it 
may not be improper to tell you that I believe he has an 
aversion for dogs, becaase I observed one of his noblemen 
take a dog while the king supped, and with great caution 
and secrecy convey it out of the room. His Catholic Majesty 
speaks very little ; what he said to the prince was in high 
Dutch — to others he spoke in French. He spoke of nothing 
but indifferent things, in very short and concise periods, and 
whatever answer the prince made he returned no reply." In 
speaking of the house, the same "ingenious" writer says — 
" The magnificence of the Duke of Somerset's House — though 
it is not near finished — the exceeding rich furniture, filne 
pictures, carving, &c., made the next day short enough to 
his highness." ® 

In 1666 the district suffered severely from the plague, and 
in the London Gazette^ No. 103, from 8th to 12th Novem- 
ber, 1666, is a notice reciting that there was a fair kept at 
Petworth, in Sussex, on Tuesday, 20th November, for the 
space of nine days ; and in regard that the said county, in 
several towns and places was still much infected with the 
plague, notice was given that the fair would not be held 
that year. 

There is a splendid oak in the park, called "the Cecil 
Oak," which was planted upwards of two centuries age, 
to commemorate the marriage of Algernon, the t€nth Earl 
of Northumberland, with his first wife. Lady Anne Cecil, the 
daughter of William, third Earl of Salisbury. 

The advowson of the rectory was attached to the manor 
until the attainder of Henry, Earl of Northumberland, after 
the battle of Shrewsbury. It then fell to the Crown, and 
was not restored with the manor. Upon the foundation of 
Eton College the rectory of Petworth was included in the 
endowment, and so remained until 1693, when it was 
exchanged for Farnham royal, Clewer, and Worplesdon.^ 



• See "the Annals of the Reign of » Add'. MSS. Brit. Mua. No. 4840 

Queen Anne," 8vo., 1704, vol ii., ap. fol. 319. 
pendix Ko. 3. 



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PETWOBTH. 17 

It then again became attached to the Petworth estate by 
exchange. Under the Legislative Act, by which this ex- 
change was effected, the chapelries of Duncton and North- 
chapel, which had previously belonged to it, were detached 
from it and constituted into separate rectories. In Pope 
Nicholas's return its value is stated to be £46 136. 4d. ; in 
the NonsB, 20 marcs, without the rector's glebe and manor; 
and in the King's books £41 10s. 5d. Of the glebe there 
are about 156 acres. 

The church of Petworth is for the most part modem, hav- 
ing been almost entirely re-built in 1827 by the Earl of 
Egremont, to whose munificence I have had occasion so often 
to refer before, at a cost to his lordship of about £15,000. 
Its beautiful spire, designed by Sir Charles Barry, is 180 
feet high. Many of the Percies are interred within its walls. 
The old church was a cruciform structure in the perpen- 
dicular style of architecture of an early date, of which 
the north aisle, or Perci Chancel, remains. Aeon's leaden 
spire was taken down in the year 1800, and the tower 
finished off with pinnacles. The north transept had been 
re-built by the Earl of Northumberland, who first made Pet- 
worth one of his principal places of residence. The Perci 
sepulchral Chapel adjoins the Rector's chancel on the north 
side, and is dedicated to St. Thomas a Becket. Here such 
of the Percies as are entombed at Petworth principally lie. 
This chapel was originally shut off from the church, but it 
is now thrown open to it, and fitted up at the east end with 
open sittings. Its proportions have been spoiled by a large 
vestry having been taken from it. Leland tells us that " yn 
the chyrche of Petteworth ly buryed sum of Percy's children, 
but none of the lordes." Since he wrote, however, two Earls 
of Northumberland have been interred there, viz., Henry the 
ninth earl, in 1^32, and Algernon, Lord High Admiral, the 
tenth Earl, in 1668; and also Jocelin his son and heir, the 
last Earl of that family, in 1670; he died at Turin. Brass 
plates record several Countesses and other members of the 
family. The Earl of Egremont erected in this chapel a fine 
monument to some of the later members of the Percy family. 
The statue of his lordship by E. H. Bayley, K. A., in a sitting 
posture, though somewhat misplaced, is a fine work of art, and 

xrv. D 

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18 PETWORTH- 

a most striking resemblance. Some ancient coflSn-shaped 
slabs, which were removed from the church when it was re- 
built, will be found under the south wall on the outside. 
Helping to support one of them, around the edge of which is 
an inscription in Longobardic characters, is what appears from 
its shape to have been a portion of an ancient pinnacle. This 
is doubtless the slab to which Dallaway refers, when, in 
speaking of the sepulchral monuments in this church, he 
says — "the most ancient is a small coffin-shaped slab, in- 
scribed round its margin in Lombardic characters partly 
obliterated — 'Hie jacet. Johannes Msaidedey cujus anime 
propitieiuv Deus.' John Maudesley was probably a rector 
about the close of the thirteenth century, at which period 
the usage of the Lombardic character ceased in England," 
The tower occupies the place of the south transept. The church 
is dedicated to St. Mary. The chapel of St. Thomas is supposed 
to have belonged originally to the Dawtries, a bygone Petworth 
family, called in early times de alta Ripa, or de hault Key, 
and hence Dawtrey, who resided for some centuries at More 
in this parish, and who had also a house in Petworth near 
to the church. This house, an engraving of which is 
given, still remains. It is a large building, forming two 
sides of a square; the two fronts being in two different 
streets. It has long mullioned windows, one or two of 
which are still in their original state, and is gabled, the 
points of the gables being ornamented with balls. The house 
is of stone, which of late years has been whitewashed. Two 
very old table tombs to the memory of early members of this 
family, and having their shield of arms (azure 5 fusils in 
fess argent) upon them, still exist in the north wall of this 
chancel ; but in a very neglected state. One is to the me- 
mory of Sir John Dawtrey, Kt., who died in 1527. This 
tomb is canopied. The other is to that of some earlier mem- 
ber of the same family. Both are without inscriptions, that 
recording the death of Sir John Dawtrey having been effaced. 
There are also floor slabs to the memory of later members of 
this family, to whom a moiety of this chancel appears to have 
belonged, and to have been made over by them to the Earls 
of Northumberland in 1624. A deed to this effect is said to 
be among the Petworth House muniments. 



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o 






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PETWOBTH. 19 

Leland states that, " the chiefest house of these Dawtries 
is in Petteworth Paroche, callid More, half a mile from 
Petteworth towne." The mansion of More was a spacious 
structure, built round a court-yard ; and was entered through 
an arched gateway in the centre. The greater part of the 
house was taken down about the middle of the last century, 
and the remainder converted into a farm house. In it is a 
large well proportioned apartment, having a ribbed stuccoed 
ceiling, and oak pannelled walls, with the family crest, a 
unicorn, passant, argent, displayed at the different points of 
intersection of these ribs, and their escucheon of arms, with 
the date 1580, over the fire-place. 

The Dawtreys were large landowners in Western Sussex. 
Of the More property they became possessed by the marriage 
of Edmund Dawtrey with Isabel Wood, who inherited her 
father's estate, of which this was a part, as well as her 
uncle's, who was treasurer of England in the time of 
Richard III. This Edmund, and his son, grandson, and 
great-grandson, were successively Sheriflfe of Sussex from 1492 
to 1566. In his progress through this part of the county 
Leland was probably lodged either at More or at the Daw- 
trey's house in Petworth; for he quotes .the owner at that 
time as his authority for asserting a threefold division of the 
lands of the Honour of Petworth by the marriage of three 
females. " Dawterey," he says, " told me that there were 
three women, or sisters, that had division of these lands; 
and that they were thus married to Percye, Dawterey, and 
Aske. So that hereupon I gather that all these three came 
owte of the northe countrye. Percye, Dawterey, and Aske 
give the myllepykes (fusils), but with difference in the 
fielde. The first partition hath not continued in all the 
aforesaid three names holy, but hath been disperkelid. 
Yet some likelihood is, that, seeing that so much re- 
mained a late in Percye hand, Dawterey and Aske had 
never like partes, but were beneficiarii," or mesne lords, 
"to Percye. Dikes, whose landes devolved to Mr. Goring, 
and other gentlemen thereabout, were beneficiarii to the 
Honour of Petworth. Dawterey the knight, that dwellid 
at Hampton Town, was brother to old Mr. Dawterey, now 

D 2 



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20 PETWORTH. 

living at Petteworth ; and this Dawterey of Hampton landes 
cam al by purchase." 

The ancient family of De Auld^ or Atte Hall, appears to 
have possessed, and resided at, New Grove previous to the 13th 
of Henry VI. ; for by a deed of this date Juliana, the daughter 
of William Atte Hall, conveyed to William Mille lands called 
Halle. 
One perhaps of the most interesting relics of ancient 

Petworth is the gable end at 
the back of Mr. Daintrey's 
house, and to be seen only 
from his garden. It is timber- 
framed, the spaces between the 
timbers being filled up with 
herring-bone brickwork. The 
lower part has been somewhat 
modernized, but the upper part 
is doubtless in its original 
state. Mr. Daintrey's conjec- 
ture is that what is now the 
back of the house was origi- 
nally the front; that the house 
was of the early Elizabethan 
style ; and that there were 
two such wings, with an in- 
termediate building connecting 
them, to correspond. And this 
is doubtless correct. The ceil- 
ing of the principal room in 
the present house is beautifiilly 
wrought in stucco into fes- 
toons of flowers terminating in 
a centre wreath. 
The crescent, the badge of the Percies, is occasionally to 
be met with, both externally and internally, as an ornament 
in some of the older houses of Petworth. 

The charities of the town, which are among the most muni- 
ficent in Sussex, must not be omitted in an account of its 
antiquities. The most extensive is that founded by Charles 



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PETWOBTH. 21 

Duke of Somerset, who in 1746 built and very liberally en- 
dowed an alms house for twelve poor widows, who are to be 
elected by the owner of the Honour, Manor, and Mansion 
house of Petworth for the time being. By an increase in the 
value of the trust estates from which the endowment arises, 
the number of widows, each receiving a pension of £20 per 
annum, was increased in 1818 to twenty-two, and the surplus 
income directed to be divided among other widows as out-pen- 
sioners. The revenues of this charity now amount to about 
£700 per annum. 

Thompson's Hospital is another well-endowed charitable 
institution of the town, of much older date than the Duke of 
Somerset's, having been founded in 1624, and called, " The 
Hospital of our Lord and Saviour Christ, of the guyft or 
foundacion of Thomas Thompson, gent, of Barnard's Inn." 
He left the house built by him in 1618, for a hospital; and 
the trust deed provides, " That £60 per annum shall be 
given to twelve aged poore persons of either sex, inhabi- 
tants of Petteworth," where he was born, and that the over- 
plus proceeds of the estate shall be divided equally between 
them. The gross value of the revenues of this charity is 
now £400 per annum. 

The almshouses of this and the Duke of Somerset's chari- 
ties are quaint old brick and stone buildings standing in the 
North Street. 

In 1753_ the Kev. John Taylor bequeathed the sum of 
£2,400, the interest of which he directs to be applied by the 
Rectors of Petworth, Tillington, and Duncton, for the time 
being, in establishing a school for the education of ten boys 
and ten girls ; assigning to the master a salary of £35 per 
annum, who, besides reading writing and arithmetic, is to 
instruct them in " the grounds of Christianity." The War- 
den of Winchester College, or in case of his sickness, or other 
incapacity, the Sub- Warden for the time being, and two other 
of the fellows of the same college, to be nominated at least 
two months before the visitation by the Warden and Fellows, 
are to be the visitors, guardians, and supervisors of the 
school, and personally to inspect it once in four years on the 
first day of July, or within sixteen days after. He also be- 
queaths to St. Mary Winton College in trust £550, the in- 



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22 PETWOBTH. 

terest of £250 of which he directs to be paid to two poor 
tradesmen of Petworth, and of a like sum to the widows of 
two poor clergymen, and the interest of the remaining £50 
to be expended in the purchase of Bibles, Prayer Books, and 
religious tracts. By a codicil of 10th of April, 1775, he gives 
the interest of £800 in addition, to be applied in clothing 
the ten boys and ten girls directed to be educated under his 
will. Mr. Taylor was a fellow of Winchester College, but 
his connection with Petworth I have been unable to dis- 
cover. 

There is also a benefaction to the parish by Richard Ayre, 
gent., by will, dated 6th of June, 1673, and called Ayre's 
Charity, which consists of the rents of a house, described 
as anciently the Crown Inn, and six other tenements with 
gardens, a portion of which is applied by the trustees in 
gifts of money to the poor, and the remainder distributed 
in bread. 

In the house which is supposed to have been the Crown 
Inn, there is an upstairs room, the ceiling of which has most 
elaborate ornaments in plaster, boldly but rudely executed. 
Among the figures introduced are men and women in the 
most grotesque, and sometimes ludicrous attitudes. This is 
particularly the case in the bordering. It cannot now be 
seen to advantage, owing to the room having been conver- 
ted into two apartments. It was evidently the principal 
room of the house when it was a public Inn. It is now two 
bed rooms. Over the fire place, and filling up the space be- 
tween it and the ceiling, is a coat of arms in stucco. The 
shield has supporters and on the upper part of it is a boar's 
head. What it has besides it would be difficult to say ; for 
it has been so frequently whitewashed as almost to have 
obliterated its distinctive marks. The crest is a winged 
animal of some kind, and the only part imperfect, the fore- 
legs having been broken oK Sir William Burrell (MSS. 
B. British Museum) states the emoluments of these houses 
to be £16 per annum. It is now £40. 

Among the improvements made by the Earl of Egremont 
in the town, solely at his own expense, are the Market 
House and Court Room, (the basement of which has lately 
been enclosed, and a portion of it converted into a spacious 



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PBTWOBTH. 23 

y subscription reading-room by Lord Leconfield) and the 
schools. He also erected waterworks at Coultershaw Mill, by 

1 which not only the Mansion House is supplied with water, 
but the town as well ; pipes being carried from the reservoir 
at the upper part of it through every street, the supply being 
without cost to the inhabitants. A rector of the parish had, 
as early as the year 1496, done the same. "Parson Ed- 
monds," the Antiquary-Royal, states, "of late dayes, per- 
ceiving the great lak of water at Petteworth, causid chiefly a 
great spring, the hedde whereof is about a mile from the 
town, to be brought in lede to Petteworth ; part of the water 
comming to the Manor Place, and the residew to ij or iij 
places in the streate of the towne ;" where he erected con- 
duits. The town is also much benefited by the canal which 
the same Earl made in 1792 from the Aran at Stopham to 
Midhurst. The clothing trade, of which Leland speaks, has 
long been discontinued. 

Petworth can boast of having had a greater number of in- 
cumbents, who were men eminent for their literary attain- 
ments and high advancement, than perhaps any other parish 
in the county. Richard Montague, rector in 1623, Brian 
Duppa (who had been Dean of Christ Church, Oxford, and 
tutor to Prince Charles, afterwards Charles II.), in 1638, 
and Hemy King in 1641, became successively Bishops of 
Chichester; Duppa being afterwards translated first to Salis- 
bury in 1641, and after the Restoration in 1660, to Winchester ; 
and Euseby Cleaver, rector in 1783, was made Bishop of Cork 
and Ross in 1789, and after being translated to Leighlin and - 
Ferns, became Archbishop of Dublin in 1809. One of Dr. 
Johnson's most able biographical sketches is the life of 
Francis Cheynell, who was rector of Petworth in 1643, and 
a rigid presbyterian. He was the great opponent of Chil- 
lingworth, and so bitter was his hatred of him, that he took 
the pains to go to Chichester after his death for the special 
purpose of insulting his remains as they were lowered into 
the grave. In one of the registers of this parish he has left 
a declaration of his religious faith recorded in eighteen arti- 
cles, and occupying two folio pages. It follows the entry of 
the baptism of his daughter, Grace, in 1646, and is sub- 
scribed by himself and his wife, and by several of his 



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24 PBTWOETH. 

parishioners. That ^^ eminent critical scholar and ingenious 
poet," Charles Dunster, the distinguished son of a no less 
distinguished father, was rector of Petworth in 1789. And, 
not to mention others of less note, the Rev. John Price, who 
was chaplain to general Monk, and one of the only two 
persons to whom he mentioned his plan of bringing about the 
Restoration of Charles IL, was rector of Petworth in 1669. 
There are brasses and plain slabs to the memory of some of 
the rectors in the chancel of the church. 

The names of those who contributed to the subsidy in 1296 
are printed in the VII. Vol. of our Collections, p. 162, and the 
Non© return gives the following list of persons resident in 
Petworth in 1345, with the amount of property at which 
they were assessed, and of the fifteenth they were caUed upon 
to pay. " Alan Lylye, value of goods and chattels, vij^ x*., 
fifteenth, x*. Alan de Mullward, value of goods, xxx*., 
fifteenth, ij*. Thomas Scarpe, value of goods, xv*., fifteenth, 
xij**." The rest of the inhabitants are returned as living upon 
their own lands, but by great labour. 



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APPEARANCE OF SPIRITS IN SUSSEX. 



" THE CONFESSION OF CERTEYNE PERSONS CONCERNINGE THE 
SPIRITTS APPEARINGE AT RIE," IN 1607. 



By G. SLADE butler, Esq., F.S.A. 



In out last volume (xiii. p 280) is an engraving from a rubbing 
taken from a brass in Eye Church, of Mr. Thomas Hamon, 
luxuriating in a moderate beard, and habited in the civic 
gown of the period, with a ruffled collar, and shoes fastened 
with rosettes. It is evident Thomas Hamon was a person of 
some consideration in his way, as shewn by his public ser- 
vices recorded in his epitaph — " Thrice Burgesse for the Par- 
liament elected." I can only find his name among the repre- 
sentatives for Rye twice, viz., 1697, in Elizabeth's reign, and 
1603, in James I. " Six times by freemen's choyce made Maior 
of Rye," in the years 1595, 1596, 1599,1600, 1604-5. John 
Fawtrill died, then Thomas Hamon, and lastly 1606-7 Thomas 
Hamon. In 1585, Jn. Hamond, L.L.D., represented 
Rye. In the muniments of Battle Abbey the name of 
Hamon constantly occurs, leaving but little doubt that the 
family originated with Robert Fitz Hamon, who came over 
with the Conqueror, on whose death, it is stated, that he em- 
braced the cause of Rufus against his brother Robert, and on 
the death of Rufus took the same course in support of 
Henry I. In 1102 Robert Fitz Hamon founded a monastery 
at Tewkesbury, where he was buried. 

Thomas Hamon died during his mayoralty, nor was his 
death without something remarkable, for on a single sheet 

XIV. E 

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26 APPEARANCE OF SPIRITS IN SUSSEX. 

among the Harleian MSS,, No. 358 art. 47, fol. 188, is the 
following account of certain spirits which made their appear- 
ance at his decease, and from the picture that it gives us of 
the credulity of the times, it has been thought sufficiently 
curious to warrant its insertion here. It is to be regretted 
that there is nothing to show before whom, by what 
process, or by whose authority the examinations were 
taken. 

Susan Snapper, wife of Roger Snapper, of Rie, sawyer, 
saith — That aboute mydlente last, viz., 1607, aboute myd- 
nighte, shee beeinge sicke in bed with her husbande, 4 spyritts 
in likenes of twoe men, and twoe weomen, appeared unto her ; 
the one man younge, withoute hayre one his face, and tall, 
named him selfe Richarde, and hee was in a white surplis to 
the grounde; the other man was a shorte, thicke man, with 
a longe grey bearde, and named him selfe Roberte ; hee was in 
a white sattin dublett and hose pinckt. Oub of the weomen 
was younge and in a white wastcote and green peticote, with 
a vaile aboute her necke, and a whit kerchife one her head ; 
the other weoman was younge and all in white. And one 
of the weomen called her selfe Katherine, and the other Mar- 
gerie ; and they appeared unto her two or three nights to- 
geither. 

The seconde tyme of theire appeareaunce, the weoman in 
the greene peticote called this examinate Sue, and said 
" Come and goe with me, or else I will carrie the," and the 
spirite Richarde tooke her by the arme, and griped her that 
her arme was lame 2 dales, so as she could not helpe her 
selfe. And she beinge a ferde toulde her husbande, and hee 
laide his hande over her to holde her, and his arme was soe 
lame for twoe daies that hee coulde not cut his meate ; and 
then the vision lefte her. 

And afterwards that nighte, a little before daie, they all 4 
appeared againe unto her, and she asked them in the name 
of the Ffather, &c., " What will youe have me doe?" and the 
weoman in the greene peticote said, " I would have yo"* goe to 
younge Ann Bennett (beinge the wife of George Tayler dwell- 
inge in the same towne) and call her and goe into y' gardyn 
with her, and digg, and sett sage, and you shal be well. 



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APPEARANCE OF SPIRITS IN SUSSEX. 27 

And in that afternoone shee and the said Ann digged in 
the gardyn and the said Ann thruste a spitt into y* grownde 
and heard a sownde, and beeinge sicke shee depted wthout set- 
tinge any sage. 

About 3 nights after one of y* men and one of y* weomen 
appeared unto her, and y* man asked her " When younge Ann 
Bennett hadd bene with her ?*' and shee answered, " Yester- 
daie;" and then hee asked her "what the saide Ann had in the 
somer howse?" And shee answered, " Shee could not tell." And 
then hee said that those things w** shee was trobled wthall 
we'e true, v** " that there was monie hidden in the said 
Ann's gardyn amoungst the tyme, and that the fielde at 
Weekes greene was plowed and the crocke was broken, and 
some pte thereof was founde and the rest was left behinde," 
and so they depted. 

After Whitsontyde last, they all 4 appeared to her 
againe, and the 2 weomen came to her chamber, and the men 
wente into an other chamber ; and one of the weomen saide, 
" Howe nowe ; nowe thou art well ?" and shee answered, " Yea ! 
I thanke God ;" and the weoman said, " Nowe thou must goe 
with me;" and shee asked, " Whether ?" and a girle cominge 
upp they vanished awaie. 

The next nighte 2 of them came againe to her, and one 
of them asked her " if she would go with them ?" and shee 
said " shee would goe with them y* next daie." 

And y* next daie, betweene twelve and one, she herde a 
greate stampe in y* lofte, and went up, and y* tall man ap- 
peared and asked her " Whether she would goe with him?" 
and shee said, " I, by God's grace ! if you tell me whether ;" 
and hee said " shee shoulde goe to Weekes greene," and asked 
her " Whether shee woulde goe with him or alone?" and shee 
answered, " shee had rather goe alone if shee knewe the waie." 
And she did learne the waie of Ann Bennett, and did goe 
thither, and there did see the tall man stande in the streete ; 
and he called her to follow him throwghe a rie fielde into the 
greene fielde next to it wch shee did; and in the myddle of y* 
fielde there was a valley of the one side, and banke 
one thother; and there hee tolde her in that valley 
there was a pott and goulde in it, and a chaine uppon the 
topp of it; and beside the pitt, under a little stubbe, there 

E 2 

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28 APPEARANCE OF SPIRITS IN SUSSEX. 

was a crocke, mettle, with three leggs, in wch there was 
monie. And hee bade her sit downe uppon a banke, wch 
shee did; and then shee sawe a man, all in black, one the one 
side of the headge ; and a weoman in a greene one the same 
side, goinge one to meete an other. And she thought the 
grownde did move under her as shee sate; and then she cryed 
"Lorde have mercie uppon me, what shall become of me?" 
And then the tall mann came to her againe, and bade her be 
not afraide, for shee shoulde have no harme : and seeinge the 
twoe psons before menconed, shee asked the tall man " what 
they were?" And hee saide, " The woman is Queene of the 
Fairies, and that if she woulde kneele to her shee would give 
her a livinge ;" and then she looked and they were gone. And 
the tall man came to her againe, and willed her to arise 
and goe home; but shee coulde not arise; and he willed her 
in the name of God to arise. And then she arose and wente 
home sicke to bed, and the man vanished away. 

And the next tyme when they appeared, shee asked them 
" When the saide Anne shoulde have any monie of them?" and 
the tall man saide, " if shee be so hastie shee should tarrie 
till she hadd a childe of her bodie should live to be sixe yeares 
olde." The saide Ann hadd then a sonne wch not longe 
after died. 

And she saithe that she hathe hearde the spiritts talke 
one to an other of them; and shee hathe scene at sundrie 
tymes 18 spiritts; but onely the saide 4 before named did 
speake. 

And the saide Anne tolde her that she had scene 80 or 100 
of them and they were all fairies. 

And shee saithe that one spirytt in likenes of a woman 
greate wth childe appeared imto her in the daie tyme, and 
wished shee had some apples ; and shee did afterwards give 
unto her 3 apples ; whereof she did eate twoe, and the 3 shee 
cut in 4 quarters, and flunge awaie. 

And after the tall man, Richarde, willed her to goe to the 
saide Ann Bennett and demande of her a peece of rawe pow- 
dered beefe ; wch the saide Ann gave unto her, and shee de- 
lived it to him, and he cutt it in peeces, and laide it in the 
windowe, but shee knowethe not what became of it, and saithe 
that shee hathe divse tymes given them water, and once 



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APPEARANCE OF SPIRITS IN SUSSEX. 29 

"breade ; and the spiritts did consume the water, and when 
they lefte any water the same was blackishe and the tubb 
"became speckled wth white. 

And at another tyme the spiritt Richarde wylled her to 
goe to younge Ann Bennett, and demande of her a peece of 
lyninn cloathe (yf it were nevr so olde), of her lengthe and of 
her breadth, or a peece of inckle or an olde harelace of that 
lengthe ; and shee broughte a peece and the spiritt saide it 
was to little ; and she fetcht then a bigger peece, and laide 
it where the spiritts used, and it was soyled att one ende wth 
claie. And after the spiritt, Richarde, demaunded of one 
of his followers " where the brymstone was that laie uppon 
the mantle of the chimney?'' and one of the weomen saide 
" shee hadd itt." 

And this examinate did laie 3 nosegaies in the windowe 
for the saide familliers, and they were taken awaie, as shee 
thinkethe, by the spiritts, for no body else could come there 
the doores beinge shutt. 

And shee divse tymes strewed hearbes in the windowes 
where the spiritts used. 

And when S"" Thomas Waller^ was comminge to Rie, the 
people comminge to meete him, she saw the spiritt, Richarde, 
stande underneathe the further mill ; and shee goinge towards 
the mill he vanished awaie. 

And shee goinge home hearde in her howse a greate peece 
ofordnnce and a trumpett, and saide to herselfe, "Lordehave 
mercie uppon us, there is a greate troupe of men come to the 
towne and great joy;'' and the spiritt, Richarde, saide"!! 
and as much sorrowe;" and shee turned abowte and sawe 
him. 

And that dale in the mominge that Burditt was slaine, 
she sawe the spiritts, Richarde and Roberte, walkinge uppon 
the banke comminge upp the gun gardyn (in that pte the 
great ordinance laye), and the peece, wch brake and killed 



> Sir Thomas Waller was Lieutenant for the charge of the passage beyond 
of Dover Castle. A new commission seas from Rye, for which no ports were 
was issued to him by Henry Earl of authorised except Dover, Rye, and Sand- 
Northampton, Lord Warden, on 9th wich. MSS, State P,0., 1608, vol. 
Dec., 1608, and the Mayor, and preach- xxxviii., Nos. 18 and 14. Part of the 
ing minister of Rye, for the time being, Lieutenant's duty was to review the 
and others, were to be his deputies there musters in the different Cinque Ports. 



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30 APPEARANCE OF SPIRITS IN SUSSEX. 

Burdytt' beinge discharged at the depture of S' Thomas 
Waller out of Kie. 

And that daie that Ann Bennetts sonn was buried,^ she 
goinge by the churche, sawe the spiritte, Richarde, goe into 
the churche, and hee wente all in white ; and the nighte after 
Richarde saide to the rest of the spiritts that "the 
preachers mynde was not of hys sermon, but hee was 
trebled otherwise." And the saide Ann toulde her that shee 
did see him sitt in the gallerie in the churche dureing the 
sermon, all in blacke, wth a flatt capp one his heade. 

Concerninge the apparicons in the windowe shee did sec 
at one tyme the shape of the heade of a man ; but at other 
tymes she did see dverse shapes, sometyme of twoe gent 
weomen, and at another time of a man drinckinge, with a 
napkin before him. 

And the said Ann and her husbande bade her enquire ol 
the spiritts whether theire daughter that dyed* were be- 
witched or no? And she asked the spiritt, Richarde, and 
hee saide " Hee could not tell, but if they were soe doubtfuU they 
shoulde goe and enquire of some learned man what the cause 
of her deathe was." 

And shee heareinge a stampe in the chamber where the 
spiritts used, went up, and there she sawe a lighte like a 
candle in the mydest of the chamber, wch did suddeynly 
depte : and shee seeinge nothinge there, shee did thinke to 
goe into the garrett, and when shee was gott upp to the garrett 
doore she was taken in suche sorte as shee could not wagge 
hande or foote; and her speache was taken from her; and 
soe she remayned the space of an hower, till her husbande 
came and found her, and tooke her by the rfrme, and then 
shee felt her limbes, but could not speake till shee came 
downe. 

And shee saithe that the first or seconde daie that Mr. 

' I have searched the Register of 1604,for the pay of the gunner appointed 

Burials for Rye, hut can find no entry of in the place of William Ratcliffe, de- 

Burdytt's burial; and also the re- ceased. MSS, Sfate P. O., l(y(H. roi Ax. 

gister for Udimore where the Bur- * Extract from the Register of Burials 

dett« were long resident, but with the for Rye, " September, 1607. The 1 5th 

like want of success. There wan one day George the sonne of Mr. George 

roaster gunner appointed by the Lord Taylor." 

Warden, and he had 6d. a-day for his * July, 1607, the 4th daye Elizabeth 

pay. There was a warrant on 8th Aug., the daughr of Mr. Geoi^ Taylor. 

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APPEABANCE OF SPIRITS IN SUSSEX. 31 

Hammon, late Mayor of Rie, fell sicke* the spiritt, Richarde 
bade her goe to the saide Ann Bennett and will her to send 
him some " planett water;" and shee carried a little bottele of 
water of aboute 3 or 4 sponfuUs into the chamber where the 
spiritt was, and sett it one the table, and wente downe (it was 
a whittishe water) ; and when shee had tolde the saide Ann 
of it, the said Ann saide the bottle was not there ; and this 
examinate wente upp and there was neither the bottle nor the 
spiritt. 

The saide Ann Bennett called this examinate, and saide 
unto her, " I doe see one of them nowe in the windowe wth 
a chaine of gould about his necke and goulde braceletts 
aboute his wrestes, and this is to make me bold to come to 
speake to them." 

George Tayler saithe that in the glasse windowes, aboute 
Mydsomer laste, appeared to him in shadowe, a verie antciente 
grave man sittinge verie maeisterallie in a chaire wth a booke 
before him ; at his righte hande a man in sheadowe sittinge as 
it were either readinge or castinge accompts. At his left 
hande a man and a woman in shadowe sittinge in like forme, 
the woman havinge a hatt one her head; all of them in 
ghayishe coUored apparell ; behinde these twoe deathes heade ; 
rownde aboute him a greate companie thronginge togeither 
as it were to heare somethinge ; and behinde them shadowes 
of people in as riche and gorgious apparell as could be 
devised ; underneathe deathes heade, a pretie distance be- 
lowe, the shadowe of a woman, holdinge a childe, standinge 
upp againste her knees. 

And the saide Susanne Snapper tolde him that the spiritts 
tolde her they were sett there for him to beholde because he 
was harde of beleife. 

Ann Tayler al. Bennett saithe that the firste time shee 
sawe the appitions in the glasse windowe was 2 daies before 
the deathe of her fyrste childe, whoe dyed a lyttle before 

* " 1607, July, the 29th day, Mr. About this period it was customary for 
Thomas Hamon, Maior." This entry is the mayor to sign each page of there- 
about half-way down the page, which is gister as mayor. Mr. Hamon*s wife 
signed at the bottom — '* Thomas Hamon, died in the April previously. 
Maior, *' Thomas Higgons, Maior." 



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32 APPEARANCE OF SPIRITS IN SUSSEX^ 

Mydsomer last ; and shee first sawe the picture of deathe and 
divse other shapes of men and women at divs and sundrie 
tymes after. And afterwards shee did see in the windowe 
the shape of a man, verie lyke to Mr. Hammon deceased ; 
and at one tyme the picture of her owne sonne a sennighte 
before he dyed. And the said Susan Snapper toulde her that 
" those sights were sente because of this examinates unbe- 
liefe." And that the spiritts tolde her that " by reason of 
this examinntes unbeliefe it should be a longe tyme ere shee 
should enter into the kindome of Heaven." And shee further 
tolde her this examinente that " one of her spiritts willed 
her to looke upp into the elemente;" and shee did so and 
sawe sixe candles to her judgm*. And after that appeared 
unto her 2 angells in her chamber ; and one of them having 
a white fann in his hande did let the same fall : and shee 
stopinge to take it upp the angell gave her a boxe one the 
eare, rebukinge her that she beeinge a mortal creature, 
should psume to handle matters apperteyninge to heavenlie 
creatures. And those twoe angells hadd cache of them a 
pphett, and those angells would reveale to those pphetts and 
to no other psons the cause of theire comminge, and that 
theire comminge was to put of the wicked from the earthe. 

The above record is interesting at the present time, from the 
similarity it bears to many of the recent cases recorded in the 
Spiritual Magazine. Whether these phenomena be objective 
or subjective, the result of some unknown mental process or 
disorder in the observer, or an appearance external to him, it 
is not our province to decide. The undoubted fact remains 
that at various periods of the world's history, from the story 
of the Witch of Endor down to the record in the Cornhill 
Magazine of Mr. Hume's marvellous feats, it has by a great 
variety of observers been asserted that appearances of the 
dead have come to them, or other similar events occurred out 
of the range of known physical laws and inexplicable by 
such laws. Such, for example are the appearances recorded 
in the above communication. Mr. Dale Owen's curious book. 
Footfalls on the Boundary of another World. (London: 
Triibner and Co., 1860), contains a curious record of such facts, 
and is worth consulting by those interested in this question. 



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APPEARANCE OF SPIRITS IN SUSSEX. 33 

The appearances here recorded refer to the beginning of 
the seventeenth century. Towards the end of that century 
a great variety of such supernatural events are related, as 
occurring among the Pilgrim Fathers in their new home in 
New England. In An Essay for the recording of lUustriotis 
Providences^ by Increase Walker, teacher of a church at 
Boston, in New England, published at Boston^ in New 
England, in 1684, a great variety of such &cts are recorded.^ 

And who shall say that this varied tradition of some inter- 
course between the spirit world and our present existence is 
altogether a fiction ? Not at least the great poet of this 
age. Does he not in bis ^^ In Memoriam " raise the question 
and leave it thus imdecided : — 

Dare I say 
No spirit eyer broke the bond 
That stays him from the native land 
Where first he walk'd when olaspt in olay f 

No visual shade of some one lost 
But he the Spirit himself may come 
When all the nerve of sense is numb, 
Spirit to Spirit, Ghost to Qhost. 

Another Sussex tale of " second sight," a century and a half 
later, has been communicated to my friend Mr. William Durrant 
Cooper, and is worthy of being placed upon record. In De- 
cember, 1766, Mr. John Butler, M.P. for Sussex, left his seat, 
Worminghurst,^ for London, on horseback, attended by a 
groom. Next morning his sister-in-law, Miss Frances Browne, 
was awoke at break of day by Mr. B. coming into her room 
and walking through it into another chamber, and in return- 
ing, when she spoke to him, he made no reply. She then 
grew uneasy, thinking he was ill. She then got up and went 
down stairs to look for him, but did not find him, or any of 
the servants up. On returning to her own room she passed the 
steward's office, and perceiving the door open, and finding the 
steward there, asked if he had seen Mr. Butler. He said he 
had, for not being able to sleep, he got up and went into the 
office, and was surprised to see Mr. B. standing there; but on 

^ This book has been re-published by "^ He was bom 19 March, 1707, and 

Mr. J. Russell Smith, of Soho-square, in buried 3rd Jan., 1767. 
his library of Old authors. 

XIV. F 



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34 APPEABANCE OF SPIRITS IN SUSSEX. 

speaking to him he gave no answer, and walked away. Miss 
B. then told how she had seen Mr. B., and that he had passed 
through her room, etc. In the course of the morning the groom 
returned, and said that his master, apparently in perfect health, 
in the act of mounting his horse, had fallen down dead, just 
at the hour of his appearing to Miss B. and the steward. 
On examining Mr. B.'s papers no will could be found, and it 
was supposed his second wife® was left totally unprovided for. 
The old steward, however, recollected that Mr. B. sometimes 
kept papers in the room through Miss Browne's, into which 
she had seen him pass when in bed ; and on examining his 
desk a will was found ^A^^ providing for his widow as far 
as he could. It is stated that Miss B., at the time of the 
appearance, mentioned it to Mr. Hoper, the curate of the 
parish, who said she had been deluded by a dream, and did 
not give credit to it; but many years after he told the lady 
who narrated this strange story, that both Miss B. and the 
steward had mentioned it to him at the time. 



• Mary, d^ of John Browne, of Steyning, ob. 12 Feb., 1779, aet. 64. 



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ASHDOWN FOREST, 

OB AS IT WAS SOMETIMES CALLED, 
LANCASTEB GBEAT PARK. 



By the Rev. EDWARD TURNER, M.A. 



Of this forest, which is situated in the parishes of Mares- 
field, Fletching, East Griastead, Hartfield, Withyham, and 
Buxted, but chiefly in Maresfield, Hartfield, and Withyham, 
the present estimated extent is about 10,000 acres. As it, 
and the other still existing forests m, and on the confines of 
Sussex — Waterdown, St. Leonard's, Tilgate, and Wolmer, 
— are doubtless the remains of the great forest of Anderida, 
before I proceed to the history of Ashdown, I shall say a few 
words on the subject • of the immense uncultivated tract, 
which, in ancient times, went under this name previous to its 
being partly brought into tillage, and partly broken up, as 
now, into separate forest districts ; and shall then take up the 
history of the one I am about to consider, from the earliest 
known period of its independent existence, either under the title 
of the Forest of Pevensel, as it was generally called in 
ancient times, or under the more restricted name of 
Ashdown. 

The exact period of its first dismemberment from the pri- 
maeval forest it would be difficult to discover. That through 
the Saxon and Roman aeras the Forest of Anderida remained 
entire we have the authority of the venerable Bede. He 
speaks of it as such, A.D. 731, and describes it as thick and 
inaccessible; and as a place of retreat for large herds of deer 

F 2 



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36 ASHDOWN FOREST. 

and swine. Wolves also, and wild boars frequented it. And 
from the Saxon chronicle we leam that in the year 893 its 
length from east to west was 120 miles, and its width from 
north to south, 30. This would make it, in Saxon times, co- 
extensive, or nearly so, with the Wealds in Sussex, Kent, 
and Surrey. In this supposition we are supported by Kemble, 
who, in his history of the Anglo-Saxons, says — " We may be 
assured that every foot of the Weald was forest in the time 
of Beda. The difficulty is to define the precise boundaries 
of what was comprised during the Saxon period under the 
term Weald. All we know is, that it included the greater 
part of this, and its two adjoining counties of Surrey and 
Kent." At that time it was without division, jurisdiction, or 
proprietor. Even so late as the Domesday survey, the right 
of pannage only was recognised in it; and this no farther than 
a very few lordships and manors were concerned. In the 
museum of our society, at Lewes Castle, is a portion of 
an antler which was «ent to me by a gentleman of Speld- 
hurst, who found it, many years ago, in draining a bog on his 
land, at the depth of about three feet below the surface of the 
soil, which doubtless became embedded there when this part 
of Kent was a portion of the great Sylva Anderida. The 
scull, with the pair of antlers attached, was in a perfect state 
when it was found; but like most fragile substances that have 
lain along time in the ground, they crumbled to pieces as 
soon as they were exposed to the air, with the exception of 
the lower part of the one which came into my hands. It is 
a little singular that no deer's horns have, as far as I can 
learn, ever been found by peat diggers in any of the bogs on 
Ashdown Forest. 

In farther proof of the Saxon occupation of some portions 
of that part of the great forest of Anderida, which is now 
called Ashdown, I might appeal to the discovery, about forty 
years ago, of a number of Saxon coins, which were acciden- 
tally brought to light by a labourer of Maresfield in cutting 
peat for fuel in a rather extensive forest bog near to Duddles- 
well. These coins were not observed at the time, but were 
discovered after the wedges of peat had been set up to dry on 
the open forest. It was during the progress of turning these 
wedges that the coins were seen. The man who had cut 



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ASHDOWN FOREST. 37 

the peat was assisted by his son, who, observing some- 
thing unusual adhering to one of the wedges, called to his 
father to eome and see a piece of peat covered with metal 
buttons. He did so, and found the wedge in the boy's hands 
studded with something, of the nature of which he was wholly 
ignorant. From this, and from the ground on which it had 
stood, he collected about twenty pieces ;* find kept them as if 
they were only old buttons. But suspecting them, from hints 
which had been given him, to be coins, he showed them to 
Mr. Gideon Mantel], of Lewes, who pronounced them at once 
to be so, and of the Saxon dynasty; and he became the pur- 
chaser. This valuable " Forest find," having thus become 
publicly known, other numismatists, living far and near, 
flocked to the spot, hoping to be able to discover more (and 
more there doubtless were), but without success. The bog 
being large, and some time having passed since they were 
found, the man was unable to point out the precise spot 
where the wedge so richly laden was dug. This Saxon de- 
posit was probably made for safety upon the occasion of some 
pressing emergency, and for some cause never reclaimed; the 
bog being selected as the place of concealment on account of 
its permanency, and its offering great facility for recovery 
after the danger which led to it was passed. For coins to be 
found in such a position is not unusual.^ 

The remains too of what had very much the appearance of 
having once been an ancient British boat were dug up a few 
years ago on the Forest very near to the drift-way, leading 
from the Tunbridge Wells road past the Messrs. Wood's 

1 The large deposit of Boman coins dis- the drought of these two years, the 

covered three or four years ago close to water totally died away, so as to admit 

the dipping hole of a cottage at Bedford, of a particular examination of its sides 

near Wiggonholt, in the western divi- and bottom for the hidden treasure, which 

sion of the county, one of the two par- the pond was traditionally supposed to 

ishes of which I was formerly the contain; and, as I have already said, 

Incumbent, is supposed to have been so some hundreds of Boman coins of the 

made for a similar reason ; and White, lower empire were obtained. The pond 

in his history of the antiquities of Sel- might possibly have been a forest bog 

borne, gives an account of many hun- at the time this deposit was made. Like 

dred Boman coins being found in and the '* Bedford find," though some of the 

about a pond on the edge of Wolmer coins were discovered lying one upon 

Forest. Previous to the years 1741 — 2, another in a heap, many were scattered 

coins of this description had been occa- about in the bed of the pond ; the earth- 

sionally picked up on the banks of this em jar in which they were doubtless ori- 

pond, more particularly in dry summers, ginally deposited having quite gone to 

when the water became low; but during decay. 



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38 ASHDOWN FOREST. 

nursery grounds, into Maresfield. It was of oak, about thirty 
feet in length, by twelve in circumference, and had been, 
hollowed out for some purpose or other. Had it been disco- 
vered on the banks of any one of our tide rivers, I should have 
had no hesitation in pronouncing it to be a " CWCH ;" but of 
what use would a boat have been in this part of Ashdown 
Forest, unless the valley just below the place where it was 
found, and through which a stream of water now runs, was 
in earlier times covered with water. When disinterred the 
wood was of the usual silvery black colour. 

That the Romans frequented this part of Ashdown Forest 
as well as the Saxons, we have ample proof, from the coins 
and pottery found in great abundance among the iron slag 
at Oldland, in Maresfield, of which an account has been very 
fully given in Vol. II., p. 169. 

We know that in the early Saxon times civilization and 
improvement had made but little progress. Alfred the 
Great was the first to turn his attention to the establishment 
of a more enlightened and better state of things. Probably, 
therefore, the curtailment of the Forest began under him, and 
what was thus begun in the later Saxon times would be 
likely to be continued during the Norman period. For, though 
the right of Free-warren and Free-chase, and the great love 
for hunting which the Norman invaders brought with them 
to this country, very naturally occasioned some of the more 
wild and uncultivated districts to be kept up by those to 
whom, in the different Rapes in Sussex, paramount baronies 
had been assigned, as forests and chases, making them subject 
to forest laws, so far as such laws were then established, still 
these sporting tracts werp. small indeed when compared with 
the original forest districts, of which they once formed a part. 

But from whatever period we are to date the first attempt 
to carry the axe and the spade into the great forest of Ande- 
rida, and whatever may have been the success with which it 
was attended, it is certain that the wild tract now known by 
the name of Ashdown Forest, was originally of much greater 
extent than it is now. It appears to have been very nearly, 
if not quite, co-extensive with the Rape of Pevensey ; and a 
part of the Honor of, and so connected with, and dependent 
upon, Pevensey Castle. From which circumstance it was 



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ASHDOWN FOREST. 39 

caDed in Anglo-Saxon times, " Pevensel Forest." The city 
of Anderida, (which, though its site has now been pretty 
clearly identified with Pevensey, was for some centuries, like 
the birth place of Homer, a debateable point, many places 
both on the Kentish and Sussex coasts laying claim to it, and 
supporting their pretensions by very plausible arguments) 
was designated by the ancient Britons, according to Arch- 
bishop Usher, sometimes "Cair Pensavel Coit,"* at other 
times, " Penissa Coed," or the fortress at the lower end of the 
wood — ^alluding to the Forest of Anderida, or " Cair Andred." 
And hence is supposed to have arisen the Saxon name " Peo- 
vensa," and the Norman " Penevesel," and " Pevensel ;" and 
from these were derived the more modem names of " Peve- 
nes," as we find it inscribed on the corporation seal; 
and " Pevensey," " Peinsie," and " Pemsey," as it is now 
called. 

As to the derivation of the name Ashdon, or Ashdown, we 
are quite in the dark. Some have very naturally supposed it 
to have arisen from the circumstance of the district to which 
it is applied being favourable to the growth of ash timber. 
But this is not the case. Among the trees now growing in 
some parts of the forest an ash is scarcely to be found. And 
the result of a careful examination of the submerged timber, 
which, blackened by age, and the soil in which it is found 
embedded, is dug up in the low and swampy parts of the 
forest, and used by the foresters for fuel, and other domestic 
purposes, has been equally to militate against this hypothesis. 
I have, upon examination, invariably found them to be either 
oak or fir. They are for the most part the trunks of oaks of 
a large girth ; thereby evidencing their great antiquity pre- 
vious to their being prostrated by the violence of the storms, 
or falling from their own natural decay. The part of the 
Berkshire Downs which is called Ashdown, or Ashdon, is 
equally destitute of Ash timber. 

It has been thought that the gradual disappearance of the 

* Of the Anglo-Saxon word ** Cair" in Angliam appnleu Celebris est: cui et 

Archbishop Usher says — ''et msenia, et Britannici vocabuli *Qnt* a^jectio non 

urbem maenibos dnotam, denotet;" and male oonvenit, quum tylvestribtts sepUnis 

of "Ck)it" as applicable to the forest- densafuerUj in qua hso sita est, Sus- 

situatioii of Pensavel — *' qvm Pemseia seziensis regio." 
hodie dicta, primo Guilielmi Normanni 



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40 ASHDOWN POBEST. 

forests, and the contraction of their limits, may be traced by 
the names of places and parishes in different parts of the 
county; those ending in field or fold being considered as in- 
dicating that they were first brought into cultivation, and 
those ending in hurst^ or holty the last. 

Reduced, however, as the forests of Sussex are, they are 
still well known to occupy at the present day a very conside- 
rable portion of the northern part of the County. And 
although they cannot for the most part be looked upon in any 
other light than as barren and desolate wastes — and in 
an agricultural point of view as wholly without value — 
although 

" The scenes are desert now and bare, 
Where flourished once a forest fair, 
When these waste glens with copse were lin'd, 
And peopled with the hart and hind ;'* 

still to the geologist, and the lover of botanical pursuits, 
they are not altogether destitute of interest. Among the fossil 
treasures which the quarrier of stone upon these forests occa- 
sionally brings to light are impressions of fern leaves, usually 
of the Osmunda Regalis, in a very perfect state, and wood. Coal, 
too, is to be picked up on its surface; and on its bogs 
are found many rare plants. The admirer also of the pictu- 
resque will find it beautifully diversified by hill and dale, 
the views from some of its more elevated spots being very ex- 
tensive; and I trust to succeed in showing, which is more 
consistent with my present purpose, that, if not the whole 
Sussex range, the particular forest called Ashdown has arch- 
fiBological claims to our notice as well. 

From the time of the Conquest until the 53rd of Henry 
III. (1268), at which time this forest was vested in the 
Crown, in perpetuity, it appears to have followed all the 
changes and chances to which Pevensey Castle was subject. 
As long as the Conqueror lived, the Earl of Moreton, to 
whom he had assigned this barony,, held peaceable possession 
of it; but on the accession of Rufus, this ceased to be the 
case. The troubles of this part of Sussex then began. This 
king having laid siege to the castle, the Earl and his brother, 
after holding out for some time, were at last driven by famine 
to surrender; and having thus obtained possession of thi& 



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ASHDOWN FOBEST. 41 

stronghold, Rufus made it one of his first acts to grant to 
the Abbey of Grestein in Normandy some of the privileges 
belonging to the lordship; among which were — "in his 
Forest of Pevensel, pannage for their hogs, and herbage for 
their cattle, with timber for the repair of their churches and 
howses, and for fewel." To these be added the Manor of 
Wylmington. 

The castle and forest of Pevensel having escheated to the 
Crown in the reign of Henry I., they were conferred by him 
on Gilbert de Aquila, who made Pevensey Castle his place of 
residence, and the headship of the Honour of the Eagle. The 
term Honour is usually applied to a lordship that has other 
lordships under it. Originally a lordship was not deemed 
an Honour unless it belonged to the king ; but afterwards, 
upon their being given in fee to noblemen, they were allowed 
to retain the name. Spelman, speaking of an Honour, says 
— " Honor plurima complectit maneria, plurima feoda mili- 
taria, plurima regalia, etc. Dictus etiam olim est feodum 
regale, tentusque semper a rege in capite." Honours were 
sometime paramount over a whole Rape, as in the case of the 
Honour of Arundel. 

Besides lands and woods in the parish of Wyllingdon, and 
the tythes of the lordship and castle of Pevensey, Richard, 
the son of this Gilbert de Aquila, gave as a peace-offering to 
the Abbey of Grestein, herbage in his Forest of Pevensel, 
for their cattle, with many other rights and privileges. 

It was the grandson of this Richard, who, after he had suc- 
ceeded to this castle and lordship, and had become the founder 
of the Priory of Michelham, endowed it with the lordship of 
Michelham, and the park of Pevensey ; and this is the first 
intimation we have of the Forest of Pevensel having been em- 
parked. A full account of this Priory will be found in Vol. 
VI. p. 129, of our Sussex Archaeological Collections. 

This Richard " Dominus de Aquila," as he styles himself 
in the foundation charter of this priory, appears to have 
been the first of the possessors of the Barony of Pevensey 
to interest himself much in the more northern parts of it. 
For among the lands and tenements with which this priory 
'was endowed by him, are some stated to be in Maresfield, 
Hartfield, and Cowden, all of them parishes connected with 

XIV. G 

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42 ASHDOWN FOREST. 

these northern parts of the forest district, and now situated 
on its borders. Cowden being in Kent, was not included in 
the Rape of Pevensey. The church of Maresfield is sup- 
posed to have been built by him, and endowed with conside- 
rable forest rights. 

During the reigns of Edward I. and II., and until the 44th 
of Edward III (1371), the Honour of Pevensey continued 
to be held by the Crown. But in that year it was granted 
by Edward the Third to his third son John of Gaunt, in ex- 
change for the Earldom of Richmond. In the deed by which 
this exchange was effected, and grant made, it is called " the 
castle and Leucate of Pevensey ;" which is the first mention 
we have of the term Leucate, as applied to the territorial dis- 
trict attached to this castle of which this forest was part; the 
origin and exact meaning of which archaeologists have not 
yet been able to discover. Mr. West, in his history of Withy ham, 
states it to have been "a measure of land containing about a 
mile.^^ But what he means by " about a mile" he does not tell us. 
Rymer in his Foedera' gives this deed of exchange and grant, 
which is headed " Pro Johanne Rege Castellse et Legionis 
Duce Lancastrise de terris sibi datis in excambio pro Comi- 
tatu RichmondisB, Anno 46th Edward III." (1372). The 
particular lands, etc., included in it are stated, inter alia, to 
be the Baily wick of Endelenewick, and the Free-chase of Ash- 
don, with the rights and liberties appertaining to each. The 
deed sets forth, that " Whereas the high and mighty Prince 
Lord Edward, King of England and France, had advanced 
his most dear son John, King of Castille, to the Earldom of 
Richmond, and did give and grant unto him the Honor, 
Castles, Manors, Lands, etc. to the said Earldom belonging, 
which if they were again transferred to him, the King of 
England, and the royal throne, whence they had first issued, 
would tend not less to the advantage of the said king and 
the whole realm of England, than to the quiet and honour 
of the same. And for that the said John, King of Castille, 
like a grateful son, preferring his father's pleasure, and the 
honour and convenience of the kingdom of England to his 
own private advantage, had of his own pure will and free 

» Tcm. VI., p. 729. 

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ASHDOWN FOREST. 43 

accord especially acquiesced and granted that the Earldom 
should be given up to his father, the aforesaid Lord King of 
England, who, extolling with many praises his son's grati- 
tude, and being willing to make competent retribution to him, 
and having an eye as well to a better provision for the sup- 
port of his station, gave and granted to him and his heirs " 
the estates which I have just mentioned. 

What rights and privileges were included under the term 
" the Bailywick of Endelenewick," and to what particular 
district it referred I am unable to say, not having found any 
other allusion to it. From its being joined with the Forest 
of Ashdon, I am disposed to consider it as in some way con- 
nected with it. 

In this grant to John of Gaunt, we first meet with the 
name of Ashdon in a limited sense, as applicable, that is, to 
the portion of the Forest now under consideration, for it is 
there evidently treated as a separate and independent pro- 
perty ; it is there manifestly intended to apply to a part only 
of what had previously been included under the designation 
of the Forest of Pevensel. This is clearly shewn from the 
Forest Grant to Michelham Priory being called " as of the 
Park of Pevensel," where as in the grant to John of Gaunt, 
the Forest of Ashdon is called " 2 Free-chase," which shews it 
to have been unenclosed at that time; a Chase, generally 
speaking, being a portion of a forest set apart for the purpose 
indicated by the name, and differing from a park in this 
respect, that a park implied in ancient times an enclosed 
space, for the most part in a forest, whereas a chase was open 
and unenclosed. 

The Free Chapel of Maresfield, which was a part of this 
grant, and which the Records of the Duchy of Lancaster shew 
was erected in the time of Richard de Aquila, if not by him, 
was endowed by his generosity with sixty acres of forest 
land, besides other forest advantages. For an account of 
this Free Chapel, now extinct, see the Sussex Arch£eological 
Collections, Vol. IX., p. 41. 

The separate forest rights of the ReQtor of Maresfield and 
the Chaplain of this Chapel, are set forth in a deed called, 
" An Extent of the Forest of Ashdowne," a copy of which is 

G 2 



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44 ASHDOWN FOEEST. 

entered on a blank leaf of one of the older Register Books of 
the parish. It is as follows : — 

" An Extent of the Forest of Ashdowne, made the 14th 
day of Aprill, in the yeare of our Lord, 1576, and in the 
yeare of the raigne of our Sovereign Ladye, Elizabeth, by the 
grace of God, Queen of England, France, and Irlonde, the 
Seaventh, &c., by these underwritten." 

" Concerning the Parson of Marsfield, as foUoweth : Impri- 
mis, the Parson of Marsfield ought to have by ancient custome, 
16 kine, and one bull, during the whole yeare : and to have 
20 hogges acquitt from pannage for the whole year (where 
the Prior of Michelham hath his kine.") 

" Item : the Chaplayne of Marsfield ought to have in the 
fforest, by ancient custome, 15 kine, and one bull on the 
South side of Leabrooke, duringe the yeare, and also with 
custome. And if they transgresse the bownes, pardonable : 
And 20 hogges by ancient custome, and acquitt of pannage : 
And shall have Houseboote, Hayeboote, Heathboote, and 
Wood for the fire, by deliverance of the Master of the 
fforest." 

This Extent is witnessed by several gentlemen interested 
in the different Wards, under the head of the Ward in which 
their interests principally lay, as foUows : — 

"South- ward: Nicholas Pope, gentleman; John Rootes, 
gentleman; Ralph Hogge, gentleman; Thomas Awcocke, de 
ViM; Thomas Awcocke, de Chelworthe; Thomas Awcocke, 
de Markestrete ; Roger Yeomans ; Henry Hoade." 

" West- ward : James Picas, gentleman ; John Payne, Plaw- 
hatch; William Cealman; Edward Agland; John Walleye; 
Richard Cooke ; Thomas Fennis." 

Costlye-ward : John Gilbert; Richard Hardman; John 
Saxbies; William Alfrey; Richard Farfield." 

" I find this," the Extent continues, " to be also made and 
confirmed Anno Regis Edwardi III, per William Norman, 
Alexander Attwood, Richard Harley, et alios. This," that is, 
the ancient deed, from which the information of these gentle- 
men as to the Extent was obtained, " is in the hands of Old 
Payne." 

The " Old Payne" here alluded to was probably the Patri- 



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ASHDOWN rOBEST. 45 

arch of the ancient family of Payne, long resident at Legge's 
Heath in Eastgrinstead, and a Master of the Forest. A de* 
scendant of his was Sheriff of Sussex in 1768, of whom it is 
currently reported, that during the year he served the office, 
he never went to church, or in any way appeared in publick, 
except in full dress, with a cocked-hat on his head, and a 
sword by his side, and whenever he went to market or a 
meeting of any kind at Eastgrinstead, he had, in addition, 
his state saddle, saddle-cloth, and holster, furnished with a 
pair of richly silver-chased pistols. When questioned on 
the subject, his reply was that, in his opinion, the dignity of 
the office required it. The last of the family of the direct 
male line died in Maresfield at an advanced age, and in very 
reduced circumstances, about six years ago. In his cottage 
I have often seen the saddle-cloth, richly embroidered with 
gold, the pistols, the sword, and the spurs, which his father 
used as sherifl^ and which the son greatly valued, as testify- 
ing to the quondam greatness of the family. After his death 
they were all sold to a broker for a few shillings. 

Connected with this Forest of Ashdowne, was the Royal 
Palace or Hunting Seat, which stood upon it, and which 
Edward II. is supposed to have built. Its site was on the 
high ground to the north of, and on the opposite side of the 
valley to, that on whicTi the chapel stood. Traditionally it 
is placed in the wood called the " Vechery." Here this King 
occasionally resided for the purposes of sport; and from his 
Palace at Maresfield he executed two deeds, still extant, 
of the date of Sept. 23rd and 24th, 1324. He also dates 
letters from the same Palace, Sept. 22nd and Oct. 2nd. 
(See Vol. VI., p. 51.) There is a deed of this King in 
the Tower of London, attested at Withyham, in which he 
commands all proceedings against some Foresters of the 
Forest of Tonbridge, for certain irregularities of which they 
were accused, to be stopt. The King, Mr. West tells us, was 
at the time on his way from Leedes Castle in Kent to Mares- 
field. This Palace was also a favourite residence of Edward 
III. and John^of Gaunt. As the Chase of Ashdon, or Ash- 
downe, was emparked during the reign of these two Edwards, 
and subsequently considerably enlarged and improved by 
John of Gaunt, upon its coming into his possession, it may 



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46 ASHDOWN FOREST. j 

reasonably be conceived that they would have had a hunting | 
seat upon it; particularly when we consider the distance I 
which Pevensey Castle, their occasional place of residence, 
would be from this Park. The older residents of Nutley and | 
its vicinity speak of the time when King John (John of ^ 
Gaunt,) resided in the district as familiarly as they do of ' 
Mr. Bradford, a former possessor of Pippingford, or any other i 
gentleman once resident amongst them. Faint traces of the 
foundations of this Palace are still to be discovered where it 
is supposed to have stood : and elderly people of the neigh- \ 
bourhood speak of them as much more clearly perceptible in ] 
their younger days, and of having heard their fathers and 
grandfathers allude to foundation walls actually standing . 
above ground in their time. I have a silver coin of Edward 
11. , which was found upon the spot. 

It is to be regretted that the records of the Duchy of 
Lancaster are not more accessible to the public than they 
are, and that we have only the Calendars, published by the 
Record Commissioners, since doubtless they would be found 
upon examination, to throw much light on the history of 
Lancaster Great Park, and to clear up points, which, if they 
are not involved in obscurity and doubt, would be so, if it were 
not for the light which other contemporary records cast upon 
them. To these records we are indebted for the scanty know- 
ledge which we possess of this forest and park in particular. 
From the Duchy records we might perhaps be able to learn 
for a certainty who erected the free chapel of Nutley, and 
when and why it was suflfered to go to decay ; by whom the 
hunting seat of John of Gaunt was built, and when it was 
discontinued as a royal residence ; we might, in short, be put 
in possession of many interesting particulars connected with 
this southern portion of the Duchy of which we are now 
almost wholly ignorant. They might also have enlightened 
us on the subject of some of the peculiar privileges and 
customs, which, like the inhabitants of other franchises, those 
resident within the park enjoyed ; one of which is supposed to 
have been freedom from arrest by the sheriff of the county ; 
and the Calendar of Pleadings of the Duchy of Lancaster 
prove that exemption from serving on juries and inquests is 
another. In a trial which took place the 29th of Elizabeth 



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ASHDOWN FOREST. 47 

(1687), in which John Rootes, Marshal or Ranger of the 
forest, was the plaintiff, and the Sheriffs of Sussex were the 
defendants, a claim of exemption from serving on juries and 
inquests for the residents within the precincts of Marshall's 
manor and Ashdown Forest, Maresfield, was brought to issue 
and decided in favour of the plaintiff. 

From the time of Edward III. to that of Charles II., a 
period of rather more than three centuries, we know nothing 
more of this great park than that, during two and a half of 
the centuries, it was kept up and very strictly preserved as a 
royal park, and for the pleasures of a royal chase; having 
attached to it a full complement of bailiff, rangers, verderers, 
etc., who at first resided near to, or within it. But after a 
time the bailiff ceased to be so resident, some person of rank 
and station in the kingdom being appointed nominally to it, 
and the deputy under him, called " the Master of the Forest," 
alone resided. In the time of Edward I. Sir Walter Durrant, 
Knight, was bailiff; and from him were descended the Dur- 
rants of Rutlandshire and Oxfordshire.* 

In the 2nd of Edward II. (1318), Thomas Culpeper was 
appointed bailiff.* 

In the 31st of Henry VIII. (1539), Edmond Hensley, or 
Henslow, of Lindfield, was Master of the Game in this Forest 
and the Broil.^ He was father of Philip Henslow, the part- 
ner with Edward AUeyn the actor in the Rose Theatre on 
the Bankside; Henslow's Diary, published by the Shake- 
speare Society, and edited by Mr. J. Payne Collier, was taken 
from a manuscript written in a book of accounts, from 1576 
to 1586, connected with the felling, sale, and consumption of 
wood in this forest. 

This continued until the commencement of the sixteenth 
century, when we find the office held by some gentleman 
living in the immediate neighbourhood of the park. The 
Kidders of Maresfield, held it for some years, as I have 
shown in my history of this ancient Maresfield family. Vol. 
IX. p. 125. With how great interest must the king's visit 
to his hunting seat upon this forest have been looked forward 
to by the nobility and gentry of the surrounding neighbour- 

* Wright's Rutlandshire, p. 40. * Cal : Due : Lancastr. 

« Rot: Pat: 2, No. 33. 

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48 ASHDOWN FOBEST. 

hood, if upon these sporting occasions, which generally lasted 
throughout August and September, his Majesty, as was the 
case in Scotland, made a point of summoning by previous 
proclamation " all the lords, barons, gentlemen, lanwardmen, 
and freeholders, so situated, each duly equipt for the chase, 
to attend upon and assist him;" such as had dogs being 
warned to bring them with them. So great oft-times was the 
gathering upon these occasions in Scotland, that ^^ eighteen 
score of harts" were often killed in a day. 

The following allusions to the park are found in the re- 
gister books of Maresfield — " 1595. — A poore boy that died 
in the Pare was buried. 1639 — Mary, the wife of Richard 
Norman, the Parcman, was buried. 1642. — John, the son 
of John Peacock, keeper in the Pare, was baptized." 

In what state the park was when it was first enclosed it 
would now be difficult to say; but in the time of Charles I., 
and for many years before, it was, for the convenience of deer 
pasturage, divided into wards and walks. In the Parlia- 
mentary survey made in April, 1658, the great Park, with 
full particulars of the seven wards into which it was divided, 
and of the lodges standing upon them, are given with their 
boundaries in detail. The whole park consisted of 13,991a. 
Or. 37p. ; and the seven walks are thus represented : — 

1. South- ward and West- ward not then divided. Of this 
no quantities are stated, nor is the name of the keeper given. 

2. Pippingford walk, 704a., with the lodge, 21a.; John 
Pranke, keeper. 

3. Hindeleape walk, 341a. Ir., with the lodge, 30a. ; 
Francis Hesmond, keeper. 

4. Broadstone walk, 1108a. 2r., and lodge, 37a.; John 
Norman, keeper. 

5. Coombe Deane walk, 1040a., and lodge, 15a.; James 
Kingsland, keeper. 

6. White Deane walk, 1843a., and lodge, 10a. ; John Nor- 
man, keeper. 

7. Duddleswell walk, and lodge, 30a. ; Robert Brookes, 
keeper. 

There was also Warren lodge and ground, 100a., in Broad- 
stone walk, and 744a. Ir. in East Grinstead, Richard Gibson, 
tenant; Old Lodge and ground, 9a. ; in Coombedeane walk, 

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ASHDOWN POREST. 49 

in Hartfield, and waste, 1502a. 2r., Henry Ford, tenant; 
also lands called Prestridge Bank, and Footbridge, 417a. ; and 
White House, otherwise Chamberiayne's House, in Mares- 
field, 20a. 

Sir Henry Compton was Ranger of the Forest at this 
time, but the Keepers held their appointments, made in 
1646 by the Earl of Pembroke, as Master of the Game. 

Judging from a map of the park of about this date, in 
which the boundary fences of the whole, and of these sub- 
divisions are laid down, with the situation of the Ranger's 
Lodges, &c., kindly lent me by the late Mr. G. Hoper, 
the park must have been at that time in a tolerably complete 
state — the lodges all standing, and the different enclosures 
well stocked with game and deer. But even without the aid 
of a map, the park might even now be pretty clearly ascer- 
tained by the names of places still remaining, which were origi- 
nally derived from their adjacency to one or other of its different 
entrance gates, as Forest Gate, Prickett's Hatch, and Braby's 
Hatch, in Maresfield; Clay Gate, Barn's Gate, and Crowborough 
Gate in Buxted; Fisher's Gate, and Tye's Gate, in Withyham; 
Coleman's Hatch, and Chuck Hatch, in Hartfield; Plaw 
Hatch, in Eastgrinstead ; and Chelworth Gate, in Fletching; 
with many others that might be mentioned. In the different 
wards and walks many hundred head of deer were accommo- 
dated. Some of the names of the places around were evi- 
dently derived from their connection with this forest and 
park, such as Kidbrooke, Hartfield, and Hartwell; Buck- 
hurst, Buckstead, and Buckstye. Large herds of horses also 
are said to have been kept in this park. 

One circumstance connected with its history must not be 
omitted upon this occasion. To the north of Duddleswell is 
some rising ground, called *' King-standing Hill," a name 
which is supposed to have been given to it from the circum- 
stance of Edward II. having stationed himself there upon 
the occasion of one or more of his visits to this part of 
Sussex, while the different herds of deer and cattle were 
brought before him for his inspection or sport. The late 
Earl of Liverpool used to assign to it a later origin. He im- 
agined it to have arisen from a similar exhibition of the 
Forest Stock to Queen Elizabeth upon the occasion of her 

XIV. H 

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50 ASHBOWK FOREST. } 

I 

visit to Majrfield Palace, during one of her royal progresses; 
and that he had somewhere seen it designated ^^Queen- 
standing Hill." Possibly both might have happened. A 
better place for such a display could not well have been 
selected, overlooking as it does a large tract of the forest. 
They who are familiar with the works of Sir Walter Scott 
will call to mind a particular spot in Waverley Chase, of 
which the hero of the tale is said to have been very fond; 
and which was called " Queen's-standing ;" Queen Elizabeth, 
while stationed there, having killed seven bucks with her own 
hand upon one of her visits to Scotland. The tradition held 
by some, that it was called " King's-standing" because it was 
selected by Henry HI. as the spot from which he might 
safely witness the battle of Lewes, is almost too absurd to 
merit serious notice. 

As early as the fifth of Henry V. (1418), this park ap- 
pears to have been subject to fraudulent usage, for in that 
year John Pelham, who held the Castle of Pevensey and the 
Honor of the Eagle, with lands and tenements in the £ape of 
Pevensey, is charged with waste by sale and destruction of 
timber, &c., in (inter alia) Ashdown Forest and Maresfield.^ 
But in Henry VIII.'s reign it was evidently much neglected 
and encroached upon. From the same Calendar of Plead- 
ings, Depositions, &c., of the Duchy of Lancaster,® to which 
I have before alluded, we learn that in the 31st year of 
that reign (1540), a suit was prosecuted in the Duchy 
Court, the first of which we have any record, in which the 
King was plaintiflT, and John Conyngesby, Receiver General 
of the Duchy, Nicholas Drabell, Esq., Surveyor of the Duchy 
Woods, and others, were defendants. This led to the issuing 
of a commission to inquire into, and, as far as possible, person- 
ally to view, the state of the waste of the woods, the 
destruction of game and deer, and the decay of the park 
palings, on Ashdowne Forest, and to report thereon, as well as 
what repairs were, in their opinion, needful to the lodges 
generally, but particularly to Pypyngworth (Pippingford) 
Lodge, and the New Lodge. In their return the Commis- 
sioners have given their interrogatories, depositions, and pre- 
sentments in extenso. The wards, lodges, and courts men- 
tioned in it are South- Ward, Duddleswell Lodge and Court, 

' ^^'. Inq: p. m., p. 4, n. 10. ^ yoi. ii. p. 66, 



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ASHDOWN FOREST. 61 

Costeley-Ward, Newbridge and West- Ward, Deane's Lodge, 
Cavelle's Lodge, Pypyngworth Lodge, and Browne's Lodge. 
The result of this suit was to bring to light much neglect of 
duty on the part of the different officers of this forest and 
park. 

We also find by the same Calendar, that, later in this reign, 
John Sekevile and Edward Gage were appointed by this 
King Commissioners, " to enquire into, and report upon the 
waste and destruction of the King's woods and game of deer." 
The articles to be enquired of included also the certificates of 
the verdicts of inquests taken, and presentments of the jury 
made, and therein of the right to common, and to frith,.marle, 
heath, thatch, and mast, and pannage for the swine, and way- 
bote and plowbote for the king's tenants on Ashdowne forest, 
and particularly in the Duddleswell Court. Other disputes 
also arose, which in the 3rd and 4th of William and Mary 
(1692-3), led to Edmund Henslowe, master of the game in 
their Majesties' Forest of Ashdowne, and keeper of the king's 
and queen's deer within the said forest, filing a bill against 
John Erie, Thomas Davy, and others, tenants of the manor 
of Duddleswell, in reference to a disputed title to timber 
and wood, with the right of deer-hunting, and strays of cattle 
which the tenants claimed by the custom of the forest; and 
to a request that the matter might be enquired into by in- 
^ dictment at Swaine-mote, or Wood Court of the forest, and 
not in the Duchy Court.* 

During the succeeding reigns, and more particularly those 
of James and the two Charleses, this neglect appears to have 
continued. As the fences went to decay they were not re- 
paired; so that on the 3rd of March, 1605, Thomas, Earl 
of Dorset, enforced the request of the tenants of this forest 
for a commission to himself to cut down timber for repairing 
the pales, to enable him to preserve the game in which the 
king delighted. He was the master of the forest at the time, 
his son Robert^*^ obtaining the same appointment after his 

• Calendar of Pleadings, Vol. Si. p. dleswell Lodge their official place of re- 

145. flidenoe, as Earl Robert by his will directs 

^° Robert, Earl of Dorset's warrant of a hatchment to be placed on this Lodge 

appointment is dated Septr. 28th, 1609 — upon his decease. Foundations of this 

Richard, Earl of Dorset's, June 21)th, Lodge are still to be traced, and portions 

1660. The Earls of Dorset, as masters of the stone mullions of its windows have 

of the forest, appear to have made Dud- been found on its site. 

H 2 



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52 ASHDOWN FOSBST. 

father^s death; and in 1660 Bicliard, Earl of Dorset, prayed 
for and obtained a grant of this mastership, nrging as his 
plea that, for a centorj past, his ancestors had held it, the 
forest and park lying near to their estates. Still the vacancies 
among the inferior forest officers, as they occurred, were not kept 
duly filled np ; so that a lawless set of men, who had for 
some time been springing np about the forest, committed 
serious depredations upon it, both by destroying the timber, 
and slaying the deer, which could no longer be confined 
to the park. This went on unheeded and tmchecked for 
some years, imtil at length when it became absolutely needful 
to attempt to put a stop to it, the disputes to which it gave 
rise assumed so serious an aspect, that it again became neces- 
sary to have recourse to the strong arm of the law. What the 
licentiousness of the commonwealth had fostered, the commo- 
tions occasioned by the civil wars completed ; and the total 
annihilation of the park was thus brought about. 

These disputes, however, were far irom terminating with 
the destruction of Lancaster Great Park. Having been de- 
mised by the Crown later in the reign of Charles IL, fiill 
power was given to the different lessees to re-enclose and re- 
stock it; of which privileges they no sooner attempted to avail 
themselves, than the fences which they put up were imme- 
diately thrown down again by persons claiming a right of 
pasturage and estovers upon it, as tenants of the Maresfield 
and Duddleswell manors. And this opposition continuing — 
the lessees under the Crown were so constantly impeded in 
their endeavours to improve the property demised to them — 
that it was determined to test the rights of the two parties 
in a court of law. A bill was therefore filed in the court of 
the Duchy of Lancaster in 1691, which led to a decree, dated 
Michaelmas term, 3rd of William and Mary, by which all 
existing differences were adjusted, and the rights of each of 
the dissatisfied parties settled. In this suit, the Earl of 
Dorset, as Lessee at the time under the Crown, and other con- 
siderable landowners of the neighbourhood, were plaintiffs, 
and John Newnham and others, claiming an interest in the 
pasturage as tenants of the above manors, defendants. 
From the statements in this bill, and the different pleadings 
which it led to, we learn many interesting particulars con- 



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ASHBOWN FOBEST. 53 

nected with the history of this forest, from the time it ceased 
to be a royal park. The plaintifife stated that the progenitors 
and predecessors of their Majesties then on the throne, as 
kings and queens of England, were, in their several reigns, 
in lawful possession, in right of their Duchy of Lancaster, of 
an extensive tract of uncultivated land known as Ashdown 
Forest, otherwise called Lancaster Great Park, and of the 
several lodges, wards, and walks into which it was divided ; 
together with other houses and buildings; and of the woods, 
underwoods, coppices, and iron-works belonging to it; and 
that, for the better security of the deer and other stock, and 
for the preservation of the wood, they had in ancient times 
— times far beyond the memory of man — divided this forest 
by metes and bounds, and enclosed about 13,000 acres of 
it within a pale ; and for its security and proper management 
had appointed rangers, keepers, and other officers, whose duty 
it was to look to the preservation of the game, and to receive 
and account for the rents and profits of the iron-works, woods, 
coppices, etc., and of the agistment of cattle, and pannage of 
hogs, arising within this park or forest, and its different wards 
and walks, which they were accustomed to pay over as part 
of the revenue of the Duchy, for the use of the Crown, until 
about the year 1641 or 1642, when this forest or park, being 
then well stocked with red and fallow deer, and its lodges 
and fences in good repair, and there being good store of fine 
timber in its woods, was by the malicious people of those 
times totally destroyed, the deer killed, and the palings 
thrown down, the woods wasted, the fences ruined, and the 
whole forest laid open and waste; in which state it con- 
tinued until the happy restoration of his late Majesty, 
who being anxious for its improvement, and willing to give 
it up for that purpose, as well for his own profit as the pub- 
lic good, granted by his letters patent, dated April 1st, 
1662, a demise of the premises to the Right Honourable the 
Earl of Bristol, for the term of 99 years, under an annual 
rent of £200, to be paid quarterly. This Earl had peti- 
tioned on the 1st of December, 1660, for the grant 
of Ashdowne Forest and the Broyle, which were so des- 
troyed in the disturbances of those times, that his late 
Majesty intended to have disaforested them : and a reference 



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54 ASHDOWN FOREST, 

was made to Lord Seymour as Chancellor of the Duchy of 
Lancaster, the Earl of Dorset having petitioned for the 
part called Ashdowne Forest, and Mr. Bassett for the Lands 
known as Lancaster Park." On the 1st October, 1661, an 
agreement was entered into between the Earls of Dorset and 
Bristol, by which the latter entered into a bond to pay £100 
for 99 years out of the profits, on the former's resigning all 
his interest. But the Earl of Dorset broke through the ar- 
rangement, and a law suit was the result." This led to a 
demise of this forest and park, as. just stated, being granted 
to the Earl of Bristol and his executors. In this lease full power 
was given to the Earl to divide, sub-divide, and re-enclose " 
the park, in the best way he could, for his profit and ad- 
vantage; and that all obstruction on the part of the 
Crown to his doing so might be removed, his Majesty, by 
the same letters patent, disaforested it. In the exercise 
of the rights thus granted to him, this noble earl proceeded 
at once to enclose several extensive tz'acts of the forest by 
ditches and fences; and after having expended large sums 
of money in doing so, and in improving the land enclosed, 
his plans were frustrated " by the crossness of the neigh- 
bourhood," which led such as claimed rights of pasturage 
on the enclosed lands, and who felt aggrieved by this in- 
terference with what they considered their ancient privi- 
lege, to throw down his hedges, and again lay open his 
enclosures, as fast as they were made; thereby preventing 
his deriving any profit, pecuniary or other, from them. The 
consequence of which was, that the Crown Rents fell into 
arrear, and the lease, by a proviso inserted in it, thus became 
forfeited, of which proviso the Crown availed itself by resuming 
possession. 

The same premises were next leased on the 22nd of October, 
1674, to Sir John Packyngton, Bart., and Reginald Graham, 
and Robert Legge, Esqrs., as trustees for Penelope, Kathe- 
rine, Elizabeth, and Mary, the daughters of Col. Washington 
deceased, for a term of 31 years, at the same reserved rent of 
£200 per annum, with a nominal rent of 12d. in addition. 
They too, finding great diflSculty in turning the land to a 
profitable account from a like frustration of, and opposition 

»» S.P.O. Dom., vol. xxui, No. 2 and 3. «• Ibid, vol. Ixiil, No. 6 and 7. 



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ASHDOWN FOREST* 55 

to their plans, entered into an agreement to sell their interest 
in it to Sir Thomas Williams, who, having in fulfilment of 
this agreement, paid a considerable sum of money to them, 
and being thereby entitled to the premises for the unexpired 
portion of their lease, his Majesty was* pleased to secure him, 
his heirs and assigns, in the full and undisturbed possession 
of it, by letters patent under the Duchy Seal, dated Nov'. 
22nd, 1677; Joseph Fell, Esq., being joined with him in 
the demise as his trustee. Under this lease the reserved rent 
was lowered to £100 per annum, and 12d, and other valuable 
considerations, the nature and amount of which are not par- 
ticularly mentioned. From this lease we learn what the 
premises thus demised consisted of. They are described as 
" the reversion and reversions of all that parcel of land called 
' Ashdown Forest,' or Lancaster Great Park, with the ap- 
purtenances, and all honours, manors, lands, tenements, and 
hereditaments, parcel thereof, in the County of Sussex, 
together with the annual rents arising from any grant or de- 
mise of the premises reserved; and all the walks, lodges, and 
enclosed grounds, within the said forest and park; and the 
soil thereof, parcel of the said Duchy, situate, &c., within the 
bounds, limits, and perambulations of the parishes of Mares- 
field, Eastgrinstead, Hartfield, Withyham, and Buxted, or 
any of them, or elsewhere in the county of Sussex ; and all 
rents, reserved upon lease for life or lives; and all covenants, 
pains, and forfeitures, nomine poense, rights of entry, for non- 
payment, and all conditions and advantages for the recovery 
thereof, and all Court-leets, Hundred Courts, Avorsfield 
Courts, and customary Courts Baron; and all rents of free 
and customary tenants; and all quit-rents, and other tribu- 
tary and customary payments, and other profits and commo- 
iities thereunto belonging; and all the manor of Duddleswell; 
and all the Honor of Aquila, with its rights, members, and ap- 
purtenances, being parcel or reputed parcel of the said forest 
or park ; and all woods, underwoods, timber trees, and other 
trees whatsoever, growing or being within the said forest, 
with divers other rights, privileges, and advantages, there- 
unto belonging or appertaining." 

But before the expiration of the term of this Lease, the 
same King, by other Letters Patent under the same Seal, 



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56 ASHDOWN FOBEST. 

dated May 14th, 1677, granted the Rent of £100 and Is, 
reserved upon this demise to Sir Thomas Williams and Joseph 
Fell, Esqrs., to the Earl of Dorset, and his heirs and assigns 
for ever. 

Sir Thomas Williams and Joseph Fell having thus become 
possessed of this Forest or Chase, and its soil, instead of 
using it themselves, demised the premises, with the full con- 
sent of the Crown, to Alexander Staples, for a long term of 
years, under a yearly rent, the amount of which is not stated ; 
who agreed with certain other persons for dividing and re- 
enclosing the land by ditches and fences ; and this being done, 
they caused some parts to be sown with grain, while they laid 
other parts down in meadow and pasture, under the hope that 
they might be permitted to reap the fruits of the one, and enjoy 
the profits of the other. In this, however, they were disap- 
pointed ; for the defendants, pretending to the possession of 
some title or interest in the lands so enclosed and improved, 
but more particularly to common of pasturage and estovers, 
combined together to oppose such improvements, and threw 
down the hedges and fences which had been put up, threatening 
at the same time to impound the cattle that might be turned 
out upon the lands ; by this means disabling the lessees from 
discharging their rent when due to the Earl of Dorset, greatly 
to his loss and damage. Their opposition was founded on a 
right which they claimed as tenants of certain lands, to the 
soil of the Forest and Park ; and to have upon the lands so 
enclosed Common, appendant or by grant, for all their cattle ; 
and Common of Estovers in right of such of their houses as 
were situated in either of the parishes of East Grinstead, 
Hartfield, Withyham, Buxted, Maresfield, Horsted Keynes, 
Fletching, or Westhothly; disregarding the fact, that suffi- 
cient common had already been allotted to them by Commis- 
sioners specially appointed by the Duchy Court for the purpose, 
in lieu of their claims, at the time the Forest or Park was 
impaled. The lessees therefore maintained, that if at any 
time since they had been permitted to pasture their Cattle 
within the Park, or enclosed lands, it was upon suflferance 
only, or by way of agistment, for which they had been amply 
compensated either with money, or by some other service which 
they had agreed to perform within the limits of the Forest or 



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ASHDOWN FOREST, 57 

Park; or it might have been granted to them as a recom- 
pence for such unavoidable damage as they might have sus- 
tained, from time to time, either in their corn, grass, or other 
crops, by the outlying deer feeding upon them; and as by the 
destruction of the deer this had now ceased, the recompence 
should cease also. And as to common of estovers within the 
Park, that they had never exercised it as a right; but that 
whenever they had enjoyed it, it had been courteously as- 
signed to them by the Keepers and other Officers of the 
Forest or Park as a compensation for some service which they 
had performed; and as the Forest had since then been disa- 
forested, this recompence ought also to cease. 

In their reply the defendants fully admitted the truth of 
the plaintiff's representation as far as the early history of the 
Forest and Park was concerned, but pleaded total ignorance of 
the nature and extent of any grants made to them, and of 
the rights and privileges which they were stated thereby to 
enjoy; and that their claims were based on the result of an 
Inquisition taken the 8th year of James I. (1611) by virtue 
of a Conmiission issued for ascertaining the rights of his 
Majesty and his Ancestors in this Forest, who found, inter 
alia, that the tenants and inhabitants entitled to common of 
estovers, and pasture in this Forest, were of three kinds. 
Free-tenants, Inter-tenants, and Foreign-tenants; Free-tenants 
being such as held of the King's Manor of Duddleswell, or 
immediately of the Manor of Maresfield, which had then 
lately been purchased of the Crown; Inter-tenants, such as 
held of either of these, or of some other Manors; Foreign- 
tenants, such as did not hold at all of these two Manors, 
but of some other Manor in the neighbourhood. And they 
further set out, that both the Free-tenants and the Inter- 
tenants were entitled by custom to herbage in the Forest, and 
such as had houses to estovers in addition; and that the 
Foreign tenants could claim herbage only, except in a 
few particular instances mentioned; that all customary 
tenants ought to have common of pasture, or herbage 
for all the cattle they were able to keep through the 
winter upon the customary lands for which they claimed, ex- 
cept for six weeks between Michaelmas day and St. Martin's 

XIV, I 



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68 ASHDOWN FOBEST. 

day; and that, should any cattle be found there during that 
period, belonging to people unconnected with the forest, they 
were to pay 2d. for the trespass ; if they belonged to free- 
tenants, a half-penny; if to an inter-tenant, three farthings; 
or if to a foreign-tenant. Id. ; all the tenants, however, might 
claim pannage for all the hogs they could keep in the winter 
months, during the whole year, except for 30 days, that is, 15 
before, and 15 after Midsummer; and that the customary 
tenants only who held of the King were entitled to the 
wind-fallen and root-fallen wood, provided it was taken 
between Hoc- Monday and the feast of St. Michael, and not 
later, by the appointment of the Marshall of the Forest ; and 
every free-tenant having a team, and dwelling on his custom- 
ary lands, ought to pay for a horse or mare going before the 
team, Id. yearly ; and for a horse going to the mill, the same, 
and for all other horses commoned within the forest, 6d. a- 
piece; and if they had no team, Id. for the mill horse; and 
the inter- tenants and foreign-tenants were to pay the same ; 
and to this all their title to common of pasture and estovers 
were to be Umited. This custom was to extend to several 
messuages and lands in parishes which the bill did not men- 
tion; and all persons entitled to avail themselves of it, were 
accustomed to pay for it, some 2d., some a Id. ; and every- 
one a hen, except five, who were entitled by ancient custom 
to pay in oats. The defendants denied the existence of any 
assart lands within the memory of man, but admitted that 
there were such commons as Piltdown and others alluded to in 
the bill; and that they did not claim as forest, but as man- 
orial tenants, and that their common of pasture and estovers 
was due to them for their respective messuages and lands, and 
not in respect of any office or service to be done by them in 
the forest or park, or as a recompense for damage done to 
their corn or grass by the deer ; and that such being the 
case, no improvement could be made of Ashdown Forest and 
Chase, except to their detriment and loss ; and that to make any 
adverse decision binding upon them, it should be after the issue 
of a trial at common law, and a jury of the Country ; a Court 
of Equity not being competent to set out a division of lands, 
or to adjust disputed rights. They then expressed a hope 



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ASHDOWN FOREST. 59 

that any improvements that might be allowed by the Duchy 
Court, might be limited to the remotest parts* of the forest, 
and not suffered to be made on the wastes, or parts adjacent 
to the towns or villages bordering upon it, or upon any of the 
lands adjoining to it. 

The witnesses in the cause on both sides having been ex- 
amined, the Court, which was presided over by the Chancellor 
of the Duchy, assisted by Chief Jjustice Holt, and Sir John 
Tufton, Kt., one of the Barons of the Court of Exchequer, 
expressed itself fully satisfied that sufficient common had been 
left unenclosed and open for , the use of the commoners. 
Commissioners therefore, named indifferently by both parties, 
were directed to be appointed for the purpose of setting out, 
for the use of the defendants, sufficient common, according to 
their respective rights, in the most convenient parts of the 
forest; and power was given them to choose disinterested 
parties as surveyors, to aid them in a better and more equal 
division of rights, and the result was ordered to be returned 
into the Duchy Court before the end of the ensuing Trinity 
term. Meanwhile to put a stop to further differences, all 
matters were to remain in statu quo ; and the injunction pre- 
viously issued to continue in full force, and that there might 
be no lack of wood for estovers, the plaintiffs, who were 
stated to have felled a great quantity, were restricted from 
cutting more, such restrictions being directed to apply only to 
birch, willow, and alder, these appearing to the court to be 
the only trees to which the right of estovers applied. 

Within the time appointed, the following persons, who had 
been duly nominated, and approved by the Court, as Com- 
missioners — Sir Thomas Dyke, Bart., Drew Shirley, Esq., 
Edward Payne, gent., Ealph Drake, gent., William Pellatt, 
gent., Henry Plummer, Esq., Edward Swaseland, gent., 
Sir John Pelham, Bart., James Butler, Esq., Stephen Fuller, 
Esq., Alexander Shoebridge, gent., Francis Wyatt, Esq., 
and John Browne, gent., certified, that upon view, perambu- 
lation, admeasurement, and survey of the Forest and Great 
Park, and after due consideration of the evidence given in 
the Cause, and the arguments of the Solicitors and agents, 
6400 acres, would in their opinion, be sufficient common of 

I 2 



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60 ASHDOWN FOREST. 

pasture and herbage for the defendants, commoners, and 
others, claiming a right of common in them, provided they 
were permitted to have the sole pasturage of it; and that 
with the assistance of Mr. Alexander Shoebridge and Mr. 
Kobert Whitpaine, the two appointed Surveyors, they had 
set out this number of acres in the parts of the Forest most 
convenient with reference to houses and lands claiming such 
a right, so as to leave the owners' and proprietors' shares 
convenient also for them to enclose or deal with as they 
might think best; the limits of which they had distinguished 
by metes, marks, and bounds.^ 

This arrangement was confirmed by the Court, and con- 
tinues in force to this day. 

In this report ancient dykes are alluded to by the Com- 
missioners, and in some instances adopted by them as bounds; 
which are no doubt the remains of the original Lancaster 
Great Park. There are many such dykes still remaining on 
the Forest. One near to Kidbrooke runs in a zig-zag direc- 
tion for a considerable distance. 

There are also occasionally to be met with in difierent 
parts of this Forest small pieces of land, varying both in size 
and shape, and enclosed by embankments of earth ; for what 
purpose I have been unable to discover. One of these 
enclosures near to Chelworth gate was called " the Dane's 
Church Yard," a tradition still holding among the country 
people, that in a battle fought between the Saxons and the 
Danes at or somewhere near to Dane hill in which the Danes 
were defeated, the bodies of the slaughtered were brought to 
this spot for burial. As it was reported that many years ago a 
Nutley labourer, in searching for stones within it, had found 
warlike implements, some of the members of our Society resi- 
dent in the neighbourhood, met there in 1860, at the suggestion 
of Mr. Blencowe and General Davies, for the purpose of test- 
ing the truth of the tradition by a minute pickaxe-and-spade 
examination of the ground. Nothing however was found ; no 
traces of any interments having at any time taken place there 
could be discovered, nor vestiges of any kind enabling us to 
assign an origin to these ancient enclosures ; nor would the 
warlike weapons reported to have been dug up upon the 



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ASHDOWN FOREST. 61 

spot, had there been any foundation for such statement, have 
helped us much. They would certainly have failed as a proof 
of its having been a Danish place of interment, for, among 
the articles said to have been so discovered, was a gun. Our 
exertions then led to no positive result. The shape of this 
enclosure is an irregular oval, and the quantity of land en- 
closed about a quarter of an acre. The principal breaks left 
in the embankment for entrances are on the north and south 
sides. As some of the enclosures are square, might not 
these have been Koman, to which the vicinity of one of those 
controverted spots called Cold Harbor, seems to give it some 
claim, and may not the others have been Saxon fortifications? 
At the time when my acquaintance with this forest com- 
menced — ^now full sixty years ago — there was much more 
timber upon it than is the case at the present day. Some parts 
were then covered with pollarded oaks, which were a per- 
petual source of dispute between the proprietor and the re- 
sidents, and this led to their destruction. The principal 
timber trees growing upon it at that time were pine, oak, and 
beech. Of the latter a few fine specimens now remain about 
Buckhurst, the seat of Earl De la Warr, and many more 
were to be found in other parts within my recollection, par- 
ticularly a cluster standing near to Wych-cross, on a spot 
which, from this circumstance, is still called "The High 
Beeches." Half a century ago one of this group was most 
remarkable for its antiquity and size; and though from decay 
it had become little more than a mere shell, it survived in 
this state the blasts of many a winter's storm. What a his- 
tory could this tree have unfolded to us, had it been endowed 
with the powers of speech ! Like Sir Walter Scott's "Lonely 
Thorn," in the Ettrick Forest, the local incidents of how 
many centuries would it not have been able to detail ! How 
interesting would have been the task of listening to this 
patriarch of our forest, and hear it 

"teU 
The changes of its parent de]l : 
When it was yoang how deep the shade 
A thousand mingl^ branches made ; 
How broad the shadows of the oak ; 
How clung the rowan to the rook, 



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62 ASHDOWN FOBBST. 

And thro* the foliage shewed its head, 
With Darrow leaves, and berries red ; 
What pines on ev'ry hillock sprung, 
O'er ev'ry dell what birches hung ; 
In ev'ry breeze what aspens shook, 
What alders shaded ev'ry brook ; 
Here in the shade — methinks he'd say, 
The mighty stag at noontide lay." 

Here too were still harboured at the time of which I am 
speaking, about twelve or fourteen head of deer, the descen- 
dants possibly of the stock, which were the occupants of the 
Boyal Park, and which escaped destruction when the fences 
were thrown down. As long as the timber was permitted to 
stand — and parts of this forest were a thick wood — ^the deer 
were allowed to range in a wild state, unmolested and un- 
harmed, but as their fastnesses were destroyed they took a 
wider feeding range, and in doing so fell an easy prey to 
the farmers, on whose crops they would sometimes commit 
serious depredations. The last, a doe, was accidentally 
sprung from a patch of brakes just below Gill's Lap, by the 
Hartfield and Withyham harriers, while pursuing a hare, and, 
after a run of two hours, killed, about the year 1808. Of 
this I was an eye witness. 

Ashdown forest was also well stocked with black game. So 
numerous were these birds at the commencement of the pre- 
sent century, that it was hardly possible to ride or walk 
across it in any direction without disturbing some of them. 
At that time the forest was thickly covered with heath ; but 
since then this has been so generally cut and carried away, 
that the black game, deprived of the food and shelter 
they so much delight in, have gradually disappeared, and in 
this locality are now very rarely to be met with. This is 
to be deplored; for an old blackcock, with his forked tail 
and glossy sable plumage, is one of the finest of our British 
birds. 

Poaching and smuggling have from time immemorial been 
foremost among the besetting sins of the foresters; and a 
somewhat inaccessible part of the forest near to Eastgrin- 
stead, and on the confines of Sussex and Surrey, called Cop- 
thorne, was one of their principal places of rende2rv^ous. 
Horse-stealers too frequented it; and it is said, that, when 



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ASHDOWN FOREST. 63 

closely pursued, they would here kill and bury the horses 
they had stolen to avoid detection. Assistance was always 
at hand to protect them, the sympathies of the dwellers in that 
wild locality too generally being with the evil-doer. So law- 
less indeed did this part of Ashdown forest thus become, that 
a horn, well known at the time as " the Copthorne horn," was 
kept there, for the purpose of summoning the residents of the 
surrounding neighbourhood, when aid was needed in quelling 
any great outbreak, or even upon occasions of less trying 
emergency. Thanks however to the establishment of police, 
and the introduction of a better system of morality among the 
Copthorners, the sound of this horn has long since ceased to 
awaken the echoes of this once more than ordinary licentious 
locality, and to arouse from their midnight slumbers its 
peacefrd inhabitants. It has become valuable to the archaeo- 
logist only as an interesting relic of bygone times. Mr. 
Blencowe informs me that the late Mr. Scawen Blunt of 
Crabbett's once saw this horn. 

A later notoriety attaching to Copthorne arose, from its 
having been, at the time of the first Napoleon's threatened inva- 
sion of this country, the appointed place to which the families 
of the gentry resident in the Rapes of Pevensey and Lewes 
were to retire for safety, so soon as intelligence of the land- 
ing of himself and his troops on our coast was announced. 

Of the ancient privileges and customs of the forest, I have 
already alluded to freedom from arrest by the Sheriff of 
Sussex, and from serving on juries, as among the number. 
Another is said to have been possessed by the Lord of the 
Manor of Sheffield — viz., the right of following with his 
hounds, without molestation or obstruction, a stag which he 
might have been pursuing, into any part of Lancaster Great 
Park, provided that if he killed him within the enclosed pre- 
cincts, he winded his horn three times before the official 
residence of the chief Ranger, and left a shoulder of the 
animal with him as Ms perquisite. 

There is a tradition current in this neighbourhood, that 
the lords of one or two manors contiguous to the Forest 
claimed, and exercised the right of cutting yearly a beech 
upon it, and that the owners of certain residences could, and 



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64 ASHDOWN FOREST. 

did, claim a buck each from those fed within it. These privi- 
leges, if they ever obtained, must have ceased from necessity 
with the cessation of the means of exercising them. 

The error into which Horsfield has fallen by assigning to 
this Forest, the distinguished notice of having been the place 
where, in 871, King Alfred successfully encountered the 
Danes, crippling their power, and laying the foundation for 
England's becoming a Christian land, has been refuted by 
Mr. Blaauw in Vol. I., p. 6, of our Society's Collections. 

I beg, in conclusion, to tender my thanks to W. D. Cooper, 
Esq., for some valuable additions to the documentary part of 
my paper. 



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NOTICES OF HASTINGS, 

AND ITS MUNICIPAL RIGHTS.- 



By Wn.LIAM DURRANT COOPER, P.S.A., and 
THOMAS ROSS., Esq, Mayor. 



Some recent excavations, and some further search among 
the public records of the town and at the Record Office, en- 
able us to give many particulars of Old Hastings, which are 
of local and general interest. 

The volumes of our society contain notices of British and 
other remains found on the East Hill ;* of the descent of the 
Rape and Castle ;* of the colleges in the Town and Castle f 
of the mediaeval pottery ;* and of the town itself in the years 
1657 and 1746.* The present paper will supply information 
not printed in our volumes. 

The term "barons," as applied to the freemen of the 
Cinque Ports, points to a Roman origin of the municipal 
rights; and evidences of Roman occupation remain in other 
towns of these Ports. Owing to a cause, to which we shall 
refer hereafter, there have been no such evidences discovered 
in this place ; but after the severe storm of the 3rd October, 
1857, a gold coin of Theodosius Magnus (elected 379, ob. 

» Vol. ix., p. 366 ; xiii, p. 808. * Vol. xi., p. 229. 

« Vol. ii., p. 161. « VoL xii, p. 196. 
» Vol xiii., p. 182. 
XIV. K 

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66 NOTICES OF HASTINGS. 

395), was washed up under the east cliff, near Ecclesbourne. 
Hastings itself possessed a mint from the Saxon time of 
Athelstan, to the Norman time of William Eufiis, and though 
the name appears in several varieties of spelling on the coins 
of Canute, Edward the Confessor, and Harold, yet in the life 
of St. Edward the Confessor, published under the sanction of 
the Master of the Rolls, the following absurd origin is given 
to the name. After describing the landing of William 
the writer (1. 4333) says— 

The Duke fortifies and rebuilds a tower, 
Which he calls Hieutingtj 
Because it was hastily fortified, 
And therefore was so called. 

Of the Norman period no traces could be found, save at the 
Castle, where in the custodian's room a Norman capital or 
two may be seen, as well as Norman herring-bone work in 
the staircase turret of the church, and in the remains of a 
postern in the higher ground near the Dyke ; whilst on one of 
the reveals of the postern is a mason's mark, common in Nor- 
man and early English work.^ During the last year; how- 
ever, the ruins of a Norman crypt, belonging to a chapel or 
grange, were uncovered on the south-east side of the High-street, 
opposite the Town Hall, in that part of the town which be- 
longed to the Abbey of Fecamp. The stones were carefully 
preserved, and we give a cut of the shaft and of the arch, 
which is light and of good workmanship. 




At the time of the Domesday survey the notice of Hastings 
is, that four burgesses held of the abbey as part of the manor 

^Builder, Got. 1859. The postern was pushed back into a space left for it in 
shows that the gates were secured by a the thickness of the wait 
strong bar, which, when not in use, 



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OLD TOWN HALL. AND COURT HOUSE STREET. 



REMAINS OF HOSPITAL. 



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NOTICES OF HASTINGS. 67 

of Ramelie, in which Brede was included, and as the tenements 
belonging to the Abbey are still within the manor of Brede and 
pay free rent to the Lord, we can readily trace the possessions 
of the Abbey. They extended from the old Town Hall, south- 
ward along Bourne Street, thence northward of John Street to 
the corner of High Street; thence by the " Maidenhead Inn," 
now Mr. Amoore's, to the Swan Lane '^ then by Church Street 
to the pathway from the Croft to High Street; and then taking 
in the south-east side of that street, along Court House Street 
to the old Town Hall. St. Clement's church was built on 
the Abbot's land in 1286, and the old Town Hall on the other 
part. The first of our views shews Court House Street, from 
the Town Hall to the church, being the principal Street on 
the Abbot's property. 

At our meeting at Rye two pages® of the illuminated char- 
tulary were exhibited containing charters dated from Burton 
23rd April, 1190 (1, Rich. L), exempting the men and pos- 
sessions of the Abbey of St. Mary at Fecamp from all toll, 
pontage, frontage, stallage, lastage, and all other dues by land 
and by sea ; and another charter, dated from Long Capum 
• 10th September following, the king receiving into his own 
hands and under his own protection the monks, and all their 
possessions and lands, together with all that belonged to their 
house. On 28th March, 1200 (1st John), a like charter was 
dated from Doncaster, with the addition that they should be 
sued only in the King's Courts, as was witnessed in the charter 
of Henry IL The exemptions were confirmed by another 
charter dated at London. Both charters were also renewed 
by Henry II L 

Besides the houses in St. Clement, the Abbey held the 
Totty lands, about 90a., part of which is now the reservoir 
for the old waterworks, the Grange, about 20 a., the Great 
Meadow on the Minnis Rock, and the Chequers, now the 
Cinque Port Arms, in All Saints; and Brookland, near the 
old watermill in the Castle parish.^ 

' No. 41, High street, Mr. Ticehurst's Henry George Oldfield, by Richard 

house, pays to Yelding lis. 7d., and to Julius. They now belong to W.D.C. 

Lord Ashbumham 48. » They had also 28a. in Fairlight, 

^ The charters were numbered 38 to late Stephen's, now the Countess of Wal- 

42, and the pages were given in 1786, to degrave's. 

K 2 



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68 NOTICES OF HASTINGS. 

The following is a list of the tenants and tenements 
holden of the Manor of Brede, as they stood in 1847 : — 

William Amoore The Maidenhead House, in High Street, late Carley*fl. 

Henry Bishop Tenement, formerly Tourle*B, late Lintott*B. 

William Brigjg; Late Wickham*B, since Evenden's; and also late Wiok- 

ham*s, and late .... Farncombe, Esq. 

George Phillips House and Garden in St. Clement's, formerly Tebay^s, 

late Breeds'. 

Joseph Brown Late Wickham's. 

Fhipps Formerly Wickham*s, late Hamp*s, and part of the Great 

Meadow, in All Saints. 

William Ditoh Late Wickham*s. 

Henry Eaton House, &c., in St. Clement's. 

Henry Enefer Messuage and Brewhouse, called the Mng*9 Head, for- 
merly Sargent's, late Bean's. 

Edward Fermor. Late Wickham's. 

Rev. J. G. Foyster Two Houses and Gardens in St Clement, late Thorpe's. 

Miss M. A. Gordon Totty Lands, in All Saints. 

Corporation of Hastings ... The Free Rent there of 5s.,'<* and also the New Gaol (late 
Old Town Hall) l^d. 

Richard Harman Two parts of a Tenement, formerly Pollard's, and since 

Tolhurst's. 

Philip Kent Formerly Wickham's, late Harper's, part of the Great 

Meadow; and also formerly Wickham's, afterwards 
Nash's, and late Peiroe's. 

George Jackson Formerly Wickham's, late William Boys', and since 

Routledge's. 

C. J. Jeudwine Part of a Tenement in All Saints, late Mrs. Arrow's, 

deceased, and since Perry's. 

George Smith The other part of the above Tenement 

Joseph Eaye Land ac^oining the Orange^ part of 7a., late Fk. North's. 

Horace Martin Formerly Wickham's. 

Countess of Waldegrave ... Part of Totty Lands, in All Saints, containing SOa., late 
Collier's, and before Austen's ; a piece of Land here- 
tofore called Cumbersome Hill; Agnes Boumefleld, 
parcel of Tottty ; fourteen acres in St Clement, late 
John Collier's ; Brookland near the Watermill, in 
Castle Parish ; Tenement, late Lucy's, before Purples ; 
the Stone House, in St Clement ; part of Cliffe House 
Lands, in All Saints, late Carswell's. 

F. North Lands called the Orange, containing 8a., in All Saints ; 

and Land ac^oining thereto part of 7a. 

Com°^ of Hastings 2a. of Land in AU Saints, late Edward Ward's ; part of 

Ihtty Lands, now Reservoir for Water fvorkt, 

Laura Robinson Formerly Wickham's, late James Winter's. 

T. Breeds' Trustees Tenement near the Bourne, in St Clement, late Tutt's, 

formerly Meadows' ; and Land in All Saints, formerly 
Wickham's. 

C. J. Pears House, &c., in Court House Lane, called Wood-hotue, 

late Grace Deeprose. 

William Scrivens Formerly the Three Partridgee, late Winifred Cossum's. 

Rev. — Sheepshanks 22a. of Land, Uite Ward's, part of Totty Lands, in All 

Saints Parish. 

Thomas Simmons Part of Chequer Tenement, late Dean's. 

*o In the chamberlain's accounts for Brede having then belonged to Syon 
1645-6, the entry is '* To the Lord of Monastery. 
Bread for the manor of Syon, 58." 



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NOTICES OF HASTINGS. 69 

Mary Thatcher House and Garden in St. Clement, and a Tenement in 

Fisher Street. 
Widow of W. B. Wallis ... Late Wickham's, part of the Chreat Meadow^ contaiQing 

18a. on the Minnis Hook, 

Henry Wickham Land in All Saints. 

Maria Wilmot, widow Formerly Humphrey *b, afterwards HalPs, then Cossum's 

and late Dr. Wilmot*s. 

John Wimble House and Garden in All Saints, late Geo. Robinson's. 

George Wingfield Formerly Wickham 's, late Ed. Wenham's. 

Judith Wood Part of the Chequer^ now the Cmqite Port Armn, 

Robttt Weston Part of the Chequer, in All Saint8, late James Nash*B. 

The castle contains several remains of Early English work, 
being no doubt part of the work done by Henry III." In the 
district of St. Mary in the Castle there lately existed the 
ruins of the chapel belonging to the hospital of St Mary^ in 
the parish of St. Margaret, wJaich was existing prior to the 
22nd Edward I. (1290), when Petronilla de Cham augmented 
it by a grant, to the brethren and sisters, of 5a. The 5a. 
abutted to land then of Wm. Waldern, bailiff, and other land 
of the brethren and sisters on the E., to land of Gilbert of 
Causing on the W., to other land of her own on the S., and 
other land of the brethren and sisters j&n the N.^* Of this 
hospital the bailiff was visitor, and the brethren and sisters 
were (as we shall see by the custumal), nominated by him 
and the commonalty. 

We give an engraving of this chapel as it stood in 1820. 

On some recent excavations the centre of the building was 
found fiiU of bones, but there were no signs of any coffin, 
except along the northern waU, where cof&n handles were 
found with the bones." It was in this vicinity that the 
mediaeval pottery, noticed in Vol. XL, existed. 

The hospital was disused as early as 1604, when (18th 
August) it was agreed to let the house, barn, and lands to 
James Hunt." 

The district has recently been called St. Mary Magdalen, 
and the first trace of that name as a parish which we have 
found is in the Corporation Books of the 12th May, 1656, when 

11 In the liberate Roll Ilth, Henry paid 6d. for 12a. called Lydeljnk and 

TIL (1227), p. 2, m. 10, is the entry of Rawdeland. 

the payment on 26th March of 10 marcs i' The labourers stated that bodies had 

to Robert de Aubeville, the last portion been found where the tenant had pre- 

of his salary of 20 marcs per annum for viously excavated, 

his salary as keeper of this castle. i^ On 18th Dec, 1629, they were leased 

1' In the Court Rolls of the manor of to Thomas Dann. 
Gensing, it appears that the Hospital 



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70 NOTICES OF HASTINGS. 

the out-parishes lying within the liberty — i.e., St. Mary of the 
Castle, the Holy Trinity, St. Mary Magdalen, and St. Michael, 
were directed to contribute towards the relief of the poor of 
St. Clement; inasmuch as the inhabitants had of ^4ong 
continuance repaired to St. Clement's church, and had mar- 
ried, baptised, and been buried there." " In Bishop Praty's 
register (fol. 43), 1440, it is stated that the parishes of St. 
Andrew, St. Leonard, St. Michael, and St. Margaret, had 
been destroyed by the sea or depopulated," and no presenta- 
tions are found to any (except to St. Leonard). The earliest 
to St. Leonard is 1400 in Rede's register (fol. 77) ; one ap- 
pears in 1502 (Story's register, fol. 13b), the patrons being 
the College of the blessed Mary of Winchester at Oxford, and 
in 1548 the crown presented John Keyme." 

These evidences of inundations, coupled with the distinct 
finding on the inquisition taken in ipril, 1236 (14th £dw. 
I.),^® that the old church of St. Clement had been broken 
and destroyed by the force of the sea, added to the fact that 
All Saints Church, in the will of Richard Meeching, 1436, is 
called the New Church, seem to us conclusive proof that the 
old part of the town stood sea-ward of the present streets, and 
that hence is to be found the reason why so few remains have 
been brought to light. 

The royal yacht of Henry I., built here, has been noticed by 
Mr. Blaauw," and in the earliest extant Pipe roll, we find that 
in 1139 Robert de Hastings rendered an account of the last- 
age of this town and of Rye. For more than a century and a 
half we find no other mention of the ships. In 1294, how- 
ever, there is a petition for payment for three ships^® employed 
in the service of the king's brother to Gascony. 

SHIP. NAME OF MASTER. CONSTABLE. NO. OF MEN. 

La Bayade Stephen Sprot. Simon le Bole. 40 

Le Rosette Eobert Lefeter. Robert Homas. 38 

St. AimE Simon de la Haghe. Richard Mileward.^^ 28 

" In 1667, the pariah or chapelry of " Rot: Pat: 2, Edw. vi, part 2. 

St Leonard, was also named for con- >8 Horsfield, vol. 1., p. 454 n. 

tribution. »» Suss: Arch: Coll. vol. iv., p. 106. 

»« On 7th Feb., 1205, John presented » Miac: Record Office, H.C.H., 3,580. * 

Simon de Waltham, to the church of '> The Milewards were also at Wiu- 

8t. Margaret, Hot : Chart : ; and in the chelsea, and Pevensey, where Edw. MUe- 

next year the King presented the same ward was in 1632, Capt of the trained 

clerk to the ohurch of SL Andrew, band. 
JRot: LU:Ftit, 



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NOTICES OF HASTINGS. 



71 



They served 73 days, ending 3rd May, being 58 days 
beyond the customary time. The pay was 6d. a day 
for each master and constable, and 3d. for every seaman. 

In 1306 the Godebyte, Robert Moody, master, and John 
Allyn and William Knoder, constables, was the Hastings ship 
furnished for the war in Scotland." In the lists of 1335 (9, 
Edw. III.), no ship of Hastings is named. 

The reign of Edward III. was very eventful in the annals 
of the Cinque Ports. In 1335 they furnished 30 ships for 
the king's service, and at the siege of Calais, in 1347, Has- 
tings furnished 5 ships and 99 mariners.^ 

The king's requirements for the public service during his 
wars with France, rendered necessary a careful supervision of 
the taxation of the country, and we have on record the re- 
turns made by most towns and parishes; but the Cinque 
Ports were exempt from ordinary on account of their extra- 
ordinary burdens; and at the time of the Nonoe EoU the 
following names of 49 freemen and other exempt persons of 
Hastings were returned, pursuant to a writ, dated 6th Nov., 
15th Edward III., (1341). 

Walter Oaanoer 
John Bede 
Henry Waldeme 
William Somenor 
Gilbert Ayeray 
William Pulhem 
Bobert atte Clyve 
Geoffiy de Clare, olerk 
William atte Clyve 
John atte Glynde 
Geoflfry Visther 
Gilbert Colfis 
John Witberd 
John Goldewyn 
John Oolard 
Edward Colfiz 
John Bochel 

This evidently does not include any fishermen. 

A few only of the names will be recognized among the 
families now resident in the town ; that of Totteghe remains 
in the " Totty lands" already mentioned. 

It was during this reign that the Lord Warden required 
a return from each Cinque Port of its custumal, and thus we 



Balph Hardjmgs 
WiUiam Bakere 
Alice Colfiz 
William Seijaunt 
Gilbert Gabbe 
Mabile Horse Water 
William Chetham 
John Squirel 
Matilda Ghtrlend 
Petronilla atte Grouche 
Gilbert Homes 
John Mafote 
John Urie 
Alice Austyn 
Richard Wycher 
Dionisia Colfiz 



Robert GoldeWyne 
Stephen Rede 
John atte Havene 
Philipp atte Dikere 
James Colfiz 
Robert Totteghe 
William GoldeWyne 
John Petervon 
John Hykelyng 
John Beneyt 
William Zellesbein 
Richard GoldeWyne 
John Skonyn 
John Wodegpove 
Thomas Beneit 
John de Knolle 



«> MS., Gat, lately at Carlton Ho. 
Ride— A2iiv« 



*» Arch., voL vi., p. 213. 



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72 NOTICES OF HASTINGS. 

have the means of knowing the municipal privileges as they 
had existed from the Conquest. The custumal of Hastings 
was in the town in 1736, when the right of Henry Moore 
as eldest son, born after his father was free, to be admitted 
to the freedom, was established before Lord Hardwicke," 
but it has never since been seen.^** Nothing was known of 
its contents, save the few lines given in evidence. It was, 
however, usual for the different ports to take copies of the 
custumals of other ports, and we give the translation of a 
Norman-French copy found amongst the records of Rye. 



CUSTUMAL. 



These are the usages of Hastings used time out of mind, compiled in the time of John 
Beade, at that time bailiff, in the 30th year of Edward 3rd, ▲. D. 1356. 

1. — Choice of Bailiff. — ^Thus, in the first place, every year, on the Sunday next 
after the day which is called Hock day,^ all the people of the oonmionalty shall 
assemble in a certain place called Hundred place, and then, by all the commonalty 
shall be chosen a bailiff, who, in the first place, shall swear to the king and com- 
monalty in manner as follows : — 

2. — I will bear faith to our sovereign the King of England and the commonalty 
of Hastings, and the franchise and the usages of the same rightfully will maintain 
and the common profit will keep, and to rich and poor will do right so far as I can, 
So help me Gk>d and the saints, &c. 

3. — ^And in case the bailiff, who is chosen, is not present to accept the charge, the 
bailiff that was before shall not be discharged from his office until the o£er be 
charged by his predecessor, and if the said bailiff, who is elected, be absent or will not 
accept the charge, all the commons shall go and beat down his chief tenement. 
And in case the bailiff die before the day of election, the remaining jurats shall 
sound the hom,*7 whatsoever time of the year it be, to assemble the commons to elect 
another bailiff, which bailiff then elected shall hold the office until the day of election, 
and in that case the bailiff shall be charged by one of the principal of the jurats ; and 
if none be elected to be jurat, the bailiff shall incur the pain aforesaid. 

4. — ^Also the bailiff shall dioose on the same day twelve jurats of the most wise 
of the same town, which jurats shaU swear to the king as the bailiff hath sworn. 

5. — Cfunoe of €^h»^ — ^Also, on the same day and place, the aforesaid bailiff and 
jurats assembled there, with the assent of the whole of the said commonalty, shall 
elect a clerk, who shall swear to the said bailiff and commonalty that he will bear 
foith to the bailiff and commonalty, and true process will make and faithfully their 
counsel will keep, &a 

»* State Trials, vol. 17, p. 899 *' The horn was the common mode of 

^ In Oct., 1598, the following entry calling an assembly, and was put in use 

appears in the Corporation Records : — some few years since, when the Gaol was 

Memorand : *' That the old French Cus- broken open to release women and boys 

tomall of Hasting, and an ancyent Towne imprisoned for selling fish on the stade 

Booke of Records of Hasting in E. 4. contrary to the New Market Act. 

tyme were sent to London to Mr. John '• In the case of MUtvard v. Thateher 

Mynge, of Romney Jurate, when he was (2 Term. Rep. 8), it was held that the 

chosen of the solicitors for the ports in offices of Jurat and Town Clerk were 

the sute w^ London in the case of incompatible, and that, on tiie acoep- 

Wythemam.** tanceofthe second office, tho* not of 

*^ Hock-day is the second Tuesday superior rank or value, the former offioe 

after Easter. became vacant. 



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NOTICES OF HASTINGS. 73 

6. — Cfthe Officer of the Bailiff' — Also, on the same day, the bailiff shall choose his 
sergeant, who shall make his oath in manner following : — " I will bear fiaith to the 
bailiff and commonalty, and duly will do execution as appertaineth after the usages 
used in the commonalty in times past, So help me Qod and the saints, ico." 

7. — 0/ the Coroner and his Office. — Also, in case a man be found dead within the 
franchise by misadventure or by the deed of any by land or water, the bailiff shall 
have sight of the body as coroner, and the sergeant shall cause a county to come, and 
the bailiff shall take inquest of the death of the body, and if any be indicted of the 
death by the inquest, presently the bailiff, as coroner, shall command the sergeant 
to attach the indicted if he can find him, and if he be found he shall remain in 
custody of the sei^geant within the franchise ; but if it be that the indicted, after 
inprisonment, <mn find sufficient main-prize for to be at the law, the bailiff shall let 
him go until a hundred be ordained by the bailiff aforesaid and his jurats, to which 
hundred the indicted shall come and be arraigned of the felony ; and proclamation 
shall be made by the bailiff and jurats that if none will come to pursue in due form 
against the indicted, he shall return to the place he was before until proclamation 
be made in the same manner at two hundreds, and then the indicted shall go quit 
of his indictment ; and be it known that no hundred shall be held after the other 
less than fifteen days, &c. 

8. — Appeal of life and Member, — And be it known that when any one ought 
to be acquitted by thirty-six men, that first the names of the thirty-six freemen be 
by the appealed plainly written, and they ought to be called by their names ; of 
whom, if any of them when called be not present or do not answer, the appealed 
shall be delivered to death. But if all should answer when their names are called, 
then, as is accustomed, of the king's grace, by his bailiff, shall be put aside twelve 
men of the aforesaid thirty-six, and of the grace of the bailiff and jurats twelve 
men ; so that the bailiff shall chuse twelve of the men who shall be willing to swear 
with him that is appealed that he is not guilty of what is charged against him, and so 
it is that who is appealed shall first swear upon the book that he is not guilty, so 
help him all the saints and kissing the book. Afterwards are called twelve who are 
chosen to swear, and those named as they are called shall swear every one by him- 
self that the oal^ which the appealed has then made is good and true, and that he 
that is appealed is not guilty of anything charged against him, so help him all the 
saints, taking and kissing the book ; which, if they do, the appealed shall go quit. 
And if anyone of them withdraw himself from the book, he that is appealed shall be 
delivered to death ; and if he be acquit, the appelor is attached and all his goods at 
the will of our lord the king, &o. 

9. — Execution cf JFklons. — But all who are condemned in such a case ought to 
be cast beyond a certain water course called " Stordisdale," on the western part of 
the town towards ** Bolewarheth."* Also, it is accustomed within the liberty afore- 
said that all pleas of the crown of life and member shall be laid before the bailiff and 
jurats each according to its nature, except the appeals upon false coin of our lord the 
king, and counterfeiting the king's seal, and treason against our lord the king or 
the queen, which appertain to the 0)urt of Shepway ; and it is accustomed tiiat 
these pleas of life and member be held in full hundred, &c. 

10. — Appeals (f Life and Member. — When anyone appealeth (aoouseth) another 
of any plea of life or member, the bailiff ought to attach the body of the defendant, 
taking in the first place pledges of the appellant to prosecute his appeal, and if so be 
that his appeal be such that therein it lieth the losing of life, then the bailiff must 
attach and sequester all the moveable goods of him that is appealed upon the view 
of the bailiff and any of the jurats ; but he shall not alien any of the goods ; but if 
he be convicted, then all his goods shall be forfeited to our lord the king, and his 
houses and all rents within the liberty to our lord the king for one year and one 
day, and afterward to the heir of the appealed, and if he have no heir, then to the 
lord of the fee, &c. 

** The use of a gallows was not granted work done for setting up the gallows, and 

till the license of £dw. IV., EggUgtone^s for a halter and ladder, and for four men 

return^ temp. Elis. Record office. In the on guard, and for 20s. for the execu- 

ohamberlains accounts for 1646-6, are tioner "for executing tiiie woman." 
charges for 25 feet of timber, and for 

XIV. L 



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74 NOTICES OF HASTINGS. 

Also when the appellant and appealed have come before the bailiff and jurats in 
the aforesaid place, the bailiff's sergeant holding the appellant bound, shall call on 
him to answer immediately, and the bailiff ought to take the cause of the arrest, and 
the appellant shall appeal to the appealed as to his knowledge and it ought not to 
be that an appeal should be defective for want of form. And if the accused shall 
contradict the appellant, and shall say that he is not guilty of that which the 
appellant has charged upon him, and desires to be acquitted according to the custom 
of the liberty, it shall be adjudged him that on a certain day, which shall be assigned 
him, he have thirty -six good and true men, who shall be willing to swear with him 
that he is not guilty ; and such day ought to be assigned to him, because he may be 
from distant ports, that he may be able to send a summons to his own port, if he 
shall be from a distance ; and no one shall deny this acquittal, whether he be a 
denizen or from a distance, provided he is proved true and faithful. 

l\,— Appeal of Theft and Goods,— And if in an appeal of theft or robbery anyone 
be taken, having the thing stolen in his possession, it is necessary that he should 
demand the warranty of him who delivered the thing to him. And a certain day 
shall be assigned to him on which, if the accused have it not, he cannot acquit him- 
self ; but if any one comes and claims the thing as his own, or says that he delivered 
it to the accused, the former is acquitted, and the latter stands in his place, and puts 
himself upon the Common Law. And this in every case where anyone calls for a 
warranty he, who is undeservedly accused of the theft, says that the thing was his, 
and had been for such a time his own true chattel ; and that he is not guilty of that 
which is charged against him, and is able to acquit himself by thirty-six men, as 
the former acquitted himself and that chattel, &c. 

12. — Sancttiary. — ^If any man flee to the Holy Church, the bailiff as coroner shall 
go to him to arraign him of the cause of his flight, and if he will confess felony, hia 
cognizance shall be enrolled and anon he shall lose all his goods and chattels as 
forfeited, which the bailiff shall render to the king ; and he shall remain if he will 
forty days in the Church, and at the end of the forty days he shall forswear the land 
upon the steps of the cemetery— «ven before the bailiff—and he shall chuse the port 
for his passage ; and if he will make abjuration within the forty days it shall be 
accepted. iGid anon after his abjuration he shall take the Cross and the bailiff shall 
make proclamation in the King's name that no man on pain of life and member 
shall do him harm or molestation all the while he keepeth the King's High- way 
towards the port which he hath chosen, &o. 

18. — Of OTttting a Pune. — ^Also when any man is found cutting a purse,** or with 
money taken out of a purse in the Market place or elsewhere, at the suit of the appellor, 
one of his ears shall be cut off, and then the thief thus maimed shall betaken and led 
to one of the extremities of tlie town, and shall forswear the town that never he 
shall enter it again under the pain of losing the other ear. If it be that anyone be 
found a second time cutting a purse or anything of that nature, and it shall appear 
that he has before lost one ear, or that he shall bear any sign whereby a thief may 
be known, he shall lose the other ear, and shall forswear the town under the pain of 
losing his life. And if a third time he be thief, he shall suffer judgment, whether 
that he be first marked in this town or elsewhere, &c. 

14. — Suspicion of Iblony, — And be it known that if any theft or harm be done 
within the town in the port, or elsewhere as well by sea as by land, and if any one 
be suspected thereof ; or when any one coming within the town bears evil fame in 
the foreign, the bailiff is accustomed to attach such person and to deliver him unto 
the seijeant unto the prison, for the setjeant is accustomed to receive attachments 
of this kind from the hands of the bailiff, and to deliver them when their case is 
considered. And he that is attached, when some shall proceed against him on 
account of his bad fame, shall remain in prison, and afterwards he shall be delivered 
by pledges that well and truly he shall govern himself afterwards, and if he cannot 
find pledges he shall forswear the town until he can, &c. 

16. — No attachment without suit. — And be it known, that though the bailiff have 
any one suspected in any case, he cannot without suit attach him, unless by the 
assent of the jurats ; nor can he imprison him unless by their consent, &c. 

16. — Attaehmsnt hy a Felon Ibreiffner, — ^Also when any man, whether firee or 

^^ The purse was attached to the girdle, and easily taken. I5l^t» J 

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NOTICES OF HASTINGS. 75 

Btran^r, for any felony or tresspass in foreign snit or for anything else in the foreign, 
shall flee to the said town for the sake of refuge, he shall not be attached there without 
suit — so long as he well and faithfully behave himself within the aforesaid liberty, 
unless the Warden of the Cinque Ports, assigning the cause, shall 'command him 
to be attached; and if he can find six bail, who are willing to undertake for his body 
when it shall be demanded within the aforesaid liberty, if any one shall prosecute 
against him, he shall be delivered to them out of Prison. 

17. — Felon fled. — When any man of the aforesaid liberty, or a stranger, oommits 
any felony within the aforesaid liberty and flies for the same ; the bailiff may de- 
mand him, in whatsoever lordship or liberty he shall be in the Realm of England, 
except the liberty of the Holy Church or Sanctuary of the Church, and he shall be 
delivered to him according to the usages or liberties of the said town to which he 
is rendered, and he shall receive punishment for his crimes according to the custom 
of the town in which he is received, and so it hath been accustomed of old time, &c. 

l%.^Ofhloodthed.—TihQ bailiff of Hastings may attach without suit, if he shall 
see a man draw blood of another with violence, but he cannot put him in prison, 
unless he that is hurt will pursue ; but he may put him to pledge for to keep the 
peace. And if any one attached for the shedding of blood will not be suited and 
resisteth the bailiff, the jurats ought to help him, when required, firmly on the Eing*s 
behalf, and so the bailiff and every jurat may do the like when they see any matt 
striking or in any way disturbing the peace of our Lord the King, &c. 

19. — True man's goods seized. — Also, whensoever the goods of any true man be 
arrested among the goods of a felon, which goods the felon had by borrowing, then 
the owner may prove the goods to be his, if the felon doth not voluntarily deny 
the challenge that the g^oods are his ; for a thief may not forfeit another man*s 
goods. If however the felon will avow the goods to be his own, and will appeal 
him of his felony, then he loseth his goods ; but when he that is appealed by the 
appellant*s suit be judged to death, the appellant shall have his goods, which he 
challenged in his appeal of which the appealed was seized, &c. 

20. — Assixe^ weight and measure. — Also the bailiff may with his jurats have 
all assize of all bread and ale, &c., from old time, to maintain the standard of the king 
and to mark all measures with the common sign, and amerce all delinquents, which 
shall be assessed by the bailiff and jurats and levied by the sergeant. 

21. — Freeman. — ^Also may the bailiff and jurats make men free of the freedom in 
this manner, that if any stranger shall come to Hastings and inhabiteth there using 
some honest craft and being of good conversation for one year and one day, and desires 
to be of the franchise, he shall come before the bailiff and jurats in open court pray- 
ing the franchise, upon which it shall be awarded how much he shall pay to the com- 
monalty to have the franchise, which award being made, his name shall be entered 
on the common roll, and afterwards he shall make his oath in manner following : — 
" I will bear fi&ith and loyalty to the King of England and the commonalty of Has- 
tings from this day forward ; and the estate of the franchise, to my power I will 
maintain ; and I will bear scott and lot of my goods and chattels, so help me God, 
&c." And then on kissing the bailiff's right cheek '> he shall be accepted into the 
franchise.'* 

22. — Form of Enrolment. — Memorandum. — That in open hundred court held at 
Hasting, that is to say, on the Sunday next before the feast of the annunciation of 
the blessed Virgin Mary, in the 30th year of King Edward the 8rd (A.D. 1856), from 
the conquest, before the bailiff and the whole commonalty W. de T. and J. his son 
are received into the freedom of Hasting, and they satisfied the bailiff and com- 
monalty with one cask of wine, &c.'* 

23. — 0/ taking Beeognizances. — Also the bailiff and jurats may have before them 

»* This was observed till the <9orpora- " The cask of wine was an ordinary, 

tion amendment act by all freemen on present from merchants and wealthy 

their admission. men. It was paid 86th Ewd. 8, by 

'^ This was the only passage referred William de Bourn, and John his son, on 

to by the corporation on the mandamus their admission. State trials, vol. 17, 

to admit Moore, and then it was not p. 899. 
quoted from the original, but a short 
paraphrase in English was used. 



L 2 

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76 NOTICES OF HASTINGS, 

reoogniEance in this manner : — ^That if any man and his wife have any tenements or 
rents within the franchise, and wish to give or sell the said lands to any person, of 
which the said wife by way of inheritance or purchase, or by any other means, was 
enfeoffed or seized of, or of the reversion of any tenement rent or possession after 
the death of any other belonging to her — the said wife shall come before the bailiff 
and any of the jurats, and shall be by them examined in the absence of her husband, 
whether she is well prepared to give or sell or not, and the deed shall be then read 
in English by them before the said wife ; and if she says that she is well prepared 
and is in no manner constrained by her husband, but being of good memory by her 
good will she is willing to do it, the said recognizance shall be entered on the 
common roll according to the form that is accustomed ; and after the recognizance 
is thus made, the said woman, or her heirs, shall have no claim to the said tene- 
ments or possessions or reversions, but shall be foreclosed for all time to oome. Also 
recognizance may be taken before the bailiff and any of the jurats in their court 
in case the said woman be in good and full health, and can come personally ; but if 
the wife of any man be ill or feeble, through which feebleness she cannot come to the 
court, and wishes to make such recognizance, she shall send to the bailiff and any 
of the jurats to oome to hear her will and to examine her in the manner aforesaid ; 
if she consents freely, the said recognizance shall be effectual for all time to 
come, &o. 

24. — Baron and femme joiMly seized, — Also, if the wife of any man makes recog- 
nizance in case of condition that she and her husband shall be again enfeoffed jointly 
to them and their heirs, or to the husband or to the wife and to the heirs of the 
husband or to the heirs of the wife, or in any other manner, the bailiff and jurats 
shall regard and notify the said condition, so that by no means the feoffment of the 
baron and his wife, by covin, or by her will, be made otherwise than was eiyoyned 
by them in the presence of the said bailiff and jurats, and it be nowise suffered for 
the right and equity to be had and used in the said franchise, &c. 

25. — QrafiU in morbnain nnthout licence from the Oronm. — ^Also may the bailiff 
and the commonalty grant and confirm the mortification of lands, tenements, 
and rents, and other possessions, being within the franchise, as well to a chauntry 
of masses as to the sustentation of hospitals or in honor of holy church, that is to 
say, to St. Clement and St. Michael and All Saints,^ without licence from the king 
or other lord, ko, 

26. — Of Sureties of the Peace, — ^Also, if a man do demand security of the peaoe 
of another man, the bailiff will give him the peace ; and if he afterwards break the 
peace, all those who hold fealty to the king may attach him and take him to the 
prison, and he shall remain for forty days and he shall be asked to give bail to 
keep the peaoe and if he do not he shall be fined. 

27,—Beeevoing Pfea«.— Also, the bailiff or his seiigeant shall receive all manner of 
plaints, as well of strangers as of residents, according to their nature, and shall 
make attachment and summons, and whether the plaintiff or defendant be a stranger, 
the plea shall be held from fifteen days to fifteen days, if it be not a plea of law or of 
the crown ; and if both parties be resident, their plea shall be holden in the Court- 
house of our sovereign lord the king; (except of law, life, and member, which shall 
be holden in the Hundred). 

28. — Attachment for Assault or Bloodshed, — Also, in case of trespass of battery, 
bloodshed, hamsoken, or mayhem, the defendant shall be attached by his body and 
even to prison, and shall remain in prison on the charge of the party if he shall not 
be able to find suflScient pledges to appear at the next court, and so until he be justi- 
fied to answer the party ; for in such cases there shall be no delay in the court. 

29. — Plea of Debt and Cotenant. — Also, in plea of debt and covenant broken, and 
chattels detained, whether the defendant be a denizen or of the franchise of the 
Cinque Ports, he shall be summoned to the next court, and if he come not to that 
court, he shall be distrained, and at the second covrt there shall be an alias attach- 
ment ; and if he come not to the third court, there shall be a pluries, and for such 
default there shall be an amerciament to the king, and the things distrained shall 
be given into the charge of the bailiff; and if he do not justify by the distresses, he 
shall be given to bail to be at the next court, and the pledges shall produce his 

'^ The three Churches in the eastern part of the town were thus dedicated. 



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NOTICES OF HASTINGS. 77 

body at tiie next court or anRwer for him. And if the defendant be a foreigner, 
whether ihe p1ainti£f be a freeman or stranger, and the defendant have nothing for 
distraint of goods and chattels within the franchise, he shall be given to two bail to 
answer at the next court ; and if both parties be strangers, or if the one party will 
have a court holden according to the law merchant, and if the plaintiff shall prove 
no specialty the case shall be tried by lawful men upon sight and hearing, and if the 
defendant shall place himself under the law, enquiry shall be made upon oath, and 
if the defendant prove not his case on oath of view and hearing, the defendant 
should be acquitted. 

30. — Proeeedinffs wUh Seir$ and Executors. — ^Also, in case that heirs and execu- 
tors be impleaded and the plaintiff shall have no specialty, it is necessary that he 
should prove his debt by credible pereons, two or three, of sight and hearing, &c. 

31. — Arretting goods of a Ibreign Debtor, — Also, if a freeman see his foreign debtor 
buying or dealing in goods within the franchise, he may arrest the goods of his 
debtor within the franchise, going immediately to the bailiff for him to commit 
the said arrest, and no deliverance shall be made in the absence of the bailiff; and 
at the deliverance both shall be amerced to the king. 

32. — Imprisonment after judgment, — Also, in all manner of pleas where the man 
has judgment against him, whether he be a foreigner or denizen, the bailiff shall 
detain him in court till he make agreement with the party. In case of damages 
recorded in the court, they shall be assessed by the bailiff and jurats, if the party 
condemned shall demand it, according to the nature of the plea, &c. 

33. — A Freeman to haw summons against a Freeman. — ^Also, in case one freeman 
complains against another freeman and comes into court there without summons or 
attachment, and if the party demands the debt, he that is unpleaded may declare 
for a delay of the day by these words : *^ Sir Bailiff, — Please you to know that I am 
a freeman, and am not bound anon to answer the party by reason that I am not 
warned by summons or attachment before this day to be and appear at this court ; 
wherefore, sir, I demand my free summons and a delay as a freeman ought to have 
in thisoourt, &c." ^ 

34. — A married woman summoned. — If a femme covert de baron be impleaded in a 
plea of debt, covenant broken, or chattels detained, and she be bound for merchan- 
dise, she shall answer only in the presence of her husband, &c. 

36. — Plea of Law. — Every plea of law shall be holden in the place called " Hun- 
dred Place." Such pleas cannot be held without the presence of the bailiff, and 
must be holden from fourteen days to fourteen days, whether it be between a 
stranger or a freeman, or between two strangers or two freemen, of all lands, rents, 
or tenements within the franchise ; and all manner of pleas of lands, rents, and 
tenements within the franchise must be tried there by simple plaints without the 
writ of our sovereign lord the king, save the writ of right called Droit patent, in 
which case he shall say that if a man do not, the Sheriff of Sussex shall inform the 
Warden of the Cinque Ports, &o. ; and all manner of writs ought to be pleaded in 
the same manner as in the king's courts, save that in some writs there are many 
delays as in Mort Ancestor, and others less ; and after the delay of the writs, the 
parties having come into the court pleading their pleas by themselves or by their 
counsel, the bailiff shall record the pleas of both parties ; and, according to the 
nature of the process, the said bailiff and jurats shall proceed to judgment, the 
which judgment shall be delivered by the mouth of the bailiff in open court. And 
in case there shall be any difficulty in such judgment, the said bailiff and jurats may 
have a speaking together (or conference) with the combarons of the Cinque Ports 
how and in what manner they shall do right to the parties according to the plea 
before them pleaded, which judgment shall be delayed to the next court ensuing. 

36. — Strepe and roaste^ and distress for rent. — If any man hold a free tenement by 
any free rent payable to another, and shall strepe (or waste) or permit the laud or 
tenement to become ruinous, so that the man who ought to receive the rent thereof 
shall have none therefrom, nor shall find there any thing on which distress can be 
made to the value, when the rent shall be in arrear a year and a day let them come 
in the pleyne (or full) hundred before the bailiff and jurats, and let them there 
complain thereof. The said bailiff and jurats shall grant him full power of distress 
by which he shall pay himself; and if he shall not find it before the next hundred, 
let him there prove what has been done, and it shall be acJijudged to him that he 
shall go to the said tenement or land, wherever it may be, and solemnly, in the 



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78 NOTICES OF HASTINGS, 

presence of true and lawful men, shall take the door or gate and place it on one side, 
and if nobody come within a year and day, then it shall be adjudged to him that 
he shall drive piles into the ground, upon which proclamation shall be made, that if 
any man or woman claims any right in the said lands or tenements, he or she must 
come within a year and a day from this proclamation and satisfy the person de- 
manding the rent of his arrears, and that according to the custom and liberty of 
the said town this must be done, or cause be shewn why he ought not so do, 
under the penalty of losing the said tenement or land. If no person come within 
such year and a day to satisfy the demand or to shew cause to the contrary, then, in 
the next hundred following, it shall be adjudged that the seizin of that land or 
tenement shall be given to him who thus claims the said rent thence due. If any 
one within the said year and a day before judgment given shall come and pay or 
secure what is due, he shall save that land or tenement If also he shall come and 
say he does not claim that land or tenement by the tenure stated, nor does he owe 
any rent, it is necessary that they should plc^ this, and in that case the person 
claiming cannot recover his rent, &c. (except by plea). 

37. — Wagte by tenant for life. — Also, if any person, man or woman, who holds any 
house within the liberty* for his whole life, with reversion to another, shall commit 
waste or strepe, the bailiff and jurats, on the prosecution of him to whom the rever- 
sion belongs, shall compel him reasonably to repair and support the said tenement, 
and to sustain it sufficiently ; and if it be not sufficiently done, then the bailiff and 
jurats shall assign what is necessary in their judgment to be done, and if that be 
not then sufficiently done, and the party in that case be not willing to do it, he shall 
be ejected from the said messuage, &c. 

38. — WUhemam andproeeM. — Also, the bailiff and jurats may and ought to take 
withernam of all Londoners and others, where they may decree that this is required 
for anything done against the liberty ; and they may and ought to take withernam 
for many causes : such as if any ft-eeman of the said town come to the bailiff and 
jurats and ask for letters under the bailiff's seal, or under the common seal, to pray 
for him to the said citizens or burgesses, or others, either on this side the sea or 
beyond seas, that he may make plaint to recover a debt against another man 
there, in which debt he is bound to the said combaron and oo-ft^eman of Hastings 
aforesaid, as he saith ; and if on the first letter nothing shall be done, and if they 
do not write back, a second letter shall be sent ; and if it shall not then be done as 
prayed, a third letter shall be sent on the part of the whole commonalty, under the 
conmion seal ; and if, after such third letter, nothing be done as prayed, and the 
pursuer come before the bailiff and the jurats and swearing upon the Evangelists 
that he into such a city, borough, or town, such letters after his freedom and right 
bad sent, and swears that he required immediate execution thereof, then it shall be 
adjudged that the whole of that commonalty shall be condemned in the said debt 
by defiftult of justice, and they shall be distrained for the whole of the debt aforesaid. 
Provided, however, that it shall appear to the said bailiff and jurats by good and 
sufficient proof that the said debt is true and certain. And, moreover, if the men 
of the said city condemned for the said debt shall fly the said town and port, and 
shall go to any other port, then the bailiff and jurats of Hastings shall send by their 
letters to the said ports, as the Cinque Ports ought to do, the pleas and judgment, 
and they shall according to the custom make distraint and final execution according 
to the record and process, which the bailiff and jurats of Hastings shall send to 
them, &c. 

39. — Buying and telling in foreign^ and distraining aportman, — Also, if the free- 
men of Hastings, or any of them, are hindered from buying or selling their mer- 
chandise in the city of London, or elsewhere, in the ports of England, France, 
Scotland, or elsewhere, as they have been accustomed, or if distress shall be uigustly 
taken of them, or any custom or toll shall be exacted from them contrary to their 
liberties, or any damage shall be done to the said men by land or by sea by any 
commonalty, for which the ii^ured parties shall write their names; and if upon the 
common letters aforesaid sent by two or three freemen, the town complained of 
shall neither conform to the demands in the letters nor write back any reasonable 
ground wherefore they do it not, it shall be adjudged that withernam shall be taken 
of all the commonalty aforesaid, and it shall always be taken and held until the 
said commonalty shall se( right that trespass in due form, together with all damages 
and expences sustained by the detention. And be it known that if any lord distrain 



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NOTICES OF HASTINGS. 79 

any merchant of HasiingB for pickage and stallage in hia land, and he shall be 
required by the bailiff by his letters to release the distress ; and if he refuse, it is 
customary to take withernam of him and all his tenants. The freemen of Hastings 
ought also and are accustomed to be dealers in all merchandise wherever they may 
be, at the buying or the selling, whether the seller or buyer may be a co-freeman 
or a foreigner, unless he shall be able to allege anything calumnatory against him 
wheroby he is not worthy of claiming any part thereof: as that he has been con- 
victed of peijury; or if it shall have been adjudged that he should have no part 
because he had fled to the town from our lord the king's service, or from war, and 
had not returned on the day assigned to him ; or if he shall have done anything 
against the liberty of Hastings, and it shall have been adjudged that he should 
forfeit his lawful liberty, or if he shall have been condemned for having refui^ed to 
pay for merchandise on any former dealing. But no foreigner is capable of being 
a partner with those who are free against his free will, &;c. 

40. — ^And because the men of the Cinque Ports were accustomed to be chiefly 
opposed in their liberties in Irish ports, our lord King Edward III. confirmed them 
by a certain charter, the tenor of which is, that '^ we grant to the same barons for us 
and our heirs that in all lawful matters and in merchandizing no one shall be 
partners of theirs nor with them, against the will of the same barons. Sec, 

41. — Brewers may make and fell eUe in foreign. — Be it known that if any brewer 
who is a freeman make ale and sell it in foreign in the autumn, and the lord of the 
fee or the borough distrain upon him for such selling against his liberty, it is 
customary for him to make complaint to the bailiff, and the bailiff shall command 
by his letters under his seal that the said distress shall be given up ; because the 
barons of Hastings are free to buy and sell throughout the whole realm of England; 
and if in consequence of such letters nothing be done, there shall be taken withernam 
of all the men of the lordship, &o. 

42. — Complaints by freemen against freemen absent from the tonm.-~A.lBO, in case 
any man of the said town shall make complaint against any other man of the town 
in any other place than in the said town, he shall be punished for the despite (or 
disregard) of the commonalty, if it be not in the defence ot the rights of the said 
commonalty, and then the matter shall be tried before the warden at Shepway, and 
not elsewhere, &c. 

48. — Lands bound by reeognizafiee. — Also, in case any stranger or freeman have 
lands, rents, or tenements within the said franchise, and binds the said lands, rents, 
or tenements to any stranger or freeman, he may have execution to levy the said 
debt, without plea, out of the said lands, rents, or tenements, provided it be by 
recognizance, &c. 

44. — A Fre&m4vn may olaim a share (tf merchandise sold, — ^Also, if any merchant, 
denizen, or stranger do put to sale any merchandise at Hastings, all those of the 
same town who shall be present at the purchase of the said merchandise, and those 
of the franchise who are absent shall have their part, and that part ought to be 
claimed by those present, whether the said merchandise be sold in gross or divided 
into parts, Scg, 

45. — Division of merchandise, — Also, if any stranger purchase any merchandise 
within the franchise in the absence of those of the franchise, they shall have half 
of the merchandise against the stranger if they choose to demand it 

46. — Wardship, — iJso, if a man or woman die, and the heir he under age, the 
bailiff shall have view of the infant, and of all his goods and chattels, tenements and 
rents, or lands ; and the infant, by the bailiff and jurats, shall be put to ward to the 
nearest of his blood to whom his heritage cannot possibly descend, and all his goods 
and chattels shall be delivered to such guardian by an indenture made of them 
between him and the said bailiff and jurats, and by him held until the full age of the 
infant ; and one part of the said indenture shall be delivered into the common 
treasury. And if there shall be none of the blood living, the bailiff shall deliver to 
bail the said goods and chattels to a sufficient man of the said commonalty, to be 
restored to the infant at his full age, in the manner as is above said, &o. 

47. — The Bailiff visitor of the Hospital. — Also, the bailiff shall have the visitation 
of the hospital of St Mary Magdalen, of Hastings, that is to say, once every year ; 
and there shall be in the said hospital brethren and sisters, sometimes more and 
sometimes less ; but no brother or sister shall be received into the aforesaid hospital 
except by the assent of the bailiff and the commonalty. And the rules of the afore- 



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80 NOTICES OF HASTINGS. 

said hospital shall be read before the bailiff at the time of the yisitation, at which he 
shall demand and enquire whether they be well kept or not ; and if no brother or sister 
shall have behaved in suoh a manner that he is unworthy of the house, the bailiff shall 
enquire into the life of all the brethen and sisters examined, and if any of them 
shall be attainted, the bailiff may remove him it he will. And the bailiff, by the 
assent of his fellows, if he shall find a man in the aforesaid commonalty infirm, and 
who has conducted himself in aooordanoe with the usages of the ports for all time, 
and who shall be impoverished in his goods and chattels, and have not wherewith 
to live on them, may put such into the said hospital to partake of the sustenance 
of the brethren and sisters without paying anything to the said hospital. 

48. — Prooeedinffs in actions and making special acts for the town, — Also, in all 
oases and articles, whether pleas of realty or of personalty, whereof no mention is 
here made, the bailiff, when the bailiff is the judge, as in the aforesaid place 
(Hastings), with his fellows, the jurats (or in a town where the mayor is judge, the 
mayor with his jurats) shall have recourse to the oaths of the inhabitants ; and 
witii them all laws and customs consonant with the laws (of the realm) shall 
originate and proceed. 

In Lyon's " Dover," the custumals of Dover, Hythe, Sand- 
wich, Rye, and Winchelsea are printed. It will be seen that 
the custumal of Hastings most closely resembles that of Win- 
chelsea. The document now translated is clearly a copy of 
the original produced in evidence by the corporation 
on the trial of the mandamus before Lord Hardwicke, in 
1736, and which custumal was immediately afterwards 
missing. The custumal of Pevensey was printed in the 4th 
vol. of our Sussex Arch: Coll: p. 209 — 18, and is of the 
same year. 

The privileges of this town were supposed to be infringed 
by the issue of a crown office writ, in the case of the 
celebrated Titus Otes, to remove the indictment to the 
King's Bench. The corporation records contain an entry on 
30th August, 1675. " This assembly are agreed that Mr. 
Maivr shall be advised by the ports Counsell (at the public 
charge of this corporacon), whether his ma**** writ out of the 
Crowne Office in the King's Bench, proceeded at the suite of 
Titus Otes, Clarke, to remove thither the indictment of pur- 
jurie, late preferred in Session against him by Francis 
Norwood, and served at the last Session, shall be defended 
or returned." The writ was obeyed and the indictment re- 
turned. 

In 1377, the French, finding this town almost empty (the 
inhabitants having doubtless gone to the aid of Winchelsaa)^ 
burnt it; and about the feast of St. Laurence, 10th August, 
1380, Stow states that the French again burnt it. 



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NOTICES OF HASTINGS. 81 

The corporation records, now in the town chest, do not 
commence till 1596. In the public records we find some- 
thing of the state of the town in the intermediate period. 

The Cheyneys were a family of note in this district, but 
lost their estates during the wars of the Roses. On 28th 
May, 1484, Richard III. granted to Robert Brakynbury, 
Esquire of his body, in tail male, in consideration of his ser- 
vices against the rebels, the lands forfeited by John, Robert, 
and Humphrey Chene, in the town and parish of Hastings." 

The town was only partially protected by walls. It had, 
however, 4 gates, viz., Newgate ; the Sea Gate by the Bourne's 
mouth; the Drawbridge Gate, at the east end of George Street, 
the remains of which were found in draining the town ; and 
the Water Gate, adjoining the Court Hall. Payments for the 
fortifications and walls appear as lately as 1628, and the 
town wall in 1667. 

On the right of our first woodcut is represented all that re- 
mained of the old Town HalF after March, 1702, when all 
that was over the Bourne was directed to be pulled down, 
and also the roof of that part which was once the prison and 
duck house which was to be pulled down to the Court Hall 
floor. The door way shews that it was in the perpendicular 
style, and so built after the attacks of the French. It had a 
bell. 

The commissioners for the subsidy, dated 20th Feb., 1514 
(5 Henry VIII.), were Robert Hall, (whose family owned 
Gensing and Halland, in East Hoathly) ; John Levet, of the 
Grove, in HoUington; and Henry Benevere. This John 
Levet had, in 25 Hen. VIII., settled his lands in HoUington, 
the blessed Mary in the Castle of Hastings, and St. Leonards, 
in tail male, on his son John, and in default of heirs, on his 
brother Richard. His daughter Mary married Francis 
Chaloner, of Little Horsted ; and their son Thomas succeeded 
under the wiU of John Levet, to a messuage and land in the 
Priory of St. Michael, in Hastings, another in Bulverhithe, in 
the occupation, in 1586, of Thomas Hawke, and lands in Cats- 

'• Pat 1, Rich : III. No. 72. the Bmtme, to contain twelve feet broad 

" On 7th April, 1615, it was agreed and fourteen feet long, as Mr. Mayor and 

at the common chaige to build a new his brethren should conclude and agree 

room, with a garret for a store house, with workmen, Sec. 

on the north side of the Qmrt Sail, on 

XIV. M 



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82 



NOTICES OF HASTINGS. 



field.*'' This is the Thomas Chaloner mentioned in Philip 
Henslowe's diary, in 1592 (p. 71), and in 1603 (p. 252). His 
son Francis is mentioned in Alleyne's memoirs (p. 63), as 
having borrowed £10 of the wife of Edward Alleyne, the 
actor. In editing Henslowe's diary, Mr. Collier says there 
is reason to believe that the family were of Sussex. Philip 
was, in fact, fourth son of Edmund Hensley or Henslow, of 
Lindfield, master of the game in Ashdowne Forest and Broil 
Park, in 1539, by his wife Margaret Ridge, a Sussex lady." 
The benevolence return of 36 Henry VIII. (1544), gives 
us the names of the principal inhabitants at that time, with 
the amount of their contributions.^ 



THE TWONB OF HASTINGB. 



Bdmund Jakelyn, alias Booher, 
there. . . . M 



baylyf 



Jamjs HobBon, gent. . 


£6 18s. 


Richard Byashop 
Johnlsted 


40s. 
£Z 


William Bgilden 


£6 


John Taylor, thelder . 


20s. 


Thomas Ck)wper, thelder 


208. 


William Benett . 


208. 


John Qylle 


208. 


Thomas Noke . 


24s. 


Thomas Horsseye 


268. 8d. 


Roger Forman . 


24s. 


Richard Tofte . 


208. 


John Wylson . 


20s. 


Thomas Frankewell . 


8ds. 


Thomas Wake of Clym 




House . 


268. 8d. 


Richaide Standen . 


24s. 


John Love thelder . 


208. 


Edward Durraunte , 


208. 


William Thomas 


208. 


Thomas Poppe 


208. 


John Waller . 


208. 


Richard PensegiU 


208. 


Robert Waye 


208. 


William Medelton . 


208. 



Total 



Thomas Standen . . 208. 

John Lowle . . . 20b. 

Agnes Durraunte . . 208. 

Edward Wood • . . 208. 

Markes Tofte ... 20s. 

Robert Morys . . . 24s. 

John Walles • . . 208. 

John Brygden . . . 208. 

Thomas Awoke, the mercer 208. 

John Barber . . . 266. 8d. 

Marten Brabone . . £S 

Thomas WoUey . 208. 

John Shewe . . . 208. 

RoberteBoyes . . . 408. 

Wilhn. Pensegill . . 20s. 

Markes Lokett . . . 20s. 

Jefferye Gawen . . . 20s. 

Sr. Roberte Crete, clerk 4s. 2d. 

Sr. William Longford, par- - 
son of All Hallowses, 

there .... BOs. 

Sr. Robert Symkyn, parson 

of Seynt Clementes, there dOs. 

Sr. Thomas Scott, derke . 208. 

Sr. Thomas Lowcke, derke 208. 

Sr. John White, derke . 4s. 2d. 

£67 7s. 8d. 



It was early in the reign of Elizabeth, that the danger of 
the pier or harbour became patent, and that proposals were 
brought forward for making a more commodious haven. 
The first step was taken by Edward Durrant, the Mayor, 



sy Proceedings in chancery, temp. Eliz. 
Two bills filed in 1586. 
M HarL M.S. No. 1562, fd. 114 b. 



Cal. Duo. Lane See also ante, p. 47 in 
Mr. Turner's paper on Ashdown. 
»» M.S. Record OS. J, B. G., 18, 881. 



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NOTICES OP HASTINGS. 83 

whose name appears in the above subsidy, and whose father 
John had been bailiff from Hastings to Yarmouth, in 1518, 
and bailiff of the town in 1525, 1526, and 1540. Edward 
Durrant availed himself of the aid of the Lord Warden, and 
procured from him the following letter to Secretary Cecil*** 
in favor of a new harbour. 

S' 

The bearer hereof, Edward Durand, is an inhabitant 
of the towne of Hastings. And because he hath lately been 
here w*** me, to shewe me of his industry and travaille tof the 
making of an harbrough fo y* towne, and is able both by 
divers resons and by demonstracons by platt (map) or other- 
wise to infourm you how it may be brought to effect : I am 
therfore bold to comend him unto yow, and to pray yow to 
vousafe to heare his opinion. 

The towneshipp is disposed by a common contribution to 
beare the cheife charge : so as it shall he litle or no charge 
unto the Queues ma*** onlesse it may please her highnes to 
consider them w* some ayde toward al. If therefore it may 
appere unto yow y* it is suitible to any such meet purpose 
and good effect as he reporteth it may be ; my request unto 
yow is y* y** will further his sute and y* (if it so may lik 
yow) to helpe him w* the Queues ma**** special comission 
for the provision of such stuffe laborers and artificers as shall 
be meit to comence those works. And thus taking my leave, 
I pray God allwayes to kepe yow in long helth and felicit. 
From Cobham, this x*** of Aprile, 1562. 

Allwayes youres, 

W. Cobham. 

To the right honorable S' Will" Cecill, knight, the Queues 
ma** principall secretarye. 

No effectual steps were taken, and the town became very 
much deserted, whilst the storms continued to render the 
pier less and less stable. Representations were made to the 
queen, and she issued in October, 1578, the following pro- 
clamation : — 



«• M.S.S. state Record Off. Dom. 1562. 

M 2 



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84 NOTICES OF HASTINGS. 

By the Queen. — An Exemplification of her Maiesties 
Letters Patent concerning her Highnesse Towne and Port of 
Hasting, in the countie of Sussex.*^ 

Elizabeth, by the f^ncQ of God, Queene of England, Fraunoe and Ireland, defen- 
der of the fayth, Sec. To all people to whom these our letters patent shal come, 
greeting. Where of our owne knowledge and certeine science we doe understande 
that our Towne and Port of Hasting, in our countie of Sussex, being the auncient 
Towne of our Cinque Fortes, is scituated upon the maine sea, verie neere the middest 
of a great Bay or open place, lying betweene two points of the land, which stretche 
foorth farre into the Sea, called the Beachy, and the Nasse, distant cache from the 
other thirtie miles, right opposite to the Realme of Fraunce, the auncient enemee 
of our counirey : as we are credibly enfourmed, the same Towne hath of long time 
beene a place not onely very well inhabited with warlike people, and greatly re- 
plenished with good Mariners and other men meete and serviceable for our Navy, 
well stored with shippes, barkes, crayers, and boates, but also suflSciently furnished 
with armour, and artillery of all sortes, both for sea and land : also very meete and 
commodious for fishing, and the Bay plenteously abounding with all sorts of fish, 
according to the severall seasons of the yere : by reason whereof the same Towne 
hath of long time bene by the inhabitants thereof, in time of warres, manfully de- 
fended against the sundry invasions and attempts of the French Nation, our ooaste 
therabouts lying very open against the French, by them often kept from spoile. 
Our marchants and loving subiects, and other travellers sayling along the coast, 
have often times by their shippes, and often times by their harborough beene saved 
and rescued from the furie of the enemies and the tyrannic of pirates : our navy, and 
the navy of sundry our noble progenitors, kinges of this realme, the better appointed 
by reason of their skilfull mariners, and cunning seamen. Also our household, our 
Citizens of London, and ouer oountreys to the said Port a^joyning, greatly bene- 
fited by their fishing. And where our said Towne hath of long time had a peere or 
harborough made of timber and other things set and placed in the sea, for the 
succour of the seamen, and defence of their shippes, barkes, crayers, and boates, 
against the great rage and furie of the sea, which hath bin alwaies mainteyned at 
the great and importable charges of the inhabitants of our said Towne of Hasting, 
until of late time the same peere or harborough was at a sudden, by the great 
violence and extreme rage of the sea, broken downe and caried awaie. Sithenoe 
which time the Towne is much decayed, the traffique of marchants thither forsaken, 
the fishing, by reason of the dangerous landing but little vsed, the riche and wealthy 
men gone thence, and the poore men yet remaining would gladly doe the like, if 
without ofience of our lawes they might be elsewhere received, whereby our people 
are likely to perishe, and our saide port likely to be subuerted and become desolate, 
or els the people there by necessite driven to commit g^^eat and heynous offences, to 
the great hinderance of the publique weale, unlesse some speedie remedie be for 
them provided. And where we be enformed by diners of our priuie counsell and 
nobilitie, and by diners artificers verie cunning and skilfull in that kinde of facultie, 
that a very good hauen or rhoade, for the arriuing and sauegard of shippes, barkes, 
crayers, and boates, may nere unto the said Porte with no great charge be made, 
to the great reliefe of the inhabitants and of all marchants and travellers sayling 
along the narrowe seas, and to the strength of our said coaste, and that the inhabi- 
tants of our saide porte be ready and willing to bestowe their landes, goodes, and 
labours to the uttermost of their power, to accomplish the same : notwithstanding 
of themselves very unhable to finish so great a worke, likely as it is thought to 
amounte unto the summe of foure thousand poundes, we therefore considering the 
premisses, and minding to prouide for the preseruation of our people, the main- 
tenance of our Navy and Towne, for the defence of our coaste and of marchants and 
travellers, and that the provision of our householde, our citie and countrey be not 
diminished, at the humble suite of our bailiff, jurates, and comminialtie of our saide 
Towne of Hasting, do by these our letters patents not onely giue and graunt unto 

*^ Proclamation Grenville library 179. 



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NOTICES OF HASTINGS. 85 

onr said bailiff, jurates, and oomminialtie, full power and authoritie, to make newe 
and finish our haven in such place or places nere unto our saide Towne and Port, 
as to them shall seeme most conTenient, and to the finishing and accomplishing 
thereof, yeeld our royall assent and consent : but also for the furtherance and better 
helping forth of the same, we do commend the same good and laudable intent and 
purpose, to the charitable and liberall contribucion and benevolence of all and 
singular our loving subiects dwelling within any of our realmes and dominions, 
that the rather for our recommendation the more liberall contribucion of our sayde 
subiects may be yeelded to the finishing of the said hauen, a worke tending much to 
the defence of our realmes, and to the profite of the common wealth of the same, 
and which wille cause to auoide manie great inconueniences that may insue by the 
neglecting thereof : and also be an evident declaration of the forwanie and willing 
mindes of all our louing subiects, to augment the prosperitie of our realmes and 
countreys. We of our speciall grace, certaine knowledge, and meere mocion, have 
giuen and graunted, and by these our letters patent, doe give and graunt full licence, 
permission and authoritie to our faithful! and welbeloved subiects, Richard Oalveley 
and John Jefferey, jurates of our saide Town of Hasting ; and William Belfe of Ore 
gentleman, and to euery of them and to all and euery other person or persons that 
shall be thereunto deputed and assigned by them, or by any two of them, by writing 
under the common seale of our saide Towne of Hasting, to aske, receive, collect, 
and take of all maner of persons whatsoeuer, spirituall or temporal!, Englishe borne 
or straungers in all places, as well within liberties as without exempt or not 
exempt, our citizeins of London or elswhere, within our realmes, cities and domi- 
nions wheresoever Christian contribucion and beneuolence of all our saide louing 
Bubiectes, that it may or shall please Qod to moue or stirre them to giue, contribute, 
yeelde, and paye towardes the new making of the saide hauen. 

Then follow the usual directions to mayors, vicars, &c., throughout the kingdom to 
oollectthe money which was to be paid to Thomas Smith, Esq., one of the Customers 
of London, John Heynes, Esq., Sergeant of the Catry, and William Heynes, Gent, the 
Queen's purveyor of "sea fish to be deposited in a chest with three keys, one to be kept 
by each of them and to be from time to time handed over on demand to Anthy, Visct. 
Montague, K.G., Wm. Lord Cobham, Lord Warden, Thos. Lord Buckhurst, who 
was Lord Lieutenant of Sussex, and the sd R. Calverly, John Jefferey, and Wm. Belfe, 
or any three of them, of whom the right honorables aforesaid, or his sufficient Deputy, 
was to be one; and they were appointed with the three commissioners, surveyors of 
the works. 

Witnesse our selfe at Cheynis, the one and thirtieth day of October, in the 
twentieth yere of our raigne, 1678. 



William Relf of Ore was the projector. Camden notices 
this contribution, and states that the money " was quickly 
converted into private purses, and the public good neglected." 
The principal defaulter may have been one of the commis- 
sioners, John Jeffery, one of the Jurats, since on 22nd July, 
1581, Sir Wm. Brooke and Lord Cobham (the Lord Warden), 
issued their warrant to the bailiff and jurats of Hastings to 
arrest him " for certain contempts," and to answer the com- 
plaints of Robert Threele : to which warrant the bailiff and 
jurats made a return on 7th August, that he was not to be 
found in this town. 

In the mean time, whilst the town was without sufficient 
protection from a pier, the threatened invasion of this country 
by the Spanish Armada took place ; and we have in the State 



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86 



NOTICES OP HASTINGS. 



Paper Office a return made in 1586 in contemplation of that 
event, of the names of the ships of this town, with the 
names of their masters, and of the whole of the able-bodied 
mariners in the place, which is not only very curious as 
showing the names then taken for the fishing boats, but also 
for the names of the masters and of the able-bodied men; 
amongst them we have a vast number of names which are 
still represented by the fishermen and the townsmen : thus, 
among the masters — Way, Taught, Farrant, Combes, Joy, and 
Cossum. And among the mariners are found — Woods, 
Butlers, Bennets, Staces, Hoddens, Daniels, Meadows, 
Taughts, Hydes, Palmers, Trotts, Bossums, Kings, Wink- 
fields, Aylesburys, Fishers, Joys, Sweetmans, Hollyars, 
Fauteleys, Holmans, Lotts, Boys, Midmores, Masons, and 
Whites (we here give the modern spellings) ; together with 
some others, such as Stanbynorth, Thistlethwait, and Lyher- 
bead no longer found amongst us. 



A trewe oertificate of all suoh Barkee, Shippes, and other yeBsayles, togetheres w*^ 
theyre eeveraU names and burdenes, and where they now remayne ; as also the 
seyerall of all the able masteers and marynerers belonging to the Towne and 
Porte of Hasting, taken the fyfthe day of February, Ano. Dni. 1586. 



The names of all fhe barkea, shippee, and 
yeaaella within the Towne and Porte of Hasting. 



The harden 
of the sayd 

■hippes, 
barkes, and 
vessayles. 



Where the 
sayd barkes, 
shippes, and 

Tesaellsnow 
remayne. 



The names of the hable 
masters. 



42 



|d6 
31 



The Ane Wye 

The John 

The Guifte of God 

The Peter Paulmeres 86 

The Elizabeth 

The Guifte of Good Boodyss 

The Mathewe Gawenns 

The Mathewe Penbuckles 

The Mary and John Lowes 

The Maye Flower 

The Newe Yere 

The Peter 

The Mary and John 

The Jaraee 

The Peter 



50 tonnes. 
42 



80 
25 
22 
22 
20 
20 



Wychelsey Robt.Waye. 

Hasting John Conny. 

Hasting Mychaell Dollery. 

Hasting Henry Tought. 

Lyne Markes Tariant. 

Hasting Bychard Penbucklo, 

Peavenseyi John Chawene. 

Hasting William Coumbes. 

Peavinsey Bobt. Beavor. 

Peavensey John Barry. 

Rye Markes Joye. 

Hasting Thonuis Rowland. 

Bye Dyonesse Duffate. 

Hasting Dyonesse Duffate. 

Hasting Henry Cossam. 



The number of barkes and other vessells, 15. ** 



«« The return for Rye is 45 ships, 36 
masters, and 149 maryners. Sandwich 
had 43 ships, the largest of which was 



100 tons ; and Hythe 10 ships and 88 
mariners. 



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NOTICES OF HASTINGS. 



87 



Able mene to take charge of y^ barkes and yeesayles afore-named. 



Markes Barry 
Bdmnnd Loote 
John Wood 
Thomas Bogerson 
William Chawen 
Bymon Butler 
John Bennet 
William Barker 
Isaacke Staoe 
Btemaon Abome 
Markes Luchete 
John Hnddar 
Markes Hyde 
Edward Turner 
John Stanbynorth, sen. 
Biohard Wayles, sen. 
Eobert DannyoU 
John Meddowe 
Bobert Tought, sen. 
John Hyde 
Thomas Paulmer 
Willm. Byppes 
John Arthur 
John Bytchine 
John Bayly, sen. 
Edward Trotte 
Edward Howlet 
Markes Tought 
John Sieanan, jun, 
John Steanan, sen. 
John Boeume, ju. 
Mathewe Browne 
Hartyne Lyhwes 
James MTheler 
Bobert Frpgebrok 
Henry Tynes 

The number of hable 



Thomas Shelter 
John Laoy 
Anthony Wilthews 
John Kinge 
Willm. Bowner 
Edmund Smyth 
Byohard Winkefeld 
Wilton Aylesbury 
Thomas Moons 
Bobert Prentyse 
William Bossume 
Henry Bossume 
William Lucket 
Byohard Bossume 
John Tyler 
William Woode 
Henry Buull 
Thomas Bowes 
Byohard Edborowe 
William Fyssher 
John Batman 
Bobert Paulmer 
John Joye 
Henry Winkefeeld 
Edwiurd Chumet 
John Beade 
Byohard Whyles, ju. 
Bobert Bogerson 
John Sweteman 
John Stanbynorth ju. 
Stre. Streate, 
Henry Stanbynorth 
William Crosske 
Jeffray HoUyar 
Xrofer Skotte 



Nyoholas Penbuokle 
Byohard Joye 
Thomas Nicholas 
Bobert Tought 
Markes Shriant, ju. 
Eobert Shriant 
Shurwell Bennet 
John Fautelay 
Bobert Smyth 
PhiJlippe Holman 
John Aymes 
Symonne Lotte 
Bobert Mydmore 
Eobert Pynner 
John Baylyffe, ju. 
Bobert Lylherberd 
John Kittye 
John Buokpoohe 
Thomas Joye 
Thomas Domey 
John Boyes, ju. 
John Ellioe 
Xpofer Chevel 
John Holman 
Markes Mason 
Henry Whyles 
Thomas Thishelthayghte 
Biohard Bossume 
Markes Whyte 
Stemson Chever 
Crombald Stanbynorth 
John Walkure 
John Clark 
John Madden 
Thomas Bogerson, jun. 



maryneres is 106 in the Towne and Porte of Hastings. 



In the year of the Armada itself, the largest of these ships 
" the Ane Wye," is not mentioned. The number of all the 
Hastings ships was 20, of a burden from 12 to 42 tons, 
having 32 masters and 326 mariners.^ 

In March, 1595, an attempt was made by men from the 
Cobbe of Lyme to rebuild the pier. The first winter storm 
however broke it away : and another work was began. 

The corporation books contain several entries relating to 



«* Bye had 82 ships, from 15 up to 
80 tons, with 84 masters, 291 mari- 
ners. Haying a harbour, it would of 
course have the vessels of a larger ton- 
nage. At this time there was not a 
single yessel of more than 80 tons 
in Sussex, Kent, or the Cinque Ports. 
Under 80 tons, Sussex had 65 ships, 
with 70 masters, 871 mariners, and 122 



fishermen; Kent. 95 ships and 248 
mariners ; and the Cinque Ports 
together, 220 ships, with 200 mas- 
ters, 604 mariners, and 148 fisher- 
men. Oottan M.S,S. Otho ix. p. 142. 
The preparations made by this county 
with its 7,522 able-bodied men, are set 
out in the jBoyoZ M,& Brit. Mus. 18, 
c. xzi. 



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88 NOTICES OF HASTINGS. 

the rebuilding. Thus on 31st May, 1596, those who had 
benevolently contributed were to bring in their monies, and 
those who refused to contribute were to be assessed by the 
mayor and two jurats before Midsummer, yet on 25th July, 
all had been expended, and the town being in debt, borrowed 
£20 of All Saints' parish, and all able men were ordered to 
work at the pier or to forfeit six pence every time they were 
required. On 13th August, the work was directed to continue 
on so much of the new pier as was "yet standing and remain- 
ing ;" whilst the whole of the shares of the Yarmouth fishery 
was appropriated towards payment of the debts and charges ; 
and if those shares, together with the contribution money of 
the county, would not suffice, the balance was to be borne by 
a common charge on the town. A sum of £195 13s. 3d. was 
expended by Mr. Richard Lyfe, the mayor, being £27 17s. 3d. 
more than the receipts. Half a share of the Scarborough fishery 
was granted, and a shot not exceeding £50 imposed. Never- 
theless in June, 1597, the town stood indebted to the work- 
men " in divers great somes, and £20 parcel of Richard Porter's 
purchase money of the Mynnews," was set apart towards the 
payment, and on 28th August, the work of the pier was com- 
mitted to Mr. Ferrys, till All Hallow tide with an allowance 
of £1 6s. 8d. 

But the new work was overthrown in less than an hour 
on the very day that Ferrys' appointment expired, i.e. 
1st November, (All Saint's day) 1597.** The town was 
left £200 in debt: and on 6th March, 1598, the corporation 
directed the Cliffe and other lands, called " concealed lands," 
which, as we shall see, had been granted to them in the pre- 
ceding month to be sold, and the Mayor s usual allowance 
of £6 13s. 4d. a year was abolished, in regard whereof 
the Mayors were discharged of " the supper on their election 
day, and the breakfast on Christmas day morning theretofore 
accustomed." In the same year the Cliffe or Clyve lands, 
which are situate between the old London road and the Fish- 
pond farm in All Saints' parish, were sold to James Hobson, 
the then tenant, for £160.** 

** Corporation records. Mercers and then to the Durrants, by 

^ In 1656 Mr. DanmoU paid 68. a year whom it was sold in 1882, to John Sam- 

for part of these lands, and Mr. Milward worth, Esq. ; it has been re-sold this year 

5s. for the other part. The portion, 60 a., to the Freehold Land Society, 
belonging to Mr. Danmoll passed to the 



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NOTICES OF HASTINGS. 89 

There does not appear to have been much done to repair 
the damage made by the storm of 1597, until at an assembly- 
held 14th April, 1611, when "it was ordered that the peere 
be presently repay red in the great ruynes and breaches thereof, 
(to avoyd great hazard and loss of stade, shippes, and barkes, 
very lykely to ensue) by the peeres stock, so farr as the same 
will extend, and the reste wanting to be supplied by order of 
a common assembly," and Richard Waller was to prose- 
cute the work. On 9th June it was agreed that Walter 
Fawteley should be the " surveyor and master workman of the 
woorke for the repairs of the peere." On 19th June, 100 
tons of timber for the pier, at 12s. 6d. a ton, were ordered; 
and a shot of £50 was assessed on all the inhabitants, after 
their abilities. And on 7 th August, it was ordered that *' every 
inhabitant of this towne, not coming upon Mr. Mayor and 
his brethren's commandment, readely to labor at the peere as 
hath byn accustomed, having no sufficient and allowable 
excuse therefore, every house wherein such person so fayl- 
ing to come doth dwell, shall forfeit and paie twelve pence 
toties quoties to the towne's vse.'' 

In July, 1613, Sir Thomas Glover, Knt., having purposed to 
be a suitor to the King, to grant his assent to the making of 
a haven for this town ; and that being obtained, to proceed 
to the further finishing thereof (God willing), at his own 
charge; a survey was agreed to, which was not to exceed 
£20. Again there was no good result. On 12th July, 
1615, the decree of 10th July, 1575, confirmed on 18th 
August, 1577, for a toll of 4d. a ton on all iron exported, 
was re-established, and the produce applied towards main- 
tenance of the pier. On 27 th April, 1617, the corporation 
on the motion of the fishermen, applied the quarter share of 
the fishery (which was doubled for that year) towards the re- 
paration of the pier; and on 26th May following, a charge of 
12d. was imposed upon every tun of beer drawn, one half of 
which was also appropriated for the same object. 

At an assembly held on 24th June, 1618, the Mayor and 
Mr. Lyfe were nominated to travel with Mr. Nicholas Evers- 
field to the Lord Warden, to procure his aid towards obtain- 
ing fresh letters patent towards re-edifying the pier. 

On 16th March, 1620, there was a proclamation of fresh Let- 
ters Patent for collections to be made for the fortifying, repair- 

XIV. N 

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90 NOTICES OF HASTINGS. 

ing, and furnishing the pier and haven of Hastings.^ We knour 
from the account book of John Everenden of Sedlescombe, that! 
the brief was collected : and from the corporation records that on 
I2th June, Mr. Nathaniel Lasher, jurat, was ordered to ride up 
to London with the three patents then lately granted by His 
Majesty to this town, concerning the pier, there to cause 
briefs to be printed, and to rexjeive instructions with Mr. 
Eversfield, Mr. Saunders, Capt. Lasher, the counsel for the 
town and others, for the better carriage and ordering of the 
patents, and to be allowed 2s. 6d. per day and his horse hire. 
To meet the then expenses of the pier, £40 were sub- 
scribed, viz., £10 by Mr. Waller, mayor, and £5 each by 
Wm. Byshop, Thomas Palmer, John Baylif, John Rygat, 
Wm. Lovell, and John Fawtley, jurats, and ordered to be 
repaid them by a scot or the letters patent. And in July 
following, Silvester Guilham was ordered to travel as deputy 
to the corporation, in Essex, Middlesex, and Herts, with an 
allowance of 5s. a day. And on 7th November, £20 were 
ordered to be paid to Mr. John Butler for his pains and 
charges, travelling Hants, Wilts, Dorset, Cornwall, Devon, 
and Somerset. 

The work was commenced, but stopped for want of fiinds. 

On 29th July, 1621, (19 James) — It was agreed ** that the worko of thepeffre shall 
cease for this yer so soone as the carpenters have fixed the head, which is already 
framed, unto that newe woorke which is sett downe ; and thereupon the workmen to 
be dismissed. And that now betwene this and Michaelmas next such provision of 
more tymber shall be brought home as in the discretion of the Treasurer and surveyors 
of the peere shall be thereunto thought fitt ; to the intent that with the first of the 
next Spring the carpenters and other workmen may proceed to a further supply, 
and finishing of the whoU peere to Qod*s good pleasure.*' In July, in the following 
year, a kind of advertisement was published for borrowing more money for the 
finishing of the pier, to be repaid out of the sums collected under the patents, or by 
a general shott on the inhabitants of the town. 

A last attempt was made in 1635, under the advice of an 
eminent Dutch engineer, Henrich Cranhalls, to make a fresh 
haven at the Priory stream. The entries in the corporation 
books are : — 

22nd January, 1636. — " This assemblie being called to consider of the decaie of the 
jfeere of this towne, and haveing conoeaved some hopes, through Ood's blessing, 
that by suite to his M^jestie meanes male be gotten for the makeing a haven att the 
Pr'tori^^ where tis hoped it will prove a convenient place for that purpose, and to 
proceed upon the better ground. It is granted that an able surveyor, and undertaker 
be procured to come downe to viewe the place, and upon his report thereof this as- 
semblie resolve further to proceede to make suite to his Majestic, or otiierwise for 
obteyning meanes to make the said haven if it be approved and acyudged feasible 



*« Procl: Soo: Ant. 



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NOTICES OF HASTINGS* 91 

by the said Burveyor. And this assemhlie hath granted the sum of £10 for the said 
surveyor's charge in ooming downe, viz., six pounds from the peeres stock and fower 
pounds from the ohamherlain*s, and have nominated, entreated, and authorised 
Thomas Bainolds, towne derke, solicitor in this business, to procure the said surveyor 
to come downe, and further, as the occasion shall require; whose reasonable charges 
ehall be considered and allowed by this corporation, whoe shall be commissioned 
and authorised under the common seale or scale of maioraltie as shall be fittest in 
this behaife." And on 15th February, it was reported "that Thomas Rainolds had 
accordingly (by God's blessing) performed, brought one Henrioh OranhalUy a 
Dutch ingener, whoe uppon serious survey thereof dooth give his opinion and judge- 
ment that a very good haven maie there be made, and hath promised to undertake 
the same, and to attend the towne't< suite and petition in that behaife whenever he 
shall be required. And, therefore, this present assemblie is resolved to essaie to get 
his Mf^estie's favour in this behaife to procure means for performing so good a 
worke, and doe grant the sum of £10 out of the peeres stock and £10 more out of 
the towne's scott towards the charges in that suite to his Majestic ; and also have 
authorised and appointed Mr. Nicholas Savile and the said Thomas Rainolds to 
Bolicite the same on the towne's behaife, whose charges in that case shall be allowed 
uppon reasonable accompt ; and they do further grant that such other monies as the 
service shall necessarilie require shall be supplyed, &c. ; and the said Thomas Rainolds 
hath given in his bill of expenses about getting downe the said ingenier which is 
approved and allowed by this present assemblie." 

His estimate, including the cost of the pier, was no less 
than £220,000. 

Accordingly in March, 1636, the following petition**^ to the 
king, was presented from the corporation. The petition 
" most humbly supplicateth your most gracious Majesty to con- 
sider, that whereas in antient times, the said towne hath 
been an eminent port for sea service to the kings and queenes 
of this realm by their warlike ships and men, and for trade 
and merchandize, and also for the supply of sea fish, to your 
Highness bord, the cities of London and Westminster, and the 
countrie; but of later times for want of a harbour the said 
towne is become poor, and unable to bear her charge and 
sustaine itself, and is thereby daily the more deserted ; and 
especially now most like to be sodainely undone by great 
decay of the peere there, which cannot long endure, and every 
storme is greatly feared will be carried away, and then their 
fishing (the only livily hood of the said towne) is gone, and a 
great nursery of maryners and able seamen for your Majesty's 
royal navy lost; which poor trade of fishing (likewise) in 
times of warre is greatly hindered. They therefore in most 
humble wise beseech your Majesty (commiserating their un- 
avoidable misery) to give your royal grant for a haven to be 
made ati your Highness said towne and port, which was for- 
mp'-ly intended by queen Elizabeth (as appears by her high- 



'7 Addl: M.S.S. Brit Mus. 5705, fol. 158. 

N 2 



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92 NOTICES OF HASTINGS. 

nes letters patent ready to be shewn) and for raising the 
money to accomplish the work, your petitioners most humbly 
offer unto your highness consideration, the particulars 
annexed; which honorable design, as it is generally approved 
by able artificers feasible and most commodious, so (by God's 
help) it will prove a great increase of shipping, i&c., and ad- 
vantageous for your honor, strength, defence, and profit, of 
your Highness, the state, and country, and to save a multi- 
tude of shipps and your Majesty's subjects, who are yearely 
cast away for want of a haven there. 

And all your said poor petitioners, as in duty bound, shall 
ever pray." 

Annexed are " motives and reasons considerable for making 
a haven at Hastings." 

1* — The plaoe by many able artificers, and more specially of late by one (excel- 
lent) named, Henrick Eranhalla, a Dutch ingineer, exactly surveyed and approved 
to be a place very fitting in every respect to make a very good haven to harbour 
ships of 400 cons and better, and of extent sufficient to receive 200 sail and more, 
who (if he be recognised) will undertake the worke ; for which said haven Queen 
Elizabeth granted letters patents, and thereupon it was begonne, but failed for want 
of supply. 

2. — ^The port of Hasting of ancient time hath been the chief and eminentest of the 
ports for shipping, tradeing, &«., and have atchieved many great, honorable, and 
acceptable services to the prince and states against the French (to whom they 
lie open and dangerous) and against other common enemies, suppressing of pirates, 
&c., but now of a long time destitute of a good harbour and become poor ignoble and 
unable ; yet (by Ood*s blessing) this haven being made, will be thereby soone re- 
stored to her auncient dignitye and ability for the honor, good defence, and profitt 
of her King and country. 

3.-^The said haven will be a place where many good shipps of force may be in a 
readiness to encounter a foraign fleet and sodaine attempt of any enemy at sea. 

4. — ^A very hopefiill nursery of mariners, seamen, and warlike people, for better 
safeguard of that dangerous coast, and supply to his Majesty's navy ; there being 
already in that town (by Ood's good providence) some 8 or 400 able seamen to 
boginne. 

5. — ^A place of great safety and preservation of many thousand Christian lives, and 
the shipping and merohandiise to uncomputable value, which by reason of the two 
dangerous points thereof, Beachie and tiie Nesse, in stress of weather, are in un- 
avoidable danger of losse, for those places there are extremely perillous by reason of 
those Imbayes, dec., as daily is too woefully experienced by such lamentable 
wrecks, &c. 

6. — ^A place most likely of great resort of shipping, as well for safety as trade and 
merchandize, because it stands in all respects most commodious for succour, and to 
invite as well the trade of France as of other countries, and so an increase of mer- 
chants and able inhabitants in those weak and dangerous parts. 

7. — ^A meanes of defence, of profit and enrichment to the kingdom, the King (in 
augmentation of his customs) the country, the lands, and all inhabitants thereabouts, 
increase of shipping, &c. 

8. — Many shipps will put in there for safeguard, which, if they once poBS the said 
two points of danger, touch no part of England ; and by that means will follow a 
vent of commodities, and thereby extraordinary increase of customs and other pro- 
fits ; also the bringing in of strangers prizes there rather than to hazard the loseing 
them and themselves in carrying them by the said 2 points so jfarr home ; will be a 
means of increase of the said customs, profits, ko. 



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NOTICES OF HASTINGS. 93 

9. — ^A place most eminent for the speediest despatch of ambassadors, posts, mes- 
sengers, &o., as being the nearest port to the courts of England and France, lying 
jnat opposite to Diep. 

10. — ^An increase of the craft of fishing, and thereby a more plentifall supply of 
sea fish to his M^jesty^s boards, the City of London, the country and other places. 

" Reasons necessarily requiring the said haven." 

11. — ^No good harbour for succour all along that coast (of all most dangerous) 
from Portsmouth to Dover or the Downs. 

12. — For want whereof there very often happen innumerable, invaluable, and most 
miserable losses of men, ships, goods, and merchandizes, cast away on either side 
upon those points every year ; this winter already 20 or 30 sail, whereof 18 in one 
night 

13. — ^Those places and coasts there, for want of a haven, are destitute of shipps 
and other helps to defend in time of attempts (those parts most likely for attempt 
and most open to danger^ and for want of tiade and traffique are of all the country 
weakest and poorest inhabited, and being places of most danger and far more subject 
to charge than the inland parts, are every day more and more deserted ; and thence 
the kingdom less guarded and secured. 

14. — ^The said poor towne of Hasting most likely to be utterly undone and lost by 
decay of the peere there, which cannot stand long, but is greatly feared may go avray 
every stormy tide. 

15. — ^The saide towne cannot subsist in time of warre, when their only trade (of 
fishing) their only livelyhood will be totally hindred, and all the inhabitants thereby 
soon undone. 

On the 28th March, upon relation of Mr. Savile and 
Thomas Rainolds of the success of the suit concerning 
the haven ; " This present assemblie doe thereuppon con- 
ceive good hopes to obtaine the said suite. And whereas 
his Majestic hath given his gracious reference for grant 
thereof to the lords of his Majestie's most honorable privie 
counsell, it is now resolved that a hearing thereof be 
accordingly attended at the bord by the forenamed solici- 
lors, whose former paines therein is approved, and their 
charges granted to be allowed, and their bills audited 
by the general auditors; and it is further granted that 
what monies shall be requisit to accomplish this busi- 
nes shall be supplied from time to time; and if the cham- 
berlain's stock afford not sufficient supplie, then it shall 
be elsewhere taken up and borrowed, and the assembly grant 
the same to be repaid by scott or other usual course, and 
what shall be so ftirther expended, the one-half thereof shall 
be disbursed by the peere wardens, and to them allowed uppon 
their accompts." 

At the court at St. James, 30th March, 1636, his majesty 
referred the petition to the Privy council, and on a paper 
subjoined to the petition is written : — 



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94 NOTICES OF HASTINGS. 

" A general collection throughout England and Wales to 
beginne the work ; 

And one pennie a tonne of all such ships passing by the 
port of Hasting, as shall arrive at London and Hasting, or 
-any port or place between them ; and all the duties of the 
haven to be granted for maintenance thereof." 

And here the matter ended. The times were disturbed : 
the money to prosecute the reference was not forthcom- 
ing: and at length we have the matter disposed of on 11th 
April, 1637. 

" For the further prosecuting of the suit to obtaine a hearing before his M^estiea 
most honble Privie Gounsell (to whom his gracious M^jestie hath referred it) about 
our suite of the haven begon according to a late decree &c. & the rather because kind 
letters from Sir Thos. Culpepper Lieut of Dovor CasUe granting his best heipe &, fur- 
therance therein now read This Assemblie doe grant one Scott of £dO to be made 
fourthwith, to be assessed by the common assessors, & collected by the two Sargents 
of the mace. And Mr. Savile & Mr. Bainolds are hereby further intreated &. authorized 
to prosecute the said suite as the said Sir Thos. Culpepper shall direct &c. Md that 
most of the Lords of the Counsell, our Lord Warden and others weere privatlie 
solicited & prepared before hand, consented to & approved of the business k promised 
their consent. The Lord Keeper satisfied how money should be raised, the Mayors 
of the Trinity Howse the Custom Howse & Farmers approved & promised their aide Sec 
Sir John Baker (who ownes the priorie Lands where the Haven must be) impounded 
before his M^jestie to give £2000 freelie, the Companie of Fishmongers of London 
£300 & to furnish & lend £3000 more till monie came in. Dr. Bives the Kings 
Miyesties Advocate (who solicited with us) promised to take nothing for his paina 
nor fees & to give £10. Divers other Qents Teomen Farmers & others to contribute 
freelie & helpe in the woorke. And all these proceedings k. hopes lost for want of a 
Bupplie of about £20 to carrie on the suite. A great remissnes & n^lect &o.*' 

The accompanying woodcut shows the old harbour, and 
the new work of 1597 : as they existed in 1832. 




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NOTICES OF HASTINGS. 



95 



Tn the beacli book of the Cinque ports we have a return 
of the Hastings fishing boats engaged in the Yarmouth 
fishery in 1641. 

Hastings. Right worshippU. and our verie loving brother, oom- 

Underthe sealeof office baron, and friend, wee comend us kindly unto you, and 

of Maioraltie there, 6 (according to antient use) wee certifie you as well the 

dale Sept, anno 1641. names of such masters and barques, wth. their burden 

and nomber of their men and boyes, as go on fishing to Yarmouth 

from this towne, this present yeare, as alsoe the names of the 

inquestmen for this yeare, thither retomed from this towne ; and 

soe wishing you good successe in your journey and affaires, wee 

comitt you to God. 

Maisters. 
Mr. Thomas Palmer 
John Heede . 
Michell Clayden 
John Bailey . 
Henry Bossom 
William Ball . 
Bobte. Winokfeild 
Mark Moore . 
Lonewell Luokett 
Nicholas Meadow 
Mark Printes . 
Thomas Joye . 
James Pym . 
Thomas Eitchin 
Bobte. Winckfeild 
Robte. Heede . 
Mark Ball 
Nicholas Danyell 
Thomas Luckett 
Andrew Skeech 
William Fermor 
John Howsy . 
John Sergeant 
Robte. Sergeant 
Robte. Bartholomew 
Thomas Sergeant 
Richard Sergeant 
Richard Wheeler 
Robte. Phillip 
William Stevenson , 
Thomas Stide . 
John Phillip . 
Robte. Palmer 



Barques. 


Tonns 


Men. 


Boyes 


The Thomas 


. 30 


12 


3 


The John . 


. 26 


10 


2 


The Mary . 


. 80 


12 


2 


The Gift of God . 


. 25 


10 


2 


The Peter . 


. 26 


10 


2 


The Willing Mind 


. 30 


12 


3 


The Abigail . 


. 26 


10 


2 


The Grace . 


. 26 


10 


2 


TheAlse 


. 30 


12 


3 


The Margery 
The Great Joane . 


. . 26 


10 


2 


. 30 


12 


3 


The Blessing 


. 24 


10 


2 


The Great Elizabeth 


. 30 


12 


2 


The Sheeremould 


. 25 


10 


2 


The Ellen . 


. 30 


12 


3 


The Hopewell 


. 30 


12 


8 


The Little Elizabeth 


. 25 


10 


2 


The Charles 


. 30 


11 


2 


The Little Joane . 


. 20 


10 


2 


The Andrew , 


. 30 


12 


8 


The Mary and John 


. 30 


12 


2 


The George . . 
The Middle Elizabeth 


. 22 


10 


2 


•. 28 


11 


8 


The Speedwell 


. 26 


10 


2 


The Francis . 


, 30 


12 


2 


The Thomas 


. 30 


12 


2 


The William 


. 30 


12 


2 


The Clement 


. 26 


11 


2 


The Desire . 


. . 26 


10 


2 


The Care Not 


, 26 


10 


2 


The Luzom k Elizabetl 


ii . 30 


12 


3 


The Delight . 


. . 30 


W 12 


2 


The Alice . 


. 26 


10 


2 



946 



363 76 



rw,«-*^«„ 5 William Dighton \ 
^^*™®°? Thomas Byddendbn/ 



Your verie loving Brethren, Combarons, and Friends The Maior 
and Jurates of the Towne and Porte of Hasting. 

To the right worshipfull our verie loving Brother, Combaron, and 
Friend, Richard Mills, Jurate of the Ancient towne of Rye, and 
one of the Bailiffes electe and admitted to Great Yarmouth. 



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96 NOTICES OF HASTINGS. 

A storm at the close of 1656, seems to have washed away 
all that remained of the pier, for on 27th January, 1656-7, 
it was decreed that notice be given by " the common crier that 
all persons who have saved any of the peeres tymbers^ planks^ 
or holts that they do not hack cutt sell or embezzle same but 
bring the same unto the Peere Wardens and for their salvage 
shall have content and satisfaction, penalty, &c.," and several 
payments appear in the town accounts for saving the piers 
planks and placing down a capstan. 

Before the reformation there existed in this town, Saleme's 
chantry, Gawthren's chantry, and Salter's chantry;*® a sti- 
pendiary at Jesus Altar, in St. Clement's Church; and a 
stipendiary of All Saint's Parish : but no particulars of the 
property have been printed. 

To a special commission dated 25th November, 1570, (13th 
Elizabeth) there is a return of a tenement called Wanninge, 
in All Saints, given for an obit, and worth 3s. 4d. a year. 

On 6th July, 1578, Wm. Weston petitioned Lord Burgh- 
ley to have the farming of the land and houses here part of 
the chantry lands : yet the bulk was concealed. In the re- 
turn to another special commission, we have the " perticuler 
examinacions of divers persones under the handes and scales 
of Lawrence Levytt, Edmonde Coppinger, and John Ashe- 
bumham, Esquires, dely vered for evidence unto John Barley, 
th elder, and the reste of the inqueste at Hastinge, the xvth 
daye of Januarye, anno domini 1581." 

The depositions of the undernamed persons are given : 
Richard Calverley, of Hastinge, aged 61 ; Thomas Love, of 
Hastinge, aged 62 ; Robert Osborne, mason, aged 50; William 
Fawtley, aged 40 ; John HoUandes, aged 35 ; and Edmond 
Saunders, aged 67. 

SUSSEX.**— The presentment of John Barley, senior, Roger Whyte, John Smyth, 
Edmond Saunder, Thomas Davye, Thomas Townrowe, Richard Qodfrey, John Joye, 
John Howlhert, Willyan Coombes, Thomas Burman, Thomas Chatfild, Robert 
Jynkyne, John Austen als Ryponder, senior, and Edward Trott, deliveryd at 
Hastinge the xy"> daye of Januarye, a° d°*. 1681, unto Lawrence Levytt, Esquire. 
Edmond Coppinger, Esquire, and John Ashebomham, Esquire, amonge others 
comissionated by vertue of her Mf^estles comission unto them directyd being here- 
unto affixed, wherunto also are anexed all such particuler examynacions as under 

*• Here and at Brede. Index of are- " Special commissions, Sussex, 24 

turn, No. 49. Eliz., No. 88. 



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NOTICES OF HASTINGS. 97 

thandes and seales of the sayd oomyssioners was for evydenoes delyyeryd unto the 
sayde John Barley and the rest of thinquest. 

HASTINGS Ss. — ^Imprimis they answer and saye as before hath byn sayd inacer- 
teyne presentment made and exhibited bearinge date the viy^ daye of September 
B,** d^. 1670 and more then that recyted in the sayd presentment they cane not saye. 

Item they doe presente saye and fynde one yearlye rente of eight shiliinges 
Issuinge out of the howse nowe in the tenure and occupaoion of one John Horssey 
which dyd apperteyne to the stypende in the parishe of All Sainctes in Hastiuge 
which hath byne oonoeallyd and kept backe from our Sovereigne Ladye the queens 
Mi^ty and her noble progenitors from and sythens the fyrst yeare of our late lord 
Kynge Edward the syxte. And also they doe finde and lykewise presente fowar 
gardeins oonteyninge by estimaoion one roode*of lande more or less, the which all- 
wayes apperteyned and belongyd to the tenements at Bullockes Hyll durynge 
these twentye yeares ; and hath byn ccnseallyd and kepte backe by one Willyam 
Benett, late of the towne of Hastinge deceassyd and one Richard Calverley nowe of 
the sayde towne of Hastinge, whoe sayth that he payeth rente for the same to one 
Hr. Byrde of London his landlord. 

Item they doe fynde and lykewyse presente one lytle gardeyn plott a^joyninge to 
the tenementes and gardeyns aifore sayde againste the sowth and is in the tenure of 
Thomas Barley, (the nowe farmer or tenante is one Luke Johnsone) worth yeriye 
aboute xx<* ; and hath byn conseallyd ever sythens the fyrst yere of the reign of 
Kynge Edward the syxt 

Item they doe fynde and lykewyse presente one lytle gardeyn plott lyeinge and 
a4joyninge to the Palmtree Howse nowe in the occupacion of one Thomas Lasher 
which gardeyn plott ys and doth belonge to her Ma^^ for the which the sayd 
Tho: Lasher payeth rente yearlye Yiij<* (as he sayth) By what means they saye they 
knowenot; which gardeyn hath byne in his occupacion the space of fyve years of 
which tyme he hath payde rente three years to one Bartholmewe Garawaye, so 
remeyneth unpayd the rente for two years as he hath enformyd us and also doth 
belonge to the sayd Palmtre howse. 

Item they do presente and saye that they sawe in thandes of their forman (yis 
John Barley) one dede indentyd conoeminge one pece of grownd lyinge in the parishe 
of St. Clementes sume tyme paroell of G autrons Chauntry, which dede bearith 
date the last daye of June a^ regni Henr: 6 iduj^ and doth oonoeme the yerlie rent 
of viy* yiy<i issuinge out of Effligksfeld, which dede was read perused and sene 
and by the sayd Jurors delyreryd to the handes of the comissioners ; and also one 
dede indentyd in thandes of Mr. Lyff now bayllif of Hastinge oonceminge the 
yearlye rente of ii\j> yearlye out of one pece of lande lyeinge in the parishe of All 
Sayittes made by & Thomas Scott, some tymes parsone of Salterns Chaitntrt 
to one Regies of the sayd towne deceassyd, the true effect of which deed doth oon« 
oeme the sayd yeriye rente of iiij" ; the sayd paroell of lande is nowe in the occupa- 
oon of John Lnnsforde of Hastinge. 

Item they doe fynde the yearly rente of zx^ due unto her Mc^esty issuinge out of 
the two gardeyns late Willyam A James of Hastinge deceassyd, nowe in th occupa* 
cion of Thomas Weekes of Hastinge, abuttinge the one head to a certeyne stone 
wall of the sayd gardeyn east, to the gardeyn of the heires of Thomas Brett againste 
the sowth, and to the queens highwaye againste the west, and to the tenement of 
Willyam Sloman againste the north. 

Item they doe present one lytle plott of waste grounde, wher upon hath stande 
sume tymes one lytle shopp lato in the occupacion of one Willyam Creassye; which 
shopp aboute fower or fyve years past was drawen from the said plote of grounde by 
the sayd Creassye, after y' he had bought the same of Mr. Hutton, lyenge to the 
IfAYNE Rocke against the north, and to the gardeyn of the sayd Cressy against the 
west and to the queens high waye leadinge from Hastinge to the pryorye against 
the sowth, worth by the yere aboute — and sold by the said Hutton unto the sayd 
Cressey for the value of xiy* iiy<i or ther aboutes. 

Item the two houses in the former presentment in thoccupacion of Robert Tyherst 
and Willyam Marshall were at that tyme by them supposyd to be worth twenty 
poundes the repayringe and now at this present unrepayrable : how be it they estimate 
the tyles, tymber, stone, and other stufif to be worth aboute fowar powndes. 

Item they doe presente that Richard Westone hath pulled down one tenement in 
the parish of All Sainctes late one Standens, out of the which tenement her 

XIV. O 



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98 NOTICES OF HASTINGS, 

Mnjestie was eeised of one yearlie rente of x* But by what auctfaoritye he pnllyd 
the same downe they say they know not, yet y' notwithstandinge the sayd Westone 
sayd he pulled the same downe in hys owne right and to his owne use; the yaJue 
whereof they suppose to be six poundes xiiij*> iiij**. 

Item they doe present one tenement late in thoocupacyon of Bobert Wryte in 
the parish of All Saimctes in Hastinge is fallen downe in default of repayringe 
and the tymber thereof utterlye consumyd burnt and caryed awaye, by whome they 
saye they knowe not ; they value the tymber therof aooordinge to their former 
presentment at y*. The howse plote and the gardeyn ther unto a4Joyninge is and 
hath byne in the occupacion of one Thomas Bowes the space of two years or ther 
aboutes by thassignement of Bartholmewe Garawaye (as he sayth), and farther 
say th he hath payde no rente for the same as yet^ which tbey doe esteme to be wortbe 
aboute xij* yearly. 

Item they say that whereas in the former presentement they did suppose that 
xv" would repayre the Palmtre Howse at that tyme, nowe they do present and 
saye that the sayd howse is so ruynouse and sore decayed that they suppose it to 
be unrepayrable ; and ^ey value' the slate, tyle, stone, tymber, and other stuff of 
the said howse to be worth vj" xiij* iiij<* or ther aboutes. 

Item they doe present that John Durrant of Hastinge hath pullyd downe parte 
of the tymber of one tenement lyinge over againste the Palmtre howse in the parish 
of SK Clementes in Hastinge, but by what aucthoritye they saye they knowe not ; 
But they saye the sayd Durrant dyd saye unto them he boughte the same of Mr. 
Fitzwillyams ; and they doe value the same at xvjb accordinge to the former 
presentement 

Item they doe present that the tenementes nowe the heires of Huokles and nowe 
in the occupacion of Kiohard Westone rentithe yearlye x\j^ to her Miyestie. 

Item they doe present that all the tenementes and shoppes standinge at Bullocks- 
htll conteyned in number syxe, and one shopp were all pullyd dowen taken oon- 
▼ertyd and caryed awaye by Mr. Lyff nowe bayllif of Hastinge, But by what 
authoritye he hath done the same they knowe not ; And they value the same at 
twelve poundes according to their former presentement. 

Item they doe presente that the tenementes shopps chambers and garrattes in the 
parish of Saint Clementes in Hastinge nowe callyd the Butchery and verye 
muohe in decaye in tymber, tylinge, walinge, and other reparacions, so that as 
they do suppose that thirtye poundes will not suf&cientlye repayre them. 

Item they doe presente the yearly rente of j** by yere payable unto her Migestie 
out of one paroell of lande late in the occupacion of one William Benett and nowe 
in the occupacion of one Bichard Calverloy conteyninge by estimacion in bredth tene 
foote of assyse lyeinge to the north ende of a gardeyn belonginge to her Majesty 
late belonginge to Gautbons Chantbt in the parish of S^ Clementes in Hastinge. 

Item they doe presente and saye that of their owne knowledge they doe not knowe 
wheather the tenement in S' Clementes nowe in the occupacion of one Thomas 
Love and late Bichard Almon of Bye ought to pay y« rente by the yere unto the 
sayd churche of S' Clementes otherwyse then he hymself hath deposyd. 

Item they doe presente that Bichard Westone hath received the rente of xs yearlye 
by thandes of one Willyam Mychell for the space of one whole yere and more for 
her Majesdes shopps in the parishe of S' Clementes in Hastinge. 

I'i'BM they doe presente that Mr. Lyff nowe Bayllif of Hastinge and Mr. John 
Jeffrey late Bail! if ther hath recey ved rente for the queens M^jestys shopps in the 
parishe of S' Clementes in Hastinge afforesayd at sundrye fayres ther holden. 

Laubence Levytt. Edm. Copinqeb. Assrebubneham. 

By her charter, dated 14th Febniary, 1588-9, the Queen 
granted to the corporation " All that our late chantry called 
Saleme^s chauntrye, in Hastynge aforesaid ;" and " all that 
our late chauntry, called Gawthoms or Gauthorne's chauntry, 
in Hastynge aforesaid." And all messuages, &c, and ap- 
purtenances to the said late chantries, or to either of them 



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NOTICES OF HASTINGS, 99 

belonging. " And also all our lands, tenements, meadows, 
feedings, pastures, rents, reversions, woods, underwoods, and 
hereditaments whatsoever, with the appurtenances in Has- 
tynge aforesaid ; to the late stipendiary at the altar of Jesus^ 
within the church of Saint Clement aforesaid, in Hastynge, 
being heretofore given or appointed. And also all those lands 
in Bexhill, in the same county of Sussex, extending to the 
yearly rent or value of 5s., to the same late stipendiary here- 
tofore in like manner, being given or appointed. And all 
our lands, tenements, meadows, feedings, pastures, and here- 
ditaments, with the appurtenances, in Hastynge aforesaid to 
the late stipendiary within the parish of All Saints^ in Has- 
tynge aforesaid being heretofore given or appointed. And 
also all those, our 2 closes of land, called Bexley closes^ with 
the appurtenances, containing by estimation 4a., lying and 
being in Hastinge aforesaid, now or late in the tenure or occu- 
pation of Thomas Lord Buckhurst, or his assigns, of the yearly 
rent of 12s. And all the yearly rent of 3s. 4d. ; and all our 
yearly rent of 3s. 4d., issuing out of the lands of the church 
of AU Saints^ in Hastinge aforesaid ; and the yearly rent of 
6s. 8d., yearly issuing out of the lands called Sharpes^ in 
Hastinge aforesaid ; and the yearly rent of 20d. by the year, 
issuing out of a tenement called Church-howse^ in Hastinge 
aforesaid, being given, limited, appointed, or applied to the 
late Obit, Lamp, Light, and such like, in Hastinge aforesaid." 
And also, " all that our parcel of land, and our hereditaments, 
called the Stone Beache^ with the appurtenances, in Hastinge 
aforesaid ;" and all " messuages, houses, edifices, and build- 
ings whatsoever, with the appurtenances in and upon the 
aforesaid parcel of land, called Stone Beache^ now or lately 
being erected, built, or constructed. And all those our lands 
and hereditaments, called Cliffe Lands^ with the appurten- 
ances, and all other our lands, tenements, and hereditaments, 
lying and being in Hastinge aforesaid, or elsewhere in our 
said county of Sussex ; being heretofore given or appointed 
by one Jenetta a Clyve, otherwise Clyff,** or by some one or 
sohie others, for the maintenance of an obit in the churches 
of All Saints^ in Hastinge aforesaid, and Westham^ in our 

*« For notice of the Atte Clyve's see liflf in 1453. 
ante p. 71. John Atte Clyve was bai- 

2 

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100 NOTICES OF HASTINGS. 

said county of Sussex, or in one of tliem ; and all those our 
lands, tenements, and pastures, called Sharpe LandSj with 
the appurtenances. And all lands within Hastinge aforesaid, 
or the liberties of the same, now or late in the tenure or occu- 
pation of Thomas Colgate, or his assigns. And all our lands, 
tenements, and hereditaments, called Magdalen's Lands and 
Churchefields^ with the appurtenances, situate and being in 
Hastinge aforesaid, or within the liberties of the same. And 
all those our fresh and salt marshes, and other our lands, 
tenements, tithes, rents, and hereditaments whatsoever, in 
Hastinge aforesaid, with the appurtenances, or within the 
liberties of the same, now or not long since concealed sub- 
tracted, or unjustly detained from us, or from our progeni- 
tors; and all the issues, rents, and yearly profits of all and 
singular the premises, so from us or from our progenitors sub- 
tracted or unjustly detained, from the time that the same 
premises came to, or ought to have come to our hands, hitherto 
coming or growing. And also the advowson, donation, free 
disposition, and right of patronage of the rectory and church 
of the blessed Mary in the CasUe^ of Hastinge aforesaid, com- 
monly called or known as the Castle parish and St. Andrew^ 
or by the name of one of them, with all their rights and ap- 
purtenances." To hold by fealty only in free and common 
soccage, and not in chief nor by knights' service, paying 
yearly £26. 

The first Mayor named by the charter was Thomas Hay, 
gentleman (then bailiff), and the jurats also named were 
George Porter, Richard Lyffe, James Breham, Thomas Lake, 
Eichard Calverley, Roger Ferreis, Richard Francke, James 
Lasher, Richard Frenche, Thomas Love, John Lunsforde, and 
Richard Istedd.*^ 

These were the names of most influential men. Thomas 
Hay was founder of the family at Glyndboume, being eldest 
son of William Hay, of Robertsbridge ; his mother was a 
Tufton, of Northiam. Richard Lyffe was member for the town 
in this year; he had sat in the parliaments of 1562 and 1571, 
and was again returned in 1592, 1597, 1601, 1603; and on 
4 th August, 1 604, this corporation of their own free gift bestowed 

«i No correct translation of the charter been placed incorrectly, 
has been printed : and the names have 



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NOTICES OF HASTINGS. 101 

on him £5, viz. : £3 10s. fipom this town, from Pevensey 20s., 
and from Seaford 10s., in regard of his service and pains in par- 
liament, and in fall payment for all fees and riding charges, 
by him disbursed : " And this the rather, for that he hath 
wholly referred himself to their good wills in this behalf, 
acknowledging that he ought not to have challenged any fee 
or wages tiierefor, but to have served gratis, &c., and of this, 
here present, he hath accepted."^ The diary of Thomas Lake^ 
bailiff to Yarmouth, in the year of the charter we have 
already printed," and after his death, on Sunday, 11th Oc- 
tober, 1606, the following appears in the margin of the cor- 
poration records.** " This man was captaine of one of ye 
shippes of ye portes under ye Earh of Essex^ at ye sacking 
of CaleSj where he foughte manfully with mony great Spanish 
shippes and galleyes to his great renowne. And that monu- 
ment hanging in the southe chancell of St. Clement's church 
he brought from thence out of one of ye Spanish shippes." The 
trophy has perished, but we preserve the record. Richard 
Calverky had been active in promoting the new harbour 
plan, and his family remained at Hellingly, whilst a park at 
Tunbridge Wells still preserves the name. Richard Francke 
was fourth son of John F., of Fairlight, by Joan d. and sole heir 
of John Mapwell, of Battle. James Lasher was captain of 
the trained band of the town in 1619, and M.P. in the fol- 
lowing year with Samuel Moore, who was elected on the 
nomination of the Lord Warden, though not a freeman, and 
unknown to the town.** John Lunsford was afterwards 
knighted, and was eldest son of John Lunsford, of East 
Hoathly, and descended on the female side from the Sack- 
villes, Trevors, and Pelhams. The exploits of his grandson. 
Sir Thomas L., have been noted in our last Vol. (p. 221). 

<* Corporation records. them by Mr. Eyersfleld, for this knight 
*' Suss: Arch: GoU: xii. p. 159. (Sir Thomas Parker) whenever reqaest- 
»« Vol. i. p. 116. ing it"Looal Bseardi, The last member 
^ Hastings did not invariably accept returned on the Lord Warden's nomina- 
this nomination, for in 1626, though tion for Hastings was Sir Dennis Ash- 
"the Lord Warden wrote a very kind bumham, who was named by James IL 
letter, entreating the election of Walter himself, when he held the Lord Warden- 
Montague, Esq., son to the Lord Presi- ship in his own hands ; the royal war- 
dent of the Council, yet the freemen rant being dated 18th March, 1684-5. 
refused him by means made to some of See Lam Magaaine^ No. 96, p. 63. 



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102 



NOTICES OF HASTINGS. 



And Richard Isted was of the family settled at Morehouse, 
in Mayfield, and was related to Thomas Hay, the mayor, 
whose wife was d. of John Baker of Battle, by Elizabeth d. 
of Richard Isted. Of the others we have no certain know- 
ledge. 

We give engravings of two merchants' marks found in 
this towne. 




Some 30 years after the charter was granted (6th May, 
1618-9), we have a return to Lord Zouch, Lord Warden, of 
the musters in the town,^ which gives us the list of able men 
in James I. time, and is worth printing in the^se days of 
volunteers (Artillery and Rifles), as a means of comparison 
after a lapse of two centuries and a quarter. 



TBAINED BAND. 



James Lasher, gent, Caplen. 
NathsDiel Lasher, Leiyetenant. 
Thomas Briane, Ensigne. 
Thomas Smyth \ o«,.„^„4„ 
KiohardKeet | S«««ant8. 



Melchior Bainolds, [town] Clarke. 

Sabb. Stevenson, droom. 

John Huit, fyfe. 

James Baoheller, surgeon. 

Captaine and Officers onlj. 



Ck)BSLETT8. 



John Bryant, with Richard Wythenis, 

Mayor's. 
George Oliver, with William Bishop's,*^ 

Jurate. 
William Burton, with Thomas Tounges, 

Jur. 
John Qrevett, with Jeremy Bricham's, 

Jur. 
Anthony Pretty, with Lawrence Pierse's,*^ 



Richard Partrioh, with Michaell Stunte's, 
Thomas Mannington, with Willm. Gold- 

ham*s. 
James Lowll, with John Bailey's. 

Henry Harwood, with Rawlin's. 

Richard Birchett, with Richard Porter's. 
Nicholas Reynoldes, with Ansel Nuttley's, 

gent 
Richard Amyat, with Thomas Bridgen's. 



^ Record Off. Dom. James L vol. 
107, art. ii. 

*7 William Byshop was one of the 
treasurers for the pier subscriptions in 
1597, and his son lent the town £20 
towards paying for the pier. 



*• Lawrence Piers was Lord of the 
Manors of Westfield and Gotely ; he died 
14th Dec., 1624, and was buried at West- 
field. His ancestor, John Piers, of West- 
field, was one of the owners of land 
above £20, 12th Henry VL 



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NOTICES OF HASTINGS. 



103 



Arthare Bread, with the Baid Lawrenoe 

Pierse*B. 
Bobert Lowen, with WUliam Parker's, 

Clarke. 
James Knight, with Edward Bennettes, 

Clarke. 



William Gallop, with the said Bridgen's. 
Thomas Shaw, with Thomas Briant's, 

gent. 
Thomas Fuller, with his owne. 
William White, with WUliam Isted*s. 



ConletU famished 20. 



CuBETTS CCoiraases). 



Bychard Wjther's, Mayor. 
Martin Lyfe, Jurate. 
William Byshope, Jurate. 
Lawrence Peirse, Esq. 
William Parker, Clarke. 
James Bachellor. 



Thomas Chowll. 
George Chambers. 
Frances Wenham. 
Biohard Baker. 



Bichard Waller, Jurate. 
Jeremy Briham, Jurate. 
John Bailey. 
Thomas Barlow. 

Ouirauesfor z. 



Dbt Pikes. 

G^rge Smyth. 
Thomas Buck. 
Anthony Jarrett 
Nicholas Foster. 



William Taylor, hush. 
John Gryffin. 

Dry Pikes furnished 10. 



MUSKETTS. 



Thomas Tyherst, with Mr. Mayor's. 
Bichard Christfer, with Mr. Mayor's. 
Bichard Gerey, with James Lasher's, 

Capten. 
James Shingleton, with Martin Lyfe's, 

Jur. 
Abraham Mannington, with William 

Byshop's, Jur. 
Henry DowH, with Thomas Yonnges, 

JTur. 
James Hunt, with Bichard Waller's, Jur. 
George Clapham, with Mr. Waller's. 
William Grevett, with Jeremy Briham's, 

Jur. 
John Love, with Bichard Boy's, Jur. 



Bepjamyn Brooke, with Mr. Boy's. 
Harbert Pelham," gent., with his father's. 
(}eorge Easton, with Lawrence Peirse's.* 
Geoi^ Freham, with Mr. Pierse's, 
Edward Harman, with Nicholas Lopdell's. 
Owen Freeman, with Nathaniel Lasher's. 
Michael Lasher's, with his mother's, widow. 
Thomas Dyer, with Jonas Burdocke's. 
William Young, with John Barley's. 
George Porter, with Bichard Porter's. 
John StapluB, with Ansel Nateley*s, gent. 
Tho. Stevenson, Senr. with widdow Sole's. 
James Knight, with widdow Lunsford's. 
Dooegood Fuller, with Thomas Fuller's. 
Thomas Pilcher, with widdow Michell's. 



Thomas Wynter. 
Bichard Staplus. 
Mathew Bolfe. 
Bichard Atherall. 
Edward Btace. 
Nicholas Staplus. 
John Gerey. 
William Turpin. 
George Wattle, gent 
John Olive. 
James Long. 
James Shusmyth. 



WITH THEIB OWir. 

John Bygate.«« 
Steven Taylor. 
Martin Brabon. 
Thomas Gregory. 
Thomas Streat 
Bichard Peck. 
George Fletcher. 
William Barker. 
William liovell. 
Bichard Downe. 
Michaell Stunt 
John Fyssenden. 



John Luck. 
Bichard Keet. 
William Goldhan. 
Thomas Gerey. 
Thomas Smyth. 
Thomas Couchman. 
John Tamplyn. 
Humfry Blinkeme. 
Henry Lasher. 
John Bandall. 

Muskettes 59. 



*» See post 

^ Estate sequestered for marine of- 



fence. Vide Boyalist Composition Papers, 
vol. 63. 



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104 



NOTICES OF HASTINGS. 



GENEBAL BAND. 
The names of the rare or general band within the said towne oertifyed aa aforesaid , 



Ansel Nately, gent, Gotten. 
Bjchard Stolyon, Lewetenaunt. 
Richard Wheeler, Ensigne. 
Marke Sergeant, and Willm Lovell, 
Saijeants. 



Thomas Beinolds [town] olarke. 
Thomas Streat, Droom. 

Ostpteine and officers, 6. 



OORBLETTS. 



Thomas Palmer, with his owne. 
John Venables, with John Baylye*s. 



Bichard French, with Thomas Gawen's. 
CbnletUt for 8. 



With their owne, Bobert Milles. 
Bichard Porter. 



CUBETTS. 

John Harrys. 

John Crabb, with Tho. Fuller*g. 

Oidnuseg^, 

DRT PTKES. 



John Howlett 
Henry Boeam 
Paul Standbynorth 
Bichard Hyde 
John Hyde 
Bichard Penvokle 
John Huswyfe 
Christofer Salter 
Bobert Bayly 
John Austin 
Marke White 
Daniell DanieU 
Bobert Palmer 
John Boys 



Thomas Brabon 
Thomas Stryde 
Mark Saigeani, sen. 
Peter Wlfickfeild 
John Bailey, sen. 
Thomas Wood, sailer 
John S^Lrgeant, sen. 
Willm Seale ats Gynner 
John Fawtley 
Bobert Sargeant 
Geflfrey Gawen 
John Bayly, jmi. 
Thomas Wood, brewer 
Bobert White 
John Woodford, cal. 



John Perigo 
Bobert Wright 
Edward Sparrow 
John Bosam 
Christofer Bosam 
Thomas Winckfeild 
Edward Palmer 
Thomas Wright 
Edward White 
John Sargeant, jun. 
Thomas Bowes 
William Dighton 
Henry Barham 
Bobert Bremden 

XUSKETTB. 

Thomas Kitchin 

Bichard Barry 

Thomas Palmer, sen. 

Thomas Wales 

William Chapman 

John Coombes 

Dan Laoy Christofer StreaterWilliam Philip 



William Beynold 
John Norrys 
Samuel Gawen 
Bobert BaU 
James Chowll 
John Coombes 
John Whelpdale 
Thomas Elmes 
John Wood 
Bobert Puntee 
John Philip 
William Taylor, saQer 
John EUys 



John Michell 
Nicholas Danyell 
Marke Philip 
Thomas Chiwen 
Marke Luckett, sen. 
James Fumer 



Bobert Philip 
Bichard Wheeler 
Willm Gawen, Jun. 
James Wright 
John Ball 
John Aynett 
Marke Sargeant, jun. 
John Lovell, cal ; 



Jtfuthetti famished, 48 ; QdUfers, 3. 



Peter Standbynorth 
John Chowll 
John Meadow, jun. 
John Barry 
Marke Luckett, jun. 
Edward Sargeant 
John Sparrow 
Marke Barry, cal 



HALBEBT8, BILLS, HEAD PIECES, ft SCULLS. 



Steven Duk, hal. 
Thom Haynes, hal. 
John Bandall, hal. 
Tho Downey, bil. 
John Joye 
Christopher Joye 



Tho Stapley, hal, 
John Michell, jun., hal. 
John Gibbons, bill 
John Coosens 
John Pucksted 
Henry Chepman 



Willm Gawen, hal. 
Peter Grover, bill 
John Lucket, bill 
Bobt Lovell 
Willm Aperley 
Bichard Hayles 



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NOTICES OF HASTINGS, 



105 



WilliftinFawtley 
Eraamns Barges 
John Furner 
Simon Boys 
John Shaw 
Ctttbert Chambers 
Peter Bourne 
Hichaell Wright 
William Alesbury 
Henrr Goombes 
Edward Bartholomew 
Thomas Lockett 
Andrew Robins 
Christofer Fawtley 
Henry Stevens 
John Franckwell, sen. 
Bichard Dyer 
WUliam White 
Hamft'y Barrett 
John Burt 
George Whyting 
William Norwey 
John Gallop 



Thomas Rowland 
Rafe Mills 
James Birohett 
John Tampsett 
Mathew Moore 
John White 
Edward White 
Robt Philip 
John Mabb 
Simon Browne 
Robert Chepman 
Robert Arthure 
Tho Bradwey 
Tho Stedman 
John Franckwell, jun. 
Tho Palmer, jun. 
John Myllward 
Richard Holmes 
Anthony Mydwen 
William Black 
John Bartholomew 
Tho Wattle 
Tho Staker, hal. 



John Pretty 
John Virgo 
John Baker 
Richd Coosens 
Steven Bourne 
Robert Scott 
Henry Andrewes 
Henry Lovell 
James Bosam 
Mark Wright 
Rich : Chambers 
William Stace 
Christofer Marfoot 
Willm Bound 
Tho Stevenson jun. 
Tho Day 

Tho Scale als Gynner 
Richard White 

Andrew ce 

Jeremy Syms 
John Wheeler 
John Stevens 



BiObertes ^ Hedpeeees, Bills and SouUs, 87. 

Provision of Powder, Match, Lead, &o. — Gunne powder, 12 cwt weight ; Match 
2501b. ; Lead and Bulletts, 12 cwt. 

GABBIAOES. 

Richard Waller, jun., one teame; Tho Young, jun., one teame; Willm 
Tkyler, one teame ; James Turner, one teame ; Edw Sheather, one teame. 

The following extract from the local records is worth pre- 
serving, as showing the privileges of a broken down freeman 
of one port, and the mode in which the poor were licensed to 
collect alms among the ( inque Ports, two ancient towns 
and their members, for their own sustenance, before the Poor 
Law Act of Elizabeth. " Whereas this towne of Hasting, one 
of the Cinque Ports, hath byn of long tyme surcharged with 
many and ympotent and diseased poore people unable to 
labor; and deprived of all other meanes to live but only by 
devocion and almes of others; who daily do increase to the 
insupportable charge of this poore towne as not being able 
to minister to so many. In the nomber of whome this poore 
man, Richard Batop, the bearer hereof, being one; forasmuch 
as he being now old is become ympotent, decried in his 
sight, weake and lame of his lyms, and now no longer able to 
labor for his living as heretofore he hath painfully and 
honestly indevoured to doe, to his utter ympoverishment and 

xrv. p 



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106 NOTICES OF HASTINGS. 

undoing: We therefore the maioir and jurates of Hasting 
have thought mete to lycense the said Rich. Batop to aske 
gather and receive the charitable devocion and almes of well 
disposed people within the Cinq Ports, two auncyent townes 
Rye and Winchelsea, and their members, for one whoU yere 
now next insuing to indure : praying you and every of you 
to whom in this behalf it shall or may apperteine quietly to 
permit and suffer him so to doe within your several precincts 
and liberties (so as he use and behave himself honestly and 
decently) mynistering unto him your favourable aide and 
assistance, in your churches and elswhere, even as wee doe 
and are alwaes reddy to performe towards such as resort in 
lik manner from you unto us. Given under the scale of 
office of maioralty of Hastings this first daie of December 
in the 38th year of the reigne of our sovaraigne Lady Queene 
Elizabeth &c 1598. 
To all Maiors Bailifs and other her majesties 

officers and ministers within the Cinq Ports, 

and the two auncyent Townes Rye and 

Winchelsea, and their members." 

Very few of the old houses remain. All the Cinque Ports, 
with their members, were included in the Act of 33 Henry 
viii, c 36 (1541), for causing the owners of ground in certain 
towns where good houses had stood, which had fallen down, 
decayed, and remained "unre-edified," to rebuild their houses 
within two years after proclamation. We have seen that part 
of the chantry houses, which had been built of stone, slate 
and tile, had gone to decay : it was not, however, till 28th 
June, 1618, that thatching was prohibited, and it was ordered 
that thenceforth " no person shall thatch any new building 
within the precinct of this towne, but all such new buildings 
shall be ceiled with tile, stone, or slatt, upon pain of £10 
to be forfeited by the owner of the building, to be recovered 
by action of debt before the mayor and jurats ; and wherein 
no wager of law shall be allowed f and as a brick tenement 
in Winding Lane is particularly mentioned in 1645 and 
1656, it would seem that the use of brick was even then 
unusual. 



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rOBMERLT AT EASTEKN ENTRANCE OF TOWN. 



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FXLHAM HOUSE, HIGH STREET. 



MRS. SHOYELL^ HOUSE, ALL SAINTS' STREET. 



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NOTICES OP HASTINGS. 107 

We give an engraving of the largest of the old houses, which 
was situate in High Street, and was standing in 1815, when 
a sketch was taken by Mr. Prout, for the use of which the 
society is indebted to the kindness of John Pitman Shorter, 
Esq. 

The oldest house still standing in the town, and having a 
date, is situated about the middle of the north-west side of 
the same street. It has the date of 1610, and the Pelham 
buckle. Edward Pelham was M.P. for the town in 1597, 
and Edmund Pelham resided here.^^ He was admitted of 
Gray's Inn in 1563, called to the bar 24th Nov., 1579, was 
autumn reader 1588, second Lent reader 1601, Serjeant in 
the same year, knighted and made Lord Chief Baron of the 
the Exchequer in Ireland, and died 4th July, 1606. His 
son Herbert, who was of Michelham Priory, was admitted 
student of Gray's Inn 18th August, 1588, but does not seem 
to have been called to the bar. It was his only son Herbert 
who bore his father's arms in the Hastings muster roll of 1619. 
He was bom in 1601, and went to Massachusetts in 1638 ; he 
was a magistrate there in 1645, and was first treasurer of 
Harvard College; he returned to England in 1649, and died 
1673.*'* It was the house of this branch of the Pelhams, the 
sketch of which, made by Mr. Thomas Ross, Jun., wiU be 
equally interesting in New England as to ourselves. 

The street now called Hill Street was formerly known as 
the CoBNHiLL, and being near the western side of St. 
Clement's church-yard, was on the usual site of market 
places. When the town drainage caused excavations to be 
made, large quantities of ox and sheep bones were found, indi- 
cating that this also was the site of the town shambles, 
and what in the Chantry return is described as the Butchery. 
At the east comer of Hill street formerly stood one of those 



^> He was committed to the Fleet by ing at Winchelsea, within the liberty of 

the Ck>UDoil, on 2oth April, 1582, for the Cinque Ports. — MurdinU State 

" boldness and offence,*' in defending Papers^ p. 871. 

before the Council the disallowed claim ^^ Records of Gray's Inn : Ortton 

of his kinsman, Herbert Pelham, to be Maiher^ and Oovemar Bradford^* Jowr* 

exempted from serving the office of sheriff na/. 
of Sussex, because he was then inhabit- 



p 2 

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108 NOTICES OF HASTINGS. 

houses, constructed largely of wood, for which Hastings was 
noted : it was known as Salmon's house. 



Passing to the East of All Saints* parish, is the spot called 
St. George's, of which no record has yet been printed. We 
find, however, in the proceedings in chancery, temp. Elizabeth, 
in a bill filed 25th June, 1579, that Thomas Lane, of Hel- 
lingly, yeoman, died seized of one messuage named St. 
George's, and lands and tenements containing 60a., called 
St. George's Hill, in the port of Hastings, worth £20 a year, 
as well as Longlands and Tickers in this town, and by his 
will, dated 12th April, 1562, entailed the wholie, aft^r the 
death of his wife, Alice, on his sons Richard, Thomas, and 
William, successively, and that James Hobson, who has 
already been mentioned in the subsidy of 1544, and as pur- 
chaser of the Cliffe Lands, was the Trustee. For these St. 
George's Hills and for Besbridge's, Mr. Rainolds, in 1656, 
paid 9s. a year. The land would seem to have decreased in 
quantity owing to the fall of the cliff into the sea. 

Other old houses are standing in All Saints street, of 
which we also give engravings. The first is from a drawing 
by the late John G. Shorter, Esq. The second is of historical 
interest, since it was the residence of the mother of Admiral 



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IN ALL SAINTS' STREET. 



IN ALL SAINTS' STREET. 



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NOTICES OF HASTINGS. 109 

Sir Cloudesley Shovel. It has been assumed that this 
gallant man, 

From humble, but from honest parents sprung, 

was a native of Hastings, and the name of Shovell fields 
points to the existence of a family so called. The Admiral 
was, however, born at Cockthorpe, near Clay, in Norfolk.^ 
The mother's house was last occupied by Susan Hobden; 
it was partly pulled down in 1838; and No. 117, All Saints 
street occupies the site. In a consolatory letter to the 
Admiral's widow, by Gilbert Crockatt, it is stated that his 
mother was still alive and enjoyed " no contemptible compe- 
tency," which "being, by her son redeemed from some incum- 
brances, was by his natural affection continued entire to her." 
She resided here*; and in De la Pryme's diary ^ we have the 
following notice of the son's visit to her here: — He was 
employed in turning tarpauling, and from thence getting 
acquainted with the sea, he grew up to what he now is. I 
heard a gentleman say, who was in the ship with him about 
six years ago, that as they were sailing over against the town 
of Hastings,^ in Sussex, Sir Cloudesley called out, "Pilot, 
put near; I have a little business on shore." So he put near, 
and Sir Cloudesley and this gentleman went to shore in a 
small boat, and having walked about half a mile Sir Cloudes- 
ley came to a little house. " Come,- ' says he, " my business 
is here ; I came on purpose to see the good woman of this 
house." Upon this they knocked at the door, and out came 
a poor old woman, upon which Sir Cloudesley kissed her, 
and then falling down on his knees, begged her blessing, and 
calling her mother (who had removed out of Yorkshire 
hither). He was mightily kind to her, and she to him, and 
after that he had made his visit, he left her ten guineas, and 
took his leave with tears in his eyes, and departed to his 
ship. And in a funeral poem it is said — 

Such thy beginning, such thy glorious rise, 
Unknown to the delusive baits of vice ; 
Foreign to what from foreigners we took, 
The chart thy tutor^ and the saiU thy hook ; 
Pitch, the Pulvilf perfum'd thy scented hair, 
Tarpaulin the temptation for the £air. 

<> Notes and Queries, 1st series, xi., ^* Quoted in Hunter's South Tork- 

p. 184; xii., p. 134 and 395; Secret Me- shire, vol. i., p. 179. 
moirs of his Life, 1708. 



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110 NOTICES OP HASTINGS. 

The corporation books show that a person named Cloudes- 
ley occupied a house in All Saints Street in 1590; it is pro- 
bable therefore that this was a relative of the mother, jrfter 
whom, as Aikin states, the Admiral was named; and that 
the property in All Saints Street came to her, and was freed 
from mortgage by her son. Sir Cloudesley's daughter and 
coheir Elizabeth married Lord Romney. 

After the loss of the pier and the decay of the haven, the 
houses westward of, the west fort began to be erected ; one 
of these which stood in George Street, at first called 
Suburb Street, was known as Mrs. Boadles' and bore the 
date of 1657. 



In the corporation records it appears, that in 1674 the 
place for making and working ropes was from the west fort 
towards the Priory, under the Castle Cliflfe ; and in February 
1657 it was ordered, under a fine of £20, that thenceforth 
no ships, barks, or other vessels should be built except be- 
yond the west fort, under the Castle Cliflfe, and the waste 
beach towards the Priory. In this spot the ship building 
continued till within the last few years. 

Passing still further west, we come to Gensing, Yielding, 
FiLSHAM, and St. Mary Bulverhithe. To Fairlight, east- 
ward, and to Pepsham, Bulverhithe and Bexhill, westward, 
the Hue and Cry used to be carried. 



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NOTICES OF HASTINGS. Ill 

The manor of Gensing, as we have seen, has lands in St. 
Margaret, as it has also in St. Clement, St. Leonard, and 
HoUington. The first notice we have of it is in 1319, (13 
Edw. II.) when John of Brittany, Earl of Richmond, died, 
seized of one fourth part of a knight's fee here. 

It was subsequently held by a family bearing the same 
name, and had been Gilbert de G^nsynges, and held by half 
a knight's fee. On 30th November, 1436, (15 Hen. VI.) 
the first court of John Grodfrey was held, and at the court 
held 1st November, 1458, a distraint was made on the 
parson of the church or chapel of St. Leonard near Hasting.^ 
In the reign of Edward IV., Henry Halle was Lord. In 1597, 
the name of Thomas Eversfield appears as owner of several 
tenements. On 4th October, 1604, the court of John Tilt 
was held, and on 10th December, 1613, Nicholas Eversfield 
held his first court, and in his descendants the manor still 
is.«^ 

The manor of Yielding also extends into St. Clement. 
This manor was no doubt also held by a family of the name 
who held other property in the rape down to the restoration. 
Subsequently it was owned, together with the Grove in HoUing- 
ton, by the Levels. John Levet®'^ died in 1534, having enfeoffed 
Giles Fynes and others of this manor, for the benefit of his 
son,* and they held the court on 1st June, 1534 : but on 11th 
September, 1548, his son John was seized.^ He died, leaving 
his son Laurence under age, and the court was held on 30th 
May, 1656, by his guardian, Laurence Ashbumham, who 
married Eva or Joan, the widow of his father.^® On coming 
of age, Laurence Levitt, on 16th June, 1565, levied a fine 
of this property, and on his death s. p., on 16th January, 
1585, the estate came to his sister, Mary,^* who on 26th 
January, 1586, married Thomas Eversfield, Esq., of Uckfield; 
and their descendant is now the Lord. 



^ On the pieBentation in 1648 it is ^ Our thanks are due to Mr. Toung, 

oalled the free ofaapel of St Leonard, in for the extracts from Court Bolls, 

the parish of HoUington. ^o g^e was daughter of Riohard 

^ Ex. inf. W. B. Young, Esq., and Adams, and sister and heiress of Stephen 

John Phillips, Esq. Adams, of Harrietsham, Kent 

^ Inq. p. m., 27 Hen. IIL ''* Proo. in Chancery, temp. Eliz. 

<• See ante, p. 81. E. o. 8. 



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112 NOTICES OF HASTINGS. 

The earliest notice of Filsham is in 1280, (8 Edw. I) 
when the manor was, with other possessions, of the honor of 
Richmond in the King's lands. John of Brittany, Earl of 
Richmond, granted to Sir Bertram Monboucher, Knight, 
and Johanna his wife, the manors of Hamerden^* and Filsham, 
and all his lands in Corley^* and Croteslyve,^* in tail male by 
the service of a pair of golden spurs and foreign service ; which 
grant was confirmed by the kings patent,*^* 18th July, 4 Edw. 
II. (1310) ; the witnesses were William de Echingham, John 
de Echingham, Henry de Wardedeu, John de St. Leger, 
Robert de Passelegh, Knt., Edward de Passelegh, John 
Filliol, John de Codying, and many others. But on the 
death of the grantee it was seized into the king's hands, as 
the patent was contrary to the Statute, " Quiaemptores terra- 
rum" (18 Ewd. I.) Reginald, the son and heir, who was, in 
1332, seventeen years old, was permitted to resume the pro- 
perty, and in 12th Rich. II. (1389), when Bertram his son, died, 
there were besides the manor 100' of land, 200* of pasture, 
5' of wood, 8' of meadow, and £7 Is. 8d. rents of assize." 
The estate remained in this family, and in (5 Henry V,) 
Bertram Monboucher held one moiety, and Isabella the wife 
of Robert Harbottle held the other : she was his heiress-at- 
law, and on his death s. p. in 1426, the whole estate came to 
her. She died the next year : and in 1462, Bertram Har- 
bottle, her grand-son, died seized leaving Ralph his son and 
heir; who settled the Sussex property" by a conveyance to 
George Lord Fitzhugh and others as trustees in favor of his 
son Guichard or Wichard, when he married Johanna, daughter 
of Sir Henry Willoughby. In the inquisition taken 31st March, 
1517, (8 Hen. VIII.), Guichard was found to have died in the 
September preceding, leaving George his son and heir, then 
aged 9 years,^® and he died s. p. in 1528 : when as, Leland 
states,^^ the Harbottle's descent ended in his sisters, the two 

w In Tioehunt. w jnq.^ p nj., No. 36. 

" Or Morley, it ib in Ewhuret, Brede, "" Inq. 6 Edw. III., No. 78; 8 Edw 

Sedlescombe, Beokley, Peasmarah, and HI., No. 70; and Rot. Claus; 8 Edw. 

Northiam. III., m. 8. 

'* In Guestling, Icklesham, Beckley, t» jnq.^ p^ na.^ 1517 and 1628. 

St. Michael Hastings, and HoUington. ^^ Leland's Iter, 118. 

7* Rot pat, part 1, m. 23. 



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NOTICES OP HASTINGS. 



113 



daughters of Guichard Harbottle; one of whom, Eleanor, 
married Sir Thos. Percy, who was executed for High 
Treason, 29 Hen. VIII., and the other, Maria, was married 
to Sir Edward Fitton, of Gawsworth, Cheshire.*^ 

Sir Bertram MoNBOUCHER,BispJoHAinrA, d. of Ouischard or 
ob. 6 £dw. IIL I Wychard de Charon: remar. 

r 1 Richard Willoughby. 

Reginald Monbonoher. sa 

Bertram Monbonoher, sf= ChriBtiana, d. of 



Bertram Mouboocher,: 
ob. 1, H. IV. 



jjOTcram jaonooucner, sf= unnsnana, a. oi 
ob. 12, Rich. II. Richard de Akton. 

r — : — •: — ' r^ . 



^EUjsabeth: 

she rem. 

Thos, 

Holder. 



Isabella, spRobert Harbotell. 
ob.5,Hen.yL 

mar. Ist 
SirHy.Heton. 



Bertram M., 

ob. 6 Feb., 1415, 

(2H. V. 






Robert HarbotelV 

ob. 1448. 

(26 H. VL) 



T 



Bertram M., 

ob. 15 June, 1426, 

(4 H. VL) 

S. P. 



Bertram Harbotell,« 

ob. 1462. 

(2 Edw. IV.) 



Ralph Harbotell,- 
89t 9, 1462. 



5-J 

Wychard Harbotell, ep Johanna, d. of 
Henry Willongby, 



of Horton, co. 
Korthumberland, 
ob. 9 Sept., 1518. 

(5 H. VIIL)« 



ofWollaton, 

Knight, ob. in life 

of husband. 



George Harbotell, 

let 9 in 1518, ob. 20 

Jan. 1528. 

8. P.« 



Eleanora, co-heir 

8Bt 23 in 1528, 

mar. Sir Thos. Percy,** 

executed for high treason 1587, 

she remar. Richard Holland, 

of Denton, co. Northumberland. 



Maria, co-heir, sBt 21 

in 1528, and then mar. to 

Sir Edw. Fitton, 

of QawBworth, 

00. Chester.** 



The MoNBOUCHER*8 arms were— ar. 8 fusils in fesse go. within a border sa. 
besantee. 
The Harbottle*s were— or. 8 eaoallops gu. 

During the times of the Monbouchers or Harbottles, an 



» Onnerod*s Cheshire, vol. ill., p. 292. 

** M.S.S. Col. arms Vincent, 61, p. 
140, 195 ; ^'0ttSy 171 ; B 2, p. 298 b. 

*> Inq. taken at Robertsbridge, 80th 
March, 1517, JSoeehr, Records, 

XIV. 



^ loq. taken at Hastings, 29 Oct, 
1628, lb, 

^ Their son was created Earl of Nor- 
thumberland. 

** For pedigree see Ormerod'a Che- 
shire, iii., p. 292. 

Q 



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114 



NOTICES OF HASTINGS. 



endowment for the Collie of Hastings was made out of this 
manor, for the rents issuing out of Filsham, and payable to 
the CJollege, were granted"^ on 1st January, 1647, to Anthony 
Brown*' and Elizabeth his wife. 

Thomas Percjr is stated to have saved the forfeiture of 
much of his estates by a feoffment made prior to his treason : and 
at any rate Lady Fitton held this estate. It then passed to 
the Eandolphs. Barnard Randolph died seized 7th August., 
1583, and his son John having died in his life time, he was 
succeeded by his grand-son, Herbert R., aged only 4 years : 
It was by indenture made 1st June, 1603, between Herbert 
Randolph of the one part, and AnUiony Shirley of Preston, of 
the other part— Filsham, Hamerden^ Morley, and Cortesly, 
were settl^ on the intended marriage, which took place at 
Preston, of Judith, the second d. of A. S. with H. Randolph, 
Filsham was then held of the King as of the Honor of Rich- 
mond, by the 29th part of a knight's fee, and was worth £4 
a year. Herbert Randolph lived only a few months after 
his marriage, and on his death, on 9th April, 1604, his 
sister Judi^ aged 26 years, the wife of Anthony Apsley, of 
Ticehurst, was found to be his heir."® 



JONE, d. of < 

Fuller, 

wo. of Harrys, 
of London, 
haberdasher. 



BARKAKD BAin)OLPB|** = 
ob. 7 Aug., 1588. 



John Bandolph, ep Isabel!, d. of 



died 1588, vit pat 



John Lunsford, 
of Sussex. 



Herbert Bandolph,=»Hrudith, 



ob. S.P. 
9 April, 1604. 

83t25. 



d. of 
Anthony 
Shirley, 
of Preston: 
she rem. 
Sir Henry 
Mallory. 



Barnard 

Bandolph, 

ob. S.P. 



AOKIES, d. of 
TyboU of Kent. 
No issue. 



Judith Bandolph, 

mar. Launoelott Batherst, 

of London. 



Judith Bandolph, s 
Kt 26 in 1604. 



> Anthony Apsley, 
of Ticehurst** 



•• Rot pat 88, H. VIII., pt 13. 

^ On 20th June, 1541, the rectories 
of St Clement and All Saints had been 
granted to him. 

^ Inq. taken at Bast Qrinstead, 28 
Aug., 1604, 2 James, pt 1, Na 71. 



•• Funeral certificate, 1. 10, p. 44. 

M In the subsidies of 1623 and 1628, 
Anthony Apsley was rated in the hun- 
dred of Sboyswell, i. e. Ticehurst parish 
for lands worth £5 a year. 



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NOTICES OF HASTINGS. 115 

Very soon afterwards the estate was in the hands of the 
crown, and on 2nd December, 1614, the king in considera- 
tion of £120 granted^* to John Morley, of Glynde, Esq., and 
John Baker of the Inner Temple, gentleman, and their heirs, 
the manors of Hamden and Filsham, otherwise Felisham, and 
all lands known by the name of Morley and Cortesle, and all 
lands in the hamlets of Tisehurst, Hollington, St. Leonards, 
and Westfield, to hold in as free and ample a manner as under 
the original grant to Sir Bertram Monbocher and Johanna 
his wife. The grantees were probably trustees only, for in 
1641, Giles Garton, of Woolavington, was owner, and on 23 
September, 1651, Mary, his only surviving daughter and 
heir, had succeeded ; and she carried it, on her marriage to 
John Weekes of Westfield ; their son rebuilt the house, the 
initials and date are over the door, I. W., 1682: on his 
death his property passed to his three surviving daughters and 
coheiresses, Mary, the wife of Henry Lawton ; Elizabeth, the 
wife of John Bromfield ; and Jane, the wife of Edward Cooper, 
of Strood near Horsham. 

The Bromfields took Filsham. They were originally of 
Hford, Essex. Thomas B. of that place had a son Thomas B., 
b. 2 July, 1610, who died seized of the manor of XJdimore. 
He had three sons, 1st, John who had a grant of Brede and 
Ewhurst in 1616, and whose son, Thomas B., b. 2 July, 1610, 
and ob. 12 September, 1690, is buried in St. Clements, 
Hastings, and was grand-father of John B., who married 
Elizabeth Weekes: 2nd, Robert; and 3rd, Sir Edward B., 
citizen and fishmonger. Sheriff of London in 1626, and Lord 
Mayor in 1637, whose eldest son was in 1660 created a 
baronet.^ 

After the death of John Bromfield in 1792, this estate was 
purchased by Wastel Brisco, Esq. 



•< Rot put. 12 James. ^* See also Aungier's Hist, of Isle- 

woith. 

Q 2 

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116 



NOTICES OF HASTINGS. 



Thomas Weekes, «?= 
of Weetfield, 1544. | 



Thomas Weekes, 
Bailiff of HaatingB 
1661, oh. 10 Nov., 1568. 
Brass in St Clement*s. 



EUxabeik Weekes, 
only chilcL 



I 



Margery. John Weekes, «t= Elizabeth Wade, 



of Westfield. 



of Bilston, Suffolk, 

sister of Edward 

Wade, of Ferriog, 

Sussex. 



John Weekes, of ^ Elisabeth, wo. of 
Westfield, and the John Plummer, 
Friars, Winchelsea. of Winchelsea, 
I ob. 28 Sept, 1679. 



John Weekes,*^ Mary, d. and Mary Weekes. 

of Westfield, h. of Giles 

ob. 7 July, 1680. Garton. 



John Weekes, < 

of Westfield, 

Lord of Fil- 

Bhain,ob.l702. 



! Mary, d. of Thomas 
Gilbert, of East- 
bourne, ob. 28 
Aug., 1705. M.L 
at E.B. 



Elizabeth, 
m. Samuel 
Hyland, of 
Bodiam, 26 
April, 1681. 



Thomas Weekes, sp 

of Ewhurst,** 
bu. 9 Jany., 1717. 



Anne, 

bu. 8 Feby., 

1747. 



Thomas Weeke8B|»Mary. 



William, 

b^. 25 

April, 

1693. 



Mairy, «pWilliam 
bap. 28 ~ 
Jany., 
1697. 



Anne, 
Cooper, bap. 21 
of Ickles- July, 
ham.w 1700. 



Ma[ry, Elisabeth,' 
mar. ob. 6 Nov., 
Henry 1784, est 42. 
Lawton. M.L 



I John Bromfield, 

of Udimore, ob. 

80 June, 1785, 

set 52. M.L 

Chiddingly. 



Susanna. 



Jane, • 
mar. at 
Eastbourne 
81 Mar., 
1714. 



Edward Cooper, 

of Strood, bap. 

10 April, 1694, 

ob. 21 July, 

1725. 



John Bromfield, 

ob. 80 Jan., 1792, 

set 65 ; bur. at 

Chiddingly. 



Elizabeth, 

ob. Jan., 1790, 

sat 62 ; bur. at 

St Anne*s, Lewes. 



Mary Cooper, 
bap. 6 and ob. 
11 Jan., 1715. 



The Weekes bore the arms of Wade, of London and Bilston, Suffolk,^ viz.,- 
on a saltier or. betw. four fleurs-de-lis or, five escallops az. Orut, a talbot 
passant ar. — (Seal among Jeake's MJS.S.) 

The arms of Bbomfield are— az., a lion passant or. Owt, a lion statant or. on a 
mount vert wreathed or and az. 



M Bunell M.8.S., 5679, p. 888. YlsU 
talion Sussex, 1684, a 27, fol. 74 b, for 
WADE. In the subsidy of 1528 John 
Weeks was rated in Bexhill for £4 in 
goods: and in 1544 Thomas Weekes, 
Sen., and Jun., in the hundred of Gas- 
trow (Udimore and Brede); in the sub- 
sidy of 1621 Thomas Weekes and John 
Weekes were rated in Baldslow (West- 
field), and William Weekes in Nether- 
field hundred; and in the subsidy of 
1628 John Weekes was rated for the 



lands in Baldslow, and Biohard Weekes 
for lands in Bexhill and Ninfield. 

^ Ewhurst registers. 

^ See ante, p. 82, for rating to sub- 
sidy of 1544. In the subsidy of 1621 
William Cooper was rated for lands in 
Guestling hundred (Icklesham), and in 
1628 William Cooper and John Cooper 
were also rated for lands there, 

M Camden's, grant to William Wade, 
8 Nov., 1604, 



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NOTICES OF HASTINGS. 117 

The district of Bulverhithe is almost depopulated. 
Solver or Bulver is one of the war titles of Odin: and 
it is the name also borne by one of the most famous of 
the Scandinavian Scalds, or warrior bards. 

The prebendary of St. Mary, Bolewarheth (Bulverhide), 
which is a member of Hastings, formed part of the posses- 
sions of the Earls of Eu, which were in the hands of John, 
who presented Daniel, son of Richard Clerk, to this church ^ 
on 4th June, 1212. The church had been built by the Earls 
of Eu, and was originally Norman, with additions, as will be 
seen from the remains of a corbel and shaft, of Early English. 
The earliest mention of it in the local records is a return 
tinder the seal of the BailiflF, in 1372, of places of worship, 
and there it is called St. Mary the Virgin. The building 
has been ruins for centuries. 



^ 



In an excavation made last year by Mr. T. Ross, with the 
permission of the Rev. S. B. Pigott, the ground plan could be 
traced, and by the heap of ruins, the tower seems to have 
stood longest, and to have fallen in one heap. The interior 
of the chancel was excavated to a depth of 6 feet, but 
nothing was found except some plain yellow paving tiles and 
the carved work. The tower, unlike the other portions of 
the Church, was faced with split flints of good workmanship. 
The groined roof of the belfrey had fallen almost entire, 
forming a mound 14 or 15 feet high; this was only partially 
excavated. The stone through which the bell rope passed 
was very much worn by the friction of the rope. The 
mouldings found among the debris appear to have belonged 



»' Rot. Lit. pat 



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118 



NOTICES OF HASTINGS. 



to the windows in the chancel. The piscina in the north, 
wall was very plain. The door jam was flush with the 
walls and without ornamentation. Within the niche was 
the groove which received the wooden or stone shelf serving 
the purpose of a credence-table, the bason is gone, but the 
drain pipe conveying the water away was about 4 inches 
from the wall and appeared to have no outlet.. The position 
of the piscina in the north wall proves an early date, and 
is not of frequent occurrence in this country. 

Length of the church within the walls, 101 ft.; length 
of nave, 57 ft. 8 in. ; width of ditto, 23 ft. 6 in. ; length of 
chancel, 25 ft. ; width of ditto, 17 ft. 9 in. ; the tower, 12 ft. 
6 in. square. 



cP 



4; 



^ 



3zz: 



I? 



JL 



GROUND PLAN. 



The district is under the corporation. In the chamber- 
lain's accounts 1652-3, the sum of 3s. 3d. was allowed to 
the grand jury for their drinking here; in 1656, Mr. 
John Eversfield paid to the corporation 5s. a year for 
lands at Bulverhide; and on 8th April, 1664, Thomas Ballard 
purchased of the corporation the public house, garden, and 
stable, subject to a free rent of Is., payable at Michaelmas 
and Lady day ; but the rent is not collected. 

In early days this place was of more importance. 
In the 13th century the port of Bulverhithe is especially 
named: and in an assembly holden on 22 September, 
1676, it was decreed that all " shallops and other outlandish 
vessels, which put into Bulverhide haven, or stretch a rope 
or line, and if any the maisters or men thereof doe come 
on shore wherever within the libertie of this towne, shall 
paie 12d. for everie vessell " to the pierwardens. 



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CONTRIBUTIONS TOWARDS A HISTORY OF 
EAST-BOURNE. 



By GEORGE F. CHAMBERS, Esq., F.R.G.S. 



It is not my object in the present memoir to furnish a 
description of East-Bourne in its modern character of a 
fashionable and frequented watering place, but rather to 
direct attention to its history and antiquities, so far as we 
can become acquainted with them from existing sources of 
information. 

For a considerable period of time, the town of East-Bourne 
has consisted of four subdivisions, known respectively as — 
1, East-Bourne (Proper); 2, Meads and Prentice Street; 
3, South-Bourne ; 4, Sea Houses. It will, however, be more 
convenient for me to ignore these distinctions, and to treat 
of the parish as a whole. 

The early history of East-Bourne^ is wholly unknown, but 
it is not unreasonable to suppose that it was formerly a place 
of some importance, when we consider the size of the church, 
as compared with the churches of the surrounding parishes. 
That there was a town of some kind existing here in the time 
of the Romans is, I think, highly probable ; indeed, by some 
it has been regarded as the site of the Roman settlement of 
Anderida. Its claims are well discussed in one of the nu- 
merous manuscripts presented to the British Museum. 

> The etymology is doubtful. Some East Bourne being situated near the 

think the name is derived from the eastern bo.undary of the South Downs, 

little himrnSj or stream, which rises near Similarly also West Bourn, a village in 

St Mary's Church, and flows thence to West Sussex. Utrumhorummavitaceipe, 
the sea : others from bourne^ a boundary, 



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120 HISTORY OF EASTBOXJBNE. 

The earliest certain reference to East-Bourne is to be met 
with in Domesday Book, compiled in 1085-6. The hundred of 
Borne is there stated to have been previously held by King 
Edward the Confessor; to have afforded one night's enter- 
tainment to the sovereign, and to have been valued at 46 
Hides. William I. granted it to the Earl of Morton, hy 
whom the annual value was augmented from 30 to 40 pounds.* 

We are also informed that one water-mill existed at Borne 
(East Bourne), and that it was held at a rental of 5s. per 
annum, from tiie Earl of Morton. 

The visit of King Edward XL to Bourne on Thursday, 
August 30th, 1324, on his way from Pevensey to Bishopstone, 
has already been described in these pages.' The presents 
made to the Royal table by the Prior of Wymondesley, co. 
Herts., were derived from the 400 acres possessed near 
Bourne by his Priory. Though plenty of mutton and beef 
seems to have been sent, it is remarkable that of fish, though 
at the seaside, we only find " one bream." 

In The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle^^ under the year 1114, we 
read : — 

" This year also the King (Henry L) gave the Archhishoprio of Ganterbary to 
Balph, Bishop of Rochester, and Thomas, Archbishop of York died, and the King's 
chaplain, Thurstan, succeeded him. At this time the king went towards the sea, 
and he would have gone over, but he was detained by the weather. In the mean- 
while be sent his writ to Emulf, Abbot of Peterborough, desiring him to come to 
him with speed, for that he would speak to him on something of importance. 
On Emulf 's arrival the king, and archbishop, and bishop, and the English 
nobility who attended the king, forced him to accept the bishopric of Eochester ; he 
withstood them long, but his resistance availed nothing. And the king commanded 
the archbishop to take him to Canterbury, and to consecrate him as bishop whether 
he would or not -This was done in the town cadled Bume on the 17th before the 
Kalends of October." 

A short comment on the above passage seems called for. 
Miss Gurney, in her translation of the Chronicle^ published in 
the year 1819, identifies " Burne" with the town of Sitting- 
bourne, on the northern coast of Kent. Dr. Ingram, in a 
note in his translation, published some years subsequently, 
says, " East-Bourne in Sussex, where the king was waiting 
for a fair wind to carry him over sea," is referred to. In 
this opinion I fully coincide; (1) because " Bume" was one 

* Burr. MSS,y B.M. Add. MSS., toL * The Anglo-Saam ChnmioU, edited 

5701, p. 7. by B. Thorpe, 8vo. London, 1861. 

» Suas, AroK OoU., vol. vi., p. 47. 



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HISTORY OF EASTBOURNE, 121 

of the early names of East-Boume; and (2) because it is 
most improbable that the king would desire to undertake a 
long sea, and to some extent dangerous, voyage from the 
mouth of the Thames to Normandy, whilst the passage across 
the English channel from Sussex, was only half the length. 
This surmise is strengthened by the fact, that soon after, on 
the 11th day before the Kalends of October, Henry sailed from 
Portsmouth. 

Some time subsequently to the assignment of the Manor of 
Borne to the Earl of Morton (but exactly when, is not 
known), it seems to have been separated into three or four 
portions, which, together with the chief lordship of the 
Hundred, was held by the Barons de Badlesmere, who, though 
chiefly resident in Kent, must have come occasionally to 
East-Boume, since, from the appropriation of the chancels 
and other circumstances, it has been thought that they built, 
or at any rate altered and improved the church. On the 
death of Giles, the last Baron de Badlesmere, in 12th 
Edward III. (1338), this property passed to his sister* 
Margery, wife of William, Baron de Boos, of Hamlake. 

In 7th Edward IV. (1467), Thomas, Baron de Boos was 
deprived of this manor, on account of his adherence to the 
Lancastrians, by the Eng, who gave it to John Tiptoft, Earl 
of Worcester, for Philippa, his wife, Edward's sister. 

Subsequently the manor was restored. 

Edmimd, Baron de Boos, djdng in 23rd Henry VII. (1508), 
the property passed to his sister, Eleanor, wife of Sir Eobert 
Manners, whose descendants became Barons de Boos in her 
right, and afterwards Earls and Dukes of Butland. Henry, 
2nd Earl of Kutland, and Margaret his wife, in 1st Philip 
and Mary (J1654), conveyed the three manors and the chief 
lordship to Jacob Burton, John Selwyn, and Thomas Gild- 
ridge, Esquires, and the chief lordship between them. 

Mr. Burton resided at East-Bourn (now Compton) Place. 

William Wilson, of Fletching, temp. Charles II., married 
Mary, daughter of Francis Haddon, of London, gent., grand- 
daughter ^ of Edward Burton, D.D., Eector of Broadwater, 
by whom it may be presumed the East-Boum-Burton 

* Mr. Turner says daughter. 8uu. ' Or step-daughter. Mr. Blenoowe. 
Arch. CdU., Yol. zii., p. 265. 8uu, Arch, (bU., voL zi. 

XIV. B 

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122 HISTORY OF EASTBOURNE. 

property passed, by sale, into the family of Wilson. The 
above William Wilson was a distinguished supporter of 
Charles IL, by whom in the 13th of his reign, he was 
created a baronet, by the title of WiUielmum Wilson de 
East Borne^ in comitatu Sussexioe^ armigerum^ virum^ fa- 
milia^ patrimonio censu^ et morum prohitate^ spectatum. At 
the beginning of the 18th century the East-Bourn Manor 
was sold by a Wilson to Spencer Compton, 2nd son of James, 
3rd Earl of Northampton, for some years Speaker of the 
House of Commons. Mr. Compton was subsequently created 
Earl of Wilmington, by whom at his death the property was 
left to his nephew, James Compton, 5th Earl of Northampton, 
who, dying in 1754, left it to his brother George; the 
latter died in 1758, s.p.^ and the estates passed to his nephew 
Charles, 7th Earl, who dying in 1763, left them to his only 
daughter. Lady Elizabeth Compton. Lady Compton married 
in 1787, Lord Greorge Henry Cavendish, 3rd son of the 4th 
Duke of Devonshire, and was created Earl of Burlington in 
1831. His son dying before himself, at his death in 1834 the 
property passed to his grandson, William Spencer Cavendish, 
2nd Earl, who in 1858 became 7th Duke of Devonshire. 

Mr. Selwyn, who had the second Manor, resided at Friston, 
and died in 1594. Thomas Selwyn succeeded to the estate, 
and on his death without issue male, the property went to his 
second daughter, Eliza, who married, in 1596, Thomas Parker, 
of Ratton.'^ In that family it continued till about the year 
1750, when it was bequeathed by Sir Walter Parker, Bart, 
to Edward Tray ton, of Lewes, who dying in 1761 without 
issue, devised it to Samuel Durrant, also of Lewes, by whom 
it was sold to Sir George Thomas, of Yapton, Bart., an ances- 
tor of the present owner of Ratton, F. F. Thomas, Esq.® 

Horsfield states that Thomas Gildridge, the purchaser of 
the third Manor, lived in a large house at the eastern ex- 
tremity of Church Street,® and which is now (1861) par- 
titioned off and let into cottages. In the Gildridge family 
it remained till the death of Nicholas G. in 1668. His 5th 

^ Sometimes spelt Wratton. the text was not the Manor-house ; 

* The pedigree of this family will be but is more likely to have been the 

found in Berry's Siutew Genealogiety p. one now in the occupation of Mr. B. 

291. Boys, a little further on. 



Or perhaps the house referred to in 



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HISTORY OF EASTBOURNE. 123 

daughter and heiress, Elizabeth, married Nicholas Eversfield, 
of Charlton Court, Steyning, M.P. for Bramber in 1678, and 
died in 1674. Their eldest daughter, Mary, married Nicholas 
Gilbert, of Eastbourne, and their sole descendant, Mary Anne, 
married Davies Giddy, who changed his name to Gilbert in 
1817. 

There is a fourth Manor in the parish, named East-Bourne 
Netherin, attached to the rectory, and held with it on -a 
lease for lives from the Treasurer of Chichester Cathedral. 
In 1683 it was held by Thomas Alchorne, sheriff of Sussex 
in 1701, who married Frances, daughter of John De 
la Chambre. There is a monument in the memory of T. 
Alchorne in the chancel, with his arms impaled with his 
wife's. Their youngest daughter and co-heir, Mary, married 
Thomas Worge, and considerably repaired the rectorial 
chancel. This Manor is now held by the Duke of Devonshire 
and the Hon. Mrs. Gilbert. ^^ 

The custom of Borough-English prevails in these four 
manors ; in other words the customary descent of property 
in all parts of the parish is to the youngest son." 

In the benevolence raised in 36th Henry VIII., the names 
of the principal inhabitants of The Hundred of Burn are set 
out, and are worth preserving — 

James Burton 1" Phillip Banester, wydow zx> 

John Baker iiij* Willyam Ferrell xzx* 

John Russell, thelder xx^ BobertJoynar x^ Tiy<> 

Thomas Ryohe xx» Willyam Cobar x» viy«* 

John Payne xx" Willyam Edwardes xx* 

Robert Braban "vj* viij<* S' Rychard Wright, curat of Bum... v« 

Nicholas Lopdell xxx" S''Bawdwyn Hamlet, Jhuspristof Bum iig" 

Rychard Dyar xx^ 

In order to ascertain how far the coast of Sussex was pre- 
pared to resist the expected attack of the Spaniards, a survey 
was made in 1687. From it we learn that there was at 
Borne " a decayed earthen bulwark, which should be mended 
with flankers, and they have one demi-culverin, two sacres, 
three robinets, and three bases with them ; the chambers 
unfurnished with powdre and shotte."** 

In 3rd Elizabeth (1560), the Queen granted to the Bishops 

10 Horsfield HUt, Sun. >> Mng'8 Librmry, B.M., printed in 

»» Suu, Arch. CoU,f vol. vi., p. 178. Sua,. Arch. CoU,, voL xL p. 161. 

B 2 



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124 



HISTOBT OF BASTBOIJRNE. 



of Chichester the annual tenths of the vicarage of East 
Borne." 

In 3rd James I (1605), by a summons dated Windsor, 
September 2, Estbome is charged to supply 200 loads of 
coals.** 

In 10th James I, an enrollment of arms takes place. East 
Bourne is thus referred to : — 
** Willington ( Mr. Richard Vernon, vicar, | a musket fur- 

" Estbome ( Mr. Edmund Hall, vicar, ) nished." 

A note says " This rating took place on March 11, 1612, 
before Samuel, Bishoppe of Chichester. All the clergie in 
certain deaneries were called up to register the arms they 
could furnish."** 

In 18th James I (1620), on July 4, a second enrollment 
took place: — 

" Eastbourne & f Mr. Richard Vernon, vicar, ( . , , , " 
Willingdeane ( Mr. Edmund Hall, vicar | tweenthem"'^ 

In the subsidy of Charles I. we have the following names 
returned for the hundred of Eastborne r^'^ — 



Yearly valae. 
& Edward Burton, Ejiight, lands £4 168. Pelham Burton, gent 
Thomas Parker, gent lands 408. 
Belvrine Parker, gent. lands £4 
John Foster, gent. lands £3 

Mr. Nicholas GUdridg lands £3 



Yearly yalue. 

lands 208. 4s. 

8s. Beniamine Scarlett,** gent lands 208. 48. 

16s. Wilm Bishop, gent lands 30s. 68. 

12s. John Hollandes lands 208. 4s. 

12s. Thomas Taylor lands 20b. 4b. 



Susan Crunden 
Nicholas Crunden 
Wilm Browne 
Wilm Herriott 
WilmMartaine 
James Hutohen 
Henry Fennell 



SESSOBS. 

lands 208. 4s. WilmJorden 

lands 20b. 4s. Thomas Crunden 

lands 208. 48. James Lopdell 

lands 208. 48. John Bussell 

lands 20s. 4s. Edmond fienn 

lands SOs. 6s. John Cuile 

lands 208. 48. 



lands 308. 68. 

lands 408. 88. 

lands 80b. 68. 

lands 308. 68. 

lands 30b. 6b. 

lands 20s. 4s. 

Total £7 14b. Od. 



The following extract is a strange jnmble of truth and 
error : — 

Eastbom or Ebom is found in our maps and villares noted as a market town, but 
we can't discover any market ever kept there, nor any account of it Hereabouts Is 
the chief place of catehing the delicious birds, called Wheat-ears, which much^- 



>* Burr. M88., B.M. Add. MSS., vol. 
5702. 
»« Ibid, p. 239. 
«» Ibid, p. 262. 
" Ibid, p. 267. 



•7 MS. Record Office, T.G.. No. 44, 
454. 

>" The Scarletts were also lessees of 
lands in Pevensey, temp. Hen. VIII., 
belonging to suppresBed Chantries. 



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HISTORY OF EASTBOURNE. 125 

semble the French Ortelana This plaoe lies under the promontoiy, so 

famous for the loss of ships, called Beachy Head, in which are several oavems like 
vaults made by the sea, as is supposed. On the top of this promontory are the 
Downs of Sussex, the finest carpet in the world. It is so called from the beach ad- 
joining.*' 

At Holywell, a short distance westward from the hamlet 
of Meads is some pretty cliff scenery, and chalybeate springs 
formerly said to resemble in character those at Clifton. They 
have however been analysed, at the instance of the present 
vicar, and found to consist of simple but very fine surface 
water. 

In the record of the valuation of abbey property made in 
1527, it is mentioned that the Abbey of Bayham, in Sussex, 
possessed a certain property known as " Lamporte in Bome.''*^ 
This was a half hide of land, the gift of Thurston, son of 
Gilbert de Hodinges, to Otteham Abbey, afterwards joined 
to Bayham. This property is conjectured by the Rev. G. M. 
Cooper to have been situated near "the Wish," at South 
Bourne, in the parish of East Bourne.*^ 

The antiquarian objects which have been dug up from time 
to time, are neither numerous nor particularly important. I 
here speak, in chronological order, of all that I am acquainted 
with. 

About 1709 a coin of Posthumus and one of Constantino 
were found a furlong N. W. of the pavement about to be de- 
scribed.** 

In 1717 a tesselated Roman pavement of considerable size, 
a bath, and other remains were discovered in a field at the sea- 
side, now forming the site of Cavendish Place. Dr. Tabor 
forwarded a very detailed account to the Royal Society, 
from which I extract the following : — 

The meadow in which the greatest part of the pavement lyes is near a mile and a 
half south-east of Bourne; it contains ahout four acres, and is of a triangular form ; 
the southern side is against the sea ; only a few fishers* cottages and a small publiok 
house or two lying between that and the sea. On the northern side of the meadow 
is a highway, which leads from Bourne to Pevensey ; the west side is by a fence of 
posts and rails separated from a large com field, in Ck>mmon, belonging to the parish. 
About the middle of this fence is the pavement, distant fh)m high water mark a Air- 
long; in former times it might have been somewhat more, because from this point 
to ttie westward the sea is always gaining upon the land. 

" Complete History of Suttex, sold by «» Suu. Arch, Coll., vol. ix., p. 166. 
T. Cox, London, 4to., 1780, p. 620. « PhiL Trant., vol. xxx., p. 669. 

^ VaXoT JBeeleikutious, G.D. Beooid 
Ck>mmisBion« 



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126 HISTORY OF EASTBOURNE. 

More than four yean sinoe, viz., in the summer of 1712, wlien the fence was re- 
paired, the workman sinking a hole to fix a post in, was hindered hy something solid 
like a rock, hut casting out the earth clean found the obstacle to be artificial. Mr. 
Thomas Willard, of Bourne, owner of the meadow, being informed of the novelty, 
gave order that it should be uncovered, and sent also to Herstmonceux for one 
Purceglove, an ingenious engineer (who formerly had been employed in the mines in 
the northern counties), who with his instruments bored through the pavement and 
in many places of the ground about it, which he found to be full of foundations : but 
this his discovery of those foundations was only a confirmation of what the inhabi- 
tants there had always observed, as well in ploughing as in the growth of their com 
and grass, for in the Common corn-field west of the meadow, to the distance of near 
half a mile, they often raise bits of foundations with their ploughs ; and in dry sum- 
mers by the diifferent growth of the com they can plainly perceive all that part of 
ground to be full of foundations. 

The pavement was little more than a foot below the common surfitce of theg^und; 
what lay next it was a common sea gravel ; the position of it is very nearly due east 
and west (about two foot of the west end of it reaching into the com field) ; its length is 
seventeen foot and four inches, its breadth eleven foot At first it seemed to have been 
bounded with a thin brick set on edge, about an inch above the teuara, so exactly 
straight and even as if shot with a plane, and so well cemented as if one entire brick. 
But when the outside of the pavement was broke up we found that instead of bricks 
set on edge, as was imagined, it was bounded with a border of bricks laid fiat, and 
their ends next the teuarw turned up. The thickness of these bricks was an inch 
and a quarter, the breadth not under eleven and not more than twelve inches ; the 
length full fifteen inches, which, before they were turned up at their ends could not 
have been lees than seventeen. They were very firm, and not in the least warp*d or 
oast in burning. When broke, their substance was fine and well mixt, of as uniform 
and clear a red colour as a piece of fine hole^ except at the ends where turned up. They 
were all over cover'd with a plastfer (the same which Vitruvius calls the nucleus, of 
which more afterwards), half an inch thick, so hard, entire, and even, that it seemed 
as one stone quite round the pavement." ^ 

The writer then proceeds to narrate, in detail, the discovery 
of the pavement and of the remains of the Roman Bath, 
giving a most minute description of every attendant circum- 
stance : the prolixity of the memoir may be judged of from 
the fact that it occupies no less than 15 quarto pages. 

In 1778, in making some excavations on the Downs near the 
road leading from East Bourne to East Dean, Mr. Nicholas 
Gilbert discovered five skeletons placed side by side, with their 
heads to the north, and four urns, apparently containing bones, 
between them. The urns soon fell to pieces on exposure to the 
air; their contents remaining in the state they were found in. 
A smaller urn, containing about a dozen horse's teeth, was 
also dug up ; it did not share the fate of the four previously 
spoken of, but remained in good preservation, and in the fol- 
lowing year was given to Sir W. Burrell.^ 

About Christmas, 1805, a fall of cliff took place at the 
Wish, and shortly after something was observed protruding from 

M PhU. Tram,, vol. 1717, pp. 649 •♦ Burr. M88., B.M. Add MSS., vol. 

et seq. See also Horsfield^s Sittory of 5681, p. 404. 
Suuem, vol. i., p. 49. 



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EASTBOURNE CHURCH— EXTERIOR. 



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r3-'.-- ii i i iw ."L »--sn 



HISTORY OF EASTBOURNE. 127 

the new face of the cliff, about 10 feet below the surface; it 
was dug out, and found to be a celt. A further examination 
of the surrounding debris led to the discovery of four gold 
bracelets, the largest weighing upwards of 3oz. troy, a brass 
spear-head of excellent workmanship, and four more brass 
celts, all of which were exhibited at a meeting of the Society 
of Antiquaries in 1907," but where they are now I have 
been unable to ascertain. 

In 1834 a tumulus on the Downs, near East Bourne, was 
opened. It was about five feet high in the centre, of which 
height three feet were composed of ordinary soil, interspersed 
with numerous flints ; below this stratum were three layers, the 
first of ferruginous sand, the second of some unknown black 
substance, and the third of soft chalk. Some of the stones 
were of considerable size, but there were no relics found. 



The Benefice is a vicarage in the Archdeaconry of Lewes 
and the diocese of Chichester. It is rated in the King's Books 
at 26^ 1*. 8^, and is commuted for £556 18s. lid. per 
annum. A new Glebe-house has recently been erected. 

We give an engraving of the old parsonage. 



Adjoining the church-yard on the northern side there is an 
old building or parsonage, which it is supposed was formerly 

** Archaologia^ vol. xvi., p. 363, where three of the above are engraved. 

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128 HISTORY OP EASTBOURNE. 

the habitation of a company of black friars. This supposition 
may have arisen from an erroneous conftision between the names 
of Easebourn, in West Sussex, and East Bourne. The former 
name is frequently referred to in books as Eastbome. It is 
now used as a dwelling-place for cottagers, but one would be 
glad to see it restored, and appropriated to a more dignified 
use. 

Under the Lamb Inn is a vaulted apartment, which is 
traditionally said to have formed part of some monastic estab- 
lishment, out of which a subterranean passage leading to- 
wards the church proceeds.^ An engraving of this chamber 
has already been given in these volumes. Vol. x. p. 185. 

The parish church, and some subjects connected with it, 
will next occupy our attention. 

This building is dedicated to St. Mary the , Virgin, and 
bears many evidences of being an ancient structure. It con- 
sists of a nave and two aisles, a central chancel and two side 
chancels, and a solid, but inelegant, tower. In 1851, at a 
cost of nearly £1,000, and under the superintendence of the 
late Mr. Carpenter, the edifice was placed in a state of re- 
pair — ^though less completely than one might have desired — 
not the least important reform being the total abolition 
of the barbarous pews, which previously so disfigured 
the building ; they were replaced by low oak benches, to 
which access is had by small doors. At the western extre- 
mity of the nave, in a large recess in the tower, was formerly 
erected a small organ gallery ;^ this was very judiciously re- 
moved, and in 1854 a very fine organ, occupying nearly all 
the space, was erected by Walker, of London, at a cost of 
about £400. Want of funds at the time prevented its being 
quite completed, and a movement was set on foot early in the 
year 1861 to obtain the requisite funds to perfect it. 

The chancel is connected with the nave by a lofty circular 
arch, ornamented with zig-zags, surmounted by a tier of corbel 
heads, the whole in excellent preservation. Under this arch 
there formerly existed a handsome rood screen. No part of 
this screen is known to exist save the doors, which now form 

« Suts. Arch. Coll,, vol. x., p. 184. *> See " Extracts," August 8, 1703. 

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HISTOEY OF EA8TB0UBNB. 129 

a partition separating the altar from the Gilbert chancel. 
Two stone staircases leading from each chancel to the rood 
loft also remain in good order, except- that th6 upper extre- 
mities are bricked up. In the year 1826 the'chancel was re- 
roofed by the lessees of the great tithes, and farther repaired 
in 1858, by the Ecclesiastical Commissioners, under the super- 
intendence of their architect, Mr. Christian, and it has now a 
very good appearance. In 1869 a light and handsome*® painted 
east window, representing ten . scenes from Holy Scripture, 
was put up by Messi-s. Laren and Barrand, at a cost of 
£240, raised by subscription. 

The central chancel is separated from the two side ones 
by gothic arches, ornamented with chevron mouldings. 
The northern one, formerly belonging to the Gildridges, is now 
appropriated to the Gilberts. In a similar manner the 
southern one has passed from the Burtons to the Cavendishes. 
The church belongs to the transitional period, dating from 
between 1145 and 1190. This I give on the authority of 
Mr. Sharpe, and though contradictory to the previous con- 
jecture, as to its having been built by the family of De 
Badlesmere, is to be preferred to it. 

The Parish Register commences in the year 1558. 
The following list of the vicars of the Parish is derived 
from the Register, collated, however, with a less extended oae 
given by Sir W. Burrell.^ 

1418 Peter. 

1445 John King. 

1478 John Doget. 

William Browne [resigned]. 

1490 Robert Story, M.A. 

Jacob Williams [resigned]. 

1508 John Champion, M.A. 

John Prediaux [resigned]. 

1524 Lawrence Wodcocke [resigned]. 
1527 William Howe 

William Bradbridge [resigned]. 

<> Some quibblers endeavoar to dis- could not see/* Quot homines tot sen- 

parage the lightness of the colouring of tentiee. 

this window; if it had been deeper, « B. M., Add. M.S.S., vol. 5697, f. f. 

granting it would have better, these self 388-91. 
same quibblers would have said *' they 

xrv. S 

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130 HISTOBY OF EASTBOURNE. 

1555 William Atherton, M.A. 

Augostin Curteis [d. 1559]. 

1561 Thomas Leame. 

[1580 Thomas Tynkell.J 

1588 Richard Vemon [d. 1*38, »t. 84]. 

1638 James Greaves 

1648 John Boult [or Bolt]. 

1660 Richard [or Michael] Levett. 

1687 Owen Jones. 

1703 [or 1704] John Horlock. 

1704 Thoma* Byshe. 
1720 Simon Manningham. 
1734 Henry Lushington, D.D. 

1779 Philip Fisher, M.A. 

1780 Robert Clarke. 

1781 Jonathan Parker, B.A. 
1806 Thomas Newman. 
1809 Alexander Brodie, D.D. 
1828 Thomas Pitman, M.A. 

The following extracts are taken from an old Parish 
Book, now in the possession of an inhabitant, preserved, when 
the rest of the parish books were burnt by some Vandal's 
hand, in 1818:— 

£ s. rf- 

1638. Bread and beer allowed to the 

ringers, who were also paid 
for ringing on Nov. 

1639. Paid for writing out register 

of Xt«*, of mar, and burials .020 
1648. A brief, collected ... 9 7 
1651. Bells: — 

Pd. to ye bell-founder, John 
Lulham, for casting y* 
bells by composition ..700 
It. To John Lulham, for 
additions of bell metal, and 
for 6 days labour about y* 
Bells, besides the remaining 
metal after the casting .250 



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HISTORY OF EASTBOUBKB. 



131 



It. To Mr. Giles Wilkins, 
for brass pots, 501b., at 4**. 

It. Old pewter . 

701bs. brass, at 5^ . 

Labour, 4' . . . 

361bs. brass, at 5**. 

391bs. ditto, at 5^. 

13^1bs. of pewter, at 12^ . 

Carrying y* bells and bell 
metal to Chiddingly, July 
5 and July 8 . . . . 

Labour, 8*., !()•., 9'. . . 

Ironwork, 1^ 4*. 0^ . . 

Treble clapper, .... 

T. Standin, for 6 new ropes . 

Other expenses: timber, &c., 
3'.; 9'. 4^; 2'. 6^; 

i.^ .o.*o. • . • • 



18 


9 


7 





1 19 


2 


4 





15 





16 


6 


13 


6 


1 10 





1 7 





1 4 





8 





1 






1 10 4 
21 11 2 



1674. 



To Daniel Shoulder for maimed 
soldiers, and for y* coal 
for one whole year, ended 
Easter, 1651 .... 16 8 

Nic. Ford for a day's work 
for himself (labourers, 
Is. 6d. per-d.) hiis man and 
boy 4 

It. for 3 days' work, himself 

and boy 7 

July 29. Collected in y* Parish Ch. of 
E. B., for the use of Nicholas Christo- 
pherus and Theodore Johanni, Candia 
merchants, and Turkish captives, re- 
commended by y* King in writing. 
Williamson, Secretary, the sum 

of -.088} 

Edw. Haddon, Curate, 

8 2 



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132 HI8T0BY OF EASTBOUBNB. 

1675. One month's support of the 

poor 2 2 10 

May 30, making a shirt ..004 
July 25, one sMrt, that Mary 

Peper was buried in . . 3 

1679. May 11, Brief for y* town of 

Dover 7 5^ 

1680. Collected in y* Parish of East Bourn, 

in y* County of Sussex, towards y* 
redemption of y* Protestant Slaves 
at Algiers or gaily y*sum of £4 17s. Od., 
which was paid by Mr. Wm. GriflSith to 
Mr. Tom Carleton, sec. to y* Bishop of 
Chichester. 

1682. April 17, **It was agreed and- concluded 
"that Mr. Nicholas Townley, shall 
" hereafter pay ten pounds, in money, 
"and ten pounds, in wheat, as y' 
"prices be at Midsomer and at 
" Christmas, in lieu of y* £20, for- 
" merly spent in breakfasts." 

1685. March 1. 

Looking to y* clocks, and ring- 
ing y* 8 o'clock beU~ . . 1 10 
Cleaning y* plate and washing 

y* linen 6 8 

Cleaning y* leads .... 5 
Ringing y* harvest belP^ .026 

1688- April 16. Due to Mr. Lang- 
staffe, on his bill, dated 
March, 1687, for perform- 
in g ■ on Mary Hunt 6 17 6 

1690. April 12. Easter Monday. 

" Whereas it is apparent that for seve- 
ral years last past, there hath been 
great abuses put upon y* inhabitants of 

^ The old " Curfew bell," now unfor- »' See JVirtw and Queries, vol. x. passim, 
tonately discontinued; but retained in 1860. 
tiie neighbouring town of Hailsham. 



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raSTORY or EASTBOTTRNB. 133 

this parish by relieving of several per- 
sons whieh are not in necessity, and 
grown to own that they have relief 
from the parish. Therefore, to prevent 
the same for the future, so far as in us 
lies, it is hereby agreed by us, the said 
inhabitants assembled in the vestry, 
that all such poor people as receive 
relief and are chargeable to the said 
parish, shall forthwith have two let- 
ters (viz. B.P.,) delivered them, with 
orders from the ov^seers of this pa-, 
rish, to be sewed without side of the 
right sleeve of the upper garment, 
which letters are to b^ used. And if 
any poor person receiving relief at any 
time, be taken, or seen without such 
letters, shall forfeit their pay for such 
week or weeks as they shall be seen 
without wearing the said letters; and 
the overseers in every year successively 
are required to take notice of this ag*. 
[agreement], and that if any of them 
relieve any persons contrary to this 
ag^, they shall have no allowance for 
the same.'' 

1703. August 8. A vestry orders the church- 
wardens to prosecute certain persons 
for misbehaviour in church. It is also 
stated that a gallery was lately erected 
at the West end of the church, for 
" young mm and bachelors^ 

1709. July 31. A vestry orders *' That there 
" should be paid out of the parsonage, 
" in lieu of breakfasting, the sum of 
" £6, in manner and form following, 
viz. : — £4, part thereof, to be given to 
" a schoolmaster to instruct 8 of the 
" parishioners' sons in the Latin tongue, 
^^ and £2, the residue thereof, to be 



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134 mSTORY OF EASTBOURJm. 

" given to a schoolmaster to teach 4 
" children, whose parents are not able 
" to pay, to read and write, as witness 
" our hands, 

" W. Parkeb. 

" Thomas Byssh, Vicar." 

1712. May 4. A payment of £1 8s. Od. is 
ordered for rebuilding Lewes Bridge. 

1716. April 2. Mr. Thomas Willard having 
lent one Sichard King, £8, the parish 
meet and agree to rep^ Mr. Willard 
out of the Poor Rate. [ ! ] 

1729. January 11. Permission is accorded to 
the Rt. Hon. Spencer, Lord Wilming- 
ton, to enlarge his pew in church. 

1755. June 9. Power is granted to the church- 
wardens and overseers to treat with 
Mrs. Philadelphia Rogers, for the 
purchase of her copyhold house, in order 
that it may be converted into a work- 
house 

1755. July 3. Furthw powers are granted, for 
raising money to repair and put in 
order this and another house. 
A foil sketch of charities of the parish is given by Sir 
W. Burrell— « 

James Payne, the younger, buried on Feb. 18, 1594, willed a house to be buUt in 
the cburohyard, and to be maintained by his heirs for ever. — (PaHth RegUter), 

But it was to be simply a roofed building, having a table over his grave, with seats 
on either side— a resting place for the poor. — Charity Commimonen^ Bepart, p. 750. 

Robert Fennell, gent, buried on April 7, 1595, by his will gave out of his lands ^ 
shillings a year for ever, to 6 poor widows of this parish, to be distributed on Ash 
Wedn^ay yearly, which lands now Mr. Parker hath, but unoonscionatly keepeth 
that money firom the said poor widows. — {Parith Reguter), 

On May 18, 1596, John, son of Richard Midmore, of Chettingly [Chiddingly], was 
bu ied, who by his last will and testament gave £40 to be paid into the hands of 6 of 
ther chiefest of this parish, at Michaelmas next commencing, so to remain for ever for 
the use of the poor, to set them at work the best way that the said 6 or 4 of them can 
devise, for the use of the said poor of the parish aforesaid, which John Medmore was 
a young man, aged 27, unmarried ; and the same money was paid to £dward Bur- 
ton, Esq., Thomas Parker, gent., James Gildredge, gent, Nicholas Burton, gent», 
— Mabb, and Richard Edwards, by Edward Midmore. 

M B. M., Add. M.S.S.,, v. 6687, p. 878, 887. 



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HISTOBY OF EASTBOURNE. 135 

There is a donation from Poooz Farm in this parishi belonging (1779), to Lady 
Elizabeth Oompton — ^vtz., 408. per annum, payable for ever to 6 poor widows who re- 
oeive no relief from the parish, nan eonttat^ who was the donor. 

Another donation was originally the interest of 8 guineas, lefk to 10 poor widows who 
reeeive no relief, given by Mr. John Cayley; and the parish contributed £1 12s. Od. 
to complete the sum of £10, which sum is deposited in the hands of Mr. Gilbert at 
5 per cent, per annum. There is no account when it was left, but the increase of 
the original was made in 1740, and registered in the vestry book. The interest is 
not given away yearly, but whenever it amounts to a competent sum ; the last dis- 
tribution was in 1771— viz., 18s. to 10 poor widows, which is the interest of £10 for 
13 years.— PwT. M,S,S, 

In 1800 Mr. Gilbert paid into the hands of Mr. Edward Auger £10 and 18 years' 
interest Mr. Auger failed the next year, and no debt of the parish was proved. 
Charity Cbtn, Bepart, p. 750. 

Lord Wilmington left £15 per annum for the education of 15 poor children in 
writing and accomplishments, which liady Elizabeth Gompton continues ; it is pay- 
able during pleasure. — Burr. M.&8, 

John Yielding, of Eastbourne, by his will, dated 27th March, 1816, left £200, the 
annual produce of which at his wife's deaUi (and she lived till nearly 90) was to 
be applied in clothing 10 poor persons belonging to and residing in Eastbourne, who 
should not have received parochial relief for 3 years immediately preceding. 
(^rity Com. Beport, p. 750. 

There is a singular custom in this parish on the three first Sundays in August, 
about an hour before divine service begins. The occupiers of the Great Tithes are 
obliged to find and provide a public breakfast for the farmers and their servants, each 
fiEirmer having a right for each team or plough hand he occupies to send two servants, 
who are entitied to as good hams as can be obtained, with bread and cheese, as also 
to two pints of good beer to each man. The master's fiu« on this occasion is a good 
sirloin of beef, with cold hams and other necessaries, with the like liquor, and this 
breakfast concludes on the chiming for church. About 60 years ago [i.e. about 
1720], this custom was in litigation for omissions in the entertainment, but settled 
by the Court of Chancery, from which time it has been regularly observed. The 
supposed origin of this custom is, that formerly the proprietor or occupier of the 
ty&es took tiie com in the swath, and in consideration of the fimners and their 
servant taking it up for them, they gave^ this breakfast to induce them to commit 
as little injury to the tjrthes in feeding, trampling, and other spoilage, which is often 
wantonly exercised. — Burr, M,8.8, 

There formerly prevailed in this parish another custom, 
called the sops and ale^ not altogether dissimilar to the above. 
On the birth of a child (its parents being either the farming 
or trading class), a feast of certain articles of food and beer 
was prepared in an apartment adjacent to the church, whither 
all the agricultural members of the congregation repaired on 
the conclusion of the second lesson. Such a custom as this, 
it may readily be imagined, has long fallen into disuse; in- 
deed, a petition to Parliament praying for its abolition was 
sent up, as far back as 1640, and an annual payment of £20 
for the education of poor children has now been substituted.*' 

Westward of East Bourne, at a distance of about two miles 
from the Sea Houses, is Beachy Head, the most southerly 
summit of the South Downs. It is an almost perpendicular 

** Horsfleld*s Sussex, vol. ii., p. 297. 

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136 HISTORY OF EASTBOUENE. 

chalk clifl^ rising to a height of 564 feet above the level of 
the sea ; and has become a favorite resort for visitors during 
the summer season ; the beauty, boldness, and grandeur of 
the rocky scenery far surpassing anything of the kind in tiiis 
part of England. The very extensive prospect is also an 
attraction. But such considerations are beside my present 
purpose. 

There formerly existed seven large masses of rock, rising 
from the shore to a considerable height, and separated from 
the main cliflF; thus having the appearance of being the 
ruined outlying towers of some huge fortress. The ever 
destructive action of the sea, however, has gradually under- 
mined and washed away six of these Charleses, as they are 
called, and a portion only of the seventh now remains, and 
that doubtless destined ere long to follow in the steps of its 
predecessors. 

Some distance westward of the Head, on the cliff called 
Belle Toute, and nearly under the lighthouse of that name, 
exists a cavern of considerable size, hewn out of the solid 
rock, and known as Parson Darby's Hole,** of which a full 
description is given by Horsfield.** 

Sir W. Burrell gives a somewhat different version of the 
story ; as this has not, as far as I am aware, appeared in 
print, I copy it : — 

" Some affirm that his partner was so highly gifted with loquacity (and that not 
of the most soothing kind), that the pioos minister ezcaTated this oave to avoid 
domestic broils ; but others assign it to feelings of philanthropy for the Dutch 
seamen, who, a century ago [i. e. about 1700], used to suffer dreEMlAiUy by ship- 
wreck, on the immense rocks with which this part of the coast abounds, and 

whereon many thousands have perished If the ships escaped the rocks and came 

on shore at high water, they were sure to be dashed to pieces against the p6r|)endi- 
oular dififo, and the seamen most frequently found a watery grave. To prevent 
these disastrous events, our humane clergyman was accustomed in stormy weather 
to retire to his cave and hang out lights to guide and save if possible shipwrecked 
mariners. In one instance he was eminently successful ; a large ship b^ng driven 
towards the shore by the pitiless storm, the crew, glided by his lights, steered the 
vessel so direct as to run its bowsprit into the cave, by which the lives of twelve 
men were preserved to society ; but the damps soon put an end to his laudable 
endeavours, by causing his own premature decease. A considerable part of this cave 
has been washed away, yet a great proportion still remains, and is worthy of the 
attention of the curious." 

'* The Rev. Jonathan Darby, of Queen's son of Sir Wm. S<^ar, a Garter, by Frances 
Coll., Oxon, and of Eastdean, married d. of Thomas Taylor, of Hastings, 
in 1681 Anne, d, of Simon Segar, grand- *» History of Smsex^ vol. i. p. 286. 



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HISTORY OF EASTBOURNE. 137 

The following is an index to the principal references to 
East Bourne contained in the first 13 volumes of the Sussex 
ArehcBological Collections^ not quoted in this paper. 

Burton, Manor of, vol. xi. under the head of " PaxhiU 
and its neighbourhood." JR. W. Blencowe. 

Coffin, Leaden, found in a cutting, in making the East 
Bourne branch railway, with an engraving, vol. i, p. 160. 
M. A. Lower. 

Coins, CtOld, in the possession of Mr. W. Harvey, of 
Lewes, with engravings, vol. i, p. 29. F. Dixon. 

Coins, Gold, having Mahometan inscriptions, vol. i, p. 5. 
W. H. Blaauw. 

Old Customs at East-Bourne, vol. xiii, p. 228. M. A. 
Lower. 

Parish Begistbr, extracts from, vol. vi, p. 264-9. B. 
W. Blencowe. 

BoMAN Remains, discovered in December, 1848, vol. ii, 
p. 257. M. A. Lower. 

Seal, Bronze, found at East Bourne, vol. v, p. 202. M. 
A. Lower. 

Tradesmen's Tokens, vol. x, p. 207. W. D. Cooper. 
Vol. xi, p. 175. W. Figg. 

The foregoing contain some of the most important items I 
have collected relating to the History of East Bourne, con- 
sidered ArchaeologicaUy; and my best thanks are due to 
those friends who have assisted me. 



XIV, T 

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MARESFIELD, 



By the Rev. EDWARD TURNER, M.A. 



This agricultural parish comprises within its limits a tract 
of country of about 8,097 acres; the population of which, 
according to the last census, was 1,912. The soil varies from 
a stiff loam to a light sand ; the extensive waste, called Ash- 
down Forest, a considerable portion of which is in Mares- 
field^ consists of a barren, gravelly earth, geologically 
known as the " Iron-sand formation," the prevailing charac- 
ter of which is sand and sand rock, and contains layers and 
concretions of iron-stone, to which cause its sterility is to be 
principally attributed. In this district rocks of considerable 
size often protrude through the soil, forming groups and 
ranges of much beauty and picturesque effect, chequered as 
they generally are with lichen, and crowned with hardy 
plants, having trees of a considerable size often growing out of 
their arid clefts. Of these we have no very striking in- 
stances in Maresfield, but in the parishes of Uckfield, Buxted, 
and Fletching, which are situated on the south, east, north- 
west, and west sides of it, very remarkable examples are to 
be met with. Its other contiguous parishes are Hartfield, to 
the north-east, and Eastgrinstead and Westhothly to the 
north. The shape of this parish is very irregular, its length 
from south-east to north-west being quite seven miles, and 
its average width not more than two. A nearly isolated part, 
called Stumblett, or Stumble wood, is situated in a deep 
forest dell, bordering on the parishes of Westhothly and 
Eastgrinstead, and at no great distance from their churches, 



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MABESFIELD. 139 

as well as from that of Horstedkeynes, and is in summer a 
spot of much romantic interest; it, and Pippingford warren, 
are alluded to \>j Horace Smith, in his novel of Bramble- 
tye House, as the scene of some of the chiyalrous adventures 
of the Compton family, to whom that house belonged. Here 
are located about forty of the Maresfield population, at the 
incommodious distance of about six miles and a half from the 
church, which is situated very nearly at the southern extre- 
mity of the parish. This inconvenience was in some 
measure obviated in 1843-4, by the erection of a church at 
Nutley, about midway between this and the north-western 
extremity, capable of accommodating two hundred adults 
and fifty children ; its sittings being all free and unappropria- 
ted. For the first three years after it was built, it was 
a chapel of ease only to the church ; but in 1847, a district 
was legally assigned to it. Of the population of the whole 
parish, 731 are in this district, leaving 1,181 to the mother 
church. 

The name Nutley b obviously derived from its being a 
district of the forest favourable to the growth of hazel — "Nut- 
leigh/' But of the origin of the name Maresfield, it would 
now be difficult to arrive at any very satisfactory conclusion. 
As the designation of places for the most part arose from 
some peculiar circumstance connected in early times with the 
locality, such as brooks, woods, hills, dales, &c , or from some 
cause having reference to their early appropriation and use, 
Maresfield is supposed by some to have taken its name from 
this latter consideration. At the time Ashdown forest was 
enclosed, and converted into a Royal park, besides deer, a 
large number of horses appear to have been bred in it for the 
King's service ; and as these would have their particular en- 
closures, according to their difierent ages and sexes, Mares- 
field has been thought to have derived its name from the 
fields or paddocks appropriated to the mares being situated 
here. But unfortunately for the tenableness of this hypo- 
thesis, we have evidence of the parish having been known by 
this name before Ashdown Forest was imparked. Besides, 
Maresfield is its modem name only. In ancient deeds and docu- 
ments I have invariably found it written either Marrysfield, 
Marysfield, Marsfield, or Maesfield, the latter being its pro- 

T 2 

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140 MABBSFI£LD« 

yincial corruption; and it is by tlie common people still pro- 
nounced the same. Marrysfield or Marysfield, is, I have no 
doubt, its right designation. In the derivation of names ending 
with field or feld, a great mistake is often made through a 
misapprehension of its real signification ; the Saxon meaning 
of this term being very different from its usual acceptation. 
It is now commonly applied to a cultivated tract of enclosed 
ground, and hence an inference has been attempted to be 
drawn from the names of places ending in fields such as 
Maresfield, Westfield, Ninfield, Uckfield, Isfield, Mayfield, 
Hartfield, Lindfield, Cuckfield, &c., that they were the parts 
of the great forest first brought into cultivation, whereas it is 
the reverse of this. In Saxon times it indicated an unen- 
closed, barren, stony district, such as the ferruginous tract 
of country lying between Hastings and Horsham, and on- 
ward to the western extremity of the county, where Uie 
names of the parishes terminating in field principally lie. 
The felds were probably open spaces in the forest, and so 
called in contra-distinction to the hersts^ among which they 
are situated, and from which Cogherst, Growherst, Ewherst, 
Penherst, Ticeherst, Lamberherst, Saleherst, &c., which are 
also situated in the barren district, obtained their names. I 
am disposed then to derive the name Maresfield from its 
being a district early dedicated to St. Mary, as we find the 
ancient chapel at Nutley to have been, and as was a chantry 
also, the site of which is now unknown, but which is men- 
tioned in ancient lists, enumerating the chantries in Sussex. 
The land with which it was endowed in Maresfield, I have 
found referred to as " the Chantry lands." By whom this 
chantry was founded and endowed is not known, but it was 
possibly by one of the De Aquila family. Although the present 
church is dedicated to St. Bartholomew, the preceding church 
might have been consecrated to St. Mary, who appears to 
have been the early patron saint of the parish. 

The ancient free chapel of Nutley, and the palace or hunt- 
ing seat of John of Gaunt, and his father, have been pre- 
viously noticed in my account of Ashdown Forest, on which 
they were situated, and to which they more particularly 
belong. 

The present church of Maresfield is of the perpendicular 



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MABESFIELD. 141 

period and style, but has evidently been grafted upon a build- 
ing of much earlier date, as is the case with many other 
churches in this neighbourhood; the diflFerent portions of the 
two being easily distinguishable in the present chancel. The 
church is a simple structure, having but little ornament 
in or about it, and consists of a nave, eastern chancel, and 
western tower; and whatever was the case when it was first 
built, it must have been for many years much too small 
for the requirements of the parish. The old wooden porch 
remains, but not in its original and proper position, having 
been removed from the nave to a debased doorway in the 
tower to make room for a deep gallery, by which the church 
is now much disfigured, and which was erected early in the 
present century. The church, in its ancient and unencum- 
bered state, was remarkable for the simplicity of its construc- 
tion. The nave and tower are lofty and well proportioned. 
The tower, which contains a peal of six musical bells, was 
originally open to the ground floor ; and between it and the 
nave was a very bold and lofty arch, through which was 
opened to the church a view of the large west window. From 
this ground floor of the tower, which was separated from the 
nave by a carved oak screen, the bells were at first rung. The 
original entrance to the tower was at the west end, through 
a pointed-arch door way. The wants, however, of a fast in- 
creasing population making additional accommodation abso- 
lutely requisite, it was obtained by means of this gallery, 
which is so constmcted as to cut the lofty arch into two 
parts, and to fill up the greater portion of it, the lower and 
upper portions only being visible, and the arch itself being 
blocked up by a lath and plaster screen, constructed for the 
purpose of shutting off* the view into the new belfry ; a 
wooden screen having been introduced at the back of this gallery 
as a protection against the current of air, which would other- 
wise pass through it to the discomfort and inconvenience of its 
occupants. By this then the western window is almost entirely 
hidden. All that can be seen of it is through the glass which 
has been introduced into this screen for the purpose of ad- 
mitting light into the back part of the gallery. It was the low- 
ness of this gallery that made the abandonment of the origi- 
nal entrance, and the removal of the wooden porch needful. 



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142 MABESFIELD. 

The remains of the rude stoop are still visible in the buttress 
on the north side of the church next to the tower, for the 
convenience of which the narrow wooden arch in the porch 
was contrived. Two debased windows were introduced at 
the time this entrance into the nave was stopped, one to light 
the gallery, and the other the part of it immediately under 
it. 

Such are the disfigurements to which the execution of the 
plans for obtaining increased church accommodation led, 
and by which a plain but very interesting structure has been 
deformed ; all of which might have been avoided by the erec- 
tion of an aisle on either side of the nave, which its loftiness 
would easily have admitted of. The chancel too has unfor- 
tunately been disfigured in the same way. 

Where the font was originally placed in the church is not 
now known. When I first came to Maresfield the church 
was without one, nor could there have been one for baptismal 
use for many years before. Baptisms were performed at the 
communion table, a hand basin being placed on it with the 
water. The stone basin, much mutilated, was then fixed to 
the north pillar of the tower arch, but the leaden lining was 
gone, the basin being used as the clerk's rubbish recep- 
tacle, until the church was thoroughly repaired in 1838, when 
in taking up the flooring of the pews, it was found beneath, 
having doubtless been so disposed of to be got rid of. 
Once more brought together, the ancient font in its complete 
state was placed in its present position, at the entrance of 
the nave. It is a heavy, square, rude basin, formed of the 
better kind of sand stone of the country, and is supported by 
a central shaft and four pillars, one at each angle. It is 
probably coeval with the church. 

But to form an adequate notion of the pristine beauty of 
this church, it should have been seen, as I was fortunate 
enough to see it, at the time the repairs to which I have just 
alluded were going on. Having been much neglected for 
many years, its walls when examined were found to be in 
some parts in a very defective state; and it was in re- 
medying these defects that I discovered beneath several suc- 
cessive coatings of whitewash a hard stucco, on which had 
been painted in very bright colours subjects of different 



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MARESFIELD. 143 

kinds. This led me to a ftdler investigation of the walls 
by a removal of the whitewash in different parts, by 
which means I was enabled to expose to view suificient 
to shew their nature and extent. Around each window 
was painted in arabesque, a festoon bordering of flowers, birds 
and leaves, most artistically executed in the richest colors; 
the prevailing of which were vermillion, pink, and blue, look- 
ing OS fresh as when they were first laid on. The effect was 
very striking. On each side of the splays of the windows 
were the original Scripture sentences in gothic letters, each 
sentence being surrounded by a black border, pointed 
below, but finished off at the top in the shape of a bow. On 
each side of the nave were the remains of a large historical 
painting, the greater part of which had been destroyed by 
the introduction of the main beam of the gallery-front into 
the wall. On the south side were left uninjured two military 
figures, with the hinder part of an animal of some sort, pro- 
bably a camel. The whole, I have no doubt, was intended to 
represent the cruel martyrdom of St. Bartholomew, the patron 
saint of the church. Of that on the north side, which had 
been destroyed in the same way, nothing more remained than 
a figure or two, with the back part of a chariot. From this 
then I am led to infer, that the subject of this painting was 
the baptism of the Ethiopian Eunuch. The height of the 
figures was about two feet. On each side of the chancel arch, 
were two angels with expanded wings, the right arm of one 
and the left of the other being so extended as to hold in their 
hands a chaplet of flowers just over the point. In their other 
hands were palm branches. These figures were about eight 
feet in length. The chancel windows were embellished with 
similar sentences. These windows differ from each other in 
size, and in the distance they are introduced from the floor. 
They are all of one pattern, except the east window, which is 
three, while the others are two-lighted only. The window 
on the north side next to the chancel arch is labelled both out- 
side and in, and upon the whole more ornamented than the rest. 
At the time the rood loft was in existence, this, I suspect, was 
originally the way to it, communicating as it evidently did 
at that time with an archway, also on the north side of the 
same arch. The corbels on which the rood loft rested still 



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144 MARESFIELD. 

remain. In the east window were a few pieces of stained 
glass. One of these was supposed to contain the arms of John 
of Graunt. But upon taking it out and cleaning it, it proved 
to be a representation of the crucifixion. The shield was 
divided by the cross ; and about it on each side were the 
scourge, nails, hammer, and other implements of cruelty made 
use of upon that occasion. Over the altar the ceiling is of 
oak pannelling, on which, in removing the whitewash with 
which it was covered, I found represented in gold the sun on 
the south side and the moon on the north, stars being dotted 
about in other parts. In cleaning off the plaster on the east 
side of the original entrance door a beautiful little holy-water 
basin waa discovered in the stone work of the jamb. In 
lowering the earth which had accumulated about the walls of 
the church on the outside, a well was discovered to the east 
of, and close to the porch, as it now stands. It was found 
upon being opened to be thirty feet deep, and was no doubt 
intended to supply with water the stoop without^ and the holy 
water basin and font within the church. The bells were re- 
cast in 1786 by Charles Ruddach, bell-founder, of Brighton, 
six new ones having been made out of the same number of 
old bells, as appears by an entry made in the parish ledger of 
that date. The expense of this re-casting is not stated. All 
that appears in the memorandum is, that it was to be de- 
frayed by a church rate made especially for the purpose. The 
cost of taking the old bells down and hanging the new ones 
was £23 10s. The old bells were of considerable antiquity. 

The expense of repairing the church in 1838 was about £400. 
The fresco paintings and holy water basin were covered up 
again. 

In the south wall of the church tower close to the wind- 
ing stairs leading to the top of it, are the remains of a small 
arched opening, of the use of which I can form no other 
conjecture, than that it was intended to admit of a view 
of the church from these stairs, with which it was evidently 
connected. It was about half way up the tower, and the 
greater part was cut away in constructing the screen at the 
back of the gallery, the timbers of which are fixed in this 
wall, and in making an opening through it to get to the 
belfry. For what purpose such a ivew of the church was 



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MABESFIELD. 145 

needed, supposing my conjecture to be right, it would now 
be difficult to form a notion. 

In one of the Register Books of the Archbishops of Can- 
terbury in the library of the palace at Lambeth, reference is 
made to a deed of John Duke of Lancaster, in the Duchy 
Office at Gray's Inn (fol: 48), by which Gilbertinus de 
Aquila gives to the church of Maresfield, towards its endow- 
ment, an annual rent of 60s., and divers lands in the parish. 

There are in Maresfield no gentlemen's houses of any great 
antiquity. The Park House, the seat of Sir John Villiers 
Shelley, Bart., M.P., which is the principal house in the 
parish, is a comparatively modern residence, the late Sir John 
having added rooms to the south of the not very ancient 
Newnham residence, called the Cross, which he inherited 
through his mother Wilhelmina, the daughter and heiress 
of John Newnham, Esq. Although the name of Shelley 
occurs frequently in the Register Books, from 1542 to 1648, 
the family of the present baronet had been unconnected with 
Maresfield until the Newnham property fell to his father 
by entail, in default of Newnham heirs male. The ancient 
knightly family of Shelley was for many years settled at Michel- 
grove, in Clapham, which they obtained by marriage with a 
lady of the Falconer family, who had previously possessed it, 
and who had assumed the territorial name of Michelgrove. 
Judge Shelley is supposed to have built a mansion upon it 
in the time of Henry VIII., whom he is said to have enter- 
tained there. The founder of the family came to this country 
from Normandy with the Conqueror. The present baronet 
is the most extensive landowner in Maresfield. 

Another residence upon a large scale is Twyford Lodge, now 
occupied by Robert Trotter, Esq. This house, which is situated 
in that distant part of the parish which I have already des- 
cribed as Stumblewood, is more modern even than the Park 
House, having been built by the late General Sewell, father 
of the present proprietor, who inherited the estate from 
his uncle, William Sewell, Esq., one of the six Clerks in 
Chancery. 

About two centuries ago William Newnham, Esq., of the 
Cross, purchased a large tract of forest land called Pipping- 
ford, which he enclosed and partly planted with trees. This 

XIV. V 

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146 MJIBESFIBLD. 

subsequently came by purchase into the hands of William 
Bradford, Esq., who built a house upon it in which he resided. 
At his death it was sold to Mr. Henry Shirley, who made large 
additions to the house, and by the carelessness of whose servants 
in preparing it for his reception after his marriage in 1836 
it was destroyed by fire. Happening on the fifth of Novem- 
ber the conflagration was mistaken for a large bonfire, so that 
but little aid was rendered by the residents of the neighbour- 
hood in the attempt made to extinguish it. The estate was 
then sold to a Mr. Gordon, who died soon after he purchased 
it, and it passed to Mr, Mortimer, the present proprietor, who 
has erected a spacious house upon it, a part of which he 
now occupies. The views from this house are very extensive. 

Forest Lodge, the property of Captain William Noble, is 
another modern-built house, upon a somewhat smaller scale ; 
but erected and kept up in good taste, and upon the whole a 
comfortable residence. The present possessor has much im- 
proved it. 

The two houses of the greatest antiquity in Maresfield are 
the house to the south of the church, called " The Park," and 
** Marshall's." By whom the former was built I have not 
been able to ascertain; but find from the registers, that 
during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries it was inhabi- 
ted by a family of the name of Bootes, or as it is spelled in 
the earlier registers — Rutes ; but whether as proprietors or 
tenants only I am unable to say. Another branch of the 
same family was the proprietor of, and resided at Holmes- 
dale, in Fletching; in addition to which he was the lay im- 
propriator of the great tithes of that parish. Which of the 
two was the elder branch does not appear. Mr. Ralph 
Bootes was living in the Park house in 1620; and it seems 
to have continued the residence of his descendants for about 
a century later. There is every appearance of a well- 
timbered park having been attached to it. Until the year 
1850, the estate once belonging to this house, including the 
advowson of the church, formed a part of the domain of 
Viscount Gage, when it was purchased by Sir J. V. Shelley, 
Bart. The advowson has since been alienated from it. 

The burial of the following servants of an early possessor 
of the estate of this family are mentioned in the register. 



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MABESFI£LD. 147 

1585, Thomas Curtreke, servant to Mr. Rootes. William, 
a lackey of Mr. J. Rootes. 1586, Alyce Cadwell, servant of 
Mr. Rootes. 1592, Thomas Nutterell, servant to Mr. 
Rootes. 

The present house at Marshalls was erected by Mr. Nutt; 
and though as far as the plan was carried out it is in the 
Elizabethan style, the original design evidently being a 
centre with a porch, and two side wings, the centre and one 
of the wings only was built. It was, however, erected long 
subsequent to the reign of Elizabeth. From the last of the 
Nutts it passed to his nephew, Mr. Holford, at whose death 
it went to Mr. Holford's nephew of the same name, one of 
the present Members of Parliament for Gloucestershire, who 
sold it soon after it came to him to Sir J. V. Shelley. It is 
a stone building, and is finished off with balls at the angles of 
each of the gables. In the first Mr. Holford's time it was 
much neglected, a portion of it being occupied as a farm 
house; but upon its coming into Sir J. V. Shelley's 
possession he expended a considerable sum upon it, and it is 
now a very comfortable residence. The staircase of the 
house is of oak, and handsome. 

Marshalls is first mentioned in the registers in 1643. The 
name occurs in an instance of lay baptism, of which several 
are recorded about this time. The entry states that John 
Rofe (the corrupt pronunciation of Relphe, a name also of 
some consequence in the parish), was baptized at Marshalls, 
by Mr. Clipper (being ill). As Mr. Nutt, the owner of 
Marshalls, married a Miss Relphe, the Relphes might have 
been the previous proprietors of Marshalls, and Mr. Nutt 
have become possessed of the property by this marriage* Who 
Mr. Clipper was is not mentioned. He wad probably a 
neighbour called in to baptize this child. 

A large house built and occupied by Mr. William Newn- 
ham, and called " Stretehotise," stood for many years oppo- 
site to the church, on the north side. This was taken down 
a few years ago, by Sir J. V. Shelley, and the present elabo- 
rate entrance archway and lodge built upon its site. 

Another residence of aome^ though perhaps no very great 
antiquity, and evidently erected for a better purpose than 
that to which it is at present applied, stands at the western 

V 2 

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148 MABESFIELD. 

entrance of the village on the right hand, adjoining the par- 
sonage premises. This is stated to have been built and oc- 
cupied by a younger branch of the Relphes, of Marshalls. 

The melancholy circumstances attending the death of a 
female of this family, resident in Buxted, and of a gentle- 
man named Atkinson, to whom she was affianced, was deemed 
by Mr. Mitchell, the then rector of Maresfield, of sufficient 
interest to merit something more than a mere formal register 
of their buriaL He has therefore recorded them in a Latin 
note ;* and they are certainly, as Mr. Mitchell commences by 
saying, worthy of being delivered down to posterity. The 
entries of their burial are : — 

1742. Dec'. 14*, buried Mrs. Mary Relfe, of 

Buxted. 
1742. Dec'. 19% Mr. James Atkinson, of 

London. 

A mutual attachment, he continues, had for some time ex- 
isted between them, and the day fixed for their marriage was 
close at hand, when a special messenger unexpectedly arrived 
in London, where Mr. Atkinson appears to have held some 
publick appointment, for the purpose of announcing the sad 
intelligence of the dangerous illness of the lady. He hastened 
to Buxted, and found the object of his dearest affections at 
the point of death. Gratified by the sight of her lover, and 
at this proof of his sincere attachment to her, she revived 
a little at the sight of him, and lived, contrary to all expec- 
tation, two days after his arrival, during which time he con- 
tinued by her bedside, administering to her wants, and refus- 
ing to take food, or to be in any way comforted. She died 
on the evening of Sunday, on which day, sick in body, but 
much more sick in mind, he took to his bed, and there lay, 
overpowered by the intensity of his grief, and praying con- 
tinually for reUef by death, until the following Sunday, when 
he died at the very same hour in the evening that she ex- 
pired ; his death having taken place the day she was buried, 
and he himself being buried the very day they were to have 
been married. They are interred, side by side in the 

« This note Ib given in Vol. IV., p. 247. 



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MAKESFIELD. 149 

churchyard of this parish, at the east end of the chancel. 
As the name of Atkinson occurs frequently in the registers 
ahout this time, the broken-hearted swain in this case was 
probably a native of Maresfield, as well as the lady to whom 
he was so devotedly attached. 

The registers commence from the period of the first estab- 
lishment of these parochial records, viz. : the 30*^ of Henry 
VIII. (1538). They are in a tolerably perfect state, and 
have been well kept. One only is missing, which is 
supposed to have been destroyed when the old parsonage house 
was burned in the year 1811; there are, too, omissions of a 
few years in those that remain. Of the curious matter they 
contain, some extracts have been already given in a paper 
upon Parish Registers, compiled by our present Secretary, 
Mr. Blencowe, and given in Vol. IV., p. 244. These, then, 
there is no need to notice farther. My extracts shall be con- 
fined to such other entries and memoranda as are deserving 
of a passing observation, and for which room could not be 
found upon that occasion. 

It is singular that in the year 1538, three males and four 
females only were baptized, two couples married, and one 
male and four females buried; and of these five burials three 
were children; that in 1540, one male and one female only 
were baptized, there were no marriages, and one male only 
was buried; and that in 1541, three males and three females 
were baptized, but there are no entries either of marriages or 
burials. Judging from this, the population of Maresfield 
must have been at that time small indeed, for now the bap- 
tisms average at about fifty two, the marriages at six, and 
the burials at forty-five per annum. From 1556 to 1588 the 
names of the sponsors in each baptism are added. 

Among those who are described as "generosi," or who 
have the prefix of Mr. in these registers, names are found 
connected with some of the ancient Sussex families of note ; 
such as Pope of Kendall, and Chaloner of Lindfield, which 
occur in 1572. 

Among the burials in 1559 are " Dominus Willielmus 
Lunnysdel," who in the entry of his burial in 1559, is 
described as "presbiter, curatus de Marsfeld," and John 
Langworth, who was probably a relative of Dr, Langworth, 



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150 KABESFI£LD. 

one of the Rectors of Buxted, prependary of Canterbury, and 
Archdeacon of Bath and Wells. In 1643, " Mrs. Susan 
Bellyngham, dyinge at Mr. Graye's, was buried;" and in 
1690, the names of Mr. John Bethune of East Grinstead, 
Mr. Lewknore, Mr. Joseph Ferrers, and Mr. James Gyldsridge, 
occur. 

In 1665, Mr. Thomas Pellatt was married toMrs. Ann Michel- 
borne. A branch of the ubiquitous Michelbome family ap- 
pears to have been early settled in Maresfield, as the name 
frequently 6ccurs from the commencement of the Registers. 
Mr. Pellatt was probably a scion of the family of this name, 
long resident at Courthouse in Steyning; and in 1699, 
Nicholas Longley, gentleman, was married to Bridget Cul- 
pepper. The name of Saxby, or as it is written in the 
earlier Register books, Saxpies and Saxbyes, of Oldland, 
occurs as early as 1570. The notorious name of John Cade 
appears as a Sponsor in 1569, and Thomas Cade in 1571. 
In 1716, Thomas Wilson, gent., and Mary Hutchinson were 
married; in 1720, Mr. Nutt of Marshalls, and Miss Eolfe; 
and in 1738, Richard Stapley and Martha Burt, who are 
described as both of Cuckfield. The above Mr. Wilson after- 
wards became the fourth Baronet. At the time of his mar- 
riage he was resident at Uckfield, where he was buried in 
1769. The Hutchinsons were a highly respectable family 
living in Maresfield. Richard Stapley was of the Hickstead 
Place family.* In 1759, Mr. Sackvyle Olyve, late of the 
wine license office London, was buried. There is a tomb 
erected to his memory on the south side of the church. 
There are also several old tombs in the same part of the 
churchyard to the memory of different members of a family 
named Hothe^ which was of considerable antiquity in the 
parish. They were the proprietors and occupiers of Lam- 
pool, being described as such^ as early as 1557, and they 
appear to have held it two centuries later. The name is 
evidently territorial, as they are first described as "atte 
Hothe;" but at a later period as "de la Hole," " apud 
pontem," and " de la Stagno," which is Lampool latinized. 
Of the Kidders of Maresfield I have already given an account 
in Vol. IX., pp. 125 to 138. 

• See Pedigree, Vol. IL, p. 107. 



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MARESFIELD. 151 

Among the baptisms the following memorandum occurs — 
" 1642, Mary Turner, the daughter of Nicholas Turner, of 
flfarley, near Maidstone, in Kent, beinge in the fight at Chi- 
chester, and travaylinge homeward, his wife was delivered of 
the said child in this parish, and was baptized the 22nd day 
of ffebruary. Witnesse thereunto, John Jarrettand Richard 
Norman, the wife of Thomas Hilles, and the wife of the said 
Richard Norman." 

*^ The fight" here alluded to is that which took place 
during this year between the adherents of the ill-fated 
Charles L, under Sir Edward Ford, of the Park, in East 
Harting, the Sheriff of Sussex at the time, and the Parlia- 
mentarian army. Sir Edward having aroused the loyal 
gentry of West Sussex, at once placed himself at their head; 
and having invited Lord Hopton to join them, they made 
Chichester their head-quarters on account of its being a for- 
tified town. But before they were fully prepared for an 
attack. Sir William Waller, sent by Lord Essex to interrupt 
their proceedings, came upon them by surprize, and drove 
them out of the city ; and it remained in the hands of the 
Parliamentarians for six years afterwards. For an account 
of this fight, and of the troubles occasioned in Sussex by the 
Civil wars of that period, see Vol. V. p. 36. 

Singular descriptions and designations are to be found 
attached to some of the entries. For instance, an illegiti- 
mate child is thus described, " et, ut in rure aiunt, filia unius 
hominis vocatur." Robertus Kidd is called " filius matris 
suae." Margaret " commonly called beggar," and " Beggar 
Yeomans," are mentioned ; and among the earlier entries are to 
be found *^ Margaret Whytyng, a walking woman ; " " Men- 
dicus quidam Wastulus ; " " John Taylor, a Chapman," and 
" John Gynner, Cortoris," i. e. a poulterer, cors, cortis, being 
a place to fatten chickens in, and the fatting of chickens for 
the London market being carried on to a very considerable 
extent here. 

Faintnot is the only puritanical christian name I have met 
with in the registers; and this occurs but once. In 1744 
is the following entry, " Buried William, the son of George 
Feldwic, who was killed by accident, in shooting on the 
Lord's day." 



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152 MABESFIELD. 

In Maresfield, as elsewhere, the Register books appear to 
have been made use of by the parish guardians or church- 
wardens, at one period, for recording the annual passing of 
their accounts, and other parochial memoranda. On the 
first page of the second Register, which embraces a space of 
about fifty-one years, commencing with 1599, the foUowing 
notes occur: 

" Memorandum, that on the 17th day of November, 1606, 
two several bonds were made and taken to Peter Millard and 
John Hawkins, churchwardens of Maresfield, and their suc- 
cessors, to the use of the Parish, for the discharging of all 
costs and charges incurred in the education and bringing upp 
of a man child, after named Johne, borne in Robert Highstead's 
howse, and brought upp by Richard Weller, of Maresfield ; and 
bonds from John and Richard Weller for xiiij yeares in 
the summe of twenty pounds ; the other bond from John 
Ball, of Boxley, in the county of Kent, for ever after, in the 
sum of forty pounds. These bonds are delivered to Peter 
Millard, to the use aforesaid, the day and year above-men- 
tioned." 

After this follow records of the passing of these bonds from 
the old to the new Churchwardens ; and then — " this child did 
dye, and was buried at Marsefld the third day of May, 
1610." Both memoranda are signed "per me Ricardum 
Taylor, Rectorem." 

This " man child " was doubtless the illegitimate son of 
John Ball ; and the bond for forty pounds intended to in- 
demnify the parish officers against any expense they might 
be put to in his maintenance and education. At a somewhat 
later period I find in the parish ledger reference to several 
bonds of a like nature, the indemnifying sum in one of them 
being as high as £200, and in another £150. 

Another note on the same page is as follows : — 

" Mem. : that there was a collection to be made by the 
letters patent of our Sovereign Lord the King's Majesty, 
dated the 24*"* day of July, in the 13'"* year of his raigne of 
England, for the relief of one Henry Hughes of Dachett, in 
the county of Buckingham, for one whoale year to endure, 
as appeareth by the Briefe in the chest in the chancel, putt 
and left there by me before James Marchant churchwarden, 



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MARESFIELD. 153 

and others, this 4*** day of July, 1619, by virtue of which 
briefe there was a collection made in the church of Maresfield 
the 13^** day of March following, the xiiij* of his Majesty's 
raigne; and there was collected iij' and viij**, which was 
never callyd for by any ; for which cause I do returne the 
money into the hands of the churchwardens and overseers of 
this parish, for the use of the parish, if that the money be 
never rightly claymed; this proviso being granted by the 
consent of the officers now present, that if it be at any time 
hereafter demanded, the common stock or book of the year 
shall make it good, so as to discharge me. Dated this iiij*** 
day of July, 1619, in the sixteenth year of his Majesty's" 
(James I) " Rayne." Then follow the signatures of the 
rector and churchwardens. 

A book for recording Briefs read in Maresfield Church, 
and the sum collected upon each, was kept here from 1664 
to 1759. Such a record I never met with before. The his- 
tory of this book is somewhat remarkable. Its existence 
was not known in the parish until it was kindly given to 
me by Mr. John Fearon in 1851, it having been in Oaken- 
dean house, Cuckfield, in his and his father's time, for up- 
wards of half a century. How it came there he was unable 
to inform me. The first entry in it is as follows: — " 1664, 
May, collected towards Withyham church-building, 7' 8**." 
This was the first brief granted for aid in repairing the dam- 
age done to this church by lightning the preceding year. 
But as the sum thus raised was found insufficient, owing to 
the intervention of the Plague in the cities of London and 
Westminster in 1665, and the great fire of London in 1666, 
which prevented a collection being made in them and in 
the adjoining counties, a second brief was granted in 1668, 
extending to those cities, and to the Borough of Southwark, 
as well as to the counties of Middlesex, Kent, Essex, Hert- 
ford, Hampshire, Norfolk, and Somerset. The damage sus- 
tained by this fire was estimated at £1860. A person who 
saw the Church just after it had been struck, says that " it " 
(the lightning), " came in at the Steeple, melted the bells, 
and went up to the chancel, where it tore the monuments of 
the Dorset family to pieces." 

XIV. w 

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154 MABESFIELD. 

Other Collections for the relief of Sussex cases of need, 
public and private, as entered in this book, are, " 1665, 
September 8***, collected for a fire at Kotherfield, 4' 10*." 
"March 11^ for a fire at East Deane, 5' 1^" "1685, 
August 23"*, collected for Aston, (Alciston ?), in Sussex, 
2*." "1692, December 25*, towards the briefe for 
Tunbridge Wells, 2* 6*." "170|, January 3rd, towards Rye 
church, with others, 15\" "1714, October 2l8t, for 
New Shoreham church, 3'." 1721, June 26th, for 
Amberley church, 4' 9**." 1722, for Brighthelmstone, 
£2 6 6." " 1751, June 23rd, for Storrington church, 4' 6*;" ex- 
penses of repairs stated to be estimated at £1650. In 1665 
a collection was made " for the reliefe of the poore visited by 
the Plague in London;" and in 1666 "for the poore suffer- 
ing by y* exceeding great fire in London." The former 
realized 9* the latter 13*. " Collected towards the re- 
building of St. Paul's church in London, £1 1 1." The 
greatest sum received at any one time was in 1680, "for the 
reliefe of the poore distressed Protestants of Ireland;" when 
£4 9 1 was collected; £1 10 5 having been collected the 
preceding year " towards the relief of the poore distressed 
flfrench Protestants." 

In the middle of Register 1, are several pages referring to 
Churchwardens' accounts, passed at different periods. The 
first is — 

" This by 11 made the xxiiij*^ daye of December, in the 
yeare of our Lord 1543, wytnessythe that John Hoyth 
(Hothe) and Thomas Atherwode, Chyrchewardyns of the 
parisshe of Marsfyld, haythe a countyd with the Parysshe 
the daie and yere abovesayd; and all thyngs a countyd for 
and allowyd, they owye to the Parysshe 8' 6i**; and lyffe in 
the Chyrchewardyns' hands 61bs. of waxe." 

Following this are thirteen other memoranda, certifying 
the correctness of statements presented annually by the 
different Churchwardens of their receipts and expenditure to 
the year 1562. Of these the most worthy of notice are 
the two following : 

" Anno Domini 1557, xxv"* die Decembris, 
guardiani Alexander Ellys, 

John Otryngham. 



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MABESFIELD. 155 

The said churchwardens gave upp their accompte the 
xxv*^ day of December, anno domini 1557, and accomptyd for 
xxiiij' and ix** gatheryd and receyved of Hoggeweller, 
and for vij' receyved of John Monke thelder, for dette 
which he did owe to the church. So that the whole 
some of monye which they accomptyd for extendyth to xxxj' 
and ix**. They did also farther accompte for iij" and iiij**, a 
legacye gy ven to the churche by John Attheral ; and for a 
chalyce sometime belongyng to the chappel of Nottlye. The 
whiche said legacye and chalyce they have receyved to the 
use of the churche of John Petty t thelder, of Nottlye; also 
a newe albe, with an amysse ; and so clerely dischargyd the 
sayd John Pettyt from any further payment of the said 
legacye and chalyce. 

This Nottley chalyce no longer exists. It was probably 
got rid of when the present chalice was adopted towards the 
middle of the seventeenth century, which is of silver gilt, and 
has a cover. Around the chalice is this inscription : *' This 
cupp and cover doth beelonge to the parrysshe churche of 
Maesfield; anodom: 1635." On the cover too, which is evi- 
dently intended to be used as a paten, there is the same date, 
"Anno Dni 1635." 

Mem : that John Hylls hay the accomptyd and reckonyd 
with Simon Kidder, paryshe clerke of Marsfyld; and hay the 
receyvyd of the sayd Symon, in the name of Mr. Robert 
Taylor, parson of Marsfyld, for the oblations of marryages, 
puryfyings, chrystenynges, buryinges, and holybrade, feom 
the ffeast of Pentecost, in anno predicto, unto the xxv*** daye 
of Decembre, in dicto anno, x' and viiji**, and iij' for 
chrysomes." 

The signification of the term " Holybrade " here made 
use of, and the emoluments comprehended under it, I 
am unable to explain. For though it is not unfre- 
quently met with in descriptions of the rights and 
privileges of spiritual persons in a parish, I have never 
been able to find any very satisfactory account given 
of its meaning and application. In difierent parts of the 
parish of Rustington,near Littlehampton, there are small plots 
of ground, amounting in the whole to about two acres, which 
are called by this name; and which Mr. Cartwright, in his 

w 2 



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156 MABESFIELD. 

history of the Rape of Arundel, thinks were so designated 
because they are cultivated by the spade and foot; and he 
considers them to be alluded to in the ordination deed of the 
vicarage under the clause " et omnes decimas provenientes 
de terra ortorum sive curtelagiorum infra villam et parochiam 
de Rustington, quse cum spatha ac pedibus fodiuntur, calcan- 
tur, et coluntur, et quae antiquitus pedibus fodi consueverunt, 
sed nunc per paucitatem hominum arantur." But why 
should plots so cultivated be called Holybrades ? Although un- 
able to advance a better explanation of the term, I must con- 
fess that this does not satisfy me. The name appears to me 
to have some much higher and holier origin. 

The following copy of the court roll shews, that in 1524, 
the parish of Maresfield possessed a property called " the 
Mount," consisting of a tenement and three and a half acres 
of land. 

" Marysfyld. Ad curiam tentam ibidem vij** die aprilis 
anno Regis Henrici viij""*, xv*", venit Johannes Norman senior, 
et sursum reddit in manus Regis unum tenementum et tres 
acras dimid : terre nove assarte, vocate Mounds, jacentes in 
Marysfyld, ad opus Thome Raynard, Johannis Keddar, senior, 
Johannis Keddar, junior, Thome Atherwode, Johannis at 
Hothe, junior, et Johannis Norman, senior, flfeoffatores ad 
nsum et proficuum totius parochie, qui presentes in Curia 
admissi sunt secundum consuetum Manerii. Et dant Domino 
de Relev : ut patet in Rot : Cur : viz. quantum redd : per 
annum." Its correctness is then certified. " Concordat cum 
veri\ copifi., anno Domini 1574, per me, Edwardum Watmouth, 
Rectorem ibidem." The Manor of Maresfield was then vested 
in the crown. 

Upon this Mr. Mitchell indignantly remarks in a note 
referring to it, "Copia ex Rotulis Manerii de Marsfield, 
unde patet, domum quandam, cum tribus acris, nomine 
Mounds (Mowynds) ad parochiam tunc pertinuisse, quae 
nunc vi et iniquitate temporum periere." In 1543, this 
parish property was leased for three years to Simon Kidder, 
at lO** per annum. 

The accounts of the churchwardens of Rye show, that about 
this time the church of their parish was entitled to a rent from 
certain lands called " Mounts." In Jevington too there are 



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MARESFIELD. 157 

lands, the property of the executors of the late Earl of Liver- 
pool, called " Munts," or " Mounts ;" but whether they were 
at any time the property of the church I am unable to say. 

The next entry in these accounts is a memorandum of the 
flfeoffees, accounting with the parish next year for the pro- 
ceeds of this property. There is also an entry of the date 
of 1651, to the effect that " the brazen sun dyal cost on 
shilling, f." 

From May 1st, 1695, to April, 1697, 4s. is added after 
the entry of each burial, except that of Lewis, the son of 
John Newnham, Esq., and Mary his wife, which is marked 
£1 4 0, and 2s. after each baptism. 

The Manor of Maresfield was holden of the Honour of 
Aquila by the 20th part of a Knight's fee. It is very ex- 
tensive, running through the townships of Maresfield, Nutley, 
Buxted, Withyham, Hartfield, Eastgrinstead, Westhothly, 
and Fletching. It was the property of John of Gaunt, having 
become so upon his surrendering the Earldom of Richmond. 
The two manors of Marshalls and Mascots are held of that 
of Maresfield ; Dudleswell Manor is independent of it. It 
became a Royal Manor by its passing, with the other estates 
of the Duke of Lancaster to his son Henry, Duke of Here- 
ford and Earl of Derby, who succeeded to the throve as 
Henry IV. ; and it so continued until the 27th of Henry VIII., 
when it was granted by the Crown to Sir John Gage, the 
Chancellor of the Duchy, in whose descendant. Viscount Gage, 
it is now vested. Duddleswell Manor belongs to the Earl 
of Delawarr; Marshalls to Sir J. V. Shelley, Bart.; and 
Mascots to the Trustees under the will of the late Major 
Cranstone. 

The ancient customs of the Maresfield manor are, the best 
beast as a heriot on the- decease of a person dying seized* of 
one or more freehold tenement or tenements. On death or ^ 
the alienation of a freehold, a relief of one year's quit rent is 
due. The tenements of several copyholders are subject to 
heriots certain on death or alienation. On the death of any 
person seized at the time of one or more copyhold tenement 
or tenements not subject to a heriot certain, the best beast is 
due, and the same also on surrender, if the surrenderer parts 
with all his copyhold tenements, which are heriotable in 



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158 KARESFIELD. 

kind, otherwise no such heriot is due. Several copyhold 
tenements are subject to fines certain on admission; for 
every other a year's quit rent only is due, as a relief on the 
admission of any person claiming otherwise than by descent. 

Besides money payments, two properties in this manor are 
subject to other claims, viz. Marshalk and Sedgers, both a 
part of the Nutt property. Marshalls is subject, over and 
above 5s. 9^., to the render of one, and Sedgers, besides Is., 
to that of two broad arrows and a hen. These are the only 
instances in Maresfield of lands subject to such claims. All 
manorial lands, out of the parish and within this manor ap- 
pear to be subject to the customary render of a broad arrow. 
This is the case with Barkham, which is another subinfeuda- 
tion of the Maresfield manor. The broad arrows are usually 
compounded for at 6d. each ; the bushels of oats, to the pay- 
ment of which some tenements are subject, at Is. per bushel ; 
and the hens, the rendering of which is the remnant of an 
old Saxon custom, at 6d. each. 

There were three principal Iron works in Maresfield, those 
of "Oldland," "the Old Forge," just below Lampool, and "the 
Forge," at the southern extremity of the parish, on the site 
now occupied by the gunpowder works. Each had an ex- 
tensive hammerpond, now laid dry, but the limits of which 
may still be traced. At the " Old Forge " cannon were 
cast. The proof bank still remains, from which balls are fre- 
quently extracted. Two of these forges were worked within 
the memory of persons now living. The " Oldland Forge " 
is doubtless by far the most ancient of these Iron works ; 
what are now called " the cinders," by which must be under- 
stood " the slag," or refuse scoriae sSter the iron is run of, 
here covers many acres of land, at a depth of about two feet 
beneath the surface: its thickness varying from three to 
about five or six feet. That this was in operation during 
the Koman occupation of this country, and probably worked 
by the Romans themselves, is clearly shewn by the great 
quantity of Roman remains, such as coins, fibulae, tores, and 
pottery, both coarse and red, which were found here when 
the bed was used for the supply of materials for repairing the 
roads. For a full account of this discovery see Lower's Iron 
Works of Sussex, given in Vol. II, p. 169, of our Archseol. 



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MARESFIELD. 159 

Collections. Foreigners were much employed at these iron 
works, which accounts for the names of French and Dutch 
men occurring in the Register books, more particularly from 
1540 to the end of that century. John Jarratt, a hammer- 
man, and another John Jarratt, a founder, are also men- 
tioned. Among the iron masters we find in the same 
records 1580, Mr. Ralphe Hogge, who married Margaret, 
daughter of Edmond Henslow, master of the game in Ash- 
downe forest (see ante p. 67) ; 1609, Mr. Bamabye Hodgson; 
and at a rather later period, Mr. Randall Mannyng, Mr. 
Thomas Gray, or as his name is usually written Graie; Mr. 
Anthony Goldsmith, and Mr. John Plummer. 

The following list of the incumbents of Maresfield, is 
taken partly from the Episcopal and partly from the Paro- 
chial Registers. Those from the Episcopal Registers are — 
1404. — Thomas Ludlow, . . Patron, The King. 

To this Incumbent Bishop Reade granted a 
licence for non- residence for twelve months, 
at the request of Constantia, Domina de 
Spencer, to enable him to prosecute his stu- 
dies. (Reg. Reade, fol. 105) 

1426.— WUliam Suthby The King. 

1440.— Roger Mersh, ...... Ditto. 

Upon the resignation of William Suthby. 

1446.— John Treke The King. 

Upon the resignation of Roger Mersh. 
1470. — Richard Richardson .... Ditto. 

1504.— Thomas Sewell Ditto. 

Upon the death of Richard Richardson. 
1519. — Thomas Bankbourne .... Ditto. 

1539.— Henry Simon Ditto. 

Upon the death of Thomas Bankbourne. 
Those from the Parochial Registers are to be found on the 
fragment of a leaf at the end of Register 1, and is a complete 
list from the 32nd of Henry VIII. to the present time. It 
is as follows : — Mr. Robert Taylor, Mr. Mawdesley, Mr. 
Watmouth, Mr. Payne, Mr. Springett, Mr. Waylett, Mr. 
Taylor, Mr. Oldfield, Mr. Wattes, Mr. Pipe, Mr. Middleton, 
Mr. Bonner, Mr. Kettleby, Mr. Lloyd, Mr. Mitchel, Mr. 
Rivett, Mr. Woodward, Mr. Turner. 



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160 MARESFIELD. 

From memoranda made in the different Register books, I am 
able to assign a date to the induction of most of the rectors 
there given. 

Robert Taylor was inducted October 28th, 1541. There 
is a note to this effect in Register 1, p. 5, which states, 
" Hie inscribuntur nomina eorum, qui baptizantur a 28** die 
Octobris, anno regni Regis Henrici octavi 33, quo die Ro- 
bertus Taylor inductus erat in realem possessionem Rectorise 
Parochialis de Marsfeld." " Incipitur annus," says Mr. 
Mitchell, in speaking of the dates in this Register, " die quo 
Henricus octavus regnum suscepit, scilicet Aprilis 22"*." And 
again in 1548, " anno primo Edwardi Sexti," he remarks, 
" Incipit annus sicut antea sub Henrico 8"^." 

Thomas Mawdesley was inducted in the year 1561, as 
appears by the following note at the top of page 115 of the 
same Register, " Notum sit quod Thomas Mawdesley induc- 
tus erat in Realem." The particular day is not mentioned; 
but the note has a manifest reference to the year immediately 
following. He was therefore probably inducted at the com- 
mencement of that year. On the 4th of March, he was cer- 
tainly rector; for in a baptism which took place on that day, 
(see p. 20) in which his wife was one of the Sponsors, she is 
described as " Alicia uxor Thomas Mawdesley Rectoris;" "quo 
puto," (says Mr. Mitchell, who is of the same opinion) "eum 
esse inductum. Anno enim priori memoratur Lawder, quem 
Taylorijam grandaevo curatumfuisse,quam Mawdesley juveni, 
midto magis probabile est; praesertim cum biennium mansis- 
set." The circumstance to which Mr. Mitchell alludes in 
this note as affecting Mr. Michael Lawder is, that be is 
called in the entry alluded to " presbiter," being so described 
as a sponsor in 1559, p. 11. And in another entry in the 
same page he is called "Clericus." He is designated 
" Dominus Michael Lawder," and represented as " tunc de 
Marsfeld." Mr. Mitchell seems to have overlooked the cir- 
cumstance of Mr. Mawdesley being called "Rector" at 
page 20. 

Edward Watmouth. Of the particular time of induc- 
tion of this rector, the Register gives us no information. He is 
first so described May 25***, 1567, (Register 1, p. 29), in an 
entry as sponsor, and called " Edmund Watmouth parson ;" and 



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MARESFIELD- 161 

again January 13***, 1569, he is described as ^'Edmund 
Watmouth, dark," There is an entry of his burial. Sept'. 
1"*, 1580, (p. 129), where he is called Edward, and stated to 
be " parson of this parish of Maresfield." He married Jane 
Gydlowe in 1570, (see p. 48). His wife appears to have 
been a very active and useful person in the parish ; as she 
is often mentioned as a sponsor to children baptized ; and 
once or twice as privately baptizing herself. 

Nicholas Payne, was inducted October 22nd of the same 
year (Reg. 1, p. 52). He is described as "parson;" and 
appears to have died in 1591 • He and his wife Arable are 
often mentioned as sponsors. She died and was buried at 
Maresfield, November 2nd, 1588 (p. 140). 

Raphe Springate was of an ancient Sussex family, long 
settled at the Broyle, in Ringmer. He became Rector of 
Maresfield in 1591, as appears by the following note in Eeg. 
1, p. 147, which is inserted after the first entry, the date of 
which is June 20th — " Att this time Mr. Springett came 
in." He died in 1601, (Reg. II, page 50). The entry of 
his burial is, " Raphe Springate, being parson of this parish 
of Marsfyld, was buried Nov. 20th." 

George Waylett. Of this incumbent the Registers 
give us but little information. That he came to the living 
in 1601 is, I think, to be inferred from the following memo- 
randum entered in Register II, p. 4 : " The third day of 
January, in the year of our Lord 1601, juxta, I, George 
Waylett, parson of Marsfeld, did reade the Booke of Articles, 
intituled — Articles whereupon it was agreed by the Arch- 
bisshopps and Bysshopps of both provinces, holden at London, 
in the year 1562. In witnesse whereof these men, whose 
names follow here, subscribe themselves : Anthony Gouldsmith, 
Philip Redder, and James Burgess, churchwardens; Samuel 
Hoode, Thomas Graie." Mr. Waylett was buried January 
30th, 1605. See Reg. II, p. 53. 

Richard Taylor probably took possession of the living 
in 1605. There is however no note of his having done so. 
The first intimation of his incumbency is found in the follow- 
ing memorandum : " The Articles of the Church of England, 
agreed upon in 1562, and commonly called the 39 Articles, 
were read by me, Richard Taylor, parson of Maresfield, the 

XIV X 

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162 MABESFIELD. 

9th day of March, 1605, in the audience and presence of the 
parishioners, per me, Richard Taylor : Thomas Upton, church- 
warden, Anthony Gouldsmith, Thomas Norman, Samuel 
Hoode, cum multis aliis." The name of this Rector appears 
at the foot of the page on which are the entries of 1605-6, 
and all the succeeding years until 1638, as follows — " per 
me Ric. Taylor, Rectorem." In that year among the burials 
occurs " Richard Taylor, Minister and Rector of the parish 
of Marsfeld was buried the 20th day of February." (Reg. II, 
p. 74) He was interred in the chancel of the church, 
where a Sussex marble slab records the event. The in- 
scription is now almost obliterated. Some of his pre- 
decessors were interred in the same chancel. 

Thomas Oldfield. Of the induction of this incumbent 
Reg. II, p. 39, contains the following memorandum — 
" Thomas Oldfield, Clark and Master of Arts, was inducted 
into the Rectorye of Maresfield the five-and-twentyeth daye 
of February, 1638, and distinctlye read, and wiUinglye did 
condescend to all the articles agreed upon in the convocation 
holden at London in the year of our Lord God 1562, in the 
tyme of divine service, uppon sunday, beinge the thyrde daye 
of March, anno 1638, in the presence of Gershon Manny nge, 
Randall Mannynge, Thomas Rootes, Thomas Taylor, John 
Wiggens, and others." The page is signed at the foot " Thos. 
Oldfield, Rector." He must have been superseded in or 
about the year 1644, as his name appears at the bottom of 
p. 91, the last entry in which is dated the 16th day of March ; 
a conjecture which the account of the next incumbent seems 
to confirm. 

Wattes. The only mention I can find of this 

Incumbent is in the following note, entered in Reg. II, p. 44. 
"The 28th of July, 1644, a Minister, called Mr. Wattes, 
sent by the Committee, preached at our church at Mares- 
field." The Committee here alluded to was doubtless that to 
which Clarendon refers, when, in speaking of this critical 
period, he says, that fanaticism both political and religious 
had at this time arrived at th^ highest pitch of fervour to 
which it attained during the Commonwealth. In the year 
1643, the two houses of Parliament delegated their power to 
a Committee, who, as soon as the intelligence reached London 



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MARESFIELD. 163 

of the success of the Koyalists at the siege of Gloucester, 
which was expected to occasion the greatest consternation 
in the metropolis and the neighbouring counties, proceeded 
at once to prosecute and commit to prison, under the pre- 
tence of punishing the delinquency of the Royalist party, 
both Clergy and Laity, and to supply the parishes of the 
Clergy thus disturbed, with such as held puritanical doctrines, 
and were favorable to the use of the directory rather than 
the prayer book. That Mr. Oldfield had not been ejected 
at this time is plain, for we find him still performing the 
duties of the church and parish ; the very first baptism after 
the notice of Mr. Wattes' preaching, being expressly stated 
to be by Mr. Oldfield, and the next by Mr. Wattes ; while 
the third is stated to be performed " after the new fashion;" 
by sprinkling, that is, instead of dipping. Mr. Oldfield 
continued to baptize, and to sign the page at the foot, until 
December, when we find one or two baptisms by Mr. Wattes ; 
after this Mr. Oldfield's name does not again appear; and 
as the Register contains no allusion to his death, we may 
fairly conclude that he was ejected about this time, and Mr. 
Wattes left in undisturbed possession of the church and bene- 
fice. How long he continued so is not recorded. 

Pike is stated to have been the next Rector; but 

the Registers do not tell us at what time he entered on the 
duties of the Incumbency, or whether he vacated the prefer- 
ment by death or resignation. It is singular that the Register 
book of the particular period should not mention his name, 
or allude in any way to his having been Rector. His suc- 
cessor was 

MiDDLETON, who is supposcd to have been a 

member of a family of that name long resident in Maresfield, 
and who are often mentioned in the Register books, where 
they are invariably called " generosi." When his Incum- 
bency commenced, and how it terminated, we are not in any 
way informed. To him succeeded 

Richard Bonner; the date of whose induction is not 
mentioned, nor does his name occur in the Register books, 
except upon the occasion of his burial, which took place 
January 18th, 1692. He too was interred in the Chancel. 
In lowering the earth at the time of the extensive repairs in 

X 2 

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164 MARESFIELD. 

1837, the rude stone that covered his grave was discovered 
just without the CommunionRails, at the depth of about two 
feet below the surface. Its weight, arising from its unusual 
substance, had been the means of sinking it, probably when 
the grave in which he was interred gave way ; and being of the 
soft sandstone of the country, the inscription was almost worn 
away. Initheis called " Rector" and "ludi-magister. He was 
a benefactor to the parish, having bequeathed to it a cottage 
with a garden and croft thereto belonging, in Maresfield, and 
two rent-charges, one of two pounds and the other of ten 
shillings, both issuing out of a messuage and land in the 
parish of Ringmer, now belonging to Miss Moore. Out of 
the rent of the messuage and garden, and the 40s. rent- 
charge, the Trustees are to pay a schoolmaster, to be ap- 
pointed by them, whose duty it shall be to teach two poor 
children of the parish the English tongue, and to instruct 
them in the principles of the Christian Religion ; such school 
to be called " Bonner's School ;" first paying thereout the 
expense of all necessary repairs, and the value of a Bible, the 
cost of which is not to exceed 8s., to be given yearly to some 
poor child of the parish, under the age of 14, who in the opinion 
of the Rector shall be most deserving of it. The profits of this 
Charity are now added to the funds for the support of the 
National School. The Trustees are, the Rector of Mares- 
field, the Vicar of Fletching, and the senior churchwarden 
in point of age for the time being. The owner of the pro- 
perty on which the annuity is charged, in Ringmer, is 
bound, if called upon by the Trustees to do so, to pay it to 
them in the porch of Maresfield church, on the 6th of April 
in each year; on which day the additional rent charge of 
10s. is to be expended by the Trustees in an entertainment, and 
their accounts for the preceding year are to be submitted for 
inspection and approval. The charity yields about eight 
pounds per annum. I may here mention that there is another 
charity in the parish of one pound to the poor, to be paid 
quarterly, which is charged on a field now part of the Lower 
Spring Gardens farm, by whom founded is not known. The 
payment is of considerable antiquity, and the sum is now 
carried to the poor's rate. Horsfield imagines it to have 
been given as a rent charge by an early Lord of the Manor; 



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MARESFIELD. 165 

upon what authority he does not state. Mr, Bonner, was 
succeeded by 

Ralph Kettleby, the only mention of whose Incumbency 
in the Register books is in 1728, June 28***, where is the 
following record : " The Rev. Mr. Ralph Kettleby, rector, 
was buried." On a flat stone, now partially covered up by a 
pew at the west end of Berwick Church, is the following 
inscription to the memory of one of his family ; " sacred to 
the memory of the good and virtuous Mary, the wife of 
John Waters, and daughter of the Rev. Mr. Ralph Kettleby, 
rector of Maresfield. She died February 11% 1730, aged 
34 years." 

John Lloyd was inducted in the year 1728. He de- 
scribes himgriif as rector at the foot of the page, on which the 
deat^,j9f"ms predecessor is recorded. He was the first Master 
©fir. Anthony Saunder's school at Uckfield, where he died, 
and was buried in 1738. There is a small mural monu- 
ment to his memory at the east end of the chancel of the 
church, on the outside, to the south of the east window. 

Henry Michell, his successor, was instituted to the 
living, October 4% 1739, and inducted on the 10*** of the 
same month ; having been presented to it by Sir William 
Gage, Bart, and Knight of the Bath ; and to the vicarage of 
Brighton by the crown about five years afterwards. He 
received his academical education at Cambridge, and was for 
some time a Fellow of Clare Hall. He was a man of great 
classical attainments, as his published latin works abundantly 
testify. Mr. Clarke of Buxted in speaking of him in Nichols' 
Literary Anecdotes, says, that he was a man of great taste* 
and a sound judgment, in spite ^' of his reading Greek in the 
Country." He died and was buried at Brighton in 1789, 
after having held the living of Maresfield fifty, and that of 
Brighton forty-five years. He was of an old and highly 
respected Sussex family. At the end of the first year of burials, 
after he had taken possession, he made the following note : 
" Mortuis moriturus, H. Michell successit. Da probi mor- 
tem, Domine." And at the end of the marriage entries for 
1739, he remarks upon his coming into residence: "Paro- 
chiam suam adeunti H. Michell A. M. Rectori faveat Deus." 
At the end of the baptism of the year 1740, he remarks, 



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166 MABESFIELD. 

" Auspicium melioris aevi." He married in 1747, Dec'. 29*, 
Faith, the only daughter of the Rev. Francis Eeade, of 
Bedford, by whom he had sixteen children. In the 
record of their marriage in the Maresfield Register book, 
she is described as of Fletching. She died at Maresfield, 
and there is a small mural monument to her memory in 
the chancel. Mr. Michell died, and was buried at Brighton. 

Robert Rivett was inducted to the living in the year 
1790, and resigned it again in 1811, the year in which the 
parsonage was destroyed by fire. His wife, who was Louisa, 
the youngest daughter of Culling Smith, Esq., of Hadley, in 
Middlesex, died, and was buried at Maresfield. There is a 
marble monument to her memory in the chancel. 

George Woodward was inducted in 1811, and vacated 
the living by death, Dec. 6***, 1836. He was also vicar of 
Fletching, which preferment he held upwards of fifty, and 
rector of Wiggonholt with Greatham, which he held upwards 
of forty years, and which he resigned in 1832. 

Edward Turner, M.A., of Balliol College, Oxford, was 
instituted and inducted in April, 1837; having previously 
succeeded his predecessor in the incumbency of Wiggonholt 
and Greatham. This he vacated by the acceptance of Mares- 
field, to which he was presented by Viscount Gage. 

While upon the subject of the incumbents of Maresfield, I 
must not pass over in silence, a man of some note in his time, 
who, during the commonwealth, was ejected for nonconformity 
from the living of S*. Lawrence, in Kent, by the Bartholo- 
mew Act of 1662,* and who is represented as having pre- 
viously been rector of Maresfield. I allude to Mr. Peter John- 
stone. Of his ever having been the incumbent of Maresfield, 
I can find no trace either in the parochial, or in the Episco- 
pal Kegisters. Still the fact of his having served in some 
ministerial capacity here is indisputable. He is known to 
have had a daughter named Judith, who was borne in 1665; 
and among the baptisms of that year, I find the following 
entry, (Register III, p. 1): "Judeth Janson, the daughter 
of Mr. Peeter Janson, was baptized the xxvj*** day of July." 
From this then we may, I think, infer that he was resident 

' See Walker's Sufferings of the Clergy. 

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MABESFIELD- 167 

here at the time ; although the general belief is that he went 
to reside at S*. Lawrence in 1662. As he is known to have 
been bom in 1629, he could not have been old enough for 
ordination before 1650. He might, however, have been 
admitted to Holy Orders at a somewhat later period, and 
have commenced his ministerial career at Maresfield towards 
the year 1660. And as we have no account in the Register 
books of Mr. Oldfield's death, who entered on the incum- 
bency in 1638, and who was still discharging his ministerial 
duties in the parish in 1650, nor any clue to the date of the com- 
mencement of Mr. Pyke's incumbency, who is stated to have 
been the next rector, there might between these events have 
been an intervening time, during which Mr. Peter Johnstone 
supplied the duty, not as rector, for as a Presbyterian, he 
would have repudiated such a title, but as a quasi curate, 
possessing all the emoluments and exercising all the rights 
and privileges of a rector. He died at S*. Lawrence, and 
was interred there in the chancel of the church. 

From a descendant of his now living, a F.R.S., I learn, 
that Mr. Peter Johnstone was a Kentish man, and that his 
genealogy is not without historical as well as antiquarian 
interest. His descent was from Catherine Parr, the relict of 
Henry VIII. It is well known that after the King's death 
Catherine married Lord Thomas Seymour, brother to the 
former Queen, and Lord High Admiral of England. But it 
is not so generally known, that by him she had a daughter, 
born prematurely, her confinement being hastened by the 
great affliction brought upon her by her husband's execution, 
and the confiscation of all his property, and that in giving birth 
to this child she died. The poor little orphan was taken 
charge of and brought up by relatives, until she attained 
the age of 18, when she married Sir William Bushell, who 
resided in the Isle of Thanet, and by whom she had a 
daughter, who eventually married Mr. Silas Johnstone, first 
of Nether Court, and afterwards of Blacklands Court, near 
Canterbury; and from whom Mr. Peter Johnstone was a 
lineal descendant. 

The Nonse return for the parish of Maresfield is as follows : 

*' At an Inquisition taken at Lewes, March 17th, 1342, 

before Henry Husse and his associates, the appointed CoUec • 



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168 MARESFIELD. 

tors of the ninth of sheaves, wool, and lambs granted to Ed- 
ward III., upon the full value of the cliurch, the jurors were 
John Marshalls, William Marscot, Thomas Cannyle, and 
John de Colebroke, who declared upon their oaths, that the 
ninth part of the sheaves of the parish were valued that 
year at vij**; the ninth part of the wool at v*; and the same 
of lambs at XX**; amounting in the whole to vij" vj' viij**. 
They also say that there belonged to the Rectory a messuage 
with a curtelage and garden, and xij acres of arable land, 
valued at xx*; tithe of hay valued this year at x*; and of 
vetches at xiij' iiij**; and farther, that the Rector of the 
Church has in the Chace of Ashdowne pasturage for xx head 
of cattle, and pannage for xxiiij hogs, valued at xx' per 
annum, the tithe of a mill at x', and of the pannage and agist- 
ment of the Pare of Maresfield at x*, and oblations and other 
small tithes taxed at xxxvj'; the total amount of which falls 
short of XX marcs. They also declare that there are no 
" Cardinalia beneficia" in the parish ; nor any persons gain- 
ing their living otherwise than by agriculture. To the 
words " Cardinalia beneficia," which are often to be found in 
the Nonaa Inquisitiones, I am unable to assign any very 
satisfactory meaning It has been suggested to me that they 
signify " benefices with cure of souls," which seems to ac- 
cord with the quaint old Fuller's notion; who in his Worthies, 
says, under the head Cardinals, " anciently, cardinalis im- 
ported no more than an ecclesiastical person, beneficed and 
inducted into the cure of souls." 

The following wills of Maresfield residents are to be found 
among the earlier records of the Archdeaconry Court at 
Lewes. 

1545. Richard Kidder, the younger, after bequeathing 
his soul to the mercy of God, directs his " body to be buried 
in the churchyard of S^" Bartholomew, Maresfield." He then 
gives " to the hye Altar of Maresfield for tythes negligently 
paid viij**; to the mother church of Chiclmster ij**; to be 
bestowed at his burial vj* viij**; at his month's day x"; and 
at his yere's mind at the discretion of his executors." The 
residue of his property he bequeaths to his daughter Jone. 
The witnesses are " Thomas Raynard, Thomas Kidder, Robert 
Taylor, clerke, and others." Value of effects £8. 



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MARESFIELD. 169 

1546. John Hobson, after a similar disposal of his soul and 
body, gives " to the hye Altar iiij** ; to the reparation of the 
church iiij** ; to the poore people of the parishe at his burial 
a barrell of here, and. a dozen of brede ; and at his month's 
mind iij' iiij**." Among his bequests are a cow to each of 
his children — the name of the cow in each case — Nightingale 
to one, Beauty to another, &c., being mentioned. He makes 
William Roots his Executor, and Robert Taylor, parson of 
Maresfield, the supervisor of his will ; and to his executor he 
bequeaths iij* iiij**. The witnesses are Thomas Woodman, 
John at Hothe, and Robert Taylor, clerke. Value of effects 
£13 12s. 

1547. Thomas Tyler, husbandman, after directing his 
" bodye to be buried in the yard of the churche of S^- Bartho- 
lomew, Maresfield," bequeaths "to the hye Altar xij**; to the 
church of Chichester viij**; to the bells of Maresfield church 
iiij**; to the making of a torche viij**; and to be bestowed at 
his burial vj* viij**;" and the same "at his month's and 
yere's mind." He then disposes of the remainder of his 
worldly goods among his widow and children. The witnesses 
are Thomas Raynard, Simon Kidder, John Hazlegrove, 
Thomas Bartlett, and Robert Cayley, clerke. To the overseer 
of his will he gives "a hose clothe, the price iij" iiij**;" and 
to " old Browne a hose clothe," the price of which is not 
stated. Value of effects £17 4s. 8d. 

1548. Thomas Herd makes no bequests of any peculiar 
interest. His will is witnessed by Robert Taylor, clerke, and 
John Browne. Value of effects £21 8s. 

1550. Ales Ales' will is curious only on account of 
all her bequests being made to females ; and the overseers 
and witnesses being females also. One of the latter is named 
Margaret Cromwell. This will is described as " approbatum 
in Curia de Maresfield," 

1552. William Vinal bequeaths his "bodie to the earthe 
to be buried in the church earthe of Marsfield." 

1555. John Shelleye, who is described as "of the chapelrye 
of Nottlye, in the parishe of Marysfeld," bequeaths his "soule 
to the Holye Trinitye, and all the blessed companye of 
Heavyn ;" and his " bodye to be buryed in the churchyard 
of Maresfeld." 

xrv. Y 

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170 ICAJIESFIELD. 

1559. John Norman having made a similar bequest of 
his soul and body, gives "towards the reparation of the 
churche of Marysfeld iij" iiij** ; to the poore men's boxe vj** ; 
in almes at his buryall to the poore people iij" iiij** ; at his 
moneth's mynd to the poore people in monye xij**; in the 
churche to the poore everye yere for the space of vij yeres 
immediately after his decease in brede and drinke so much as 
could reasonably be made of three strikes of wheate and of 
the same quantity of malt;" and this he orders "to be done 
by Thomas his son, or whosoever shall be his heire for the 
tyme." 

1587. John Monke bequeaths his " soul to God, &c., and 
his bodye to be buried in the church earth of Marysfeld, 
among the faithful," &c. 

There are other early Maresfield wills in the Registry, but 
none of them of any arqhaeological interest. 

On the Black house farm near to the Budlett's Common 
in Maresfield, there is a meadow, part of which is surrounded 
by a moat on two sides, and a part of the third, the other 
portion of the third, and the fourth side having been filled 
up, but so as to be still distinctly traceable. That a house 
stood within it at an early period there can be no doubt; 
but by whom it was occupied, or to whom it might have 
belonged, I have met with no documents to shew; the tra- 
dition of the neighbourhood is, that the Masters of the Forest 
resided here, and that it was their official residence. 



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CELTS AND CELT-MOULD, J OF ACTUAL SIZE. 
Found at Wilmingion, and presented to the S. A. S. Musenm by the Bey. 6. M. Cooper, M.A 



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AN ACCOUNT OF SOME 

BRITISH ANTIQUITIES 

FOUND AT WILMINGTON. 



By the Rev. Q. M. COOPER, M.A. 



TowAEDS the end of the year 1861, a discovery was made 
in the parish of Wilmington, highly interesting as connected 
with the ancient inhabitants of Great Britain. In the opera- 
tion of draining a pasture field belonging to Mr. Richard 
Lambe, some 200 yards south of the Wilmington Rail- 
way-gate, the workmen came upon a large number of Bronze 
Celts. They were contained in a rude earthen crock, of the 
usual coarse and sun-dried material, the precise form of which 
could not to ascertained, as it was shattered into small frag- 
ments by the workman's spade. Indeed, so friable had it 
become from age and damp, that it could scarcely have been 
taken out entire, even if the weight of metal contained in it 
had been previously removed. The depth at which it was 
buried was about two feet, in a very stiff clay, covered by an 
undisturbed top soil of some eight inches. These implements 
were 33 in number, of the two common forms, but so various 
in size and weight, that hardly any two of them are in 
these respects precisely alike. For the most part they are in 
excellent preservation. 

Perhaps the most curious item in this discovery, is a very 
complete bronze mould for making such instruments. With 
the Celts were also fragments of the blades of two daggers 

Y 2 

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172 BRITISH ANTIQUITIES AT WILMINGTON. 

or spearheads, the handles or sockets of which were not 
forthcoming. 

Each of the Celts has a ring on its side, for facility per- 
haps of carriage, or for the purpose of tying on the handle, 
probably with a thong of leather. In a people who had 
attained the skill to make such casts, this seems but a rude 
contrivance. To form the amalgam of copper and tin, in 
certain definite proportions, of which they consist, having 
first extracted those two metals from their respective ores, 
implies a considerable amount of artistic knowledge in the 
ancient inhabitants of this Island ; unless, indeed, we suppose 
the mixed metal to have been imported ready for use. But 
it must be remembered that they had no metal hard enough 
to drill a hole through bronze. With iron they were familiar, 
but the process by which iron is hardened into steel, was not 
discovered till long after these Celts were made. Having no 
means, therefore, of perforating the metal and fixing the 
head to the handles by nails or rivets, they were driven to 
the necessity of using thongs — a very imperfect method cer- 
tainly — but the best they had.* 

It has generally been thought, I believe, that these imple- 
ments were designed for a warlike use, and they have 
frequently been regarded as battle-axes; though a due 
consideration of their size, and of the manner in which they 
must have been attached to the handle, affords but little 
plausibility to such a supposition. If they were axes, the 
helves must have been transverse to the axis of the metallic 
head, and the diflSculty of attaching them firmly together, 
would be very great. But I cannot think they were so 
intended or so used ; because, in that case, they would have 
been in the shape of those undoubted axes of flint, which are 
frequently found, with two similar edges at the opposite ex- 
tremities, and a perforation in the centre for the admission 
of the helve or handle — very much after the fashion of one 
of our modern stone-hammers, only presenting too sharp 
edges, one on either side, instead of two blunt hammers — 
(see S.A.C., Vol. ix, p. 120, fig. 2). Or, if they were 
designed for single axes, then it cannot be doubted that even 
these rude artists could as easily have made at tlie end of 

' The blacksmith uses the same contrivance to this day. 

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BRITISH ANTIQUITIES AT WILMINGTON. 173 

each a ring or eye (as it is technically termed) for the handle 
to pass through, similar to that in an ordinary carpenter's 
axe of the present day, as they could the rings which we see 
affixed to the side of every Celt. This contrivance would be 
as simple and obvious, and would certainly have furnished a 
much firmer hold. Then again, had they been meant for 
axes, they would surely have been solid^ and not hollow. 
The pictorial representations of the battle axes in use in 
times not very far distant from the Celtic period, have no 
resemblance to the instruments under consideration, but come 
much nearer to the modern idea. And lastly, it seems quite 
ridiculous to consider the smallest of these Celts in the light 
of a weapon of war; since, agreeing exactly with the others 
in all other respects but size, it is only 2|^ inches long and 
1 inch wide at the edge, and weighs 2i ounces. Such a 
weapon would make slight impression on a moderately strong 
head-piece, though wielded by the hand of a Robert Bruce or 
a Coeur de Lion. 

The number found of form (1) was seventeen; the largest 
measures 5 inches long by IJ wide at the edge, and weighs 
9 ounces ; the dimensions and weight of the smallest I have 
just given. Of form (2) thirteen were found, difieringmuch 
less in size and weight than those of the first pattern; the 
largea^t being 6 inches long by 1 wide, and weighing 9i 
ounces; the smallest 5 long by 1 wide, and its weight 7i 
ounces. The weight of metal in the whole collection, includ- 
ing the mould and 2 blades is 141bs. 2 oz. 

If then these Celts were not warlike weapons, the ques- 
tion arises, what were they? I think the hollow socket 
in those of the first form, fitted for the insertion of a 
handle in the direction of, and not transverse to, the line 
of its axis, point to their use as chisels, the short handle of 
which, wedged in perhaps, and driven by the blow of the ham- 
mer in a straight direction, a thong would do much to retain 
in its proper position. Bronze is capable of taking a sharp 
edge; it was the hardest metal with which the old Britons 
were acquainted; the Homeric heroes had known it long 
before; and these implements would be useful to them in 
the construction of their war chariots, their boats, and 
their houses : for I am disposed to assign them to the 



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174 BRITISH ANTIQUITIES AT WILBONGTON. 

Eomano-Britbh period, during which the conquered race 
doubtless learnt much in the arts of design and the use of 
their tools, from their civilized conquerors. 

The form of the 2nd kind (No. 2) I confess appears to 
me not quite so capable of a ready explanation. This is 
solid instead of hollow, with a sharp edge at one extremity 
and a plain long wedge-like shank at the other, indented on 
either side with a little raised edge or shoulder, as if to sup- 
port the handle. Why this different mode of attaching the 
handle was adopted, I cannot conjecture to my own satisfac- 
tion; but it is plain, I think, that the handle was here also 
in the line of the axis, and not transverse to it; — ^for which 
latter application it would be most inconvenient. 

Regarding them as tools, the different sizes of both these 
varieties would of course be highly convenient to the work- 
man in his operations. They might be used in masonry as 
well as in carpentry, in breaking up old work or shaping 
stone or other materials; and indeed they bear a partial 
resemblance to a very useful implement of the modem brick- 
layer, which has a pick or hammer on one side and a sharp 
edge on the other. Whether either kind were at all used 
in war or the chase appears doubtful : for killing either man 
or beast pointed weapons — the sword, spear, arrow — are 
better adapted; but for skinning the animals they had 
taken in hunting these Celts might be found useful. 

With respect to the object which the depositor had in 
view when he committed his treasure to the earth's keeping, 
we are of necessity left entirely to conjecture. For my own 
part, I incline to think him a professed artizan, — some cun- 
ning workman in metals, whose business it was to make such 
implements. For it is very observable that the present 
specimens are almost all more or less broken, and otherwise a 
good deal the worse for wear ; and clearly were so at the time 
of their burial, for their defects are manifestly not the work of 
subsequent decay. They are, as already noticed, a most mis- 
cellaneous collection, agreeing only in general form, not in 
size or weight, and none of them fitting the mould found 
with them. May we not suppose them to have been to him 
simply so much old metal, which he intended to melt down 
and re-cast according to his own form and fashion ? 



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BRITISH ANTIQUITIES AT WILMINGTON. 175 

Perhaps he was called away to a distance, and this was 
a heavy weight to carry with him ; or perhaps the times 
were perilous, and his treasure valuable ; he hid it, that he 
might not lose it. Then he either never returned, or pos- 
sibly lost his life near at hand ; and his deposit has lain un- 
heeded some fifteen centuries, till it was exhumed in the 
nineteenth century, for the gratification of Sussex Archaeolo- 
gists, in the course of an operation of which he could have 
never dreamt, and at an era when we are more likely to 
turn his spears into pruning hooks, and his so-called axes 
into ploughshares, than apply them to purposes of offence and 
defence. These are the best conjectures I can frame about 
these curious relics. I advance them with diffidence, saying 
to each and every of my brother antiquaries — 

** — Bi quid novisti reotius istis, 
GandiduB imperti ; si non, his utere meoum." 

The collection is deposited in the Museum of our Society 
at Lewes Castle; to which, by the liberality of Mr. Lambe, 
I am enabled to present it; and it is well deserving the in- 
spection of those who take an interest in such matters. The 
mould is suited to cast celts of the first form only ; and 
though a good deal corroded in the interior, the two project- 
ing pins, by which, when the mould was closed and the 
molten metal poured in, the lateral ring was formed, are 
plainly perceptible. It may be proper to remind the reader 
that the metal itself, known by the name of Bronze, has been 
found by chemical analysis to consist, in axe heads, of ten 
parts of copper to one of tin : in spear heads, the proportions 
are as six to one. It is identical with our bell-metal, and 
different from brass, which is an amalgam of copper and 
zinc, the latter of which metals was wholly unknown to the 
ancients. 



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ROMAN REMAINS 

IK THE NEIGHBOURHOOD OP 

IIURST- PIER -POINT AND DANNY. 



By ROBERT WILLIS BLENGOWE, Esq. 

It has long been known that the neighbourhood of Hurst- 
Pier-Point abounds with Roman relics; and many an ex- 
plorer of that district has been well repaid for his researches. 
This is particularly the case with that ridge on which the 
village, or rather let us call it the flourishing little town of 
Hurst is placed, and along which the high road passes, lead- 
ing from Stone Pound to Alboume; where, at different times, 
quantities of coins, implements, and various specimens of 
Roman pottery have come to light. And this is just the 
spot where they might naturally be expected. It is well 
known that the Romans were accustomed from very early 
times to bury their dead outside the walls of their towns, a 
necessity to which Englishmen have only within a very few 
years awakened; and the sides of their high roads were 
usually selected for that purpose. There is good reason to 
believe that a track from east to west, through the forest, 
extended along the somewhat elevated ground on which 
Hurst-Pier-Point stands, and that it was much used by the 
Romans. It probably commenced at or near Stone Pound, 
where it crossed the road which led from Portus Adurni 
(Portslade) by Clayton, stretching northward through the 
Weald. 

The following are some of the localities in which not only 
Roman, but other earlier relics have been found. To my 
friend the Rev. Edward Turner, I am indebted for the fol- 
lowing account of what has been discovered upon the Ham 
Farm, which lies on the south side of the turnpike road . 
" Immediately behind the farm house there is a very large 
mound of earth, bearing strong evidence of being artificial, 
and which I have always looked upon as of Roman origin, 
and sepulchral. Nothing, however, had been found to sub- 
stantiate this conjecture, until about six years ago, when the 
then tenant, a kinsman of mine, engaged in enlarging a farm 

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ROMAN REMAINS AT HtfRST-PIER-POINT. 177 

yard adjacent to it, found it necessary to cut away a part of 
this mound, and in doing so, he discovered an um in a per- 
fect state, and fragments of others ; around, there were lying 
many bones and teeth of animals, both large and small. The 
um was given to the late Mr. Auckland, of Lewes. Part of 
a quern was also found near the spot, and a piece of sand- 
stone perforated with holes, which had been evidently drilled 
through by some sharp instrument, for what purpose it would 
be difficult to guess. Another interesting discovery made 
in the course of the improvements carried on upon this farm, 
was that of an ancient road. In draining the meadows to 
the north of the house, the workmen were obstructed in 
several places by a bed of concrete, about three feet thick, and 
from thirty to forty feet in width. This they were obliged 
to cut through, a work of no ordinary labour, consisting as it 
did of a foundation of stones and large chalk, upon which 
was placed a layer of unbroken flints, and upon this a bed of 
sea beach, mixed with small chalk to give it firmness, to form 
the crust of the road. The solidity of this mass of materials 
was very great.^ This ancient road was about twenty inches 
below the surface, and was traced across two of the meadows." 
" This discovery clears up a very important point con- 
nected with the Roman Via, which is well known to have 
run north and south through the county for the purpose of 
connecting the Portus Adurni of the Romans at Aldrington, 
with the Ermyn Street from London to Dover. That from 
this Portus it first passed through Portslade and Hangleton, 
there can be no doubt, Portslade taking its name from this 
circumstance, but after leaving Hangleton all traces of it 
are lost, until you get to St. John's Common, where they 
are again perceptible, and are occasionally met with from 
thence through Ardingly and onwards through Surrey, until 
it reaches Bromley in Kent, where it joins the Ermyn 
Street (see Sussex Archaeol. Collections, Vol. II, p. 76). 
Between Hangleton and St. John's Common, the direction 
taken by this road has been involved in much uncertainty, 
some thinking that it bore away towards Clayton HiU, where 
it descended the chalk downs, and followed the line of the 
present Brighton and Cuckfield turnpike road to St. John's 

1 There was no sham in the works o^ thoroughly well. There was no vaneer- 
the Romans; what they did they did ing in their carpentry. 
XIV. z 

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178 ROMAN REMAINS AT HURST-PIER-POINT. 

Common ; whilst others thought that from Hangleton it took 
the direction of the Devil's Dyke, descending the hills at 
Saddlescombe, The pointing of the road across the Ham 
Farm, which was from north-east to south- west, plainly shews 
that those who held the Devil's Dyke direction were right, 
for that this road discovered on the Ham Farm was a por- 
tion of Portus Adumi Via, is unquestionable. From Saddles- 
combe it must have run somewhere near to Danny, and 
consequently close to the Roman Villa lately discovered there. 
Nor is this the only Roman building found in this neighbour- 
hood. In the grounds in front of Clayton Parsonage there are 
the remains of a Roman bath, which were opened about half a 
century ago, and again covered up. From the banks on each 
side of the road between Clayton church and the parsonage I 
have frequently taken fragments of Romano-British pottery." 

To mention other localities which have given up their 
Roman relics ; — Many a Roman coin, both of silver and brass, 
and urns perfect and broken, and fragments of iron and 
brass instruments have been turned up at the Cross Ways 
Sandpit. Urns and Paturae have been found at Wickham ; 
and in the village of Hurst, particularly in the churchyard, 
so many coins and so large a quantity of pottery has been 
at various times unearthed, as to give rise to the conjecture 
that it may have been the site of a Roman Temple. The 
fact is that the whole district there is rife, not only with 
relics of the Romans, but with the vestiges of earlier and 
later races; for the British and Saxon people were also 
dwellers on our Downs and in our Weald. About two miles 
southward of Hurst is that bold projection of the Downs, 
called Wolstanbury,* where there is a circular encampment 
about a furlong in diameter, like Chanctonbury and Mount 
Caburn ; it was probably originally British, and subsequently 
occupied by the Romans and Saxons ; and here have been 
found celts of flint and bronze, Roman coins, knives, and the 
handles of swords, portions of armour, shattered shields and 
broken spurs, memorials of those fighting men of various 
races who have been at different times the rough occupants 
of our beautiful county. 

It was in the autumn of 1857 that some labourers engaged 
in draining a meadow about a quarter of a mile to the north- 

* See the article on Sussex in tlie Quarterly Review for July. 



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BOMAN REMAINS AT HURST-PIEB-POINT. 



179 



west of Danny, about half way between the villages of Hurst 
and Wolstanbury, struck with their pick-axes against the 
walls and the tesselated pavement of a Roman Villa, of which 
the following is a plan. 



CHALK . 



GRASS 




PAVeiMCNT 



10 



SCALE OF FEET 



10 



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180 BOKAN REMAINS AT HUBST-PIEB-POINT. 

As this building has been fully described in the tenth volume 
of Collections, p. 210, and a reference to the ground plan 
on the preceding page gives the best notion of its size 
and character, it is not necessary to enlarge upon it here. 

The site of the villa was well chosen, for placed as it was 
on elevated ground the views to the north and west are 
beautiful. It had been often observed that the spot was a 
favorite resort for cattle. It was dry and warm in conse- 
quence of the cavities below it, and here they naturally came 
to lie down and ruminate. There are probably other build- 
ings of the same kind not far off, very likely along the sides 
of that road on the Ham Farm alluded to before. If those 
who are interested in such matters (and fortunately for our 
society there are such in the vicinity of Hurst) will observe 
what are the favorite haunts of their cattle, it may lead to the 
discovery of other Villas more important than this of 
Danny. 

The ruins of this building were not more than a foot 
below the surface of the ground; and the first portion in- 
truded upon by the pick-axe was the hypocaust or fire-place 
and the bath, that luxury of life which the Roman could not 
dispense with, in whatever part of the world his lot was cast, 
and here it is in this comparatively humble place, not proba- 
bly the residence of a wealthy man, with all its necessary 
accompaniments. To the delights of the vapour bath, witii 
its sanatory influences — the sudatorium, to say nothing of 
the strigil, Anglice the curricomb, or the unctorium, where 
perfumed ointments were kept in alabaster boxes, English- 
men are only just beginning to awake, so far are we, who 
pride ourselves on our superior cleanliness and refinement, 
behind the Boman in this respect; and let it be said, with a 
feeling of satisfaction, that the small metropolis of Sussex, 
Lewes, has set a good example in this sanatory course. 

Nothing in the economy of a Roman villa surprises us so 
much as the smallness of their houses, and the very limited 
size of their rooms; those at least of a domestic character. 
The best of them had but one room, if that can be called a 
room which was partly open to the heavens above it — the 
Atrium, with its marble fountain in the middle — of any size. 
The dining room could only just hold the triclinium with 



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BOMAN BEMAINS AT HURST-PIER-POINT. 181 

its three couches for the guests to recline upon ; and the 
bedroom with its cubiculum was certainly not larger; but 
this is to be accounted for by the diflFerence of their tastes 
and habits from ours. In fact they lived very little at home. 
They were early risers, as the inhabitants of hot climates 
generally are, and they left home to pass the day in their 
public buildings, their temples, and amphitheatres, and the 
porticoes of their Basilicas; these indeed were spacious and 
magnificent; and they came home for a short repose during 
the heat of the day and to sleep at night. This was a sim- 
pler process with the Roman than it is with us. They wanted 
no canopy over their heads, supported by four posts, and no 
stifling curtains, to shut out the wholesome air of heaven. 

In the detail of the Roman discoveries I have been much 
assisted by my friends, the Rev. Edward Turner and Mr. 
Figg. To the latter I am also indebted for the ground plan 
of the villa. 



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SETTLEMENT 

Previous to the Marriage of Isabella Potnings 
WITH William de Cricketot, 1343. 



By WILLIAM DURRANT COOPER, F.S.A. 



Among many valuable Sussex MSS. belonging to B. H. God- 
win, Esq., F.S.A., of Newbury, and kindly lent by him for 
the use of our society, are many of interest relating to the 
family and estates of the Poynings. I have selected for 
translation from the Norman-French, a marriage settlement, 
which is extremely curious, not only as mentioning a mar- 
riage not noticed by Dugdale, but as being one of the earliest 
marriage settlements extant. 

Mr. W. S. Walford in the Proceedings of the Society of 
Antiquariea (2 ser. vol 1, p. 160) has printed a marriage 
contract dated 8th December, 1326, for the marriage of Wil- 
liam de Morlfe with Cecilia, daughter of Thomas Bardolph, 
Lord of Wormegay : and I may save trouble of search by men- 
tioning thatinMcAof^ Collect; Topogr: et Gen: (vol. 4, p. 
249) is given a marriage contract, dated 16th March, 1426, 
of Sir John StaflFord with Anne, daughter of William, Lord 
Botreaux, and (vol. 1, p. 348) a short marriage contract of 
Thomas Foljambe, on his marriage with Margery, eldest daugh- 
ter of Sir Nicholas Longford, dated 15th November, 1454. 

Nichols also in the same Coll : vol. 2, p. 67, gives an entail 
in the family of Barton, dated 21st May, 1328, and (p. 368) 
in the family of Wickham, dated in Trinity term, 1391. 

In Bentley^s Excerpta Historica (p. 249) is the marriage 
settlement, dated 18th July, 1429, of William Haute, Esq., 



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MARRLA.GB SETTLEMENT. 183 

of Kent, with Joan, daughter of Richard Wydeville, of the 
same county. 

The fortune of the Sussex bride was not large; but her 
father being dead, her brother gave her and her husband a 
good start by providing for the maintenance of them and 
their household for some 16 months after the marriage. This 
is also an early instance of the settlement by a husband of 
part of his estate in tail male, with a covenant not to alienate 
other parts of his estate or disinherit his heirs male. 

"1st April, 17th Edward III (1343); An Indenture be- 
tween Michael de Poynings, Lord of Poynings, of the one 
part, and William Cricketot, of the other part, witnesseth 
that the said Master William shall espouse Johanna de 
Poynings, sister of the said Master Michael, and shall take 
for the marriage from the said Master Michael 350 marks, 
to be paid 100 marks on the day of marriage, at the 
feast of All Souls then next following 100 marks, and at the 
feast of Easter then next following 100 marks, and at the 
feast of St. Michael then next following 50 marks. And also 
the said Master Michael shall find dwelling for the said Jo- 
hanna, one demoiselle, and for the issue of the said Johanna, 
from the day of the marriage until the feast of St. 
Michael then next ensuing, and from the said feast of St, 
Michael for one year thence next ensuing, fully to be ac- 
complished ; and for the said Master William for the "venues" 
which he shall make for his companion (wife) during the 
same time, for him, a valet, a chamberlain, and six garqons, 
as is befitting, without any other costs or expenses being 
incurred. Saving that at the end of the said term the said 
Master William shall make her a sufficient chamber,* to the 
value of forty marks. And the said Master William shall 
enfeofi* Master Michael de Poynings, the uncle Sir John 
Botele, parson of the church of Foxherall, Richard Froisel, 
and Robert de Batesford with his manor of Ashfeld, in the 
county of Sufiblk, with all the appurtenances, together with 
all other lands and tenements which he holds on the day of 
the date of these presents in the villes of Great Asshefeld 
and Little Asshefeld, or in other villes adjoining, as belong- 

' A lady*8 chamber consisted of her phanalia, as well as sometimes furni- 
jewels, wardrobe, and personal para- ture. 



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184 MARRIAGE SETTLEMENT. 

ing to the said manor there, whatsoever they may be, whether 
belonging to the said manor or not; to hold to the said Master 
Michael, John, Richard, and Robert, and their heirs forever, 
who shall afterwards make an estate of the said manor and 
of the other lands with their appurtenances to the said Wil- 
liam and to Johanna and to their heirs (which the said Master 
William shall beget on the body of the said Johanna), and in 
default of issue the remainder to the heirs of the said Master 
William. And also the said Master William shall enfeoflF 
the aforesaid Masters Michael, John, Richard, and Robert 
with his manor of Oversden with the appurtenances, and with 
the advowson of the church, in the county of Suffolk; and 
shall recover from them his estate in tail to himself and to 
Johanna his companion and to their heirs by a fine to be 
levied in the court of the King between this and the octaves of 
St. Michael next to come at the latest, if it be not before. 
And the parties have agreed that the marriage and the en- 
feoffment and the re-enfeofl5nent in right of the manor of 
Asshefeld shall be executed and perfected before Pentecost 
next to come, and of the other manor in the mode above de- 
scribed. And moreover the said Master William grants and 
promises in good faith that he will not disinherit the heirs 
male (between himself and his companion, Johanna, begotten) 
of the other lands of his inheritance not entailed, in time to 
come. And as the said Master William is under a bond to 
the said Master Michael in £400 to well and truly perfect 
and hold the covenants aforesaid, the said Master Michael 
wills and grants that immediately and so soon as the said 
covenants are perfected the sa^d writing shall be held to be 
null and void. In witness whereof to this Indenture the 
parties aforesaid have interchangably affixed their seals. 
Given at Aketon (now Acton) the day and year aforesaid." 

This Michael Poynings was the purchaser of the Perching 
property, and among Mr. Godwin's deeds are several relating 
to that estate. The Poynings family were owners also of 
property in Suffolk, being possessed of the manors of Wren- 
tham and Tanies in Bures. 

In pursuance of this settlement Wm. Cricketot, in 17 
Edward III (No: 55 Suff:), levied a fine to the use of 
Michael Poynings and others. 



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MARRIAGE SETTLEMENT. 185 

The Cricketots were an old family in Suffolk. William 
de Cricketot held the manors of Ovesden and the manor of 
Great Ashfield and also Great Ixworth ;* fie was succeeded 
by his son William, who married Isabell, daughter of John 
Bracebridge, and died in 1343. It is their son whose mar- 
riage contract I print. He made his will at Great Ashfield 
on 10th April, 1354, directing his body to be buried in the 
church of the blessed Mary of Ixworth convent. He left a 
messuage in St. Edmund's, called the Halle, to be sold and 
disposed of for his soul as his executors should think best; 
they were his wife, with Symon Sare, parson of the church 
of Ovesden, Ralph de Walsham, and Geoffry de Honerveton. 
The will was proved at Bury on 26th February following. 
On the Inquisition it was found that he held the half of the 
manor of Ixworth; and together with his wife, who sur- 
vived, the manors of.Asshefeld and Ovesden, and tenements 
and lands in Great and Little Badewell and Walsham, 
and that William, his son and heir was then 7 years old. 
This son died S.P : Another son, Edmund, became a monk 
of Ixworth; and an only daughter, Jane, became a nun at 
Campes.' 

Their abms were Az. on a cross ar : four cockles gu. 



* Inq. ad. q. d. 1 Edward H, No. 106. a Sassex resident, took his title as Lord 

* Addl. M.S. Brit Mos., 8206, p.p. Tharlow of Ashfield, which he owned. 
204-6. Edward Lord Thurlow, who was 



XIV, 2 A 

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OLD SUSSEX HARVEST CUSTOM, 

PECULIARITIES OF SPEECH 

IN USE AT HASTINGS. 



By JAMES ROCK, Jun., Esq., Alderman. 



The interesting paper in the last volume* of the " Sussex Ar- 
chaeological Collections," by. Mr. M. A Lower, oh "Old 
Speech and Manners in Sussex!," Tias brought to my recbllec- 
tton a Harvest home custom which I witnessed about twenty 
years ago, and which it may be well to place on Tecord. 

My friend, Mr. Jenner, who held a farm at Roreham 
Street, under the Earl of Ashbumham, had frequently invited 
me to attend one of his harvest homes, and assist at the old 
Sussex custom of " turning the cup over." At last I accepted 
his hospitality, and was much amused at the quaint cere- 
mony, which had furnished my friend with the chief occasion 
for his invitation. 

I did not arrive in time to witness the bringing in of the 
last load from the field, but at my friend's house I was 
shewn into the best parlour, where other friends were assem- 
bled, previous to a most abundant repast. Towards the 
close of the meal we could hear a rather monotonous chanting 
proceeding from the kitchen. The effect heard faintly, ex- 
cept when occasionally an intermediate -door was open, was by 
no means disagreeable. Our host explained the ceremony 
of ' turning the cup over,' which was then going on in the 
kitchen, and invited us to take part in it ourselves. Accor- 
dingly we all adjourned to the kitchen, which we found crowded 
with the labourers of the farm and the men who had assisted 
them in harvesting. 



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OLD SUSSEX HARVEST CUSTOM, ETC. 187 

At the head of the table one of the men occupied the posi- 
tion of chairman ; in front of him stood a. p0,il-r- clean as 
wooden staves and iron hoops could be mJEide by huiaaa la- 
bour. At his right sat four or five men who led th^sii^^g; 
grave as judges were they ; indeed the appearance- of^ the 
whole assembly was one of the greatest solemnity, except for 
a moment or two when some unlucky wight failed 'to **'turn 
the cup over,' and was compelled to undergo- the penally , in 
that case made and provided. This done, 6,11. wfenft Io*i* as 
solenmly as before. The ceremony, if I may call it so was 
this: ...••.' 

The leader, or chairman, standing behind the pail ^th a 
tall horn cup in his hand, filled it with beer from the 
pail. The man next to him on the left stood up, and holding 
a hat with both hands by the brim, crown upwards, received 
the cup from the chairman, on the crown of the hat, not 
touching it with either hand. He then lifted the cup to his 
lips by raising the hat, and slowly drank oflF the contents. 
As soon as he began to drink, the chorus struck up this 
chant : 

IVe bin to Plymouth and I Ve bin to Dotot. 
I have bin rambling, boys, all the wnrld over — 

Over and over and over and over, 
Drink up yur liquor and turn yur cup over ; 

Over and over and over and over, 
The liquor*8 drink'd up and the oup is turned over. 

The man drinking was expected to time his draught so as 
to empty his cup at the end of the fourth line of the chant,; 
he was then to return the hat to the perpendicular, 'still 
holding the hat by the brims, then to throw the cup into the 
air, and reversing the hat, to catch the cup in it as it fell. 
If he failed to perform this operation, the fellow workmen 
who were closely watching him, made an important alteration 
in the last line of their chant, which in that case ran thus; 

The liquor*8 drink*d up and the cup aint turned over. 

The cup was then refilled and the unfortunate drinker was 
compelled to go through the same ceremony again. Every one 
at the table took the cup and " turned it over' in succession, 
the chief shepherd keeping the pail constantly supplied with 

2 A 2 

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188 



OLD SUSSEX HARVEST CUSTOM, ETC. 



beer. The parlour guests were of course invited to turn the 
cup over with the guests of llie kitchen, and went through 
the ordeal with more or less of success. For my own part, I 
confess that I failed to catch the cup in the hat at the first 
trial, and had to try again; the chairman however mercifully 
gave me only a small quantity of beer the second time. 

This custom of ' turning the cup over,' with its accom- 
panying chant, was rather amusing at first, but after hearing 
it as I did on the occasion I have described, for at least four 
hours without intermission, it became at last rather tiresome. 
I could not get the tune out of my head for a long time after 
— indeed I have not got rid of it yet. Here it is, as nearly 
as I can put it into musical notes. My Sussex readers can 
supply some of the drawl, which is inexpressible by notes. 
As nearly as I can remember it was in the key of G minor. 



i foj J jj J fif t^ . 



I 



itzfz 



=t 



Fve been to Plymouth, and I've been to Do - yor, I have been rambling, boys, 



^*f=r r i-i i4^ 



7=rt 



^m 



fc -^— t 



all the world o - ver. O - ver and o - ver, and o - ver and o - ver ; 



The liquor*! drlnk'd up, and the cup is turn'd o - ver. 0-ver and o - ver, and 



^ 



£=i=m+i^'-^-^ m 



y=gE^ii 



o -Ter, and o - ver i The liquor's drlnk'd up, and the cup is turn'd o - veci 

As the annual meeting of this year has been held at Has- 
tings, it may not be out of place here to mention a few pecu- 
liarities which I have noticed in the language of the 'natives,' 
I mean more especially the seafaring part of the population. 
One is the general use of the * v' for ' w,' another is the use 
of 'd' for *th.' The following examples were probably fabri- 
cated by " young Hastings" in ridicule of its progenitors, but 
are nevertheless true specimens of the vernacular. 

" Vill Vhite an' I vent to Vinchelsea, and de horse vood 
vaak; ve kep on vip, vip, vip, but the horse vood vaak; 
last ov all, he vaaks agin a vaall and breaks a vinder." 



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OLD SUSSEX HARVEST CUSTOM, ETC. 189 

" Var Vze gwain ?" " To de Vite Rock, vill you goo ?" " No 
I vaunt." " Vy vaunt ye?" " Cos I vaunt, and dat's vy." 

I do not remember to have seen the word " Queeve" in 
any vocabulary ; I have heard it several times in Hastings. 
It seems to mean to twist or cant. A boy playing at marbles 
will say to his antagonist " don't queeve," meaning I suppose, 
some peculiar twist of the wrist not quite in accordance with 
the laws of the game. Again, when the * Great Eastern ' stuck 
fast on the ways by getting across them while being launched, 
I heard a Hastings man say, " They'd have got her oflF all 
right if she hadn't queeved." 

When a carpenter finds a board warped in drying, he says 
it is " shawled." 

A man who has got rid of something that he thinks he is 
better without than with, says he has got " shet" (shot) of it. 

To " hoU" is to throw : I heard the word used thus not 
long since in the Hastings Town Hall — " I hoU'd him down 
in the grass." 

The letter * a' is pronounced ' aa' or ' ah,' as in French. 
Law is * laa,' shaw (a small wood) is ' shaa. ' Boys used to 
say when I was a boy too, " A Gringer daa (daw) is worth 
a haapenny more den a Castle daa," — being the jackdaw 
which haunts that portion of the cliffs eastward of the town, 
known as "Gringer;" a place where at some former time, 
before the sea had eaten away so much of the shore, there 
probably was a village or hamlet. 

A curious misapplication of a word is in common use at 
Hastings. When a gale rises.suddenly from south or south- 
west, of limited area, and lasting only a few hours, it is called 
a " planet." Such gales frequently follow a thunderstorm 
on this coast. I think the same word is used to denote the 
pillary clouds which rise in the south-west some hours or 
days before the gale actually arrives. It is a common saying 
among the fishermen, " Ven de planets poke up in de vess- 
vard, and the clouds come up agin de vind, it's sure to raain." 

A few words of French origin are in use among the fisher- 
men, derived probably from intercourse with French fisher- 
men at sea, or in smuggling. " Boco" (beaucoup) is a word 
in common use thus, " Dere's boco's of feesh dis morning." 
Sometimes it is " Boco de feesh." " Frapper," to strike or 



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190 OLD SUSSEX HARVEST CUSTOM, ETC. 

beat, is also used : one boy will say to another " I'll firap you." 
I have met with several fishermen who. had a considerable 
knowledge of French, acquired, as I was told, in French 
prisons in the old war time. 

The Hastings of my earliest recollections, nearly forty 
years since, was a very different place from the Hastings of 
the present day. Greorge Street, now near the centre of the 
old town, was then called the suburbs, and there were few 
houses westward of the castle cliffs, which at that time over- 
hung the road where Breeds Place now stands. The charac- 
ter and language of the population have changed with the 
external appearance and extent of the town, speaking of it 
as a whole, but All Saints Street, Bourne Street, and nearly 
the whole of the old town, are but little altered, and their 
inhabitants remain almost unchanged, either in speech or 
habits. The language of the native Hastinger is full-mouthed, 
and not very intelligible to the stranger. It has little refine- 
ment about it, either in style or pronunciation, as may be 
inferred from the specimens which I have given, but it is 
generally forcible and expressive, and possesses a rude manli- 
ness of character, which I prefer to the less rugged, but more 
finnikin, provincialisms which are to be found within 100 
miles botii eastward and westward. 

I have not observed here any tendency to the use of the 
*a' for *o,' thus, 'marning,' 'farty,' for, morning and forty; 
as is done in the western part of the county, and still more in 
Hampshire, nor any approach to the * tip-tongue' pronuncia- 
tion of the Eastern Counties 



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REGISTERS OF HASTINGS PARISHES. 



By W. a. GREENHILL, M.D. Oxon. 



At the present time Hastings is known chiefly as a rapidly 
increasing watering-place, the population of which is about 
eight times more numerous now than it was at the beginning 
of the present century. After the Norman conquest it is 
known in history as the chief of the Cinque Ports, and 
it was for some centuries a place of considerable impor- 
tance on that account. Between these two periods very 
little is known of its history or internal condition, as it never 
seems to have thoroughly recovered itself after being burnt 
by the French in 1378; and the notices of the town that 
are met with in books or MSS. (some of which are given in 
a previous article,) only serve to indicate that it had fallen 
into a state of comparative decay. Some slight idea of its 
population, and also of certain special periods of distress 
from pestilence, may be gathered from an examination of the 
parish registers, made some few years ago, the general re- 
sults of which shall be briefly laid before the members of the 
Sussex Archaeological Society. 

Eickman states {Census Report^ 1831, vol. 1, p. xxix.) that 
out of more than 11,000 parish registers in England and 
Wales, 2634 commence before the beginning of the reign of 
Queen Elizabeth, in 1558, and 2448 between that year and 
1603. In Hastings there are two ancient sets of parish 
registers; that of St. Clement's parish commencing in 1558, 
and that of All Saints in 1559. They have been continued 
with probably at least an average degree of care and regularity 
down to the present time. Some of the books are made of 



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192 BEGISTEBS OF HASTINGS PARISHES. 

parchment, others of paper; some are in good preservation, 
others are in a very dilapidated condition; in some the 
writing is very good, in others it is shamefiiUy careless. For 
several years about the middle of the seventeenth century, 
during the Commonwealth, both registers are defective, as 
is the case with many of the parish registers throughout 
the kingdom ; and in some other years one or other of them 
is occasionally mutilated or incomplete. In all the follow- 
ing calculations care has been taken to select, as far as 
possible, those years which appear to be complete in both 
registers. 

We will begin with the population of the place, which in 
1801, as we learn from official sources, amounted to only 
3175, viz. 1425 males, and 1750 females. It happens that 
a census of the population was made in the year 1731, which 
states the total number of the inhabitants at that time to 
have been 1636, viz. 782 males, and 854 females.* These 
numbers appear so very small that it will be desirable to test 
their accuracy as far as practicable, and to see how far they 
agree with estimates of the population derived from other 
sources. 

These can be calculated in two ways. One of them is 
by simply counting the baptisms and burials, and deduct- 
ing the latter from the former, thus finding out the number 
of persons added to the population. From January, 1731, 
to December, 1800, the baptisms registered in Hastings were 
4935, and the burials 3710, or 1225 less than the baptisms. 
Deduct 1225 from 3175, the population in 1801, and the 
result is 1950, or the estimated population in 1731, which 
exceeds the number given by Dr. Frewen by 314. 

The second mode of calculating the population is that 
which was adopted by Rickman {Census Report^ 1841, Pre- 
face, p. 35), and is based on the assumption that the average 
number of baptisms, burials, and marriages, at any given 
period, bore the same proportion to the existing population 
as in 1801. Thus, if in Hastings 104.0 baptisms in the 
year 1801 coincided with a population of 3175, what popu- 

1 See a letter from Dr. Frewen to xzxvii. p. 108), and qaoted by Moss 
Dr. Jurin, dated Jan. 28, 1730-1 , ioBerted {Higt, qf Hattingt^ p. 174), and others, 
in the PhUatophicaZ jhrantaoHons (voL 



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BBGISTEBS OF HASTINGS FABI8HES. 198 

lation is indicated by 57,6 baptisms in the year 1731? The 
population estimated in this manner from the baptisms is 
1770, from the burials it is 2194, from the marriages it is 
2048; and the mean of these numbers, or 2004, may be 
taken (as done by Rickman, p. 36) to represent the final result 
of the calculation.* This number exceeds that given by 
Dr. Frewen by 368. When it is borne in mind that the 
census in 1731 was taken immediately after a long and very 
seyere visitation of epidemic small-pox, when the population 
was diminished, not only by the number of deaths which had 
occurred, but also, probably, by the voluntary absence of 
such of the inhabitants as could conveniently leave the in- 
fected place, the difference between the number obtained by 
enumeration (1636), and those derived from the above calcu- 
lations (1950 and 2004), are not so great but that they may 
fairly be said to confirm each other, (See Tables on pp. 204 
to 206). 

In order to obtain the population of 1771, we may use the 
same two modes of calculation. 

I. — ^Population enumerated, 1731 1636 

Add excess of baptisms over burials between) aq^ 
1731 and 1770 j "^^^ 

Estimated population, 1771 

Add excess of baptisms over burials between] 

1771 and 1800 j 

Add probable influx of soldiers and strangers) n-.. 

towards the end of the last century ...j 

Population enumerated, 1801 ••• ... 3175 

Or, 11. — Population in 1771, calculated from baptisms 1862 

Ditto from burials 2241 

Ditto from marriages 1843 

* I haTe tested this mode of oaloolation in the oaee of the HastingB Begistration 
District, and have made an estimate of the population in 184L based on that of 
1851, with the following results:^ 




Popala- 
tionena- 
mented. 



Popohition ealoolated from 
Marriages. | Births> | Deaths- 



Average of 

8 preceding 

estimates. 



1841 



14,886 



18,120, or— 1715 1 15,270, or +484 | 14,880, or + 44 14,423, or —418 
The amount of error in this case is less than 8 per cent, which certainly may be 
considered a satisfiiMtory result 

xrv. 2 b 



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194 BEGISTERS OF HASTINGS PARISHES. 

The mean of these numbers is 1982, which agrees very 
nearly with the number arrived at by the former calculation, 
viz. 2017 : and the mean of these two calculations, or 2000, 
may be taken to represent the probable population in the year 
1771. 

Between the years 1701 and 1730 the baptisms ex- 
ceeded the burials only by about 70;' and if this number 
be deducted from 1636 (the population in the year 1731), 
the result is 1566, the estimated number of the inhabitants 
in the year 1701. The population in this year, calculated 
as above, from the baptisms, burials and marriages, would 
be 2105; and the mean of these two numbers, or 1835, is 
the probable number of the inhabitants in the year 1701. 

Between the years 1671 and 1700 the registers of All 
Saints parish are nine times defective, so that it would be 
unsafe to base any calculation on the relative numbers of 
baptisms and burials. By Rickman's mdde of calculation 
(which may be adopted for want of any more exact method) 
the population in the year 1671 may be reckoned at 2186. 

In the same way between the years 1631 and 1670 the 
registers of both parishes are in too defective a condition to 
allow of their being used for the purposes of calculation. If 
we again adopt Rickman's method the population in the year 
1631 may be estimated at 2083. 

Between the years 1601 and 1630 the registers are un- 
usually perfect. That of All Saints parish is defective in 
the year 1613, but the probable excess of baptisms over 
burials may be reckoned at about 200. By Rickman's cal- 
culation the population would in the year 1601 amount to 
exactly the number 1601, showing a much larger increase 
than appears from the parish registers. 

Between the years 1571 and 1600 the All Saints register 
is defective four times, and the St. Clement's register three 
times : it would therefore be unsafe to use them as the basis 
of any calculation. By Rickman's method the population in 
the year 1571 amounted to 1627. 

It will be borne in mind that all the above figures, except 
those relating to the years 1731 and 1801, are to be consi- 

* In one year, 1712, the register of to be defective; to supply this deficiency, 
burials in St. Clement's parish appears 18 burials have been added conjeoturally. 



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REGISTEES OF HASTINGS PARISHES. 195 

dered as approximative only, and also are to be taken as the 
basis of any further calculations only until some better esti- 
mates can be substituted. Probably they are sufficiently 
correct for all ordinary purposes ; and we shall not be far wrong 
in believing that in the latter part of the sixteenth century 
Hastings contained somewhat more than 1600 inhabitants; 
that at the beginning of the seventeenth century the popula- 
tion had slightly declined; that for 70 years it continued to 
increase, till it amounted to nearly 2200; that for the next 
60 years it again declined, till in the year 1731, immediately 
after a very severe epidemic, it had sunk to 1636 ; that it gra- 
dually began to recover itself, and in the latter part of the 
last century increased more rapidly than at any former period, 
till in the year 1801 it amounted to 3175. 

Since that time the population, total increase, and increase 
per cent., have been as follows : — 



A.D. 


Population. 


Total increase. 


Inoreaaeper 


1811. 


4025 


850 


26.77 


1821. 


6300 


2275 


56.53 


1831. 


10,231 


3931 


62.40 


1841. 


11,789 


1558 


15.23 


1851. 


17,621 


5832 


49.47 


1861. 


23,443 


5822 


33.04 



In 1731, the female part of the population out numbered 
the male, but not to the same extent as has since been the 
case. In 1731 they formed upwards of 52 per cent, of the 
total population; in 1801, and also in 1851 they formed up- 
wards of 55 per cent., and in 1861 upwards of 58 per cent., 
the population being — ^males, 9,792; females, 13,651. 

In going through the register of burials it is easy in some 
years to trace the results of various epidemic diseases that 
from time to time spread over different parts of the country, 
while in other instances we have no indications of the seasons 
that were so fatal in Hastings having been equally un- 
healthy elsewhere. The principal periods marked by the 
plague or other epidemic diseases were the following. 

By far the most fatal year recorded in the parish registers 
of Hastings is 1563,. when the burials amounted to 191. If 
the population be reckoned at 1700 in that year, the mor- 
tality must have been at the enormous rate of 112 per 1000. 

2b2 

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196 BEGISTEBS OF HASTINGS PABISHES. 

The cause of this excessive mortality (which occurred chiefly 
in the months of Augost, September, and October,) is not 
mentioned; but it may be safely attributed to the plague, as 
we find that in the same year, and especially in the same 
three months, this disease was raging to a fearful extent in 
the neighbouring town of Rye. (See Mr. W. D. Cooper's 
Notices of the last Great Plague^ &c., Arch: vol. 37, p. 3.) 
In Bascome's History of Epidemic Pestilences^ the Plague is 
not mentioned in connexion with this year, but we read 
(p. 88) that " there was a great dearth of corn and other 
provisions in London; famine and disease were the result, 
and 20,000 persons perished in consequence." 

In Rye there was another visitation of the Plague, but of 
somewhat less severity, in 1680 (see Mr. Cooper's Notices^ 
^c); but in this year the mortality in Hastings does not 
appear to have been above the average. 

In 1590 the burials were 110, the average number in the 
three previous years having been 63. 

In 1592 and '93 the burials were 85 and 81, chiefly in St. 
Clement's parish. " During the summer of 1592" (says Bas- 
come, p. 95) ^'the drought was extreme, and the autumn was 
sultry and variable. The river Thames was fordable at 
London, and epidemic pestilence destroyed 18,000 persons in 
that city. Various other parts of England also suffered from 
it." The following year (1593) was very fatal in London, 
where upwards of 11,500 died of the plague ( Collection of the 
Yearly BUls of Mortality, 1759). 

In 1597 the burials were 114, a larger number than had 
taken place in any year since 1563, and larger also than in 
any foUowing year before 1699. The mortality was chiefly 
in St. Clement's parish. In reference to the years at the 
end of this century, Bascome states (p. 95) that ^^ malignant 
fevers prevailed in England about these periods;" and it ap- 
pears that in Cranbrook (which was then a larger place than 
Hastings,) there died in the above year 222 persons, of whom 
181 were carried off by the plague (Graunt's Natural and 
Political Observations on the BUls of MortaHty, Appendix). 

In 1622 and '24 the burials amounted to 83 and 95. Li 
1622 (Isays Bascome, p. 100) " London was visited by epi- 
demic pestilence, which continued for four years;" and in 



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BEQISTBBS OF HASTINGS PARISHES. 197 

1625 the Plague once more prevailed in Rye, though in a 
less virulent form than on the two former occasions. (See 
Mr. Cooper's Notices^ ^c, p. 3.) 

In August 1626, the following entry (furnished to the writer 
by Mr. Cooper,) appears in the Hastings town books, and shows 
the precautions taken by the Mayor and Jurats to prevent in- 
fection : — " This Assembly perceiving the danger of the infec- 
tion of the plague now universally raging in divers parts of this 
Kingdom ; Therefore with general consent, the better (with 
God's mercy and grace,) to avoid the same in this Town, it is 
decreed, and the rather to meet with the wilful obstinacy of 
some unruly and disobedient persons, inhabitants of this Town, 
That hencrforth watch and ward shall be kept, and may in- 
tend at the Town's general charges in such number, and in 
several and needful places as Mr. Mayor and his Brethren 
shall think fit and appoint, to restrain all strangers, passen- 
gers and suspicious persons, repaying to the Town as they 
shall receive instructions from Mr. Mayor. 

^^ And it is also decreed that no person or persons, inhabi- 
tants of this town generally, aSs well innkeepers, ale-house- 
keepers, as other housekeepers, shall receive or suffer any 
stranger to dwell, lodge, or remain in any, their houses, tents, 
or outhouses, before Mr. Mayor be truly certified of them : — 
any person offending to the contrary to be fined £5. 

^^ Neither shall any person or persons, inhabitants of this 
town, tradesmen or others, buy, fetch, receive, or bring into 
this town or any part of the same, any manner of wares, mer- 
chandizes, cloth, hemp, apparel, wool, or other commodities 
whatsoever, from the City of London, or from any place in- 
fected or suspected of the contagion, without Mr. Mayor's 
privity, knowledge, and consent, under the like penalty, &c. 

" Special regard is by way of advice wished to be had by 
Mr. Mayor and his Brethren that no persons, strangers, or 
town dwellers, shall be suffered to drink and tipple immode- 
rately in this town ; and if any be taken refractory in this kind, 
they shall be censured by Mr. Mayor and his Brethren." 

In each of the years 1638, '39, and '40 the burials were 
above the average, and in 1641 the number reached 100. 
Bascome says (p. 103) that in 1639 ^^ there was a severe 
frost in England, which continued for nine weeks, commenc- 



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198 REGISTEBS OF HASTINGS FABISHES. 

ing on December 24. London was visited by epidemic pesti- 
lence of a severe type," In Cranbrook also the first three 
years seem to have been unusually fatal, but in 1641 the 
burials there did not exceed the average number. 

In 1643 the burials were 83, or 16 above the average 
number of the previous ten years. The same year was also 
very fatal at Cranbrook. 

The year 1653 must have been one of very great mortality . 
Only eleven burials are mentioned in the register of All 
Saints, (which is very defective from 1647 to 1653,) but the 
St. Clement's register contains a notice of 89, of which num- 
ber no less than 39 took place in the months of April and 
May. No cause can with certainty be assigned for the 
unusual mortality of this year, which does not appear to 
have been equally fatal in London and elsewhere. 

In 1663 "severe pestilence prevailed in England" (Bas- 
come, p. 108). In the same year 62 burials are noticed in 
the St. Clement's register at Hastings, and 25 in that of All 
Saints, which is probably defective. The mortality occurred 
principally in the autumnal months (Sept., Oct., and Nov.) 

In 1665 and the former half of the following year, the plague 
was raging in London. It is not known whether the same 
disease spread to Hastings, and as the register of All Saints 
parish is defective in those years, the number of burials is 
not preserved. In St. Clement's parish the mortality in 
these two years does not appear to have exceeded the average.* 

In the following year, however, (1667) there appears 
to have been a great mortality in St. Clement's 
parish, chiefly in the months of April, May, and June. The 
number of burials in this parish was 61, in All Saints it 
was 29, besides those that were unregistered. 

In 1686 the All Saints register is again defective, and 
contains only four burials, but the St. Clement's register 
contains 92. The mortality seems to have begun in the 
winter of 1685-6, and to have continued to the end of the 
following July, if not longer. The burials in London in 
1686 were only a little above the average number. 

* In Oct., 1666, the London Gazette were free, yet to prevent it<s further 

contained a proclamation stating that the spreading, the fair usually kept on llth 

infection being much spread about the November was directed not to be holden. 

town of Battel, though the inhabitants See Mr. Cooper's MticeSj ^., p. 21. 



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REGISTERS OF HASTINGS PARISHES. 199 

In the years 1690, '91, and '92 the mortality was exces- 
sive, the burials being upwards of 88, (for the All Saints 
register is defective here,) 104, and 89. The most fatal 
season seems to have been the autumn (viz. Sept., Oct., Nov.) 
of 1691, in which three months there were 52 burials. The 
cause of this unusual mortality is not noticed. 

The autumn of 1699 was especially unhealthy; no less 
than 81 burials took place in the three months of Sept, Oct., 
and Nov.; and the total number during the year was 134. 
But here also the fatal disease is not mentioned, nor is it 
possible to guess its nature with any degreee of certainty. 
Bascome says (p. 116) that "fatal catarrh prevailed in Eng- 
land" in 1699, but this is hardly likely to have been the case 
in autumn. 

In 1711 the burials in the four months July, Aug., Sept., 
and Oct. amounted to 103, and in the whole year to 160, 
but the nature of the fatal disease is not specified. 

The former part of 1729 appears to have been unusually 
healthy, as only 42 burials took place in the whole year; but 
towards the end of the year small-pox made its appearance 
in the town, and continued without intermission till the 
beginning of the year 1731. A notice of this epidemic is to 
be found in the letter from Dr. Frewen mentioned above, 
wherein he states that 705 persons (or more than one third of 
the whole population of the town,) were attacked by the dis- 
ease, of which number 97 died, and 608 recovered (includ- 
ing four that were inoculated) ; that 206 persons escaped it, 
and that 50 died of other diseases during the time. What 
is meant by 206 persons " escaping" the small-pox is not 
quite clear, but the rest of this statement is incidentally con- 
firmed by the parish registers. In the All Saints register of 
burials from Nov. 8, 1729, to Jan. 5, 1730-1, the names of 
41 persons are marked with a cross or asterisk, and in the 
St. Clement's register 48, which mark was no doubt intended 
to point out those who were carried off by small-pox. The 
disease was most fatal in August and September, in which 
two months the number of burials amounted to 45. With 
respect to the mention by Dr. Frewen of inoculation, it will 
be remembered that this practice was introduced into Eng- 
land a very few years before he wrote, viz. in 1721. 



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200 BEGISTEBS OF HASTINGS PAfilSHES. 

The town seems to have coDtinued in a healthy state till 
the close of the century. In 1794 the burials amounted to 
87, or 31 above the average of the previous ten years; and 
in 1797 to 113, or 51 above the average. In the latter year 
the whole of the excess of mortality was caused by small-pox, 
which began to prevail towards the end of December, 1796, 
and continued till the following February or March. In 
these three months 11 persons are stated to have "died of 
small-pox in the natural way," and 61 "in consequence of 
inoculation." * 

This appears to have been the last really severe epidemic 
visitation of small-pox in Hastings ; for the occasional deaths 
caused by this disease from time to time in the present day, 
which occasion great alarm when they occur, would have 
been reckoned a very slight visitation indeed at the end of 
the last century. Indeed, the whole state of things in those 
days appears to us so strange as to be almost unintelligible; 
nor can we fiilly realize the existence of " pest-houses," with 
"guards to prevent persons from improperly visiting the 
said houses," "the expense of guards and other things neces- 
sary to keep the said distemper out of the town," the " pro- 
secution at the expense of the parish, or by subscription, of 
every person in future who shall appear to be the occasion of 
the small-pox being brought into this parish," the " prosecu- 
tion by indictment of any persons who shall in future return 
into the town after having been inoculated, without a certifi- 
cate first obtained from their doctor, certifying that such 
persons are not infectious," the " immediate application hj 
the parish officers to the inoculating doctors earnestly en- 
treating them not to inoculate any more persons this summer," 
&c., &c. (see the curious note in Moss, p. 174). From all 
this worry and alarm (besides the actual danger,) we have 
been happily delivered, and perhaps this very deliverance 
may be one cause why some persons are inclined to doubt the 
reality or the extent of the dangers they have escaped, and 
to undervalue the great means whereby this improvement in 
the public health has been effected, viz. Vacdnatian. 

• In this year the disease was prera- aU claases ; houses being specially set 
lent in all the districts round Hastings, apart for the reception of the patients.— 
and inoculation was general amongst (Nate by Mr, Cooper,) 



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BEGISTEBS OF HASTINGS PARISHES. 201 

1803. "Influenza,'' says Bascome (p. 147), "overspread 
the British Isles in the spring of this year, causing great 
mortality." In Hastings the burials amounted to 94, or 24 
above the average of the ten previous years. The deaths 
occurred principally in March and April, and in the parish 
of All Saints, where 68 persops died in the course of the year, 
of whom 30 were infants. 

In each of the years 1804 and 1805 the number of burials 
amounted to 85, tibe greater part of which were in the parish 
of All Saints. In 1804, out of 61 persons who died in this 
parish, 29 were infants. 

In 1810 the burials amounted to 182, a larger number 
than had taken place in any year since 1563. It must how- 
ever be remembered that in 1563 the population of the town 
was probably less than 1700, whereas in 1810 it was about 
4000, so that the rate of mortality per 1000 in this latter 
year, though enormously high, was only 45, instead of 112. 
The cause of the mortality, which occurred chiefly in Aug., 
Sept., and Oct., is not known; but out of 92 burials in All 
Saints' parish 46 were of infants, and of 90 persons who 
died in St. Clement's parish 30 were soldiers. 

In 1813 the new Parish Registers were adopted, and since 
that time there have been more than two sets in the town. 
As only those of All Saints' and St. Clement's parishes have 
been examined, the total number of burials cannot be given ; 
but it may be mentioned that in the years 1814, 1822, 1823, 
1826, 1827, 1829, 1830, the mortality appears to have 
been above the average. 

Lastly, it is interesting to enquire whether the rate of 
mortality in Hastings in former times was higher or lower 
than it is in the present day; and it is satisfactory to be 
able to state that the public health must, within the last 130 
years, have improved very considerably. We cannot, of 
course, pretend to calculate the rate of mortality from the 
presumed amount of the population, when we have al- 
ready calculated the amount of the population from the 
presumed rate of mortality; and therefore we cannot say any- 
thing of the rate of mortality before the year 1731, when 
the earliest census took place of which any detailed record 
has been preserved. The burials between Jan. 1726 and 

XIV. 2 c 

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202 BEQISTEBS OF HASTINGS PARISHES. 

Dec. 1735 (taking the five years before and after Jan. 1731) 
amonnted to 625, which is at the very high annual rate of 
38.2 per 1000. By the beginning of the present century 
the rate of mortality had greatly decreased, and (calculated 
in the same way from the years 1796 to 1805) amounted to 
23.7 per 1000. In 1851 it had been still fiirther reduced 
to about 18.7 per 1000, and there is no reason to think that 
the state of the public health in Hastings has been less 
favourable since that time.^ 



The following extracts, &c., from the registers may be 
interesting. 

Both registers appear to have been copied at first from 
some earlier documents, and accordingly the commencement 
of each shews some confusion in dates and other particulars. 
The All Saints' Register commences Nov., 1559, meaning 
probably to begin with the reign of Elizabeth, in Nov., 1558 ; 
and in the St. Clement's register the dates from June to 
November 1560 appear to be entered 1559, as Martin 
Brabon,^ who is said to have been bailiff in Aug., 1559, 
was not in office till the following year, 1560. 

1574. April 4« Penance done on Palm Sunday in St. 
Clement's Church. 

1585. Nov. 15. "The Priory" mentioned in the St. 
Clement's register, and again 1590, December 22, and 1601, 
AprU 19. 

1609. Mention in the All Saints' register of a license to 
eat meat in Lent. 

1620. Oct. 15, a man " slain by the hailing up of his 
father's ship — called the Blessing upon Sunday," in All 
Saints. 

1620-1. March 7, "died, being excommunicated, and 
buried out of the listes of [All Saints'] church-yard, near 
to the fiirther battery, nee in preesentia Rectoris, nee cujusvis 
alii (^ic)." 

1621. April 18, buried in All Saints' church-yard "a 

« Since writing the above sentence the Registration District was nearly 18.8 per 

writer has seen an extract from the last 1000, which is a still further reduction* 
Report of the Registrar-General, in which ^ He is called Martin in the Register, 

it is stated, that in the ten years, 1851 not Mark, as in the List of Bailiffs and 

to 1860, the death-rate in the Hastings Mayors. 

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BEGISTBBS OP HASTINGS JPARISHES, 203 

stranger who paid me for his outward garment 2* 6*." A 

similar entry occurs Dec, 16, 1621. 

1628. Aug. 4, buried in St. Clement's church-yard, a man 

slain by " the enemy off Shoram." This was during the war 

with France, which had begun in the previous year. 
1639. April 23, buried " Mr. John Barley, Mayor/' ^ 
1641. March, "killed by a shot from sea." 
1641. July, buried " William Lovell, Mayor.'' » 
1654. Marriages began to be performed by the Mayor, 

or the Justice of tibe Peace, the banns having been previously 

published in the market-place on three market-days, or in a 

church on three Lord's-days/® 

1658. Dec. Marriages were again celebrated by the 

minister of the parish. 

1677. March 15, buried, a widow, belonging to St. Cle- 
ment's parish, " excommimicated." 

1678. June 19, buried in St. Andrew's church-yard 
under the Castle, a widow, belonging to St. Clement's parish, 
who died " excommunicate." 

1700. May 29, buried a man "without the funeral office, 
he having hanged himself" (St. Clement). 

1704. May 1, buried a woman " in a place near the Castle, 
she having hanged herself" (St. Clement). 

1705-6. March 6, buried Mr. Richard Waller, Town 
Clerk (All Saints). 

At the end of the third vol. of the All Saints' register 
(where some leaves have been cut out,) is the following note : 
— " N.B. This book had part thus cut out when I, Richard 
Nairn, received it upon the death of the late incumbent, the 
Rev. Mr. James Cranston. Nov. 27, 1726." 

About the middle of the last century Hastings was a sta- 
tion for troops, as it was at the beginning of the present 
century. In 1747, May 11, mention is made in the St. Cle- 
ment's register of General Hawley's dragoons, and in 1750-1, 
March 12, of Major Preston's company of dragoons. The 
baptism of the children of several soldiers is recorded be- 
tween the years 1760 and 1760. 

* There is a brass in the church to William Lovelies name does not appear 

another John Barley, who died in 1601. in the List of Mayors till 1657. 

> There must be some mistake or con- *<^ Under the Ordinance passed ^th 

fiision of date, in the Register here, as Sept, 1658. 



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204 



BEOISTEBS OF HASTINGS PARISHES. 



1758. May 31, buried "John Jacob Sur, the linguist, 
belonging to Capt. Greyling's privateer'* (St. Clement). 

1768. Sept. 13, buried " Jer. Wright, suffocated by tiie 
straitness of his handkerchief." 

1768. Oct. 8, buried a corporal, "without the office" (St. 
Clement). 

1805. Feb. 13, baptized " Samuel Ellis, son of Susannah, 
bom after 13 months' absence of Charles Ellis, who is a pri- 
soner in France." (All Saints). 

The registers also contain the mention of two matters, 
which are found in other similar documents, and which ap- 
pear strange to modem readers, viz. the enforced burial of 
the corpse in woollen,^^ and the tax on births, marriages, 
and burials.^' For information on both these subjects the 
reader may consult the Notes and Queries^ 1st series, yols. 
2, 3, 5, 6, 10, and 2nd series, voL 3. 



AVERAGE NUMBER of BAPTISMS, BURIALS, asd MARRIAGES, 
Iv THB Ybabs 1671, 1601, 1681, 1671, 1701, 1781, 1771, and 1801. 







BAPTISMS. 1 




BURIALS. 


ICABBIAGES. 


A.D. 


Alia 


StOL 


Totel. 


AUS. 


St. 01. Total. 


All a St CL 


Total. 


1669 


19 


21 


40 


22 


24 46 


8 8 


11 


1670 


22 


22 


44 


11 


22 88 


7 8 


15 


1671 


17 


27 


44 


18 


28 86 


11 10 


21 


1672 


16 


24 


40 


14 


40 64 


6 18 


18 


1678 » 


■•• 


... 


... 


... 


... ... 





... 


Sum 


74 


94 


168 


60 


109 169 


26 89 


65 


Mean 


18.6 


28.6 


42.0 


16.0 


27.2 42.2 


6.6 9.7 


16.2 


1699 


19 


20 


89 


...» 


... ... 


6 4 


9 


1600 


88 


28 


61 


8 


28 81 


2 14 


16 


1601 


16 


28 


44 


16 


26 41 


6 18 


19 


1602 


29 


85 


64 


18 


16 28 


2 8 


10 


1608 


27 


40 


67 


16 


21 86 


7 14 


21 


8am 


124 


161 


276 


61 
12.8 


86 186 
21.2 84.0 


22 68 


76 


Mean 


24.8 


80.2 


66.0 


4.4 10.6 


16.0 



" Under the Aot 80 Charles IL, o. 8. • Omitted, because the raters are 

1* 6th and 7th WiUiam III., c. 6. imperfect 
Bachelors and widowers were by the same 
Aot taxed Is. yearly. 



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BEOISTEBS OB HASTINOS FABISHES. 



205 







BAPTISMS. 




BURIALS. 


MABRIAOES. 


AJ>. 


Alia 


SkCL 


Total 


Alls 


St. 01. 


Total. 


Alls. 


StCL 


Total. 


1629 


81 


58 


89 


19 


84 


BS 


18 


12 


25 


1680 


20 


48 


68 


12 


40 


52 


10 


8 


18 


1681 


27 


85 


62 


14 


80 


44 


5 


7 


12 


1682 


81 


88 


69 


10 


49 


59 


5 


6 


11 


1688 


28 


45 


68 


11 


46 


57 


9 


11 


20 


Sam 


182 
26.4 


219 
48.8 


851 
70.2 


66 


199 


265 


42 


89 


81 


Mean 


18.2 


89.8 


58.0 


8.4 


7.8 


16.2 


1669 


16 


48 


64 


24 


49 


78 


1 d 


8 


11 


1670 


14 


65 


69 


80 


58 


88 


5 


14 


19 


1671 


16 


42 


57 


10 


65 


75 


6 


9 


16 


1672 


•••» 


... 






... 




1 


9 


10 


1678 


21 


54 


76 


12 


89 


51 
282 


8 


1 


4 


Sam 


66 


199 


265 


76 


206 


18 
8.6 


41 


59 


Mean 


16.5 


49.7 


66.2 


19.0 


51.5 


70.5 


8.2 


11.8 


1699 


22 


42 


64 


...b 






2 


12 


14 


1700 


11 


49 


60 


21 


87 


58 


15 


9 


24 


1701 


24 


87 


61 


26 


18 


48 


9 


21 


80 


1702 


16 


48 


59 


20 


24 


44 


6 


11 


17 


1708 


26 


29 


55 


22 


84 


56 


4 


18 


22 


Sam 


99 


200 


299 


88 


118 


201 


86 
7.2 


71 


107 


Mean 


19.8 


40.0 


59.8 


22.0 


28.2 


50.2 


14.2 


21.4 


1729 


22 


82 


54 


17 


25 


42 


5 


9 


14 


1780 


18 


86 


54 


...i> 


... 


..• 


9 


5 


14 


1781 


27 


89 


66 


25 


21 


46 


28 


10 


88 


1782 


28 


81 


59 


22 


27 


49 


16 


5 


21 


1783 


27 


28 


55 


29 


20 


49 


10 


10 


20 


Sam 


122 


166 


288 


98 


98 


186 


68 


89 


102 


Mean 


24.4 


88.2 


57.6 


28.2 


28.8 


46.5 


12.6 


7.8 


20.4 


1769 


88 


29 


62 


SQ 


28 


59 


2 


11 


18 


1770 


82 


27 


59 


26 


17 


48 


6 


20 


26 


1771 


27 


88 


60 


24 


17 


41 


9 


18 


22 


1772 


88 


81 


64 


28 


22 


50 


7 


4 


11 


1778 


24 


84 


58 


27 


21 


48 1 


4 


14 


18 


Sam 


149 


154 


808 


141 


100 


241 1 


28 


62 


90 


Mean 


29.8 


80.8 


60.6 


28.2 


20.0 


48.2 


5.6 


12.4 


18.0 


1799 


87 


58 


95 


84 


27 


61 


15 


25 


40 


1800 


48 


65 


118 


45 


20 


65 


14 


18 


27 


1801 


46 


48 


94 


48 


24 


67 


8 


21 


29 


1802 


48 


78 


116 


27 


28 


55 


14 


16 


80 


1808 


48 


59 


102 


58 


86 


94 


12 


17 


29 


Sam 


217 


808 


520 


207 


185 


842 j 


68 


92 


155 


Mean 


48.4 


66.0 


104.0 


41.4 


27.0 


68.4 


12.6 


18.4 


81.0 



* Omitted, beoaoae 
imperfeot, 
^ Omittedi because 



the regigteiB are 
the number is bo 



fu aboye the average 
for our purpose. 



as to be usdesB 



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206 



BEGISTEBS OF HASTINGS PARISHES. 



POPULATION OALCULATBD FROM THB PRECEDING AVERAGES. 











Ayerage of 8 


Moat 




Popalation calculated from 


preceding 


probable 


A.D. 


Bapt. 


Bur. 


Mar. 


colamoB. 


1 amount 


1671 


1282 


1961 


1688 


162T 


1627 


1601 


1679 


1588 


1586 


1601 


1601 


1631 


2137 


2474 


1688 


2088 


2088 


1671 


20U 


8315 


1229 


2186 


2186 


1701 


1832 


2834 


2150 


2105 


1885 


1781 


1770 


2194 


2048 


2004 


♦1636 


1771 


1862 


2241 


1848 


1982 


2000 


1801 











•8176 



* By actual enumeration. 



NUMBER OF BAPTISMS AND BURIALS, FROM 1568 TO 1800. 





Number of 


Excess of 


A.D. 


Bapt. 


Bur. 


Baptisms. 


1668 to 1570 


691 


478 


118 


1571 to 1600 


1478 


1471 


7 


1601 to 1680 


1898 


1696 


202 


1681 to 1670 


2129 


2248 


—114 


1671 to 1700 


2006 


1800 


206 


1701 to 1780 


1844 


1757 


87 


1781 to 1770 


2402 


2021 


881 


1771 to 1800 


2588 


1689 


844 



Total 



14,881 18,150 



1781 



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CHroDINGLY CHURCH, 1852, 
From a Drawing by M. A. Lower, F.S^. 



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PAROCHIAL HISTORY OF 

CHIDDINGLY. 

By mark ANTONY LOWER, M,A, F.S.A 



CnroDiNGLY, a parish containing 4393a. 3r. 16p., is situated 
in the huncB*d of Shiplake and Rape of Pevensey, and is 
surrounded by the parishes of Waldron, Hellingly, Arlington, 
Chalvington, Ripe, Laughton, and East Hothly. A small 
portion of the parish lies in the hundred of Dill. In physical 
character it resembles many of its neighbour parishes of the 
Weald, to which it locally and geologically belongs. Its 
features, however, are no longer those of the great primeval 
forest of Anderida ; since the operation of the iron-works in for- 
mer times, and the extension of agriculture in more recent 
days, have to a great extent denuded it of the woods which 
anciently covered the greater portion of its area.* On its 
northern side, however, there still remain considerable tracts 
of woodland. The surface is for the most part varied by 
agreeable undulations, and although none of the eminences 
attain any great elevation, it has been said that the parish 
may be considered in one respect to equal the " eternal city,'' 
inasmuch as, like old Rome, it stands upon seven hills. These 
little eminences are known as Stone-Hill, Gun-Hill,' Thunder's 
HUl, Burgh-HQl, Holms-HiU, Scraper's-HiU, and Pick-Hill. 
The last-mentioned is the only spot which commands an 
extensive prospect, but from it the whole parish appears 
spread out as on a map. Woods, pastures, arable ground, 
farmsteads, devious roads, and deep-drawn ravines, lie before 

> In 1839, thewoodlandBofthepftriBh dition, was originally kept by a man 

amounted to 774a. Ir. 8p. who had been a cannon-founder at the 

' So named from liie pnblic-house Stream-iron-works. 
called the Gun, which, according to tra- 



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208 PABOCmAL mSTOBY OP CHIDDINGLY. 

the spectator in * commingled beauty' and * amiable irregu- 
larity' — the distant South Downs forming a bold and beau- 
tiful back-ground to the charming picture. 

Too remote from railways, either existent or probable, I 
am afraid that this respectable old parish has seen its best 
days.^ Stage-coaches used to traverse its length and its 
breadth ; but the days of stage-coaches having * ceased and 
determined/ the chances of commercial improvement are very 
small. The population has considerably decreased, and the 
inhabitants are now exclusively employed in agriculture and 
trade. It was far otherwise a few generations since, when 
according to tradition there were no fewer than seven private 
coaches kept in it, there being that number of resident gentry 
families. An Eastbourne guide, published in 1787, speaking 
of Chiddingly church, says : " This church was formerly so 
much frequented, that when Halland was inhabited by the 
Felham family, and other families resided in the neighbour- 
hood, there have been, within the memory of persons now 
living, at least fourteen coaches on a Sunday." 

Of the history of the parish anterior to Domesday Book, 
I have little to record. It would appear that the Romans 
availed themselves of the ferruginous treasures of the wealden 
formations of the upper part of the parish, where among the 
scoriae or cinders of the long extinct iron-works, fragments 
of Samian and other Roman pottery have been found. A 
fine coin of Severus was dug up about thirty years since, Ufjar 
the southern boundaries of the parish. 

The name of the parish is clearly Saxon ; and its final 
syllable ly (anciently lyghe), is common to several neigh- 
bouring places. With Hellingly on one hand and East Hothly 
on the other, it formerly had the alias of MidcUe-lj; but 
this is now obsolete. The termination leak generally signi- 
fies field or district, sometimes, according to Professor Leo, 
a woody neighbourhood ; but the meaning of Chidding is not 
so easily explained. There is a Chiddingly wood in the pa- 
rish of Ardingly; in Surrey there is the parish of Chidding- 
fold; and in Kent that of Chidding-5*(m^. It is clear that 

' Unless indeed it should hereafter sand-pit in the parish some laminaB of 
turn up as an English M Dorado — for gold. 
Dr. Mantell found in the strata of a 



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PAROCHIAL HISTORY OF CHIDDINGLY. 209 

these names have, as te the first and second syllables, a 
common etymology ; what that etymology is, let us now in- 
quire. 

I was formerly of opinion that the two syllables Chidding 
were identical with the Anglo-Saxon cidina^ contention, which 
would make Chidding-ly the field or district about which 
contentions (chidings) had arisen; but neither in this case, 
nor in the Kent and Surrey parishes above alluded to, do I 
find that the respective localities were at any period, par 
excellence, " debateable ground." I suspect, then, that we 
must look to a more obvious origin for the qualifying epithet 
Chidding. 

Numerous places in Sussex, and indeed throughout Eng- 
land, have names composed of three syllables, the last of 
which is a generic word, such as Zy, wood, ford, ton, ham, 
and the like, the middle or penultimate syllable being ing. 
In this immediate district for instance, we have Arhn^n, 
Chalvm^n, Folkm^n, Wilmzn^n; Ardm^ly, Hellm^ly, 
Etchm^ly Wood, (in Surrey, Bletchingly) ; Sessm^rham, Bed- 
dm^ham, Wellm^ham, Etchm^ham; Possm^orth, Atlm^- 
worth, and many others. Since, then, this ing is an ingre- 
dient in so many local names, it is clear that it must have 
some marked and distinct signification, and this is satisfac- 
torily pointed out in Mr. Wright's History of Ludlow : 

** Nameg of places having ina in the middle are generally formed from patrony- 
mics, which in Anglo-Saxon had this termination. Thus, a son of Alfred was an 
Alfreding ; his descendants in general were Alfredingas, or Alfredings. These 
patronymics are generally compounded with ham, tun, ko, ; and whenever we can 
find the name of the place in pure Saxon documents, we have the patronymic in the 
genitive case plural. Thus, Birmingham was Beorminga-ham — ^the home or resi- 
dence of the sons or descendants of Beorm. There are not many names of this form 
in the neighbourhood of Ludlow; Berrington (Beoringatun) was, perhaps, the 
indosure of the sons or fiunily of Beor, and Gulmington that of the fietmily of 
Culm." 

The name of Chiddingly, then, is Saxon, signifying the 
abode of the offspring of Caed, Chid, or perhaps Chad, 
a well-known name. Equally Saxon are the designations of 
several of the farms and lands within its boundaries ; e.g : — 

Friths farm (A.-Sax.,/nVA,) a wood. 

BuRGHiLL (A.-Sax. beorh,) a hill: the second syllable is 
therefore a pleonasm. 

Easterfields. * Eoster' was an A.-Sax. goddess, whose 

XIV. 2d 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



210 PABOCHIAL mSTOBT OF CHIDDINGLY. 

feast was held in the month of April, and hence by the 
accommodating policy of the Roman missionaries, her name 
was given to the great Christian festival which terminates 
the season of Lent. Whether the small estate known by 
this name had anything to do with the cultus of Eoster must 
for ever remain simple matter of conjecture,* but we know 
that in several instances the designations of the Anglo-Saxon 
divinities did become affixed to places where they were spe- 
cially venerated; e.g. Tewkesbury is derived from Tuisco, 
and Wednesbury firom Woden. 

Debne (A.-Sax. dearn) a secret, hidden, or lonely spot. 
This epithet accurately describes the locality at the present 
day. 

PiCKHiLL. (A.-Sax. pic) a peak, point, or top. 

Eastknowle. fA.-Sax. cnoU) a hill or eminence. 

Bolt (wood, &c.) (A.-Sax. holt) a house or dwelling. 

The first actual mention of Chiddingly is found in Domes- 
day Book. That venerable record informs us that it was 
accounted part of the territory of the Earl of Moreton (that 
is, of the Rape of Pevensey^, and that Ralph and Godwin 
held one rood-land of that personage. Before the Conquest 
Aelmar had held it of King Edward, as free or allodial land, 
and it had always been assessed at the quantity stated. The 
arable was three ploughlands. There was one plough in the 
demesne, two villains with a plough, and a mill with the miller 
yielding four shillings. There was another rood-land situated 
m the Rape of Hastings, which had been uninterruptedly 
valued at twenty shillings. Cetelingeiy as the scribe is pleased 
to write it, formed part of the hundred of Edlueston. That 
hundred appears to have been nearly co-extensive with the 
now existing one of Shiplake, though it is difficult, if not 
impossible, to say when the change of name and boundary 
took place.* The modem hundred of Shiplake includes the 
parishes of Waldron, East Hothly, Chiddingly, Ripe, Chalving- 

4 At Ghailey, a small bridge on the XIIL oentary. There is a parish of the 

old London road glories in the name of same name in Oxfordshire. In both in- 

<* Pig*8 Easter bridge." stances, the derivation seems to be from 

ft In the Bot Hundred, it is called A.-Sax. Scof^ sheep, and leag^ or leah^ 

Sohepelake, which shows that the field or distnot. 
modem designatioa dates back to the 



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PAROCHIAIi HISTOBY OF CHIDDINGLY. 211 

ton, and Laughton. The Domesday hundred of Edlueston 
comprised the manors of 

Claveham^ Claverham, in the parish of Arlington.^ 

Ripe^ Rype. 

*Achintone^ Eckington, part of RypeJ 

Calvintone^ Chalvington. 

Waldrene^ Waldron. 

Lestone^ Legton, Leghton, Laughton. 

Estothingham^ East HotUy? 

Cetelingeij Cetenglei, Chiddingly. 

The valuation of the miller with the mill of Chiddingly is 
a singular piece of feudalism, and not to be found elsewhere, I 
think, in Domesday. The mill was probably either the existing 
mill at Streame, or one which stood lower down a branch of 
the Cuckmere, at a spot which is still known as Old Mill. 

The manor of Cetelingei was doubtless identical and co- 
extensive with the present manor of Chiddingly, which includes 
about a fifth part only of the parish, although it extends into 
those of Willingdon, Waldron, and Heathfield. This last 
parish being within the Kape of Hastings, it is probable that 
the extra rood-land mentioned was situated there. The 
remaining portions of the parish lie in the manors of Laugh- 
ton, Willingdon, and Foxhunt. 

The next document of importance relating to the parish is 
the Subsidy Roll of 24 Edw. I (1296), which contains the 
taxation of this and the adjoining parish of East Hothly in one 
list.® It is impossible now to discriminate the proprietors 
belonging to the respective parishes, though from the names, 
as associated with those of existing lands, it would appear 
that the earlier portion of the list refers to East Hothly, and 
the latter to Chiddingly. 

• Aooording to the Barrell MSS., a than at the present day. What is now 

portion of Chiddingly is included in the a mere rivulet, must then hare heen a 

manor of Claverham, now extinct considerahle sestuary, depositing its 

7 It should be remarked that the saline treasures upon the bank (ripa), 

origfinal name of what is now called from which the manor and parish of 

Rype was Eckington. There was, how- Rype took their name. In a document 

ever, a Domesday manor of Ripe, which, of the XIV. century, the district is 

with the neighbouring one of Laughton, curiously described as **the ripe of 

possessed many salt-pans ; which shows Laughton." 

that at the time of the Survey the tidal • Kindly communicated by W. D. 

waters of the Ouse, or rather of its Cooper, Esq., F.S.A. 
tributary, the ^toh, flowed much higher 

2d2 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



212 



PAROCHIAL HISTORY OF CHIDDINGLY. 



VILLAT' DB HODLEGH AND CHYTYNGELEGH. 



Bobr*o atte Bokholte 
Marger' de Wylegho 
Laur* le Wodeward 
Rob'ro Carle 
Nicholas atte Ferche 
Willmo le Coupe 
Ric*ro Stullac 
Walt'o atte Ferche 
Johnne le Dondel 
Willmo Bryerych 
Walt^o le Swon 
Rob^ro le Dondel 
Gregor atte Bokholte 
Wilhno de Hodlegh 
Nicol at Swete Telgh 
Willmo Garlande 
Thom Emming 
Willmo de Cobbeforde 
Willmo atte Foide 
Thom Goldyng 
Wmmo atte Wat*e 
Bob^ro Hardynge 
Henr le FuUere 
WUlmo le Maresoal 
Hargar de Posyngeworth 
Johnne Hemmynge 
Johnne de Redyngebregg 
Rogero de Cobbeforde 
WUlmo Lepard 
Rob'ro le Ster 
Rob^ro de Edwrytesh*m 
Willmo de Edwrytesh'm 
Nioolao Wylard 
Joh*e Heryngaud 
Jacob le Frylend 



Thoma Greylon 
Hugon de Cam'a 
Robro le Eoker 
Robro le Bjrrche 
Simon de Cam*a 
Ricro atte Hoke 



iij« x«> 
xiii* ix<* ob 

y« ^ q» 
iy* iiy** ob 

yj» yd 

viij* obq* 

y" ag<* ob 

v» viy<* ob 

v» iy* ob q* 

xiiij* q* 

iiy« viy* 

iy» V* q* 

XV* q* 

xxiij* 

xyj** ob 

v« j* ob 

iy" vj* ob 

yj^ j* ob q» 

iiU* y* ob q» 

xvy* ob 

xviy* ob 

xy« go q; 

xiy* 

^t 

xiy* 
xix* 

xxij* q» 

«' 

if j* ob q» 

▼ii« j* 

y« iiy^ ob 



Henr' de Posyng 
Willmo Maufe 
Rado de Chyfelbei^gh 
Mioho de Chyfelbergh 
Simon de Bromh'mme 
Rog^o de Bromham 
Robro le Berd 
Miche le Berd 
Thoma le Noch 
Miche le Pott'e 
Willmo ater Pluche 
Gilebro le Eoker 
Henr de Hambel^gh 
Robro de Peke 
Thoma le Rene 
Willmo de Peke 
Rado atte Nasse 
Rado le Eyng 
Robro atte Hamme 
Johnne ater Rede 
Ricro atte Vosepole 
Willmo ater Dykore 
Andr* de Hilleshers 
Johnne de Hylleshen 
Rado le Eoo 
Gregor Brunekoo 
Walt'o de Oxemers 
Rado atte Hothe 
Marger atte Brodelonde 
Robro de Chyselbergh 
Walt'o de Honewyke 
Wilhno atte HeUhe 
Johnne Fraunoeys 
Rado le Pott'e 



Sm» xy w x]« j* ob. 



JURATL 



v» iiij* q» 

yj» yd 

vj» X* ob 

iiij* ix* 

ii]« v* ob q» 

iij* V* ob q» 



Johnne atteWat^e 
Robro atte Beigh 
Thoma de Lulleh^m 
Henr le Rede 
Nicolao Garlaunde 
Rado de Steckloee 



xvij* ob 

xvij* 3J* 

iiy* ob 

vig» q* 

ix" ob q» 

yj* viy* ob 

iy» viy* ob 

xviy** ob 

y* iij* q* 

y« y* q* 

y» viij* 

xiij* 

iy» viy* ob 

V* vy* ob q» 

y« yo q* 

iy" viy* ob 

iy* iy* 

xyj^ ob q» 

xix* 

y» iiij* ob 

iiij" X* ob 

vj" ob q» 

iij* j** ob 

xviij** ob 

xiiij* ob 

xij* 

xij* 

xiiij* q» 

xvij* ob 

xiiij* q» 

ii« V* ob q» 

ij" iii* ob q» 

ij« vj* ob q» 

iy" iiij* oT 



o\* 



ij' j* ob q* 

ij" y* ob q« 

iij* ix* 

iij* ix* 

iij«.x* q« 

ij" vy* 



At the date of this document surnames had but recently 
begun to be assumed by small proprietors and the common 
people, and the names which it comprises, therefore, enable 
us to identify many of the estates and lands with family 
designations of the foca? class, some of which are still extant, 
though the majority are extinct, in this neighbourhood. 

Eoberte at Bokholte doubtless borrowed his surname from 



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PAROCHIAL HISTORY OP CHIDDINGLY. 213 

Buckholt, in the parish of Bexhill, as did Margery de Wy- 
leghe hers from Whiligh in that of East Hothly. Then we 
have a William de Hodlegh, who was doubtless a principal 
parishioner of the latter parish. Margery de Possingworth 
must have been of Waldron extraction, and Simon of Brom- 
hamme's lands are yet known as Broomham, on the confines 
of Laughton.^ Hamley, or Amley, in the eastern part of the 
parish furnished a family name to Henry de Hambelegh. 
Robert de Peke was '^ of that ilk," now called Peak's farm. 
Ralph atte Nasse dwelt no doubt at the hamlet of Nash Street ; 
while his neighbour William at Dicker must have derived his 
name from the well-known district so called. He was no 
doubt among the earliest progenitors of an old Sussex family, 
now represented by one of the founders of the Sussex Archaeo- 
logical Society, and its original treasurer, Thomas Dicker, 
Esq. Andrew and John de Hilleshers were perhaps pro- 
prietors of Hilders farm, while Honeywick-lane, near Chid- 
dingly Place, still preserves the remembrance of Walter de 
Honewyke, as does the Hook- wood, on the frontiers of Wal- 
dron, that of Richard at Hoke. Burghill gave name to 
Robert at Berg, and so did Stuckles, near the west end of 
the Dicker, to Ralph de Stecklose. Thomas de LuUeham's 
name is still retained in that of Lulham's, a small estate 
in the neighbouring parish of Rype. I may further remark 
that Nicholas Wylard, whose taxation amounted to two 
shillings one penny-halfpenny-farthing, was no doubt th^ fons 
et origo of the ancient family of Willard, who in the last 
century still continued to possess lands in the parish, and 
who yet exist in the county with the ancient baptismal name 
of Nicholas. Hugo de Camera is doubtless identical with 
Hugh de la Chambre of Laughton, who, in 6 Edward XL, 
settled upon his son, lands in Clapham, Littlington, &c., and 
became founder of the well-known family of Chambers. 

In the ninth year of Edward II (1316), when the returns of 
lords of townships, &;c., were made for the purpose of efiect- 
ing military levies, in pursuance of the ordinance of the 

* Cloee by Broomham is a place called chains for highway robbery. The date 
OaUa/vi Corner^ where, according to of the event is not known or even 
local tradition, a man was hung in guessed at. 

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214 PAEOCHIAL raSTOBY OF CHIDDmGLY. 

parliament held at Lincoln in that year, the following land- 
holders are mentioned in connection with the parish : 

^^ Hundred de Schepelake, 

Andr* de Sackvile 



Villat' de 

Cliitynglegh 

est 



Willi' Maufee»« 
Johis de Douedale 
Prior de Warton 
Mailer * Regine Angl * 
Bad*i de Oamoys 
Willi* de Freningham " 



The account of Chiddingly in the Nonae returns of temp. 
Edward III, 1341, is circumstantial. These returns of the 
ninths of sheaves, fleeces, and lambs in rural districts, of the 
ninth of chattels in towns, and of the fifteenths among mer- 
chants-foreign and dwellers in forests and wastes, were made 
for the levying of a tax to sustain the cost of the king's wars 
against the French and the Scotch — assessors and sellers 
being appointed for each county. This war- tax, which was 
raied for two years only, is almost unequalled in the annals 
of taxation. 

<* ChwUfnglcgh, 

" This indenture witnesseth that an inquisition was taken at Lewes, the second 
day of April, in the 15th year of the reign of King Edward, the Third after the 
Conquest, before Henry Husee and his fellow ooUeotors and assessors of the ninths 
of sheaves, fleeces, and lambs, and of the fifteenths in the county of Sussex, granted 

to our Lord the King according to a commission directed to the said Henry 

and his fellows, upon the oath of Geoffrey le Ck>ker, Walter atte St(ro)de, Miles le 
Fynch, and Andrew nesherssohe,*^ parishioners of Ghudynglcgh, who say upon oatii 
that the ninth part of the sheaves of the parish is worth this year eleven marcs, the 
ninth of fleeces five shillings and five pence, and the ninth of lambs three shillingB 
and four pence. They also say that the abbot of Bobertsbridge hath in the same 
parish a manor called Deme, whence the ninth part of sheaves is this year worth 
fourteen shillings. And thus the sum total of Uie ninths of sheaves, fleeces, and 
lambs in the parish is £8 9s. 4d. And although the Chancellor of Chichester with 
the church of Chiddingly is assessed at fourscore marcs, yet the church of Chid- 
dingly cannot reach the taxation aforesaid, inasmuch as the same Chancellor hath 
within the parish a messuage, land, wood, and meadow which is worth one marc per 
annum, also tithe of hay worth five shillings. Further, the jurors say that the 
Chancellor hath at Mankeseye, within the liberties of the Cinque Ports, a messuage 
and sixty acres of land, as the dotation of his church, worth per annum sixty shU- 
lings. Also rents and assize worth twenty-eight shillings. Likewise he hath corn- 
tithe of Mankeseye worth twenty-two marcs, while the ninth of fieeces there 
amounts to thirty shillings, that of lambs to twenty-five shillings, tithe of cheese to 
twenty-five shillings, and that of hay to twenty shillings. They further say Uuit 

i<> The Maufees had considerable lands ago, have left their flEunily names im- 

here, and were patrons of the Vicarage. pressed upon lands and localities still 

(Seepogt,) In 21 Edward L, Chidingele, easily identifiable within the parish. 

Deme, Cobbeford, and AlfViston, one Coker't Pit is near Easterfields, before 

knight's fee and three quarters, belonged mentioned ; Strood is still the name of a 

to William Maufee. Claus. A. 21 E. i. farm ; so likewise is ^Inches ; and I 

11 It is interesting to note that the four venture to think that HUdert is a cor- 
inhabitants of Chiddingly who made this ruption of the name here written lies- 
return, more than five hundred years herssche, elsewhere Hilleshers. 



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PABOCHIAL HISTORY OF CHIDDINGLY. 215 

the Chancellor hath at Horaeye," within the libertiea of the Cinque Ports, corn-tithe 
worth twenty -two marks arising from the chapel there. Also, at Estenovere, within 
the liberties aforesaid, corn-tithe worth five marcs. Also at the Newelond, within 
the liberties of the Cinque Ports, corn-tithe worth four marcs. They also say, that 
there are none dwelling within the parish except such as live by agriculture and 
by their sheep, and that there are no cardinal benefices. In testimony whereof, &c.'* . 

ittanoriatl Hi^tors. 

Manor of Chiddingly. The first notice of this manor, 

subsequently to the Domesday Survey, that I have found, 

shows it to have been in 12 Edward II. in the possession 

of Nicholas de la Beche, who also held the other Sussex 

manors of Waldern, Erlington, Claverham, Werteling, Old 

Court, Meresham, and Tdenne, and obtained for them a grant 

of free warren.^* This personage appears to be identical with 

the Sir Nicholas de Beche, who, according to a wardrobe 

account dated 27th March, 1311, participated with Sir 

Humphrey de Littlebury and Sir Thomas le Latimer in the 

reward of twenty pounds for the singular service of dragging 

the King out of bed on Easter Monday. He must have been 

in high favour at Court to have indulged in such a pleasantry, 

but the scriptural injunction against putting trust in princes, 

was illustrated in this case. Perhaps " too much familiarity 

bred contempt,'' for it clearly appears that he fell into dire 

disgrace with his sovereign, since an order was afterwards 

issued to the Sheriff of Sussex to take into his hands the 

manors of Chetynglegh and Claverham which had been the 

property of Nic. de la Beche, the King's enemy^ and to keep 

them in safety, &c." At a later period, however, he was 

reinstated in royal favour, and in the ninth of Edward HI. 

we find him in the distinguished position of Constable of the 

Tower of London. Later still, in consequence of his valour 

in the Breton wars, he was summoned to parliament as a 

Baron, 25 Feb., 1341. He died possessed of the manor of 

Chidingle, which, by the royal favour, had been restored to 

him in 12th Edward III.** Leaving no children, his estates 

passed to his sisters, the eldest of whom carried Chiddingly 

by marriage to Sir Andrew Sackville, the progenitor of the 

noble house of Dorset, upon whose illustrious history and long 

'' For a brief note concerning Mankes- " Cal. Rot Chart 

eye and Horseye, see my Ghron. of *^ Abbrev. Rot Orig. 
Pevensey, p. 52. i» Gal. Bot Chart 



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216 PAEOCHIAL HISTORY OF CHIDDINGLY. 

territorial connection with the county of Sussex it is not 
necessary here to enlarge. Chiddingly Park was sometimes 
an occasional, and sometimes, it would appear, the principal, 
abode of the Sackvilles; for here in 1556 dwelt the then 
representative of the family, John Sackville, Esq., whose will, 
" being all of his composure, and wrote with his own hand," 
is given in extenso in Collins's peerage.^^ " I give," runs 
this document, " I give and bequeathe my poore synful soule 
unto AUmightie Jesu, my maker and redemer, most humblie 
beseching his most excellente Majestic, through the mediation 
and grace of his most holly and blessed mother, seynte Marie 
the Virgin, and Sainte John the Baptist, and all the saintes 
in heven, to accept, and take the same unto his mercie into 
everlastinge joye and blisse, there perpetually to reste with 
Abraham, Isake, and Jacob, for ever. Amen." He directs 
his " poore synful carkase" to be buried at Witheam (Withy- 
ham,) in case of his decease " at Chiddingleigh, or within xij 
or xiiij miles of the same." He eschews a pompous funeral, 
to the end that the most of his goods may be given to the 
poor of Withyham, Hartfield, and Chiddingly, and other 
places where his lands lie. He also bears in mind the poor 
of Chalvington, Waldron, Hailsham, Arlington, Heathfield, 
Woodmancote, &c. His descendants, though chiefly resident 
at Buckhurst, in Withyham, continued in the proprietorship 
of the manor of Chiddingly, which still belongs to Mary, 
Countess Amherst, elder daughter and co-heiress of John 
Frederick Sackville, 3rd Duke of Dorset. 

The house known as Chiddingly Park has not possessed, 
within the memory of man, any elements of grandeur ; and 
it has within the last few years been re-built as a farm house. 
No traces of the park remain. 

The next manor to be mentioned is that of Chiddingly 
alias Byrche. It has long lost manorial rights, and it is known 
as Chiddingly Place. The only trace of the alias is pre- 
served in Birch Lane, a long circuitous wooded road, once 
no doubt an avenue, leading from the hamlet called Muddle's 
Green towards the house. 

In 43 Edward III, Michael de Poynings held the manor. 

" Edit. 1768, vol. ii. p 274. 



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PAROCmAL HISTORY OP CHIDDINGLY. 217 

As Birche, Berchs, alias Birchs, alia^ Birch-parke, it was 
held in 16th Henry VI (1437) by William Alman, Thomas 
Attewood, Stephen Walsh, and others; and in 7 and 29 
Edward IV, by Thomas Onstye. In 7 Henry VII William 
Pelham, Esq., conveyed the manor and demesnes of Chetyng- 
leigh to Sir William Scott and other feoffees.*'^ In 8 and 
14 Henry VII, William Midmore held his Court : and in 
24 Henry VIII, Elias Midmore is described as " dominus 
manerii de Birch Parke in Chetynghly."*® In 4 Edward VI, 
there was an exemplification of a recovery of the manors of 
Horeham and Birche with 1060 acres of land (including Hall 
Land), George Roberts and John Fawkenere, plaintiflfe, and 
Godard Welshe, gen., defendant. In 4 and 5 Phil, and 
Mary, John Jefferay, gen., held his Court; and again 
in 1 Elizabeth, "John Jefieray, gen., servient' ad leg." 
In 15 Elizabeth, Thomas Churcher and John MicheU re- 
mitted to John Jefferay all the manor of Chetingley, alia^ 
Chudinglee, which the said John had purchased of Thomas 
Devenyshe, Esq., and William his son. The same year, 1573, 
a fine was levied between Churcher and Michell, plaintiflfe, 
and John Jefferay, serjeant-at-law, defendant, of the manors 
of Chittingly and Birch, with 130 acres of land in Chittingly, 
Waldron, Willingdon, and Hartfield. In 20 Elizabeth, 
Sir John Jefferay died seized, leaving his daughter and heir, 
Elizabeth, who was married to Edward, Lord Montague, and 
had a daughter and heiress who married Robert Bertie, Earl of 
Lindsay. The manor of Rype or Deanland was a sub- 
infeudation of the manor of Byrche, as that of Chiddingly 
Place seems to have been of Chiddingly-Sackville. But the 
account given of the several manors by Sir William Burrell 
is much confused. From the representatives of Jefferay this 
manor passed to the Pelhams. At the beginning of the 18th 
century it belonged to the Rt. Hon. Henry Pelham, brother 
of Thomas Holies, Duke of Newcastle. On his death, it 
descended to his four daughters, and on partition fell to the 
share of the Earl of Lincoln and Lord Sondes, in right of 
their wives, and they joined in a sale of it to the Rev. John 
Chatfield, of Balcombe, whose son and heir, the Rev. Henry 

>7 Pelham Deeds B., quoted in Burrell <• Pelham Deeds 0., No. 4. n>id. 

MS. Addit. 5681. 

XIV. 2 E 

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218 PAROCHIAL HISTORY OF CHIBDINGLY. 

Chatfield, possessed it in 1783. Subsequently the estate has 
belonged for three generations to the family of Guy, Mr. 
David Guy being the existing proprietor. 

The family of Jefferay, owners of this manor for two 
or three generations, and rendered illustrious by the produc- 
tion of Sir John Jefferay, Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer, 
seem to have been of Sussex origin. Their arms were : Azure^ 
fretty Or^ on a chief Argent^ a lion passant-guardant Ghdes. 
Crest: A lion^s head erased Argent^ ducally crovmed Azure, 
Some speculations on the probable origin of this coat and 
crest are given in my Curiosities of Heraldry, page 47, 
and also in Suss: Arch: Coll. vol. vi., page 83. Among the 
Burrell MSS. is a copy of a document entitled "-4n Arbor or 
Genealogy e of the descent and offspring of the house of Jeffray 
of Chittmgly in the coni of Sussex together with theire seve- 
rail mariges and coat-armours and 'if times of ther decease^'* 
from which, together with a careful examination of their Wills 
proved at Lewes, I have been enabled to draw up the following 
particulars of this old and almost forgotten Sussex family. 

Symon GeoflGrey, Geflfray, or Jefferay, whose place of resi- 
dence is not mentioned, was father of William Jefferay, of 

Bletchington,^^ in Sussex, who married Katherine and 

died 9th Edward IV (1469), leaving a son and heir, John 
Jefferay, who purchased this estate, as it would appear, about 
the close of the fifteenth century. He married Agnes Mil- 
ward, heiress of an ancient Cinque-Port family (long resident 
at Pevensey, Hastings, &c., of whom the late Edw. Milward, 
Esq., the fiJrst husband of Sarah, Countess Waldegrave, was 
the last representative), whose pedigree is thus entered in 
the Visitation of 1634: — 

Symon Milward died 48. Edw. m. 

I 
John Milward, 6. Biohard Il.sp^gnes. 

John Milward, 10. Henry VI.s|sJone. 

Richard Milward, 6. Edw. IV.s?=Jane Penbridge. 

I ■ ' 

Agnes, only daor. and heiresssJoHN Jefferat. 

Arms. Argent^ a cross moline Sable^ between three cres- 
cents Gules. 

*> So stated in the pedigree ; but now called Friston Place, 
more likely Betchington, in Friston, 



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PABOCHIAL HISTORY OF CHIDDINGLY. 219 

John Jefferay^ the purchaser of Chiddingly, died 28th 
June, 1513, leaving three sons, Richard, Thomas, and Wil- 
liam. He was buried, together with Agnes his wife, in the 
middle of the nave of Chiddingly church, where a brass plate 
to his memory still exists. 

His three sons became founders of three distinct branches of 
the family, who flourished for several generations in the im- 
mediate neighbourhood; and as their genealogy has never 
been very carefully recorded, I purpose to present it here, 
beginning with the younger branches. 



Thomas Jefferay^ second or third son of John and Agnes, 
settled at Rype, and himself became father of three sons 
— John, Thomas, and Bartholomew. Of these 

I. John Jefferay succeeded his father at Rype, and by 
his will, dated 5th March, 1558, gave his body " to be buryed 
within the pareysh churche of Rype before the image of o' 
Lady of Petye." He left, by Margaret his wife, three sons, 
Bartholomew, George, and John.^ In the printed pedigrees, 
a son, Thomas, of Gray's Inne, is mentioned, but as he is not 
alluded to in the will, it is probable that he died before his 
father. XL , Thomas Jefferay^ the next son, resided at 
Lewes. By his will, dated 9th March, 1573, he directs his 
body to be entombed in the " churche of Allsaynts, in the 
mydle place before the chaunceU door." He gives legacies 
to Joane, his wife, and to his three sons, Richard, Thomas, 
and Nicholas, — ^to his son Thomas, ," all the things he hath 
at Cambridge, and if his brother Nicholas do hereafter studie 
at Cambridge, then I bequeath the things unto him." He 
names a brother William. The remaining son (III.) Bar^ 
tholamew Jefferay was seated at Buckholt, in the parish of 
Bexhill, where he carried on considerable iron-works, as ap- 

» John Jefferay, of Eype, made his John, Mary, George, and Jane. His will, 

will 28 June, 1630, bequeathing to dated 7 Jan., 1640, gives the residue of 

George, his eldest son, and to his son, his estate to Elizabeth, his wife. 

John Jefferay, lands at Warbleton (late Another branch of the family settled 

Thomas Stollyon's, Gen.), at Heathfield, at Berwick. John Jefferay was liying 

at Patoham, and at Rype. There are there in 1612, at which date, he had a 

also bequests to his wife Joane, and to son, Edward Jefferay, and a grandson, 

hie son Thomas, who had issue Richard, John Jefferay, a minor. John jefferay, 

John, Thos., and George. He was sue- first-named, was rector of Berwick for a 

ceeded at Rype by the above named very long period. See Suss : Arch : CoU : 

Qeorge Jefferay^ whose children were Vol. vi., page 226. 

2e2 



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220 PAROCHIAL HISTORY OF CHIDDINGLY. 

pears by his will, in which he mentions his " fforge, ffumace* 
and woodes." He married Alice Pitcher, and had four sons, 
Richard, Bartholomew, Davie, and Arthur. He died in or 
about 17th Elizabeth, and was buried in Bexhill church. 
One of his sons, Bartholomew, settled in. the city of London, 
and by his will, bearing date 4th March, 1589, and proved 
at Lewes, he gave all his debts, &c., to his brother Davye, 
and, in case of his death, to his brother Arthur. 

Peaks Branch. WiUiam Jefferay^ son of John and 
Agnes, was founder of another junior branch of the family — 
whether second or third I cannot ascertain — ^whose principal 
residence was Peaks, in the eastern part of the parish, now a 
farm-house. His will is dated 20th Aug., 1543. "Ffirst," 
says the testator, " in the name of God I gyve and bequeth 
my sowle to his divine mercy and goodnes and to his blessed 
mother o' Lady, St. Mary, and to all the holy co'pany of 
hevyn, and my body to be buried in the church of Chetyng- 
lygh aforesaid, in the myddyU passe before the roode^ at my 
father's fett. Item, I bequeth to the hie al*' within the same 
church vi*. viij**. Item, I will to have a taper of iiij pownds 
of wax to bume before the sepvlker the space of vij yers next 
after my decease." He mentions as legatees, Margaret his 
wife, and Alice, Margaret, Ffaith, Annyse, and Marie, his 
daughters, and gives the residue of his estate to his son and 
executor, Thomas Jefferay, who is to " order hit (the will) as 
he thynketh most best for the welth of my sowle." Besides 
this Thomas he had an elder son, John Jefferay, who died at 
Oxford. 

Thomas Jefferay married, first, the daughter and heir of 
— Havell, and widow of — Willard, by whom he had a son 
William, and a daughter, Elizabeth, who married — Lulham. 
He married, secondly, Alice Acton of Rype (of an ancient 
family but lately extinct), and widow of Edward Lulham, 
by whom he was father of Thomas, who died s.p.^ Anne, wife 
of Lawrence Sharpey, of Cranbrook, Francis, wife of John 
Sharpey, brother of Laurence, Elizabeth, and Mary. By his 
wiU, dated 24 May, 1550, he bequeaths his body to be buried 
" in the churche of Chetynglygh in the myddle passe, next to 
my father's fote^ He gives towards the maintenance of the 
church XX*, and to be spent at his burial vij". He also 



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PAROCHIAL raSTORY OF CHIDDINGLY. 221 

gives to the poor of Chetynglygh xl*., and to the poor of each 
of the parishes of Hellynglyghe, Haylsham, Pevensey, West- 
ham, R3T)e, and Walcton x*. There are also legacies to his 
six servants, to Thos. Lulham,his wife's son, to his godson, 
Thomas, son of John Jefferay, junior, of Rype, to the children 
of Thos. Jefferay, of Lewes, to Stephen French, his godson, 
to John French, Edward Pelham, and Thos. Pelham. Fur- 
ther he gives to his four daughters £50 each ; to his unborn 
child £30 ; and to Alice, his wife, £500. Executors, John 
Fawkener, sen., John Jefferay of Rype, jun., Roger Deane of 
Waldron, and William Jefferay, the testator's son ; Sir Edw. 
Gage, Knt. (to whom he gives his " best cowlte") and Thos. 
Tyndowl to be overseers. His lands he bequeaths as 
follows : — 

To his son Thomas, his lands and tenements called Semgwynes, Besdes, the 
Fyke, Hydowne, and Mannale Downe. 

To his son William, Groveherst, Newland, Nashes, Barghill, and Sinderford, oat 
of which he is to pay certain moneys due to Roger Drew, and Joane his wife, and 
Walter Finch, Gen. 

As Thomas died s.p. his portion probably reverted to his 
brother, the successor of his father at Peaks— 

William Jefferay^ who married Awdrie, daughter and 
heiress of Thos. Harvey, and niece of Wm. Harvey, Clarencieux 
king-at-arms. He died in 1611, and was buried at the feet 
of his father^ being thus the fourth in the genealogical series 
deposited in this order in the nave of Chiddingly church. 
Besides seven daughters, married as stated below,** he had 
two sons, Thomas and William, the former being his successor 
in the paternal estate, while the latter was one of the first 
settlers of New England. He was admitted a freeman of 
Weymouth, 18th May, 1631, having been in the colony seve- 
ral years before the arrival of Governor Winthrop.** 

Thomas Jefferay married Margaret, daughter of Richard 
Moseley, of Ousedale, co. Stafford, who died at the age of 25, 
in 1618, leaving two daughters, Lettice, who married John 
Boys, of Betshanger, Knight of the Shire for Kent in the 
Long Parliament,*^ and Margaret, who became wife of William 

*' 1. Jone«Jno. Baker of Withyham. 6, Eli2abeth»Edward Lewis of London. 

2. Awdrie = Hugh Evans of London. 7. Anne ^William Gough of London. 

3. Sasan=Riohard Weller of Cranbrook. ^ Farmer's Geneal. Begist. of Kew 

4. Alice »Richd. Turner of London. Engl, edit 1829, p. 161. 

6. Mary»Jno. Stookhouse of London. » See Berry's Kent GeneaL 



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222 PAEOCHIAL HISTORY OF CHIDDINGLY. 

Peckham of Laughton, Oct. 29th, 1657.«* The last, appa- 
rently of his line, he survived until 1663, when he was buried 
among his ancestors at Chiddingly. 

I now return to the eldest son of John and Agnes Jefferay, 
who succeeded his father as proprietor of Chiddingly Place. 
In a Subsidy Roll for " villa de Chetinglegh," in 1545, he 
stands at the head of the list, his assessment being 40*., 
while that of Thomas Jeflfrye is 20*., and that of Margaret 
Jeffrye 8". He died in 1554, having married Eliza, daugh- 
ter of Robert Whitfeld, Esq., who came from Alston Moor, 
in Cumberland, and settled at Wadhurst in this county.** 
By her he had two sons, John and Richard, Of the former, 
who became Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer, I shall speak 
by-and bye. The latter, Richard Jefferay^ settled at South 
Mailing, near Lewes, and married Margerie, daughter of John 
Humphreyes, of Warwick, and widow of Richard Keyme, by 
whom he had an only son, Francis, and two daughters ; 1, 
Margaret, wife of Edward Mascall, of Plumpton Place, and, 2, 
Alice, wife of John Gardner, of Ratcliflfe, near London. He 
died in 1600, and was buried in Chiddingly church. Francis 
Jefferay, his son and heir, succeeded him at South Mailing, 
and married, first, Elizabeth, daughter and co-heiress of Wal- 
ter Maney, of Kent, and secondly, Eleanor, daughter of 
Robert Saye. In Ringmer church there is a mural monu- 
ment, with small figures of this gentleman and his first consort, 
in the costume of their days, and the following inscription : — 

" Heer lyeth byried the body of that vertvovB andreligiovs gentlewoman, Mrs. 
Elizabeth Jefferay, wyfe of Francis Jefiferay of Sovth Mailing, Esq : one of Ihe 
davghten and coheires of Walter Mayney of Kent, Esq: She died the 28 of Sep- 
tember, and in the 40 yeare of her age. 

" Devovt to God— officiovB to her pheere; 
ZealovB of good— jealovs of everye ill ; 
Wise, modest, more then can be msrshall'd heere, 

(Her many vertves wovld a yolvme fill,) 
For all heaven's gifts — ^in many single sett — 
In Jefferay's Mattey altogether mett 1" 

{Sir) John Jefferay^ the eldest son of Richard, first named, 
succeeded to the Chiddingly estate on the death of his father. 
Of this distinguished personage Fuller, in his " Worthies of 
England,"*^ thus writes: "Sir John Jeffry, Knight, was 

>4 Far. Reg. &c., are descended from this gentleman. 

« The Whitfelda of Lewes, Aahford, « Vol HI., p. 252, 



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PABOCHIAL HISTORY OF CHIDDINGLY. 223 

born in this county (Sussex), as I have been informed. It 
confirmeth me herein because he left a fair estate in this 
shire (judges generally building their nest near the place 
where they were hatched), which descended to his daughter. 
He so profited by the study of our municipal law, that he 
was preferred secondary judge of the Common Pleas ; and 
thence advanced by Queen Elizabeth, in Michaelmas term, 
the nineteenth of her reign, to be Lord Chief Baron of the 
Exchequer, which place he discharged for the term of two 
years to his great commendation." 

Mr. Foss gives the following particulars of his legal career : 
" After pursuing his legal studies at Gray's Inn (where he 
was admitted in 1544, called to the bar in 1546, and made 
Lent reader in 1561), he was summoned to the degree of 
Serjeant in Easter term, 1567; on which occasion he was 
presented with a purse containing £10 by the society. On 
October 15, 1572, he was nominated one of the Queen's Ser- 
jeants; and on May 15, 1576, he was promoted to a judicial 
seat in the Queen's Bench. Within a year and a half he 
was called upon to succeed Sir Robert Bell, as Chief Baron 
of the Court of Exchequer. In the course of the next year 
his seat was vacated by his death." ^ In 1571 Sir John sat 
in parliament for East Grinstead, and in 1572 for Arundel. 

Of this eminent judge's character an elaborate analysis is 
given by Lloyd.^ " This," says he, " was he who was called 
the plodding student, whose industry perfected nature and, 
was perfected by experience. He read not to argue only ; for 
that is vanity; nor to believe and trust; for that is easiness: 
nor to discourse; for that is idle: but to weigh and consider; 
for that is prudence. Four things, he would say, helped 
him — I. His inclination. II. Method. IIL Keligion, with 
that just and composed mind that attends it. lY. A great 
happiness in the four faculties that make a lawyer : 1. A 

sharp invention and clear apprehension 2. Judgment to 

examine and weigh the particulars invented and apprehended ; 
for truth lieth in things as gold in mines. 3. Memory to 
retain what is judged and examined. 4. A prompt and 
ready delivery of what is conceived and retained, set out 

*f The Judges of England. BjSdward ** State Worthies. Vol. L, p. 211. 
Foss, F.8.A., Vol. v., p. 518. 



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224 PAEOCHIAL HISTORY OF CHIDDINGLT. 

with ingenuity and gravity — oratio prompta^ non avdax. ... 
His Latine and French were grammatical; his rhetoric na- 
tural; his logic, reason. 

"His gesture and habit were grave but not affected: 
speaking as much to the eye as his tongue did to the ear. . . . 
Modest he was, but not fondly bashful — his prudence and 
not his softness. His humility begat affableness; his affable- 
ness, society ; that, conference ; conference, parts ; and they, 
acquaintance; and that, practice ; and practice, experience; 
experience, renown; and that, preferment." 

We have seen that Sir John held his dignity but a short 
time. By inquisition dated 29th Aug., 22. Elizabeth, the 
jurors return that Sir John Jefferay, Knight, Lord C.B. of 
the Exchequer, died in Coleman-street Ward, London, 13th 
May, 1577, seized, inter alia^ in fee tail (viz: to him and the 
heirs of his body, remainder to the heirs of the body of John 
Jefferay, his grandfather, remainder to the right heirs of the 
said J. Jefferay, Enight) of a capital messuage and lands in 
Chittingly, wherein he dwelt at his death ; and that he was 
seized in fee of the manor of Chittingleigh, with the lands, 
&c., thereto belonging in Chittingleigh, Waldron, Willingdon, 
Hartfield, &c., which formerly belonged to Thomas Devenish, 
Esq., and William Devenish, his son; that the said manor is 
held of Elis Midmore, and at the death of the said Sir John 
Jefferay was held of Richard Midmore, deceased, father of 
Elis, by fealty, &c. That Elizabeth Jefferay, his daughter 
and heir, was at his death aged 15 years and upwards, and 
that administration was granted to Mary, his wife (daughter 
of Geo. Goring, Esq.), whom he married about 20th Eliza- 
beth [i. e. very shortly before his decease]. The inquisition 
was taken at Lewes before James Thetcher, Herbert Pelham, 
William Morley, and Edward Middleton, Esquires."^ 

Sir John Jefferay's first wife was Alice, daughter and 
heiress of John Apsley, of London, Esquire, descended from 
the ancient Sussex family, Apsley of Thakeham. By her, 
who died in 1570, he left issue an only daughter and heiress, 
Elizabeth, who married Sir Edward Montague, of Boughton, 
CO. Northampton. Sir Edward was made a Knight of the 
Bath, at the coronation of James I, and subsequently raised 

» BurreU MSS. Addit. 5681. 



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PAROCHIAL HISTORY OF CHIDDINGLY. 225 

to the peerage by the title of Baron Montague of Boughton. 
He was the eldest son of Sir Edward Montague, from whom 
descended the ducal houses of Manchester and Montague, as 
well as the Earls of Halifax and Sandwich. Sir Edward 
and Lady Montague were occasionally resident at Chiddingly, 
and the latter, who died 6. December, 1611, was buried there. 
She left an only daughter, Elizabeth, who married Robert 
Bertie, Lord Willoughby and Eresby, who is presumed to have 
succeeded, jure tixoris^ to the mansion and estate. The 
descent of the latter has been given in a previous page. 

Chiddingly Place, as rebuilt by Sir John Jefferay, the 
Chief Baron, must have been one of the finest Elizabethan 
houses in the county. It occupied three sides of a quad- 
rangle, open towards the north ; the two projecting wings, 
and the slightly advanced porch, giving a ground plot exactly 
resembling an E, the initial of her Majesty's name — an ar- 
chitectural compliment of that period. The principal apart- 
ments were on the eastern side of the mansion. The east 
wing, now used as a barn, and called ' the chapel,' has no 
appearance of having been employed for such a purpose ; it has 
evidently been divided into two stories by a floor, and the 
chimney-pieces of the upper story still remain. It is worthy of 
notice that they have no appearance of ever having been used. 
In fact, there is every reason to believe that the house was 
occupied as a mansion only for a very brief space of time. 
The mortar could scarcely have been dry when its builder 
departed this life, and his heiress soon after took up her chief 
abode in a distant shire. The length of the barn is 60 feet. 
The great hall, which stood at the south end of this building, 
communicated with the entrance porch, and was a magnifi- 
cent apartment, having at its eastern end, looking towards 
the church, a large and lofty window, in which were dis- 
played the arms and crest of Jefferay, and their quaint, pun- 
ning motto in old French — 

^t irraff tt nut Iiiraff« 

(I shall do what I say I 
Quoth bold Jefferay.) *> 

^ Sir John Jefferay sometimes usod be a quality inherent in judges, and one 
the still more uncompromising motto— is strongly reminded here of Pilate*s 
Que fra je f&aI Firmness seems to b yiypa^a, ycypa^o. 

XIV. 2 F 



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226 PAROCHIAL HISTORY OF CHIDDINGLY. 

— ^with the date, 1574, evidently that of the re-erection of 
the house. At the opposite end of the hall was a gallery 
which communicated with an apartment upstairs by a Tudor- 
arched doorway, the stone- work of which remains visible in 
the wall of the existing portion of the house. Beneath is 
an arcade of three stone arches, somewhat mutilated. In 
the spandrils are the following subjects extremely well carved. 
Beginning from the south — 1. A woodman bearing logs up- 
stairs ; 2. A page bearing a flagon upstairs ; 3 and 4. Figures 
of Flora with wreaths and branches; 5. A bearded figure 
with jug and cup, and a key suspended from his neck, 
presenting the cup to — 6. A young man, who is holding 
out his hand to receive it. On two ornamental bra<ikets, 
which formerly supported the timber-work of the roof, are 
the following arms: 1. Quarterly, Jeff er ay andMylward; 
2. Party per pale, Jefferay and Mylward ?ig9iii\ impaling 
a bend plain between two bendlets engrailed (Whitfeld). 
Before its demolition, there were similar brackets on all sides 
ofthehall.^^ 

The portions of the mansion which now remain are the so- 
called " chapel-barn," and so much of the body of the house 
as stood to the west of the great hall. The western wing 
and the porch have long been destroyed;'* but the accom- 
panying outline woodcut, somewhat corrected from a drawing 
by James Lambert, jun., shows the condition of the edifice in 
1765. 

Over the porch there was a massive shield, with the arms 

•» The following piece of folk-lore was never recovered bis senses, but was 

formerly current respecting this Hall, obliged to be rocked in a cradle till the 

Once upon a time tibere stood in the- day of his death I Two massive iron 

gallery a "crock of money," over which bars of the window, said to have been 

brooded an evil spirit in the form of an broken in the hen^s precipitate flight, 

old black hen. There she sat night and were long pointed out in proof of the 

day, without sustenance, to the great accuracy of the legend, 

wonderment of the neighbours, until at ^^ They had long been in a state of 

length a rustic, more valiant than dis- dilapidation and decay, and when, during 

oreet, resolved to dislodge her and get the heat of the French war, tfie demand 

possession of the treasure. So much the for building materials for barracks, &c., 

worse for him ; for on putting forth his was excessive, Mr. David Guy, the 

hand to seize the hen, she rushed at him grandfather of the present possessor, 

with fury, threw him to the ground, could not resist the temptation to pull 

flew along the hall, and made her exit down and sell those portions of his 

through the great east window. The house which were otherwise of no utili- 

poor fellow lay for a long time upon the tarian value, 
floor as if dead, and from that day 



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CHIDDINGLY PLACE, 1762. 



JEFFERAY MONUMENT. 



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PAROCHIAL HISTORY OF CHIDDINGLY. 227 

and quarterings of Jefferay, and on each side, over the en- 
trance, these verses : — 

On one Side, 

"Hasc antiqua domus florescens komike sempeb 

Jkfferai, lonoo tempose, fracta fuit; 
Jefferai natus takdem, quam struxerat altb 

Reoin^ ad Legem seryua ubiq: qrayeh. 

On the other Side. 

Splendida stelltoerens cokfirmet mcekia Christus, 

Tunc strenub condit conditor ipse domum. 
Sit domus ista pus, justis, domus ista pereknis, 

In qua lata sonent ^ lausq. salusq. Del 

The following translation is believed to have been made 
by Mr. Stephen Vine, of Lindfield.** 

This antient house still flourishing 

In name of Jefferay, 
Through length of time was fractured muoh, 

And long in ruins lay ; 
Until that Jefferay was bom, 

Who built it more stately, 
Always obeying the oonmiands 

Of the Queen's majesty. 



If Christ who does the stars uphold 

These splendid walls support, 
Then may the builder build his house 

In large and ample sort — 
An everlasting house, in which 

The just and godly may 
The praises of their God set forth, 

For ever and for aye. 

Chiddingly Place is supplied with water from a spot nearly 
a quarter of a mile distant, called the Conduit (vulgo, " the 
cundick"). A building, of apparently the same date as the 
mansion itself, covers the principal well. 

Peaks^ the other seat of the Jefferay s, stands near the eastern 
verge of the parish. It is now a farm house, and possesses 
no marks of former magnificence. The younger daughter 
and co-heiress of Thomas Jefferay of Peaks married, in 1657, 
William Peckham, of Laughton. In the family of Peckham 

^ Sir W. Buirell's reading is fovent the Gentleman's Magazine entitle him 

with a query ; but there can be little to the distinction of the Father of Sussex 

doubt of tonent. Topographers. I wish some member of 

** Schoolmaster and Antiquary. His the Society would favour us with the 

contributions on Sussex antiquities to details of his personal histoiy. 

2f2 



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228 PAEOCHIAL HISTORY OF CHIDDINGLY. 

this property remained until 1770, when William Peckham, 
Esq., of Arches in Framfield, died, leaving two daughtra^ 
married respectively to the Rev. William Woodward, and 
the Rev. H. Courthope. By the representatives of the 
Woodwards it was sold to the present proprietor. 

In my boyhood there was an old song relating to this es- 
tate and the neighbouring small one in Hellingly, called 
Perry land. One of the stanzas — the only one I remember — 
was — 

" My daddy was a good oV man, 
He left me Peaks and Perrylan* ; 
But in the space of twenty year, 
I spent it all in gin and beer." 

What truth there may have been in this statement, or to 
what individual it refers, I know not. 



The next house in Chiddingly demanding our notice is 
Streame^ or, as it is now commonly called, 'the Stream.' The 
estate was for several generations the residence of the family 
of French, whose arms were, Sable^ a bend between two dolphins 
Argent^ This name was exceedingly common in the district 
in the 14th, 15th, and 16th centuries; but the settlement of 
the family at Streame is involved in obscurity. In 1540 
Thomas and John Frenche were witnesses to the will of Elys 
Mydmor, of Chiddingly ; and in the reign of Elizabeth, there 
were two contemporary John Frenches. One of these, who 
styles himself in his will, dated 4th March, 1583, '^ John 
ffrenche^ a Streame of Chittingligh," became the founder of 
a family of some local importance. Besides legacies to Joane 
his wife, and Stephen his son, he bequeathed to his son John, 
CCC**, to his son Thomas, a like sum, and to his son Andrew, 
"fower hundreth pownds," and appointed his sons-in-law, 
Thomas Edolphe and Thomas Salter, overseers of his will. 

Stephen French^ Esq., succeeded to the estate, and mar- 
ried Barbara, daughter of Anthony Fowle, of Rotherfield, 
Esq. He died in 1606, leaving issue a son John, and two 
daughters, Joane, wife of Captain Samuel Fuller, of Waldron, 
and Mary, wife of John Meeres, of Glynley, Esq. 

*< On a hatchment in the ohuroh these authorities make the shield Oulet^ the 
tinctures are reYersed,and some other charges ^Ty^m^ 



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PAROCHIAL HISTORY OF CHIDDINGLY. 229 

John French^ Esq., the next in succession, married Anne, 
daughter of John Sackville of Sedlescombe, Esq., who after 
his decease remarried, in 1631, Robert Forster of Battel, J.P. 
By her he had, besides other issue, 

Stephen French^ Esq., bom 1623. He married Susanna, 
daughter of Sir Robert Forster of Egham, co. Surrey, lord 
chief-justice of the King's Bench. He died in 1666, and 
was buried in the chancel of Chiddingly church. He had an 
only son, John, who died at an early age, while a student at 
Wadham Coll : Oxon, and was buried in the college chapel 
there ; and six daughters, four of whom died unmarried. 
Of the other two, Anne married Thomas Bromfield, Esq., 
and carried Streame into his family ; Charitie married Thos. 
Newdigate, Esq., of St. Anne's House, in Lewes, and dying 
in 1696, aged 41, was buried in the church of St. Anne. 

The Bromjields were an ancient Welsh family,^ a younger 
branch of whom settled at Udimore, in this county. Their 
arms were Azure^ a lion passant Or. Thomas Bromfield, 
who married Anne, the coheiress of French, had two sons, 
French and John. French Bromfield, who had considerable 
estates in East Sussex, died unmarried in 1719, and was 
buried in Chiddingly chancel. His brother, John Bromfield, 
of Lewes, married Elizabeth, daughter of John Weekes, of 
Westfield, Esq. He died possessed of Streame in 1735 (and 
was buried in the chancel), leaving a son and a daughter. 
Elizabeth, the daughter, died in 1790, and was buried at 
St. Anne's, and John, the son, who died in 1792, was in- 
terred at Chiddingly, near his father. 

From the Bromfields, Streame passed by sale to Sir Henry 
Oxenden, of Broom-house, co. Kent, and from him to Mr. 
Reeves, father of Mr. Robert Reeves, the present owner. 

To the east of Streame, which now possesses few remains 
of its ancient state, is a fine pond, many acres in extent, whose 
waters impel the machinery of a flour mill, as they formerly 
did that of extensive iron-works, which stood near the same 
spot. The Frenches were iron-masters, and greatly improved 
their fortune by that trade. The articles chiefly wrought were 
great and small ordnance, chimney-backs, andirons, and 
smaller commodities. Bells were also cast at Chiddingly, 

M See Burke*8 Eztmct Baronets. 



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230 PAROCHIAL HISTORY OF CHTODINGLY. 

probably at the same works. Of this manufacture I have 
already given some details in Suss : Arch : Coll: vol II, p. 196- 
Vestiges of ' mine pits' are still to be seen hard by, at East- 
knowle wood, Deme wood, Forge wood, &c. 

BurghiUj in the southern part of the parish, was for some 
generations the resideiice of the respectable old family of 
Miller^ whose genealogy I have recorded in Suss : Arch : Coll r 
vol. IX, p. 33. They bore for arms. Ermine^ a f esse GtdeSy 
between three wolves^ heads, earased^ Azure. There are 
several tombs to their memory in the church-yard, to the 
south of the chancel. The estate passed by heirship to the 
family of Hall of Brighton, by whose representative it was 
sold to Thomas Day, Esq., father of John Day, Esq., who 
now possesses this and other good lands in the parish. The 
old mansion of the Millers was pulled down about forty years 
since, and the present house erected on the same site. 

StonehiUy in the northern part of the parish, belonged in 
former times to the very ancient Sussex family of Elphick. 
It is a fine specimen of the timber-framed or post-and-panel 
house, such as the Sussex yeoman of other days delighted 
to call his home. The Elphicks continued to be of impor- 
tance in the parish in 4th ( ?) Charles I, a member of the 
family paying the largest sum to a subsidy then levied.^ 



CHiTTil^QLET.^Thomi^ French, gent 


landee 


Thomas Thunder 


landes 


Biohard Elfick 


landes 


John Brooke 


landes 


Thomas Elfick 


landes 


Bobert Lucas 


landes 


Richard Miller 


landes 


Edmond Caverley 


landes 



y value. 


Tax. 


808. 


68. 


408. 


88. 


508. 


108. 


208. 


48. 


408. 


8s. 


408. 


88. 


808. 


68. 


208. 


48. 



Near the hamlet of Whitesmith is Burches or Burchetts, 
now an inconsiderable farm-house, but the remnant of a good 
residence of the family of Willard, who in point of antiquity 
yield to very few in the county. We have already seen that 
a Nicholas Willard appears in the subsidy roll for this parish 
so far back as the year 1296, and there is little doubt that 
the family were territorially connected with Chiddingly from 
that date until the sale of this farm in the last century. They 
bore for arms, Argent^ a cheveron Erminois between three 



s7 MS. Becord Office, T.G. 44, 454. 



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BUBCHETTS, CHIDDmGLY. 



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PAROCHIAL HISTORY OF CHIDDINGLY. 231 

Jish-weels^ Sable. Some years since, at the request of the 
late Colonel John Harry Willard of Eastbourne, I drew 
up an elaborate genealogy of the family of which he was the 
representative, and I hope in some future volume of the 
Suss : Arch : Coll : to present it in all its details. What 
remains of the old Willard house at Burchetts is shewn 
in the accompanying woodcut. 

Friths^ another good old house, of which only a fragment 
remains, with traces of a moat, was the residence of the 
Chauntler family, whose heiress married the Rev. J. Chatfield, 
of Balcombe, in 1740, and so conveyed the property into 
that family. It must originally have been a good specimen 
of the house of a gentleman of decent means. Friths is 
distant from Chiddingly Place about a quarter of a mile. 
The woodcut shews a gable, with its elegant multangular 
chimney.^ 

At Hah Green is an old house which, like too many others 
in the Weald of Sussex, has declined from the rank of man- 
sion to that of farm-house, and is now the abode of cottagers. 
In one of the front windows there are four small diamond- 
shaped panes, arranged lozenge-wise, with the following 
armorial bearings : — 

1. Argent, a ram's head to the Binister, oonped Sable, armed Or. 

2. Argent, a fesse engrailed Argent, between three bulls' heads couped Or/**" On 
a kind of chief the word torel. 

3. The' arms of England and France, the charges all Or. 

4. Argent, a griphon's head erased Or. On the dexter side of the shield an A ; 
on the sinister a B. 

About the year 1780 several other heraldric decorations 
remained in the house. Sir William Burrell thus describes 
them : — 

"In the south window, the same as the second coat in the north window {ToreV), 

"In the north window of the parlour, England quartering France. Crest: a 
regal crown, ornamented on the outside of each quarter with white and red roses ; a 
lamb couchant, with a cross-crosslet fitchee under its dexter l^. 

" In the pantry window, j. H. 8. 

" In a chamber window facing the south, within a garter, * Honl [soit qui mal y 
pense'], a stag in full career Argent, collared and chained Or. 

" In a chamber window facing the north, an eagle or vulture with a viper in its 
mouth. 

" In ditto, another pane, the same as No. 4 in north window." 

^ It is desirable that some member of '' Sio The heraldry is of course in- 

the Suss. Arch. Society should favour us correct here, as in some of the other 

with an article on Sussex Chimneyt, The coats. 
Weald abounds in beautiful examples. 



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232 PAROCHIAL HISTORY OP CHIDDINGLY. 

The first known possessors of this house were the Torels 
or Tourles, some of whom down to the middle of the seven- 
teenth century continued to reside at Chiddingly. At a later 
date it belonged to a branch of the knightly family of Cal- 
verley, whose pedigree, as lords of Calverley, in Yorkshire, 
is traced to the time of Henry I. A younger son, who 
flourished in the reign of Elizabeth, was progenitor of the 
Sussex line, whose last male descendant was Thomas Calver- 
ley, of the Broad, in the adjacent parish of Hellingly, and of 
Ewell Castle, in Surrey. Calverley Park, at Tunbridge 
Wells, is named after them. Their coat-armour was — Sable, 
an inescocheon within an orU of owls Argent. The name 
occurs at Chiddingly as early, at least, as the year 1626, at 
which date, I believe, they were proprietors of Hale Green. 
The estate long remained in the family, but eventually this 
branch so much declined in wealth and respectability, that 
its last representative, Nathaniel Calverley, is said to have 
died a pensioner on the parochial funds, about sixty years 
ago. The farm now belongs to Mr. Robert Keeves, of 
Streame, 

Thunder^ 8 HUl^ another old house, near Peaks, was for 
several generations the property and residence of the family 
of Thunder. The house has long disappeared. In the reign 
of Edward VI., Thomas Thunder was at the head of ^e 
family, and some of his descendants were buried in the 
church. 

Another family -house, known as Shirley^s^ has also disap- 
peared. It stood between the Place and the Burghill estates. 
It derived its names from the very ancient family of Shirley, 
of Eatington, co. Warwick, a branch of whom longed pos- 
sessed Wiston, in this county, and at a later period Preston, 
near Brighton.*® Drew Shirley, a younger son of the Preston 
Shirleys, was ancestor of this branch. He married, in 1681, 
Mrs. Mary Martin, of Rype, and was buried at Chiddingly, 
in 1707.** Thomas, their son, had issue by Elizabeth, his 
wife, a son Thomas, and died in 1718. In the parish regis- 
ter, his death is thus deplored: "Burials 1718, Sept. 18, 

« See Suss. Arch. Coll., vol. v. p. 1. of Drew Shirley, gent., of Chiddingly, 

^* In the chancel of Chacombe, co. in Sussex, who departed this life May 

Northampton, is this inscription : '' M.S. the 14th. An. 83tat. 86, Dni. 1727." 

In memory of Mrs. Mary Shirley, relict 



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Or/B 




fi4^. %i:kmt, §t^iy^xh 






^f£era;^. ^rencif. ^0miiAh 




. ^rj^l. 




^ki^rl^. "^^(ritrl^^. (^fjmrJ^ar. 

ARMS OF CHIDDIN6LY FAMILIES 



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PAROCHIAL HISTOBY OF CHn)DINGI.Y. 233 

Mr. Thomas Shirley, a young gentleman of great hope, who, 
in all probability, had he lived longer, would hare been very 
useful to his country and neighbours" — a curt record of 
worth which greatly piques our curiosity, but we know 
nothing more of him. His son, Thomas Shirley, Gent., died 
in 1737, possessed of " Shirley's " and Farlee, now Farleys, 
about half a mile southward of the church. He was the last 
of the Shirleys of Chiddingly. His mother, Elizabeth, as it 
would seem, re-married in October, 1721, Edward Milward, 
of St. Clement's in Hastings, Gent. The lands called Shir- 
ley's and Farlee passed to the family of Turner, and thence 
to that of Day, (in each case, I think, by purchase) and they 
are now attached to the Burghill estate.*** 

Among other families of note formerly connected with 
Chiddingly, are the Midmores^ of whom incidental mention 
has already been made, and the Churchars. Thomas Chur- 
char, who was resident here in 1570, left issue Henry and 
Thomas, founders of two branches seated respectively at 
Slynfold and at Guildford. The arms allowed to Thomas 
Churchar by Clarencieux Cook, 12th Elizabeth, were — 
Chequy Argent and Sable, on abend Guks three lions^ heads 
erased Or. 



^t iDirftett formerly an unenclosed ground, called Dyker 
waste, but originally a forest,** extended into the parishes of 
Chiddingly, Hellingly, and Arlington, and was chiefly in- 
cluded within the manors of Laughton, Michelham, and 
Helynglygh. Gilbert de Aquila temp. Henry III., as Lord 
of the Honour of the Eagle, gave to die priory of Michelham, 
then founded by him, right of pasture in Dyker a, and in 13 
Henry IV. there was a confirmation of lands and liberties to 
the prior and convent of Michelham, including pasturage for 
sixty beasts and one hundred hogs in Dyker, and in Broleo 
de Leighton, probably the Broyle. 

The prior and convent of Otham also possessed certain 
rights here, which afterwards fell into the hands of the 
Devenish family. The Dicker is said to have consisted, 

'3 See " Stemmata Shirleiana," by B. 1841, p. 241. 
P.Shirley, Esq., M.P., privately printed «' See Suss. Arch. OolL, ToL ii. p. 209. 
XIV. 2 G 

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284 PABOCHIAL HISTORY OF CHIDDINGLY. 

(originally, of a thousand acres, and the name seems somehow 
to imply a multiple of ten (decern). In Domesday dicra 
ferri means ten bars of iron, and at the present day a dicker 
of leather is ten hides, and this latter phrase seems to inYolye 
a kind of pun. According to Crompton and other jurists, a 
hide of land was originally 100 acres; and as ten hides of 
land constituted a dicker of land, so ten leather hides made 
a dicker of leather ! Perhaps the tanners of old estimated 
Dido's purchase of Carthage at 100 acres, and thus assimi- 
lated their leather trade to the traffic of the crafty princess, 
who purchased as much of African soil as she could enoom- 
pass with a bull's hide I The Dicker was much diminished in 
extent by successive encroachments, which gave rise to re- 
peated litigation. The baili£& of Fevensey Rape claimed 
jurisdiction of it as parcel of the Honour of the Eagle, and 
bf the Duchy of Lancaster, and acting upon such claim, im- 
pounded the cattle depastured on it by those who in virtue 
of ancient usage imagined they had established that right. 
This led to counter-proceedings, and the Dicker became, in 
good earnest, " debateable ground.'' From the ** Calendar to 
pleadings. Duchy of Lancaster," published by the Record 
Commission, we get the following list of causes : 

19 Henry VIIL Plaintiffs, Thomas Akehurat and Thos. Petty: Defendants, Elys 
Midmore and John Shepherd, the Eing*6 bailifib : Premisses, disputed claim to oa^e 
taken * in withernam : * Places, Elynglegh and Chetynglegh. 

22 Henry VIIL Plaintiffo, John Praty and Thomas Pntty : Def., John Shepherd, 
bailiff of Pevensey Bape, and filys Midmore : Premisses, seizure of cattle upon a writ 
ot fieri fdoiiu and replevin, and commitment of the Bailiff of the Court of ByjM to 
the Fledt prison: Places, Chetynglegh, ko, 

Henry VIII. (s. d.) John Playsted, bailiff of Pevensey Bape, against William 
Pelfaam [lord of me manor of Laughton, and builder of Laugfaton Place] : 
Premisses, disputed claim to casualties and estrays of cattle in Dykar Waste. 

Early in the reign of Elizabeth commenced an almost in- 
terminable series ci suits relative to the points in dispute. 
The Dyker had been leased by the Crown to Anthony Smith, 
and a suit was made (7. Eliz.) for him by Wm. Fletewood, 
Serjeant of the duchy court, against John Russell and Thos. 
Pyme, for a tenement upon the waste or open ground of the 
Dyker, at a place called Cromerlotte {hodie Camberlott) 
where the defendants had committed a purpresture or en- 
croachment. 2. A similar suit against Wm. Devenish, Edw. 
Howell, John Akerst, John Inskippe, John Frend and others, 
for trespass in Dyker Waste, containing 700 acres, part of 



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PABOCHIAL HISTOBY OF CHIDDIKGLT. 235 

which defendants stated had belonged to the prior of Otteham. 
3. Another (9. Eliz.) against Rich. Thunder, who had the 
fee of land called Margose {hodie Margers by Nash-Street), 
at the will of John Pelbam, lord of the manor of Laughton, 
and Matthew Rowffe, they as defendants claiming right of 
common pasture in the waste ground called the Dyker in 
Chetynglygh, containing 450 acres- [This most refer to the 
portion of the waste in Chiddingly only.] 4. A coimter 
suit of Wra. Devenyshe, claiming the estate of the prior and 
convent of Otteham, as seized of 120 acres super Dyker^ &c., 
against Wm. Fletewood, the duchy serjeant, and Anthony 
Smythe, who as lessee held 440 acres. Premisses : a waste 
ground called the Dyker, containing 700 acres, and particu- 
larly of the waste at Cromerlott and Bowershipp (Boreship, 
in Hellingly, afterwards the residence of a branch of the Fuller 
family). 5. The next suit was instituted by Fletewood 
against Rich. Pretty, John Peckham, Hen. Skynner, Wm. 
Rowse, Thomas Willarde and others, trespassers on the Dyker. 

6. Another by Smith, the queen's fanner of 450 acres of 
Dyker, against Richard Pretty, Wm, Rowse, and others. 

7. (10. Eliz.) John Pelham, as lord of Laughton manor, 
against Anthony Smyth, respecting the waste ground called 
the Dyker, containing 530 acres, part of the Honour of the 
Egle. In all these proceedings Smyth seems to have been 
successful, and we hear no more of these squabbles until the 
17th Elizabeth, when (8) John Jeflferay, serjeant-at-law — 
afterwards the celebrated chief baron — espousing the popular 
cause, commenced a suit against the lessee. 9. The next 
suit was between John Jefferay, on behalf of the Queen, and 
John Foote, who claimed as representative of the dissolved 
priory of Mychelham, right of pasture in Dyker waste. 10. 
The same year Smyth sued John Jefferay, Humphrey 
Miller, and others claiming the right of William Devenishe 
for lands called Dyker Farm and Meerfields. 11. (23. Eliz.) 
The attorney-general, on a relation of Anth. Smyth, against 
Dame Judithe Pelham and others respecting the ground 
called the Dyker and the boundaries thereof. 12. (The 
last recorded in the calendar) The attorney-general against 
John Acton, Rich. Pretye, and others claiming in right of 
Lady Judithe Pelham respecting woodlands on the Dicker. 

2g2 

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236 PAEOCHIAL mSTOEY OF CHIDDINGLY. 

What further proceedings occurred I cannot ascertain. The 
Queen's claim was evidently very unpopular, and it was subse- 
quently withdrawn, and the waste adjudged to the lords and 
customary tenants of the respective manors. In 1813 an act 
of parliament passed for the enclosure of the waste lands within 
the manor of Laughton, and by an arrangement provided for 
in that act — ^the consent of every tenant having been first 
obtained — the Dicker was apportioned to the customary 
tenants of the manor. Of the other portions of the waste, 
that which had belonged to Otteham priory, and which lay 
principally in Hellingly, had been previously enclosed; while 
of that formerly possessed by the monks of Michelham, and 
denominated the Upper Dicker, in the parish of Arlington, 
part has until within the last twenty years remained un- 
enclosed. 

The date, the founder, and the patron saint of Chiddingly 
church are alike unknown. The first mention of the benefice 
is in the reign of King John (Abbrev. Placit. p. 89), when a 
dispute arose respecting the last presentation to the church 
of Chittingeleg, which John de Monte Acuto claimed against 
William Maufe, who appeared, and stated that he had pre- 
sented a clerk, and that the see of Chichester being vacant, 
a legate had admitted such clerk. The jurors said that 
William, the father of the said William, presented one 
Gilbert, and that afterwards Richard, son of William, had 
impleaded the prior of Lewes, and recovered seizin, and pre- 
sented the said Gilbert to that church. 

In the Taxatio Ecclesiastica of Pope Nicholas, 1291, 
the advowson was an adjunct to the Chancellorship of Chi- 
chester cathedral, and the vicarage was estimated at £5 6s. 8d. 
per annum. Fifty years later, 1341, we have the estimated 
value in the Nonae Return (see ante). The impropriation of 
Chiddingly continued with the Chancellors of Chichester 
until 7th Elizabeth, when it was exchanged for the rectory 
of Ditchling and the advowson of the vicarage. In the same 
year the rectorial tithes were granted by the crown to Thomas 
Reeve, Willm. Revet, and WiUm. Hitchins, and by them in 



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PAROCHIAL HISTORY OF CHIDDINGLY. 237 

the following year to Sir Richard Sackville. In 16th James 
I, Richard, Earl of Dorset, Lord Willm. Howard of Naworth, 
Sir Geo. Rivers of Chaflford, Richard Amherst of Lewes, and 
Edw. Lindsey of London, sold the rectory and parsonage to 
Willm. Crowe of Mayes, Esq., Nicholas Rootes of Maresfield, 
Esq., and Rich. Keymer of Maresfield, Gen. The parsonage 
lands are specified in the deed, " all which do lye together to 
the parke of Chiddingly, east, to a lane leading from the 
tawn-street to the churche.'' — 17th James I. the aforesaid 
purchasers sold the great tithes, &c., to John French, Gen. 
— 24th Charles I. Samuel Fuller, of Tanners in Waldron, 
Esq., and Stephen, son and heir of John French, sold it to 
John Fuller and French Fuller, both of Waldron, Esquires. 
In the same year John Fuller, of Waldron, sold to Stephen 
French, all the tithes of certain lands at Streame. In 1678, 
John Fuller of Waldron gave the rectory and parsonage 
to his son John, in whose family they have ever since re- 
mained. 

In the Valor Ecclesiasticus of Henry VIII. the vicarage is 
estimated at £8 per annum, with the deduction of 2s. 8d. 
for procuration, and 8d. for synodal. In the same record 
there appears a pension of 10s. payable to the Dean of 
Chichester, while the farm of the rectorial tithes belonging to 
the Chancellor of that church, and the glebe of the rectory 
are reckoned at £7. This was probably a lease, much below 
the actual value. 

The following returns of Commissioners for the inspection 
of churches are among the Consistory records at Lewes. 

" 1686. ChuToheB inspected by Mr. Timothy Parker, Rector o^ East Hoathly. 

" Chiddingly. The windows of the chancell want gittfeing. The church wants 
new whiteliming. A Carpet wanting to y^ Comunion table. A book of Canons and 
table of degrees pliibiting marryage wanting. The Churchwarden hath engaged to 
have what's wanting provided, and what's deoay'd repaired. A silver patin is 
wanting." 

Bishop Boweb's Visitation, 1724. 

{Inter alia.) " The Chuioh in good Bepair without Side ; the Walls within want 
White- Washing, and some of the Beats repairing. The Windows in the South Wing 
of the Church Belonging to the honourable Mr. Henry Pelham want mending. The 
Ceiling of the Chancell which is to be repaired by John Fuller of Rose-Hill, Esq., 
wants mending and the Walls whitewashing. The Rails about the Communion 
Table want mending. 

*' A good Surplice, Pulpit Cloth and Cushion, a good Carpett, two linnen Cloths, 
two Chests with three locks on each, one Silver Cup, and one Silver Salver. 

" About Seventy-five families, one of Presbyterians, one of Anabaptists. 

*' Divine Service and a Sermon each Lord's Day. The Sacrament Administered 
four Times a year, about 40 Communicants." 



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238 



FABOCmAL HISTOBY OF CHIDDINQLY. 



The Church occupies a commanding situation near Hie 
centre of the parish. The surrounding church-yard is amply 
stored with memorials of the departed, and encompassed bj 
wooden rails, which are kept in repair by the tenants of the 
respective farms, a certain portion being supported by each. 
The respective rails are marked with the initials of the 
tenants, and are, in consequence, denominated church-marks. 
This primitive custom, though not confined to the parish, is 
peculiar to this part of the county. I subjoin a document 
of the last century, in which the liabilities of each farm are 
stated. It purports to have been "transcribed by John 
Herring, Vicar, Nov. 17th, 1772." 



Ak AocoTTirr of the Church-yaid Marka of the Pariah of Chiddingly taken from 
ancient recardtf beginning at the North- Weat comer, and ao to ye Bast, with the 
number of feet each mark oontaina : — 









IheC 


John Ghatfield, Clerk, for je Freights nudntaina . 83 


Ditto, foryeHildera 


84 


The Owner of Eadea I^nd at Whiteamith 




: lif 


John Banniater near Holm'a-Hill 




John Beed, nr. ye Dicker 






' i< 2 


Richard Tomer, gent, for Qoodmana 






. 1) 2 


William Thorpe, nr. ye Dicker 






. g 2 


Sir John Dyke, maintaina 






9 


Boee Fuller, eeq., for ye Paiaonage 






20 








li 6 


Edward Buaaell, near the Dicker . 






The Park Farm 






. 46 


Tart*a land at Swanabrook 






7 


Highlanda, Ld. Pdlham 






22 


Brightling [Charity] Landa 






9 


The Hale Farm 






16 


The Qon Landa 






6 


The Stroud Landa 






9 


The Gatehouae Farm 






40 


Easterfield Farm 






11 


Stonehill Farm 






16 


Bich. Holman*a Farm, PickhiU . 






8 


Buzghole Farm, Dewdney 






6 


Beard'a Land belonging to the Hale 
Attree'a Land, PickhiU . 






6 






6 


Peaka Farm 






29 


The Old-Mill landa 






5 


Thunder'a-Hill, Bamabeach, and WiUeta 






20 


Bich. Turner, gent, for Shirleya 






8 


Farley'aFarm 






84 


Weat-atreet 






6 


J. Holman, for Land near the Stream 






12 


Belfa Land, near Whiteamith 






9 


Alchom'a Bird-in-hand, a gate and two poata 




5 


The late Miller'a Land, at Muddlea Green (atile) 




8 


Mr. Willard'a Farm at Whiteamith 




24 


BurghillFarm .... 






40 



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PAROCHIAL EISTOBT OF CHIDDINaLT. 



239 



Thomas Bray, for land near the Dicker 

J. BUis for ye Qooeenest 

Wm. Pink at Nash-street . 

Henry Stephens, for land nr. ye Dicker . 

George Medley, Esq., for ye Purchase 

The Shelf Land belonging to Burghill Farm 

Nash Street Lands belonging to Burghole Farm 

Bobert Smith's Land near ye Dicker . , 

Abr. Langham*s Land near Holme's Hill 

Biohard Tomer, gent, for Holme's Hill . 

StucklesLand 

WoodfiEtll Down, now oocapied by W. Elphick . 
Boee Fuller, Esq., for the Pickes Land . 
Part of Foxhunt Fajm .... 
Thomas Hiokes for Newington's Land 

The Place Farm including ye Gate . 

Edward Holman, for Smith's Land (WQIiam Tourle) 
Willm. Beynolds ..... 
The Stream Fann .... 



li 

8 
10 
16 






6 



6 
10 

5 
82 

6 

6 
29 



The Church consists of a nave, with aisles and a north 
porch, a chancel, and a tower, at the west end, crowned with 
a stone spire, which reaches the altitude of 128 feet, 
and has octagonal pinnacles at the angles. In a district 
very deficient of spires of any kind, and where stone spires 
are hardly seen, this pile forms, from many points of view, a 
noble and picturesque object. The whole fabric is con- 
structed of the stone of tiie country, and there is a tradition, 
confirmed by the traces of a deep but disused pit, that the 
materials were procured from a field in the northern part of 
the parish, on the fiEirm called Hildersw The chancel is of the 
Early-English style bordering upon the geometrical. The 
east window of five lights was originally of large dimensions, 
but the tracery has been entirely cut away in comparatively 
recent times. Both the north and south aisles have an Early 
English window of one light at their west end, and there have 
been several later insertions. On the south side is a kind of 
transeptal chapel, built in the reign of James L, to receive 
the great JeflFeray monument. The tower is apparently of 
the fifteenth century. There is a large western window 
which does not occupy its due place in the face of the wall, 
having been pushed, as it were, on one side to make way for 
a newel staircase, which occupies the S.W. angle of the 
tower. Below is a doorway with two blank shields in the 
spandrels, and l^e hood-moulding terminates on each side 
with the bucUe^ the Felham badge, so common in the neigh- 



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240 PAROCHIAL HISTORY OF CHIDDINGLY. 

bouring churches,** which would seem to show that that 
family were benefactors to the fabric. About the beginning 
of the present century, some symptoms of insecurity haying 
been observed at the upper part of the tower, and at the base 
of the spire, the village blacksmith was called in to prevent 
a downfall, which he contrived by encircling the latter with 
a massive iron chain, and by various cramps and ties in the 
tower.** The belfiy contains a peal of six bells of some 
renown among local campanologists. The inscriptions upon 
them and their measurements are subjoined : — 

1. Miles Grate made lo, 1684. 

26 19 48 51 l} 

2. Recast by subscsiftion, 1774. Thos. Janawat, rEcrr. 

27 21 49 54 2 

8. John Lulham, Robert Stores, Churchwardens. Roger Tapsell made 
mb, 1688. sl. el. dd. en. es. 

80 22 51 54 2 

4. T. O. 1617. 

81 24 58 * 57 2i 

5. Recast bt subscriftiok. Thomas Meabs, of London, fecit, 1811. 

85 25 62 66 ^ 

6. Recast bt subscription, 1778. Thomas Janawat, fecit. 

89 28 67 76 2}^ 

A passage extends from the tower arch to the chancel, and 
this is intersected through the middle of the nave by another 
which extends from the porch on the north side to the south 
door. The porch formerly covered the south door, and was 
removed to its present position in the year 1657. The aisles 
are separated from the nave by short, thick octagonal columns, 
supporting heavy pointed arches. A similar arch communi- 
cates with the chancel. Across this arch was placed the 
rood-loft, no traces of which however remain. The chancel 
greatly requires restoration. During some recent repairs, a 
trefoil-headed piscina was discovered on the south side, and 
re-opened, but of the Easter sepulchre, which is well known 
to have existed in the northern wall, no trace was dis- 
covered.*^ 

** Subs. Aroh. Coll., yol. iil p. 211. communicated to me by J. B. D. Tyssen, 

^ Daring these workSi an ad7ontarou8 Esq., F.S.A. The figoreB relate to the 

yillager ascended the spire for the pur- dimensions of the bells — ^the diameter, 

pose of taking down the vane to be the height, the circumference of crown, 

* glottered ' (i.e. re-gilt). While at the the circumference of waist, and thick - 

summit he performed the perilous feat of ness of sound-bow, all in inches, 

standing upon his head on the apex. <? Remains of mural paintings, of no 

M These particulars have been kindly great antiquity or interest, were found. 



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PABOCHIAL HISTORY OF CHIDDINGLY, 241 

Of monuments and inscriptions this church affords a con- 
siderable variety, though none of them are very ancient. 
The oldest commemorates the founder of the Jefferay family 
in Chiddingly, who lies buried in the middle of the nave, 
beneath a slab, on which is a brass plate thus inscribed : — 

^f ffo^ OtaviU praff tot tttt 0OUU0 of So^n 

r^tttMtrt xxt)ii) iraff of Sum t^t pet of o^ 

lorli fiHt b< xiii, of \n^ow 0oul(0 ^ftn ^au$ mtvtp. 

At the foot of this slab there probably lay another to the 
memory of William, one of the sons of John and Agnes 
Jefferary, and beyond that a third for Thomas his son — ^see 
their wills ante — but no trace of them now exists. The next 
slab in genealogical order bears this inscription : — 

" Sub hoo marmore jaoet corp. Gulielmi Jefferaji generoai, at ampli' patet in 
quoda parvo monumento, austral! parte hig* ecclesiie affixo." 

Above are the arms of Jefferay ; lower down, on the same 
stone, is a shield of arms nearly effaced. Sable^ a chevron 
between three miUpicks Argent^ for Moseley of Staffordshire, 
with this additional inscription : — 

** Juxta hoo ex boreall parte jaoet oorp* Margarite uxor Tho. Jefferay, filil et 
heredis ipsi* Qvliel., cig' monvme't. extat in eaoeUo big' eoolesisB." 

To the left of the chancel arch is a small mural monument 
thus inscribed:— 

" In the chayncell of this chirob lyeth byried the body of Richard Jefferay, of 
Soyth Mailing, Esq., sole brother to Sir John Jefferay, Lo: chiefe baron. He 
marled Margerie, davghter of Jo: H^rmphry, of Warwick, Esq., and widowe of 
Richard Keyme, by whome he had issve Fra: his only sonne, maried to Eliz : 
Mayney, one of the davght. and coheires of Walter Mayney, of Kent, Esq., and 2 
dayghteiB, Margaret, maried to Edward Mascall, of Plompton, Gent: and Alice, 
maried to John Gardiner, of Ratcliffe, neere London, Gent : He dyed the 13. of 
Decemb : in ye yeare 1600, and the 72 of his age. 

" Expeoto donee yeniat immutatio mea : Job. 14 : 14. 

"Franciso. Jefferay, filiys egvs unic, patri suo hoo monymentym poeyit. An. 
1612.»' 

On the opposite side of the arch, partially concealed by 
the pulpit, is a small monument aflSxed to the wall, contain- 
ing representations in relief of a gentleman, a lady, two sons, 
and seven daughters, in a devotional attitude. On a tablet 
beneath we read : — 

'' Heer lyeth the body of William Jefferay, Gent. ' He died on the 29. of October, 
An. Salut. 1611 ; »tatis syes 68. He married the davghter and heire of Tho. 
XIV. 2h 



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242 PAROCmAL HISTORY OF CHIDDINGLT. 

Hairey, Cituen and Grocer of London, by whom he had issve 2 sonnes and 7 
davghters, who are all yet living. He went to the grave in a fall age after he had lived 
in ^>od report and kept howse with his s*^ wife the spaoe of 42 yeares together in 
ihU Parish, and had seene many of his children's children. 

" Thomas Jefferay, filivs ej' primog*. patri dilecto memoriffi et oheervantlse ergo 
poBvit, Ano. 1612." 

The monumental glory of the church, is the gorgeous tomb 
of Chief-Baron Jefferay and his family, which stands in a 
small chapel erected for its reception on the south side of the 
church, and opening into the south aisle. The dimensions 
of this magnificent memorial are 18 feet in height by 12 in 
breadth. The accompanying illustration, from a photograph, 
conveys a fair idea of the monument. In the middle com- 
partment is a recumbent figure in alabaster of the judge in 
his official robes and collar of SS, his right hand support- 
ing his head, and his left holding a closed scroll. From 
the proportions of the sculpture, the observer is led to con- 
clude that Sir John was in person below the middle height : 
his features wear a commanding expression. Lower down, 
resting upon the base of the monument, which is composed of 
Sussex marble, with ornamental mouldings, recline the effigies 
of Dame Alice, his first wife. On the dexter side, within a 
niche, is an erect statue of Sir Edward Montague, with a 
dense beard, and habited in a flowing robe, with a sword by 
his side, the pommel of which has been broken off.*® On 
the other side stand the effigies of Dame Elizabeth, his wife, 
in the extraordinary costume of the period. Her tight 
boddice, fastened with small hemispherical buttons from top 
to bottom, contrasts ludicrously with her broad well-starched 
collar above, and her preposterously large hooped petticoat 
below. The grotesque appearance of this latter article of 
dress is by no means diminished by a skull, which peeps out 
from its nether folds, apparently to adumbrate the fact that 
her ladyship had triumphed over Death. At the middle of the 
base of the monument, on an advanced pedestal, is a small 
and much mutilated upright figure of the heiress of Sir Edw. 
Montague. The tomb is surmounted by a semicircular 
arch, highly decorated, and within it on a black marble 



*9 At Eimbolton, the seat of the Duke whioh hears a oonsiderahle re&emhlance 
of Manchester, a descendant of Sir Ed- to this figure, 
ward, there is a fine portrait of the latter. 



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PAROCHIAL HISTORY OF CHIDDINGLY. 243 

tablet, supported by small figures emblematical of Time and 
Mortality, is the following inscription : — 

*' Here lye buried the bodies of Sir John Jefiferay, Ent., late Lord Chief Baron of 
the Excheqvr, and of Alice his first wife, sole davghter and heire of John Apsley, 
of London, gent., and of Dame Elizabeth, sole davghter and heire, married to Sir 
Edward Montagv, of Bovghton, in the covnty of Northampton, Knight of the 
Bathe, by whome shee left issre living one only daughter, Elizabeth, married to the 
Bight Honovrable Sir Robert Bertie, Knight of the Bathe, Lord Willvby, of 
WUlvby, Beacke, and Ersby, who have issve now living three sonnes, Montagv, 
Boger, Peregrine, and one daughter, Katherine. 

" The said John Jefferay dyed the xxiii. of May, 1576.*' Alice, his first wife, died 
the 28th of May, 1570 ; and Dame Elizabeth Montagv, there davghter, died the 6th of 
December, 1611; at whose reqvest to her said hvsband, Edward Montagv, in memory 
both of her discent and ofspringe, this monvment was erected and finished, 1612." 

The monument was profusely ornamented with heraldry, 
consisting of the arms and quarterings of the family ; but 
both these and the monument itself are fast yielding to the 
ravages of time. Tradition has, as usual, attributed these 
dilapidations to the puritans of the seventeenth century, but 
the charge rests upon no good foundation, and is probably 
untrue. Independently of the ordinary decay which befalls 
human creations, it is probable that the Jefferay monument 
has suffered from an unfortunate popular mistake, which 
identified the principal person commemorated with the flagi- 
tious judge. Sir George Jeffries, temp. James IL, who was 
not born until many years after Sir John Jefferay's death. 
The author of the " Curiosities of Great Britain," published 
many years since, in an account of the tomb, furnished by 
Mr. William Lashmar of Chiddingly, says : " The people 
hereabouts simply tell you that he [Sir John J.] dropped 
down dead with the scroll in his hand, as the peculiar judg- 
ment of Heaven on a wicked judge in a wrong cause." A 
ridiculous statement made these Jefferays so proud that " the 
ground was not good enough for them to walk upon,*' and in 
consequence they had a range of cheeses laid every Sunday 
from their mansion to the church, to set their dainty feet on ! 
The two round tablets upon which the statues of Sir Edward 
and Lady Montague stand, do in truth somewhat resemble a 
couple of gigantic cheeses, and they probably suggested this 
" mighty pretty story," which to the credit of the existing ge- 
neration is a " tradition only traditionally remembered." 

The next and only other remaining monument of the Jeffe- 

*^ There is an error as to the date of death. See notice of Sir J. J., ante. 

2h2 



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244 PABOCHIAL HISTORY OF CHIDDINGLY. 

rays, is a small one affixed to the nortli wall of the chancel. In 
the centre of it is an um hollowed in front to display a carved 
skull, around which is the legend "fvi maegarita.'* On each 
side of the um is an angel of good design. The inscription is ; 

" In memory of Maifierie, eldest daughter of Richard Moeeley, of Ovsedail, in 
the 00. of Stt^ord, Esq.) and wife vnto Thomas Jefiferay, son and heir of William 
Jefferay, of this puuh, Gent, to whom (being three years married) she left issTe 
two daughters, Lettioe and Margaret. 

" Flesh is bvt flesh : the foltest flowers do £ftll : 
The strongest stoop : death is the end of alL 
" Inclyta gem'a jaoet, pnidensi pia, pulchra, pudica, 
Ante diem cadens, Inoljrta gemma jacet : 
Corporis haec quamqu* cineres habet uma repostas, 
Mens super astra tamen non peritura manet. ^ 
" Obiit Syo die Sep<" anno salutis 1618— sues 25. 

'* Charissinue conjugis memorie pilque amoris ei^go posuit moestissimus maritus, 
anno 1620." 



More to the eastward is another monument surmounted by 
the arms and crest of French and Foster. 

" Here lieth the body of Stephen French, Gent., eldest son of John French, of 
stream, in this parish, Esq., by Anne, his wife, daughter of John SackyiUe, of 
Selsoombe, in this county, Esq. The said Stephen French married Susan Foster, 
second daughter of Robert Foster, of Fosters, in Egham, in the county of Surrey, 
Knt, Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench, by whom he had issue one son and 
six daughters, Anne, Elizabeth, John, Mary, Susan, Charite, and Eatherine. John 
French departed this life in Wadham College, Ozon, where he was then student, 
and was interred there in that chapel under a small monument. Eatherine French 
died before her father, and lyeth interred by him in this chancel. He departed this 
life in the 44th year of his age. This monument his living wife and daughters 
erected in memory of him. Obiit June 2dd. Anno Dom. 1666." 

Opposite the foregoing is a mural monument surmounted 
by an escocheon of the following arms : Quarterly ; first and 
fourth — Azure^ a lion pa^sard-guardant Or ; second and 
third — Argent^ a cross fieury Sable between four Cornish 
choughs Proper ; impaling French. Crest, a lion passant 
Or^ holding in his mouth a wreath Argent and Sable. 

'* Sacred to the memory of John Bromfield, Esq., of Lewes, in Sussex, who died 
Jan. 80, 1735, aged 52. And Elizabeth his wife, daughter of John Weelces, Esq., 
of Westfield, in Sussex, who died Nov. 6, 1734, aged 42. They left one son and 
one daughter, by whom this monument is erected, as a token of their duty and 
gratitude to the best of parents. Elizabeth, the daughter, died in January, 1790, 
aged 62, and was buried in the parish church of St. Anne, otherwise St. Peter and 
St Mary Westout, of Lewes. And John, the son, died January 30, 1792, aged 65, 
and was buried in this chancel." 

The following are upon two slabs in the chancel : — 

*< Here lyeth Stephen French, of Stream, Esq., who dyed the 23 of June, 1666. 
And Sosanna his wif, aged 76 yeares, who dyed the 16 of Maroh, 1695." 

*' Here Lyeth the Body of Mary, 8d Daughter of Stephen French, of Stream, Esq., 
and Susannah his Wife, Who Dyed ye 10th Day of March, 1695." 

M Falling too soon, a priceless gem lies here. 
Prudent as pious — beauteous as sincere ; 
What though this urn her much-loved ashes boast, 
Her soul, beyond the stars, shall ne'er be lost I 



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PAROCHIAL HISTORY OF CHIDDINGLT* 245 

There are several other memorials of the Frenches and 
others, concealed by the boarding of the chancel, which we 
are fortunately enabled to supply from Sir William Burrell's 
notes, taken on his visit to the church in June, 1783. 

'* Here lieth the Body of French Bromfeild, Esq., first son of Thos. Bromfeildi 
Esq., late of Lewes, in this County. He died the 11th of November, 1719, fet. 52. 

** Here lieCh Ann, wife of Thos. Bromfeild^ Esq., of Lewes, in this Co., eldest 
daughter of Stephen French, late of this parish, and Susannah, his wife. She left 
issue two sons, and died the 19th day of January, 1697. 

" Here lieth the body of Thos. Bromfeild, of Lewes, in this Co., Esq., who 
married Ann, the daughter of Stephen and Susa. French, of this parish, Esq., who 
departed this life the 27th day of January, 1710, mt 78.<> 

*' Here, &o., Elizabeth, 2nd daughter of Stephen French, &c., who died the -^- 
day of Sept., . 

" Here, &o., Susannah, 4th daughter of Stephen French, &o., who died ye 2l8t 
day of June, 1709, »t 56." 

In the passage running from the porch to the south door 
are the following : — 

" Here lyeth Sara Pilbeam, who dyed Jvne the 2, 1692, aged — years, and — ^ 
bar sister Wicks." 

^* Here Lieth Interred ye Body of James Pilbeam, of this Parish, Son of Richard 
and Elizabeth Pilbeam, of Wivelsfield, in this County, who Departed this life April 
ye 9, 17-8, aged 81 years. Also ye Body of ye abovesaid Elizabeth, who died May 
8, 1757, aged 88 years." 

'* Here lies interred the body of Thomas Thunder, late of Thunder's Hill, who 
departed this life March ye 8d., 1710, aged 60 years. Near this place lies allso the 
Body of William Thunder, Brother to the aboyesaid Thomas Thunder, who departed 
this life Dec., 1708, aged — ." 

" Here lies Interred the Body of Margarett Smith, Widdow, late of Thunder's 
Hill, in this parish, sister to the said Thomas and William Thunder, who Departed 
this life the 8l8t day a March, 1781, in the 76 year of her age." 

To the westward of John JeflFeray's slab are inscriptions 
commemorative of some of the vicars, which will be given 
hereafter in my notices of the incumbents. 

The old font of the church, probably of the 14th century, 
was ejected many years since, and replaced by a miserable 
little marble basin. During the incumbency of the present 
esteemed vicar, a new font has been introduced ; the upper 
part, however, is ancient, and came from the church of South 
Heighten, long since destroyed by lightning. 

The earliest Parish Register has been lost. The existing 
one commences, for baptisms and burials, in 1621 and for 
marriages in 1623, and is complete from that date. The 
duplicates in the archdeaconry court at Lewes begin in 1605, 
but many of the annual bills are missing. 

•1 Thos. Bromfield, Esq., is elsewhere that title in the Parish Register, 
styled " Migor," and^e is entered under 



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246 PAROCHIAL HISTORY OF CHIDDINGLY. 

There are numerous entries of members of the gentry fami- 
lies of Jefferay, French, CaWerley, Willard, Miller, Tourle, 
Newington, Chauntler, Shirley, Millward, Acton, and Delve, 
some of whom appear to have been but temporarily associated 
with the parish. 

There are several puritan baptismal names. Thus in 1 62 1 , 
John, the son of Ffreegift Bishopp was baptized; in 1618, 
Restore Weekes espoused Constant Semar; and in 1631, 
Thomas Perse took to wife Faint-not Kennarde. On 26tli 
Marche, 1616, was buried Mary, wiflFe oi Ffreegift Mabbe. 
Hume preserves a Sussex jury-list, the constituents of which 
all bore such names as Called Lower of Warbleton, Redeemed 
Compton of Battle, Stand-fast-on-high Stringer of Crowhurst, 
&c. He alleges that about the middle of the seventeenth 
century (1653) the Puritans laid aside the names of Henry, 
Edward, Anthony, &c., as " heathenish and ungodly,'* and 
adopted these ridiculous substitutes; but it is quite clear 
from the date^ of the above-quoted entries that such names 
were in vogue in the preceding century, and that they do not 
belong exclusively to the Barebones epoch. Sir William 
Burrell has preserved a list similar to Hume's, and it includes 
one of the names just cited, viz. : — 

" Free-gift Mabbe of Chiddingly." 

Now as this person lost his wife in 1616, it is quite 
apparent that he must have been bom in the sixteenth cen- 
tury, and that he does not come within the range of Hume's 
sneer about the " pretended saints" of the Cromwellian era.** 

About the middle of the seventeenth century, Chiddingly 
church appears to have been a favourite resort for persons 
desirous of entering upon the holy state of matrimony. In 1653 
there were eighteen, and in 1654 thirty-seven, weddings. 
Many of the couples came from distant parishes, and even 
from other counties; e. g. : — 

" 1654. Biohard Day, of Mayfield, and Mary Weston, of Rotherfield. 

John Whitepaine, of St Michaers in Lewes, and Mary Typton, of St 

Anne*8 Parishe. 

Mr. John Broke, of Feversham, Kent, and Bridget Thomas, of Ospringe. 

• George Knatchbull, of Cranbrooke, and Avis Porter." 

^> Neither, certainly, does an inhabi- tion, the bace son of Catren Andrewes." 

tant of the neighbouring parish of Wal- (From the register bill at Lewes.) See 

dron, whose baptismal register bears more on this subject in my "English 

date 17 Deoemb., 1609 : *' l<lie-fomioa- Sumames," vol. i. j)p. 226'2d0. 



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PABOCHIAL mSTOBT OF CHIDDINGLT. 247 

Under the year 1707 is the following marriage entry : 

" William Thunder and Eliz: Horeoraft, as is reputed, but not certainly known, 
Anab," (Anabaptists.) 

** 1729. Mr. Boger Mortimer and Mrs. Sarah Collier, both of Bastboume, per 
license." 

The gentleman was a painter of local celebrity, and uncle 
of Jno. Hamilton Mortimer, " the Sussex Salvator Rosa." 

In 1638 there were 30 burials, and the year 1656 is 
marked as " a time of mortality uppon the Dicker." The 
following mortuary records are somewhat singular : — 

" 1643. Biohd. Snatchall, a stout yong man, a curious blacksmith, died of ye 
small-pox. 

'^653. Old goodman Message. Goodman Tutt*s wife. 

'**1656. Bichard Luccas, w<i>out any buriall was buried, April 25th. Widdowe 
Ince Bur. without any burial 1 

*' 1658. Wickins, a lame boy. 1659. A maide of N. M.— A maide of B. B." 

The following entries show the longevity of some of the 
inhabitants : — 

*' 1659, April 18. George Bennett, aged 112 years, buried." 

" 1646, May 27. Dorothy Earle (a woman of great age, viz. 106 years) buried." 

<' 1710, March 27. Old John EUis, the &ther of Whitesmith, was buried." 

" 1797, Jan. 2. Balph Bull, aged 92." 

" 1809, March 16. Eliz. Horscraft, aged 94." 

Among more recent instances of protracted life may be 
mentioned Mr. Richard Hicks, 1837, aged 92; Mr. Richard 
Soper, 1838, aged 99 ; his widow reached a similar age; Anne 
Glyde, a pauper, 183-, aged 97 ; Mr Thos. Guy, 1855, aged 90. 

In the church chest there are some records dating from 
about the year 1658. They contain few facts of general 
interest. The following refer to the payments by the church- 
wardens for the destruction of vermin^ and it will be seen 
that foxes in those days ranked in that category : 



<'1662. For two Bodgers' heads 

For another Bodger*s head 
* 1665. To Catlin's maide for a Gray's^ hed 
And to Rd. Swane for a Gray's hed 
To Morrell for fouer Fox-heads... 
1667. Mr. Ffuller's man for a foz-hed 

1671. ForSffozheds 

For a fox-hed to John Bahbet ... 

1672. Sir John Pelham*s man for 3 d° . 



2 

10 

1 

10 

4 

10 

3 

10 

8 



For a foxe's head to Capt Ffuller*s man ... 1 

•* '* Orey ** is an old word for a Bad- in this parish was probably named after 
ger, whenoe "^r^y-hound.*' ^r^y-wood the animal. 



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248 



PAROCHIAL HISTOBT OF CHIDDINaLT. 



Under 1662 is the following memorandam: — 

*' Obeeire. OhittiDgly payeth yearly for the masrmed aouldiera IS*, for Jayle ?. 
and for Charitable Yses 8" 1^, and the treasurers doe demand 1* 4^" 

For the following list of Vicars and Patrons of the benefice 
I am indebted to H. W. Freeland, Esq., M.P. It was ex- 
tracted fi'om the episcopal registers by the late J. B. Free- 
land, Esq. There is a hiatus from 1560 to 1667, which I 
have partially filled fi-om the parish register and other 
sources. 



DATE OF 
ADMISSIOK. 



1407, Aug, 4 

1418, June 3 

1478 

1509, Sep. 19 
1513,Jnly8 
1560, Jan. 6 



1588 

1628 

1652 

1667, April 4 

1671-2,Jan.2 

1692, Feb. 23 

1725, June 15 

1728, Apr. 16 

1787, Aug. 12 

1748, Aug. 81 
1777, Feb. 13 

1796, Mar. 80 
1825, Jan. 12 

1847, Oct 27 



INCUMBEirrS. 



John Stoke 

John Putter 

Walter Gunmaylok 
William Joy 
John Bumdon 

Simon Fewlar 
Willm.TiteltonCap. 

Thomas Chatfelde 

^ilhn. Storckey^ 
\ was minister, and f 
1 certainly vicar in ( 
11605 ; 

Samuel Burton, vicar 
Robert Baker, vicar 
Ephraim Bethell 
Thomas Eades 
Willm. Blackstone 
Giles Watkins 
Edward Luxford 

John Lloyd, A.B. 

John Herring, A.B. 
Thomas Baker 

Henry Bishop, AM. 

(WhitworthBus-) 
\ sell, A.M. j 

(James Henry ) 
Vidal, M.A. j 



HOW VACAHT. 



res. John Stoke 
res. John Putter 

death John Bumdon 
res. Simon Fowler 
d. Wm. Titelton 



buried 18 Jan. 
buried 15 Oct 



Cess. Wm. Blackstone 
d. Giles Watkins 

Cess. Edwd. Luxford 

Oess. John Lloyd 
d. John Herring 

d. Thomas Baker 
d« Hen. Bishop 

d. Whitwth. Russell 



PATBONa. 



(William Rede, ghan- 
1 cellor of the CathednU. 
Robert Neel, Chanoellor. 



[ Thomas Borwell, t^t^ . r 
I Chancellor. 
[ William Birley, Chan- 
I oellor. 
[ Augustin Bradbridge, 
Chanoellor. 



King Charles II. 
William and Mary. 
The King, by lapse. 
Lionel Duke of Dorset 

1 Lionel Cranfield Sack- 
ville, Duke and Earl of 
Dorset 
he same. 
Lord Geo. Germain. 
John Fredk. Sackvllle, 
Duke of Dorset 
Charles, Earl of Whit- 
worth, and Arabella Dl 
ana, Duchess of Dorset 
William Pitt, Earl Am 
herst, and Mary his 
wife. 



The following memoranda relating to some of the incum- 
bents appear worthy of preservation. 



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PABOCHIAL HISTOBY OF CHIDDINGLY, 249 

William Titelton or Tytlyngton, was incumbent during 
the sifting times of the Reformation. He is mentioned in 
the Valor of Henry VIIL as holding the vicarage, which he 
continued to hold notwithstanding the alternation of creeds at 
the accessions of Edward VI, Mary, and Elizabeth. Like 
his contemporary, the Vicar of Bray, he held on to his bene- 
fice through all the troubles of that stormy period, and died 
at last adhering to his original creed, as appears from his 
will, dated October 1, 1559. He bequeaths his soul in the 
usual formula of the church of Rome. His body he directs 
to be buried at Chiddingly, " in the chauncell, at the north 
syde, under the Sepulcre," (see description of the church 
ante). He gives to the church vj' viij"* ; to Clement Jackson, 
for making his grave iij* iiij**. " Also I will vi prestis to 
synge or saye dirige and masse, to pray for my sowle; every 
preyst to have xij**.," &c. 

William Storckey is mentioned in the " Certificate of 
armour and furniture" of the clergy of Sussex, 1595, thus: 
— "Chiddingly, Mr. Starke, Vic. — a Calliver furnished." 
Among the names of neighbouring gentry appended to this 
list we find — "John French of the Streame, j light horse; 
William Geffi-ey j ditto ; Richard Geffray, gent., j ditto." 

Thomas Eades, who succeeded to the vicarage soon after 
the restoration of the Stuarts, ranks among the non-jurors 
who refused allegiance to King William III. His zeal in 
the Jacobite cause, and the eccentricity of his character may 
be inferred from his will, proved in the Archdeaconry court 
of Lewes in 1718. 

^ In tl^t Nanw of ®<rtl, aimnt : the 23rd day of June, 
1715, in the first year of the reign of George, King of Great 
Brittaine, &c. I, Thomas Eades, of the parish of Chittingle, 
in the county of Sussex, Clar., being of sound and perfect 
memory, do make this my will and testament in manner and 
form following, that is to say, I commend my soul to God that 
gave it, and my body to the earth from whence it came, and 
do will that eight men shall carry my corps to the church, 
for which my executrix shall pay them halfe-a-crowne a piece. 
Item, I give to my wife, Lydia, my lands lying in Chittingly 
and Laughton during her naturall life, with power to let a 

XIV. 2 I 

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250 PAROCHIAL HISTORY OF CHIDDINGLY. 

lease for seven years. Item, I give and bequeath to the parish 
clarks of Chittinglie twenty shillings a year for ever, to be 
paid to them and every one of them out of my lands lying 
in Chittinglie, to be paid half yearly by even portions, that 
is to say, ten shillings at St. Michaelmas and ten shillings 
at our Lady-day, after the decease of my wife Lydia; and do 
give to the clarks and to every one of them the same 
power to recover the said legacy as landlords have for the re- 
covery of rent. But if it should so fall out that any clarke 
shall be chose of these names following, that is to say. 
Chapman, Strong, Shewsmith, Hollands, Fuller, Tree, or 
Attree, that none of any of these names shall receive any 
benefit of this my will, but the legacy so given shall be re- 
ceived by the churchwardens or overseers of the parish, and 
given to the poor of the parish, all the time any one of these 
names shall be clarke. And the clarkes of the parish re- 
ceiving this legacy shall take care that the stone that is laid 
upon my grave be no way abused, nor the superscription de- 
faced ; if any such thing shall fall out, that then the 
said present clarke shall lay down another at his own 
charge, every way equal to the first; which if any clarke 
shall refuse or neglect to do, then whosoever will take upon 
him and shall lay down another stone of the same sort, and 
of the same largeness, with the same superscription, shall 
have power to take and receive the said legacy till he is paid 
his fiill charge, and twenty shillings over for his care. I 
have no goods or chattels to dispose of, etc." He appoints 
Lydia his wife executrix, and Robert Holman overseer of his 
Will and Testament. 

The names Chapman, Strong, &c., were doubtless those of 
persons who had most actively opposed the non-juror's prin- 
ciples, and as most of these names occur in the Register, it 
is probable that they belonged to some of the leading persons 
of the parish. 

Eades survived his suspension about thirty years, residing 
probably during that time upon his little estate at White- 
smith. He died in 1717-8, at the advanced age of eighty 
years, and was buried in the nave of the church, where a flat 
stone, the object of the above bequest, still covers his re- 
mains. The ' superscription ^ which affords another proof of 



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PAROCHIAL HISTORY OF CHIDDINGLY. 251 

his prejudices and eccentricities — ^strong even in death — is 
as follows : 

" The body of Mr. Thomas Eades lies here, 
A faithful shepherd that did not pow'rs fear ; 
But kept old Truth, and would not let her go, 
Nor turn out of the way for friend or foe. 
He was suspended in the Dutehman^s days, 
Because he would not walk in their strange ways. 
Damona non armis ted morte mbcgU Jesus, 
As Xt by death his rampant foes trod down, 
So must all those who doe expect a crown. 
" He died 1717, aged about 80 years." 

The legacy above referred to has been the subject of 
several squabbles between the parish clerks and the owners 
of Eades' farm. In 1805, James Potter recovered £28 by a 
suit at law; subsequently the clerk's claim was again re- 
sisted, and by a court of law declared invalid, as the rent- 
charge had not been settled upon freehold property. In 
consequence of this, the inscription will probably at no dis- 
tant period be effaced, and these pages will have to perform 
the duty of handing down the record of the "faithful " and 
courageous "shepherd's" predilections and dislikes. 

Giles Watkins is commemorated by a tablet affixed to 
the outside of the church, at the west end of the north aisle. 

'* Infra jacet corpus Beverendl ^gidii Watkins, A.B., bujus eoclesiffi nuper ylcarii, 
qui obiit vicesimo quinto die mensis Februarii, Anno Domini I727| astatis 36.** 

John Herring lies buried in the church-porch under a 
plain stone of medieval type — :Qu: a second-hand tomb- 
stone? Above on a tablet is this inscription: — 

" In memory of the Rev. John Herring, who was Vicar of this parish 28 years, 
departed this life Deo. 28, 1776, aged 67 years." 

Mr. Herring is traditionally remembered as the first per- 
son who introduced potatoes into this district from Devon- 
shire. That this esculent dates only from a very recent 
period here, is proved by the fact that, the parish accounts 
of Mr. Herring's time contain an entry of " half-a-bushel of 
potatos " bought for the workhouse — probably as a delicacy 
for the sick. 

Thomas Baker was born of a respectable family in Suf- 
folk. On leaving the university he became travelling tutor 
to Lord George Germain, whom he more than once accom- 

2i2 



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252 PAROCHIAL HISTORY OF CHIDDINQLY. 

panied to North America, and by whom he was presented to 
the vicarage in 1777. He was an excellent classical scholar, 
and a cultivator of poetry. His only publication, so far as 
I am aware, is a " Poem on the Winter Season," which, con- 
sidering the unpoetical age in which he flourished, is not 
altogether destitute of merit. Mr. Baker, who also held the 
living of Alciston, died in 1795, and was buried in the 
church, beneath the following epitaph of his own compo- 
sition : 

" Reader, for thy eternal state prepare, 
By foith, repentanoe, piety, and prayer ; 
With this request the solemn silence breaks. 
And to the eye this cold, dumb marble speaks. 
Though dead, I preach. If e'er, with ill success, 
Living, I strove the important truth to press, 
Tour precious, your immortal souls to save. 
Hear me, at leasts O hear me from my grave.** 

During the earlier part of this excellent vicar's incum- 
bency he had a poetical parish clerk, one William Dine, who 
in 1771 printed at Lewes a small volume of "Poems on 
Several Occasions.'' Some of the verses are of merit, but in 
general they are' formed upon the type of Stemhold and 
Hopkins, and are even farther from any claim to immortality 
than those of the worthy vicar himself. 

In conclusion I have to thank W. D. Cooper, Esq., F.S.A., 
for several useful communications from the Record Office, 
and I am also indebted to Mr. James Noakes, churchwar- 
den of Chiddingly, for transcribing the monumental inscrip- 
tions in the church-yard, which will be found in the following 
pages. 



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INSCRIPTIONS m THE CHURCH-YARD, CHIDDINGLY, 

CONTBIBUTED BT Mb. JAMBS NOAEJSS, CHUBCHWABDEK. 



NOBIH SiDB OV ChUSCH. 

HeadtUmes. 

** In memory of Walter Got (late of Mill Hoiue), 
who died the 21st Jane, 1844, af^ed 84 yeans. 
Also of Ann, his first wile, who died the 19th 
Novr., 1794, aged 33 years Left surviving seven 
children. And of Frances, his second wiib, who 
died the 10th Octr., 1854, a«^ed 78 years. 

•* In memory of Richard Out, who died Octr. 24th, 
1805, a<^ 53 years. Also of Elixabeth, his 
wife, who died Deer. 12, 1798, aged 45 years. 
Also of Elizabeth, their eldest daughter, who 
died Fehy. 9th, 1794 ; likewise seven sons, who 
died in their infimcy.'* 

" In memory of Oift Out, daughter of Richard 
and Frances Guy» who died Novr. 19, 1790, aged 
16 years. 
In youth's gay prime hy ling'rlng sickness try'd. 
She paUent bow'd her lovely head and dy'd ; 
The path of innocence thro' life she trod. 
And Joyful fled for Refhge to her God. 
Reader, would'st thou to that blest place ascend, 
Wisely prepare, and make the Judge your friend. 
Also in this grave rests the body of Mart, sister 
to the above Gift, who died Jany. 22nd, 1793, aged 
14 years. 
Their mortal relicks to this bed we trust, 
TiU the last trump shall wake their slumbering 
dust." 

'* To the memoir of Elisabeth, wife of Richard 
Gut, who died March 24th, 1767, aged 87 vears. 
Also of Fbamcbs, his second wife, who died July 
16, 1794, aged 52 years. Also of the above said 
Richard Gut, who died 5th of July, 1807, aged 
88 years." 

" In memory of David Gut, late of this parish, 
yeoman, who departed this life September 12th, 
1812, aged 78 years. Alsoof Eluabeth, his wife, 
who departed this life, April 20, 1787, aged 55 
years. Andof Jebu, their son, who departed 
this life Augt. 80th, 1794, aged 20 years." 

" In memory of seven children, the issue of Thokas 
and Mart Gut, of the Place, in this parish, 
Elizabeth, bom 2nd May, 1804, died 8 May, 
1806; Charles, bom 16 Deer., 1805, died 4th 
May, 1806 ; Frances, bom 30 May, 1808, died 8 
Deer., 1809; Hbnrt, bom 10th July, 1809, died 
28th Jany., 1810 ; Richard, bora 11 Deer., I8I8, 
died 22 July, 1822 ; Matthew Mark, bom 8 July, 
1822, died 8rd Sepr., 1822 ; Luu John, bom 
8th July, died Sepr. 7th, 1822." 

Rails, 

" In memory of Elizabeth, wife of John Paox, 
who died 9 February, a.d. 1843, aged 44 years." 

** In memory of Jomv Roberts, who died 20 June, 
1807, aged 62 years. Also of Ann Roberts, his 
wife, who died 27th Octr., 1815, aged 72 years." 



Headstane$. 

** Sacred to the memory of Catherine Orikbtbad, 
who departed this Ufe 23rd September, 1854, 
aged 68 years.—' Well done, good and feithftil 
servant ; thou hast been feithfixl over a few 
things ; eater thou into the Joy of thy Lord.'— 
Mat. XXV., 28. — ^'Aud if he shall come in the 
second watch, or come in the third watch, and 
find them so, blessed are those servants.'— Luke 
xll., 30." 

"In memory of Martha, the beloved wife of 
Thobcas Gut, late of this pariah, wheelwright, 
who died hi London, Deer. 26th, 1853, aged 27 
years— 'Those that sleep in Jesus will God 
bring with him.'" 

** In memory of Robert Adams, who departed this 
Ufe the 12th of June, 1798, aged 72 years." 

" Here lieth the body of Martha Coloock, late of 
Isfleld, in ye county, who died ye 1st of Novem- 
ber, 1733, aged 82 years." 

" Sacred to the memory of Thomas Gut, late of this 
pariah, wheelwright, who departed this life 9th 
March, 1826, aged 69 years. Also of Mart, his 
wife, who died the 16 January, 1844, aged 84 
years. And of eight of their children —Richard, 
died 17th January, 1844, aged 42 years ; Phila- 
delphia, died 26 August, 1840, aged 56 years ; 
Fannt, drown'd 8th May, 1788, aged 2 years; 
Nathaniel, died 10th March, 1839, aged 50 
years; Thomas, died 21 August, 1824, aged 38 
years ; Elizabeth, died 26 July, 1825, aged 80 
years ; Rachazl, died 31st August, 1828, aged 
81 years ; Gaius, died 25 March, 1824, aged 23 
years." 

Att<»r ^omd.— Defeced. 

Altar Tomb. 

" Sacred to the memory of Anne, second wife of 
Edward Chauntler, of this parish, yeoman, who 
was buried April 18, 1751, aged 69 years. Also 
of Anne, relict of the Revd. John Chattibld, 
Rector of Balcombe, in this county, daughter of 
Edward and Anne Chauntler, who departed this 
life, Feby. 7th, 1787, aged 67 years." 

ffeadttones, 

" In memory of William Willabd, who died Deer. 
30th, 1792, aged 32 years." 

** In memory of Dinah Boniface, who departed 
this Ufe Augt 30, 1789, in the 21st year of her 
age." 

" In memory of John Brat, late of the parish of 
Hailsham, who departed this Ufe Deer. 9, 1814, 
aged 80 years." 

'< In memory of Thomas Brat, late of Chiddhigly, 
who departed this Ufe April the 25th, 1785, aged 
83 years.'* 



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INSCBIPTIONS IN CHIDDINGLY CHURCH-YAED. 



" In memoi7 of Richard Brat, who died liarch 
19th, 1808, aged 61 yean." 

'* Sacred to the memory of Elixabrh RosweUh 
wife of Charles RosweO, of Rodmill, and daughter 
of Samuel and Alice Holman, late of this parish, 
who died 17 May, 1814, aged 42 years. Also of 
Edward Holkan Roswell, son of Charles and 
Elizabeth Roswell, who died 14th November, 
1818, aged seventeen years." 

*' Sacred to the memory of Alios, wife of Thoxas 
Tooth, of Waldron ; she died Deer. 7th, 1786, in 
the 19th year of her age. And of Wlixiax 
Tooth, her son, and Wiixiam Holman, her 
brother, who died infants.** 

Ratli. 

** In memory of Sahurl Imcr Holican, late of the 
Friths Ihrm, in this parish, who departed this 
life the 29th March, 1825, aged S6 years. Like- 
wise of Alicr, his wife, who died on the 6th of 
June, 1817, aged 78 years. 

Two pilgrims sleep beneath thispeaceftil sod. 
Whose spirits rest in tbehr Redeemer, God ; 
Whose days were spent in harmony and love, 
In blias more pure prepared in realms above ; 
Till the last trump shall wake the slumbering dust 
To Join the resurrection of the just." 

** To ye memory of Mart, wife of Thox as Brat, of 
thu parish, who departed this life Agvst ye 10th, 
1744, in the 87 year of her age. 

A tender, mother of. five, small, children dear. 
And. left. them, young, to God's, protection hero. 
But. dry. vp. your, tears, and. weep. for. me. no 

more. 
I called, was. firom. you.ovt.ofL this, world, belbre. 

HeadsUmu, 
** Here lieth the body of John Tdrrbr, late of this 
parish, who died 26th July, 1768, aged 68 years.* 

AUarTmJbi, 

** Hre lieth the body of Richard Turmxr, late of 
this pariah, Gent., who died 20th January, 1787, 
aged 72 years " 

"Richard Andrrw Tcrnrr, late of Lewes, Esquire, 
who died 24th Sepr., 1881, aged 7ft years.*' 

** Underneath this stone lieth ye Body of John 
TcRNBR,who died the 28th June, 1748, aged 67 
years. And also the body of Mart Titrxer, the 
wife of John Turner, who died the Iftth January, 
17-9, aged 76 years " 

Headttonu. 

"In memory of Rorbrt Turnsb, of this parish, 
who departed this life November ftth, 1777, aged 
67 years." 

** To the memory of Francis Hicks, late of this 
parish, who died the 8th of March, 1765, aged 68 
years. Also of Frances, bis wife, who died the 
2 1 St March, 1774, aged 78 years. Had issue by 
Frances, his wife, one son and three daughters, 
viz. , Frances, Elisabeth, John, and Mary. John, 
died ye — of Sepr., 1764, aged 25 years, and Is 
buried near this place; Mart, died ye 17th 
Jany., 1765, aged 28 years, and is buried near 
this place." 

"In memory of Prtbr Pslling, who died Feby. 
1 9th, 1 80'i, aged 74 years. Also of Frances, the 
wife of the said Peter PeUlng, who died May ftth, 
1807, aged 71 years." 



" Sacred to the memory of Elisa Got WImvoh, 
late of Highlands, in this parish, who departed 
this life the v9th day of November, in the niae- 
teenth year of her age." 

"Sacred to the memory of Euzabbth Wbros, 
late of Nash Street, who departed this life, tbe 
14th day of April, anno dom. 1886, aged 47 
years. 

How fleeting is our life ; alas, how fk-aO ; 

Afflictions seize, and soon our Joys are fled. 
Passing away Just like a transient tale. 

We launch into the regions of the dead. 
But thou Shalt view the Saviour's smiling fbce. 
Who sent a reftige in liis pardoning grace." 

** In memory of William Gut, yeoman, late of 
Highlands Farm, in this parish, who departed 
this life on the ftth day of November, kdoocxlii., 
aged 72 years. Also of Ann, his wifie, died iffOi 
of June, 1852, aged 82 years." 

'* A gratefhl tribute of filial affection to the me- 
mory of John Turner, late retddent of this 
parish, who departed this life the 1 0th day of 
April, A.D. 1792, aged 81 years. Also of Sarah, 
relict of the aforesaid John Turner, and after- 
wards the wife of Thoxas Mbrrickb, of Uckfleld; 
she died the ISth day of November, 1832, aged 
77 years." 

Tomb. 

" Sacred to the memory of Gboror, son of Jaxbb 
and Ann Noakes, of this village, who died this 
1st of January, mdoccl., aged 2 years and 8 
months. ' Is it well with the chfld ? And she said 
it is weU.'- 2 Khigs iv., 20. 

Poor littie babe, thy spirit's fled, 

Thy tender frame lies here. 
And o'er thy lov*d remains we shed 

The bitter, bitter tear. 
But fUth within thy Saviour's arms. 

Views thee removed from pain. 
And fidth the sting of death disarms. 

And says we'll meet again. 
When we, through Christ, shall he like tiiee, 
Heirs of a blest eternity.** 

HeadatoMM, 

** Sacred to the memory of John Gut, late of tfats 
parish . who departed this life 39th Jannair, 18», 
aged 68 years. Also Euzarbth, bis wife, who 
died May 25th, 1787, aged 81 years." 

** Sacred to the memory of Mart, wife of OmoROR 
Gut, and eldest daughter of Thomas and Mary 
Guy, of Chiddingly place, who died 25 November, 
1842, aged 41 years. Also of David, thdr son, 
who died the 19th July, 1842, aged 1 year. And 
of the above named George Got, who died 26 
May, 1858, aged 56 years." 

" Sacred to the memory of Gsorob Gut, no of 
Thomas and Mary Guy, of Chiddingly Place, who 
endured a Icmg and severe affliction with exem- 
plary patience and resignation, and departed this 
Ufe, 4th March, 1881, aged 14 tears.—* Many are 
the afflictions of the righteous, but out of than 
aU the Lord dellvereth him.*" 

Tomb. 

"Sacred to the memory of Thomas Gut, of the 
Place, m this parish, who died Feby. 26, 1855, in 
the 90th year of Ills age Also Mart, his wife, 
who died Deer. 26, 1850, aged 72 years,— 'I wiU 



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255 



ranflom them from the power of the grave ; I will 
redeem them from death.'— Hos. zUL H. 

In age and feebleness ez-treme, 
Who shall a sinftil worm redeem ? 
Jeans, onr only hope thou art, 
Strength of the fUUng flesh and heart ! 
O, let OS catch one smile from thee. 
And drop hito eternity." 



East Sidb. 

" Sacred to the memory of WauLiAX Elthick, of 
ChUtlngton, and formerly of Chiddingly, who de- 
parted this life on the 6th day of October, 
ICDOOCXLU., in his 78rd year. 

A tender brother, feithftil friend. 
And a kind neighbour to the end." 

** Sacred to the memory of Richabd Sopbk, who 
departed this life on the 23rd day of July, 18:^8, 
in the 99th year of his age. Also of Jank Soper, 
his wife, who died on the 27th day of March, 
1848, aged 9ft years. This Tenerahle couple re- 
aided at Nash Street, in this parish, who by per- 
severing industry reared a numerous flunily, and 
were a pattern of conjugal happiness for the long 
period of seventy years." 

" Sacred to the memory of CHARLom, daughter 
of JoHM Clivford Rcsbbli., and Jamb, his wife, 
of this village, bom July ftth, 1817 ; died March 
9th, 1838. 

' We all do fede as a leaf,' 
* Sweetly decked with pearly dew 
The morning rose may blow ; 
But ere 'tis noon, the chilling blast 
May lay its beauties low.' 
Also of Harribt, their eldest daughter, bom 
Novr. 7, 1812 ; obt. May 13th, 1843." 

" Sacred to the memory of John Clippord Ros- 
SBLL, for many years boot and shoe maker, of 
this village, who departed this life, 27th Sep- 
tember, bcdoocl., aged 59 years . * The memory 
of the Just is blessed.' Also of Jane, his wife 
who died 29th of January, 1854, aged 78 years." 

Baili, 

•* In memory of Thox as Woodoatb, who departed 
this life on the 16th day of June, 1861, aged 78 
years. * We bring our years to an end as a tale 
that is told.'— xc/P., 19." 

**To the memory of WiujAic Thorpb, the son of 
WiUiam and Mary Thorpe, of this parish, who 
died suddenly on the 23rd ot August, a.d. 1881, 
aged 9 years and 8 months." 

Headttones. 

** To the memory of Mart Woodoatb, who de- 
parted this life, Jany. 27th, 1828, aged 53 years." 

** To the memory of Thomas Hicks, who died May 
10th, 1774, aged 68 years. Also of Mart, his 
wife, who died October 9th, 1770, aged 58 years. 
Likewise of Hannah, their daughter (wife of 
Hbmrt Ck>i.BQATB), departed this life Octr. 21st, 
1769, aged 31 years. Also of four of their chil- 
dren, who died in their infency." 

Altar Tomb9, 

" Sacred to the memory of Mb. Richard Hicks, 
who died 17th of April, 1837, In the 93 year of 



his age. Also to the memorv of Mrs. Maht 
Hicks, wife of Mr. Richard Hicks, who died 28th 
Jane, 1796, aged 39 years." 

" Sacred to the memory of Francbs Hicks, daugh- 
ter of Richard and Mary Hicks, late of Hilders 
ferm, hi this parish, who dted 21st July, 1841, 
aged 48 years. Also Mart Ann, their daughter, 
who died 10th January, 1842, aged 52 years." 

" Sacred to the memory of James Hioks, Esq., of 
HUders ferm, in this parish, who departed this 
life February 1st, 1850, aged 64 years." 

Tomb. 

** Here lieth intered ye body of Henbt Hajoiond, 
late of Hellhigly, who departed this life ve 10th 
day of May, 1 715, aged 74 years. Here also lieth 
the body of Mart, wife of Henry Hammond, who 
departed tliis life the 24th day of December, 
]739,in the88rd year of her age." 

H9ai$tcm. 

" Sacred to the memory of Peter Paodbn, yeoman, 
who died May 10th, 1819, aged 66 ^ears. Also 
to the memory of Elizabeth, his wife, who died 
Deer. 27th, 1820, aged 66 years." 

Raik 

"In memory of Eueabbth, ye wife of Jaxib Pao- 
DBN; she died Ocr. ye 26th, 1763. ag. 47 yr. In 
memory of Jambs Paqden, who departed thia 
life Sepr. 26, 1764, ag. 63 yr." 

Tomb, 

**Here lieth faiterred the body of Thomas Inge, late 
of this parish, who departed this life March ye 
1st, 1745, aged 77 years. Here also lieth faiterred 
the body of ELizABrrH, the wife of Thomas Ince, 
who departed this life the 14th of February, 1756, 
aged 59 years." 

ffead*t<me. 

** To the memory of John Pamkhcbst, who died 
27th May, mi>oclzzi., aged 77 years. Also of 
Susannah, his wife, who died S^. 17th, 1752, 
aged 52 years." 

AUar Tomb. 

** Sacred to the memory of Ann, wife of Joseph 
WiLLARO OAte Ann Pagden), who died in child- 
bed, Jany. 14th, 1792. aged 43 years. Also fivo 
of their children, who died young, viz., 4 sons 
and one daughter. 

Blest be that hand divine, that gently laid 
My head at rest beneath this peaceftd shade ; 
Here rests from all the toilsome cares of life 
A tender mother and a virtuous wife, 
A sincere christian, and a fUthftil friend. 
While living, lov'd, lamented hi her end. 
Angels who saw her ripe for Joys to come, 
Convey'd, by God's command, their sister home ; 
Reader, thou too must die, therefore prepare 
To meet her with thy blest Redeemer therei" 

RailM. 

*' Sacred to the memory of Frances, daughter of 
Thomas and Caroline Parkes, of this parish, 
who fell asleep Sepr. 3rd, 1854, aged 18 years.— 
* Precious in the dght of the Lord is the death 
of his safaits.'— P. CKvi, 15." 



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256 



INSCRIPTIONS IN CHIDDINGLY CHURCH-YARD. 



"In memory of Rnn Out, daughter of Romrr 
and Jane Gut. who died 20th June, 1888, aged 
three years and four months. Also an infimt 
daughter, bom 14th Jany., died 17th Jany., 
1837.— 'He led them forth by the right way, 
that they might go to a city of habitation.' — 
P. evil. T." 

'* Sacred to the memory of Ellen, the wife of 
WtLUAM SmxH, who departed this life on the 
15th of January, 1868, aged 26 years." 

" In memory of Elizabeth, the wife of Thoicas 
Dbadman, who died on the 18th of July 18fil, 
aged 85 years.—' Take ye heed, watch and prav, 
for ye know not when the time Is.*— Mark xiu. 

• 88." 

Headslonss, 

" In memory of Emibio Gborob, the beloTod child 
of the Rbv James HsNBTand EiacAyii>AL,boni 
1st Deer., 1854, died 80th July. 1858.— 'And 
Jesus called a little child untohfan '—Matt xziii. 

2.— Also of an intuit brother ^^ | 2nd Norr., 

1858.-' Of such is the kingdom of heayen.'" 

** Sacred to the memory of John Warbubton, son 
of Mr. Vallancb I^lam, of Burghill. in this 
parisli, and Janb Mabia Disnbt, his wife, obt. 
Kovemljer 15th, mdooclxi., aged 10 months." 

KaiU. 

"In memory of Rxubbn and Mo«BS,8oni of Mb. 
Stbphbn and Eueabbth Smxtb, of this parish. 

gjj^j departed this life July {ijjl880 



'^m 



years.' 



** In memory of Mr. Stephbn SiciTa (l^te of this 
parish), who departed this life Novr. 8rd, 1845, 
aged 58 years. 
Why should we tremble to convey their bodies to 

the tomb, 
Where the dear flesh of Jesiu lay, and left a sweet 
perftame?" 

Also to the memory of Elisabbtb. wife of Stbprbr 
SmTH, who died on the 6th day of January, 
1849, aged 67 years. 

The graves of all his safaits he blest. 

And softened every bed ; 
Where should the dying members rest. 
But with their dying head?" 

"In memory of Ann, the wife of Thobcas Rbbd, 
who died the 8<>th of March, 1808, aged 46 years. 
— • The ktag's daughter is all glorious within, 
her clothmg is of wrought gold ; she shall 
be brought unto the king in raiment of nee- 
dlework.'— P. xlT. 18, 14." 

" In Memory of Josbph Milham, son of John and 
Sarah Milham, who died 25 day of May, 1884, 
aged five years. Also of James JiIilham, their 
son, who departed this life the 28 day of Novem- 
ber, 1884, aged three years. 

Here on a bed of dust we sleep. 

Cease then, fond parents, cease to weep. 

And undisturbed in peace we He, 

Our spirits live beyond the sky." 

Headstone*. 

" Sacred to the memory of Sarah, the beloved wife 
of Willum Uolman (late of the Gate-House 
Farm, in this parish), who died 80th Jannaiy, 



1856, aged 70 years. Also of the befare-omed 
William Holmam, who died 27th Jnlj, !•», 
aged 77 years." 

'* Sacred to the memory of Mb. John Barnbb, late 
of Brightoa, and of the Strood ferm in this parish, 
who cSed the 1 1th day of August, 1860, agod 77 
years.— < Rooted and built up in Christ, and e»- 
tablishod in the faith.'— CoL 3nd chap., 7th 



" In memory of John Babno, of the Strood term, 
in this parish, who died 28rd Sepr., 1818, a«ced 
75 years. Mart, the wife of the saki John Bamea, 
who died 8th July, 1819, aged 78 jean. Like- 
wise of Eluabbth, their daughter, who died lOth 
Sepr , 1794, aged 17 years." 

' Sacred to the memory of Mart, the dau|^ter of 
WiLUAM and Sarah Holman, of this parish, 
who died 10th December, 1822, aged 16 ycmn. 
Also of Charlottb, their daughter, who died 17 
Octr., 1848, aged 88 years. Also of Wiujam, 
their son, who died 11th May, 1844, ased 21 
yean." 

Tomb. 

** Sacred to the memory of Mb. Waltbr Fumnxll, 
of tlie Park ferm. In this parish, who departed 
this life on the 27th day of March, 1864, aged 57 
years. 

Happy those in Jesus deeping. 

O'er whose dust a watch hels keeping. 

All their tolls and tears are o'er; 
When he comes reveal'd firom heaven. 
Crowns will then to them be given. 
They shall reign for evermore. 
* Precious in the sight of the Lord is the death of 
his sahits.'— PsI. cxvL 15." 

Eead^ones, 

** In memory of John Funnell, of the Park fkrm, 
hi this parish, who departed this life 11th May, 
1821, aged 68 years. Alsoof Euzabbtr, his wife, 
who died 7th November, 1846, aged 89 years." 

** EowiN, son of Jambs and Sabab Fuknbll, died 
10th October, 1818, aged 5 weeks. Ehxa, their 
daughter, died 22nd March, 1819, aged 2 yean.'* 

** Sacred to the memory of Samubl Sooom Fcvmbu 
(of Stone Hill), son of John and Elizabeth Fnn- 
nell, of the Park Ikrm, who departed this Ufe, in 
a believing hope of a better resurrection, Feby. 
22nd, 1857, hi the 72nd year of his age. Also 
Janb, his first wife, who died March J 2th, 1882, 
aged 49 years. And of one of their daughten 
Mabtba Leiqh, died July llth, 1847, aged 94 
yean.— 'Bless the Lord, O, my soul, and foiget 
not all his. benefits: Who redoemcth thy nfe 
fhmi destruction; who crown eth thee with loving 
kindness and tender mercies.* 
What sinners value I resign. 
Lord, 'tis enough that thou art mine, 
I shall behold thy bllssfhl Utce, 
And stand complete in righteousness." 

South Siob. 

Headttones. 

" Sacred to the memory of Ann, the wife of John 

OiBBs (of Lamberhunt), and daughter of Fd- 

ward and Elizabeth Lashmar, late of this parish, 

who died June 27th, 1805, aged 62 yean." 

Take, Sacred Earth, all that my soul holds dear, 
till ye Archangel's trump shall sound firom Hea- 
ven to Earth adtt wake the dead to life, to meet 
their Saviour and their Judge." 



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257 



« In memory of Johk Gubs, late of Lamberhurst, 
Suaaex, vho departed this life, February the 6th, 
1828, ag«d 8'i yean.— * In such an hoar as ye 
think not-.' 

Snatch'd finom the world and all its anxiooa cares, 

Happy they whom a well-spent life prepares. 

Life prolong'd beyond the osoal span, 

Revolv'd in death repose to busy man ; 

Just deeds commend, aolidtude shall cease. 

Inspiring hope, sweet harbinger of peace." 

" Here lyeth ye body of Thos. Wood, who departed 
this Ufe March the 21st .- 

*' In memory of Richard Hour an, who departed 
this life December the 24th, 1790, aged S3 years. 
IVe search'd my heart, and And my sin so great, 
I sink, 0, Lord, beneath theh: gloomy weight ; 
O, gracious Saviour, fer a sinner plead, 
Ky pardon's sure if thou but intercede. 

Also of Saxuex., his son, who died June 19th, 
1786, aged 2 years. And of Mary, his wife, who 
died March 27th, 1829, aged 76 years." 

" Here Heth ye body of Robbkt Holm an, who died 
the 16th of July, 1734, aged 26 years." 

<<Thememory of WiLUAK Pnnc, died 11th July, 
1776, aged 78 years. Also of Ann, wife of Wil- 
liam Pink, who died Jany. 27th. 1767, aged 64 
years." 

Tombs, 

** Here Ueth the body of John Wiulard. eldest son 
of Thomas WiUard, late of Whitesmith, within 
this parish; hee departed this life the fowrth day 
of October, 1680, ntatis sua 48." 

** Here lieth the body of John Miller, of Byrghill, 
in this parish, eldest son of Richard Miller, and 
Elizabeth his wife, who departed this life June 
27th, in the 66 yeare of his age. Anno Domi 
17U0. And also vnder this next a^olning stone 
lie interred the body of the aforesaid Richard 
and Elizabeth." 

AUar Tomb, 

" Here resteth the body of Richard, the second son 
of Henrt and Martha Miller, of Burghill, who 
departed this lifp. the 14th day of September, 
1731, in the IKth year of his m. Near this 
place also resteth the body of Mrs. Philadel- 
phia Miller, second wife of Henry Miller, Gent., 
of this parish, who departed this life, Jany. 8 , 
1733, aged 60 years. Here also resteth the body 
of Henrt Miller, late of Burghill, in the parish 
of Chiddingly, Gent., who departed this life the 
— day of February, 1788, in the 66 year of his 
age. Here resteth the body of Martha, wife of 
Henrt Miller, of Burghill, in this parish. Gent., 
who departed this life Jany. ye 2l8t, 1723-4, in 
the 43 year of her age. 

A feithfhl friend, a mother dear, 
A loving wife doth now rest here. 
Though by her death we loss sustain, 
—Christ has made our loss her gain." 

Broken 8lab», 

"Here lieth the body of Henrt, son of Henrt 
Miller, of this parish, Gent., who died Deer, 
aged 8 months." 

** Here lieth the body of John, son of Henrt and 
Martha Miller, of Burghill, who departed this 
life 19th April, 1718, aged 18 weeks/^ 

XIV. 



** Here lieth the body of Martha Millsr, who de- 
parted this Ufe, 18th May, 1718, in ye year of 
her age." 

** Here lieth the body of Eluabbth Miller, de- 
parted this life ye 6th April, 1711, aged 7 weeks.' 

Headstones, 

** * The memory of the Just is blessed.* 
** TUs stone is erected as a tribute of esteem to the 
memory of Sophia, daughter of John and Sophia 
SiioioNs, who departed this life October 86th, 
1866, aged 46 years." 

'* In memory of Mart, the wife of Thox as Fun- 
NELL, of the Park, in this pariah, who died April 
18th, 1766, aged 38 years. Also of Sarah, his 
second wife, who died Augt. 17th, 1790, aged 61 
years. Also of Mart, his third wife, who died 
Norr. 28th, 1794, aged 49 years. Likewise of 
Mart, daughter of the said Thomas and Mary, 
his first wife, who died in her infency. And of 
Frances and Mart, daughters, by Sarah, his 
second wife, who also died in their infimcy. And 
also of the said Thokas Funnbll, who died the 
24th March, 1798, aged 79 years." 

Rails, 

** In memory of Thomas Quaifb, late of Nether- 
fleld Toll ferm, Battle, Sussex, who died 6th 
August, 1837, aged 70 years.—* Man gireth up 
the ghost, and where is he.' — Job xiv. 10.— Also 
of Mart, the wife of Thomas Quaife, who de- 
parted this life suddenly on the 8th January, 
1836, aged 70 years.-* Watch, therefore, for ye 
know not what hour your Lord doth come.'~ 
Matt. xxiv. 42." 

** Also of Sarah, the wife of William Renvell, who 
died on aged 81 years." (Other slda 

defaced.) 

Headstones, 

" In memory of Mr. James Collins, late of this 
parish, who departed this life on the 6th Sep- 
tember, A.D. 1846, aged 77 years. Also of Mart, 
his wife, who died the 21st August, 1867, aged 
86 years." 

" Sacred to the memory of Sarah Collins, daugh- 
ter of James and Mary Collins, who departed 
this life on the 16th August, 1824, aged 22 years. 

No more can worldly sorrow and distress. 
Drop low thy spirit, or thy heart oppress, 
Escap'd, we trust, to realms of endless peace. 
Thy deep afflictions shall for ever cease ; 
And in tuat day when the last trump shall sound. 
In Mercy's list may thy dear name be found." 

** In memory of Matthew Barnabas Collins, who 
died 2(ith May, 1880, sged 19 yean. 

By grace divine he learnt redemption's plan. 
And Justified the ways of God to man ; 
Calmly endured afflictions sharp and long, 
Rf^iced in hope, and Jesus was his song ; 
Till to his God his spirit wing'd its flight. 
Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right? 

Also of Edgar BECKwrra, son of John and 
Ladiuna Collins, bom hi Edinburgh, April 4th, 
died Sepr. 17th, 1826, aged 6 months." 

** Sacred to the memorv of Stephen Collins, son of 
James and Mary Collins, who departed this life 
on the 16th November, 1860, aged 46 yeara. 

2k 



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mSCEIPTIONS IN CHIDDINGLT CHURCH-YABD. 



Left snrvWliig s widow and one Mm. After en- 
dnrlnff s long affliction with patience and Ibrti- 
tnde, he resigned his spirit to God who gftve it.* 

" Sacred to the memory of Wv . JonmoN Drat, 
who departed this Ufs January 8th, 1881, aged 
84 years. 
Sickness approached with all its gloomy pain. 
And skllftU art was exercised in rain, 
No nuntal aid my drooping life oonld save, 
Bat HeaTen*B decree consigned me to the graTO.* 

** In memory of Abigail Gut, thewiibof JohnChiy 
(of MlUhonse, hi this parish), who departed this 
liH) the 13th day of Jxme, 1868, aged 71 Tears-^- 
* And deliver them who through Caar of death, 
were all their lifetime snl^ect to bondage.*— 
Heb.il. 15." 

Mural Tableti^Sast End tf ChanetL 

*'Near this place rest the remains of Whxiax 
LAsmcAB, and Saoah, his first wife; she died 
March 31st, 1797, aged 40 years; he August, 
11th, 1838, aged 74 years. He left surviving, 
Frances, his second wife, six daughters and two 
sons (see monument oppoeite). Frances, his 
second wife, abovesaid, diod July 8th, 1886, aged 
69 years. Framcbs, theh: youngest daughter, 
died Octr. 84th, 1887, aged 86 years. HARRiorr, 
4th daughter of William and Sarah Lashmar, 
died at Croydon, in Surrey, June 88th, 1841, and 
waa taiterred there, aged 67 years. Wiluam 



Babtboloicbw, their eldest son, died also at 
(Sroydon, April 18th, 1844, and waa taiterred 
there, aged 56 years.— ' Blessed are the merci- 
ftal, for they shall obtain mercy.*— H. v. 7. — 
* Our rest Is m the grave.' " 

* Near this place are taiterred Edward Lasbkab, 
long resident in this parish, who died 87th March 
1785, aged 78 years. Eurra., his wife, died 
10th Augt. 1780, ag. 67 years. They bad 
issue one daughter and three sons, Ann, Edward, 
Winiam, and John. Edward diedtai his taifeney, 
in 1746. AXN (wife of Johv Gibbs), died 27fh 
June, 1 805, ag. 63. Sarah, wife of Wiujc., died 
81st March, 1797, ag. 40. Wnim. and Sarah 
Lashmar had issue nine daughters and three sons, 
namely, Ann-Inocent, Elii, Sarah, Harriott, 
Jane, Sophia, Fhiilis, Mary-Newman, Amelia, 
Willm.-Bartholw, Mortimer, and Henry. 
Sarah, 8rd daughr, died 19th Feby.,1783, ag. 16 
weeks. Mt. Nbwmab, 8th dtr., died 81 Augt., 
1 791 , ag. 10 months. Jabx, 5th daughr, died 28 
Fehy., 1795, ag. 10 years. Ainf-lNKocBNT, eldst . 
daughr (wife of Rosk Hbrbino), died 30th April, 
1806, ag. 37 years. (Jane, their daughr, died 
a7th July, 1806, ag. 8 years.) Mortogbr, 8nd 
son, died 15th Sepr., 1835, ag. 82 years. Wiltan. 
and Frances had Issue two sons, Richd.-Edwd. 
and Francis-John, and one daughter, FTancea. 
Franod John died in his inflancy, in 1799. 
Richard-Edward, died 89th June, 1836, aged 
86 yean.* 



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INSCRIPTIONS IN ICKLESHAM CHURCH, 1862. 



T&AKSCBIBED BT 0. SLADB BUTLEB, Esq,, F.S.A. 



Mural yLosvw&^n»^Inthe Ckcmeel, 

"Sacred to the memory of Thomas 
OooPEB, late of New Place, gent, 
whose remains are deposited in a vault 
in this Chancel. After a lingering 111- 
nes8« borne with Christian resignation, 
he died 9th April, 1807, aged 64 years. 
Also of Maby^Mb wife, who departed 
this life 19th Janry., 1824, aged 62 
years. Likewise of Ann Collins 
(sister of the above Mary Cooper), who 
departed this life 3(Mih April, 1836, 
aged 72 years.*' 

" In memory of Thomas Lewis, eldest 
son of WiLLM. and Martha Cooper, 
and grandson of Mr. Thomas Cooper, 
who departed this life 4th Feby., 1824, 
aged 7 years. Also of Robert Coubt, 
third son of Mr. Thomas Coopeb, who 
departed this life 24th Novr., 1824, 
aged 31 years." 

North of the Nave, 

" Sacred to the memory of the Rev. 
Thomas Richards, for nearly twenty- 
seven years Vicar of Icklesham, who 
died on the 6th of December, 1843, 
aged 63 years, leaving a widow, two 
daughters and seven sons to deplore 
their irreparable loss. * Take ye heed, 
watch, and pray, for ye know not when 
the time is.* — Markxiii. 33. Also of 
Elizabeth Rachel Maurice, the be- 
loved wife of Henry S. Stobart. 
EsQRE., and younger daughter of the 
above Rev. Thomas Richards and Anne, 
his wife ; she died deeply lamented at 
Witton Tower, co. Durham, on the 4th 
of April, 1 866, aged 24 years, ten days 
after the birth of her son. — * When the 
chief shepherd shall appear, ye shall 
receive a crown of Glory that fadeth 
not away.* — 1 Peter v. 4.** 

In Sorah Aisle qftlte Chancel. 

<'In the vault beneath this marble are 
deposited the remains of Arnold 



Nesbett, Esqb., late an eminent mer- 
chant in London. Lord of the Manor 
of Icklesham, and Member in several 
Parliaments for the Ancient Town of 
Winchelsea ; who died the 7th April, 
1779, aged 67 years.** 

[The altar tomb, of Sussex marble^ 
without inscription, but ascribed by Hors- 
fleld to Henry Finch, benefactor to St. 
Nicholas* chapel, 1493, was wholly re« 
moved during the ** restorations" ? made 
in 1847.] 



Slabs in the Chanoel 

"Revd. Thomas Richards, died 6th 
December, 1843, aged 63 years.** 

*^Here lieth the body of Eatheeine, 
the wife of Mr. Edward Odiarne, 
who died July the 21st, 1740, aged 33 
years. Likewise a daughter stillborn, 
6 days before she died. And also 
Thomas, ye son of Mr. Edward Odi- 
arne and Katherine, his wife, who died 
the 4th of February following, aged 2 
years and 6 months. Here also lieth 
the body of Edward Odiarne, who 
departed this life 4pril 21, 1767, sdt. 
64.'* 

"T. a, 

1807.** 

In the North Aisle qf Chanoel, 

"Within this vault lieth ye Body of 
Mart, ye daughter of James and 
Elizabeth Beal, of this parish, she 
died ye eleventh of April, 1769, aged 6 
years. Also the remains of James 
Beal (yeoman), he died the 7th day 
of December, 1767, aged 63 years. 
And also the remains of Elizabeth, 
his wife, she departed this life July 
3rd, 1802, aged 86 years. And also of 
Ann, daughter of the aforesaid James 
and Elizabeth Beal, who departed this 
life Deer. 1st, 1821, aged 67 years.** 

2 K 2 



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INSCRIPTIONS IN THE CHURCH-YARD— HEADSTONES. 



Noani or tei CBumm. 

** In memory of Wiluax CkMrai, Gent, one of ye 
■ona of Mr. Thos. Cooper, of this parish by Eliza- 
beth, his wife, who was one of the daoghters of 
Mr. Adrian 3pray,of Westfleld. He departed this 
life May ye 4th, 1768, »eeA 70 years. 

" Also Mabt, bis wife, who was one of the daugh- 
ters of Mr. Thos. Weeks, of Ewhnrst, she de- 
parted this life Jamy. ye 4th, 1781, aged 81 
years, leaVing issue one son, William. 

** Also to the memory of the last-named Wcluax 
GoopsR, he departed this life Janry. ye Snd, 
1787, aged 62 years.** 

** To the memory of Hawn ah, the wife of John 
BATM,ofthis parish, who died July 81, 1883, 
aged W yean. Also near this spot lay the re- 
mains of three of thehr children, Harriot, Cklia, 
and GHRnroPHBs. * Blessed are the dead which 
die in the Lord, for they rest from their labour.' 
— Rev.xir.yer. 18.* 

'* To the memory of John Batu, of this parish, 
who died March 81, 1848, aged 8fi years, left 
sorviTli^; one son and two daughters. What he 
was, the Judgment day will best make known. 
Reader, what arttbou ?" 

'* In memory of Thoxas Colboatb, who departed 
this life Dec. 2«)th, 1807, aged 84 years. Also 
Eluauktb, wife of the above Thomas Golegate, 
who departed this Ufe June 8th, 1794, aged 74 
years." 

" In memory of Sahitkl Batbb; he died Janry, 16th, 
1772, aged 44 years." 

" * Cast me not away in the time of age.*— Psalm 
71st. Terse 8th. * Forsake me not when my 
streoigth feileth me.'— Sacred to the memory of 
Jacob Garst, upwards of fifty years a resident 
of this parish, who died 7th January, 1869, aged 
76 years.*' 

" Sacred to the memory of LomsA, daughter of 
Jaoob and Elisabeth Caret, who died February 
Snd, 1818, aged 1 year and 6 months. Also of 
Ellen Aiinb, daughter of James and Euea 
Caret, andgranddaughter of the aboTe-named 
Jacob and Enzabeth cwey, who died February 
8tb, 1868, aged 10 months. 

Tlie SaTlonr, chastening those he loTes, 

His Angels bright did send, 
To take wese little harmless doTes 

To Joys that never end. 
A few short days they felt at most, 

A mother's tender Ioto, 
But now they have Joined the elorious host. 

That dweU in heaven above." 

** In memory of Mart Chaxpnt, who died March 
4th, 1782, aged 66 years.** 

** In memory of Elixabeth, daughter of John and 
Mart Cbamfnt, who died October 23rd, 1776, 
aged nine years and nine montlis." 

** In memory of John Cbamtant, who died Jan- 
uary 26th, 1784, aged 68 years." 



*'In memory of William Ghampant, who died 
January, 1768, aged 62 years." 

*' Sacred to the memory of ICart Bixmbtbd, who 
died June 21st, 1810, aged 66 years. Also Ed- 
ward BUMSTED, husband of the above, who died 
Octr. 21st, 1809, aged 41 years. Likewise Joaac 
Austen, who died— "(rest obliterated). 

** Sacred to the memory of William Babden, who 
died Janry. 27th, 1860, aged 80 years. Also at 
Sarah, his wife, died October 26th, 1860, aged 
84 years." 

*' Sacred to the memory of — Martha, wife of 
Edward Apps, late of this pariah, who departed 
this life the 26th August, 1808, aged 64 yeara." 

** Sacred to the memory of Gborob, son of JoHir 
and Ann Simmons, who died August 12th, 1856, 
aged 20 years. Also four of their children, 
three of whom, viz., Anne, Henrt, and Charlbb, 
died in their infency. Delia, bora June 12th, 
1842, died April the 4th, 1848. * In thy presence 
is ftilness of Joy.'— Fsal. zvi. xi. ver." 

** Sacred to the memory of William (who was the 
only surviving) son of William and Sarah 
Blaceman, late of this pariah; he died Deer. 3rd, 
1830, aged 61 years." 

** Sacred to the memory of William BLAcncAir 
(late of this parish), who died 2nd of November, 
1818, aged 72 years. Also Sarah, his wife, 
who died 8rd of August, 1807, aged 66 veara. 
Likewise John, thehr son, who died 80th of Jan- 
uary, 1788, aged 18 years. And Luct, their 
daughter, who died 16 April, 1784, aged 1 year 
and 10 months." 

" Sacred to the memory of Loct Blaceman, the 
wife of Hbnrt Oactoen, of Ore, who died Janry. 
7th, 1860, aged 48 years, daughter of John and 
Sarah Simmons, and granddaughter of Williara 
and Sarah Blackman." 

" Sacred to the mranory of Sfencer James, son of 
RicHD. and Orpah Iggdldsn, born 27th July, 
1886, died 17th July, 1846. *I love them that 
loveme, and they that seek me early shall find 
me.'— Prov. viii. 17. Also Stephen, son of the 
above, born 10th August, 1882, died 9th Octo- 
ber." 

" Sacred to the memory of Richard Iooctlden, IxntL 
October 18th, 1806, died January 21st, 186L** 

" William (^ke, departed this life 1 March, 1 818, 
aged 76 vearB. Sarah, relict of the above Wil- 
liam Cloke, died 22 January, 1861, aged 76 years. 
' If we be dead with dirist, we shall also live 
with him.*— Tbn. 11 chap. 11 verse. Mart Ann, 
the beloved wife of William Breeds, and daugh- 
ter of the above William and Sarah Cloke, died 
May 24th, 1 866, aged 67 years. < Trust ye in the 
Lord for ever, for in the Lord Jehovah is ever- 
lasting strength." 

*' Sacred to the memory of Fannt Groombridoe 
the wife of James Parsons, who departed this 
life November 16th, 1846, aged 26 years. Though 



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INSCBIPTIONS IN ICKLESHAM CHDBCH-TARD. 



261 



short her snmmons, and hi the prime of liiiB, yet 
she murmured not at God's command ; but with 
pious reaiffnation gare'her soul into ihe hands 
of her Maker, fhU of hope through the merits of 
our blessed Redeemer." 

East of ths Church, 

* ' Sacred to the memory of Eluabeth Howabd (a 
widow), who died the 6th day of December, 1888, 
aged 82 years. Also of John Bealk, her first 
husband, who died the 16th day of Bfarch, 1791, 
aged 40 years. Also of Thohas Howard, her 
second husband, buried at Brede." 

"In memory of James Bbals, son of John and 
Elizth. Beale, who died April 3rd, 1807, aged 15 
years "—{a yerse illegible). 

** In memory of John Bealk, who died March 10th, 
1791, aged 40 years, leaving a wifb and nine 
children." 

" Sacred to the memory of Thomas Padohax, who 
died 18th August, 1886, aged 76 years Also of 
Eluabbth, his wife, who died 1 9th December, 
18)6, aged 64 years. Likewise of Eleanor 
Martin, their daughter, and wife of John L. 
Martin, who died 17th November, 1885, aged 83 
years. And of their son William Padoham, 
who died 18th August, 1818, aged 38 years." 

** Sacred to the memory of If aria, the wifs of 
Charles Cooper Fowls, who died June 1 8th, 
1856, aged 33 years. Also to the memory of 
Anne, their inflmt child." 

" Sacred to the memory of Edwin Eastoit, who 
died July 30th, 1854, aged 89 years. 

Lov'd ones are gone 
Whose pilgrim days are gone ; 
I soon shall greet them on that shore. 
Where paztiiigs are unknown." 

** Beneath this stone are deposited the remains of 
Stephen Jbwhurst, who died the second of May , 
1808, aged iifty-finir years. Also his sister 
Elmabeth Pat, who died November 34th, 1826, 
aged 91 yeiu^." 



**In the front: of this 
stone are interred the 
remains of Hemrt 
Stonsstbxet, young- 
est son of John and 
Mary Stonestreet, who 
departed this life 8th 
Octr., 1798, an hifent 

<* Also Samuel Poile, 
eldest brother of Mary 
Stonestreet, who de- 
pM-ted this life 14th 
Septr., 1806, aged 53 
years. 

<*A]ao WnxiAM Stone- 
street, third son of 
John and Mary Stone- 
street, who departed 
this life 24th March, 
1810, aged 22 years. 



** Also Euxh. Stone- 
street, youngest 
daughter of John and 
Mary Stonestreet, who 
departed this life 14th 
Feb., 1813, aged 17 
years. 

"Also John Stone- 
street, eldest son of 
John and Maxy Stone- 
street, who departed 
this life 3Ist March, 
1815, aged 83 years. 

«• Also Mart Stone- 
street, wife of John 
Stonestreet, who de- 
parted this life 19th 
April. 1826, aged 64 
years. 

'* And of the above John 
STON'B8TREEr,who died 
Dec. 26, 1883, aged 80 
years." 



South of the Chubch. 

Tomb ibUMh Iron Bailing. 

'* Sacred to the memory of Wouam, son of John 
and Sarah Harman, who died 32nd Septr., 1824, 
aged 49 years. Also Frances, wife of Wiluam 
Harman, who died July 28th, 1857, aged 70 
years. Also Frances, daughter of John and 
Sarah Harman, who died April 24th, 1860, aged 
74 years."— JPoft Side.-** In memory of John 
Harman, son of John and Sarah Winton, who 
died July II th, 1840, aged 9 years."— Wut Side. 
—** In memory of the three children of William 
and Frances Harman:— Thomas, died Oct. 37, 
1833, aged five days. Francbi, died July 14, 
1829, aged 10 years. William, died Oct. 30, 
1 887, aged 19 years "-i^or<A Side. -" Sacred to 
the memory of Sarah, wife of John Harman, 
who died 23nd September, 1818, aged 78 years." 
—South Side.—** Sacred to the memory of John 
Harman, who died 17th December, 1833, aged 
80 years." 

** Sacred to the memory of Jambs Habmam Fibld, 
who died 18th of August, 1888. 

Short was his life. 

Longer will be his rest, 
Christ call'd him home. 

Because he thought best ; 
For he was bom to die. 

To lay his body down. 
And young he did fly, 

Unto the world unknown." 

In Old Englieh,—** Mart Jane, wife of Jobh Aus- 
tin, died xiz. July, mdccclvi., aged zzzni. 
Also Elizabeth, wife of John Austin, died xzi 
June, MDcocLix." 

Stone illegible. 

"In memory of Sarah Wheeler, for 80 years a 
feithftil servant in the same Ikmily, who, after 10 
yean' service at the Vicarage, died Janiy. 80th, 
1855, aged 47. She served not with high ser- 
vice, but fidthftally, as a servant of Christ. Jesus 
said, ' Be thou feithfhl unto death, and I wiU 
give thee a crown of life.'— Rev. 3Dd, 10 ver. 

Jesus can make a dying bed 

Feel soft as downy pillows are. 
While on his breast I lay my head, 

And breathe my life out sweetly there. 

I look for the resurrection of the dead, and the 
life of the world to come. Amen." 

" ' He was a ihithfhl man, and feared God above 
many.' Neh. 7— 3.— Sacred to the memory of 
John Peircb, who served felthftilly the oflElce of 
Parish Clerk for 47 years, he departed this life 
Dec. 17th, 1861, aged 76." 

" In memory of Mart, daughter of— 'Vest illegible. 

Also three other stones, the inscriptions on which 
are wholly illegible. 

" Memento mori. Here lies the body of Mart, wife 
of Mr. Thos. Barnslet, of Winchelsea, he died 
May ye 29th, 1746, aged years." 

" Here are depodted the remains of Thos. Barks- 
ley, of Winchelsea, gent., descended from an 
ancient fiunlly at Bamsley Hall, in Worcester- 
shire; he died the 28th day of January, 17G0, 
aged 68 years." 



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262 



INSCRIPTIONS IN ICKLESIIAM CHURCH-YABD. 



« Sacred to the 
this pariah), who 
yean." 



of Lwni ABS TOWMSR (of 
10th 1I«7, 1849, aged 67 



** Sacred to the memory of Elisabbth, daughter of 
Lhonakd and Mart Towkkb, who died August 
10th, 1864, aged 36 years. 

Dear suffering sister, gone hefbre ; 

Thy pardoned soul, we trust, is flown. 
Where Christ, thy i^aviour, evermore 
Lives, and still loves thee as his own. 
' Jesus said onto her, ** I am the Resurrection and 
the Llib."'- St John zl. xxz." 

''In memory of WnxiAic, son of Leohard and 
Hart Townkm (of this parish), who died on the 
28th of April, 1823, aged 17 years. 
<Hy youths prepare I for mark how soon. 
Life's spark is fled, its race is run, 
Its Jo]rs, its sorrows all are gone ; 
The morning flower oft fiutos ere noon. 

Also of Charlbs, thefar son, who died Deoemher 

7th, 1882, aged 16 years. 
Oh ! who shall he the shiner's stay. 
When heaven and earth shall pass away ? 
Oh, on that dread that awfU day. 
When man to Judgment wakes fhim day, 
Then (Christ alone must be his stay." 

" Sacred to the memory of Richard (Trassikqham 
(of this parish), who died 26 April, 1847, aged 88 

Syun. Also of Martha, his wife, who died 4 
ovember, 1809, aged 68 years." 

" Sacred to the memory of Jaitss Knio (the son of 
George and Ann King), who died 12th December, 
1834, aged 17 years. 

Ck)d takes the good— too good on earth to stay. 
And leaves the bad— too bad to take away." 

** rierc lieth the remains of Mr. Oborob Kino (of 
London), sixth son of the late George and Ann 
King, of this parish, who died at Rye, 6th June, 
1860, aged 24 years. Reader, remember thou 
must die." 

"Sacred to the memory of TTAmrAH, wlite of 
Gborob Kino, who departed tlds life the 27th of 
April, 1818, aged 66 years. In afflictions how 
patient, to death how resigned. 

A felthftU wife, a friend most dear, 
A tender mother lieth here.** 

* Sacred to the memory of Georob Kino, who de- 
parted this life Septr. 11th, 1819, aged 60 years." 

** In memory of Harriot, daughter of George and 
Ann King, who departed this life 18th Oct., 1816, 
aged 18 weeks. 

The great Jehovah, fhll of love. 

An angel bright did send. 
To fetch this littie harmless dove 
To Joys that never end." 



" Sacred to the memory of AuBBik, son ofCtoonpe 
and Ann King, who departed this life April 18th, 
1821, aged 6 months. Also to the memory of 
Harrt, son of George and Ann Khig, who de- 
parted this Ufe February, 19th, 1823, in the SCh 
year of his age. 

The panting sigh, . 
Appofaits the Just to slumber, not to die ; 
The starting tear we check'd, we kissed the rod. 
And not to earth resign'd them, but to Caod." 

*< Sacred to the memery of Gborob Kino, who died 
7th December, 1831, aged 41 yean." 

** Sacred to the memory of Mrs. W. N. B. Harmajt, 
formerly wife of the late Mr George King, of 
this Parish, and only daughtor of the late Ed- 
ward Skinner, Esq., of the Float, Cdimore, who 
departed this life at her cottage, Albany Road, 
London, of cholera, on the 6th Septr. 1849, aged 
64 years. She was one of the best of mothera, 
and her end was perfect peace. * Blesied are the 
pure in heart, for they shall see God.' " 

" Sacred to the memory of Harbt Kino, who de- 
parted this life the Ilth Novr., 1818, in the 26th 
year of his age. He left surviving a widow and 
one son, Jeflky-George. 

Stay, traveller, stay, and cast an eye. 
As you are now, so once was I; 
As I am now, so must you be. 
Prepare younelf to follow me.** 

** Sacred to the memory of Lncr, wife of Jambs 
Stonhaic, who died April 4th, 1819, in the 26th 
year of her age, leaving issue 1 daughter, vis., 

" Sacred to the memory of Sarah Hessbll (late of 
this Parish), who departed this life, November 
9th, 1832, aged 61 years. * Blessed are the dead 
which die in the Lord, fair they rest from their 
labours.' Rev. 14 chap. 18 ver." 

" Sacred to the memory of Thos. Hbsbbli. Gate of 
this parish), who departed this life 19th May, 
1786, aged 46 years. Also of Thomas and 
Eusabbtb, his children, who died infents. Ho 
left surviving Hannah, his wife, and James aod 
Sarah, his children. 

Otod does not always warning give ; 
Reader, take care bow you Uve." 

** In memory of Mart, wife of Jaxbi Haanu., who 
died Deer. 28th, 1801, aged 61 years." 

" Sacred to the memory of Jambs Hbssbll, who 
died Septr. 26th, 1819, aged 78 years." 



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NOTES AND QUERIES. 



CONTENTS. 



1. The Bailiwiok of Endelenewlck. 

2. Anthony CJopley, of Boughey. 

3. Westham Church. 

4. Sussex Tradesmen's Tokens of the 

17th Century. 

5. Thatcher Family of Massaohusetts. 



6. Memorials of Old Lewes. 

7. Rhyming Epistle by a Sussex Lady. 

8. The De Warenne " Chequy " in Archi- 

tecture. 
9L Notes on Sussex Arohsdologloal Col- 
lections, Vols, zii, and xm. 



1. Tlie Bailiwkh of Endelenewiek. 

In speaking of this Bailiwick in my account of Ashdown Forest, I have 
declared, at page 43, my inability to state what rights and privileges were 
included under it, and to what particular district of Eastern Sussex it 
referred ; — ^not recollecting at the moment that the Rev. G. M. Cooper, in 
his account of Wilmington Priory and Church, Vol. IV., page 64, has given 
us this information, as well as some other particulars regarding it He tells 
us that it was situated in his parish of Wilmington ; that a piece of land, 
now a part of Moor*s Hill Farm, is still called hy this name ; that there are 
appearances of a mansion having once stood upon it ; and that Philip de 
Endelenewlck occurs among the names of those who were appointed commis- 
sioners for ascertaining the value of the ninths and fifteenths of Wilmington 
in the year 1346. 

Of the extent of the jurisdiction of this Bailiwick, we may form some 
notion from the circumstance, that rents, varying in their amounts, and 
called " the Endleweek Bents," are stiU due at Michaelmas in each year to 
Owen John Aqgustus Fuller Meyrick, Esq., as owner of this piece of land, 
from the following Manors, or parts of Manors, and Lands :-^His Grace the 
Duke of Devonshire, for Jevington Manor, £Q 18s. 8d. ; for Toakes' ditto, 
Ss. 6d. ; for Radmell ditto, 2s. 2d. ; and for half the Manor of Eastbourne, 8s. 
The Bight Honourable Viscount Gage, for Charleston Manor, ^1 178. 6d. ; 
for Bipe ditto, £1 2s. 6d. ; for Exceat ditto, £1 10s. ; for Ludlay ditto, 
£2 10s. ; and for land at Selmeston, Is. 3d. The Mensrs. Langridge, for 
land also in Selmeston, 2s. 6d. The executors of the late John Davies 
Gilbert, Esq«, for the other half of Eastbourne Manor, 8s. ; for the Scot of 
Hartfield Manor in Eastbourne, lis. 2d. ; and for Birling ditto, 10s. 
Frederic Shepherd, Esq., for FoUdngton Manor, £1 3s. 8d. The executors 
of the late C. S. Brooker, Esq., for land in Alfriston, £1 18s. Id. The 
ezecators of the late WiUiam Harrison, Esq., for Sutton Manor, in Seaford, 
48. 9Jd. Mr. EUman, for land in West Firle, 128. 6d. The Bight Honour^ 



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264 NOTES AND QUEBIES. 

able the Earl of Chichester, for Chinting Manor, 12s. The late Dr. 
Warneford*s Trustees, for the Broad in Hellingly, 23. Messrs. Popple, for 
Dean's Place Manor, 128. lid. The Countess of Amherst, for Milton 
Manor, 2s. — Gray, Esq., for different parts of Tarring Manor, three 
several payments of 16s. 8d., 13s. 4d, and 16s. 8d. Due from Mr. 
Meyrick himself, for Chalvington Manor, ,£3 Ss. 5d. Mr. Lees, for Peak- 
dean, and other lands in Eas^ean, £1 5s. The executors of the late John 
King, Esq., for Blatchington Manor, 168. Id. Total amount of rents paid, 
£29 68. 4id. 

Jacob, in his Law Dictionary, describes a bailiwick as a liberty not 
subject to the authority of the sheriff of the county in which it was situated, 
and over which the lord of the liberty appointed a bailiff, with the same 
powers within his precincts, as an under-sheriff exercises under the sheriff of 
the county. The Bailiff of Westminster is an instance of the exercise of a 
privilege of this kind. 

• Edwa£D Turnee. 

2. AfUhmy Copley, of Roughey. 

Can any of our readers direct me to sources of information as to Anthony 
Copley, who was at Rome in 1592, and, with Cardinal Allen, there in 1596 7 
He had been at the English college there on a pension of ten crowns, pro- 
cured from Pope Gregory by his kinsman Robert Southwell (the Jesuit). On 
6th January, 1590, he was Great Master of the Maes to the King of Spain. 
He was knighted, and had the title of baron given to him by the French 
king {Strype's Annals, iv. p. 12). A very indifferent account of him was 
given to Queen Elizabeth. Richard Topclyffe, writing on 26th June, 1592 
(Lansd: MS, 72, fol. 39), calls him — "Young Antony Copley, that most 
desperate youth, that liveth with some others, but most familiarly with 
Southewell (the Jesuit). Copley did shoot at a gentleman last summer, and 
did kill an oxen with a musket ; and in Horsham Church threw his dagger 
at the parish clerk, and stuck it in a seat in the church. There liveth not 
the like, I think, in England for sudden attempts, nor one upon whom I have 
good grounds to have watchful eyes, for his sister Gage's and his brother-in- 
law Gage's sake,of whose pardon he boasteth he is assured." Anthony Copley's 
sister, Margaret, married John Gage. Copley gave information to the 
government of the proceedings of the Englishmen abroad, and the state of 
Spain and Flanders {Ibidy pp. 379, 386). He was proclaimed in 1603 
for his participation with Raleigh in the Arabella Stuart plot, tried and con- 
victed at Winchester on 15th November, 1603, but afterwards pardoned. 

Some short notices of A. Copley, by Mr. G. R. Comer, appear in the 
third vol. of the Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries, pp. 200, 
203-5, and Mr. J. P. Collier there states A. C. to have been the compiler of 
a very curious prose collection of anecdotes, stories, and jests, under the title 
of " Wits, Fits, and Fancies," printed in 1595, and again in 1614 ; and 
that he also published, in 1596, an allegorical piece in verse, entitled, *' A 
Fig for Fortune." It was dedicated to Sir Anthony Brown, Viscount 
Montague, of Cowdray, and Copley states that he had been " disastred for 
virtue," and had been " winnowed into the fan of Grace and Sionry." 

W. D. C. 



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NOTBS AND QUERIES. 265 

8. Wesiham Church. 

The following notes of this church were prepared for, and used at, the last 
meeting of our Society at Pevensey : — The south wall of the church is 
Norman, having three of the original windows remaining, and the frame of 
the fourth is very visible on the outside. They are placed unusually high, 
and rebated for glass externally. The rest of the church, except a portion of 
the north wall, and part of the original transept, appears to be, principally or 
entirely, perpendicular. There is some good carved screenwork, and part of 
the roodloft occupies its original position. The stairs exist in the wall, though 
the entrance and outlet are blocked up. The Norman south transept, formerly 
a chantry, remains, and was till recently converted into a school-room ; from the 
appearance of foundations it seems to have terminated in an apse. By the side 
of the west door under the tower is a mutilated stoup. The chancel arch is of 
the late decorated period, and of fine proportions. The east window of the 
chancel contains the remains of some well-designed, but indifferently burnt, 
painted glass. Originally it represented the Saviour and the Twelve Apostles. 
St. Thomas, St. Matthew, and St. Peter still remain. Under the window, on 
the outside, is a cross of feuded flint, with Caen stone sides. The font, 
of the Eastbourne green sandstone, is of the period of Henry V. The 
interior wood^rork is in good preservation, and is of the same or next 
reign. It not only forms the screen between the nave and the chancel, 
but also between the nave and the south transept. In this transept is a 
monument to John Thatcher, Esq., who died 3rd September, 1649, without 
issue, and was the last of the once " noble family," as the inscription states, 
who were allied by marriage with the families of Ghallenor, Lewknor, 
Oxenbridge, Sackville, Pelham, Colepeper, Stapley, Tresham, and Audley. 
They were originally of the Broyle, Hingmer, and then of Priesthawes, in 
Westham. This John Thatcher is mentioned in a note to the notice of the 
Oxenbridges, of Brede, in the twelfth volume of the Sussex Arch. Coll., as 
being with Cardinal Allen, at Home, in 1596. 

W. D. COOPEE. 

4i Sussex Trademen's Tokens of the 17th CerUurtf. 

•John Peersy of — the field illegible. 

p 
Rev: Brighthelmstone — ^in the field j q 

For the following I have to thank R. S. Burt, Esq.:— 

•James* Morris— in the field a Swallow {the Arundel Arms^) 
Rev: Of Arandell 1652— in the field I • M. 

•Richard. Alderton — ^in the field a Bird, qy., a Cock, 

Rev: Of FaUmer. 67— in the field ^^'^ 

•William Smith in— in the field 1607. 

. « • 

c 
jKep; ♦ Steaming.Mercer — ^in the field ,y r 

William Fiaa. 
XIV. 2 L 



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266 NOTES AND QUERIES. 

5. Thatcher Family of MasAochusetts, 

Mr. Cooper supposed (vol. 12 p. 211) that the Thatchers of Massachusetts 
might be of the Priesthawes family. The first Thatcher, however, who went to 
America was Anthony Thatcher, of the Frome and Beckington district, 
Somersetshire, and was brother of Peter Thatcher, minister at Salisbury, 
and afterwards of Milton, Massachusetts, whose grandson married the 
youngest daughter of John Oxenbridge, the ejected fellow of Eton College. 

Ex inf, Wm. Courthope, Esq., Somerset Herald, and G. W. Thatcher, 
Esq., of Boston, Massachusetts. 

6. Memorials of Old Lewes, 

Page 8.— The inscription in the spandrel of the doorway of " The Vine,*' 
sbould be jltino 1577, and not /. S. 

7. Rhyming Epistle by a Sussex Lady, a century ayo. 

In our eighth volume Mr. Blaauw favoured us with various extracts and 
translations from the '* Iter Sussexiense " of the classical Dr. John Barton. 
The doctor entertained no very high opinion of the Sussex Gentiy as they 
existed at the middle of the last century, especially of the robuster sex. Of 
tlie ladies, he says : " They are both by nature better bred and more intel- 
lectual than the men." The habits of a young Sussex gentlewoman belong- 
ing to a well-known county family, somewhat before Dr. Burton's date, are 
illustrated in the following effusion, communicated by my friend William 
Smith Ellis, Esq., of Hydecroft, The MS., which has been for some time 
in his possession, is evidently a very hasty copy, with many blunders of 
transcription : a few emendations have therefore been made. 

Mr. Ellis remarks that the writer. Miss, or as the custom then was to 
call single ladies " Mrs," Mary Sergison '* was probably daughter of Thos. 
Sergison, Esq., of Cuckfield place, by his wife Mary, daughter of William 
Pitt, Esq., who had three daughters, Mary, the youngest, being married to 
John Tomlinson, Esq., and dying in 1762. Mrs. Prudence Seigison, the 
" sister Pru** referred to, was buried at Cuckfield, Jan. 1, i7i>2. ** Uncle 
Mich " was undoubtedly one of the four sons of Thomas Warden, Esq., who 
succeeded to the name and estate on failure of the issue of his brother 
Thomas Sergison, nd Warden." 

I have only to add that " good Sir Russel " is probably Richard Russel, 
M J)., F.R.S. (a native of Lewes, who, about the date of this letter, was 
bringing Brighthelmston into notice as a watering-place) ; and to call atten- 
tion to the characteristic fact that the Chaplain's place, even at this compara- 
tively late period, was the lower end of the table. 

A Letter from Mrs. Mary Sergison in the country to her sister in London. 

** Whilst you. Dr. Sister, fond of Town 
Drive far the thought of coming down, 
And dress, and visit park and play, 
And gdUdnt your hours away, 
Vouchsafe to hear in humble rhyme. 
How we poor girls at home do spend our time. 



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NOTES AND QUERIES. 267 

The morning Sister Pro, with oare, 
Devotes to family afiiairs — 
Gives out her orders — calls for John — 
Then reads, and writes, and works, till one. 
Meanwhile I thus my hours employ, 
In healthfiil 8i>ort8 and ffumly joys. 
I beat the Dnun, or mount the back 
Of never-tripping famous Black — 
Hallow with Stephen to the hounds. 
And fill the park with cheerful sounds. 
Invited by the air and day, 
To Slaugham now we take our way^ 
In pity view that ancient seat. 
In ruins venerably great 
Arrived at Widow's, tea we sup, 
• Enrich'd with cream — a cooling cup. 
But Uncle Mich, tho' very sober, 
Had got a pot of rare October. 
I join with him and poz, I say, 
*Ti8 far before poor slip-slop TEA I 
Befreshment had, we mount again, 
And travel o'er the forest plain. 
The fearful! rabbits scour with haste, 
The nimble dogs pursue as fast, 
Just at their cells secure their prey. 
And bear it to their lord away. 

Such exercise gives life anew. 

Adds colour, health — and fur surpasses 

All the pale pleasures of your London lasses. 

I guess ere now you smile and say, 

" O the dull stupid country way ; 

What's this to Drawing-room and Ball, 

And Ranelagh, and dear Yauzhall 7" 

Dear Madam, hold I be not in passion, 

You'll find that we, too, are in the fiashion — 

For, let me tell you, sister Pru 

Has had a rout as well as you ; 

A rout scarce seen by London flare— 

We had to eat, to drink, to spare. 

On ham and chicken, too, we dined ; 

Toasted your health in generous wine. 

A Lord and Captain gniced our board, 

(No fop nor sharper on my word) 

We'd ladies, too, of fame and worth, 

Whose beauty might adorn a court ; 

A Chaplain, too, with due decorum. 

At bottom placed, said grace before 'em. 

We laugh'd and prattel'd, drank, and played. 

And cards amused till evening's shade. 

A social walk pass'd time away. 

And cheerfull chitchat closed the day. 

In short, our hearts knew little care; 

We want but only one thing here — 

If good Sir Bussel but restore 

Mama to health, we ask no more ; 

The greatest, best of blessings sent. 

All will be joy and sweet content." 

Lewes. M. A. L. 



2l2 

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268 NOTES AND QUERIES. 

8. The De Warenne * Chequ^ in architecture. 

Any observer of the ancient and the picturesque, visiting Lewes, Seaford, 
and other places in this district, notes the peculiarity of chequered masonry 
in many an old wall, the chequers being alternately Caen or other yellowish 
stone, and squared flmts. I am told that such chequer-work is also 
observable in Surrey, Norfolk, and Suffolk, and that it is rarely, if ever, seen 
in 'other counties. 

If it be so, this &shion of masonry must surely have been originally de* 
vised in compliment to the great baronial house of De Warenne — whose arms 
were Chequy, Or and Azure. The Caen or other warm-coloured stone 
sufficiently represents the goldy as also does the bluish tint of the chipped 
flint the azure of the De Warenne shield. The De Warenne influence 
existed chiefly in this and the other three counties alluded to ; and it would 
be most interesting to ascertain whether this particular ornamental mixture 
of material is unknown elsewhere. 

Lewee. M. A. Lower. 



9. N(fU9 <m Sunex Archaeological Cdlections, Vols. xn. and xiu. 

Vol. XII. 21 — The father and grandfather of Edward Daniel Clarke were 
not fellows of Jesus College. Both of them were fellows 
of St. John's College. 

Ibid. 22 — ^Dr. E. D. Clarke's living in Cambridgeshire was Harlton, not 
Helstone. We believe that he died at Elsenham in Essex. 

Ibid. 216 — ^For Thomas ft Wood read Anthony ft Wood. 

Ibid. 267 — The letter stated to have been from Henry, Lord Howard of 
Estricke, is, we doubt not, from Henry Kstricke, a private 
IndividuaL There never was any such person as Henzy, 
Lord Howard of Estricke. 
Vol. Xin. 274r— John Bracegirdle was sizar of Queen's College, Cambridge, 
1588 ; B.A. 1691-2 ; M.A. 1596 ; B.D, 1602 ; and author 
of a poetical translation of Boethius, dedicated to his patron, 
Thomas Sackville, Earl of Dorset. His being vicar of 
Rye, and the time of his death, are facts which were un- 
known to us when we drew up the brief notice of him con- 
tained in Atheme Cantabrigienses (Vol. II. 430). 

Ibid. 276— Lewis Bagot was never of Trin. Coll., Cam. He gradu- 
ated at Christ Church, Oxford. . 

Cambridge, 11 Oct., 1862. C. H. and Thompson Cooper. 



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INDEX TO VOL. XIV. 



The Contents of the Annual Report are thaa indicated, "Rep, xiv." The 
Sabjects of the several Papers are printed in small capitals. 



Abbeys and Priories, See Battle. Bay- 
ham. Fecamp. Grestein. HastiDgs. 
Miohelham. Otteham. Syon. 

Aohintone (or Eokington) l&mor, Chid- 
dingly 211. 

Aoon, Parson, of Petworth, Fpire and 
bridge built by, 14, demolition of his 
spire, 17 

Aoton, formerly Aketon, 184, 

Aoton, Alice, of Rype, 220. 

Acton, John, 285. 

Aoton family, Chiddingly, 246. 

Adams family, of Harrietsham, Kent, 
113, » 70. 

Adams, Robert, inscription, 253. 

Adeliza, Queen of Henry I, 2.' 

Aelmar, early holder of Chiddingly ma- 
nor, 210. 

Agland, Edward, Ashdown Forest, 44. 

Akehurat, Thomas, 234. 

Akerst, John, 234. 

Aketon, now Acton, 184. 

Akton, Richard de, 113. 

Albini, WUliam de, 2. 

Alboume, 176. 

Alchome, Thomas, Sheriff of Sussex, 123. 

Alchom's Bird-in-hand, Chiddingly, 238. 

Alciston, incufnbent o^ 252. see Aston. 

Alderton, Richard, token of, 265. 

Aldrington, Portus Adumi at, 177. 

Ales, Ales, peculiarity of will of, 169. 

Alfred the Great a pioneer in civilization, 
38. Horsfield's error regarding him, 
64. 

Alfredingas or Alfiredings, 209, 

Alfrey, William, 44. 

Alfriston, possessions of the Maufees in, 
214, n 10. Brooker's land, 263. 

Algernon, origin of the name, 2. 

Algiers, collection towards redemption 
of Protestant slaves at, 132. 

Alleyne, Edward, the Actor, 47. Loan 
by his wife, 82. 

All Saints, Hastings, 67. 68. 69. 76. 97. 



114, n 87. 219. Church called the 
new church, 70. Loan by the parish 
to the town, 88. Stipendiary in the 
church, 96. 99. Bead found in Good- 
enough*s grave, .B^.xiii. <Sm Hastings. 
Statistics, see Hastings Parishes. 

All Saints Street, Hastings, old houses 
in, 108, 109, 110, unchanged in aspect 
190. 

Allen, Cardinal, Englishmen at Rome 
with, 264, 265. 

Allyn, John, constable of a ship, 71. 

Alman, W. Birch Park held by, 217. 

Almon, Richard, of Rye, 98. 

Amberley Castle, .Bep» xiv. Amberley 
church, 154. 

Amersbach, John de, specimen of early 
printing by, Hep. ziL 

Amherst, Earl and Countess, 216. 248. 
264. 

Amherst, Richard, of Lewes, co-vendor 
of Chiddingly rectory, 237. 

Amley, or Hamley, Chiddingly, 213. 

Amoore, Mr, of Hastings, 67. 

Anabaptists at Chiddingly (1724) 237. 

Anderida, Forest of, in the Saxon and 
Roman seras, 35. Its dimensions ac- 
cording to the Saxon chronicle, 36. 
Site of Anderida city, 39. Claim set 
up for Eastbourne, 119. See 207. 

Andrews, Catren, and her base-bom son, 
FUe-fomication^ 246. 

" Ane Wye," ship, of Hastings, 86, 87, 

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, 36. 120. 

Annals of Queen Anne, 16, a 8. 

Anson, Admiral Lord, relic of ship of. 
Rep, xiii. 

Antiquaries, proceedings of Society of, 
182, 264. 

Apparitions, sm Spirits. 

Apps, Martha, inscription, 260. 

Apsley, Alice, afterwards Lady Jefferay, 
224. Her effigies, 242. 

Apsley, Anthony, of Ticehurst, 114. 
Rated in the subsidy iUA, n 90. 

Apsley, John, of London, 224. 243. 



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270 



INDEX. 



Aquila family, presumed endowment by 
the, 140. 

Aquila, Gilbert de, oastle and forest of 
Pevensey conferred on, 41 ; his gift to 
Maresfield church, 145. Gift by his 
great grandson to Michelham, 238. 

Aquila, Honor of, 55. 157. 

Aquila, Richaitl de, gift to a Norman Ab- 
bey by , 4 1 , Chapel endowed by him , 43. 

Ardingly, 177. 208, 209. 

Arlington, 207. 209. 211. 216. 233. 236. 

Armada, the Spanish, 85. 87. 

Armorial Bearinga: Brom field, 116. 229. 
Calverley, 232. Churchar, 233. 
Cricketot, 186. De Warenne, 268. 
French, 228. 244. Harbottle, 113. 
Jefferay, 218. 226. 241. Miller of 
Burghill, 230. Milward, or Mylward, 
218.226. Monboucher,118. Moseley, 
241. Weekes and Wade, 116. Wil- 
lard, 230. Windows in house at Hall 
Green, 231. 

Articlesof the Church of England, read by 
the incumbents of Maresfield, 161, 162. 

Arundel Borough, Sir John Jefferay M.P. 
for, 223. 

Arundel, Henry Earl of, " Master of the 
Game," 3. 

Arundel, Honour of, 41. 

Ashbumham, Karl of, 67, n 7. 186. 

Ashbumham, Laurence, 111. 

Ashburnham, Sir Dennis, last M.P. nom- 
inated by the Lord Warden for Has- 
tings, 101, n 55. 

ASHDOWN Forest, or Lancaster Great 
Park, by Rev. Edward Turner, M.A, 
85. Proofs of Saxon and Roman oc- 
cupation. Finds of coins and other 
remains, 86 — 38. Derivation of the 
name 'Ashdon,' or 'Ashdown,' 89. 
Successive possessors under the Nor- 
man kings, 40, 41. Grant to John of 
Gaunt, 42. First mention of Ashdon 
as an independent property, 43. Copy 
of an '' Extent of the Forest," 44. 
State kept up by a descendant of *' Old 
Payne," 45 Hunting Seat in the 
Forest and its royal occupants, 45, 46. 
Exemptions claimed by residents 
within its limits, 47. Bailiffs and 
other ofiicers of the royal chase, Und, 
State of the Park temp, Chas. I, 48, 
Its dimensions and divisions in 1658. 
48, 49. "Kingstanding Hill" or 
" Queenstanding Hill," 49, 50. Pro- 
oeedings relative to waste and encroach- 
ments, 50, 51. Annihilation of the 
park, 52. History of the successive 
disputes between the crown lessees 
and claimants of rights of pasturage 
pannage,&c., 52 — ^59. Arrangements 
finally come to, 59, 60. Tradition of 



" the Dane*s churcbjrard," and result 
of excavations on the spot, 60, 61. De- 
crease of* timber trees. "The Hig^li 
Beeches," and its associative sugges- 
tions, 61. The last doe of the Forest ; 
Disappearance of the black game, 62. 
Poachers, smugglers, and horsestatlera, 
and their rendezvous, ibid. "The 
Coptbome Horn," 63. Anticipations 
of Napoleon's invasion, Und, Privi- 
leges claimed by Lords of adjacent 
manors, 68, 64. Error of Horsfield, 
64. Geological features of the Forest, 
138. Horses bred for the King, 139. 
See also 140. 159. 168. Supplementary 
notice, 263. 

Aahebumham, John, 96. 

Ashfield. 8e^ Asshefeld. 

Ash Wednesday charity of Robert Fen- 
nell, 134. 

Aske and Dawtrey families, 19. 

Assart lands, 58. 

Asshefeld, Great and Little, Suffolk, 
183—185. 

Aston ( 7 Alciston), collection at Mares- 
field for, 154. 

Atherston-on-Stour, Warwickshire, do- 
cument relating to, Rep, xiiL 

Atherton, William, M.A, Vicar of East- 
bourne, 130. 

Atherwode, Thomas, Churchwarden of 
Maresfield, 154, 145. 

Atkinson, Mr., romantic love story and 
death of, 148, 159. 

Atlingworth manor, 209. 

Atte Clyve, Robert and William, 71. See 
Cljrve. 

Atte Hall, or De Aula, ancientfiunily of, 20. 

Attewood, Thomas, 217. 

Atheral, John, legacy to Maresfield 
Church by, 155. 

Attree Family, excluded from benefit of 
a Nonjuror's Legacy, 250. 

Attree's Land, Pickhill, 238. 

Attwood, Alexander, 44. 

Aubeville, Robert de. Keeper of Hastings 
Castle, 69, n 11. 

Auckland, late J. T, urn given to, 177. 

Auger, Edward, a defaulting debtor tp 
Eastbourne, 135. 

Aungier's History of Isleworth, 115, n 92. 

Austen, John, alias Ryponder, 96. 

Austen, Mary-Jane, and Elizabeth, in- 
scription, 261. 

Austen, Mr, of Udimore, contributions 
to temporary museum by, Bep. xiv. 

Avorsfield Courts, 55. 

Awcke, Thomas, "Benevolence" con- 
tribution of, 82. 

Awcocke, Thomas, three of the name, 44. 

Aylesbury, old Hastings family name, 86. 

Ayre's gift to Petworth poor, 22. 



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INDEX. 



271 



B. 



Baohelor*8 gallery erected in Eastboome 

Church, 133. 
Badewell, Great and Little, 185. 
Badger, ancient name of the, 247, note. 
Badlesmere, Barons of, and Eastbourne 

Church, 121. 129. 
Bagot, Lewis, correction of error relative 

to, 268. 
Baily (not Bayley) E. H, statue of Lord 

Egremont by, 17. 
Baker, John, of Battle, 102. 
Baker, John, Eastbourne, "Benevolence" 

contribution of, 123. 
Baker, John, of the Inner Temple, 116. 
Baker, John, of Withy ham, and wife, 221, 

note 21, 
Baker, Sir John, owner of the Priory 

Lands, Hastings, 94. 
Baker, Robert, Vicar of Chiddingly, 248. 
Baker, Thomas, Vicar of Chiddingly, 248. 

Particulars relating to him, 251, 252. 
Baldslow, lands of John Weekes in, 116, 

91^7^93. 

Ball, John, object of bond given by, 152. 

Ballard, Thomas, house purchased of 
Hastings Corporation by, 118. 

Banester, Phillip, " wydow," East- 
bourne, "Benevolence" contribution 
of, 123. 

Bankboume, Thomas, incumbent of 
Maresfield, 159. 

Bannister, John, Chiddingly, 238. 

Baptisms, Maresfield, 25 years ago, 142. 

Barber, John, " Benevolence " contribu- 
tion of, 82- 

Barden, William and Sarah, inscription, 
260. 

Bardolph, Thos., Lord of Wormegay, 182. 

Barebones epoch. Puritanical Christian 
names not exclusively peculiar to the, 
246. 

Barghill. 221. 

Barker, Christopher, Bible imprinted by, 
Bep. xiv. 

Barkham, customary render due from, 
158. 

Barley, John, Mayor of Hastings. Pre- 
sentment by, 96, 97. Entry of his 
burial, 203. Brass to his memory, 
iMd. nS. 

Barley, Thomas, land held by, 97. 

Barnes Family, inscription, 256. 

Barn's Gktte, Ashdown Forest, 49. 

Bamsley, Thomas and Mary, inscrip- 
tions, 261. 

" Barons " of the Cinque Ports, 66. 

Barry, Sir Charles, spire designed by, 17. 

Bartlett, Thomas, 169. 

Barton Family, reference to an entail in 
the, 182. 



Bascome's History of Epidemic Pesti- 
lences, 196. 197. 198. 199. 201. 

Basilicffi, use made by the Romans of 
the porticoes of, 181. 

Basset, Lord of Sapcote, Rep. xiii. 

Bassompierre, Manhal, medal of, Bep, 
xiv. 

Bates Family, inscriptions, 260. 

Batesford, Robert de, 183. 

Batherst, Launcelott, husband of Judith 
Randolph, 114. 

Batop, Richard, licensed to beg, 105. 

Battel Fair, prohibited in 1666, on ac- 
count of the plague, 198, n. 

Battle Abbey, evidence as to the Hamons 
furnished by the records of, 25. Re- 
lics exhibited by Dowager Lady Web- 
ster, Bep. xii. 

Bayade, La. ship of Hastings, 70. 

Bayeux Tapestry, copy of the, Bep. xiv. 

Bayham Abbey, probable site of a gift of 
land to, 125. 

Baylif, John, 90. 

Beachy Head, 84. 92. 125. Its position 
and natural features, 135, 136. 

Beal (or Beale) Families, inscriptions, 259. 
261. 

Beards Land, Chiddingly, 238. 

Beckley, 112, nates 73, 74. 

Beda, or Bede, 35, 36. 

Beddingham, 209. 

Bedford, John, Duke of, estates of the 
Percies granted to, 4. 

Beggar Yeomans, 151. 

Bell, Sir Robert, Chief Baron of Ex- 
chequer, 223. 

BelleToute and Parson Darby's Hole, 136. 

Bells of Chiddingly, 240. Eastbourne, 130, 
131. Maresfield, 141. 144. 169. Same 
melted by lightning, 153. Cinque 
Ports Barons' bells, Bep. xii. Curious 
handbell from Rye, ibid, xiv. 

Bellyngham, Mrs. Susan, burial entry of, 
150. 

Benett, William, " Benevolence " contri- 
bution of, 82. See 97, 98. 

Benevere, Henry, Subsidy Commissioner, 
86. 

Benevolences, see Subsidies. 

Bennet, Old Hastings family name, 86. 

Bennett, Ann, and the Spirits at Rye, 
26—31. 

Bennett, George, longevity of, 247. 

Bentley's * Excerpta Historica,' 182. 

Beorm, Beorminga, ancient names, Mr. 
Wright on, 209. 

Berd, Rob. and Mich, le, subsidy asses- 
mentof, 212. 

Bergh, Robert atte, subsidy assessment 
of, 212 ; derivation of the name, 218. 

Berkshire, Ashdown in, destitute of ash 
timber, 89. 



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272 



BTOEX. 



BerringtoD, derivation of, 209. 
Beny^BKentiBh Genealogies, 221, n 22. 
Bertie, Sir Robert, afterwards Lord Wil- 

loughby and Earl of Lindsey, 217. 226. 

2i8, His issue, 248. 
Berwick Chuioh, Kettleby inscription in, 

165. John Jefferay, rector, 219, n 20. 
Besbridge's, Hastings, 108. 
Besdes, Thos. Jefferay's bequest of, 221. 
Betchington, in Friston, 218, n 19. 
Bethell, Ephraim, incumbent of Cfaid- 

dingly, 248. 
Bethune, John, of Eastgrinstead, 150. 
Betrothal rings with mottoes, ^ep, xiii. 
Bexhill, 99. 110. 116. n 93. 218. Site of 

Bartholomew Jefferay*s seat, 219. 

His burial place, 220. 
Bills of Mortality, 196. 
Birches and Birch Lane, Ghiddingly, 

216, 217. 
Birley Will, Chancellorof Chichester, 248, 
Biriing Manor, 268. 

Birmingham, probable derivation of, 209. 
Bishop, Hy, incumbent,.Ghiddingly, 248. 
Bishop, William, subsidy assessment of, 

124. 
Bishopp, Ffreegift, 246. 
Bishopstone, halting place of Edward 

IL on his way to, 120. 
Blaauw, W. H, F.S.A, error refuted 

by, 64. See 137, 266. 
Black House Farm, 170. 
Blacklands Court, 167. 
BlackUnds Farm, slag from old foundry 

on. JR^, xiii. 
Blackman Family, inscriptions, 260. 
Blackstone, William, incumbent, Chid- 

dingly, 248. 
Blaker, John, Esq, Lewes Priory leased 

to Suss. Arch. Society by, Sep. z. 
BUtchington Manor, 264. 
Blickling, Norfolk, momumental brasses 

at. Rep, xiv. . 
Blencowe, B. W, Esq, 60. 68. 121. n 6. 

Reference to papers by him, 137. 149. 

On Roman remains at Hurstpierpoint 

and Danny, 176—181. 
^* Blessing on Sunday," &tal accident 

connected with a ship so named, 202. 
Bletchingly, 209. 
Blount's Ancient Tenures, 8, n 2. 
Blunt, Mr. Scawen, 68. 
Boadles, Mrs, old house of, in Hastings, 

110. 
Boat, ancient British, dug up, 87. 
Bohemia kilns, Hastings, JRep, xiv. 
Bokholt, Robert at, subsidy assessment 

of, 21 2. Derivation of his name, ibid. 
Bole, Simon le, ship's constable, Hast- 
ings, 70. 
Bolt, Anglo-Saxon meaning of, 210. 
Bolt, See Boult 



Bonifiuse, Dinah, inscription, 253. 

Bonner, Richard, incumbent of Mares* 
i3eld, 159. 163. His benefactions to 
the parish, 164. 

Boreham Street, Harvest custom at 
£umin, 186—188. 

Borne, hundred and manor o^ and its 
early possesors, 120, 121. 

Borough English, manors suljeot to the 
custom of, 123. 

BoBsum, old Hastings fiunily name, 86. 

Botele, Sir John, parson of Foxerhall, 
188. 

Botreaux, William Lord, marriage of the 
daughter of, 182. 

Boult, or Bolt, John, Vicar of East- 
bourne, 130. 

Bourn, William de, gift of, on admission 
to freedom of Hastings, 75 i» 83. 

Bourne, Hastings, buildings over the, 81 
and note. Bourne Street, 67. 190. 

Bower, Bishop, Visitation to Chiddingly 
of. 237. 

Bowershipp, Chiddingly, 235. 

Boxgrove Priory, view of, Sep. xiv. 

Boyes, Robert^ " Benevolence ^ contriba* 
tion of, 82. 

Boyne, the. See Hay, Captain. 

Boys, John, of Betshanger, knight, 221. 

Boys, Mr. B, house at Eastbcrarne oc- 
cupied by, 122. 

Boys, ancient Hastings name, 86. 

Brabant, Godft^ Duke o^ 2. 

Brabon, Martin, '* Benevolence ** contri- 
tribntion o( 82. Bailiff of Hastings, 
202. His name in the register, i^, n. . 

Braban, Robert, Eastbourne, " Benevo- * 
lenoe " contribution of, 128. 

Braby's Hatch in Maresfield, 49. 

Braoebridge, John, and daughter, 185. 

Brac^rdle, John, vicar of Rye, Patron 
and literary work of, 268. 

Bradbridge, Augustin, Chancellorof Chi- 
chester, 248. 

Bradbridge, William, Vicar of East- 
bourne, 129. 

Bradford, Governor, Journal of, 107 n 62, 

Bradford, Will, of Pippingford, 46. 146. 

Brakynbury, Robert, lands granted by 
Richard IIL to, 81. 

'* Brambletye House,** novel of, 18. 

Bramstone, West Sussex Poet, couplet 
on Petworth cheer by, 8. 

Bray, Vicar of, a parallel to, 249. 

Bray, Thomas, Chiddingly, 289. Bray 
flBkmily epitaphs, 253, 254. 

Brede manor, 67. Tenants in 1847, 68. 
Originally belonged to Syon, ibid, n. 
Granted to John Bromfiel'd, 115. 

Brede Place, Hastings, 190. Bep. xiii. 

Breham, James, Jurat of Hastings, 100, 

Breton Wars, temp, Edw. Ill, 215. 



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INDEX. 



273 



Briefs, pecaliar records of, at Maresfield, 
158. 

Brighthelmstone, oolleotion at Mares- 
field for, 154. 

Brightling Charity lands, Chiddingly, 
288. 

Brighton Vicarage, Henry Michell nre- 
sented to, 165. 

Brisco, Wastei, Esq, Estate purchased 
by, 115. 

Bristol, Earl of, Ashdown Forest de- 
mised to, 53, 54. 

BBn'isH Antiquities found at Wil- 
mington, Rev. G. M. Cooper's Account 
of: Locality of the find, 171. Des- 
cription, material, and probable use of 
the objects found, 172—174. Possible 
reason for their burial, 174, 175. See 
178, 

British dwellers in Sussex, 178. 

British Museum, old building, designed 
by a Frenchman, 9. 

Britanny, dee John of Britanny. 

Broadstone Walk, Ashdown Forest, 48. 

Brodelonde, Margeratte, subsidy assess- 
ment of, 212. 

Brodie, Alexander, D.D, Vicar of East- 
bourne, 130. 

Broke, John, of Feversham, marriage en- 
try of, 246. 

Broleo de Leighton, 238. 

Bromfield Family, notices of the, 115, 
116. 229. Inscriptions, 244, 245. 

Brooker, C. S, Es^ manorial payment 

Bromhamme, Simon and Roger de, sub- 
sidy assessment of, 212. Simon's lands, 
218. 

Bromley, Kent, Roman via at, 177. 

Bronze Celts. See Celts. 

Broomham Lands, 218. Gallows dose 
by, ibid, note, 

Brooke, John, subsidy assessment of, 230. 

Brookes, Robert, Keeper, Ashdown 
Forest, 48. 

Brooke, Sir William, 85. 

Brookland, Hastings, 67, 68. 

Brown, Sir Anthony and wife, Filsham 
rents granted to, 114. See Montague. 

Browne, Miss Frances, appearance of a 
ghost to, 33, 34. 

Browne, John, 59. 169. 

Brown, Old, bequest to, 169. 

Brown, William, subsidy assessment of, 
124. 

Browne, William, Vicar of Eastbourne, 
129. 

Browne's Lodge, Ashdown Forest, 51. 

Broyle, the, Ringmer, 82. 161. 265. 

Bruce, Robert, 173. See Brus. 

Brunekoo, Gregor, subsidy assessment 
of, 212. 

XIV. 



Brus, Adam de, 3. Condition on which 
he gave Kirkleavington Manor to H. 
de Percy, Und, n 2. 

Bruscambille, Eep. xiv. 

Bryerych, Will, subsidy assessment of, 
212. 

Brygden, John, "Benevolence" contri- 
bution of, 82. 

Buck, Engravings by, Bep. xiv. 

Buckholt in Bexhili, 213. 219. 

Buckhurst, 49. Beech trees, 61. Resi- 
dence of the Sackvilles, 216. 

Buckhurst, Thomas Lord, 85. 99. 

Buckstead and Buckstye, 49. 

Budlett's Common, 170. 

" Builder," The, 66, Rep, x. 

Bull, Ralph, longevity of, 247. 

Bullock's Hill, tenement at, 97, 98. 

Bulverhithe, 81. Origin of the name, 
117. Its ruined church and ancient 
haven, 117, 118. Ck)ld coin found 
under the cliff, Bep. xiii. 

Bumdon, John, incumbent of Chiddingly, 
248. 

Bumsted Family, inscriptions, 260. 

BuTches or Burchetts, remains of, 230, 
231. 

Burdit and the Spirits. 29, 30. No entry 
of his burial, 30, n 2. 

Burgess, James, Churchwarden, Mares- 
field, 161. 

Burgess Hill, one of the Chiddingly 
seven hills, 207. Derivation of tiie 
name, 209. Robert at Berg, 213. See 
230. 232, 233. Burgh Hill Farm, 238, 
239. 

Burghley, Lord, object of Weston's peti- 
tion to, 96. 

Burghole Farm, 238, 239. 

Burial Places, Roman, 176. 

Burman, Thomas, 96. 

Burrell, Sir William, urn given to, 126. 
His version of Parson Darby's hole, 
136. Citations from or references to 
his MSS, 7. 22. 116, n 98. 120, n 2. 
124, n 13, 126, n 24. 129. 211, n 6, 
217, « 17. 226, n 38. 245. 

Burt, Martha, marriage entry of, 150. 

Burt, R. S, Esq, tokens communicated 
by, 265. 

Burton, chartulary dated at, 67. 

Burton, Dr. John, on the Sussex gentry 
of last century, 266. 

Burton, Edward, D.D, Rector of Broad- 
water, 121. 

Burton, Edward and Nicholas, Esquires, 
134. 

Burton, Sir Edw, and Pelham Burton, 
subsidy assessments of, 124. 

Burton, Jacob, Esq, 121. 

Burton, James, Eastbourne, " Benevo- 
lence" contribution of, 123. 

2 M 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



274 



INDBX. 



BartoQ manor, 187. 

Burton, Samu6l,yicarof Chiddingl7,248. 

Borwell, Thomas, Chanoellor of Ohi- 
cheBter, 248. 

Bushell, Sir William, married to a daugh- 
ter of Catherine Parr, 167. 

Butchery, HastingB, 98. 107. 

Butler, QeoTgQ Blade, F.S.A, on the 
appearance of Bpirits in Sussex. See 
Spirits. See also Icklesham and Rep, 
zi. zii. His contributions to the tem- 
porary museum. Rep. xiv. 

Butler, James, Esq, Commissioner of 
Ash down Forest, 59. 

Butler, John, M.P, singular ghost story 
of, 88, 84. 

Butler, John, payment ordered to, 90 

Butler, old Hastings name of, 86. 

Buxted, 86. 49. 65, 66. 188. 148. 160. 
167. 166. 

Byddenden, Thomas, Questman of Hast- 
ings, 96. 

Byrche, Bob. le, subsidy assessment of, 
212. 

Byrde, Mr, property owned by, 97. 

Byshop, William, contributor to repairs 
of Hastings pier, 90. 

Byssh or Byshe, Thomas, Vicar of East- 
bourne, 180. 184. 

Bysshop, Richard, ** Benerolence " con- 
tribution of, 82. 



Oabum Mount, encampment at, 178. 
Cade, John and Thomas, 160. 
Cadis (Cales) capture of, 101. 
Cadwell, Alyce, Burial entry of, 147. 
Caed, Saxon origin of Chiddingly, 209. 
Calais, Ships furnished by Hastings at 

the siege of, 71. 
Cales (Cadiz), Thomas Lake at the sack- 
ing of, 101. 
Calverley Family, former Importance 

of: impoverished condition of its last 

representative, 282. See 246. 
Calverley Park, TunbridgeWells, 101. 282. 
Calverley, Richard, Jurat of Hastings, 

86. 96. 98. 100. Work in which he 

was active, 101. 
Calvintooe, now Chalvington, 211. 
Camberlott, formerly Cromerlott, 284, 

286. 
Camden, William, his comment on a 

misapplication of public money, 86. 

Grant of arms by him, 116, n 96. 
Camera, Hugo de, 218. 
Camoys, Bad. de, 214. 
Campion, Rev. Heathoote, discovery at 

Westmeston by, Hep. x. 
Candia Merchants, Turkish captives, 

collection at Eastbourne for, 181. 



Cannyle, Thomas, Maresfield, 168. 
Canterbury, Archbishopric of^ disposal 

by Henry I. of, 120. Entry in the 

Archbishops* Register relstive to 

Maresaeld, 145. 
Canute, spelling of Hastings on the ooins 

of, 66. 
" Cardinalia Beneficia," question aa to 

meaning of, 168. 
Carey Family, inscription, 260. 
Carle, Bob, Chiddingly, subsidy asseaa- 

ment of, 212. 
Carleton, Tom, Sec. to Bishop of Chi- 
chester, 182. 
Carpenter, Mr, architect, repairs done 

at Eastbourne under, 128. 
Cartwright, Mr, on the meaning of 

" Holybrade," 165, 166. 
Catlings maide, payment " for a gray's 

hed" to, 247. 
Catsfield, Lands in, 81. 
Cavelle*8 Lodge, 61. 
Cavendish Family, descent of Eastbourne 

manor to the, 122, South chanoel d 

the church theirs, 129. 
Cavendish Place, Eastbourne, relics 

found on site of, 126. 
Caverley, Edmond, subsidy assessment 

of, 280. 
Cayley, John, Bequest to Eastbourne 

poor widows by, 136. 
Cayley, Robert, Clerk, Maresfield, 169. 
Cayley, Thomas, Chiddingly, 238. 
Cealman, William, 44. 
Cecil, Lady Anne, oak planted in oom- 

memoration of marriage of, 16. 
Cecil, Secretary Sir WillSun, Lord Cob- 
ham's letter to, 88. 
Celts of bronze found at Wilmington, Rev. 

G. M. Cooper's account of, 171 — 175. 
Centurion, Lord Anson's ship, relic of, 

Sep, xiii 
Chacombe Church, Northamptonshire, 

Shirley mscription in, 282 n. 
Chad and Chiddingly, 209. 
Chagres Fort, medals commemorative of 

capture of, Mep, xiii. 
Chailey, oddly named bridge at, 210 a. 
Chaloners, the, 81. Henslowe and M- 

leyne's acquaintance, 82. 
Chaloner of Lindfield, 149. 
Chalvington, 207. 209, 210, 211. 216. 264. 
Cham, Petronilla de, benefoction of, 69. 
Chambers Family, origin of the, 213. 
Chambers, George F, Esq, F.R.G.S, 

Contributions towards a History of 

Eastbourne by. See Eastbourne. 
Champion, John M.A, Vicar of East- 
bourne, 129. 
Champny or Champany family, inscrip- 

tions, 260. 
Chanotonbuxy encampment, 178. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



IKDBX. 



275 



Ohantry Lands in Hastings, ^. Hares- | 
field, 140. I 

Chaplain's place at table a oentury ago, 
266. 

Chapman, name obnoidoos to Parson 
Eades, 250. 

Charity Commissioners* Reports, cita- 
tions fh>m, 135. 

Charles 11. and the Wilsons, 121, 122. 
Patron of Chiddingly, 248. 

Charles King of Spain visits Petworth, 
14. His peculiarities at table, 15, 16. 

Charleston manor, 263. 

Chariton Court, Steyning, 123. 

Charon, Johanna de, 118. 

Chartulary of Richard I. to Fecamp 
Abbey exhibited, 67. Hep. x. 

Chatfelde, Thomas, incumbent of Chid- 
dingly, 248. 

Chatfield Family, 217. 281. 288. Mor- 
tuary inscription to Anne, wife of John 
Chatfield, 253. 

Chatfield, Thomas, 96. 

Chatterton, W. H, Mayor of Rye, con- 
tributions to Hastings temporary mu- 
seum by. Hep, xiv. 

Chaucer's Canterbury Tales, illuminated 
M8. at Petworth, 12. For whom sup- 
posed to have been executed, 18. 

Chauntler Family, 231. Mortuary in- 
scription, 258. 

Chelworth Qate, Ashdown Forest, 49 
60. 

Chenes and Cheyneys, 81. Disposal 
of their forfeited lands, ibid. 

Chequers, The, now the Cinque Port 
Arms, Hasting|8, 67, 68. 69. 

Cheynell, Francis, Rector of Petworth, 
insults the remains of Chillingworth, 
23. 

Cheyney, See Chene. 

Chichester taken by the Parliamenta- 
rians, 151. 

Chichester Cathedral, Eastbourne pro- 
perty of, 123. Bequest to it, 168. To 
its high altar, 169. Its Chancellor 
and Chiddingly, 214. 286, 287. 

Chichester, Earl of, manorial payment 
by, 264. 

Chid and Chiddingly, 209. 

Chlddingfold, Surrey, 208. 

Chiddingly, Eastbourne bells sent to, 
131. Bequest to Eastbourne by a 
Chiddingly resident, 134. 

Chiddingly, Parochial History of^ by 
Mark Antony Lower, M.A, F.8.A, 
Acreage of the Parish, 207. Its 
natural features, and its Seven Hills, 
207, 208. Its present decadence and 
former church-going g^ndeur, 208. , 
Evidences of Roman occupation, ibid. I 
Derivation of its name, 208, 209. Its 



Description in Domesday, 210, 211. 
Subsidy roll of 24 Bdw. i. (1296), 211. 
List of proprietors at that date, and 
remarks thereon, 212, 213. Callows 
Comer, 213, n. Account from the 
NoniB returns, 214. Manorial Htttory. 
Manor of Chiddingly and its Lord, 
Sir Nicholas de la Beche ; his singular 
office and career, 215. Descent of the 
Manor to the Saokvilles, ibid. Will of 
John Saokville, Esq., 216. Manor of 
Chiddingly, alias Byrche, and its suc- 
cessive owners, 216—218. Notices of 
the family of Jefferay \_8ee Jefferayj. 
Chiddingly Place, as rebuilt by Sir 
John Jefferay, and the punning motto 
in its windows, 225. Carvings and 
arms in the hall, 226. Legend of the 
black hen and the " crock of money,*' 
ibid^ n 3 1 . Verses over the porch with 
Mr. Vine's translation, 227. Peaks, 
the other seat of the Jefferays, and its 
more recent owners, 227. Qin and 
beer song relating to it and Perryland, 
228. " The Stream," and the French 
and Bromfield families, 228, 229. 
Buighill; Stonehill, and the Elphick 
family, and their timber-framed house, 
230. Burches or Burohetts and the 
Willard fomily, 230, 231. Old houses 
at Friths and Hale Qreen, 231. The 
Torels or Tourles and the Calverleys ; 
End of the last representative of the 
latter, 232. Thunder's Hill and the 
Thunders, ibid. House and family of 
the Shirieys, 232, 233. Other fiftmilies 
formerly connected with the parish, 

233. The Dicker and its extent, 233, 

234. Etymology of the word Dicker ; 
its leathery associations, 234. Re- 
peated litigation of which it was the 
subject, 234, 285. Act for its enclo- 
sure, 236. SeeleeianHcal HUeary : 
earliest mention of the benefice, 236. 
Successive owners of theadvowson and 
tithes, 237; Inspecting Commissioners' 
Returns, ibid. Site of the Church; 
system of church-marks for railing in 
the churchyard, 288, 239. The church, 
its spire, and other architectural fea- 
tures, 289. Repairs executed by the 
village blacksmith, 240, and feat 
then achieved by a villager, ibid. »45. 
The bells and their inscriptions, ibid., 
and n 46. Jefferay monuments, 241. 
The Chief Baron's monument, and tra- 
ditions connected with it, 242, 243. 
Margerie Jefferay's tomb, 244. French 
and Bromfield Monuments, 244, 245. 
Font and Register, 245. Puritan bap- 
tismal names, 246. Notable entries in 
the Regibter ; instances of longevity, 

2 M 2 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



276 



INDEX. 



247. Payments for destniotion of yer- | 
min, iMd. List of incambents from 
1487, 248. Parson Titelton and his ao- 
oommodating oonsoienoe, 249. Thomas 
Eadet}, the nopjuring Vicar, and his 
legacy to the Parish Clerk, 249, 250. 
His epitaph; litigation about his le- 
gacy, 251. John Herring, the intro- 
ducer of potatoes, ibid. Thomas 
Baker and his epitaph on himself; 
252. Inscriptions in the church, 241. 
in the ohuiohyard, 253—258. 

Ghiddingstone, Kent, 208. 

Chillingworth, the divine, insult offered 
to the remains of, 28. 

Child, bond given to Maresfield for sup- 
port of a, 152. 

Chimney backs from Sussex foundries. 
Rep. xiii. 

Chimneys, Sussex, desirability of a paper 
on, 231 note. 

Chinting manor, 264. 

Christening cup, of silver, filled with 
guineas, Rep, xiiL 

Christian, Mr, Architect, Church repairs 
done under, 129. 

Christian names, puritanical, 151. 246. 

Christophorus, Nicholas, collection at 
Eastbourne, for, 131. 

Chuck Hatch, Ashdown Forest, 49. 

Churchar Family, 233. 

Churoher, Thomas, Chiddingly, 217. 

Churchfields, Hastings, 100. Church 
house, Hastings, 99. 

Church marks, a mode of keeping up the 
churchyard rails, Chiddingly, 238. 

Church Street, Hastings, 67. Eastbourne, 
122. 

Churchwardens^ accounts; Chiddingly, 
247. Eastbourne, 130. Maresfield (in 
register), 154. 

Chyfelbergh or Chyselbergh, Bad. Mich, 
and Bob. de, subsidy assessments of, 
212. 

Ciding, etymology of, 209. 

Cinque Ports, Barons of the, 66. Why 
exempted from ordinary taxes, 71. 
Their custumals, 72. 80. Largest 
tonnage of vessels, temp, Eliz., 87, n 
43. Their poor licensed to beg, 105. 
Proclamation and Statutes relating 
to them, 106. See 78, 79. 214, 215. 

Clapham Lands settled by Hugh de la 
Chambre, 213. 

Clarendon, on the escape of a Perci, 14. 
On the fanaticism of the Common- 
wealth period, 162. 

Clarke, Edward Daniel, the traveller, 
parentage, benefice, and place of death 
of, 268. 

Clarke, Mr, Buxted, on Henry Micheirs 
attainments, 165. 



Clarke, Bobert, Vicar, Eastbonme, ISO. 

Claveham, or Claverham, 211. An ex- 
tinct manor, ihid, note 6. Seixed by 
the sheriff, 215. 

Clay Gate, 49. 

Clayton and Clayton Hill, 176. 177. 178. 

Cleaver, Euseby, rector of Petworth, 
bishoprics successively conferred on, 
23. 

Clerk, Daniel and Bichard, 117. 

Cliffe or Cly ve Lands, 68. 88. 99. 

Clint, portraits at Petworth by, 11. 

aipper, Mr, 147. 

Cloke family, inscriptions, 260. 

Cloudeeley, ancient Hastings name, 110. 

Clyve, Jenetta, 99. John atte, ibid, n 
50. SeeCnSo. 

Cobbe of Lyme men sent to repair 
Hastings pier, 87. 

Cobbeford, Chiddingly, 214, n 10. 

Cobbeforde, W. and B. de, subsidy asBeas- 
ments of, 212 

Cobham, William Lord, letter of recom- 
mendation from, 83. Object of war- 
rant Issued by him, 87. 

Cockthorpe, Norfolk, Sir Cloudeeley 
Shovers birthplace, 109. 

Codying, John de, 112. 

Coffin, leaden, found, 137. 

Cogherst, 140. 

Coins found; Saxon, 36. 66. Boman, 
37, note 65. 125. 178. Miscellaneous, 
137. Rep. xiiL 

Coker, Geoffrey le, 214. Coker*8 Pit, 
ibidfn 11. 

Colcock, Martha, inscription, 253. 

Cold Harbor, suggestion as to meaning 
of, 61. 

Cold-overton, Leicestershire, an ancient 
spur found at, Rep. xiii. 

Colebroke, John de, 168. 

Colegate, Thomas and Elizabeth, in- 
scription, 260. 

Coleman's Hatch, Ashdown Forest, 49. 

Colgate, Thomas, Hastings, 100. 

Collections for non-parochial objects, 
Eastbourne, 131, 132. Maresfield, 
153, 154. 

Collier, John, Esq, Cinque port Baron, 
relic of. Rep. xii. 

Collier, John Payne, F.S.A, 47. 82. 
Work ascribed by him to Anthony 
Copley, 264. 

Collier, Sarah, married to Boger Morti- 
mer, 247. 

Collins, Ann, inscription, Icklesham, 259. 

Collins family, inscriptions, Chiddingly, 
267. 

Collins' Peerage, copy of Will from, 216. 

Combes, ancient Hastings name, 86. 

Committee of Parliament, temp Charles 
I, and its doings, 162, 163. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



INDEX. 



277 



Commodus, coin of, Rep, xiii. 

Commonwealth of England, 162. De- 
feotiveness of registers during its 
sway, 192. 

ComptoD family and Brambletye House, 
1S9. 

Compton, Lady Elisabeth, afterwards 
Countess of Burlington, 122. 135. 

Compton, Redeemed, of Battle, 246. 

Compton, Sir Henry, Hanger of Ash- 
down forest, 49. 

Compton, Spencer, Speaker, House of 
Commons, afterwards Earl of "Wil- 
mington, 122. 134. His educational 
bequest, 135. 

Compton Place, Eastbourne, 121. 

Conduit, the, Chiddingly, 227. 

Constantine, coin of, 125. 

Conyngesby, John, Esq, Receiver, Duchy 
of Lancaster, 50. 

Cook, Clarencieux, Arms allowed by, 233. 

Cooke, Richard, Ashdown Forest, 44. 

Coombe Deane, Ashdown Forest, 48. 

Coombes, Willyan, 96. 

Cooper, C. H, and Thompson, Esqs, 
Notes on Sussex Archseol. Collections 
by, 268. 

Cooper, Edward, of Strood, near Hor- 
sham, 115, 116. 

Cooper, Rev. G. M., ooiyecture of rela- 
tive to property at Eastbourne, 125. 
His account of the discovery of bronze 
celts at Wilmington, 171—176. See 
263 and R^. x. 

Cooper, William, of Icklesham, 116. 
William and John rated in Subsidy 
lists, ibidf note. 

Cooper, WUliam Durrant, F.S.A, Spirit 
story communicated to, 33. No- 
tices of Hastings, iee Hastings. On 
the Marriage Settlement of Johanna 
Poynings and William de Cricketot, 
182 — 185. His notices of Plagues and 
Epidemics, 196, 197, 198, note. 200, 
note. Subsidy roll communicated by 
him, 211, 212. Acknowledgment of 
communications and reference to 
papers by him, 64. 137. 211, note 8. 
252. Note and Query relative to 
Anthony Copley, 264. His services at 
the Hastings Meeting, Rep, Ix. His 
contributions to the temporary mu- 
seum there, ibid xiv. See also 67. n 8. 

Cooper family. Inscriptions, 259, 260. 

Copley, Anthony, of Roughey, equivocal 
character and mischievous freaks of, 
264. 

Coppinger, Edmonde, 96. 

Copthome, unenviable notoriety of, 62, 
63. ** The Copthorne Horn," and its 
object, 63. 

Corley, or Morley, 112. 112 note, 114. 



Comer, G. R, F.S.A, reference to notices 
of Anthony Copley by, 264. 

Comhill Magazine, and Spirit Stories, 32. 

" Cortoris," meaning of, 151. 

Cossum, ancient Hastings name, 86. 

Costlye, or Costeley Ward, Ashdown 
Forest, 44. 51. 

Cotton MSS, citation from the, 87 n. 

Coupe, W. le, subsidy assessment of, 
212. 

Court Hall, Hastings, 81. 

Coorthope, Rev. H, 228. 

Courthope, William, Esq, Somerset 
Herald, information communicated 
by, 266. 

Courthouse Street, Hastings, 67, 68. 

Cowden, Kent, 41, 42. 

Cowper, Thomas, *thelder,' "Benevo- 
lence" contribution of, 82. 

Cowper, Thomas, " Byshop of Lincolne," 
Bep, xiv. 

Cox, T, London, Sussex History, sold 
by, 125, n 19. 

Cranach, see Kranaoh. 

Cranbrook, Kent, effects of Pestilence 
at, 196. 198. 

Cranhalls, Henrich, Dutch Engineer, 
called in to repair Hastings pier, 90, 
91, 92. 

Cranmer, Lucas Eranach's portrait of. 
Rep, xiii. 

Cranston, Rev. James, All Saints, Hast- 
ings, 203. 

Cranstone, Mfvjor, property in Maresfield 
of, 157. 

Crassingham, Richard and Martha, in- 
scription, 262. 

Creassye, William, property held in 
Hastings by, 97. 

Crete, Sir Robert, clerk, " Benevolence" 
contribution of, 82. 

Cricketot Family, see Marriage Settle- 
ment 

Crockatt, Gilbert, letter to Sir C. Sho- 
vel's widow from, 109. 

Croft, the, Hastings, 67. 

Cromerlott, now Camberlott, 234, 235. 

Crompton*s definition of a hide of land, 
234. 

Cromwell, Margaret, 169. 

Cromwell, Oliver, pretended saints of 
the era of, 246. Sword of one of his 
Ironsides, Rep. xiii. His Great Seal 
by Simon, ibid xiv. 

Cross, the, the residence of the Newn- 
hams, 145. 

Cross Ways, Roman remains found at 
the, 178. 

Croteslyve, lands in, 112. 

Crowborough Gate, Ashdown Forest, 49. 
^Crowe, William, co-purchaser of Chid- 
dingly rectory, 237. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



278 



INDBX. 



Crowherat, 140. 

Crown Inn, Petwoith, oQriona oeiling 

ia the, 22. 
Crown Office Writ in re Titus Otes, 80. 
Crucifixion in stained glass, Maresfield, 

144. 
Crunden, Susan, Nicholas, and Thomas, 

subsidy assessment of, 124. 
Cuckfield. 140, 150. 158. 177. 
Cuckmere, The, 211. 
Culmington, derivation of, 209. 
Culpeper, Thomas, Bailiff, Ashdown 

Forest, 47. 
Culpepper, Bridget, married at Mares- 
field, 150. 
Culpepper, Sir Thomas, and the repairs 

of Hastings Pier, 94. 
Cumbersome Hill, Manor of Brede, 68. 
Cup, »ee Christening cup. 
Curfew Bell, flastboume and Hailsham, 

132. 
" Curiosities of Great Britain," tradition 

relative to Sir John Jefferay from 

the, 248. 
Curie, John, subsidy assessment of, 124. 
Curteia, Augustln, Vicar of Eastbourne, 

130. 
Curtreke, Thomas, 147. 
Custumal of Hastings, 72. Other Cinque 

ports, 80. 



Daintrey, Mr, Petworth, picturesque fea- 
tures of house of, 20. 
Dallaway^s Western Sussex, 3. 5. 6. 7. 

18. 
Dane^s Church yard, Ashdown Forest, 

60. 
Daniels, old Hastings name of, 86. 
Dann, Thomas, property in Hastings 

leased to, 69. 
Danny, see Hurst-pierpoint. 
Darby, Rev. Jonathan, and Parson 

Darby's Hole, 136. 
Datchett, Bucks, collection at Mares- 
field for a resident of, 162. 
Davey, Mr. Worthing, contributions to 

Hastings temporary museum by. Rep. 

xiv. 
Davies, General, result of an excavation 

at the suggestion of, 60 
Davy, Thomas, Ashdown Forest^ 51. 
Davye, Thomas, Hastings, 96. 
Dawtrey — de hault Bey— origin of the 

family, 18. Leland on the division of 

their estate, 19, 20. 
Day, Richard, registry of marriage of, 

246. 
Day, Thomas and John, 230. Property 

once held by the family, 233. 
Deadman, Elizabeth, inscription, 256. 



Deane, Boger, of Waldron, 281. 

Deane*s Lodge, Ashdown Forest, 51. 

Dean Land, manor of, 217. 

Deane's Place manor, 264. 

De Aula, see Atte Hall. 

De la Beche, Nicholas, curions office 
shared in by, and its consequeaoes, 215. 

De la Chambre, now Chambers, Family 
of, 123.212,213. 

De la Pryme*s Diary, extract fkom, 109. 

De la Warr, Earl, property of, 61. 157. 

Delve Family, Chiddingly, 246. 

Deme, derivation and meaning of, 210. 
See 214 n 10. 

Deme Wood, Mine Pits at, 230. 

Devenish, or Devenyshe Family, Chid- 
dingly, property of, 217. 224. 238w In 
litigation, 234, 235. 

Devil's Dyke, and Portus Adumi Via, 
178. 

Devonshire, Duke of, Eastbourne pro- 
perty of, 122, 128. Manorial payment 
by him, 263. 

De Warenne Cheqay in architecture, 
query concerning the, 268. 

Dicker, the, formerly Dyker Waste, in 
Chiddingly, 213. 233. 235. 236. Pos- 
sible derivation of the word, 234. 
Mortality upon the Dicker. 247. 

Dicker, Thomas, Esq, 213. William at 
Dicker, 212, 218. 

Dido and her ball*s-hide purchase of 
Carthage, 234. 

Dieppe, situation of Hastings in r^^ard 
to, 98. 

Dighton, William, Questman, Hastings^ 
95. 

Dikes* Lands in Petworth, 19. 

Dill Hundred, Chiddingly, 207. 

Dine, William, poetical parish clerk, 
Chiddingly, 252. 

Dltchling Rectory exchanged for Chid- 
dingly Impropriation, 236. 

Dodsley's Collection, couplet from, 8. 

Dodson, Sir John, and J. G. Dodaon, 
Esq, M.P, Rep, xii. 

Doget, John, Vicar of Eastbourne, 129. 

Domesday Survey, 36. 66. 120. 208. 210, 
211. i^i<j,« 7. 215.234. 

Dondel, Johnne le, subsidy assessment 
of, 212. 

Dorset, Duke and Duchess of, 248. 

Dorset, Earis of, 51, 52. 54. 56. 287. 
Their residence as masters of Ashdown 
Forest, 51. note. Progenitor of the 
family, 21 5. See Sackvile. 

Dorset, Family monuments destroyed by 
lightning, 153. 

Douedale. Johis. de, 214. 

Dover Castle, 29, n 1. Custumal, 80. 
Collection at Eastbourne for the town, 
182. See 98. 177. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



INDEX. 



279 



Downs, Saxon dwellers on the, 178. The 
il South Downs, 208. 

Drabell, Nicholas, Esq., 50. 
Drake, Ralph, gent, 59. 
Drawbridge Qate, Hastings, 81. 
A Dray, William Johnstone, inscription, 
li!: 268. 

ej Drew, Roger, and Joane, his wife, testa- 
mentary direction regarding, 221. 
K Duchy of Lancaster Records, inaooessi- 
ii, bility of the, 46. References to plead- 

ings in the Duchy Oourt, 4a 50, 51, 
M 52. 56. 59. 234. 

Duddleswell : coins found, 86. Duddles- 
well Walk, 48. "King-standing 
* Hill," 49. Duddleswell Lodge, 50, 51, 

Il note, Duddleswell Manor, 52. 157. 

Dudley, Lord Quildford. See Grey, Lady 
■g Jane. 

Dugdale, marriage not noticed by, 182. 
p DunmoU, Mr, Lands held by, 88, n. 

It Dunster, Charles, rector of Petworth, 

Notice of, 24. 
i, Dunwioh Priory, ancient Chronicle for- 

merly belon^ng to, Rm, xii. 
I Duppa, Brian, tutor to Charles II, rec- 

^, tory and bishoprics successively held 

by, 28. 
Durrant, or Durand, Edward, Mayor of 
,. Hastings, 82, 88. 

Durrant, John, of Hastings, 98. 
J Durrant, Samuel, of Lewes, 122. 

Durrant, Sir Walter, Bailiff of Ashdown 
^ Forest, 47. 

Durrants, The, 88, n 45. 
^ Durraunte, Agnes and Edward, *' Bene- 

volence ** contributions of, 82. 
Dutch seamen. Parson Darby*s device 

for rescuing, 186. 
Dyke, iee Devil's Dyke. 
Dyke, Sir John, 288. Sir Thomas, 59. 
Dyker, the, tee Dicker. 
Dykore, Will., ater, subsidy assessment 
of, 212. 



E. 

Bades, Thomas, Incumbent of Chid- 
dingly, 248. A non-juror, 249. Limi- 
tation set by him on his legacy to the 
Parish Clerk, 250. His epitaph on 
himself, 251. Litigation caused by 
his legacy, ibid, 

Eades Land at Whitesmith, 238. 

Eagle, Honour of the, 41. 50. 233, 234, 
235. 

Earle, Dorothy, *' a woman of great age," 
247. 

Early English work, remains of, 69. 
117. 

Baseboum, West Sussex, 128. 



Eastboubne, Contributions towards a 
History of, by Gtoorge P. Chambers, 
Esq., F.R.G.S. Etymology of the 
name, 119, 7i. Qrant of the Hundred 
to the Earl of Morton, 120. Sojourn 
of Henry I. here, 120, 121. Succes- 
sive owners of the Manors, 121 — 123. 
Custom of Borough-English, 123. 
Principal inhabitants, temp. Hen. 
YUI. and Chas. L 123, 124. Roman 
and other remains, 125 — 127. Value 
of the Benefice, 127. The old Parson- 
age, ibid. Vault under the Lamb Inn. 
128. The PariHh Church and its re- 
storations, 128, 129. List of Incum- 
bents, 129, 130. Extracts from an old 
Parish Book, 130—134. Donations to 
the Parish, 134, 135. Tithe feast to 
the fiarmers; Sops and Ale, 135. 
Beachy Head, 135, 136. The 
'* Charleses," " Parson Darby's Hole," 
alleged origin, 136. References to 
Eastbourne in prior volumes of this 
Collection, 137. Notice of Chiddingly 
in an old Eastbourne Guide, 208. 

Eastbourne manor, customary payment 
for the two halves of, 263. 

East Dean, discovery of remains near, 
126. Collection at Maresfteld for, 154. 
Manorial payment, 264. 

East Grinstead, 35. 45. 48, 49 55, 56. 62. 
114, n 88, 138, 157. One of its M.P.'s, 
223. 

East Hill, Hastings, 65. remains found, 
Hep, xiii. 

East Hoathly, or Hothly, 81. 101. 207, 
208.210.213. Its Domesday name? 
211. 

East Knowle, meaning of, 210. East 
Knowle Wood, 230. 

Easter, or Eoster, derivation of, 210. 
" Pigs Easter," ibid, note, 

Easterftelds, 209. 214, n 11. Easterfield 
Farm, 238. 

Easter Monday liberties with a king, 215. 

Easter Sepulchre, Chiddingly Church, 
240. 

Eastern Counties, "tip-tongue" pronun- 
ciation, 190. 

Easton, Edwin, inscription, 261. 

Eaton, Henry, property in Hastings held 
by, 68. 

Ecolesboume Cliffe, coin washed up at, 
66. 

Ecclesiastical Commissioners, Church 
repairs effected by, 129. 

Echingham, William and John de, 112. 

Eckington, 210, n 7 See Achintone. 

Edolphe, Thomas, 228. 

Edlueston, Hundred of, 210, 211. 

Edmonds, Parson, Water benefits con- 
ferred on Petworth by, 23. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



280 



INDEX. 



Edward the Confessor, 66. 210. Hun- 
dred held by him, 120. 

Edward I, 42. 47. 

Edward II, 42. 47. His Hunting seat, 
45. King-standing Hill, 49. His 
visit to Eastbourne, 120. 

Edward IH, 42. 44. 47. 71. 75. 79. 214. 
Gold quarter noble of his reign, Rep, 
xiii. 

Edward VI., entertained at Petworth, 7. 

Edwards, Richard, 184. 

Effiicksfeld, 97. 

Egilden, William, " Benevolence " con- 
tribution of, 82. 

Egremont, Earls of, ue O'Brien. Wynd- 
ham, Charles. 

Elam, John Warburton, inscription, 
Chiddingly. 256. 

El Dorado, a possible English, 208, n. 

Elizabeth, Queen, 44. 82. Exhibition of 
Forest stock to her, 49. Her Scottish 
buck-killins; exploit, 50. Her aid 
sought towards restoring Hastings 
pier, 83. 91. Her warrant concerning 
same, 84. Chantry granted to Hast- 
ings by her, 98. Her grant to the 
Bishops of Chichester, 123. Anthony 
Copley's mischievous goings-on re- 
ported to her, 264. Oc(»sion on 
which she left her shoes at Nor- 
thiam, Rep, xiii Charter granted by 
her to Hastings, ibid. 

Ellis, Charles, birth of a doubtful son to, 
204. 

Ellis, J. 234. OM John Ellis, 247. 

Ellis, W. Smith, Esq, notes on Maiy 
Sei^gison's rhymed epistle by, 266. 

EUman, Mr, manorial payment charged 
on lands of, 268. 

EUys, Alexander, 154. 

Elphick, Ancient Sussex fkmily of, and 
their residence, 280. Subsidy as- 
sessment, ilnd. Inscription to William 
Elphick, 255. 

Emary, Mr. Albert, contributions to 
Hastings temporary museum by, Rep. 
xiv. 

Emming, Thomas, subsidy assessment of, 
212. 

Endelenewick, or Endleweek Bailiwick, 
Ashdown Forest, 42, 48. Bents of the 
Bailiwick, 263. 

Endor, The Witch of, 82. 

Enefer, Henry, property in Hastings 
held by, 68. 

English Channel, passage of Henry I. 
across the, 121. 

Eoster, the Anglo-Saxon goddess, 209. 

Erie, John, 51. 

Ermyn Street, route of the, 177. 

Emulf, Abbot of Peterborough, sent for 
by Henry 1, 120. 



Essex, Queen Elizabeth's Earl of, notioe 
of one of the captains of, 101. 

Essex, Earl of, parliamentary general, 
151. 

Estenovere, Chiddingly, 215. 

Estothingham, Dom^ay name for East 
Hothly?, 211. 

Estricke, Henry, question oonoeming, 
266. 
1 Etchingham, 209. 

Etchingly Wood, 209. 

Ethiopian Eunuch, painting of the bap- 
tism of the, 143. 

Eton College, Petworth rectory origin- 
ally part of the endowment of, 16. 

Ettriok Forest, a parallel to Scott*8 
" Lonely Thorn," in, 61. 

Eu, Earls of, 117. 

Evans, Hugh, of London, 221, n 21. 

Everenden, John, of Seidlescombe, ac- 
count book of, 90, Rep. xiii. 

Eversfield, John, rent paid for lands at 
Bulverhide, 118. 

Eversfield, Nicholas, Commission as- 
signed by Hastings Corporation to, 89, 
90. Electioneering, 101, n 55. Lord 
of the Manor of Gensing, 111. 

Eversfield, Nicholas, of Charlton Court, 
M.P, 128. 

Eversfield, Thomas, possessor of Qensing 
and yielding. 111. 

Ewhurst, 112, n 78. 115, 116, « 94. 140. 

Exceat Manor. Endelenewick Bailiwick, 
customary charge on, 268. 

Excommunication, cases of, 202, 208. 



F. 



Faintnot, the only puritanical Christian 
name in Maresfield registers, 151. 

Fairlight, Hastings, lands held by Fe- 
camp Abbey in, 67, n 9. Eastern 
limit of Hue and Cry, 110. Drawing 
of Merrydames old Farmhouse, Rep. 
xii. 

Falconer Family, ancient possessors of 
Miohelgrove, 14&. 

Farfield, Richard, 44. 

Farlee, now Farleys, Chiddingly, 288. 
Farley's Farm, 238. 

Farmer's Genealogical Register of New 
England, 221, n 22. 

Farrant (should be Tarrant), 86. 

Fauteleys, old Hastings name of, 86. 

Fawkenere, John, 217. Fawkener, John, 
221. 

Fawteley, Walter, surveyor of repairs of 
Hastings pier, 89. 

FawUey, John, Jurat of Hastings, 90. 

Fawtley, William, Hastings, 96. 

Fearon, Mr. John, interesting Maresfield 
Record preserved by, 158. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



INDEX. 



281 



Fecamp Abbey possessions in Hastings, 

66, 67. 67, n 9. Illnminated Charta- 

lary of the Abbey, Rep, xIt. 
Feld. See Field. 
Feldwio, William, cause and day of ao- 

cidental death of, 151. 
Fell, Joseph, Esq, Grants in tnist to, 

55, 56. 
Fennell, Henry, subsidy assessment, 124. 
Fennell, Bobert, bequest to Eastbourne 

widows by, 134. 
Fennis, Thomas, Ashdown Forest, 44. 
Ferche, Kich. and Walter atte, subsidy 

assessment of, 212. 
Ferreis, Boger, Hastings pier repairs 

committed to, 88. Jurat, 100. 
Ferrers, Joseph,' Mareefield, 150. 
Fewlar, Simon, incumbent of Ghiddingly, 

248. 
FfuUer^s man, payment for a '* fozhed '* 

to, 247. 
Field, or Feld, Anglo Saxon meaning of, 

140. 
Field, James Harman, inscription, 261. 
" Fig for Fortune," by Anthony Copley, 

264. 
Figg, William, F.S.A, reference to paper 

by, 187. Acknowledgment of his as- 
sistance, 181. Sussex Tradesmen's 

tokens, 265. 
Filliol, John, 112. 
Filsham, 110. Earliest notice, 112. In 

Judith Shirley's marriage settlement, 

114. Granted by the Crown, 115. 
Finch, Henry, altar tomb, loklesham, 

ascribed by Horsfield to, 259. 
Finch, Walter, testamentary direction 

relatiye to, 221. 
Finches, Chiddingly, 214 n 11. 
Fire in London, the Great, 158. Col- 
lection at Maresfield for the sufferers, 

154. 
Fisher, Philip, M.A, Vicar of East- 
bourne, 180. 
Fisher, old Hastings name, 86. 
Fisher's Gate, Ashdown Forest, 49. 
Fisher Street, Hastings, 69. 
Fishmongers' Company, gift and loan 

promised to Hastings by, 94. 
Fishpond Farm, All Saints, Hastings, 

88. 
Fitton, Sir Edward and Lady, (Maria 

Harbottle), 118, 114. 
Fitz Hamon, Robert, Monastery founded 

by, 25. 
Fitzhugh, George Lord, eonyeyance in 

trust to, 112. 
Fitzwillyams, Mr, Hastings, 98. 
Fleet Prison, bailiff of Bype committed 

to the, 234. 
Fletohing, 49. 56. 188. 146. 157. 164. 

166. 

XIV. 



Fleetwood, William, suits instituted by, 
234, 235. 

Fo^jambe, Thomas, reference to marriage 
contract of, 182. 

Folkington, 209. Customary charge on 
the manor, 268. 

Footbridge Lands, Ashdown Forest, 49. 

Foote, John, suit against, 285. 

Ford, Sir Edward, heads the royalists 
against the Parliamentarians, 151. 

Ford, Henry, lands in Ashdown Forest 
held by, 49. 

Ford, Nicholas, in the Eastbourne books, 
131. 

Forde, Will, atte, subsidy assessment of, 
212. 

Forest Gate, Ashdown Forest, 49. 

Forest Lodge, Maresfield, 146. 

Forests in Sussex, their geological and 
botanical attractions, 40. See Andor 
rida. Ashdown. 

"Forge" and "old Forge," Maresfield, 
158. 

Forge Wood, Chiddingly, 230. 

Forman, Roger, "Benevolence" contri- 
bution of, 82. 

Forster, Robert, of Battel, 229. 

Forster or Foster, Sir Robert, of Egham, 
Chief Justice, ELB, 229. 244. 

Foss's " Judges of England ;" notice of 
Chief Baron Jefferay from, 223. 

Foster, John, subsidy assessment of, 124. 

Fowle, Anthony, and Barbara his daugh- 
ter, 228. 

Fowle, Maria and Anne, inscription, 
261. 

Foxes destroyed as vermin, 247. 

Foxhunt Manor, 211. Foxhunt Farm, 
239. 

France, position of the Cinque Ports in 
relation to wars with, 71. 92, 93. 
Levies of Edward III, 214. 

Francke, Richard, Jurat of Hastings, 
100. His origin, 101. 

Frankewell, Thomas, ** Benevolence " 
contribution of, 82. 

Fraunceys, Johnne, subsidy assessment 
of, 212. 

Free chase and Free warren, 88. 43. 

Freehold Land Society, Hastings, land 
bought by, 88, n 45. 

Freeland, H. W, Esq, M.P, List of Chid- 
dingly incumbents furnished by, 248. 

French, Andrew, legacy to, 228. 

French, Anne, lUe Sackville, 229. 244. 

French, Elizabeth and Susannah, in- 
scriptions, 245. 

French, John, 221. 228, 229. 237. 

French, Stephen, 221. 228. 237. Mortu- 
ary inscription, 244. 

French, Thomas, 228. 230. 

French Family, 228, 229. 246. 

2n 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



282 



INDEX. 



Frenohe, John, "a Streame of Chitting- 
ligh," 228. 

Frenohe, Richard, Jurat of Hastings, 
100. 

Frend, John, suit against, 234. 

Freningham, WilL de, 214. 

Frewen, Dr, on epidemics at Hastings, 
192,193.199. 

Frewen, Dr. Accepted, Archbishop of 
York, volume of sermons by, Bap, xii. 
His silver toasting fork and fish knife, 
iMd, ziii. 

Frewen, Sir Edward, court rapier of, 
Bep, xiii. His magnificent gift to his 
grandson, ibid. 

Frewen, John, rector of Northiam, an- 
cient book belonging to, Bep, xii. 

Frewen, Thomas, Esq, contributions to 
Hastings temporary museum by. Hep, 
xii. 

Frewen, Thomas, silver christening cup 
of, and its golden contents, Bep, xiii. 

Frewen, Moreton, picture formerly pos- 
sessed by, Bep. xiii. 

Friston, the Selwyns at, 122. 

Friston Place, 218, n 19. 

Frith*s Farm, 209. The old House at 
Friths, 231. 

Froisel, Richard, 188. 

Frylend, Jacob le, subsidy assessment 
o^ 212. 

Fuller, name obnoxious to Parson Eades 
250. 

Fuller, Jone, wife of Barnard Randolph, 
114. 

Fuller, Rose, Esq, 238, 239. 

Fuller, Stephen, commissioner of Ash- 
down Forest, 59. 

Fullers, of Waldron, 228. 237. 

Fuller's " Worthies of England," cita- 
tions firom, 7. 168. 222. 

Funnell family, inscriptions, 256, 257. 

Fynch, Myles le, 214. 

Fynes, Giles, and the manor of Yielding, 
111. 



Oage, Edward, commissioner of Ash- 
down Forest, 61. 

Gage, Sir Edward, Thomas Jefferay's 
bequest to, 221. 

Oage, John, married Anthony Oopley*s 
sister, 264. 

Gage, Sir John, Maresfield Manor 
granted to, 157. 

Gi^, Sir William, Bart, K.B, 165. 

Gage, Viscount, Maresfield poiBsession of, 
146. 157. 166. Charge on his lands 
in Endelenewick Bailiwick, 263. 

Gallows, when first allowed in the Cinque 
ports, 73, note. 



Gallows Comer, Chiddingly, 213. 

Gaol, new, late old Town Hall, Hastings, 
68. 

Garawaye, Bartholmewe, 97, 98. 

Gardiner or Gardner, John, of Ratoliffe, 
222. 241. 

Garland or Garlaunde, Will, and Nic 
subsidy assessmento of, 212. 

Garrick, David, engraving of, Bep. xiv. 

Garton, Giles, of Woolavington, manor 
held by, 115. 

Gbucony, ships sent from Hastings to, 
70. 

Gatehouse Farm, Chiddingly, 238. 

Gawen, Jefferye, " Benevolence " contri- 
bution of, 82. 

Gawthren*8 or Gawtron*s Chantry, Hast- 
ings, 96, 97, 98. 

Gensing Manor, citation from Court 
rolls of, 69, n 12. The manor and its 
successive owners, 81, 110, 111. Gil- 
bert of Gtensing, 69. 

Gentleman's Magazine, reference to, 12. 
227, n 24. 

George, Prince of Denmark, travellmg 
difficulties of, 14, 15. 

George II, III, IV, ift^. xii, xiv. 

George Street, Hastings, 81. Ito earlier 
name, 110. 190. 

Germain, Lord George, patron of Chid- 
dingly, 248. His travelling tutor, 
251. 

Gibbons, Grinling, carvings at Potworth 
by, 10. aint's portrait of him, 11. 

Gibbs, inscriptions, 256, 257. 

Gibson, Richard, land held in Ashdown 
Forest by, 48. 

Giddy, Davies, afterwards Gilbert, 123. 

Gilbert, early parson of Chiddingly, 236. 

Gilbert, Hon. Mrs, manor held by, 123. 

Gilbert of Gensing, 69. 

Gilbert, John, Ashdown Forest, 44. 

Gilbert, John Davies, manorial cfaaige 
on land of, 263. 

Gilbert, Mary, wife of John Weekea, 
116. 

Gilbert, Mr, parish money held by, 135. 

Gilbert, Nicholas, and wife, 123. 

Gilbert, Nicholas, discovery of skeletons 
by, 126. 

Gilberts' chancel, Eastbourne, 129. 

Gildredge, James, 134. 

Gildridge, Thomas and Nicholas, 121, 
122. Subsidy assessment of Nicholas, 
124. 

Gildridges, chancel at Eastbourne for- 
merly belonging to the, 129. 

Gill's Lap, and the last doe of Ashdown 
Forest, 62. 

Glenister, Mr, contribution to Hastings 
temporary museum by, B&p, xiv. 

Gloucester, siege of, 162. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



INDEX. 



283 



Glover, Sir Thomas, and Hastings hayen, 

89. 
Glyde, Anne, longevity of, 247. 
Glyndboume, founder of the Hay fiunily 

at, 100. 
Godalming, Royal trayellers at, 15. 
GkNlebyte, The, war ship famished by 

Hastings, 71. 
Godfrey, John, lord of Gensing manor, 

111. 
Godfrey, Biohard, Hastings, 96. 
Godwin, land in Chiddingly held by, 210. 
Godwin, Esq, H. B, Inot B. H. as in text 

at p. 182], valuable Sussex MSS, pos- 
sessed by, 182. 184. 
Gk>ld found at Chiddingly, 208 note. 
Goldsmith, or Ctouldsmith, Anthony, 

ironmaster, Maresfield, 159. 161, 162. 
Goldyng, Thomas, subsidy assessment 

of, 212. 
Goodenough James, M.P, relic found in 

grave o^ Hep, xiii. 
Goodman, Chiddingly, 288. 
Goosenest^ Chiddingly, 289. 
Gordon, Mr, estate in Maresfield bought 

by, 146. 
Goring, George, 224. 
Goring, Mr, lands in Petworth devolved 

to, 19. 
Gostrow hundred, 116, n 98. 
Gough, William, of London, 221, n 21. 
Graham, Reginald, land in Ashdown 

Forest leased to, 54. 
Grange, the, held by Fecamp Abbey, 67, 

68. 
Graunt*s Observations on the Bills of 

Mortality, 196. 
Gray, Graie, or Graye, Mr, 150. 159. 161. 
Gray, or grey, ancient name for a 

badger, 247, n 58. 
Graye, Miles, Chiddingly bell founder, 

240. 
Gray's Inn, Duchy of Lancaster office at, 

145. 
Gray*8 land in Tarring, manorial charges 

on, 264. 
Great Eastern, ** queeving " of the, 189. 
Greatham, 166. 

Greaves, James, vicar of Eastbourne, 180. 
Gregory, Pope, pension granted to An- 
thony Copley by, 264. 
Grestein Abbey, Normandy, Grants by 

William Rufus and Richard de Aquila 

to, 41. 
Grey, Lady Jane, and Lord Guilford 

Dudley, needlework commemoration 

of the marriage of, 18. 
Grey ling. Captain, his linguist, 204. 
Greylon, Thomas, subsidy assessment of, 

212. 
Grey Wood, Chiddingly, derivation of, 

247, n 58. 



Gribbell, Allen, relics ofthe murderer of, 
iZep. xiv. 

Griffith, William, Eastbourne, 182. 

Gringer "Daas," and Castie "Daas,*' 
189. 

Grinstead, Catherine, inscription, 253. 

Grove in Hollington, Owners of the. 111. 

Groveherst, bequest of, 221. 

Growse, R, Esq, contributions to Hast- 
ings temporary museum by, Rm. xiii. 

Guestiing, 112, n 74. 116, n 95. Carved 
panels from the church, lUp. xiv. 

Guilham, Silvester, duty entrusted by 
Hastings Corporation to, 90. 

Guineas, a silver cup full of, JS&p, xiii. 

Guisborough Priory, founders of, 8, n 8. 

Guldeford family. Queen Elizabeth's 
visit to the, Sep. xiii. 

Gun Hill, one of the Chiddingly Seven 
Hills, 217. 

Gun public-house, Chiddingly, origin of 
the sign, 207, n 2. 

Gun Lands, 288. 

Gunmaylok, Walter, incumbent of Chid- 
dingly, 248. 

Gumey, Miss, locality wrongly identified 
by, 120. 

Guy, Mr. David, Chiddingly, property of, 
21 8. Materials sold by his grandfather, 
226, n 82. 

Guy, Thomas, instance of longevity, 247. 

Guy fiamily, inscriptions, 258, 254. 256. 
258. 

Gydlow, Jane (Mrs. Watmouth), a useful 
parson's wife, 161. 

Gyldsridge, Mr. James, Maresfield, 150. 

Gylle, John, " Benevolence " contribu- 
tion of, 82. 

Gynner, John, ** Cortoris," 151. 



H. 



Haddon, Edward, curate of Eastbourne, 

181. 
Haddon, Francis, of London, and his 

daughter Mary, 121. 
Haghe, Simon de la, ship master, Hast- 
ings, 70. 
Hailsham, benefkotions to the poor of, 

216. 221. 
Hale Farm, Chiddingly, 288. 
Hale Green, old house at, 281, 282. 
Halifax, ancestor of the earls of, 225. 
Hall Land, Chiddingly, 217. 
Hall family, of Brighton, estate sold by 

the, 280. 
Hall, Edmund, vicar of Willingdon, 

124. 
Hall, Robert, Commissioner of su^tsidy, 

Hastings, 81. 
Hall's Chronicles, reference to, 6, n 7. 

2n2 



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284 



INDEX. 



Halland, the Halli aad the Pdhams, 81. 
208. 

Halle, Henry, lordof Qeosing manor, 111. 

Halle, the, object of William de Crioke- 
tot'B bequest of, 185. 

Hambeleg^h, Henry de, subsidy assess- 
ment of, 212. Origin of the name, 
218. 

Ham Farm, Boman remains found at, 
176. Point cleared up by the disco- 
yery, 177. Remains still probably in 
the locality. 180. 

Hamerden, or Hamden manor, grants 
of, 112. 114, 116. 

Hamme, Bob. atte, subsidy assessment 
of, 212. 

Hammond, Henry, inscription, 255. 

Hamon. Thomas, Mayor of and M.P. for 
Bye, local eminence of; 25. ^*Fell 
sicke," 81. His signature, iMd, note. 
Apparition << very like Mr. Hamon, de- 
octtsed," 82. 

Hamond, John, LL.D, M.P. for Bye, 25. 

Hampton Town, 19. 

Hangleton, Roman road at, 177, 178. 

Hangman's wsges in Hastings, 78, note, 

Harbotells and Monbouchers, 112. Pedi- 
gree, 118. 

Hardman, Biohard, Ashdown Forest, 44. 

Hardwiok, Lord, Hastings Freemen's 
rights tried before, 72. 80. 

Hardynge, Rob, subsidy assessment of, 
212. 

Harleian M8S, account of apparitions 
from the, 26. 

Harley, Richard, Ashdown Forest, 44. 

Harman family, inscriptions, 261, 262. 

Harold, coins of, 66. 

Harrison, William, Esq, manorial charge 
on lands of, 268. 

Harrys, of London, Haberdasher, 114. 

Hartfield, 85. 41. 49. 55, 56. 62. 188. 140. 
157. 217. 224. Remembrance of its 
poor, 216. Customary charge on the 
manor, 268. 

Hartwell, derivation of, 49. 

Harvard (}ollege, Mayssachusetts, first 
treasurer of, 107. 

Harvest Custom, old, in Sussex, James 
Rook, Jun, Esq, on, 186—188. 

Harvey, Awdrie, and Thomas Harvey, 
her father, 221. 242. 

Harvey, William Olarendeux, king-at« 
arms. 221. 

Harvey, William, F.S.A, gold coins in 
possession of, 187. 

Hastings, Battle of, Bep, ix. Spear head 
found on the field, ibid, ziv. 

Hastings Meeting of the Sussex Archaeo- 
logical Society, and the proceedings 
thereat, Rep, ix. Contents of the tem- 
porary museum, t^ul. xil— xiv. 



HASTIKOS and its Munidpal Righfis, 
notices of by W. D. Cooper, F.SJk, 
and Thomas Ross, Esq, 65—1 18. Ab- 
surd legendary origin of the town's 
name, 66. Traces of the Norman pe- 
riod, ibid. Fecamp Abbey possessions 
part of the Manor of Brede, 67. Te- 
nants of the manor (1847), 68, 69. 
Remains of the hospital of Sc Mary, 
69. Sea inundations, 70. Royal 
Yacht of Henry I, ihid. Early con- 
tributions of ships and mariners, 70, 
71. Loss of the town custumal, 72. 
Copy of same from Rye Records, 72 — 
80. Titus Otes, and his claim as a 
f^man to the town privileges, 80. 
Early burnings of the town by the 
French, ibid. Commencement of the 
Corporation records, 81. Subsidy Com- 
missioners of 1 5 1 4, ibid. Benevolence 
Return (1544), 82. Proceedings rela- 
tive to repairs of pier and harbour, and 
untoward results thereof; 82 — 85. 87, 
88,89. Finalattempt; Cranhalls,the 
I>uteh Engineer, called in, 90—94. 
The last of the pier, 96. List of vessels 
and able men in the Armada time, 86, 
87. Boats engaged in the Yarmouth 
fishery (1641), 96. Particulars relative 
to Chantries and Stipendiaries, temp, 
Elis. 96—98. Lands granted to the 
Corporation by the Queen's charter, 
98 — 100. Eminent townsmen named 
in such charter, 100—102. The Lord 
Warden and the elections, 101, n 55. 
List of men fit for military service, 
temp. Jas. I, 102 — 105. Freeman 
licensed to beg, 105, 106. Prohibition 
of thatched roofs, temp. Hen. YIII, 
106. Oldest house in the town, and 
its Pelham occupants, 107. Salmon's 
house, 108. Sir Cloudesley Shovel's 
mother's house ; reminiscences of him, 
109, 110. Old house known as Mre. 
Boadles', 1 10. Limits of the Hue and 
Cry, ibid. Manors of Censing and 
Yielding, 111. Manor of Filsham and 
its successive owners, 112. Pedigrees: 
MonboncherandHarbottle, 118. — Ran- 
dolph, 114.— Weekes, 115. Bulver- 
hithe, its ruined church and ancient 
haven, 117, 118. 

Hastikqs, Aid. Jas. Rock, Jun, on pe- 
culiarities of Speech in use at, 188— 
190. See Speech. 

Hastings Parishes, On the Registers 
of, byW. A. Greenhill, M.D, Oxon. 
Decline of the town after French burn- 
ings, 191. Commencement and con- 
dition of the Registers of St Clements 
and All Saints, 191, 192. Population 
Statistics at various periods, and 



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INDEX 



285 



methods of oaloalat ion adopted, 192— 
194. Increase in decennial periods 
from 1801 to 1861, 195. Vairing pro- 
portion of females to males, did. Ef- 
fect of Epidemics on the rate of mor- 
tality at several periods and municipal 
precautions taken relative thereto, 195 
—200. Further notes on burials, 201. 
Gradual decrease in rate of mortality, 
201, 202, 202 note. Noteworthy ex- 
tracts from the Betters, 202—204. 
Average number of bi^)tisms, burials, 
and marriages (1571—1803), 204, 206. 
Calculations from these averages, 206. 

Hastings Rape, 210, 211. 

Haute, William, Esq, note on marriage 
settlement of, 182. 

Hayeirs daughter and heir, 220. 

Hawke, Thomas, Bulverhithe, 81. 

Hawkins, John, churchwarden, Mares- 
field, 152. 

Hawley, General, and his dragoons, 208. 

Hay, Captain, sword used at the battle of 
tiie Boyne by, Bep. xiii. 

Hay, Thomas, first Mayor of Hastings, 
100. His fitther and family, i^kj. His 
kinsman Isted. 

Hay ley, William, D.D, chaplain to Wil- 
liam III, and Dean of Chichester, 
photograph of, Bep, xiv. 

Hazlegrove, John, 169. 

Head, the, Eastbourne, 186. 

Heathfield parish, 211. Testamentary 
remembrance of its poor, 216, John 
Jefferay*s lands, 219, note. 

Hellingly, Calverleys at, 101. Testa- 
mentary remembrance of its poor, 221. 
Elynglegh, 234. Otteham Priory land, 
236. Manorial chaige on the Broad, 
268. See 207. 208. 209. 283. 

Hemmynge, Johnne, subsidy assessment 
of, 212. 

Henry I, grant to Gilbert de Aqulla by, 
41. His royal yacht, 70. Forces a 
bishopric on an Abbot, 120. Question 
as to the " Bume " at which he waited 
for a sea voyage, 120, 121. 

Henry II, reference to a charter of, 2. 67. 

Henry III, 2. 40. Absurd legend relat- 
ing to him, 50. Charters renewed by 
him, 67. Work done by him in Hast- 
ings castle, 69. His castle-keeper, 
ibidinete. 

Henry IV, See Hereford. 

Henry V, restoration of the Perci estates 
by, 4. Ashdown Forest frauds in his 
reign, 60. 

Henry YIII, 7. 60. Remarkable passage 
in his primer, Bep, xii. 

Hensley, or Henslowe, Edmond, Master 
of the Game, Ashdown Forest, 47. 51. 
82. Hia daughter Margaret, 159. 



Henslow, Philip, the diarist, 47. His 
parents, 82. 

Herd, Thomas, Maresfield, will of, 169. 

Hereford, Henry, Duke of, afterwards 
Henry lY, descent of Maresfield Manor 
to, 157. 

Herring, John, A.B, incumbent of Chid- 
dingly, parish document transcribed 
by, 288. Date of his admission to the 
living, 248. Query as to his tomb- 
stone, 251. Potato tradition connected 
with his name, iHd, 

Herriot, William, subsidy assessment o^ 
124. 

Herst, as a local termination, whence de- 
rived, 140. 

Herstmonceux, 126. Engraving of the 
castle. Rep. xiv. 

Heryngaud, John, subsidy assessment of, 
212. 

Hesmond, Francis, keeper, Ashdown 
Forest, 48. 

Hessell fomily, inscriptions, 262. 

Heton, Sir Henry, first husband of Isa- 
bella Monboucher, 113. 

Hetthe, Will, atte, subsidy assessment of, 
212. 

Heynes, John, Esq, sergeant of the Oatry 
and William Heynes, gent, Queen's 
purveyor of sea fish, 86. 

Hickes, Thomas, Chiddingly, 289. 

Hicks, Richard, longevity of, 247. 

Hicks family, inscriptions, 264, 255. 

Hickstead Place, Stapley family of, 150, 

Hide of land, definition of, 234. 

Higgons, Thomas, Mayor of Bye, 31, 
note. 

** High Beeches," Ashdown Forest, recol- 
lections of the, 61. 

Highlands, Chiddingly, 238. 

Highstead, Robert, Maresfield, 152. 

High Street, Hastings, 66, 67. 67, note. 
Old houses in the street, 107. 

Hilders Farm, Chiddingly, 213. 214, n 
11. Th&dition connected with an an- 
cient stone-pit on the fiirm, 239. 

Hill Street, Hastings, former name of, 
107. 

Hilles, Thomas, Maresfield, 151. 

Hilleshers, Hylleehers, or Desherssche, 
Andrew and John, subsidy assessments 
of, 212. 214. Local remembrance of 
name, 218. 

Hindeleape Walk, Ashdown Forest, 48. 

Hitchins, William, co-grantee of Chid- 
dingly tithes, 236. 

Hoade, Ixenry, Ashdown Forest, 44. 

Hobden, Susan, last occupant of a fa- 
mous house, 109. 

Hobson, James, Hastings, benevolence 
contribution of, 82. Another James 
Hobson, 88. See 108. 



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286 



INDEX. 



Hobflon John, Maresaeld, charitable be- 
quests of, 169. 

Hoc Monday, 68. Hock day, 72, n 26. 

Hoddens, old Hastings family name, 86. 

Hodgson, Bamabye, Maresfield iron- 
master, 159. 

Hodinges. Thurston, son of Gilbert de, 
gift of land by, 125. 

Hodlegh, Will, de, subsidy assessment 
of, 212, His probable position in the 
parish, 213. 

Hogge, Ralph, Mareefield, 44. Iron- 
master, 159. 

Hoggeweller, Maresfield, 166. 

Hoke, Rio. atte, subsidy assessment of, 
212. Locality identified with his name, 
213. 

Holder, Thomas, Elis. Monboucher's 
second husband, 113. 

Holford, R. 8, Esq, M.P, mansion at 
Maresfield held by, 147. 

Holland, Richard, second husband of 
Eleanor Harbotell, widow of a decapi- 
tated Percy, 113. 

Holland, Rev, T. A, postponement of 
]iaper by, Rep, xL 

Hollandes, John, Hastings, 96. Subsidy 
assessment of one of the name, 124. 

Hollands, name obnoxious to Parson 
Eades, 250. 

Hollington, 81. 112, n 74. 115. Its free 
chapel, 111,11. 

HoUyers and Holmans, ancient family 
names of Hastings, 86. 

Holman, Richard, J, and Edward, Chid- 
dingly, 238, 239. 

Holman, Robert, overseer of Parson 
Eadee's will, 250. 

Holman family, inscriptions. 254. 256, 
267. 

Holmesdale, in Fletohing, 146. 

Holms Hill, one of the Chiddingly seven 
hills, 207. Langham's land, 239. 

Holt, Chief Justice, 59. 

"Holybrade," disputed meaning of the 
term, 165, 156. 

Holy water basin disooyered in Mares- 
field church, 144. 

Holywell, Eastbourne, character of the 
water of, 125. 

Homas, Robert, ship's constable, Hast- 
ings, 70. 

Homer's birthplace, parallel to the dis- 
pute about, 39. Acquaintance of his 
heroes with bronze, 173. 

Honerveton, Geofi'ry de, 185. 

Honewyke, Walt, de, subsidy assessment 
of, 212. Locality identified with the 
name, 213. 

Honours and Lordships, distinctive fea- 
tures of, 41. 

Hoode, Samuel, Maresfield, 161, 162. 



Hook Wood, Ohiddingly, 213. 

Hoper, Mr, and Mr. Butler's apparition, 
34. 

Hoper, G, Esq, Ashdown Forest map lent 
by, 49. 

Hopton, Lord, invited to lead the Sussex 
Royalists, 151. 

Horeham Manor, exemplification of r^ 
covery of, 217. 

Horlock, John, Vicar of Eastbourne, 
130. 

Horn used for calling town assemblies, 
72 n 27. See Copthome. 

Horacraft, Eliz, an anabaptist " as is re- 
puted," marriage entry of, 247. In- 
stance of longevity of another Eliz. 
Horscraft, Und, 

Horseye, tithe of the chapel of, 215. 

Horsfleld's History of Sussex, citations 
from, references to, or corrections of 
errors in, 64 70, n 18. 122, 123 n 10. 
136. 164. 259. 

Horsham, character of country between 
Hastings and, 40. Anthony Ck>plej*s 
freaks in the church, 264. 

Horssey, John, house in ECastings held 
by, 97. 

Horsseye, Thomas, "Benevolence*' con- 
tribution of, 82. 

HoTsted Keynes, 56. Its picturesque 
vicinage, 139. 

Horsted Little, 81. 

Hothe, *'atte Hothe," <<de la Hole," 
" apud pontem," or " de la Stagno" 
family, 150. John Hoth or Hoyth, 
churchwarden, Maresfield, 154. 156. 
169. 

Hothe, Rado atte, subsidy assessment o^ 
212. 

Hotspur's sword at Petworth, 4. 

Houseboote, Hayeboote, and Heathboote, 
44. 

Howard, Lord William of Naworth, co- 
vendor of Chiddingly Rectory and 
Parsonage, 237. 

Howard Elisabeth and her two husbands, 
inscription, 261. 

Howard of Estricke, correction of error 
in reference to, 268. 

Howe, William, Vicar of Eastbourne, 
129. 

Howell, Edward, co-defendant in a Chid- 
dingly suit, 234. 

Howlb^ John, Hastings, 96. 

Huckles, heirs of, 98. 

Hue and Cry, limits of the, 110. 

Hughes, Henry, of Dachett^ collection at 
Maresfield for, 152. 

Hume, the historian, on puritan baptis- 
mal names, 246. 

Hume, Mr, the spiritualist, reputed mar- 
vellous feats of, 132. 



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INDEX. 



287 



Humpbreyes, John, of Warwick, and his 

daughter Maiigarot or Margerie, 222. 

241. 
Hunt, James, lands, &o, in Hastings let 

to, 69. 
Hunt, Mary, Eastbourne register entry 

relating to, 182. 
Hunter's South Yorkshire, 109 n 64. 
Hurst, town of, 176. 178, 179, 180. 
HuBSTPiERPOiNT and Danny, Boman 

remains in the neighbourhood of, by 

K. W. Blencowe, Esq, 176. Discovery 

on Ham Farm, 176. Point cleared up 

by same, 177, 178. Bemains, Boman, 

British, and Saxon, 178. Villa at 

Danny, 178—181. 
Husee, or Husse, Henry, collector of 

ninths for Edw. Ill, 167. 214. 
Hutohen, James, subsidy assessment of, 

124. 
Hutchinson, Mary, marries Thomas, 

afterwards Sir Thomas Wilson, 150. 
Hutton, Mr, land at Hastings bought of, 

97. 
Hydes, old family name, Hastings, 86. 
Hydowne, part of estate bequeathed by 

Thomas Jefferay, 221. 
Hyland, Samuel, of Bodiam, husband of 

Eliz. Weekes, 116. 
Hylls, John, Maresfield, 155. 
Hythe, Custumal, 80. Number of ships 

and mariners, 86, n 42. 



ICKLESHAM, 112 n 74. 116 n 95. Trans- 
cript of inscriptions in the church and 
churchyard by G. Slade Butler, F.S.A, 
269—262. 

Idenne Manor, part of the possessions of 
Nicholas de la Beche, 215. 

Iggulden fieunily, inscriptions, 260. 

Iguanodon from the East Cliff, Bep. 
xiv. 

Ilesherssche, tee Hilieshers. 

Hford, Essex, the Bromfields of, 115. 

Ince, widow, interred " without any 
burial," 247. 

Ince, Thomas and wife, inscription, 255. 

Influenza ravages in 1803, of the, 201. 

Ingram, Dr, point in local history settled 
by, 120. 

Inoculation for small pox, remarks on, 
'200. 

Inscriptions : Chiddingly : in the 
church, 241 — 245 ; in the churchyard, 
253 — 258. Icklesham : in the church, 
259; in the churchyard, 260—262. 

Inskeppe, John, co-defendant in a Chid- 
dingly suit, 234. 

Iron mastersi Maresfield, 159. 



"Ironsand formation,*' oharacteristios 

of the, 138. 
Ironworks of Sussex, 158. 
Isted, John, '* Benevolence" contribution 

of, 82. 
Istedd, Bichard, Jurat of Hastings, 100. 

His origin, 102. 
Isfield, 140. 
Ixworth, Suffolk, part of the possessions 

of William de Cricketot, 185. 

J. 

Jackson, Clement, Parson Titelton's be- 
quest to, 249. 

Jacobus Law Dictionary, definition of 
bailiwick in, 264. 

Jakelyn, Edmund, alias Bocher, " Bene- 
volence" contribution of, 82. 

James II, last nominator of a member 
for Hastings, 101 note, 

James, William A, Hastings, 97. 

Janson, or Johnstone, Peter, qjected for 
nonconformity, 166. Baptism of his 
daughter, ibid. His connection witti 
Maresfield and royal ancestor, 167. 

Jarratt, two Johns, ironworkers, Mares- 
field, 159. 

Jarrett, John, Maresfield, 151. 

Jeake, Samuel, Junr, Autograph of, Sep. 
xiv. 

Jefferay Family: John Jefferay pur- 
chaser of Chiddingly, 217. Arms of 
the family and pedigree of John Jef- 
feray's wife, Agnes Mil ward, 218. 
Genealogy of his two younger sons, 
219—221. His eldeet son and his 
issue, 222. 

Jefferay, Sir John, Chief Baron of the 
Exchequer, (grandson of the first John 
mentioned above), 222. His charac- 
ter according to Fuller, Foss, and 
Lloyd, 222—224. Property held by 
him at his death, 224. Mansion built 
by him at Chiddingly, 225—227. His 
participation in suits relative to local 
rights, 235. Traditional anecdotes of 
him and his family, 243. 

Jefferay Monuments in Chiddingly 
Church : Brass plate to the founder of 
tiie family and his wife, 241. Bichard 
Jefferay and his son Francis, Ond, 
William Jefferay and his son Thomas, 

241, 242. Chief Baron Sir John Jef- 
feray 's, the "glory of the church," 

242, 243. Margerie Jefferay, 244. 
Jeffery, or Jeffrey, John, defaulting 

bailiff of Hastings, 85. 98. 
Jeffries, the infamous judge, confounded 

with Sir John Jefferay, 243. 
Jenner, Mr, harvest home at the fium 

of, 186—188. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



288 



IKDEX. 



JesuB Altar, St ClemeniB, Hagtings, 96. 
99. 

Jevington, "Munta," or " Moonta " in, 
156, 157. Castomary chaige on the 
manor, 268. 

Jewhank, Stephen, inscription, 261. 

Joceline of Louvain, tenure by which 
Arundel Oastle was held by, 2. 

Johanni, Theodore, collection at Eastr 
bourne for, 181. 

John, King, presentation to Hastings 
churches by, 70, n 16. 117. 

John of Britanny, Earl of Kichmond, 
fourth of the knight^s fee in (Sensing 
held by. 111. Grants by him, 112. 

John of Gaunt, Grant of the honour of 
Pevensey to, 42, 48. A favourite 
residence of his 45. Familiarity of 
the Nutley folks with his name, 46, 
140. Mistake about his arms, 144. 
Occasion of his becoming posseBsed of 
Maresfield, 157. 

John Street, Hastings, 67. 

Johnsone, Luke, Hastings, 97. 

Johnsone, Peter, iee Janson. 

Johnstone, Silas, marries a grand-daugh- 
ter of Catherine Parr, 167. 

Jones, Owen, vicar of Eastbourne, 180. 

Jorden, William, subsidy assessment of, 
124. 

Joy, old Hastings iiamily name, 86. 

Joy, William, Incumbent of Chiddingly, 
248. 

Joye, John, Hastings, 96. 

Joye, Markes, and lliomas, shipmates, 
Hastings, 86, 95. 

Joynar, Robert, Eastbourne, "Benevo- 
lence" contribution of 123. 

Julius, Richard, pages of charter given 
away by, 67 n 8. 

Jurin, Dr, letter fnnn Dr. Frewen to, 
192, note, 

Jynkyne, Robert, Hastings, 96. 



Keddar, John, sen. andjun, Maresfield, 
156. 

Kedder, Philip, Churchwarden, Mares- 
field, 161. 

Kemble's " History of the Anglo Sax- 
ons," corroborative citation from, 26. 

Kennarde, Faintnot, marriage entry of, 
246. 

Kettleby, Ralph, incumbent of Mares- 
field, 159. Memorials to himself and 
family 165. 

Eeyme, John, presented to St. Leonards, 
Hastings, 70. 

Eeyme, Richard, Margerie widow of, 222. 

Keymer, Richard, co-purchaser of Chid- 
dingly Rectory, 237. 



Kidbrooke, Ashdown forest, 49. Ancient 

Dyke, 60. 
Kidd, Robert, quaint description of, 151. 
Kidder, Richard, the younger, charitable 

bequests of, 168. His daughter Jone^ 

ibid. 
Kidder, Simon, Parish Clerk, Maresfield, 

155; property leased to him, 156. Wit- 

ness to a will, 169. 
Kidder, Thomas, Maresfield, 168. 
Kidder, family, Maresfield, property held 

by the, 47. 150. 
Kidderminster, Richard, Abbot of 

Wincheombe, ancient book once 

owned by, Hip, xii 
Kimbolton, portrait of Sir Edward 

Montague at, 242. 
King, Henry, Rector of Petworth, after- 
wards Bishop of C^iichester, 23. 
King, John, Vicar of Eastbourne, 129. 
King, John, manorial payment dhaised 

on lands of, 268. 
King, Richard, unconstitutional pay- 
ment of a debt of, 134. 
King family, inscription, 262. 
King, old Hastings fiunily name, 86. 
King's Head, Hastings, 68. 
Kingsland, James, Keeper, Ashdown 

Forest, 48. 
" Kingstanding Hill** Ashdown Fonet^ 

tradition re^urding, 49, 50. 
Sjiatohbull, George, marriage entry o^ 

246. 
Knoder, William, ship's constable, 

Hastings, 71. 
Koc, Rado le, subsidy assessment of, 212. 
Koker, Gilebro* and Rob. le, subsidy 

assessment of, 212. 
Kranach, Lucas, portrait of Cranmer, by, 

Bep, xiii. 
Kyng, Rado le, subsidy assessment of 

212. 



"Lady's Chamber,** definition oi; 183 

note, 
Laguerre, Louis, decorative painting at 

Petworth ascribed to, 10. 
Lake, Thomas, Jurat, Hastings, 100. 

His diary, 101. 
Lamb Inn, Eastbourne, ancient vault 

under the, 128. 
Lamb, W. Philips, Esq, contributions to 

Hastings temporary museum by, Jiep, 

xii. 
Lamb, Mr. Richard, '* find*' of celts in a 

field of, 171. 
Lamberherst, 140. 

Lambert, James, jun, drawing by, 226. 
Lambeth Palace Library, purport of a 

deed in, 145. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



IKBEZ. 



289 



Lampool, latinized form of, 150. " Old 

forge" in itfl vicinity, 168. 
Lamporte in Borne, Abbey property, 125. 
Lancaster, Duchy of, see Duchy. 
Lancaster Great Park, 54. see Ashdown 

Forest 
Lancastrians, penalty paid by an ad- 
herent of the, 121. 
Lane, Thomas, Messuage in Hastings 

held by, 108. 
Langham's Land near Holme's Hill, 

239, 
Langridge, Messrs, manorial payments 

charged on lands of, 263. 
Langstaff, Mr, payment made to, 182. 
Langworth, John, and Dr. Langworth, 

rector of Buxted, 149. 
Lansdowne, MSS, citation relative to 

Anthony Copley from the, 264. 
Lasher, James, captain of the trained 

band. Jurat, and M.P. Hastings, 90. 

100. 101. 
Lasher, Nathaniel, Jurats E[astings, 90. 
Lasher, Thomas, 97. 
Lasher, William, Chiddingly, Jefferay 

tradition related by, 243. 
Lashmar family, inscriptions, 258. 
Latimer, Sir Thomas le^ curious ofGlce 

shared by, 215. 
Laughton, 207, its domesday name, 211. 

its saltpans, ibidy n 7. its lords 213. 

233. 234. Indoeure Act, 236. 
Lavers and Barraud, [not Laren and 

Barrand as printed in the text] stained 

glass windows by, 129. 
Law Magassine, reference to the, 101 n 

35. 
Lawder, Michael, question ^regarding 

designation of, 160. 
Lawtcm, Henry and Mary his wife, 115. 

116. 
Learne, Thomas, vicar, Eastbourne, 130. 
Leconfield, Lady, loan of book by, 12. 
Leconfield, Lord, reading room estab- 
lished by, 23. 
Leedes Castle, Kent, 45. 
Laes, Mr, manorial payment charged on 

lands of, 264. 
Lefeter, Robert, shipmaster, Hastings, 70. 
Logge, Robert, Esq, 54. 
Legge's Heath, East Grinstead, 45. 
Leinster, Countess of, supposed Vandyke 

portrait of, Rep, ziv. 
Leland's Collectania, 6 n 7. notices of 

Petworth by him, 13, 14. 17. 19. On 

the Harbotells* descent, 112. 
Lent, register of licence to eat meat in, 

202. 
Lepard, William, subsidy assessment of, 

212. 
I^eston, Legton, Legton, now Laughton, 
211. &>0 Laughton. 

XIV, 



Lencate, meaning of. 42. 

Levet, John, subsidy commissioner, 
Hastings, 81. Property held by him 
and his descendants, 81. 111. 

Levett, Richard (or Michael) vicar of 
Eastbourne, 130. 

Levytt, Lawrence, inquiry commissioner, 
Hastings, 96. 98. 

Lewes, Archdeaconry of, 127. 

Lewes Archdeaconry court of, 168. 245. 
Wills proved there, 168. 218. 220. 

Lewes, Battle of, absurd tradition re- 
lating to, 50. 

Lewes Bridge, Eastbourne contribution 
towards rebuilding of, 134, 

Lewes Castle Museum, 36, 175. Balance 
sheet for 1861, Rep, xi. 

Lewes, inquisitions token at, 167. 214. 
224. 

Lewes Prior, impleaded, 236. 

Lewes, Priory leased to Sussex Archseo- 
logical Society, Hep, x. 

Lewes Rape, place of refuge for gentry 
of, in a certain event, 63. 

Lewes Roman bath (modem) 180. 

Lewis, Edward, Eliz. Jefferay married 
to, 221, n 21. 

Lewknore, Bfr, Maresfield, burial entry 
of, 150. 

Lincoln, Bishop of, 3ee0ow^T, 

Lincoln, Earl of, property devolved on, 
217. 

Lincoln, Parliament held at, 214. 

Lindfield, 140. Lindfield families, 47. 
82. 149. 

Lindsey, Edward, London, oo- vendor of 
Chiddingly rectory, 237. 

Littlebury, Sir Humphrey, curious office 
shared by, 215. 

Littlington, 218. 

Liverpool, Earl of, version of the *' King- 
standing HUl" tradition by, 49, 50. 
Property held by his executors, 157. 

Lloyd, John, rector of Maresfield, 159. 
School of which he was master, 165. 

Lloyd, John, incumbent of Chiddingly, 
248. 

Lloyd's " State Worthies" on the cha- 
racter of Sir John Jefferay, 223. 

Lockett, Markes, ''Benevolence** con- 
tribution of, 82. 

London and supply of fish from Hast- 
ings, 91. 93. Levy at Hastings on 
London bound ships, 94. Visitations 
of plague, pestilence, and famine at 
various seasons, 153. 196, 197, 198. 
Precautions taken at Hastings against 
receipt of infected commodities, 197. 
Collection at Maresfield for sufferers 
by the Plague and Great Fire, 154. 

London Gazette, notice of prohibition of 
fiEurs in the, 16, 198 noU, 

2 o 



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290 



INDEX. 



London Jonmal (1721), oopj exhibited, 
Rep, xiv. 

London Road (old) Hastings, 88. 210 n 4. 
Rev.:a\, 

London, Tower of, tee Tower. 

" Lonely Thorn" of Sir Walter Scott, 
parallel to the, 63. 

Long Capum, charter of Rich. L dated 
from, 67. 

Longevity, examples from Chiddingly, 
247. 

Longford, Margery, married to Thomas 
Foljambe, 182. 

Longford, Sir William, parson of All 
Hallowses, "Benevolence" contribu- 
tion of, 82. 

Longlands, Hastings, 108. 

Longley, Nicholas, Mareefield, marriage 
entry of, 150. 

Lopdell, Nicholas and James, Eastbourne, 
"Benevolence" and subsidy assess- 
ment of, 123, 124. 

Lord, Rev. J. O, Rector of Northiam, 
old sermons preached by. Rep, xiii. 

Lott, old Hastings family name, 86. 

Love, John, th'elder, "Benevolence" 
contribution of, 82. 

Love, Thomas, Hastings, joint deposi- 
tion of, 96. Tenement held by him, 
98. Jurat, 100. 

Lovel, William, Jurat, Hastings, 90. 
Mayor, 208. Question as to his 
mavoralty, ibid, note 9. 

Lowcke, Sir Thomas, clerk, "Benevo- 
lence" contribution of, 82. 

Lower, Called, of Warbleton, 246. 

Lower, Mark Antony, M.A, F.S.A, 
Parochial historv of Chiddingly, 207 
—252. 6^90 Chiddingly. Reference to 
works or papers by him, 137. 158. 186. 
215. note 218. 246, » 62. Notes on 
a rhymed epistle, 266. On the De 
Warenne Chequy, 268. His con- 
tribution to Hastings temporary 
museum, Sep, ziv. 

Lower Spring (hardens Fann, Mares- 
field, charity chaiged on part of, 
164. 

Lowle, John, "Benevolence" contribu- 
tion of, 82. 

Lucas Robert, subsidy assessment of, 
230. 

Lucas, Richard, interred " without any 
burial," 247. 

Ludlay Manor, payment to Endelene- 
wick Bailiwick charged on, 263. 

Ludlow, illustrative passage frx>m his- 
tory of, 209. 

Ludlow, Thomas, presented by Hen. IV. 
to Maresfield; non-residence license 
granted to him, 169. 

Lulham, Edward, and his widow, 220. 



Lulham, John, bell-foander, 180I. 
Churchwarden, Chiddingly, 240. 

Lulham, Thomas, legatee under Thomas 
Jefferay's will, 221. 

Lulleh*m, Thorn, de, subsidy assessment 
of, 212. Locality identified with his 
name, 213. 

Lunnysdel, Dominus Willielmus, borlal 
entry of, 149. 

Lunsford, Isabel, 114. 

Lunsford, John, Jurat of Hastings, 100. 
Honor conferred on him, 101. His 
grandson Sir Thomas, ibid. 

Lushington, Henry, D.D, vicar of East- 
bourne, 130. 

Luxford, Edward, incumbent ofCSiid- 
dingly, 248. 

Lydelink and Bawdeland, in GtaDsingrr 
69, n 12. 

Ly£fe, Richard, mayor or bailiff, Hast- 
faigs, 88, 89. 97. 98. M.P, for the 
borough, 100. Pecuniary recognition 
of his parliamentary services, 101. 

Lyherbead, extinct Hastings family 
name, 86. 

Lylye, Alan, subsidy contribution. Pet- 
worth, 24. 

Lyon's Dover, Cinque Ports oustumals 
printed in, 80. 



Mabb, — , co-trustee of John Midmore'a 
charity, 134. 

Mabbe, Ffreegiffc, Chiddingly, 246. 

Magdalen Lands, Hastings, 100. 

Maidenhead Inn, Hastings, 67, 68. 

Mallory, Sir Henry, second husband of 
Judith Shirley, 114. 

Manchester, ducal house of, founder of 
the, 225. His portrait, 242 note, 

Maney, or Mayney, Sir Walter, and his 
daughter Elisabeth, first wife of Fran- 
cis Jefferay, 222. Rhymed epiti4)h on 
her, ilrid. Further monumental re- 
ference to them, 241 

Mankeseye, value of the tenths and 
ninths of, 214. See 216 note. 

Manners, Sir Robert, ennoblement of 
the descendants of, 121. 

Mannington, Simon, vicar of Bast- 
bourne, 180, 

Mannynge, Gea^on and Randall, Mares- 
field, 162. 

Mantell, Dr. Qideon Algernon, of Lew^ 
Saxon coins purchased by, 37. Native 
gold found in Sussex by him, 208 noto. 

Mapwell, John, of Battle, 101. 

Marohant, James, churchwarden, Mares- 
field, 152. 

Marescal, Will, le, subsidy assessment 
of, 212. 



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INDEX. 



291 



Habesfield, 85, 36. 88. 41. Supposed 
builder of its ohuroh, 42. Its free 
chapel, 43. Forest rights of its rector 
or parson, 48, 44. The Kidders of 
Maresfield, 47. Allusions to the park 
(Ashdown Forest), in its registers, 48. 
Manor of liaresfield, 57. 

MABE8FIBLD, by Bev. Edward Turner, 
M.A, acreage, population, geological 
features, boundaries, &c, of the Parish, 
138. Erection of Nutlej district 
church, and origin of &e name 
Nutley, 189. Derivation of the name 
Maresfield, 139, 140. Ancient free 
chapel of Nutley, 140. The church, 
its architectural features, modem 
disfigurements and ancient paintings, 
140 — 144. Qentlemen's houses in the 
parish, 145—147. Bomantic story of 
two lovers, 148. Notable entries in 
the parish register, 149 — 152. Becord 
of brietis and collections, 152 — 154. 
And churchwardens accounts, 154, 

155. The Nottley Chalice and its 
successor, 154. ** Holybrade," at- 
tempted definitions of the term, 155, 

156. "The Mount," 156. The manor 
and its ancient customs, 157, 158. 
Ironworks occupied by the Romans, 
158. Dutch and French workers, 159. 
List of Incumbents from 1404, ilnd. 
Biographical notices of the several 
Incumbents from 32 Hen. Yin, 160 
— 167. NonsB return for the parish, 
167, 168. Wills of Maresfield resi- 
dents, 168—170. Blackhouse Farm 
and its moat, 170. Sed 45. 47. 49, 
50. 52. 56, 56. 

Margaret, Queen— Margar' Begine AngP, 
214. 

Margaret, "commonly called beggar," 
161. 

Margoee, (Marger's by Nash Street), 285. 

Marlborough, Duke of, appointed to at- 
tend on the King of Spain at Pet- 
worth, 14. 

Marmale Downe, 221. 

Marriages perfonned by uncanonical 
persons, ^OS. 

Marbiaob Settleheitt of Johanna 
Poynings and William de Cricketot, 
(1343), by W. D. Cooper, F.S.A, 
182—184. Notice of the Cricketot 
family, 185. IMte : A draft settle- 
ment, dated 1464, is printed in Fenn*s 
" Fasten Letters," No. LXi.] 

Marscot, William, Tithe Juror, Mares- 
field, 168. 

Marshall, Willyam, Hastings, 97. 

Marshairs Manor, exemption claimed 
by residents in, 47. The ancient 
house in Maresfield, 146. Builder of 



the present house, 147. Former re- 
sidents, 148. 150. Present owner of 
the manor, 157. Customary cluuges 
on it, 158. 

Marshalls, John, Tithe Juror, Maresfield, 
168. 

Martaine, Will, subsidy assessment of, 
124. 

Martin, Mary, of Bype, her husband 
and issue, 232. Memorial to her 
memory, ibidf note. 

Martin, P. J, Esq, of Pulborough, obi- 
tuary notice of, Eep, zi. 

Mary of Ixworth, Convent of, 186. 

Mary of Winchester College, Oxford, 
church in the patronage o^ 70. 

Mascall, Edward, marries Mary Jefieray, 
222. Monumental allusion to her, 
241. 

Mascots, Manor of, and its present 
owners, 157. 

Mason, Mr, chemist, Hastings, contri- 
butions to temporary museum by, 
Bep, xiv. 

Mason, old Hastings family name, 86. 

Massachusetts, first treasurer of Har- 
vard College in, 170. Photograph of 
Portrait at Boston, Rep, xiv. 

Mather, Cotton, 107, n 62. 

Mather, Increase, [not Walker sa •printed 
in the text], " Illustrious Provi- 
dences " of, 83. 

Maudesley, John, slab with the inscrip- 
tion in Lombardic characters to, 18. 

Maudesley, Thomas, rector of Mares- 
field, 169. Short notice of him, 160. 

Maufe, or Maufee, Will, subsidy assess- 
ment of, 212. Betum of the same 
name, temp. Edw. II, 214. Posses- 
sions of the family, ibidj note. Dis- 
pute of their right to t^resent to Chid- 
dingly, 236. 

Mayfield, 102. 140. Mayfield Palace, 50. 

Mayne Bock, Hastings, 97. 

Mayney, see Maney. 

Meadow, the Great, Hastings, 67. 68. 
69. 

Meadows, old Hastings family name, 
86. 

Meads and Prentice Street, a division of 
Eastbourne, 119. Hamlet of Meads, 
126. 

Mears, Thomas, Chiddingly bell cast 
by, 240. 

Medelton, William, " benevolence " con- 
tribution of, 82. 

Medley, George, Esq, Chiddingly, 239. 

Meechlng, Bichard, Hastings, local in- 
ference deducible from the will of, 70, 

Meeres, John, of Glynley, husband of 
Mary French 228. 

Meerfields, Chiddingly, 235. 

2 o 2 



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292 



INDEX. 



Meroer fiimily, Hastingi p roperty onoe 
heldbythe, 88, fi46. 

Merchants* marks found in Hastings, 
102. 

Meresliam, manor of; 215. 

Mersh, Roger, inonmbent of liaresfleld, 
159. 

Message, "old Qoodman," burial entry 
of, 247. 

Meyrick, O. J. A« F, Bsq, manorial pay- 
ments due to and from, 263, 264. 

Michelboume family, Maiesfield, 150. 

Michelgrove, Glapham, early residence 
oftheShelleys, 145. 

Miohelham Priory, founder and endow- 
ments of, 41. 238. Title of its Forest 
Grant, 43. See 44. 107. 235. 

MicheU, Henry, 165. iSm Mitchell. 

MicheU, John, 217. 

Middleton, Edward, and colleagues, in- 

Siisition taken before, 224. 
dleton, Mr, incumbent of Maresfield, 
159. 

Midmore, Edward, 134. 

Midmore, or My^or, Ellas, Ellis, or 
Ellys, "dominus manerii de Birch 
Parke," 217. 224. 228. 234. 

Midmore, John, son of Bichard, bequest 
to poor of Eastbourne by, 184. 

BOdmore, Bichard, 134. 224. 

Midmore, William, lord of Birch Park, 
Ohiddingly. 217. 

Midmore family, former note of the, 233. 

Midmore, old Hastings family name, 86. 

Mileward, Bichard, ship*8 constable, 
Hastings. 70. Short note on the 
Milewards, i^, n 21. See Milward. 

Milham, Joseph and James, inscription, 
256. 

Millard, Peter and his oollesgue, church- 
wardens, Maresfield, purport of bond 
given to, 152. 

Miller and his mill, valued together, 
210, 211. 

Miller fiunUy, Ohiddingly, local status 
of the, 230. Subsidy assessment of 
Bichard Miller, temp, Chas. I, Qrid^ 
Suit in which Humphrey Miller was 
party, 235. "The late Miller^s land 
at Muddles Green,*' 238. Parish 
register entries, 246. Mortuary In- 
scriptions, 257. 

Mills, Richard, " Jurate of the ancient 
towne of Rye," 95. 

Milton manor, payment due to Endele- 
newick Bailiwick from, 264. 

Milward family, in Ghiddingly parish 
Registers, 246. 

Milward, Agnes, maternal ancestor of 
the Jefferays, of Ghiddingly, 218, 219. 
Brass inscription to her and her hus- 
band, 241. 



Milward, Edward, of St. Olementa, Hast- 
ings, 233. 

Milward, two other Edwaids, Oinque 
Ports paraphernalia of, Ref» xii. 

Milward, Mr, land in Ebuitings held by, 
88, «Mto. 

Milward fiunily, last representatiTe and 
pedigree of, 218. See Mileward. 

Milward v. Thatcher, point decided in 
the case of; 72, fi28. 

Minnis Rock, Hastings, 67. 69. 

Mitchell, Henry, rector of Maresfield, 
narrative of the death of two lovers by, 
148. Vents his indignation in Latin, 
156. His note on Parsons Mawdesley 
and Lawder, 160. Short memoir of 
him, 165. His burial place, 166. 

Monboucher, Sir Bertram, kt, manors 
granted to, 112. Table of descents 
firom him, 113. 

Monke, John, " dette which he did owe 
to the church," 165. Note of his will, 
170. 

Montague, Anthony Brown, Viscount, 
85. Book dedicated by Anthony Cop- 
ley to him, 264. 

Montague, Sir Edward, afterwards Lord, 
and his wife, Elisabeth, heiress of Sir 
John Jefferay, 217. 224. His ancestry, 
225. Monumental effigies of bot&, 
242. His portrait at Eimbolton, itnd^ 
note. Possible origin of a "Cheese** 
story, 243. 

Montague, Richard, rector of Petworth, 
afterwards Bishop of Chichester, 23. 

Montague, Walter, election of, at dicta- 
tion of Lord Warden, refused by the 
men of Hastings, 101, n 55. 

Monte Acuta, John de, claims the pa- 
tronage of Ghiddingly, 236. 

Moody, Robert, master of the Godel^yte, 
Hastings, 71. 

Moore, Henry, point established on claim 
of fiiaedom of Hastings by, 72. Passage 
referred to on the occasion, 75, n 32. 

Moore, Miss, Maresfield, 165. 

Moore, Samuel, Lord Warden's nominee 
for Hastings, 101. 

Moor*s Hill Farm, and Endelenewick 
Bailiwick, 263. 

Morehouse, Isted family settled at, 102. 

Moreton, Earl of, starved out of his pos- 
sessions by William Rufus, 40. Manor 
of Bourne held by him, 120, 121. 
Ghiddingly part of his possessions, 
210. 

Morl^, William de, reference to marriage 
contract of, 182. 

Morley, John, co< grantee of oertain^Sus- 
sex manors, 115. 

Morley, William, and colleagues, Inqui- 
sition taken before, 224. 



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IKDEX* 



293 



HonrU, Jftinee, trade token of, 265. 
MoryB, Bobert, " Beneyolenoe " oontri- 

bution of, 82. 
Muddles Green, Ghiddingly, 216. 
MuUward, Alan de, eubsidy oontribution 

of, 24. 
Murdin'8 " State Papers,^ extract from, 

107. 
Mychell, William, Hastings, 98. 
Mydmor. iSssMidmore. 
Hynge, John, Jurat, Hastings, 72, n 25. 
MjoinewB, The, Hastings, allocation of 

the purchase money o^ 88. 

N. 

N. M.'s "maide," burial entry of, 247. 
Nairn, Richard, note by, on the mutila- 
tion of All Saints Register, 203. 
Napoleon, preparations for threatened 

inyasion by, 68. 
Nash Street Hamlet, and Nash Street 

Lands, Ghiddingly, 218. 289. Nashes, 

221. 
Nasse, Badoatte, subsidy assessment of, 

212. Locality identified with the 

name, 218. 
National School, Maresfield, funds for 

support of, 164. 
Neel, Robert, Chancellor, of Chichester, 

248. 
Nesbitt, Arnold, Esq, M.P, inscription, 

259. 
Netherfield hnndred, 116, n 98. 
Netherin manor, Eastbourne, 128. 
Newbridge, Ashdown Forest, 51. 
Newcastle, Thomas Holies, Duke of, 217. 
Newdigate, Thomas, St. Anne*8 House, 

Lewes, husband of Charitie French, 

229. 
New England, ol)ject of interest to, 107. 

One of its first settlers, 221. 
Newgate, Hastings, 81. 
New Qroye, residence of the De Aulas, 

20. 
Newington fiunily, in Chiddingly register, 

246. 
Newington's Land, 239. 
Newland, part of Thomas Jefferay's pos- 
sessions, 221. 
New Lodge, Ashdown Forest, 50. 
Newman, Thomas, vicar of Eastbourne, 

130. 
Newnham, John, litigant in fv Ashdown 

Forest rights, 52. His heiress, 145. 
Newnham, Lewis, burial entry of, 157. 
Newnham, William, forest land pur- 
chased by, 145. The *' Stretehouse** 

erected by him, 147. 
New Romney, rate-book of, Mep, ziii. 
New Shoreham Church, collection at 

Maresfield for, 154. 



Nicholas, Pope, yaluation of Chiddingly 
in the Taxatio Eoclesiastica of, 286. 

Nichols, John Qough, F.S.A, error 
corrected by, 7. 

Nichols* Collect. Top. et Qen, marriage 
contract printed in, 182. 

Nichols' Literary Anecdotes, reference 
to, 165. 

Ninfield,116,n98. 140, 

Noakes, (George, inscription Chiddingly, 
254. 

Noakes, Mr. James, churchwarden, Chid- 
dingly, 252. Copies of Chiddingly 
inscriptions contributed by him, 258 
—258. 

Noble, Captain William, residence at 
Maresfield of, 146. 

Noch, ThoB. le, subsidy assessment of; 
212. 

Noke, Thomas, " BeneTOlence" contri- 
bution of, 82. 

None Return for Maresfield, 167. 

Nome Roll, war list of Hastings freemen 
from, 71. 

Norman, John, Ashdown Forest and 
Maresfield, 48. 156. His legacies to 
Maresfield Church and poor. 

Norman, Richard, Ashdown Forest and 
Maresfield, 48. 151. 

Norman, Thomas, Maresfield, 162. 170. 

Norman, William, Ashdown Forest, 44. 

Normandy, voyage of Henry I. to, 121. 
Norman architectural remains, 66. 
117. 

Norman-French manuscript, translation 
of a, by W. D. Cooper, F.S.A, 182. 

Northampton, Henry Earl of. Lord 
Warden, purport of commission issued 
by, 29 note. Sussex property held by 
the third, fifth, and seventh Earls, 
122 

Northiam,100.112, n78. 

Northumberland household book, draw- 
ings and details from the, 6. Quote, 12. 

Norwood, Francis, Titus Otos indicted 
for peijury by, 80. 

Nutley or Nottley, ancient free chapel of, 
46. 140. 169. modem church for the 
district 189. derivation of ** Nutley," 
ihid. probable fote of the Nottley 
Chalice, 155. See 60. 157. 

Nutt, Mr, Maresfield, house built by, 147. 
How Marshalls came to him, i^i^. His 
marriage entry, 150, See Marshalls. 

Nutterell, Thomas, Maresfield, burial 
entry of, 147. 



Oakenden House, Cuckfield, Maresfield 

record from, 158. 
Oates, Titus, See Otes. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



294 



no>Ex. 



O'Brien, Ctoorge, Earl of Egremont, 6. 

Odiame family, insoriptions, 259. 

Odin, war title of, 117. 

Old Court Manor, 215. 

Oldfield, Henry George, charter formerly 
possestied by, 67, n 8. 

Oldfield, Thomas, rector of Maresfield, 
159. Form observed on his induction, 
162. Period of his ejection, 163. Ko 
account of his death, 167. 

Oldland, inference from remains found 
at, 88. 158. 

Old Lodge, Ashdown Forest, 48. 

Old Mill Lands, Chiddingly, 288. 

Old Sussex Habvest Custom, de- 
scribed by Aldn. James Bock, junr, 
186—188. 

Oliver, J, armorial bearings at Petworth 
painted by, 9. 

Olyve, Sackvyle, tomb at Maresfield to 
the memory of, 150. 

Onstye, Thomas, manor in Chiddingly 
held by, 217. 

Orford, Lord, on Petworth park and gar- 
dens, 15. 

Ormerod's Cheshire, referenoes to, 118, 
nates 80. 85. 

Ortelans, French, 125. 

Osborne, Robert, Hastings, 96. 

Osmunda regalis, Ashdown Forest, 40. 

Otes, or Oates, Titus, Francis Norwood's 
indictment against, 80. Claims privi- 
lege as freeman of Hastings, iHd, 
Engraved portraits of him, Bep, ziv. 

Otham, See Otteham. 

Otryngham, John, Maresfield, memoran- 
dum signed by, 154. 

Otteham Abbey, or Priory, 125. 286. The 
Prior and Convent, 283. 285. 

Ouse River, changes in the flow of, 211, 
«7. 

Ouse Dale, oo. Stafford, 221. 

Oversden Manor, Suffolk, 184, 185. 

Owen's ** Footfalls on the Boundary of 
another Worid," 82. 

Oxemers, Walt, de, subsidy assessment 
of, 212. 

Oxenbridge family, 265. John Oxen- 
bridge, ejected Fellow of Eton College, 
266. 

Oxenden, Sir Henry, Streame, Chid- 
dingly, purchased by, 229. 

P. 

Packyngton, Sir John, Bart, co-trustee of 
lands in Ashdown Forest, 54. 

Padgham family, inscription, 260. 

Pagden family, inscription, 255. 

Page, Elizabeth, inscriptions, 268. 

Palm Sunday penances, St. Clements, 
Hastings, 202. 

Palmer, old Hastings family name, 86. 



Palmer, Thomas, Jurat, Hastings, sob* 
scriber to pier repairs, 90. 

Palm-Tree House, Hastings, land ad- 
joining, 97. House too far gone for 
repairs, 98. 

Pankhurst, John and Susannah, inscrip- 
tion, 255. 

Parish Registers, extracts from, See 
Chiddingly, Eastbourne, Hastings, 
Maresfield, Petworth. 

Park Farm, Chiddingly, 238. 

Park House, Maresfield, described, 145. 
The older house called <'the Park," 
146. 

Parker, Jonathan, B.A, vicar of Bast- 
bourne, 130. 

Parker, Mr, who " unconscionatly keep- 
eth" the poor widows' money, 184. 

Parker, Thomas, of Ratton, husband of 
EUza Selwyn, 122. 

Parker, Sir Thomas, preferred before the 
Lord Warden's nominee as M.P. for 
Hastings, 101, n 55. 

Parker, Thomas and Selwine, subsidy 
assessments of; 124. 

Parker, Timothy, rector of East Hoathly, 
Chiddingly Church inspected by, 237. 

Parker, Sir Walter, estate bequeathed by, 
122. 

Parkes, Frances, inscription, 255. 

Parliament of the Commonwealth, clergy 
ejected by the, 221. iSto Chichester. 

Parr, Queen Catherine, oircumsiaiioe 
which accelerated the death of, 167. 
Her daughter by Lord Thomas Sey- 
mour, iHd. Her " Lamentations of a 
Sinner," Bep, xii. 

Parsons, Fanny G, inscription, 260. 

Passelegh, Robert and Edward de, deed 
witnessed by, 112. 

Patcham, John Jefferay's bequest of; 219, 
«28. 

Paxhill and its neighbourhood, refsreaoe 
to a paper on, 137. 

Pay, Elisabeth, inscription, 261. 

Payne, Edward, commissioner, Ashdown 
Forest, 59. 

Payne, James, resting place for the poor 
over the grave of, 134. 

Payne, John, Plawhatch, Ashdown 
Forest, 44. "Old Payne," 44. Pa- 
triarch of his fEunily : state observed 
by one of his descendants, 45. 

Payne, John, Eastbourne, "benevo- 
lence '* contribution of, 123. 

Payne, Nicholas, Rector of Maresfield, 
159. Short notice of him and his wlft 
Arable. 161. 

Peacock, John, baptismal entry of the 
son of, 48. 

Peakdean, Eastdean, manorial payment 
chaiged on lands in, 264. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



IKDEX. 



295 



Peaks branoh of the Jefferay HEtmily, 
220—222. Bemaios of their family 
seat, 227. Stanza of a song relating 
to same, 228. Peaks Farm, 213. 238. 
See Peke. 

Peasmarsh, 112, n 73. 

Peckham, John, party to a Ohiddingly 
suit, 235. 

Peckham, William, of Laughton, 222. 
227. His desoendant William Peck- 
ham, of Arches, 228. 

Pedigrees: Perci. 3. Monboucher and 
Harbotell, 13. Randolph, 114. Weekes, 
116. Milward,218. 

Peersy, John, trade token of, 265. 

Peiroe, John, inscription, 261. 

Peke, Bob. de, subsidy assessment of, 
212. Locality identified with his 
name, 213. 

Pelham, Edward and Thomas, legatees 
under Tho. Jefferay's will, 221. 

Pelham, Edward, M.P. for Hastings, 
107. 

Pelham, Edmund, of Gray*8 Inn, after- 
wards Chief Baron of the Iri^ Ex- 
chequer, 107. Consequence of his 
" boldness and offence " on a certain 
occasion, vHd, note. 

Pelham, Bt Hon. Henry, owner of 
Birches, Chiddingly, 217. State of his 
windows in Chiddingly Church, 237. 

Pelham, Herbert, son of Edmund, 
student of Gray's Inn, 107. His son 
Herbert's career in Massachusetts, 
ibid. 

Pelham, Herbert, and colleagues. Inqui- 
sition taken before, 224. 

Pelham, John, charged with waste in 
Ashdown Forest, 50. 

Pelham, John, Lord of the Manor of 
Laughton, 235. 

Pelham, Sir John, commissioner. Ash- 
down Forest, 59. Payment to his man 
for fox heads, 247. 

Pelham, Dame Judith, suit in which she 
was defendant, 235. 

Pelham, Lord, Highlands, Chiddingly, 
238. 

Pelham, William, Esq, convejrance of 
Chiddingly by, 217. Lord of the 
Manor of Laughton and builder of 
Laughton Place, 234. 

Pelham &mily, 101. 208. Pelham buc- 
kle, 107. 239. 

Pelham Crescent, Hastings, as it was in 
1810, drawing of, Jiep, xii. 

Pellatt, Thomas, married, 150. Family 
of which he was a scion, ibid» 

Pellatt^ William, Commissioner of Ash- 
down Forest, 59. 

Pellmg, Peter and Frances, inscription, 
254. 



Pembroke, Earl of, Master of the Qame, 
Ashdown Forest, 49. 

Penhurst, 140. 

Pensegill, Bichard and William, " bene- 
▼olence " contributions of, 82. 

Peper, Mary, cost of burial shirt of, 132. 

Pepsham, a limit of the Hue and Cry, 
110. 

Perching property purchased by Michael 
Poynings, 184. 

Perci, Algernon, 10th Earl of Northum- 
berland, oak planted to commemorate 
the first marriage of, 16. His burial 
place, 17. 

Perci, Elizabeth, Baroness, afterwards 
Duchess of Somerset, married three 
times before completing her 16th year, 
4. Allegorical paintings commemora- 
tive of her, 10. 

Perci, Henry de, first Baron of Alnwick, 
and Lord of Petworth, license to em- 
battle granted to, 5. 

Perci, Henry (Hotspur's father), first 
Earl of Northumberland, forfeiture and 
re-grant of the estates of, 4. Portion 
not restored, 16. 

Perci, Henry Algernon, 5th Earl of Nor- 
thumberland, princely style of living 
of, 6, note, 

Perci, Henry, 8th Earl of Northumber- 
land, Petworth House enlarged and re- 
paired by, 6. Memorandum of same 
in the parish register, 7. 

Perci, Henry, 9th Earl, character and 
tastes of, 8. His plans for rebuilding 
Petworth, and cause of their frustra- 
tion, ibid. His place of interment, 17. 

Perci, Josceline, 11th Earl, the last of 
the Percies, 4. 9. 17. 

Perci, William de, why called Algernon, 
2. His descendants, 3. 

Percy, Sir Thomas, executed for high 
treason, 113. How he avoided the for- 
feiture of his estates, 114. 

Perrylandin Hellingly, 228. 

Perse, Thomas, marries Faintnot Een- 
narde, 246. 

Peter, vicar of Eastbourne, 129. 

Peterborough, a bishopric forced on the 
Abbot of, 120. 

Petty, Thomas, co-plaintiff in a Chid- 
dingly dispute, 234. 

Pettyt, John, gifts handed over to Mares- 
field by, 155. 

Petworth, byBoger Turner, M.D. Its 
description, valuation, and appurten- 
ances in early times, 1. Comes into 
possession of the Percies, 2. Hotspur 
relic at Petworth House, 4. Entry of 
the Wyndhams on the property, 4, 5. 
Jurisdiction of Petworth lordship, 5. 
Probable site of the first house or castle 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



296 



INDEX. 



of the PeroieB, 5, 6. Slle and extent 
of its Buooessor: magnitude of the 
stables, 6, 7. Visit of Edward YI: 
his actual host on the oooasion, 7, 
8. The beer oellare and poetic tri- 
bute to their contents, 8. Plans of the 
9th Earl Percy, and cause of their frus- 
tration, iind. Building of the present 
house, 9. Boom decorated with carvings 
by Grinling Gibbons, and Horace Wal- 
pole*8 eulogium thereon, 10. Carvings 
and career of J. Kitson, his successor, 
1 1 . Collection of paintings and sculp- 
ture, 12. The illuminated Chaucer 
manuscript, 12, 18. Piece of embroi- 
dery, 18. Petworth Town in Leland's 
days, 18, 14. Badness of its roads, 
how taken advantage of by a suspected 
Perci, 14. Difficulties of a royal jour- 
n^ thither 160 years ago, 14, 15. The 
King of Spain at his meals there, 15, 
16. "TheCecn Oak,"16. The Rec- 
tory, its changes of ownership and 
value, 16, 17. The church and its 
monuments, 17, 18. House of the 
Dawtreys, 18. Leland thereon, and on 
the Dawtrey family and its posses- 
sions, 19. The Daintily gable, 20. 
Charities of the town, 20, 21, 22. Qro- 
tesque decorations of house anciently 
the Crown Inn, 22. Town improve- 
ments efifooted by Lords Egremont and 
Leoonfleld, 22, 2S, Eminent incum- 
bents, 28, 24. NonsD return (1845) 24. 

« Petye " (Pity) " O^ Lady " of, 219. 

Pevensel, or Ashdown, Forest of: See 
Ashdown Forest 

Pevensey, origin andvarious forms of the 
word, 89. Ships belonging to, 86. Its 
payment to Bichard Lyffe, M.P, 101. 
Legacy to its poor, 221. Suits in 
which its bailiffs were defendants, 
284. See 70, n 21. 120. 124, n 18. 125. 
218. 

Pevensey, Castle and Honor of, 88. 40, 41, 
42. 46. Engraving of the castle, Jlep. 
xiv. 

Pevensey Custumal, 80. 

Pevensey Bape, 50. Intended place of 
reAige for its resident gentry, 68. See 
207. 210. 

Phillips, John, Esq, information com- 
municated by. 111, n 66. Member of 
local committee for Hastings temporary 
museum, Eep, xii. 

Philosophical transactions, extract from 
Dr. Frewen's letter in the, 192, note. 

Picas, James, Ashdown Forest, 44. 

Piekes Land, Chiddingly, 289. 

Pick-Hill, one of the Chiddingly Seven 
Hills, 207. Meaning of the word, 
210. 



Picknell, Mr, Jon, oontribntioiia to 
Hastings temporary museum by, .Rep. 

XIV. 

Pigott, Bev. S. B, result of excavation 

sanctioned by, 117. 
Pig*8 Easter Bridge, 210, note. 
Pike, Pipe, or Fyke, Mr, Beotor of Mares- 
field, 159. Absence of informatloa 

regarding him, 163. 167. 
Pilbeam family, inscriptions, 245. 
Pilgrim fathers, record of snpematoral 

events among the, 88. 
Piltdown Common, Ashdown Forest, 58. 
Pink, William, Nash Street, Chiddingly, 

289. Inscription to him and his wife, 

257. 
Pipe, Mr, See Pike. 
Pipe Bolls, mention of Hastings in the 

earliest of the, 70. 
Pippingford, former possessors of, 46. 

145. Pippingford Walk, 48. Lodge, 

50, 51. Warren, 189. 
Pitoher, Alice, wife of Bartholomew 

Jefiferay, 220. 
Pitman, Bev. Thomas, M.A, vicar of 

Eastbourne, 180. 
Pitt, William, Esq, 266. 
Pity, See Petye. 
Place Farm, Chiddingly, 239. 
Plague, ravages of the, 158, 154. 196, 

197. See Hastings parishes. 
** Planet,'* local signification of am<»ig 

East Sussex fishermen, 189. 
Flaw Hatoh, East Grinstead, 44. 49. 
Playsted, John, bailiff of Pevensey, 234. 
Plnche, WilL ater, subsidy assessment 

of, 212. 
Plummer, Elisabeth, widow of John, 

116. 
Plummer, Henry, commissioner, Ash- 
down Forest, 59. 
Plummer, John, ironmaster, MarM- 

field, 159. 
Pooox Farm, charged with donation to 

poor widows of Eastbourne, 185. 
Pope, Nicholas, Ashdown Forest, 44. 
Pope of Hendall, in Maresfield Begister, 

149. 
Poppe, Thomas, ** benevolence ** con- 
tribution of, 82. 
Popple, Messrs, customary payment 

charged on lands of, 264, 
Porter, Avis, marriage entry of, 246. 
Porter, George, Jurat of Hastings, 100. 
Porter, Bichard, appropriation of money 

paid by, 88. 
Portolade, See Portus Adumi. 
Portsmouth. 98. Port of departure for 

Henry 1, 121. 
Portus Adumi (Portslade^ Boman road 

from, 176. Course of the road or via, 

177, 178. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



INDEX. 



297 



PoBsingwoiih, 209. Maigar. de Posynge- 
worth's subsidy asseBsmeniy 212. Her 
extraotioii, 213, 

Posthumus, coin of, found, 125. 

Posyng, Hen. de, 212. 

Potatoes, first introducer of, into the 
Ghiddingly district, 261. 

Pott*e, Miche and Rado le, subsidy as- 
sessments of, 212. 

Potter, James, sues for parson Eades' 
legacy, 251. 

Pouget, M, architect, old public build- 
ing in London ascribed to, 9. 

Powell, Bev. W, M.A, recognition of the 
exertions of, Rep, ix. 

Poynings, Michael de, provision made 
on his sister's marriage by, 188, 184. 
Ghiddingly manor held by him, 216. 

Praty, Bishop, on destruction of Hast- 
ings parishes by the sea, 70. 

Praty, tfohn, keeper, Ashdown Forest, 48. 

Praty, John and Thomas, suit in which 
they were plaintiffs, 284. 

Prediaux, John, vicar of Eastbourne, 
129. 

Presbyterians, one family of, at Ghid- 
dingly, 237. 

Preston, near Brighton, the Shirleys of, 
232. 

Preston, M^jor, his dragoooB at Hast- 
ings, 203. 

Prestridge Bank, Ashdown Forest, 49. 

Pretty, Richard, defendant in a Ghid- 
dingly suit, 235. 

Price, John, cliaplain to Gen. Monk, 
and rector of Petworth, 24. 

Prickett's Hatch in Maresfield, 49. 

Priories and Abbeys, t&e Guisborough, 
Lewes, Bobertsbridge. See Abbeys. 

Privy Gouncil procMdings relative to 
Hastings Pier repairs, 93, 94. 

Protestants in Lreland aod France, col- 
lections at Maresfield for, 154. See 
Algiers. 

Prout, Samuel, the artist, drawing of 
Hastings houses by, 107. Bep, xiv. 

Purceglove, "an iii^nious engineer,** 
result of excavations by, 126. 

'< Purchase," the, Ghiddingly, 289. 

Putter, John, early incumbent of Ghid- 
dingly, 248. 

Pyke, the, part of the Jeflferay posses- 
sions, 221. 

Pyme, Thomas, co-defendant in a Ghid- 
dingly suit, 284. 

Q. 

Quaife, Thomas and Mary, inscription, 
257. 

** Queeve," an East Sussex word, mean- 
ing of, 189. 

XIV. 



Queen-standing Hill, Ashdown Forest, 

60. 
Quern found, 177. 



B. B, burial entry of '* a maide " of, 247. 

Rabbet, John, paid for a *'lox-hed," 
247. 

Badmill manor, payment due to En- 
delenewick manor from, 263. 

Rainolds, Thomas, brings Granhalls, 
the *' Dutch ingener,'* to Hastings, 91. 
His services in regard to projected 
pier repairs, 98, 94. Lands in Hast- 
ings held in 1656 by Mr. Rainolds, 
108. 

Raleigh and the Arabella Stuart plot, 
264. 

Ralph, land in Ghiddingly held by, 210. 

Ramelie, manor of, 67. 

Ramsbeach, Ghiddingly, 288. 

Randolph, Barnard, his two wives, and 
his descendants, 114. 

Ratcliffe, William, master gunner, 80, 
note. 

Ratton, or Wratton, 122. 

Rawdeland, manor of Gensing, 69. n 
12. 

Raynard, Thomas, Maresfield, 156. 168. 
169. 

Reade, Bishop, license for non-residence 
granted by, 159. 

Reade, Faith, wife of Rev. H. Mitchell, 
number of her children, 166. 

Rede, Hen. le, and John ater, subsidy 
assessments of, 212. 

Rede, William, GhanceUor of Ghiohes- 
ter, 248. 

Rede's Register, in re St Leonard's, 
Hastings, 70. 

Redford, near Wiggenholt, coins found 
at, 37, note. 

Redyngebregge, Joh. de, subsidy as- 
sessment of, 212. 

Reed, Ann, inscription, 256. 

Reed, John, " nr ye Dicker," 288. 

Reeve, Thomas, co-grantee of Ghidding- 
ly tithes, 286. 

Reeves, Mr. Robert, land in Ghiddingly 
held by, 229. 

Registers, tee Parish Registers. 

Regies, one, Hastings, 97. 

Relf, William, of Ore, projector of re- 
pairs to Hastings pier, 85. 

Relf 's Land, near Whitesmith, 238. 

Relphe, Relfe, or Bofe family, Mares- 
fiel4 notices of the, 147. 148. 150. 
Melancholy story of Mary Relfe and 
her lover, 148. 

Rene, Tho. le, subsidy assessment (^ 
212. 

2p 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



298 



INDEX. 



Benn, Edmond, subfiidy aasessment of, 

124. 
Benyell, Williain, inscription, 257. 
Beret, Willoif oo-grantee of Chid- 

dingiy tithes, 236. 
Beynoldfi, WiUm, Chiddingly, 239. 
Eichard II, MS license under great 

seal of; Bep, xiii. 
Bichard III, grant of the forfeited 

Gheyney estate by, 81. 
Bichards, Rev. Thomas, vicar of Ickle- 

sham, and daughter, inscriptions, 259. 
Bichardson, Richard, incumbent of 

Maresfield, 159. 
Richmond, John of Britanny, Earl of, 

111. 112. grant of the earldom to 

John of Gaunt, 42. His surrender of 

the title, 157. 
Bichmond, honor of, 112. 114. 
Bickman^s census report 191. 192. 198. 

194. 
Bidge, Margaret, wife of Edmond and 

mother of Philip Henslowe, 82. 
Bingmer, 161. Property in the parish 

charged with annuity to Maresfield, 

1 64. Jefferay monument in the church, 

222. 
Bipe, See Rype. 
Bitch, the, a tributary of the Ouse, 211, 

«.7. 
Bitson, Jonathan, the self-taught Fet- 

worUi carver, carvings by, 10. His 

character, career and death, 11. 
Bivers, Sir George, co-vendor of Chid- 

dingly rectory, 237. 
Bives, Dr. King's advocate, liberality of, 

94. 
Bivett, Robert, incumbent of Maresfield, 

159. His induction and resignation, 

166. His wife and her monument, iJbid. 
Roberts, George, Chiddingly, 217. 
Roberts, John, inscription, 253. 
Robertsbridge, 100. 113 n 82. Manor 

in Chiddiogly held by the abbot, 214. 
Bobinson, Mr, contributions to Hastings 

temporary museum by, Bep. xiv. 
Bochester, Ralph Bishop of, translated 

to Canterbury, 120. His vacant see 

forced on his successor, ibid. 
Bofe, See Belphe. 
Rogers, Mrs. Philadelphia, treaty for 

house of, 134. 
Rock, James, Esq, jun, alderman, on old 

Sussex harvest custom, and pecu- 
liarities of speech in use at Hastings, 

186—190. His services connected 

with the Hastings temporary museum, 

Rep. xii. 
Rock, James, Esq, sen, contribution to 

temporary museum by, Bep, xiv. 
Roman carpentry, no veneering in, 177, 

Twte, 



IU>man pavement and bath discorered al 

Eastbourne, 125, 126. 
Roman Remains at Hurat-pierpmK 
and Danny, by B. W. Blenoowe, Esq. 

176. Discovery at Ham fiana« ]7t>. 

177. point cleared np by it, 177. 
Habits of the Bomans as Indicsktod ly 
their buildings, 180, 181. - 

Rome's seven hills paralleled, 207. 

Bomney, See new Romney. 

Romney, Lord, husband of Sir CloiMks- 
ley Shovel's daughter, 110. 

Roos, William, Baron de, aoqnirea the 
manor of Borne, 121. Cause of 
Thomas Baron de Roos's deprivatigQ 
of same, ibid. 

Bootes, John, gentleman, 44. M"arahaJ of 
Ashdown Forest, 47. 

Bootes, or Rutes fiunily, Maresfield, 146. 
147. Thomas Bootes, 162. William 
Boots, 169. Nicholas Bootes oo-pur- 
chaser of Chiddingly rectory, 237. 

Boses, wars of the, consequences to the 
Cheyneys of the, 81. 

Bosette, le, ship of Hastings, 70. 

Boss, Thomas, Esq, mayor of Hastings, 
Excavations made at Bulverhlthe by, 
117. His services in the fonnation 
of the temporary museum. Rep. 
xii. His contributions to the.same, 
ibid xiii. 

Boss, Thomas, jun, sketch *of old house 
by, 107. His contributions to Hast- 
ings temporary museum. Rep. xiv. 

Bosswell, Elisabeth and son, inscription, 
254. 

Botherfield, collection at Maresfield for 
fire at, 154. 

Bowes, Thomas, Hastings, 98. 

Bowfie, Matthew ) defendants in Chid- 

Bowse, William ) dingiy suits, 235. 

Boyal Society, paper on Eastbourne ex- 
cavations communicated by Dr. Tabor 
to the, 125. 

Royalist party, reprisals of their oppo- 
nents on the, 163. 

Bubie, Mr, of Bye, contribution to tem- 
porary museum by, Bep. xiv. 

Buddach, Charles, Maresfield bells recast 
by, 144. 

Bussel, Dr. Bichard, of Brighthelmston, 
probably the *' good Sir Bussel" men* 
tioned in Mary Sergison's rhymed 
epistle, 266. 

Bussell, Charlotte, and John Clifibrd, 
inscriptions, 255. 

Bussell, Edward, Chiddingly, 238. 

Russell, John, Eastbourne, "benevo- 
lence'' and subsidy contributions of, 
123, 124. 

Bussell, John, defendant in a Chid- 
dingly suit, 234. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



INDEX. 



299 



Busaell, Rev. Whitworth, M.A, incttm- 

bent, Chiddingly, 248. 
RuBtingtoD, Dear Littlehampton, " Holy- 

brade" lands in, 155, 156. 
Rutland, origin of the Earls and Dukes 

of, 121. 
Ryche, Thomas, Eastbourne, " Benevo- 

lence" contribution of, 123. 
Rye, Chartulary exhibited at meeting 
at, 67. Account of lastage, 70. Copy 
of Hastings custumal among its re- 
cords, 72—80. Work in which its 
own custumal is printed, 80. Number 
of ships at certain dates, 86, 87, notM. 
Ship return sent to the town by the 
Hastings Questmen, 95. Collection 
at Maresfield towards t^e church, 154. 
Kents of " Mounts*' due to the parish, 
156. Ravages of the plague in the 
town, 196. 197. Old seal of the town 
Bep. xiii Fortunate rescue of its 
original custumal, ihid xiv. See 
Spirits. 
Rygat,John, Jurat, Hastings, 90. - 
Rymer's Fcedera, document relating to 

Ashdown Forest in, 45. 
Rype, or Ripe, parish and manor of, 
207. 210. Its original name, 211, n 7. 
Domesday manor of same name, Und. 
A Bub-infeudation of Byrche manor, 
217. The Jefferays of Rype, 219. 219 
fiate. Thomas Jefferay's legacy to its 
poor, 221. Commitment of the bailiff 
of its court, 284. Payment to En- 
delenewick Bailiwick charged on the 
manor, 263. 

S. 

Sackvile, or Sackville, Andr* de, 214. 
Acquisition of Chiddingly by Sir An- 
drew, progenitor of the house of 
Dortet, 215. John Sackville*s will 
and bequests to the poor, 216. John, 
of Sedlescombe, and his daughter 
Anne, 229. 244. John Frederick 
Duke of Dorset, 216, 248. Lionel 
Duke of Dorset, 248. Sir Richard, 
grantee of Chiddingly tithes, 237. 
Thomas, Earl of Dorset, 268. A 
descendant of the Sackyilles, 101. 
See Sekevile. 

Saddlescombe and the Roman yia, 178. 

St. Audrew, Hastings, depopulated 
parish of, 70, 100, presentation to the 
church by King John, 70, note 16. 
burial of a suicide in its churchyard 
208. 

8t Anne, Hastings Ship, 70. 

St Anne*s, Lewes, the Bromfields of, 
116, 229. Mortuary inscription, 244. 

St Anne's House, Lewes, 229. 



St Augustine's works, Basle printed 
copy of, Rep, xii. 

St Bartholomew's church, Maresfield, 
142 — 142. Ancient painting of the 
Saint's martyrdom, 143, See Mares- 
field. 

St Clement's, Hastings ; date of erectioQ 
of the church, 67, Houses and lands 
in the parish, 68. 69. 97. 98. 107. 111. 
Out-parishes directed to contribute 
towards relief of its poor, 70. Stipen- 
diary in the church, 96. 99. " monu- 
ment brought out of one of ye Spanish 
shippes," 101. Rectory granted to 
Anthony Brown, 114, » 87, references 
to and extracts from its registers, 191. 
194. 196. 198. 199. 201.203. See 115, 

St. George's, Hastings, particulars re- 
lating to, 108. 

St John the Baptist, testamentary prayer 
for the mediation of, 216. 

St John's Common, Roman road at, 
177. 

St Lawrence, Kent, ejection, for non- 
conformity, of the incumbent of, 166. 
His death there, 167. 

St. Leger, John de, 112. 

St. Leonard's Forest, 35. 

St Leonard's depopulated parish, Hast- 
ings, 70. Earliest notices of presen- 
tations to the church, ibid^ and note. 
Its parson distrained on, 111. See 81. 
lU, note 115, 

St Margaret's, Hastings, 69. Parish de- 
populated, 70. Simon de Waltham 
presented to the church, ibid, note 16. 
Lands of Gensing in the parish, 111. 

St Mary in the castle, Hastings, chapel 
ruins in, 69. Directed to contribute 
to St. Clement's poor, 70. Levet's lands 
in the parish, 81. Grant of the ad« 
vowson, kc, 100. Drawings of the site 
of the church. Hep. xii. 

St Mary Magdalen, district in Hastings 
recently so named, 69. First trace of 
the name as an ancient parish, ibid. 

St Mary, connection of the name with 
Maresfield, 140. 

St. Mary the Virgin, Bulverhithe, 110. 
Earliest mention and last remnants of 
the church, 117, 118. Hep. xiii. 

St Mary the Virgin, Eastbourne, 128. 
See Eastbourne. 

St Mary the Virgin, testamentary peti- 
tions to, 216. 220. 

St Michael's, Hastings, depopulated 
parish, 70. Priory of St Michael, 
Hastings, 81. iS^0 112, n74. 

Saleherst, 140. 

Salerne's Chantry, Hastings, 96, 97, 98. 

Salmon's House, Hastings, engraving of, 
108. 

2p2 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



300 



INDEX. 



Salter, ThomAS, oreneer to John 
French's will, 228. 

Salter's Chantry, HastlngB, 96. 

Samian ware, found at Ohiddtngly, 208. 
Dug up on Swansoombe manor, Kent, 
JSep, ziii. 

Samworth, John, Baq, Hastingg property 
bought by, 88, note. 

Sandwich, one of the Cinqne Ports, 29, 
note. Work in which its custumal is 
printed, 80. Number of ships belong- 
ing to the port (1586), 86, note. 

Sandwich, Earls of, their ancestor, 225. 

Sare, Symon, parson of Orersden, 185. 

Saunders, Dr. Anthony, first master of 
the school founded by, 165. 

Saunders, Edmond, Hastings, proceed- 
ings participated in by, 90. 96. 

Savile, Nicholas, duty entrusted by Hast- 
ings Corporation to, 91. 93, 94. 

Saxbies, John, Ashdown Forest, 44. 
Varieties of Uie name in Maresfield re- 
gisters, 150. 

Saxon Chronicle, extent of Ashdown 
Forest according to the, 86. Disputed 
identity of " Bume,** in passage relat- 
ing to Henry I, 120. 

Saxon dwellers in Sussex, 178. 

Saye, Robert and his daughter Eleanor, 
222. 

Scandinavian Scalds, Bulver a name of 
one of the, 117, 

Scarborough fishery, half of, granted to- 
wards the repairs of Hastings pier, 88. 

Scarlett, Bei^amine, subsidy assessment 
of, 124. Lands held by the family, 
iHdf note. 

Scarpe, Thomas, Petworth, value of 
goods of, 24. 

Scotch, Hastings ship provided for the 
wars against the, 71. Levy for same 
purpose, 214. 

Scott, Sir Sibbald, Bart, postponement 
of paper by, Bep. xi. 

Scott, Sir Thomas, "olerke," "benevo- 
lence" contribution of, 82. Bent 
charge made by him, 97. 

Scott, Sir Walter, Waverley Chase, 50. 
His " Lonely Thorn," 61. 

Scott, Sir William, feoffee of Chiddingly 
manor, 217. 

Scraper's Hill, one of the Chiddingly 

Seven Hills, 207. 
* Seaford's contribution towards pajrment 
to Richard Lyffe, M.P, 101. Compo-. 
sition deed with Hastings, 1604, with 
seal, Sep. xiii. 

Sea Qate, Hastings, site of 81. 

Sea Houses, a sub-division of Eastbourne, 
119. Its neighbour, Beaohy Head, 185. 

Seal, bronze, found at Eastbourne, 137. 

Second sight^ remarkable case of, 33. 



Sedgers, part of the Nutt property, East- 
bourne, 158. 

Sedlesoombe, 112, n 73. 

Segar, Sir William, Garter King at anas, 
and his great granddaughter, 136, note, 

Sekeville, John, commissioner, Ashdown 
Forest, 51 

Selbome, see White. 

Selden, a disciple of Grinling Gibbons, 
burnt to death, 10. 

Selmeston, payment charged on land in, 
263. 

Selwyn, John, oo-purohaser of East^ 
bourne manors, 121. Manor occupied 
by him, 122. His son, Thomas, ihid. 

Semar, Constant, and Restore Weekes, 
married, 246. 

Semgwynea, part of Thomas Jefferay's 
possessions, 221. 

Seigison, liary, rhymed epistle to her 
sister from, 266, 267. 

Sessingham, Sussex, 209. 

Severus, coin of, dug up at Chiddinglj, 
208. 

Sewell, General, house atMaresfield built 
by, 145. WUliam Sewell, his &ther, 
ibid, 

Sewell, Thomas, incumbent of Mansfield, 
159. 

Seymour, Algernon, 7th Duke of Somer- 
set, 4. Algernon, 8th Duke, afterwards 
Baron Warkwoith, Earl of Northum- 
berland, Jbo, &0, ibid, 

Seymour, Charles, the "proud," Duke of 
Somerset, 4. Magnifioence of Petworth 
House, as built by him, 9. Revenues 
of endowment for poor widows founded 
by him, 21. 

Seymour, Lady Catherine, wife of Sir 
W. Wyndham, 4. 

Seymour, Lord, Chancellor of the Duchy 
of Lancaster, 54. 

Seymour, Lord Thomas, last husband of 
Queen Catherine Parr, 167. Efiiect of 
her grief at his exeoution, ibid, 

Sharpe, Mr, on the date of Eastbourne 
Church, 129 

Sharpes, or Sharpe, lands, Hastings, 99, 
100. 

Sharpey, Lawrence and John, 220. 

" Shawled," an East Sussex word, mean- 
ing of, 189. 

Sheffield manor, Sussex, peculisr privi- 
lege enjoyed by the lord of, 63. 

Shelf Land belonging to Burghill Farm, 
239. 

Shelley family in Maresfield. Judge Shel- 
ley, itomp. Hen. VIII, 145. House of Sir 
John VillierB Shelley, 145. Maresfield 
advowson bought by him, 146. Build- 
ings by him on the site of Strete House, 
147. Manor belonging to him» 157. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



INDEX. 



301 



SheQefe, John, will of; 169. 
Shepherd, Frederic, Esq, maDorial pay- 
ment charged on land of, 263. 
Shepherd, John, co-defendant in a Chid- 
dingly suit, 284. 

Shewsmith, name obnoxious to Parson 
Eades, 250. 

Shiilinglee, Henry, Earl of Arundel, a re- 
sident at, 8. 

Shiplake hundred, 207. Its extent, 210. 
ikndholders in the hundred, temp. 
Edw. U, 2U. 

Shirley, Anthony, of Preston, 114. 

Shirley, Drew, commissioner of Ash- 
down Forest, 59. Branch of the family 
of which he was the ancestor, 232. 
Memorial to his widow, ibid^ note. 
Notice of various members of the 
family, 233. See 246. 

Shirley, Evelyn Philip, Esq, H.P, 
'' Stemmata Shlrleiana," 238, note. 

Shirley, Henry, destruction by fire, on an 
unlucky day, of the house of, 146. 

Shoebridge, Alexander, commissioner of 
Ashdown Forest, 59. Appointed Sur- 
veyor to the commission, 60. 

Shoreham : registry entry of burial of a 
man slain by ** the enemy off Shoram," 
203. 

Shorter, late John G, Esq, and John 
Pitman Shorter, Esq, views by, 107, 
108. Bep. xiv. 

Shorter, Mrs, portrait (believed to be by 
Vandyke) exhibited by, Rep. xiv. 

Shoulder, Daniel, Eastbourne, registry 
entry relative to, 131. 

Shovel, Admiral Sir Oloudesley, and his 
moUier, local reminiscences o^ 109. 
Engraved portrait of the Admiral, 
Bep. xiv. 

Shoyswell hundred, 114, n 90. 

Shrewsbury, Robert Montgomerie, Barl 
of, holder of Petworth, temp. Domesday 
Book, 1. 

Shrewsbury, sword used by Hotspur at 
the battle of, 4. Consequences of tbe 
battle to the earl of Northumberland, 
16. 

Simmons, Sophia, inscription, Chid- 
dingly, 267. 

Simmons family, inscription, Icklesham, 
260. 

Simon, Henry, incumbent of Maresfield, 
159. 

Simon the medallist, masterpiece of, 
12^. xiv. 

Sinderford, part of the Jefieray posses- 
sions, 221. 

Sittingboume, Kent, not the "Bume" re- 
fenid to in the Saxon Chronicle, 120. 

Skelton Castle, Cleveland, condition con- 
nected with, in reference to Adam de 



Brus*s gift of, Kirkleavington (not 
Kirkledrington, as in text), 3,ji2. Its 
subsequent possessors, ibid, n 3. 

Skinner, Henry, co-defendant in a Chid- 
dingly suit, 235. 

Sloman, William, Hastings, 97. 

Smallpox in Hastings, 199, 200. 

Smith, or Smyth, Anthony, the Dyker 
leased to, 234. Suits to which he was 
a party, 235. 

Smith, Culling, of Hadley, Middx, and 
his daughter Lousia, 166. 

Smith, Horace, local allusions in a novel 
of, 139. 

Smith, John Russell, old book re^mb- 
lished by, 33 note. 

Smith, Margaret, n^ Thunder, inscrip- 
tion to memory of, 245. 

Smith, Robert^ land of, 239. 

Smith, Thomas, one of the ** customers" 
of London, 85. 

Smith, William, trade token of, 265. 

Smith family, inscriptions, 256. 

Smjrth, John, Hastings, 96. 

Snatchall, Richard, " a curious black- 
smith." cause of death of, 247. 

Smjrthson, Sir Hugh, descent of the earl- 
dom of Northumberland to, 4. Created 
Duke, 5. 

Snapper, Susan, account of the appear- 
ance of spirits to, 26 — 31. What she 
told George Tayler and Ann Tayler, 
31, 32. 

Somerset, Duke of; deputed to attend 
upon the King of Spain, 4, See Sey- 
mour. 

Sondes, Lord, property devolved on, 217. 

Soper, Richard, lougevity of, 247. In- 
scription to him and his wife, 255. 

Sops-and-ale custom, Eastbourne, 135. 

South-bourne, a subdivision of East- 
bourne, 119. " The Wish," 125. 

South Downs, 119 note. "The finest 
carpet in the world," 125. Result of 
excavations (1778), 126. Opening of 
a tumulus (1834), 127. Their most 
southerly summit, 135. 

South Heighton Church, present resting 
place of the font of, 245. 

South Mailing, settlement of a branch 
of the Jefferays at, 222. 

South Ward, Ashdown Forest, 44. 48. 
50. 

Southwark, object of brief sent to, 153. 

Southwell, Robert, the Jesuit, 264. 

Spaniards, result, of survey at East- 
bourne (temp. Q. Eliz ) anticipatory 
of an attack by the, 123. 

Speech, peculiarities of, in use at Hast- 
ings ; substitution of * v ' for ♦ w,' 188. 
"Queeved," "shawled," local signi- 
fication of ** planet," naturalization 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



302 



INDEX. 



of French words, 189. Part of Hast- 
ings in which old habits still linger, 
190. 

Speldhurst, antler foand at, 36. 

Spelman, Sir Henry, on the territorial 
meaning of ** honour," 41. 

Spencer, Oonstantia Domina de, requests 
a Don-residence license for a priest, 
159. 

Spencer, Mr. Joseph, contributions to 
Hastings temporary museum by, Rep. 
ziy. His services in arranging the 
museum, ibid. 

Spirits in Sussex, on the appearance 
of, by a. Ulade Butler, F.S.A, 25. 
Apparitions seen by Susan Snapper, 
26---^1. George Tayler^s deposition, 
31. The like of Ann Tayler al Ben- 
nett, 31, 32. Parallel between the 
above cases and some recently re- 
corded, 32. Views of the Poet Lau- 
reate, 33. Story of the apparition of 
Mr. Butler, M.P, 33, 34. 

Spiritual Magazine, seventeenth century 
parallel to cases reported in the, 32. 

Springett, or Springate, Ralph, incum- 
bent of Maresfield, 159. His origin, 
burial entry, &c, 161. 

Sprot, Stephen, shipmaster, Hastings, 70. 

Stace, old Ebuitings fiftmily name, 86. 

Stafford, Sir John, notice of marriage 
contract of, 182. 

Stanbynorth, old Hastings fiunily name, 
86. 

Standen, Richard and Thomas, " benevo- 
lence " contributions of, 82. Standens, 
97. 

Standin, T, Eastbourne, sum paid for 
church-bell ropes to, 131. 

Staples, Alexander, Ashdown Forest 
leased to, 56. 

Stapley, Richard, marriage entry, Mares- 
field, 150. 

State trials, references to, 70, note, 75, 
n33. 

Steoklose, Rado de, subsidy assessment 
of, 212. Locality identified with his 
name, 213. 

Stephen^s Lands, Hastings, 67. n 9. 

Stephens, Henry, Chiddingly, 239. 

Ster, Rob. le, subsidy assessment of, 
212. 

Sterne, Lawrence, book mentioned by. 
Rep, xiii. His friend "Eugenius," 
3, n3. 

Sternhold and Hopkins, a prototype of, 
252. Copy of their Psalms, Rep, 
xiil. 

Stevenson, John Hall, Sterne's ** Euge- 
nius," 3, n 3. 

Steyning, Courthouse in, 150. 

Stobart, Elisabeth, inscription, 259. 



Stoekhouse, John, husband of Mmmj 
Jefferay, 221, note. 

Stoke, John, incumbent, Chiddingly, 
248. 

Stollyon*s Lands at Warfoleton, 219. 

Stone Beach, Hastings, in grant of 
Queen Elizabeth, 99. 

Stone Hill, one of the Chiddingly seven 
hills, 207. House of the Elphioks, 
230. Stonehill Farm, 238. 

Stone House, St Clement's. Hastings, 
68. 

Stonestreet family, inscriptions, 261. 

Stonham, Lucy, inscription, 262. 

Storcky, William, incumbent of Chid- 
dingly, 248. His name in tiie " Cer- 
tificate of armour and furniture,** 249. 

Storer, Robert, churchwarden, Chid- 
dingly, 240. 

Storrington Church, collection at Mares- 
field for, 154. 

Story, Robert, M.A, Vicar of East- 
bourne, 129. 

Story's, Bishop, Register, 70. 

Stow, John, the annalist, statement by, 
80. 

Stratbolgi, David de, Earl of Athol, 8, 
n5. 

Streame, Chiddingly, ironworks, 207, 
note. Articles wrought there, 229. Old 
mill, 211. House of the Frenches, 
228. 229. Tithes at Streame, 237. 
Streame Farm, 239. 

Strete House, Maresfield, and its suc- 
cessor, 147. 

Stringer, Stand-fast-on-high, of Crow- 
hurst, 246. 

St(ro)de, Walter, atte, 214. 

Strong, name obnoxious to Pataon 
Eades, 250, 

Strood Farm, Chiddingly, 214, nil. 

Stroud Lands, Chiddmgly. 238. 

Strype's Annals, 264. 

Stuart, Arabella, plot relating to, 264. 

Stuokles and Stecklose, 213. Stuckica 
Land, 239. 

StuUao, Ric, subsidy assessment of; 
219. 

Stumblett, or Stumble Wood, 138. 145. 

Subsidies and Benevolences, 24. 81. 82. 
123. 124. 211.212.222.230. 

" Sun dyal," brazen, Maresfield, cost of 
the, 157. 

Sur, John Jacob, " the linguist," burial 
entry of, 244. 

Sussex chimneys, »ee Chimneys. 

Sussex, extract from " Complete History" 
of, 124, 125. 

Sussex Jury-list, preserved by Hume, 
246. 

Sutbby, William, Incumbent of Mares- 
field, 159. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



nSfDEX. 



303 



Sutton mftnor, Seaford, charge on, 263. 

Bwaine-mote, or Wood Court, Aahdown 
Forest, 51. 

Swan Lane, Hastings, 67. 

8 wane, Bd, paid for a ''gray's bed,** 
247. 

Swansoombe manor, Kent, Samian ware 
found at, Rep. xiii. 

Swaseland, Edward, commissioner of 
Ashdown Forest, 59. 

Sweetman, old Hastings fisunily name, 
86. 

Swete Telgh, Nicol at, subsidy assess- 
ment of, 212. 

Swon, Walt, le, subsidy assessment of, 
212. 

Sydney's '' Letters of State," allusion to 
Petworth in, 9. . 

Symkyn, Sir Bobert, parson of St. Cle* 
mentis, Hastings, '' benevolence" con- 
tribution of, 82. 

Syon Monastery, Brede once the property 
of, 68, note. 



Tabor, Dr, account of Boman pavement, 

bath, &o, by, 125, 126. 
Tanies manor in Bures, Suffolk, 184. 
Tapsell, Boger, bell cast by, 240. 
Tarring manor, customary payment 

charged on, 264. 
Tart's land at Swansbrook, 238. 
Taught, old Hastings family name, 86. 
Taxatio Ecclesiastica of Pope Nicholas, 

236. 
Tayler, Geoiige, Bye, 26. Entry of burial 

of his son and daughter, 30, natei 4 

and 5. His deposition concerning the 

spirits, 31. 
Taylor, Frances, wife of Simon S^ar, 

136, 
Taylor, John, *th'elder,* "benevo- 
lence" contribution of, 82. 
Taylor, John, ' a chapman,' burial entry 

of, 151. 
Taylor, Bev. John, Petworth, educational 

bequest of, 21. 
Taylor, Bichard, rector of Maresfield, 152. 

159. Notice of him, 161. His burial 

entry, 162. 
Tftylor, Bobert, rector of Maresfield, 155. 

159. Memorandum of his induction, 

160. Wills witnessed by him, 168, 
169. 

Taylor, Thomas, Eastbourne, subsidy as- 
sessment of, 124. 

Taylor, Thomas, Maresfield, 162. 

Tennyson, Alfred, poet Laureate, on the 
question of apparitions, 33. 

Tewkesbury, founder of a monastery at, 
25. Derivation of the name, 210. 



Thames, consequences of extreme drought 
upon the, 196. 

Thatcher family, notices of the, 265. 
266. 

Theodosius Magnus, gold coin of, washed 
up, 65. Simie exhibited. Rep, xiv. 

Thetcher, James, and colleagues, in- 
quisition taken before, 224. 

Thistlethwait, extinct Hastings feunily 
name, 86. 

Thomas, Bridget, of Ospringe, marriage 
entry of, 216. 

Thomas, Sir George, and F. F, Esq, 
owners of Friston, 122. reference to 
their pedigree, ibid, note, 

Thomas, William, " benevolence'* con- 
tribution of, 82. 

Thompson's Hospital, Petworth, present 
value of the revenues of, 21. 

Thorpe's edition of the Anglo-Saxon 
Chronicle, 120 and note 4. 

Thorpe, William, Chiddingly, 238. In- 
scription to another William, 255. 

Threele, Bobert, John Jeffery summoned 
to answer the complaints of, 85. 

Three Partridges, Hastings, tenement 
formerly the, 68. 

Thunder family, Chiddingly, head of the, 
temp, Edw. VI, 232. 

Thunder, Bichard, defendant in Chid- 
dingly suit, 235. 

Thunder,Thoma8, temp, Chas. I, subsidy 
assessment of, 230. 

Thunder, Thomas and William, mor- 
tuary inscription, 545. 

Thunder, William, reputed anabaptist, 
marriage entry of, 247. 

Thunder's Hill, one of the Chiddingly 
seven hills, 207. Seat of fiimily of the 
name, 232. Proportion of " church- 
yard marks" 238. 

Thurlow, Edward Lord, territorial 
source of title of, 185. 

Thurston, chaplain of Henry I, succeeds 
to the Archbishopric of York, 120. 

Ticeherst or Ticehurst, 112, iu7to. Bate 
on Anthonv Apsley's lands, 114, n 90. 
Bee 115.140. 

Ticehurst, Fredk, Hastings, manorial 
charges on house of, 67, note. 

Tickers, Hastings, 108. 

Tiemey, very rev. Canon, historian of 
Arundel, obituary notice of. Rep, xi. 

Tilgate Forest, 35. 

Tillington, incumbent of, obituary 
memorial by, 11. 

Tilt, John, lord of Gensing manor. 111. 

Tiptoft, John, Earl of Worcester, manor 
given by Edw. IV. to, 121. 

Titelton, or Tytlington, William, in- 
cumbent of Chiddingly, 248. A sort 
of Vicar of Bray, 249. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



304 



INDEX. 



Tithe feasts to the Eastbourne fiurmere, 

135. 
Tithe jurors, Mareafield, 168. 
Toakes' manor, customary charge on, 

263. 
Toft, or Tofte, Markes and Richard, 

** beneToleooe" contributioBS of, 82. 
Tomlinson, John, Esq, 266. 
Tonbridge Foresters, &youred by Edw. 

II, 45. See Tunbridge Wells. 
Tooth, Alice, nie Holman, inscription, 

254. 
Torel, or Tourle, old Chiddingly family, 

231. Their house at Hale Green, 

232. Family entries in the register, 
246. 

Totty lands, Hastings, formerly held by 
Fecamp Abbey, now Countess of 
Waldegraye's, 67, 68. Old name 
(Totteghe) identified with the lands, 
71. 

Tourle, William, 289. See Torel. 

Tower of London, purport of deed of 
Edw II. in the, 45. Its constable, 
Nicholas de la Beohe, 215. 

Towner family, inscriptions, 262. 

Townley, Nicholas, Eastbourne, payment 
by, * in lieu of ye £20 formerly spent 
in breakfasts,* 182. 

Townrowe, Thomas, Hastings, 96. 

Tradesmen's tokens, Sussex, reference to 
papers on, 187. Mr. Figg*s enume- 
ration of additional specimens, 265. 

Trayton, Edward, manor bequeathed to, 
122. 

Tree, name obnoxious to Parson Eades, 
250. 

Treke, John, incumbent of Maresfteld, 
159. 

Trevors, a descendant of the, 101. 

Trinity, Holy, Hastings, called on to 
contribute to St Clements, 70. 

Trott, old Hastings fiunily name, 86. 
Edward Trott, 96. 

Trotter, Robert, Esq, residence of, 145. 

Tuisco, Anglo-Saxon deity, town named 
after, 210. 

Tunbridge Wells, Calverley Park at, 164. 
282. Collection at Maresfield, 154. 

Turkish captives, collection at East- 
bourne for, 131. 

Turner, Rev. Edward, M. A, Papers by : 
See Ashdown Forest Maresfield. 
Rector of Maresfield, 159. Benefices 
vacated by him on his presentation to 
Maresfield, 166. On discovery of Ro- 
man remains at Ham Farm, 176. 181. 
Additional notes on Endelenewick 
Bailiwick, 264, 265. SeevAw 82 note, 
121 note. 

Turner, John, inquisition post mortem 
on, Rep. xiii. 



Turner, J. Frewen, Esq, ancient spur 
found by, Sep. xiiL 

Turner, Mary, curious entry oonoeming 
the birth of, 151. 

Turner, Richard, of London, 221, note. 

Turner, Richard, Chiddingly, 238, 239. 

Turner, Roger, M.D. See Petworth. 

Turner feunily, Chiddingly lands ac« 
quired by, 288. Inscriptions, 254. 

Turners, of Warwickshire, Rep, xiii. 

Tutt, Goodman, burial entry of the wife 
of, 247. 

Twyford Lodge, Biaresfield, 145. 

Tyboll, Agnes, 2nd wife of Barnard Ran- 
dolph, 114. 

Tye*s Gate, in Withyham, 49. 

Tyherst, Robert, houses in Hastings held 
by, 97. 

Tyler, Thomas, husbandman, bequest to 
the "hye altar," Chichester, by, 169. 

Tyndowl, Thomas, overseer of Thomas 
Jeflferay's will, 221. 

Tynkell, Thomas, vicar of Eastbourne, 
130. 

Typton, Mary, marriage entry of, 246. 

Tjrssen, J. R. D, F.S.A, informadon com- 
municated by, 240, fwte. 



Uckfield, 188. 140. Dr. Saunders's 
School, 165. 

Udimore Register, 80, note. Manor, 115, 
ll6y note, 

Upton, Mr, Petworth, information com- 
municated by, 8. 

Upton, Thomas, churchwarden, Mares- 
field, 162. 

Usher, Archbishop, on the meaning of 
" Cair," 89, note. 

V. 

Vaccination, why undervialued by some 

persons, 200. 
Yalor Ecclesiasticus, citation from the, 

125, note. 287. 
Vermin, payments for destruction of, 

247. 
Vernon, Admiral, medals commemorat- 
ing a victory of. Hep, xiii. 
Vernon, Richard, vicar of Eastbourne, 

124. 130. 
Vidal, James Henry, M.A, incumbent of 

Chiddingly, 248. Inscription to the 

memory of his son, 256. 
Vitruvius, 126. 
Vosepole, Rio. atte, subsidy assessment 

of, 212. 

W. 

Waagen*s ** Art Treasures of Great 

Britain," 12. 
Wade and Weekes families, arms of, 116. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



INDEX. 



305 



Wake, Thomas, " beneTolenoe " contri- 
bution of, 82. 

Waldegraye, S., Conn teas of, property held 
by, 82. 67, note, 68. 218. Her con- 
tributions to Hastings temporary 
museum, .Rep. xii. 

Waldem, William, bailiff, Hastings, 69. 

Waldron, 207. 210, 211. 215. 217. Tes- 
tamentary remembrances of its poor, 
216. 221. 

Walford, W. S, F.S.A., marriage settle- 
ment printed by, 182. 

Walker, oi^gan built by, 128. 

Walker's ''Sufferings of the Clei^," 166, 
note. 

Waller, John, " beneyolence " contribu- 
tion of, 82. 

Waller, Bichard, to repair the pier, 
Hastings (1611) 89. Mayor (1635), 91. 

Waller, Richard, Town Clerk, Hastiugs, 
(1705-6) burial entry of, 203. 

Waller, Sir Thomas, Lieutenant ot 
Dover Castle, 29, 29 notej 30. 

Waller, Sir William, drives the royalists 
out of Chichester, 151. 

Walles, John, *' benevolence " contribu- 
tion of, 82. 

Walleye, John, Ashdown Forest, 44. 

Walpole, Horace, on Pouget the archi- 
tect, 9. On Gibbons's carvings, 10. 

Walsh, Stephen, co-proprietor of Birch's, 
Chiddingly, 217. 

Walsham, Ralph de, 185. 

Waltham, Simon de, presented to churches 
in Hastings, 70, note, 

Wanninge, tenement in Hastings, ^ven 
for an obit, 96. 

Warbleton, bequest of lands in, 219, 
note, 

Wardeden, Henry de, 112. 

Warden, Thomas, Esq, 266. 

Wameford's Trustees, customary pay- 
ment for land held by, 264. 

Warren, Hon. Judge C. H, of Boston, U.S, 
contribution to Hastings temporary 
museum by, Hep. ziv. 

Warren Lodge, Asndown Forest, 48. 

Warrior Square, Hastings, Roman coins 
found on site of, Rep. xiii. 

Warton, Prior de, landowner in Chid- 
dingly (1816), 214. 

Washington, Colonel, property held in 
trust for the daughter of, 54. 

" Wastulus Mendicus quidem," entry in 
Maresfleld register, 151. 

Wat'e, WilL and Johnnie atte, subsidy 
assessment of, 212. 

Waterdown Forest, 35. 

Water-gate, Hastings, 81. 

Waters, Mojy, " the good and virtuouB," 
165. 

XIV. 



Waters, Nicholas, Hastings, copy of free- 
dom of Hep, xiv. 

Watkins, Giles, incumbent of Chiddingly, 
248. Tablet to his memory, 251. 

Watmouth, Edward, or Edmund, rector 
ofMaresfield, 156. 159. His induc- 
tion, 160. Entry of his burial, 161. 
Character of his wife, Undf 

Wattes, Mr, rector of Maresfleld, 159. 
Sent to Maresfleld by tlie parliament 
conunittee, 162. Assisted for a time 
by the ejected minister, 163. 

Waverley Chase, '' Queen's-standing" in, 
50. 

Way, old Hastings family name, 86. 

Waye, Robert, ** benevolence" contribu- 
tion of, 82. 

Waylett, George, incumbent of Mares- 
fleld, 159. Reads himself in, 161. His 
burial, ibid. 

Wealds, the, in Saxon times, 36. 178. 
Features of the Weald parishes, 207. 
Chimneys in the Weald, 231, note. 

Webster, Dowager Lady, contributions 
to Hastings temporary museum by, 
Eep. xii. 

Wednesbury, origin of the name, 210. 

Weekes Green, 27. 

Weekes, John, of Westfield, property ac- 
quired on marriage by, 115. 

Weekes, Restore, of Chiddingly, 246. 

Weekes, Thomas, of Hastings, 97. 

Weekes, Thomas, of Westfield and his 
descendants (Pedigree), 116. 

Weller, John and Richard, object of bond 
given to Maresfleld parish by, 152. 

Weller, Richard, of Cranbrook, 221, note, 

Wellingham, 209. 

Welshe, Godard, defendant in a '* reco- 
very." 217. 

Werteling manor, early holder of, 215. 

West, Hon. and Rev. R. W. Sackville, 
M. A, citations from History of Withy- 
ham by, 42. 45. 

West Bourne, derivation of, 119, note. 

Westfleld, Sussex, 140. 

Westham, gift for an obit in the church 
of, 99. Testamentary remembrance of 
its poor, 221. Architectural features 
of the church, 265. The Thatcher 
monument, iMd. 

Westhothly, 56. 138. 157. 

Westmeston Church, discovery of mural 
paintings in. Hep. x. Description of 
the same, ibid, note, 

Westminster, 91. 153. A privilege of its 
bailiff, 264. 

Weston, Mary, marriage entry of, 246. 

Weston, Eliza and Elizabeth, inscrip- 
tions, 254. 

Weston, William, object of his petition 
to Lord Buighley, 96. 

2 Q 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



306 



INDEX. 



Westone, Richard, Hastings, house 
pulled down by, 97. Question as to 
hia right to do so, 98. 

West Street. Chiddingly, 238. 

West Ward, Ashdown Forest, 44. 48. 61. 

Weymouth, New England, an early free- 
man of, 221. 

Wharton, John Thomas, grandson of 
Sterne's " Eugenius," 8, n 3. 

Wheatears, chief place in Sussex for catch- 
ing. 124. 

Wheeler, Sarah, iiiRcription, 261. 

Whiligh. in East Hothly, personal name 
derived from, 213. 

White, old Hastingi* family name, 86. 

White, Sir John, ** benevolence" contri- 
bution of, 82. 

White Deane Walk, Ashdown Forest, 
48. 

White House, or Chamberlayne's House 
in Marejjfield, 49. 

Whit**paine, John, marriage entry of, 
246. 

White's "Selborne," on discovery of Ro- 
man coins in Walmer Forest, 87 note. 

Whitesmith hamlet, Chiddingly, 230. 
Farm thero, 238. 

Whitfield, Robert, and his daughter 
Eliza, 222. Ancestor of the Whit- 
fioldj* of Liwds, ibid, note. 

Whitpaiue, Robert, surveyor, Ashdown 
Fore-st, 60. 

Whitwoith. Charles Earl of, joint patron 
of Clilddiiigly benefice, 248. 

Whyte, Roger, Hastings, 96. 

Whytyng, Margaret, "a walking wo- 
man," lol 

Wick ham, Roman remains found at, 178. 

Wickham family, notice of an entail in 
the, 182. 

Wickins, ** a lame boy," burial entry of, 
247. 

Wiggens, John, Maresfleld, 162. 

Wiggonholt, incumbents of, 166. 

Wilkin 8, Giles, payment for brass pots 
to, 131. 

Willard, or Wylard, family, " fons et 
origo" of, 213. Marriage of a Willard 
with a Jefferay, 220. Ancient resi- 
dence of the family, 230, 231. Mor- 
tuary Inscriptions, 263. 266. 257. 
l^Note : on p. 280, last line, for Emunoi$ 
read Erm.ines.\ 

Willard, Col. John Harry, pedigree 
drawn up for, 231. 

Willard, Thomas, of Bourne, results of 
excavation ordered by, 126. Debt 
due to him from a private person paid 
out of the poor rate, 134. 

Willarde, Thomas, defendant in a Chid- 
dingly suit, 236. 

Willard's Fann at Whiteamith, 238. 



Willets, Chiddingly. 238. 

William the Conqueror, Fitz Hamoo % 
retainer of, 25. Manor granted bj 
him to the Earl of Moreton, 66. 8m 
Rep. ix. 

William Rufus, grant to Grestein Abbey 
by. 41, See 66. 

William III, and Queen Marv, patrons 
of Chifldingly, 248. The King stig- 
matized in Parson Eades* epitaph 
251. 

William, ' a lackey of Mr. J. Rootes,* 
burial entry of, 147. 

William, Jacob, vicar of Eastbourne, 129. 

William, Sir Thomas, sale of rights in 
Ashdown Forest to, 66. His lease 
of same. 56. 

Williamson, Secretary, Eaj»tboume col- 
lection for Turkish captives remitted 
to, 131. 

Willingdon, Willington, or Willingdeane, 
211. 217. 224. Vicar of, 124. See Wyl- 
lingdon. 

Willoughby, Sir Henr\', and his daugh- 
ter Johanna, 112. 113. Richard Wil- 
loughby, 113. 

Wills, ancient, and extracts therefrom : 
of Maresfield residents, 168. John 
Sackville. 216, Thomas Jeflferay, 
219. William Jefferay, 220. Thomas 
his son, 220, 221. 

Wilmington, or Wylmington, 41, 209. 
Endelenewick Bailiwick in the parish, 
263. See British Antiquities. 

Wilson, Thomas, marriage entry of, 150. 

Wilson, William, of Fietching, 121. 
supporter of. and created a baronet 
by Charles II, 122. 

Winchelsea, 70, n 21. Its custumal, 80. 
Ship belonging to it (the *Ane Wye') 
86. See 106, 107, n 61. Coin found. 
Rep. xiv. 

Winding Lane, Hastings, early brick 
tenement in, 106. 

Winkfield, old Hastings family name, 
86. 

'Winter Season ' a poem by a Chiddingly 
rector, 252. 

Winthrop. Governor of Mas8achusett8,221 

Wish, the. South Bourne, 126. Dis- 
coveries on a fiiU of cliff, 126, 127. 

Wiston, part of the Shirley possessions, 
232. 

Withyham, 36. 49. 55. 66. 62. 167. Ci- 
tations from West's History of 
Withyham, 42, 45. Collection al 
Maresfield for its Church, 163. Testa- 
mentary remembrance of its poor, 216. 

"Wits, Fits, and Fancies," Anthony 
Copley's compilation, 264. 

Woodcoke, Lawrence, vioar of Bast- 
bourne, 129. 



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INDEX. 



307 



Woden, Anglo-Saxon deity, town named 
after, 210. 

Wodeward, Lanr. de, subsidy assess- 
ment of, 212. 

WoUey, Thomas, ** benerolenoe" oontri- 
bution of, 82. 

Wolmer Forest, 35. Large 'find* of 
. Boman coins, 37 note, 

Wolstanbury, Boman encampment at, 
178. Boman villa found in its vici- 
nity, 179. 

Wood, ancient Hastings tiEmiily name, 
86. 

Wood, Thomas, inscription, 257, 

Woodfall Down, Chiddingly, 239. 

Woodgate family, inscriptions, 255. 

Woodman, Thomas, Maresfield, 169. 

Woodmancote poor, testamentary re- 
membrance of, 216. 

Woodward, Qeorge, incumbent of Mares- 
field, 159. Yicar of Fletohing 50 
years, 166. 

Woodward, Bev. William, 228. 

Worge, Thomas, rectorial chancel of East- 
bourne re-edified by the wife of, 123. 

Wrentham manor, Sufiblk, 184. 

Wright, Jeremiah, curious cause of death 
of, 204. 

Wright, Sir Bychard, ** curat of Bum," 
"benevolence" contribution of, 123. 

Wright's, Butlandshire, reference to, 47, 
note. 

Wright, Thomas, F.S.A, on formation 
and derivation of local names, 209. 

Wryte, Bobert, tenement in Hastings held 
by, 98. 

Wyatt, Francis, commissioner Ashdown 
Forest, 59. 

Wych-cross, Ashdown Forest, cluster of 
Beeches at, 61. 

Wydeville, Biohard, and his daughter, 
Joan, 188. 



Wylard, Nicolas, subsidy assessment of 

212. 8fie Willard. 
Wyleghe, Marger. de, subsidy assessment 

of, 212. Locality identified with her 

name, 218. 
Wyllingdon, Biohard de Aquila's lands 

in, 41. 
Wylmington, #00 Wilmington. 
Wylson, John, "benevolence '* contribu- 
tion of, 82. 
Wymondesley, source of the presents to 

the Boyal table by the prior of, 120. 
Wyndham, Charles, afterwards Earl of 

Egremont, 4, 5. Statue gallery fitted 

up by him, 9. 
Wyndham, Sir William, the 

Pope's couplet on, 4. 



Y. 

Yarmouth Fishery, appropriation of the 

Hastings shares of the, 88. List of 

Hastings boats engaged therein, 95. 

Thomas Lake, bailiff to, 101. 
Yelding, or Yielding, manor of, 67, noU 

110. Extent and successive possessors 

of the manor. 111. 
Yeomans, Bobert, Ashdown Forest, 44. 
Yielding, John, bequest to Eastbourne 

poor by, 135. 
York, Thomas, Archbishop of, Thurstan 

appointed successor to, 120. 
Young, W. B, Esq, information conmiu- 

nicated by, 111, notet 66. 69. 



Zouch, Lord, Lord Warden of the Cinque 
Ports, return of Hastings mustefs to, 
102. 



o. p. BAooN, pszimn, lawii. 



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Chxt^t^itx Catljieirral, 

WITH AN INTBODUGTOBT BSSAT ON TAB FALL OF THB TOWER 

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BY THE REV. R. WILLIS, M .A. F.R.8. AC. Ao. 
Jackeomam Pr^ffmor in the Umvertitif qfOombridge, 



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BY THE REV. J. L. PETIT, MJL FAA. 

Historiol Bemarks and Oopjeotnres on the FrUny and Ohuroh of BozgroTe» 
hy the Bby. W. Tuxker, Vioab. 



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BY EDMUND 8HARPE, MJ^. F.R.I.BiL 



0HI0HB8XHB; WILLUX EATLBT KABOK, BABT BHian.^LOflDON : BBLL ASH DALDT, 
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1861. 



^- 



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Lately put^hed in cne kandsame volume, toyal Svo^ in double £«lunins, 
pp. 500, wiih illustrations, 

PATEONYMICA BRITANNICA, 

A DICTIONAEY OF THE 

FAMILY NAMES OF THE UNITED KINGDOM, 

ENDEAVomusB BY MAEK ANTONY LOWEE, M.A., F.S.A. 



** A painftd work It la, and more than diffioolt, whercdn what toyle hath heea takao, aa no nan thinkath, 
10 no man ballavath, bat ha tint hath made tha tzIaL'*— iLnMany * Wood. 

OPINIONS OF THE PEESS. 

. " * Patronjmica Britannica * is the higheit flight endeavoured bj its author. He has 
no reason to be ashamed of his attempt. We congratulate him on his success."— 
AthencBum, _..«. 

" The labour which Mr. Lower haa bestowed upon his book must have been immense, 
and the pleasure which his book will give his readers will be proportionate. In what- 
eyer manner men look upon an inquiry into the origin of Surnames, whether through 
the high moral spectacles of Dean Trench, or with the keen glance of an antiquarian 
philosopher, or in the gaping fashion of simple curiosity, they will find here food for 
reflection, matter for disquisition, and meat for the cunous soul, each according to his 
kind."— Oific 

<< We cannot dismiss Bir. Lower's work without due recognition of the painstaking 
research, the original fancy, and peculiar talent which he has displayed. The volume 
contains a rich rand of amusement and a store of infbnnation which would in vain be 
sought for elsewhere." — Literary Gazette, 

**The book before us is a Dictionary, and is moreover a dictionary of names, and 
yet it is full of historical matter, so garnished with anecdote, and so seasoned with 
spicy learning, that it is really an amusing book to read, and a most invaluable one for 
the antiquary to consult."— &//*< Weekly Messenger, 

^ Mr. Lower may justlv lay claim to the title of the Johnson of English Surnames. 
Open this Dictionary where you like — ^let your eve &11 on what name it may — the 
attention of the reader is arrested by some novel or curious iSsct. Of course each 
reader will turn first to his own name, and, if he have one worth naming, we will 
answer tor it he will find it here, and with the reason, too, why it is what it is. We 
are afraid Mr. Lower will inflict some rude blows on the vanity of such as consult his 
pages with the yague hope of finding themselves springing from a fount of honour, 
and discover themselves to be linked with a ' base mechanidL trade.' Others, on the 
contrary, of apparently humble origin, will find tbemselvea canted back to some noble 
race fallen from its high estate. 

•« We must return again and again to this delightful ydume, and we must not omit 
to notice the fact, that this handsome and beautiffilly-printed book is the production of 
our own county in a typographical as well as in a literary point of view. It does 
honour to the press of Mr. 0. P. Bacon of Lewes." — Brighton Herald. 

** Et pin* eat patriot facta referre labor. And zealously and piously has Mr. Lower 
performed his weighty and important task. 

<* The work is framed in the similitude of an ordinary dictionary, and contains articles 
on many thousands of Surnames. These illustrations are sometimes profound, some- 
times humorous, and anon sarcastic; as when some tremendous *cnunmer ' touching a 
fantastically-called John Noakes or Tom Styles is current; but tiiey are always in- 
teresting and cleyer, conyeying an amoimt of information totally incommensurate with 

the space they occupy In taking leave of this fascinating and most agreeable 

work, we unhesitatingly record that its perusal makes us class Mr. Lower in the yan of 



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the patronjniical philologUtB of the nineteenth oeotniy— ft ttudy that is indebted to 
him for aknoit all the interest now lo widely felt in it "-A/erMy Indq)endenL 

^ Mr. Lower's preyions work on the lame subject (' English Surnames *) is now known 
fiur and wide, and we maj perhaps yenture to suggest tluit, taking that work as the 
arammar, the < PatronTmica ' must be considex«d as thb dictiematy of fiunily names, 
masmuch as no work of a similar nature and extent has erer been Imore attempted." — 
Sussex Express, 

** We strongly recommend our readers to buy Mr. Lower's book, and judge of its 
yalue for themselyes. To many of them it will suggest a theme of intelligent interest, 
hitherto, perhaps, luknown to them; while to others it will supply the results of long 
and able research upon topics on which they haye long sought for information. If 
any of our younger readers like a few evenings' healthy amusement, they will readily 
find it by taking Mr. Lower's Paircnj/mica, and finding in its pages the deriyation of 
the names of all their schoolfellows in bill order. .... We have said enough to call 
attention to Mr. Lower's book, and we conclude by thanking the author heartily for 
his contribution to this fascinating branch of etymology, and by wishing that his labours 
may meet with the success that they desenre." — Harrow Gaxette, 

*' These extracts senre to show that even a dictionary may be a most amusing and 
attractive book. It is told of the late Mrs. Opie that on a gentleman of somewliat dull 
parts asking her to recommend him an interesting book, she advised him to read 
Johnson's Dictionary — a task which he commenced, but quickly relinquisbed in great 
distaste, not to say disgust. Had the * PatronTmica BrUanmca ' been in existence at 
the time, Mr. Lower would have triumphed where the great Lexicographer himself 
could not succeed, and Mrs. Opie would nave doubtless received the thanks instead of 
the reproaches of her bewildered friend." — Sussex Advertiser, 

The following communications from three gentlemen of known literarj and 
archsdological attainments, are a fair sample of numerous commendatory 
letters which have been addressed to the author of the Patronymica 
Britannica : — 

<*I can assure you that I have already derived much information and instruction 
from it, and can only express what must be the common feeling of all archaologists, 
when I say that we are all greatly obliged to you for so valuable a work. 

'<A. J. BEBESFOBD HOPE. 
" Bedghury Park, Cranbrookr 

"My dear Sir, 

" I must write to acknowledge the safe arrival of your most interesting book on 
Surnames. I have looked through it, and have been very much pleased and entertained 
with the vast mass of information which you have brought to bear on the subject. I 
am much mistaken if your book does not become a general fkvourite. 

" Believe me very truly yours, 

"E. P. SHIllLEY. 
^ Lough Fea, Carrickmacross," • 

"Sir, 

I yenture to trouble you with this letter to express to you how greatly I have 
been pleased with yoar Patron^ica, which appears to me a work full of very interesting 
and original matter, and one of great labour and ingenuity. 

" I am, ^, your obedient servant, 

"DANIEL GURNET. 
'' North Buneton.** 

The PATRONYMICA BRITANNICA was printed for the Author, and a 
few copies remain unsold. The price is Twenty-Jive Shillings, including 
book-postage to any part of the United Kingdom. Post-office Orders may 
be made payable at Lewes. 

St. AjNins's Housb, Lewes, November 25th, 1862. 



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